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The Gospel Messenger 

" This Gospel of the Kingdoi 
in the whole world." — Matt 

n shall be pr 
24: 14. 


" THY KINGDOM COME "—Matt. 9: 10; Luke II. 2 

"Till we all attain 

the fulness of Chris 

into ... the 

."— Eph. 4: 13. 

stature of 

Vol. 78 

Elgin, 111., January 5, 1929 

No. 1 

In This Number 


The Enlargement of Loyalties 1 

Kissing the Wound .-. 1 

A Good Way to Contentment 1 

The Mission Board Meeting (H. S. M.) , 1 

Among the Churches 8 

Around the World 9 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) 9 

General Forum— 

A Preachers' Prayer (Poem>, 2 

Thinkers After God. By Charles E. Zunkel, 2 

Opportunities in Religious Education, By C. H. Shamberger, 2 

Missions in the Bible. By Walter F. Berkehile 2 

A Tonic or a Soothing 5yrup. By J. L. Hoff 3 

The Loveometcr. By Oliver H. Austin 3 

Some Brethren Pathfinders.— No. 12. By J. H. Moore 3 

Character Education. By C. A. HofFmai 4 

Christian Youth. By Floyd L. Wilson 4 

Men's Work. By W. T. Wcrkmati, 4 

The Choice of Music in the Home. By Florence S. Studebaker. .. 5 
"Blessed Arc They That Mourn for They Shall Be Comforted." 

By Julia Graydon. 10 

Who Is Most Miserable? By D. E. Cripe 10 

My Chinese Lantern. By T. Richardson Gray 12 

Pastor and People — 

Pensions for Preachers. By Frank N. Sargent, 6 

The Dangers of Dogmatic Teaching. By Olive A. Smith 6 

Conscience. By Paul F. Bechtold 6 

A Book Reviewed (J. E. M.) 6 

Home and Family- 
Very Unusual. By Elizabeth R. Blough, 7 

Will the Old Church Prosper Too (Poem)? By Russell G. 


Drifting. By James P. Lehman 

Yes, " Silliness." By Graci- Hdeman Miller. . 
Uncle Mose's Discovery. By Chester E. Shulet 
"Nigger Sam." By A. V. Sagcr, 


The Enlargement of Loyalties 

We have stolen the phrase from the author of a 
short series of short articles soon to appear in these 
columns. He says it — not the phrase but the thing de- 
noted by it — is essential to progress. He applies it to 
that certain one of our church interests concerning 
which he writes. His use of it is pertinent to that 
subject but we could not keep it from breaking through 
the fence. Looking this way and that into the great 
open spaces it threatened to roam over the whole field 
of our church life. 

Even that was not range enough. For it quickly be- 
came evident to our thought as the big factor in every 
phase of human advance. The transfer of one's loy- 
alty from a local to a larger unit is a universal law of 

This matter of world peace which has come in for 
a good deal of discussion lately is a capital illustration 
of it. The earliest social unit of any considerable size 
was the clan or tribe. Loyalty to it was the funda- 
mental virtue and that loyalty meant readiness to war 
against every other clan. -The interests of the clan 
were thought to be opposed to the interests of other 
clans. Still back of this is the family in the narrower 
sense, loyalty to which in its most selfishly perverted 
form has found expression in the familiar doggerel 
about " me and my wife, my son John and his wife, us 
four and no more," 

Out of clans and tribes came finally the sense of 
nationality, the highest type of social unit to which 
most minds have yet been willing to give their loyalty. 
Thus patriotism becomes the supreme virtue, which 
would be a finer virtue than it sometimes is, if it were 
always what it was meant to be, the enlargement of 
loyalty from devotion to the interests of a single family 
or clan, to devotion to the interests of the whole nation. 
That is how patriotism got its glory. But when men 
use it to foster loyalty to one's own country at the ex- 
pense of other countries they debase this noble senti- 
ment, the very essence of which is the sacrifice of per- 
sonal interests for the larger good, into an ugly and 
repulsive thing. They are false to its true spirit, which 
spirit now demands the enlargement of one's loyalty 
to country by extending its boundaries to include all 
countries. Without such enlargement one can not be 

truly loyal to his own country because the welfare of 
his own country is inextricably bound up with the wel- 
fare of all. 

Here is the essence of the world peace issue, Tt is 
a question of enlarging loyalties in accord with our 
marvelously rapid growth in intercommunication and 

In our church life the principle claims ever increas- 
ing recognition. The heart of church loyalty is loyal- 
ty to Jesus Christ, yet this can not be dissociated from 
certain human attachments to the groups or agencies 
by which the gospel of Jesus is made effective in the 
world. First there comes the smaller group with which 
we meet in worship, and which sets up certain intru- 
ments of evangelism and Christian culture, namely, the 
local church. Beyond these in our own fraternity 
comes the District and then the whole Brotherhood 
as represented in the General Conference. It is not 
unheard of that loyalty to the local church has made 
its members almost forget that there are other local 
churches in the Brotherhood whose prosperity is as 
important as their own. But the spirit of the enlarge- 
ment of loyalties is at work and some fine examples of 
it have been brought to our attention. 

One of these is the case in which a District has taken 
on the support of work in a far distant section of the 
Brotherhood. What could better keep alive and kindle 
into brighter flame the sense of unity and mutual de- 
pendence throughout the whole church? And bind the 
several parts together by the strong bond of brotherly 
love? Another instance of another type is that in 
which one part of the Brotherhood, seeing that the 
church at large is interpreting the problem of church 
government with more deference to individual choice 
than was formerly the practice, is willing, against its 
own preference, to respect that attitude and to live with 
it in fraternal fellowship. This is quite as fine a kind 
of loyalty enlargement as the other and promises much 
for the advancement of the kingdom. 

But this far-reaching principle presses upon our 
attention still other aspects of the matter. We live in 
the midst of other groups who bear the name of Chris- 
tian, With each passing decade, not to say each year, 
the urge grows heavier to consider anew our relation 
to them. The larger loyalty certainly claims our in- 
terest in them, our concern for them, our sincere de- 
sire that they too may be used of God in widening the 
confines of his kingdom. Will it also require some 
new adjustments in organization, some closer asso- 
ciation for common activities? Must the axis of it be 
shifted from a denominational to some larger center, 
or rather, to the center of a larger circle? Are we to 
be called on to distinguish more sharply than we have 
yet done between instruments and objectives, between 
methods and principles, between scaffolding and build- 
ing, between transient expediencies and eternal veri- 

One good thing to do while looking for the answer 
will be to practice loyalty to Christ so whole-heartedly 
that its essence and scope may be more clearly seen. 
In that way we shall more surely have something of 
value to contribute to whatever new type of organized 
Christian effort the " enlargement of loyalties " may 
require. / 

To know only Jesus Christ and him crucified is not 
a little thing. It never was and it is getting bigger all 
the time. 

Kissing the Wound 

Dr. John A. Hutton tells of an illuminating inci- 
dent in which a mother and her child have the leading 
part. The child had suddenly caught sight of a scar 
on the mother's arm, an ugly mark, and wondered how 
it got there. The mother explained. When very young 

the child had fallen across the hearth towards the fire. 
The mother ran forward, put her arm between the fire 
and her child and lifted the child away unharmed. But 
her arm was badly burned and ever afterward carried 
the scar. 

" You dear, dear mother," said the child. " Let me 
kiss and kiss that wound." 

There is more wholesome theology in that story 
than in many large books and long sermons. It comes 
as near telling how " He was wounded for our trans- 
gressions " as anything can tell it. All that remains 
in order that the story may have the proper ending is 
for us to give practical proof of our appreciation by 
kissing the wound that measures his love for us. Don't 
you know how to do that? " Inasmuch as ye did it 
unto one of these my brethren, even these least, ye 
did it unto me." 

A Good Way to Contentment 

Are you satisfied with the things that are, and do 
you dream therefore that you are the happy incarna- 
tion of the virtue of contentment? There is great 
danger of a wrong conclusion at that point. It may be 
only laziness. It may be the inertia of that hidebound 
conservatism which declines to move, to budge, to 
grow, no matter what the possibilities for betterment. 
It may be the selfishness which refuses to be disturbed 
by the unhappiness of others. 

Are you satisfied with your present state of accom- 
plishment in Christlikeness? So good a man as Paul 
was not. He pressed on. He counted not himself to 
have attained. But wasn't he the man who had learned 
in whatsoever state he was to be content? O not with 
his own progress in spirit culture. Nor with the un- 
fortunate lot of his suffering fellow-men. He was al- 
ways trying to change both of these. And that was 
how he could be content whatever his material for- 
tunes were. He knew how to be abased with little and 
how to abound with plenty. But he never did learn 
how to be satisfied with his own comfort when some- 
body else needed something which it was in his power 
to give. He found his peace in a continuous warfare 
against unrighteousness, a continuous ministry to hu- 
man welfare, a continuous struggle to make things bet- 
ter. Yes, he knew the meaning of contentment. 

Are you satisfied with the spiritual status of the 
church, with the worldly-mindedness of so many who 
bear the name of Christ, with the unbrotherliness which 
still divides nations, races, classes, individuals even? 
Of course not? Then help to change these things and 
in the utter abandon of your soul to this great enter- 
prise, learn to be content. 

The Mission Board Meeting 

The General Mission Board held its regular winter 
meeting Dec. 19. Brethren Otho Winger, Chairman; 
A. P. Blough, Vice-Chairman; H. H. Nye, J. K. Mil- 
ler and Leland Moomaw were present. Levi Garst 
was absent, on account of illness, and J. B. Emmert 
and Secretary Giarles D. Bonsack were absent, being 
on deputation to Africa. 

As many items which come annually to the Board's 
attention are scheduled for the April meeting, this ses- 
sion was not so long. 

As there is no missionary doctor on the China field 
and the mission requested the Board to secure a doctor 
for them, steps were taken to try to comply with the 

The question of returning to the fields the mission- 
aries who are detained on furlough for want of funds 
to carry on their work, came before the Board. The 
financial situation was not sufficiently clear that the 

(Continued on Page 12) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1929 


A Preacher's Prayer 

I do not ask 

That crowds may throng the temple 
That standing room be at a price; 
I only ask that as I voice the message, 
They may see Christ. 

I do not ask 

For church pomp or pageant, 

Or music such as wealth alone can buy, 

I only pray that as I voice the message, 

He may be nigh. 

I do not ask 

That men may sound my praises, 

Or headlines spread my name abroad, 

I only pray that as I voice the message, 

Hearts may find God. 

— Ralph S. Centiman. 

Thinkers After God 


It seems to be characteristic of the present age to de- 
mand individual thought. Though it is an ever in- 
creasing necessity, we do not find it as prevalent as we 
should. In the democratic experiment of our own 
country, for it is said that democracy is really an ex- 
periment, we see a real need for individual thought 
and expression. Democracy becomes a failure in the 
degree to which people lose this individual responsi- 

Not only is it seen to be present in government, but in 
church life as well. People are slowly awakening to 
the need for each one to think along with the leader- 
ship of the church. There is a growing awareness of 
the responsibility of the individual to check the pas- 
tor's expositions of life. Not only is this necessary, 
but it is necessary, as well, for the membership to live 
as nobly as they expect the pastor to live. Christianity 
fails in the degree to which individual Christian life 
fails. This is gradually dawning, in ever increasing 
reality, upon the consciousness of Christians. It needs 
to be more widely recognized than it is. 

Again, as we look at church life, we notice that to- 
day many younger folks are thinking and expressing 
that thought than was true fifty years ago. Some of 
our older men say that when they were young they did 
not think for themselves; they thought after their par- 
ents and like their parents, for the most part. There 
was no need for them to express themselves and they 
had no chance to do so. 

With this increasing emphasis upon individual 
thought, it is necessary for thought to be of the highest 
order, if it is to be of any value to society. Individual 
thought is a sign of healthy life if it is carried on at 
the proper level. It may result in growth or stagna- 
tion, progression or retrogression. It impresses upon 
us the fact that " as a man thinketh in his heart, so is 
he." That adage of an old sage was no more true 
then than now, but we may have lost the import of 
its message. 

Let us, then, consider thought life. It is said that 
thought is carried on at three levels. The first of 
these is identical with the lowest level of life; it is the 
instinctive level. Here, food is sought because of an 
inward urge, only to satisfy selfish appetites. Shelter 
is provided because heat or cold cause enough thought 
to desire it. Homes are established as a means of re- 
lief to baser instincts, to the lower impulses of life. 
None of the heavenly charm and loveliness enters the 
home or the family relationship. None of the world's 
beauty in literature, art, music, or nature is sought or 
enjoyed. Instead of reading a stimulating type of 
wholesome literature, the cheap or shoddy magazine 
and book is read. It demands too much thought to 
read better literature. Only that which appeals to the 
lower impulses can be enjoyed. Life at this level be- 
comes dull and uninteresting for there is no hunger for 
the more noble things of life. Truly it is the brute 
level. Yet, we see those individuals now and then who 
are content to live here. 

The second level of thought is the rationalistic. It is 
the level upon which all an individual's acts are justi- 

fied. New truth is ineffective because an excuse of 
one sort or another is given to justify the present con- 
dition. It is a compromise level. A few illustrations 
may make this level much more real to us. One can 
be seen in the problem of Christian people and war. 
Whereas the law said, "Thou shalt not kill," and 
Jesus said, " He that is angry with his brother shall be 
sentenced by God." Many have said that man has 
always fought and he always will fight. And to make 
the excuse more pernicious they add, " The Bible says, 
' There shall be wars and rumors of wars,' and there- 
fore we are excused as hopeless." This is merely the 
result of rationalistic thinking. The truth remains 
that war is wrong. Another illustration may be seen 
in Jesus' teaching to love one's enemies. Folk excuse 
themselves by saying that it is enough not to hate 
them. Our eyes and ears have become blinded and 
deafened to Jesus on the cross as he says: " Father, 
forgive them, for they know not what they do." Re- 
member, " As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he." 
If he thinks rationalization, he is a compromiser. 

The third level of thinking is the creative.' It is 
the highest of all. Here the thinker sees the ideal and, 
also, life as it is, and attempts to find a means of lifting 
life to the ideal. Examples may be seen in the attempt 
to abolish slavery, to secure prohibition, and to aban- 
don war. The need for creative thinkers is not past. 
We need only to remind ourselves of society's crying 
needs to assure us of that. Creative thinking is prac- 
tical for the ordinary tasks of life, as. well. When it 
is exercised, an individual looks out beyond himself 
to realize the joy and beauty in the world. All of us 
have met an occasional individual who is enthused 
about the beauty of the world. I recall distinctly hav- 
ing an aged lady say to me: " My, this is a beautiful 
old world." Then she related how she had seen some 
of the glories of nature and some of the lovely people 
that one can meet. What a joy life was for her 1 

Too frequently we find ourselves on the compromise 
level. We need to see truth as it is and life as it is, 
and then attempt a harmony of the two. We forget 
the joy of thinking after God, creatively, with the Fa- 
ther. Jesus realized this possibility, for said he : " My 
Father worketh hitherto and I work." May this new 
level of thought be ours! May we think after him! 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio. 

Opportunities in Religious Education 


A remarkable number of young people of the 
Church of the Brethren are interested in religious edu- 
cation. One tangible evidence of this is the number 
who take courses in the subject during college and 
continue in graduate study in our own Seminary and 

This is highly desirable. Few churches are more 
interested in religious education than ours. Our Sun- 
day-school officers and teachers are alert and eager 
for more effective Christian instruction. Most local 
leaders will not have professional training for their 
task and will appreciate the help which comes from 
some one who has had it. Many of those who are tak- 
ing courses in religious education are in preparation 
for the ministry and as pastors will be in a logical posi- 
tion to assist those who carry forward the educational 
program of the local church. 

The time will no doubt come when the larger con- 
gregations will have a director of religious education. 
Some few of our churches have already begun to do 
this and others are considering it. The number will 
grow as rapidly as congregations increase their nu- 
merical and financial strength to the point that make it 

There is still another possibility which holds prom- 
ise. At the present time several groups of churches 
are beginning to consider a cooperative effort to em- 
ploy a director of religious education. 

There are a number of communities where such a 
plan would seem to be quite feasible. We have several 
cities with a sufficient number of churches to make 
such an experiment practicable. Another opportunity 
is in rural sections where a number of congregations 
are accessible and could be easily grouped. 

Some situations offer unique opportunities for this 
plan. There are any number of instances where there 
are several local churches whose needs are supplied by 
ministers without salary. They will probably continue 
on that basis for some time. Those same churches 
might jointly employ a director of religious education 
to assist them in their program. Such a person could 
serve the different points much better than one pastor 
could because of the nature of the work. Such a plan 
should result in a much improved program within each 
church and ought to be comparatively easily financed. 

There is a third field which we must prepare for, 
namely, that of providing teachers for week day 
schools of religious education. A pastor aptly ex- 
pressed it recently when he observed that it was coming 
in his community even before he was ready for it. Our 
churches are already cooperating in this movement 
throughout the country. It is only fair that we use 
whatever opportunity we have to suggest as teachers 
those of our own church who are well qualified for 
such work. 

When we as a church begin to develop opportunities 

for those who have prepared for this kind of work, we 

will have gained the right to encourage additional 

young people to make preparation for similar service. 

Elgin, III. _^__^^_^_ 

Missions in the Bible 


Any Bible student, if asked where believers had 
their first organization, would answer: " In the family 
of Abraham." A blessing was granted to mankind 
through the family of Abraham: " In thee shall all the 
families of the earth be blessed." God renewed the 
promise to Isaac when he said : " In thy seed shall all the 
nations of the earth be blessed." To Jacob the prom- 
ise was repeated again: " In thee and in thy seeds shall 
all the families of the earth be blessed." Thus in the 
first organization of believers God sets before his serv- 
ants a world goal. 

The same note rings clear through the entire Bible. 
To Moses he says: " As truly as I live, all the earth 
shall be filled with the glory of the Lord." As we turn 
to the Psalms we find : " Ask of me and I shall give 
thee the heathen for thine inheritance and the utter- 
most parts of the earth for thy possession." As we 
read the major prophets: "Look unto me and be ye 
saved all the ends of the earth." Turning to the minor 
prophets we find they also join in the beautiful melody : 
" Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, having salvation ; 
lowly, and riding upon an ass ; he shall speak peace to 
the nations, and his dominion shall be unto the ends 
of the earth." Thus we find the melody all the way 
through, from Genesis to Malachi, going on until it 
blends with the voice of the angels: " Behold, I bring 
you good tidings of great joy which shall be to all 

The aged Simeon welcomed Christ as the " Light to 
lighten the nations." When Christ began to teach he 
said: " The field is the world," " I am the light of the 
world," " My house shall be called a house of prayer 
for all the nations." 

After the resurrection he appeared to the disciples 
during a forty-day period, speaking to them of the 
Kingdom. Of the things he spoke to them only one 
thing is recorded, and that by all four writers of the 
Gospels. . Each one gives in some form his Great Com- 
mission : " Go ye into all the world and preach the 
gospel to every creature." We have also a fifth record 
of the great commission in the Acts of the Apostles: 
" Ye shall be my witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all 
Judea, and Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of 
the earth. And when he had said these things, as they 
were looking, he was taken up ; and a cloud received 
him out of their sight." Thus the very last words 
spoken to the disciples before his return to the Father 
were these: " Unto the uttermost parts of the earth." 

The first effect of the Pentecostal outpouring of the 
Holy Spirit was obedience to the Great Commission. 
Then Spirit-filled men and women began to preach the 
gospel to the people gathered at Jerusalem, represent- 
ing every nation under heaven. Each nation there 
represented heard the gospel in its own language. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1929 

The rest of the Bible is devoted to a carrying out of 
the Great Commission. That is, it is made up of the 
record of extended missionary travels and epistles 
written to missionary churches and converts. In 
Revelation we find a picture of the success of world- 
wide missionary work, " A great multitude, which no 
man could number, of all nations and kindreds and peo- 
ples and tongues, standing before the throne and before 
the Lamb, clothed with white robes and palms in their 
hands." Thus the Bible from beginning to end places 
upon us the obligation of giving Christ to the world. 
Therefore, if the power of Christ to save is limitless, 
and if of man's need of him there is no exception, then 
our first duty as Christian men and women is to preach 
his gospel to all nations. 

Is it not true that any good thing a Christian finds 
he feels obligated to share with others? And the bet- 
ter it is the greater the obligation to share it. And 
since Christ is far better than anything else we have, 
we are under greater obligation to share him with the 

This great teaching of the Scriptures should ever in- 
fluence our lives and fill us with zeal to obey. May it 
influence our giving for this great goal that has been 
given to the children of God to reach. Let this always 
be first as we face our obligations. 
Rockwood, Pa. 

A Tonic or a Soothing Syrup? 


One current trend of thought is defining religion as 
a tonic rather than a narcotic or a soothing syrup. It 
is still used by some brutal industrialists to drug the 
systems of their employees. These laborers are thus 
made to live in a fool's paradise while working ten or 
twelve hours a day in some vile factory, or while living 
like a rat in a hole within some vicious slum. Some- 
times, even ministers of the gospel have preached a 
message of contentment for the status quo, to those 
who were in horrible bondage. 

Religion is sometimes used to portray to the weary 
wanderer the gleaming mirage of a heavenly oasis, 
which makes him forget the barren sands of industrial 
slavery. When used in this sense, the hope of im- 
mortality is allowed to degenerate into a pagan slave- 
making influence. It is held out as a glittering reward 
or spiritual antidote for the needless suffering which 
pagans create for others in this life. It is used as a 
mere tempting bait to lure men onward, or a moral and 
social anaesthetic to render them unconscious of the in- 
justices that are heaped upon them. Religion, in this 
sense, is made a substitute for necessary social action 
and improvement. Sometimes, it even becomes a tool 
for tightening economic bondage more firmly upon the 
unfortunate classes. 

Men have tried to prove to the poverty-stricken that 
they are just as fortunate as the rich, and perhaps even 
more so. For instance, in 1793 Paley asserted: " Some 
of the necessities which poverty imposes are not hard- 
ships but pleasures. Frugality itself is a pleasure. It 
is an exercise of attention and contrivance, which, 
whenever it is successful, produces satisfaction. The 
very care and foresight that are necessary to keep ex- 
penses and earning upon a level, form, when not em- 
barrassed by too great difficulties, an agreeable engage- 
ment of thoughts. This is lost amidst abundance. A 
yet more serious advantage which persons in inferior 
stations possess, is the ease with which they provide 
for their children. All the provision which a poor 
man's child requires is contained in two words, ' indus- 
try and innocence.' With these qualities, though with- 
out a shilling to set him forwards, he goes into the 
world prepared to become a useful, virtuous and happy 
man." Such are the surpassing treasures which the 
poor inherit ! Indeed, is not the wealthy man the most 
unfortunate of men to be deprived of such benefits! 
Is it not strange that he does not give away all his 
property and frantically seek these tempting advan- 
tages ! 

The curse of slavery has likewise been blessed by 
some religious leaders in the past. In this sense, re- 
ligion became just another chain to tie the slaves fast 
to the status quo. In 1853, Bishop Meade preached 

this kind of a religious narcotic to them: "You should 
remember that God has placed you where you are. 
God knows better than you do whether it is best for 
you to be rich or poor, high or low, in bondage or in 
liberty. Had he left you to choose your state in life 
for yourself, you might have made a choice that would 
ruin you forever. . . . Jesus Christ came especial- 
ly to save you from your sins." The last sermon in 
this bishop's volume of sermons bears this title, " The 
Faithful Christian Shall Wear a Crown." Sherwood 
Eddy declares that the managers of certain factories 
in Japan make it a common practise to call in religious 
leaders, usually Buddhist, but sometimes even Chris- 
tian. The plan is to have these leaders exhort the 
workers and keep them contented with honeyed words, 
in order to increase production. Such influences as 
these in the autocratic religion of the Russia of the 
past led the soviet government to broadcast the declara- 
tion of Karl Marx: " Religion, the opium of the peo- 

Thinking men everywhere are rebelling against the 
organized efforts to confuse religion with soothing 
syrups and servile surrenders. They are defining it as 
the tonic and the tocsin of alert adventure. Its 
influences are sanative rather than sedative. The 
petty peddling of pills and panaceas in ecclesiastical 
pharmacies is giving way to royal participation in 
moral conquest and exploration. 

Religion, when humanized, becomes an essential 
elixir of life, the bracing, compelling influence of an 
inspirational challenge. However, its influence is not 
the tonic of a drug, but the tonic of a walk in the fresh 
air after drowsing in a stuffy room. It is not the 
artificial stimulus of a Stoical grit-your-teeth-and-bear- 
it philosophy. Nor is it,' on the other hand, a licentious 
mental intoxication. But rather, it is the inspiration 
following a period with a contagious and gripping per- 
sonality. It is not the energy from a reassuring pas- 
sion to lift one's self by one's- bootstraps. It is, rather, 
the tonic of having lived on a lofty Olympus of experi- 
ence. It is feeling such a thrill as Lowell described : 

" Who hath trod Olympus, from his eye 

Fades not that broader outlook of the gods; 
His life's low valleys overbrow earth's clouds." 
This tonic influence tunes and sensitizes the moral 
vision. It enlarges the creative outreach of one's life. 
It produces the commanding consciousness that there 
are yet vast worlds of experience still unexplored; 
there are degrees of joy and triumph that mortal man 
has never yet felt; there are thrills of wonder and 
amazement that would probably be too much for the 
nervous system, in our present stage of development; 
there are depths of life and feeling that call the very 
life-blood of men to delve to their abysmal resources. 
Just as there are limitless new possibilities in the re- 
search of science, in literary production, and in the gen- 
eral field of culture, so there will forever be an infinity 
of new methods and nobler degrees of moral and re- 
ligious achievement. 

Religion, in this sense, is not a series of belabored 
efforts for inducing artificial respiration. It is a 
process in which the individual is cast under the spell 
of a lofty experience that sets every nerve alert and 
makes the blood tingle with eagerness and expectancy. 
This is the kind of religion which I want the church to 
impart to my child. 
McPhcrson, Kans. 

better than Simon's. But since love can only be 
measured in service, we have the same opportunity that 
the disciples had who conversed with him along the 
shores of Galilee and on the road to Jerusalem. " Who- 
so hath this world's goods, and beholdeth his brother 
in need, and shutteth up his compassion from him, how 
doth the love of God abide in him?" " Love one an- 
other even as I have loved you " : " By this shall all 
men know that ye are my disciples if ye have love one 
for another." Let us put the loveometer to work and 
see how much it will register in loving sacrificial serv- 
ice toward others, for this is the only way we have of 
measuring our love for the Lord. 
McPherson, Kans. 

The Loveometer 


We have often seen the speedometer which tells us 

how fast we are going, the thermometer which tells us 
how cold or hot it is or how much temperature we 
have and the barometer which tells us about the 

Should we wish to find out about our love toward 
the Christ we should examine the loveometer. How 
high do we register in loving service? "Fullness of 
love is to be judged not by what we tell about him but 
by what we do for him." We find ourselves wishing 
that we had the privilege of showing our love to him 
as the disciples who walked and talked with him. Per- 
haps we think that our love would have stood the test 

Some Brethren Pathfinders 


12. Some Unfaithful Ministers 
Eld. Wolee seems to have demonstrated marked 
ability as a religious leader almost from the very start. 
The little band of believers had been entrusted to his 
care and he fully realized the responsibility resting 
upon him. As the years of experience came to him 
he grew in favor with God and man. Historically 
speaking he was, in company with his friend Abraham 
Hunsaker, the first man on the ground, struck the first 
ax in the interest of the settlement, and was now the 
only resident minister in the community, in charge of 
the first organized church to come upon the scene, 
ready to preach the Gospel, to baptize believers, to 
solemnize marriages and help bury the dead. He ap- 
pears to have been a man of ample means, industrious, 
economical, a thoroughgoing business man, farmer and 
stockraiser. He is also said to have studied medicine, 
political economy and other things that enter into the 
development of state and church. In other words, an 
all round community man, just the sort of a man 
needed in a new, undeveloped country. 

He had from early manhood known much about the 
Bible, and was well acquainted with the history as 
of the Holy Scriptures, especially the New Testament 
well as the faith and practice of the Brethren. Fol- 
lowing his conversion he got right down to the study 
part. He was always a close thinker and a natural 
logician. Into his community moved members from 
other parts, some from Kentucky and others from the 
eastern States. Not a few were received by confession 
and baptism, and as the years came and went the 
church grew in size and influence. 

Eld. Wolfe took a broad view of his mission as a 
leader! He visited and did some preaching for the 
Brethren in Kentucky, 150 miles distant. To the 
southwest of his home, forty miles, and on the other 
side of the Mississippi River, was the small band of 
members, mentioned in a former chapter. This little 
group had been cared for by his old Kentucky friend 
Eld. John Hendricks, who had died in the spnng of 
1813 just as he was getting ready to move with his 
large' family to Missouri. His family, however, made 
the change of location and in the number was a talented 
son named James. It is altogether probable that James 
may have moved in advance of the rest of the family, 
for we find him in the ministry at a very early date, 
maybe before George Wolfe was elected and installed. 
At any rate, Bro. Wolfe visited these members, and on 
Saturday, Oct. 17, 1818, ordained Bro. James Hen- 
dricks to the eldership. The two became very close 
friends and visited each other quite frequently. They 
were both good preachers, prudent elders and watched 
over their flock with fatherly care. As a result there 
were two ideal western churches well lined up with 
the faith and practice of the Brotherhood save in the 
method of observing some of the love feast institutions. 
The two churches also had a good standing with the 
Brotherhood as we shall now see. 

Just about the time of the ordination of Eld. Hen- 
dricks or possibly before, something happened. And 
right here the historian has a task in trying to harmon- 
ize dates. Our early writers were not always dead 
sure about their dates. In a former chapter we said 
something about establishing a church in Shelby Coun- 
ty, Ky., about seventy miles southwest of Cincinnati. 

(Continued on Page 10) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1929 

Character Education 


There is much being thought and considerable said 
and written on the subject of character building in both 
church and school at the present time. Some advo- 
cate there should be formal courses instituted to carry 
on this work. Other people believe that you can not 
teach character as such, but that it is communicated in- 
directly or it is a result acquired. 

The difficulty with the first method of this instruc- 
tion seems to be the stopping with theory and often 
the desired result is not accomplished. Perhaps ad- 
herents of that belief become more interested in their 
form of teaching than in the finished product. Per- 
haps it would be well for teachers in this day of dis- 
cussion of many methods to be more ready to evaluate 
their work by looking more at the results of their labor, 
rather than by such a strict observance of some one's 
theory for some work. 

Depending upon formal instruction alone for char- 
acter building might be compared to a man desiring a 
house built, who spent all his time looking at the blue 
prints, but never stopped to see if the workmen were 
following these directions and thus getting the results 
for which the blue prints were a guide. This question 
of character education has been handled too much like 
much of our legislation for reform. People at times 
have wanted the Bible read in the public schools, with- 
out any thought of the spirit in which this might be 
done or received, just as people have stopped their 
efforts too soon in the matter of reform movements, 
thinking the enactment of a law solved the question. 
That should be only the signal for going to work. Part 
of our trouble over the Eighteenth Amendment comes 
because the righteous people of America quit their 
efforts when the prohibition law went into effect. Had 
we increased our efforts then, and doubled our 
vigilance rather than sitting back and taking it easy, 
conditions would be different. 

We do not lack blue prints for character building 
today. We do need to see that the structure is being 
built according to specifications. People are not failing 
because they do not kjiow, but they are failing because 
we do not have enough determination that the highest 
type of character shall be built into our lives. It is 
just like rearing children. If the parents insist upon 
obedience, the children naturally respect their parents, 
but if some parent follows the erroneous philosophy 
of life in making "it so easy for the child and protecting 
him when the child has strayed from the path of right, 
the parent is not respected and lack of character is in 

In America we do not believe in teaching religion in 
the public schools, but that does not argue that right- 
eousness can not be insisted upon. Even nonpro- 
fessing Christians will insist on real character building 
and are more consistent sometimes than the church 
leader who is so concerned about the form or the 
theory that he neglects the results. Christ taught: 
" By their fruits shall ye know them." The teaching 
of the New Testament, "The letter killeth but the 
spirit maketh alive," comes into this question for some 
real serious and straight thinking. It is much more 
what we insist upon than what we advocate that de- 
termines the effectiveness of our building and teaching. 
Home, school, and church have respective places in 
the matter of character building. ■ " As a twig is bent 
so grows the tree." " Train up a child in the way he 
should go and when he is old he will not depart from 
it." The parents who really love their children enough 
that they can chastise them at the first signs of error 
have the easy task and make it easier for the other or- 
ganizations of society. Besides, they reap the reward 
of the respect of their children throughout life and de- 
light in the blessing their children are to society. Of 
course, we are all ready to have sympathy and com- 
passion for the godly parent of a wayward-child, but 
the erring child of a saintly father or mother is the ex- 
ception rather than the rule. The earlier in life par- 
ents check-up on their children the-easier the task, just 
like bending the young twig. 

The purpose of the public schools in enlightened 
America today is not to be concerned about the theory 

of character building,, but to help in the check-up and 
see that the specifications are followed. Let us insist 
that the teachers of our public schools are persons of 
real Christian character. Let us give them support and 
encouragement and insist that they do not teach theory, 
but are ever alert and vigilant that the highest concep- 
tion of right conduct may be followed in their work 
with young people. 

Of course, we recognize the church as being a mighty 
force for righteousness and look to it for the inspira- 
tion for giving us courage in standiug for the right. 
And she will continue to lead us on to higher ideals and 
better characters. 

Lake Odessa, Mich. 

Christian Youth 


We are living in a day when changes come swiftly 
and with scant warning. Especially is this true of 
young people. Theirs is the March-day of life. In 
no other period of human history has there been such 
an urgent necessity for preparation for activities in 
human life. Young people with strong bodies, strong 
minds, strong hearts and strong wills are in demand 
everywhere. Youth has something to give to the 
world. They owe something to the world. If a life is 
rightly lived and gains its true significance it must be 
considered as a measure to be filled and not as a cup 
to be drained. In order that this conception of life and 
duty may be fulfilled the youth of today must be 
trained not only in hand and mind but in spirit. Our 
God-given powers must be disciplined or they will be 
demoralized. The tendency of worldly influences is 
to pull down rather than to lift up. 

Youth has in every age contributed something to the 
welfare of the race. In all ages of the world's history 
young people have filled posts of honor and responsi- 
bility. They have heroically faced the problems o-f 
their age and solved them, thereby gaining the world's 
ear and creating a place for themselves in spite of 
obstacles. This is true with respect to all departments 
of human endeavor. The Bible abounds with exam- 
ples of heroic youths. Joseph was prime minister of 
Egypt at the age of twenty-seven; Daniel was given 
the third power in the great Kingdom of Babylon and 
was scarcely thirty; David was anointed King of Israel 
at the age of sixteen; Samuel was called at eleven; 
Timothy was but a lad when Paul found him; Ruth 
and Esther were but maidens when they figured so 
heroically in the tragic history of Israel. 

While this is true in all departments of life, it has 
only been recently discovered it seems by the church. 
Youth is the only sufficient material out of which to 
build a healthy growing church. In many cases this 
fact has been ignored both by the young person and 
the adult. It is fortunate, however, that within recent 
years the church has awakened to the sense of her 
responsibility and has made an effort toward de- 
veloping the youth and training them for Christian 
leadership. Churches, like armies, live by conquest; 
when conquest ceases, mutiny begins. The one who 
wins in this contest, whether a church or an individual 
life, is the one who has previously prepared. The 
training for the commonplace is the training for the 

The Young People's Department is the Christian 
Youth Movement for Christ and the Church. It is an 
organization of young people in the Evangelical 
churches of the world. In 1881 a few young people 
under the leadership of the late Francis E. Clark of 
Portland, Maine, organized the first society. This 
movement has grown until in its various forms at 
present there are well over eighty thousand societies 
comprising a membership of over five millions of 
young people who are actively engaged in Christian 
work. These five million prefer a life of Christian 
work rather than a life of ease and enjoyment. 

The Young People's Department is the greatest de- 
partment of the church to prepare this material for 
construction. It is practically our only training agency. 
It takes the youth at six years of age, when the mind 
is susceptible to lasting impressions, and teaches him 
in the Junior Department that God, as a good Father 

can be trusted and that he should place his trust in him. 
Then during the teen age before one has chosen his 
life's work, the Intermediate Department cautions him 
against the allurements of sin; induces him to choose 
the best companions, and teaches him cooperation in 
committee work and develops in him self-reliance and 
leadership. The Senior Department brings him into 
closer relationship with the church and through vari- 
ous programs into closer fellowship with our Lord 

Surely there are none who _wi.ll fail to apprehend 
the importance of this great department of the church. 
No church is complete in its organization unless it has 
made preparation to care for its young people. Young 
people owe their best to Christ and the church and 
many are looking for a place where they may definitely 
serve him. It is worth our greatest effort to see to it 
that each church is organized to adequately care for 
this need. 

Zanesville, Ind. t ^ t 

Men's Work 

A Serious Question 

Mr. Fred T. Barnett, a member of the General 
Board of Lay Activities of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church South, directed a question to me the other day, 
which has caused me considerable reflection ever since 
on the status of Men's Work in our church as far as 
sympathy for the movement is concerned as exhibited 
by our general church organization. 

As in a few other denominations, Men's Work in 
our church was conceived and organized by a group of 
laymen, who, having witnessed the work which is be- 
ing done by men in other churches in a more or less 
organized manner, and feeling the desire to become 
of greater service to our own denomination, felt that. 
in the absence of a definite men's program in our 
church, the time had come that something in a tangible ■' 
way should be done which would give the rank and file 
of our men a desire and an opportunity to give ex- 
pression to a fuller consecration. 

From time to time the readers of the Gospel Mes- 
senger have become acquainted with the development 
of Men's Work in our -church. While the members 
of the National Council have been rather disappointed 
in the slow progress of the work, several of our church 
leaders, better acquainted with the characteristics of 
our people, have expressed themselves as being satis- 
fied that this new department of church work, even 
with much effort, will grow slowly. For many decades 
our church government has been ecclesiastical to the 
extreme. The Lay leadership has never been de- 
veloped to any appreciable extent within our denomina- 
tion. Business and interdenominational activities are 
mainly responsible for what leadership we have at 
present among our laymen. Any new activity in our 
church meets invariably with a native adversion to 
unfamiliar things, born out of our well known con- 
servatism and adhesion to habits of inductive thought. 
This is a situation which is often safe and wholesome, 
but one which may prevent us from the enjoyment of 
real service in unexplored fields. Most of us can re- 
member, for instance, the hard sledding the Sunday- 
school movement had in many sections of our Brother- 
hood. The question of the desirability of Men's Work 
in any denomination is antiquated. To my personal 
knowledge a dozen of the leading denominations are 
devoting much time and considerable finance to the 
promotion of this phase of church work. At least in 
some cases, the success of" the movement will to a 
large extent determine the growth of the church. 

Now back to Mr. Barnett's question: "How does 
the ministry of your church take to Men's Work?" 

My personal contacts and a correspondence with 
some few hundred churches causes me to say that our 
ministerial leadership as a whole maintains towards 
Men's Work an attitude of " nonresistance," a most 
admirable quality especially when exercised in causes 
deserving such treatment. I have observed, however, 
that this " tolerance " is exchanged for enthusiastic 
support every time knowledge concerning the purposes 
and operation of Men's Work is acquired. A " real " 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1929 

pastor invariably becomes a Men's Work promoter. 
He welcomes the opportunity to multiply his own spir- 
itual activity and leadership in the congregation. It 
is better to set ten men to work than to do the work 
of ten men. As the spiritual leader and chief executive 
of the congregation he may be rightly expected to have 
a real and definite measure of responsibility for, and 
be glad to make a personal contribution to the impor- 
tant activities of a Men's Work organization, especial- 
ly those which are distinctively spiritual and evangel- 
istic in character. As far as the General Church Or- 
ganization is concerned, I can see that the time is not 
far distant when the utmost concern will be exercised 
for the healthy growth of this new department of the 
church. While General Conference now for several 
years has good-naturedly given its approval to the 
movement, it may soon recognize it as a major activity, 
in the administration of which it is vitally interested. 

The church, it is conceded by those who think seri- 
ously about its continued life, must soon wage a vigor- 
ous campaign to enlist its manhood through a men's 
organization with a service motive. The endeavor of 
the church to modify its machinery to meet the de- 
mands of modern conditions is not alarming, but rather 
a sign of life. The development of this men's organi- 
zation on a national scale bringing laymen and preach- 
ers into a closer cooperation in the support of the total 
task of the church surely deserves the serious atten- 
tion of all who have the welfare of our beloved Broth- 
erhood at heart. 

5^(? So. Lalinidale Ave., Chicago, III. 

The Choice of Music for the Home 


Music long ago became a welcome interest of the 
family in practically every home. Only a short time 
ago we found how possible it is to bring this beautiful 
art into our homes even if we, personally, neither play 
nor sing, for by the miracle of musical reproducing 
instruments the greatest artists of the world have be- 
come living realities. The greatest miracle of recent 
years is, the music in the air, as we often sing — and 
we can bring it right into our homes. 

The radio, though still in the experimental stage, is 
undoubtedly the most important musical medium in 
the home today. Familiarity with good music is all 
that is needed to develop a real understanding of good 
music and make it become popular. Radio stations 
have found that the musical part of their programs is 
the most popular feature. It is important that we con- 
sider most seriously the music in the air and decide 
just what sort of music we wish to come out of the 
air into the home. 

At a recent biennial convention, the General Federa- 
tion of Women's Clubs passed the following resolution 
regarding the radio : 

" Whereas, the broadcasting by radio of musical pro- 
grams is bringing into practically every home a direct 
musical message, thus stimulating an interest in the best 
music of the world, and whereas the greatest success 
has been achieved by those singing in the English lan- 
guage the good songs by American composers, and 
whereas the American homes should be protected from 
cheap, vulgar and obscene songs, 

" Be it resolved that this organization pledges its 
support to those publishers of American music who are 
working in cooperation with the radio broadcasting 
stations that are striving to maintain radio programs 
which shall make known the works of American com- 
posers and will bring to the American public through 
the air the best music in the world." 

Now this resolution must be something we all ac- 
knowledge or it will be of little good to anyone. 

In many homes the radio has become a plaything, 
with the main question just how many stations can be 
gotten in one evening. Thus it is not the message, but 
from where it comes that counts. Now it is so much 
more worth while to listen to the whole of a concert 
program than to hop aimlessly all over the land getting 
mere snatches of this, that and the other. Make it a 
point to listen to your radio. Find out the stations 
that are giving the best musical programs and bring 
these into your home. Choose only those that present 

worthy musical compositions. Radio stations are 
anxious to know just what kind of music the public 
really wants, and to give pleasing programs. If you 
want good music from the air, ask for it. 

It is said that America has more musical instruments 
in the home than any other country, and more money 
has been spent on the musical education of American 
children than on those of any other land ; yet in almost 
every home Johnnie or Susie practices with one eye 
on the clock and thoughts far afield. We have taken 
the wrong attitude toward music. We have never 
made it a part of our daily lives. To really enjoy good 
music one must try to know its message. Hence a 
child must first be given music to hear which he can 
understand, as well as those compositions which will 
serve as models for later imitation. Music which is 
simple in form and has a clearly defined rhythm is the 
best for little children at first. Simple folk songs will 
serve this purpose quite as well as the nursery airs. 
Folk music should be used far oftener in the home, not 
only on account of its rare beauty and musical worth, 
but also because it stimulates the imagination of the 

Little girls instinctively sing a crooning song while 
rocking the doll. By means of pictures and dolls in 
various costumes of other lands, she will soon learn 
that while all mothers rock their babies to sleep, the 
lullabies of different lands are as different as the 
clothes worn by the baby and its mother. Little boys 
like to know that the sailors and soldiers of different 
lands sing different songs. When Geography lessons 
begin, the child who knows folk music will have a 
greater interest in the different peoples of the earth 
and he will find that many of the songs he knows are 
connected with the countries he is studying. The wise 
mother who starts her child with an earnest desire to 
know the best poems in literature will soon find music 
her best aid in making these poems remembered, and 
she will at the same time instil a love for poetic ex- 
pression in music and for beautiful form which will 
continue throughout the life of the child. Good songs 
of this type are " The Year's at the Spring " (Beach), 
"Little Boy Blue" (Nevin), "The Arrow and the 
Song" (Pinsuti), and "Ring Out Wild Bells" 

Why is jazz a type of music we do not care to cul- 
tivate? In order to have good music one must have 
balance in perfect proportion of rhythm, melody and 
harmony— the three basic elements of music. We can 
put our rhythmic line out of joint, as it were, through 
syncopation and keep our control of the musical ele- 
ments through melody and harmony, but when all three 
are put out of focus we produce something which is 
not music at all. Modern musicians recognized that the 
influence of good music was lost when rhythm, melody 
and harmony were put out of tone with one another. 

The cause for the jazz craze has been explained in 
this manner. After every war there is a period when 
old customs and conventions are discarded. During 
such a period there is a frank rebellion against existing 
conditions of form and expression. It is but natural 
that the great feeling of unrest that has broken down 
old ideas, old regimes and orders all over the world 
should have taken some definite form in music as well 
as in other arts. The people of America have shown 
their Bolshevism in their disregard for the basic ele- 
ments of music, and American jazz has been the result. 
Welfare workers testify that the jazz expression is far 

from safe. We all know the human organism responds 
to musical vibrations. We have all felt that music has 
inspired us to deeds of valor, has invoked martial en- 
thusiasm in our hearts, has brought us dreams of hap- 
piness and contentment, has aroused our religious en- 
thusiasm, has brought joy to our households, has 
brought us the best message of love, has been from the 
earliest lullaby sung by our mothers, to the death 
march, a part of our lives. When we think of all 
these moods that music has stimulated, we will recall 
that every composition which has stirred our better 
nature has been music in which rhythm, melody and 
harmony have been simple, straightforward and clearly 
defined. The human organism then responds to musi- 
cal vibrations. What happens when we throw our 
rules of rhythm, melody and harmony to the winds? 

Jazz disorganizes regular law and order, and it does 
affect the human organism in ways that should not be 
disregarded by parents. Good syncopation is an ex- 
cellent antidote for jazz. 

What about the type of music in your home? Is there 
any you can do without? It is time we cleaned house. 
Survey the undesirable music and dispose of it. We 
may be surprised at results but it is time we know how 
much money has been wasted on materials unworthy 
of our consideration. Doubtless we have spent money 
unwisely in the past, for our latest so-called best sellers 
remain in favor such a short time that a great deal of 
money must be spent to keep in style with popular 
music. In some communities an effort has been 
launched which will help overcome this difficulty. 

Thus one week has been set aside and designated as 
-music week, during which time special community ac- 
tivities are featured, and the result so far has been a 
noticeable increase of interest in good music. This 
plan, if properly carried out, will help fill music cabi- 
nets with music worthy of a permanent place in our 
homes. Music memory contests have been conducted 
through the schools and it was found that the best lis- 
teners and winners in these contests are the children 
who know the compositions from daily life and experi- 
ence of hearing them and singing them in their own 

It is suggested that mothers make a game out of this 
plan, taking one period a day in which they play a 
good composition for their children, telling them the 
story of the music, its title, what it means and some- 
thing of interest about the composer. On one day of 
the week play all five of the compositions your children 
have heard on the five other days. Give a little prize 
to the one able to give the name of each composer, the 
composition of each, and the nationality of each com- 
poser. A special prize should be given at the end of 
the month when the monthly contest is held. This 
music period should be a regular part of the daily life 
in the home and can easily be adjusted to include fa- 
ther as well as the children. 

Sunday afternoon might be used for hymn memory 
contests and this would add greatly to the appreciation 
of good religious music. One family has made the 
period of morning worship a time of real interest for 
the little ones who were inclined to be restless and in- 
attentive, by using hymns which they have previously 
memorized and of which they have learned the history. 
The gratifying result of such an experiment is that 
your children are eager to play and sing for themselves 
the numbers which you have given them in these little 
memory games. 

The obligation of parents to their children in rela- 
tion to the music in the home is therefore increased to 
an amazing extent, and it is no wonder that some of us 
stand perplexed before the situation. Yet there are 
certain compositions which have become so much a 
part of our daily lives that they stamp us with a certain 
illiteracy if we do not know their names and origin. 
Nothing will help us more to prevent this condition of 
heing a handicap to our children than a judicious study 
of certain musical compositions in the home. 

Since the massage of music can be easily understood 
by all, and since certain airs make one gay and happy, 
others reflect moods of sadness and contemplation, 
while some music makes us dream of love and still 
other music stirs our patriotism, so there is a definite 
type of music that makes a direct appeal to our minds 


„.id hearts as an expression of religion. There is one 
question every parent should ask in all sincerity : " Can 
one instil a reverence and a love for the best ideals 
of religion and right living better than through the use 
of good music in the home?" History shows that music 
has always played an important part in religion. Be- 
fore Christ's time the Hebrews made music a. large 
part of their services. The kings and prophets of the 
Old Testament express the power of music. The 
Hebrew people learned the art during their days of 
bondage in Egypt, and music was an important part 
in the service of Solomon's temple. Down through the 
ages much of this music has been carefully guarded 
and it is possible for us to hear today in some of the 
orthodox Jewish chants, music which was doubtless 

(Continued on Page 12) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1929 


Pensions for Preachers 

Cast me not off in time of old age; forsake me not when 
my strength faileth. — David. 

Having been invited by the Secretary of the Metho- 
dist Pension Board, Dr. Stafford, to meet with the sec- 
retaries of the various Pension Boards of the Protestant 
churches on Nov. 26 in New York City, I accepted the 
invitation and will give in this article some things I 
gleaned from this conference that I think may be help- 
ful to our church. 

I wish to say first of all, that every church represen- 
tative, in spite of mistakes that had been made, seemed 
enthusiastic over the success attained. There seemed 
to be a manifestation of inner joy in the opportunity 
the church has "and especially the laymen of the 
church," in ministering to those who have sacrificed 
the best of their lives for the church. 

The first necessity in establishing a sound and ade- 
quate pension plan, is to consider the years of prior 
service for the men in the ministry for whom no pay- 
ments have been made. This is a serious responsi- 
bility and is very difficult to meet in full. It is neces- 
sary to have a substantial principal sum the income 
from which can be drawn on for this purpose. 

In case of supported pastors the general rule is that 
the pastor contributes 2]/i% of his support and the lo- 
cal church 7y2% making 10% of each minister's sup- 
port going into this fund. The minister's contribution 
not only helps to increase the fund but takes away the 
sting of charity. 

In most of the Boards they include teachers of col- 
leges and seminaries as well as missionaries and ex- 
ecutives of all church owned institutions. All boards 
were united in the idea of one plan for the whole 
church rather than to have sectional pension plans for 
various departments. 

There are in all Protestant churches in America and 
Canada, 2S.743 who are at this time beneficiaries. The 
average retirement age is 65 years. The amount paid 
varies, but is generally $500 to $600 annually. 

Interest on a principal sum accumulates rapidly and 
is supposed to pay 54% of the total benefits while 
the minister and the church together pay 46%. 

Twenty denominations have put into operation pen- 
sion plans, most of them in the last decade and I know 
of none who have ceased to operate. The sum of $10,- 
000 dedicated to such a worthy cause would insure 
support of a faithful minister when he is retired be- 
cause of age. What a challenge to laymen ! 

One of America's foremost railways in a recent full- 
page advertisement in a popular magazine stated that 
since 1900 more than $52,000,000 has been paid in pen- 
sions, 20,000 employees retired under the plan and that 
8,769 people now living are receiving the benefits of 
their pension fund. 

The public school teacher is now assured of a com- 
petency in old age or disability. School systems write 
this provision into their plans and budgets as a part of 
the regular business procedure in conducting public 

The U. S. government's civil sen-ice retirement fund 
authorized in 1920 is indicative of the spirit of the 
times in reference to pension thinking. 

It is now generally conceded that public serv- 
ants are to be protected, at least in part, against the 
economic risks of life. In no profession similar to 
the ministry is the peak of income reached prior to 
the age of fifty, as it is in the ministry. 

In business or in the professions, a man is just get- 
ing well settled for real prosperity at that age. The 
experience of the doctors, lawyers or bankers over fif- 
ty years of age makes their counsel sought in prefer- 
ence to the younger man. In view of all the facts in 
the case, it is not strange that one of the most rapid de- 
velopments of recent years has been the growth of the 
church pension fund. 

I could go on writing, but suffice it to say when an 
emergency arises we pass the hat, which is commenda- 

ble. I remember when a good brother out in Kansas 
lost all he had by fire — only seven shocks of corn left 
and nothing to feed it to — the neighbors passed the 
hat, as it were, and made it possible for him to buy 
more horses and farm implements. 

How much better when by means of a proper pen- 
sion plan, it cometh to pass that upon the loss or im- 
pairment of the faculties there followeth not the un- 
doing of any man, but the burden lighteth rather 
easily upon many than heavily upon a few. 

It is my conviction that a pension plan that is ac- 
tuarially safe, financially sound, is adequate and equita- 
ble for all our ministers can be worked out on the 
same general lines that other churches have followed 
and that there is sufficient potential interest among the 
membership of our churches to make such a plan pos- 

We ask our young men and women ministers and 
missionaries to give up opportunities to accumulate 
the comforts of life and devote themselves wholly to the 
work of the church. On what principle of justice can we 
ask so much of them if we who are giving attention 
to remunerative occupations do not make some pro- 
vision to see that they do not suffer when they become 
incapacitated while in service for the church? 
Chicago, III. J , „, . 

The Dangers of Dogmatic Teaching 


Teachers, preachers and their assistants are only 
human beings, and as such they have their limitations 
of patience and endurance. They can not always pre- 
serve their poise and equanimity. This is particularly 
true in the mission center or down-town city church 
where humanity must be met in its worst aspects. A 
young man who is frequently called from his bed at 
night to solve some problem connected with his work as 
assistant pastor, recently indulged in some very sweep- 
ing assertions in regard to the current press ovations 
tendered to aviators and the authors of " best sellers." 
Speaking of the fact that we seem to emphasize and 
place value upon everything except the things which 
we should value, as moral and spiritual beings, he said : 

" Jesus never wrote a word, so far as we can learn, 
except when he wrote in the sand in the presence of 
the Pharisees. He lived the religion he taught and, if 
we will do the same there will be no time for writing." 

But what if there had been no one to record the 
deeds and the life teaching? What if no one had ex- 
pressed the echoes which his life raised in the hu- 
man soul ? Had there been no writers we would have 
no Bible ; and, had there been no Bible we would have 
no foundation for Christianity. It is as natural for 
some persons to express their bits of faith and spir- 
itual knowledge in the printed page as it is for others 
to give them verbal expression. 

Paul spoke of the " foolishness of preaching " and 
there is the same foolishness of writing, the same fool- 
ishness of teaching Sunday-school classes and doing 
pastoral work, of leading meetings and offering public 
prayer and comment. There may be some truth in the 
words of Carlyle, who said : " Every time a man 
speaks of noble deeds, especially if he does so in words 
of eloquence, he loses a part of his ability to perform 
them." There is some foolishness in all our efforts, 
but we can not believe that all is foolishness and we 
have no right to judge the motives or the results of 
any other's work. 

" Every boy has his bicycle in a tree, practising avia- 
tion," continued this consecrated worker. " He wants 
to be a ' flying fool,' to escape the dull routine and 
responsibilities of life and do something bizarre and 

It is not strange that such outbursts come from those 
who work as earnestly as did some of the early mar- 
tyrs, to get a vision of the Christ ideal before the 
young life of this day. But there is danger in the dog- 
matic attitude. There is danger in invective, and con- 
demnation, and in the judging of any effort which is 
put forth by others. The spirit of modern youth is 
particularly impatient with such judgments and there 
seems to be no room for negative criticism of any 

Another dogmatic tendency of the teacher is to em- 
phasize the appeal for church loyalty rather than the 
appeal to a personal following of the Christ. It may 
be of doubtful value to say to a young person: "It is 
your duty to uphold and support the church." But 
never, so far as we are able to believe, will it be useless 
to preach " Christ and him crucified," to challenge 
youth with the heroism of discipleship. 

It is impossible for the teacher who has real zeal in 
Christian service to escape these spasms of dogmatic 
feeling. But we must remember that they are liable 
to defeat the very end we have in view. Nothing but 
patience in the teaching of true heroism will bring last- 
ing results. Nothing but reliance upon his words, " I 
will draw all men," can keep us always on the side of 
careful, reverent teaching. 

Kansas City, Mo. 



i. It Is Not Fear. 

"What will people think?" "What will they say 
if I join the church?" Such questions reveal a fear 
of public opinion, and action is regulated by the antici- 
pation of its dictates. Fear asks: Is it safe? Is it 
good policy? Is it popular? Not: Is it right? Fear 
is always selfish. 
//. It Is Not the Holy Spirit. 

Men's consciences prompt differently, but the voice 
of the Holy Spirit is always true and right. Militarists 
believe honestly in a large army and navy; pacifists do 
not. One or the other, or both, must be wrong. As 
we grow in grace and knowledge, the Holy Spirit re- 
veals a progressively larger field of truth. Then con- 
science, not the Holy Spirit, changes. 
in. It Is Moral Self-judgment. 

Conscience reflects the degree of our insight into 
moral problems. It speaks what we've trained it to 
speak. It will not automatically produce infinite wis- 
dom upon request. Hence the Master said : " Go, 
teach." And hence religious education comes to have 
great significance. 

But its " voice " will constantly give better advice 
as we educate our spiritual ears to more efficiently de- 
tect the messages of the Spirit of Truth. " Labor to 
keep alive . . . that little spark of celestial fire 
called conscience." 

Carleton, Nebr. 

A Book Reviewed 

The following book review was prepared by J. E. Miller, Literary 
Editor for the Brethren Publishing House. Any book reviewed in 
these columns, and any others you wish to order, may be purchased 
through the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111.— Ed. 

"The Religion of Religious Psychology," by Charles Cal- 
vert Ellis, has been revised and enlarged, and so covers a 
larger field than before. The author reviews a number of. 
books on psychology and evaluates them as they deal with 
the fundamentals of the Christian religion. The aim and 
purpose of the book is well stated in these words : 

"The humblest Christian in our churches has a right to 
know whether the ' Director of Religious Education ' has 
been getting his training under men who have led him 
toward or away from ' the faith once delivered to the 
saints.' Efficiency is not the first word in religious educa- 
tion. The more efficient the more dangerous is a wrong 
education. The platform of religious education is more 
significant than the program. Therefore, let us examine 
not only the psychology, but the theology upon which it 
rests. This study, it is hoped, will be a stimulus to many 
to do so." 

Those who have followed the trend in the teaching of 
some leaders in religious education will appreciate what 
Dr. Ellis has done for them on this subject. Not infre- 
quently one hears a religious education leader speak of the 
older psychology as all wrong and not worthy of study and 
of the newer psychology as absolutely infallible. Unless 
leaders in religious education are first deeply religious one 
need not expect religion to have a fundamental part in the 
program they are fostering. 

Equally valuable with the books that are discussed is the 
classification covering three pages in which the author lists : 

1. Books Antagonistic to Evangelical Teaching. 

2. Books Rather Neutral or Ambiguous. 

3. Books Favorable to the Fundamentals. 

This is a paper bound volume of 64 pages and sells for 
50 cents. Ministers and teachers of religion will appreciate 
" The Religion of Religious Psychology." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1929 


Very Unusual 


Aunt Cynthia was washing dishes when she asked : 
" Are you going to have chicken for dinner on Sun- 
day?" Ruth Ann deliberately placed some of the 
dishes in the china closet before she said anything. 
Aunt Cynthia spoke of the lettuce and radishes and 
other things which could be served. They could not 
invite all Truman Barton's father's friends, for that 
would take in the entire church. His father was one 
of their best ministers. She had the right to presume 
that they would entertain the minister for they usually 
did. The church expected Ruth Ann to invite the 
strangers to her house, she thought of it as a service to 
the Lord. So long as Aunt Cynthia, her housekeeper, 
was willing, the Spring Run church was a hospitable 
church. Everybody who could be out would be at 
church to hear Truman Barton preach. Imagine Aunt 
Cynthia's surprise when Ruth Ann said at last: "I 
rather think I'll go to Uncle William Lambert's on 
Sunday," then without waiting for Aunt Cynthia's 
reply, she went up stairs. 

Aunt Cynthia wondered, but nothing more was 
said ; usually these two women living alone, took time 
to talk and reconsider matters in their leisurely un- 
hurried days. On Saturday, the unexpected happened ; 
Ruth Ann slipped on a wet board in the garden path. 
She was not seriously hurt by her fall, but she had 
to lie on the couch for several days. Aunt Cynthia 
telephoned Uncle William Lamberts the news of the 
accident. Ruth Ann was always well, it was almost 
embarrassing to have pepple call to inquire how sfie 
was. She insisted on Aunt Cynthia's going to Sunday- 
school on Sunday morning. 

" I am not sick, and these bruises are not serious, so 
you are going and I want you to stay for church." 
This was rather peremptory, coming from Ruth Ann, 
whose meekness was proverbial. 

After Aunt Cynthia had gone, Ruth Ann lay on the 
couch going over in her mind a transaction of twenty 
years' standing. It had troubled her from the time she 
heard that Truman Barton was coming to preach. 
She could see again his father as he stood in this very 
room, and in his most persuasive tones, urged her to 
lend him three hundred dollars. When he artfully 
suggested that she give it to him without security as 
he would pay it back in less than a year, she consented. 
After that he never once referred to the debt, he went 
to another church four months after she had given 
him the loan. She wrote to him, because she needed 
that money ; he never answered ; she was powerless to 
collect. She never told any one about her loss, but she 
knew that he paid other debts because he was obliged 
to do so. She was not holding the son for his father's 
sin of omission, but she did not want to meet him. 
Just then she heard some one at the front door, slowly 
she moved towards the hall and opened it. There 
stood Truman Barton, he looked like his father. She 
invited him to come in and sit down. He told her 
he was sorry to learn of her accident; she assured him 
that she was not much hurt, it was not serious. Then 
he leaned forward in the big chair as if he had come 
to say something : 

" Mrs. Lambert, I have come to you on a matter of 
business even on Sunday morning. About twenty 
years ago, my father borrowed three hundred dollars 
.from you, did he not?" 
" He did." 

" You have no security whatever." 
" I was powerless to collect one cent." 
Very deliberately the young man opened a worn 
bill folder and took from it a roll of banknotes which 
he laid on the arm of Ruth's chair. With a smile, he 
said, " I believe you will find the sum there with six 
per cent interest. It seemed imperative that I complete 
my college course which accounts for this late pay- 

Ruth Ann looked at him with the strangest expres- 
sion on her face. " Don't you know that the debt is 
outlawed by every law in our land by this time? I 
have no right to take this money." 

She noticed that his hands were the hands of a 
working man, his father's had been soft and white. This 
young man's face had lines of experience, perhaps 
trouble, it looked worn and older than his years war- 
ranted. He answered her gravely, " Christ's teaching 
does not outlaw it, you know that. This is your money 
and I am glad to pay what I consider a debt of honor." 
" Then all I can say is this, you have made me feel 
that I did right in lending the money to your father. 
I may have sometimes regretted — " He had risen, 
and with a warm hand clasp and a " God bless you," 
he was gone. 

Ruth Ann sat down, more bewildered than she had 
ever been over any misunderstanding in the Sister's 
Aid Society or any problem in her Willing Worker's 
class. The unknown quantities in this problem puzzled 
her. How did this young man come to have such a 
high sense of honor? He needed that money himself, 
his soles were thin, the cloth on his back was shiny, his 
tie was old. Had she been in his place, she would not 
have felt that she must pay this debt. He had said 
something about Christ's standards of honesty, when 
he gave her the money. She looked at the roll of bills, 
it represented courage and faith in an ideal, for it was 
earned by this boy. He had taken upon himself the 
task to make up the shortcomings of his father. She 
could not accept his sacrifice. 

When Aunt Cynthia came home, Ruth Ann gave her 
a large envelope, " Put this into the hands of Truman 
Barton, tell him I sent it." Aunt Cynthia hurried back 
to the church with the envelope, she gave it to the min- 
ister as Ruth Ann had directed. The envelope con- 

tained the money payment of debt and interest, also 
a card. On it was written; "You have discharged 
your father's debt. This is for your own personal 

Neiv Windsor, Md. 

Will the Old Church Prosper Too? 

(Dedicated to the Old Koobley Church of West Virginia) 

When the muffled earth is hushed to rest 

'Neath the blankets of ice and snow, 
And over the hills and vales and rills 

The raging tempests blow — 
O say, dear friend, as you humbly sit 

In the glare of your hearth-fire glow, 
When the Sabbath dawns as a day of prayer, 

Will the old church also glow? 

When springtime comes and the south wind blows, 

And the skies are bright and fair; 
When the logs are burned and the sod is turned, 

And tfie birds sing everywhere; 
When the lilac blooms about your door, 

And the dogwood fills the air — 
O say, dear friend, as you sow your seed, 

Will the old church get its share? 

When summer's sun, her course to run, 

Is flooding the world so fair; 
And the woods and fields are drooping low 

With a glory beyond compare; 
When all your fields and flocks and flowers 

Are calling for love and care — 
O say, dear friend, as you sow your seed, 

Will the old church get its share? 

When autumn shines with its laden vines 

And leaves of every hue; 
When the lowing herd is again at the bar, 

And the flocks are gathered too; 
When the golden grain is garnered in 

And God has prospered you — 
O say. dear friend, e'er you settle down, 

Will the old church prosper too? 

Batavia, III. 



Some time ago three young men decided to spend a 
day on the island in the Susquehanna River. So they 
hired a boat at the shore and rowed across the channel 
to the spot of their choice. After spending a few 
hours pleasantly together it was lunch time. One of 
the boys volunteered to go down to the boat and get the 
basket which contained their eats. 

Now when they got out of the boat they took the 
oars and cast them on the sandy beach. While this 
one companion was in the boat getting the basket, in 
some way the chain which held the boat became de- 
tached from its anchor, and the boat started to drift 
down stream. When the young lad saw his plight he 
called to his mates but they were out of hearing. 

At last, feeling that Harry had been gone a long 
time and should be back, they decided to go down and 
investigate. To their chagrin and awful realization 
they saw their mate drifting down stream, helpless, 
with the falls in imminent view. 

Here is the lesson, Heb. 2:1: " Therefore, we ought 
to give the more earnest heed to the things that we 
have heard lest haply we drift away from them." We 
look round about us and we see our brethren and sis- 
ters drifting on every hand. Drifting with the chan- 
nel, drifting with the world. They have lost their 
moorings, their little craft has slipped from its anchor, 
and the saddest of all happenings to them is that pos- 
sibly they have lost their oars of faith and prayer, and 
can not stem the tide. They feel now their hopeless 
condition (maybe) and perhaps they do not see the 
precipice just ahead of them which is likely to swallow 
them up in eternal woe. We stand on the bank, we 
look after them, we express our pity, we see their mis- 
take, but who will go to the rescue? Many souls, es- 
pecially among the younger members, now drifting 
from the things once known and practiced, might he 
saved by those who stand on shore and look, if we 
would but launch out after them with the necessary 
equipment required to bring them back again to the 
fold. Why not quickly get into Our own little ships 
and sail after them, taking their oars over to them and 
help them row their own boat back to shore again? 
Who will go to their rescue? 

York, Pa. ^_^^___ 

Yes, " Silliness " 


At a recent mother and daughter's banquet the 
speaker of the evening announced her subject as: 
"The Adventure of a Mother and Daughter Friend- 
ship." Among other things she said that three power- 
ful aids in establishing bonds of friendship between 
parents and children were confidence, secrets and " silli- 
ness " — with considerable emphasis on the " silliness." 
She said many parents ignored or scorned it, but that 
it is needed to relieve tension and drive away defeat, 
especially in this day when the world rushes so madly 
on at a breakneck speed. 

I had a good chance to test the truth of this state- 
ment the other day. A Mexican friend had helped 
set the house in order for Sunday, everything was 
spick and span by noon. Shortly after one of the girls 
exclaimed: "Mamma, look at the front porch!" 

It was littered from one end to the other with paper 
cuttings. The twins had been cutting out pictures and 
found the porch a cool shady place in which to do it. 

" Well, those boys will simply have to clean up their 
mess," I replied. 

" If I can just inject enough of that ' silliness ' to 
make it interesting, we will get along alright," I said 
to myself, as I went in search of the offenders. I soon 
beheld them playing in their " cave " in the backyard. 
" David, Daniel, come here right quick," I called. My 

(Continued on Page 11) 




Calendar for Sunday, January 6 

n„r Heavenlv Father.— Matt. 6: 
Sunday-.chool Le..o», Our Heave . 

E. C. 

24 ct.u» w«w «-**■ R «°' uti0 " s in Acti ° n 

.J. * * * 
Gains for the Kingdom 

Seven added to the Bellwood **?*■»■ 
Three baptism, in the Figarden church CahL 
Tw o baptisms in the M=r"ngton chur^Canada. 
Four baptisms in the Denton church. Md„ Bro 
Woodie, pastor-evangehst. 

Four baptisms in the Portis church, Kans., Bro 
Jarboc and wife, evangelists. 

Fourteen baptisms in the Hamsonburg church, a., 

D . H. Miller, P""^, c hurcb, Calif., Bro. Leo 

Four baptisms in the Raisin uty 
Miller of Fresno, Calif., evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Barman church, W. Va, 
T-i ~* Fninn W Va., evangelist. 

F to baplms^n the Bethe, Center church. In., Bro. 
Zigler of Portland, Irid., evangelist. . 

Three baptisms in the Woodbury church. Pa., Bro. M. C. 
Swigart of Philadelphia, Pa., evangelist. 

Tw o baptisms in the Battle Creek church, lb*, Bro. 
Harper Snavelv of Shamokin, Pa., evangelist. 

eTX. baptisms in the Snake Spring Valley church, Pa., 
Bro D O Cottrel. of New Enterprise, Pa., evangelist 

* * * * 

Our Evangelists 

,. M» l„dc» which thee laborer, carry? Will >ou 
Wi)1 ,., »l»'e r '^ Io b r "^° s r c C „ „, ,he,e meeti**.? 

Bro O H Au.tin and wife of McPherson, Kans.. to be- 
J fTa'n M in the Walnut Grove church, Johnstown, Pa. 

Bro M J Brougher of Grcensburg, Pa., to be in a meet- 
i„g"n January^, the A.toona church (Twenty-eighth 

L" .t „J Si.ler J Edwin Jarboe of Lincoln, Nebr, to 
JTJ.*« in Peru, .nd., and in Wakarusa, 
Ind., in February. & $ * * 

Personal Mention 

Bro W. C. Sell, pastor at Grand Rapids. Mich., is taking 

a cou'rse in Bethany Bible School but gets home or he 

week-ends. During his absence Sister Sell cares for the 

work. , . ... 

Brother and Sister Daugh.rty of West Virginia while 
visiting their son at Bethany, came on out .0 "^Po- 
lishing House, renew their old acquaintance with General 
Manager Arnold and establish some new friendships also. 

Or J. S. GeUer, acting on the advice of his physician to 
seek a lower altitude, has removed with his family from 
Froid Mont., to 102 Lincoln Ave, Riverdale, Md. Though 
not yet in the best of health he is engaged in the practice 
of his profession of dentistry and hopes to be of some use 
also in the ministry. 

Bro S D Katherman of Woodland, Mich., approaching 
eighty-four and a continuous subscriber to the » Messen- 
ger " since June, 1881, "can read the 'Messenger without 
glasses." Though he can not walk a step and gets about 
on a wheel chair, his general health is fair, and with his 
own hand he typed his letter of appreciation "to show you 
what an old man could do." 

Said SUter Sadie Miller, writing from Delhi, India. Nov. 
?6 where she was in attendance at the National W. C. T. 
u' convention: "We had addresses each day one week, the 
week of election, too, and it happened that my turn came 
on Nov. 8, and the news was posted while I was talking 
having for my subject, A Dry, Clean World, and what a 
climax I had, too. It was simply wonderful." 

Bro. John W. Daggett and wife of Lawrence. Kans, were 
Christmas time callers at the "Messenger" rooms. So 
also were the twin sisters Alma and Alta Miller of Lima, 
Ohio. The visit of the former was an overflow from the 
Daggett family reunion at the home of the Assistant Edi- 
tor, while that of the latter must likewise be credited to 
Sister Ada Miller of the Home Mission offices. 

Too late for mention last week word reached us of the 
sudden passing of Bro. W. F. England of La Verne, Calif, 
on Dec 19 He had been out calling on some of the sick 
ones, among them his daughter, Mrs. W. O. Moomaw, and 
had just returned to his home when he died of heart failure 
while sitting in his chair in conversation with his wife. 
We shall hope to have for early publication a suitable ac- 
count - of his life and labors, 

Bro. Emanuel B B* V ice President of Bethany Bib, 
Sch ol, and one o,^ ■" found- Passe d^ ^ 

SrS^d^ich came ,0 **™?*£Zt£. 
nine o'clock Saturday mormng H "^ving received 
Sunday School Editor, was at h s desk ^ ^ 

th e information earlier *%*£?& Bro. Hoff was 
telegraphic message. It was Knu. nothing serious 

suffering from a slight "-Pf*"^ was a shock ,0 
was suspected, -^3 years. On 
all his friends here. His age w dM< , 


wait until our next issue. 

■ .1. m id,l of the great work of our people 
•• Wo are in the m.o.t ot B hMS 

in Africa. We have nothing to do but to see ^ 

are doing but we art = sc .busy h « «/„. of some 
to write notes or to prepare pal Robertson 

h e,p ,0 the church a. home Even now ^^ 

would like for me to go with , 1 m to tn , * ■ 1 


^SdXNo^ "h^o!^u are ,0 have 

a chance at next week. 

* ♦ ♦ * 

Miscellaneous Items 

to members of the Board. 

••Mountain Build™." is the name of a ^news 'etUr Pub- 
lished by the Church of the Brethren Industrial School at 
Geer Va The first issue contains many intimate and m- 
£££*£. about the work at the •£****%* 

Geer Va., O. R. Hersch, Editor. 
"We have been endeavoring to learn the facts regarding 
"',,.„. ,„ „,„ church <W information along 
hosp tal beginnings in our cnurcn. n / 
.his line will be appreciated." So writes the editor of the 
^ Bullet,, o Bethany Sanitarium and Hospital. The notice 
is B "Is"* along with the hope *a« some "Messenger 
reader may have the information desired Address Omer 
B Maphis, Superintendent. Bethany Sanitarium and Hos- 
pital 3415 West Van Buren St., Chicago, III. 

Th. •• Messenger " appreciate, the work of ! its agents^ 
Without their help the " Messenger " would be we Lnigh 
helpless And there are some mighty fine agents through 
out he Brotherhood. Space would no, allow us to mention 
all of them But just now we want to speak of what we 
w s we passed through the mailing department. It was 
mst encouraging. The business department had ,us, passed 
on a lis. of seventy-one "Messenger subnotions winch 
was sent by Bro. David Kilhefner of Ephrata, Pa And 
mind you, not one of these subscriptions had lapsed. Bro. 
Kilhefner has the habit of getting his people to renew be- 
fore the subscription expires, hence they never miss a num- 
ber and their names need not be removed from the list. 
We can use many more agents who will do likewise. 
* * * * 

•i „l„„tcr! We need all that can be gained by the 
^aSrfprSle, but a, the leas, possible cost ,n 
vision and opportunity for the church. 

Bonnet, for giv.r. are more in oSer *» «« Pj£ 
sistcnt q deficits would make it WP"*^^, * ports 
'T^he™; 1 ^ Tmrshtp S TZ Church of the 
Br ."shown a commendable growth for , e wen - 
ye ar period covered by t e more ,„ c nt ? «£- ^ rf 
ligious bodies. In 1906 the mem mw2 . 

over 50,000 for the twenty-year penod, « « ga. ^^ 

as membership. For example, giving to miss tons p 

proximately eight times what^ , t was ^JZuJi for 
spite of the fact th* memt ,er S h>P ha ^«™ a ^ 

or is than onefold. Church property v, lues , e? ct r 
,ated tendencies. Our church edifices , «l.«d ^^J ^_ 
1906 had increased in value to $8,630,4» in i* 


may even approximate the rate 01 1 . ets con- 

Perhaps it is unnecessary to say that the bouquets 

will be entitled to bouquets at the end of the next twenty 
year period? * * * * 

A Bystander's Notes 

The period of integration is upon us, as was pointed out 
bv the writer something over one year ago. Indeed, it be- 
came rather epidemic a, the La Verne Conference when 
various Boards and Committees were combined W hen 
the smoke had cleared away it was discovered that the 
church had four strong Boards in name responsible or 
missions, ministerial interests, education and religious edu- 
cation. However, the urge toward integrat.on is far from 
spent for with respect to our church machinery it has been 
urged by at least one well known leader that the process 
stopped short of at least one combination which he con- 
siders logical. That is, the two Boards dealing with edu- 
cation might properly be revamped into one Board, accord- 
ing to this authority. The writer is not urging the step, he 
is simple recording a statement which shows that the will 
o integrate has no. spent its force. And further, indica- 
tions are that the principle will presently be urged with 
respect to certain concrete situations which continue to 
face the church. The higher education program is one ot 
these which we feel is due for rather early consideration. 
How many colleges should we have? What practical ad- 
justments can be made? These are two questions that 
persist; and they will continue to persist as long as the 
tendency to integrate remains with us. The principle of 
integration is undoubtedly sound and as a church we need 
whatever it can give us. But like most pr.ncples it rep- 
resents an ideal that must be worked toward rather than 

The Peace Pact Must Pass 

On Armistice Day a man with white hair, and a little 

that it was hard to restore order. 

Paris Pact to renounce war. He was speaK t 

This pact is a new kind ot treaty. •„, ,. 

Kellogg. "f™m the bleeding heart of humanity. 

In fain words, the pact " condemns recourse to war o 
the solution of international controversies. In the Pastwar 

signing the pact renounce r a a cou . fcat 

ruT^sTXnch,rn^ policies War has 
become illegal, .hen, for .he first time ,n history. 


to control war forces. . . 

find it difficult to stampede a nation into a figh t _ The sue 

dares fail in world friendship 1 . . 

America is a, the parting of th e^oad, Sb mu.not 
fail I ^e peace pact must pass Dj°u nds 

Bridgewater, Va. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1929 



Trees and Trees 

There are trees and trees. But the latest to make the 
J£ columns is the Guatemala cow tree. From this re 
There can be obtained a liquid with sinking resemblance to 
he mil of a cow. Thus we read: "While the : cow _t«* 
mule is palatable and one might imagine a cow tree da 
the tree presents greater possibilities for manufacturers 

of chewing gum." — . 

That Fifteen Per Cent 
In any challenging situation there arc those who .think ft 
through to a decision, and those content to let others do 
heft ftinking and deciding for them, just what is the ratio 
between the two classes! Of course no absolute answer 
can b given, but it is interesting to note that m the case 
S the ''Lite ary Digest's" Presidential poll of voters but 
fifteen per cent of those receiving ballots took the trouble 
to mark and return them. Perhaps this figure g.ves some 
clue as to the ratio between those who think and those who 

follow. ' 

Smoker's Folly 

I, was Christmas Day, and young Mrs. Viola Walberg of 
Chicago had apparently lain down to take a nap, cigarette m 
hand. Some time later her landlord discovered smoke com- 
f„ g from Mrs. Walberg's locked room. A fire company -*u 
caLd, a smoldering mattress taken care of an 1 , W. - 
berg rushed to a hospital. But the rescuers came too late 
the smoking woman had been overcome by fumes ,rom the 
fire started by the lighted cigarette. She died after an 
hour's effort to revive her. Smoking is a bad habit at any 
toe; it would seem to be even more foolish and unlady- 
like when indulged in at napping time. 

Chicago Divorces 

A survey of the divorces granted by the Chicago courts 
to the past year may throw some light upon the charac. - 
isties of the evil-that is, as far as its nature can be re- 
eled in figures. A total of 9,621 divorces were granted 
Line Chicago courts for the period %g*™£ 

tion of parents. _ ■ 

Housing Shortage Met 

Building statistics for Chicago seem to indicate that the 

housing shortage has been met. That is, the peak of the 

d m nd is past" with construction going forward on a more 

even basis and rents stabilized at reasonable rates. It 

should be apparent that no sudden recession m building 

acuities is likely, for even though the housing shortage 

has bee" m«t the e is still the pressure for better homes 

to be reckoned with. The man in the garage type of house 

s thinking of a cottage or bungalow, and those who we 

„ uchhfvc something finer in mind. Hence treme-ndou 

building activity should continue,, though hardly at 

boom pace of recent y ears. 

Prohibition Enforcement 
fudges pondering over the suggestions offered by 23,230 
contents, decided that Mai. Caster P. is, formerly 
federal prohibition administrator for the New York d.s 
net, had offered the "best and most practical plan tor 
making the eighteenth amendment effective. Thus the 
wtnne the $25,000 prize offered by W. C. Durant, speaks 
out o a Mines of experience certainly not enjoyed to- 
many who submitted suggestions. The plan offered by Maj^ 
Mills was the one he put into operation during li.s sixteen 
months' term of office which ended June 27 1927. » P« 
sented in detail his method of preventing the diversion ot 
industrial alcohol which he held to he mainly responsible 

for the bootlegger. . 

Vergil Vindicated 
The Roman poet Vergil mentions a city called 
which was generally put down as a mythica place until 
Rome's most famous poet was vindicated some »c^s ago 
It seems that Dr. Luigi M. deeded t look fo ^.he 
city and with his staff of Italian archaeologists, he finally 
tacate" the missing city in a deserted ma anal 
northern Albania. The following statement rf«» 
■a I .!,„ „ a l„e of the find: " Prchistorical material un 
c d o"r°e lutlsmooft axes, oxydian knives and brooches 

and clasps of the bronze age. There are rema.ns of a tars 
and a sanctuary mentioned by Vergil, whose 

B C. TZJZtrtX oAnUcriod,,. fee, high 
and well preserved, was found. Another gate of the period, 
o fsnialler dtaensiins, is adorned wi.h sculpturing*, the es 
preservfd of which shows a lion attacking a bull Coming 
down to Roman times, a large tense or bat , wa l d,s 
covered with five statues of Greek or.g.n. One of these 

that of a Macedonian king, and bears the sculptors signa- 
ture The finest of all is a female figure descr.bed as of ex- 
treme beauty' representing a nymph or naiad, and belong- 
ing to the best school of Praxitelcan art of the 4th century, 
B C" Not the least important aspect of the find is tne 
vindication of Vergil, or the light thrown upon the relia- 
bility of ancient writers. We have a feeling that in more 
fields, than one ancient thinkers and writers a« not given 
the respect they deserve. Perhaps this latest find will add 
somewhat to the credibilit y of ancient authorities. 

Labor Shifts in England 
Industrial changes often come so rapidly that great 
groups of laborers are left stranded until they can shift to 
other types of work. Thus in England the decline of the 
coal industry has meant great , hardships tor hundreds of 
thousands of workmen. Prime "Minister Baldwin is author- 
tor the statement that not less than 360.000 miners have 
changed to other lines of work in the past four years. How- 
ever the end is not yet, for the coal industry is so de- 
moralized that many more English miners must make the 
shift before a proper balance is reached ,n the British labor 


Air Transit for 1929 
All indications are that 1929 will be a year of vast ex- 
pansion in air transit business. It will be a year 
ZT improvement in planes with the emphasis upon 
™cd safety and comfort. And the to be 
a tly extended. New domestic lines will be opened up. 
But perhaps the most interesting will be the ventures to off 
shore Places. Thus the islands of the West Indies f urns h 
many promising points for airplane service Out of. M«m. 
Florida lines will radiate to the Bahamas, Porto R.po, Cuba 
and the Canal Zone. In addition to transcontinental flying 
n an east and west direction there promises to be a vas 
increase in coastwise lines-that is, flying up and down the 
Atlantic and Pacific seaboards. It must have Uken some- 
thing of the prophetic spirit ,0 vision *V"**^» 
on a day some twenty-five years ago when the Wrights 
made their first successful airplane flight. 


Mtfon* for tl>« Weekly Devotional Mcetimr Or foi 
Prayerful, Private Meditation. 

The Psychology of War 
The threatening situation which so recently arose be- 
tween Bolivia and Paraguay is a, tins writing wel on the 
way to complete adjustment. Thus peace has returned for 
wo excitable nations, and a type of peacefhat gives ro.n- 
ise of being more substantial than anything which has been 


fa t, ha war has a psychological basis. War does no 

the case of Bolivia versus Paraguay, the spirit of war frenzy 
began to develop apace, and then a significant thm g hap 
pe „ed A national spirit of war was met by an inter 


War is thus revealed as a passing iren^y 

or years may completely dethrone the rational of a 

nation's life 


Matt. 18: 21-35; Eph. 4i 32 

For Week Beginning January 13 

God can not- forgive the unforgiving. There is no repent- 
ance in the unforgiving spirit, and where no repentance is 
God can not forgive (Matt. 6:12-15; 18:26-35; Markll :25). 

To this extent only, that we shall not be embittered by 
another's evil deed (Matt. 5:43-48). 


I e an unlimited number of times. One must never tire 
of forgiving where true repentance is (Matt 18:21, 2Z; 
Luke 17 : 3, 4). 

It becomes impossible to hold spite when one realizes ; how- 
great the debt God has forgiven each of us (Eph. 4:3-; 
Col. 3 : 12, 13). 

It is not well to mind every petty injury, saying of each, 
"I forgive." Throw yourself into a good cause. Forgive- 
ness will then become a kind of sweetly unconscious second 
nature (Isa. 53:2-4; Luke 23:34; Prov. 10:12; 16:7; Rom. 
12:14; 20:21; 1 Peter 3:8, 9, 13). 

Forgiveness is not blindness to sin. It heals the forgiven 
one of his sin and makes of him the saint it hoped Inn. to 
he (Psa. 32:1; 85:2, 3; Isa. 43:25; 44:22; 55:7; Micah 7: 
18, 19; Eph. 1:6). 

Compare and contrast God's forgiveness and ours. 

R. H. M. 

Citizens' Conference on Cruisers 

are leading .he opposition to the cruis e b .^^ 

provided by the citizens' ™«™lZ gy Z*«* I— 
you endorse the purpose of this meeting, y 

The Christmas Card Idea 

If yon are still wondering what to do for the overlooked 
friend who sent you a Christmas or New Years greeting 
you may beguile a minute or two by reading the next few 
Hues which deal with the story of the man who invented 
he Christmas card idea. It seems .hat in 1 46 a certain 
Englishman, Sir Henry Cole, started the good work of re- 
membering his friends with a nice Christmas card. And Sir 
Henry Cole was no piker, for his cards were hand-paint ed 
pec mens four by six inches in size. The idea languished 
time but by the seventies of the last century many 
Americans were sending cards at Chr.stmas tune. How 
"was no. our own times that the commcrcia 
s7d of the Christmas card idea began to be pushed far 
all it was worth. One newspaper writer es .mate that the 
Christmas card business "has grown into a $50,000,000 
racket-a modest es.ima.c-for cards arc numbered ,„ ft 

of gree ng card publishers lists forty publishing concern 


is coming to be a custom rather gr.evous <o be borne. 

Our Push-the- Button Age 

it •« th,- average American home much of the heavy 

£ ^toolc ever ready automobile with its self-starter 

^a^ve ^r = There is, he, yoe- 

writer, for example now °*>™™ „ The most „„,. 
portable styles with ™any alphabets 1 ^ 

That is, wherever an ^2T^l,y^o relieve man. 
routine the machine is^ - -y. f ^ types o( 

But relieve him for what mch many are 

activity, but this involves a challeng ^ ^ ^ 

::^r^m=r:lm^rnien,a. situations. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5. 1929 

Some Brethren Pathfinders 

(Continued From Pas* 3) 

The leaders in the movement were of the Christian 
H s, toLily, three of them preachers at the time. 
?Ws vas as early as 1795. After getting h.s sons well to- 
,7™, farms the father, Christian, moved into 
Sm We ha« also noted tha, Adam Hostetler, a. 
i~l hv Peter Hon went to Illinois and orda.ned 
Eu7gT g CX *ght after this, these two breth- 
ren Hitler and Hon, a,ong With others, go to 

tion The strange doctrine had such a misleading m- 
fl "nee as to draw that godly man and fine p.onee 
preacher. Eld. Joseph Rowland, into the meshes The 
committee appointed for this was composed of Samuel 
ndTl Ja'therman, George Wolfe and James Hen 
dricks This committee called the Kentucky members 
together, one writer says in 1816, may have been later, 
and after hearing the complaints, rendered then- de- 
dsion, which resulted in the expulsion of Adam 
Hostetler and Peter Hon. and would have included 
Joseph Rowland but the members of h.s own congre- 
gation P>-ded so earnestly for him, and he mad such 
a satisfactory confession, that he was retained in the 
ministry and later on was restored to the eldership. 

As a result of this action the work in Shelby County 
commenced going back so far as the influence o the 
Brethren was concerned. Hon was a very able preach- 
er iust in the prime of his coming manhood, and a 
man who had a marvelous influence over his congre- 
gation, having the faculty of reaching and arousing the 
feelings of those listening to him. Associated with 
him was a young man, Joseph Hostetler the son of 
Abraham Hostetler, the "boy preacher, eloquent, 
talented and influential. He is said to have been the 
leading spirit in destroying the Brethren mterest in 
Shelby County, and in course of time we find the 
whole Hostetler family of the community in the Chris- 
tian church. Hon continued changing from one theory 
to another, doing much preaching in Highland County, 
Ohio where he made quite a short-lived stir, but fi- 
nally died a disappointed and unsuccessful old man, 
near eighty years old. Had he and Joseph Hostetler 
both men of fine ability, remained true to the church 
and her principles, they might have easily become the 
outstanding leaders of the Brethren in Kentucky, been 
the means of building up many churches in that State, 
and then passed into history as worthy of honorable 
mention. But to this they would not consent. They 
declared that the Lord's Supper, as observed by the 
Brethren, was nothing but the Jewish passover, and 
then adopted single immersion for baptism, thinking 
that by dropping some of the Brethren practices and 
taking up with the popular idea of the single back- 
ward action in immersion, they could sweep the coun- 
try. To these they added other grave departures, and 
so completely failed in their efforts that their names 
are now practically forgotten. 

Under the circumstances there was but one logical 
thing to do, and that was to unfrock them, and since 
they would not agree to abide the decision of the com- 
mittee and the rulings of the Brotherhood to withdraw 
fellowship in full. The facts regarding the appoint- 
ment and personality of this committee, and the action 
are gathered mainly from an old report left by Eld. 
George Wolfe, and mentioned by his son John in the 
Brethren at Work for Feb. 23, 1882. Wolfe and 
Hendricks seem to have been left in charge of the rest 
of the situation in Kentucky, of which more will be 
said later. But the apostasy of Hon, the Hostetlers 
and those associated with them, was the beginning of 
the Brethren's lost cause in this promising State. The 
death of Eld. John Hendricks a few years before, and 
now the unfaithfulness of strong and hopeful preach- 
ers in Shelby County seemed to spell failure. As for 
Eld. Joseph Rowland, a most devout and useful man, 
he came so near losing his membership that he proba- 
bly never fully recovered from the spiritual shock and 
set back, yet he pulled himself together as best he 
could and continued his work. 

One of the great mistakes made by Peter Hon as al- 
ready mentioned, was the adopting of single im- 
mersL About this time some of the churches in the 
els were 'disturbed, in a small measure, by the same 
ouestion. Trine immersion had always been the prac- 
tic of the church, but from the English Baptists there 
came a few very devout people, who desired to be ad- 
mitted to membership on their backward single im- 
mersion. At first the Annual Meeting refused to sanc- 
tioTany departure from her well established custom 
but later 1821, under the influence of some ill advised 
charity, decided that such persons might be received 
with the understanding that they first be instructed re- 
ading the true and correct form of New Testament 
faptism by trine immersion. Later on the brethren m 
Conference saw the inconsistency of having two forms 
of baptism, and in 1834 decided that no more should 
be admitted to membership with their backward single 
immersion. This ended our experience with single im- 
mersion. The fact of the matter is, that for a period 
of a bit over twelve years the good, well meaning lead- 
ers in Conference lost their bearing, but when they saw 
their mistake were prompt about correcting it. As for 
sprinkling and pouring they never, even for a moment 
considered them valid forms of baptism. At a much 
later period in our story, possibly Chapter 29, this 
mistake in Conference, and corrected by herself, may 
be more fully considered along with some interesting 
history As for Hon, he learned, when it was too late, 
that the New Testament claims of the Brethren and 
single immersion did not go together, that the coming 
in of single immersion meant the death knell to his 
little band of worshipers. It may be a matter of in- 
terest right here, to note that among the several groups 
of members, large and small, to have become separated 
from the mother church, this, and a similar movement 
in the Bachelor Run church, Indiana, 1848, were the 
only ones to adopt single immersion, and they soon 
came to naught. 

At this period in her history Kentucky was in a 
state of confusion politically and religiously. It was 
the dumping ground for schemers and dreamers, and 
wave after wave in sentiment and theories swept the 
State from east to west, and only the stronger kept 
level heads. Some of our own people, as considerate 
as they were, were caught in the whirlpool and in 
time lost their religious footing. Among them they 
needed a strong, well-balanced leader, the very thing 
they did not have. In this condition we, for the pres- 
ent, leave them, and go with Eld. Wolfe back to his 
little enthusiastic flock in Illinois, and in the next 
chapter learn something about the active part he took 
in building up his county, state and religious affairs, 
for as yet Illinois was a territory, and his own part was 
without satisfactory county and community regula- 
Sebring, Fla 

woman whom she had seen in the elevator a number of 
times entered. " May I come in?" she said 1, too, 
ave Z Twn sorrow, I lost my first baby, and then my 
'other, and later my husband I came here to g 
work and have had no time to be sociable, but I ,ust 
had to come and tell you that I "»"?, face 
At this the tears flowed down Mrs Tindall s face 
Jf Sara coming in from the kitchen greeted the 
Uan'eTan said, "Thank you so much for cormng 
You ha- comforted mother, because you yoursel 
, w it means Dr. Diston said in his prayer 

£Tni h B IS are they that mourn for they shall 
be comforted.' We have found a friend in you and 
hone vou will take us as your friends. 

The young woman said in a low voice, I hope we 
shall allays be friends, not only in time of sorrow 
out in times of joy." And then she slipped on, quietly. 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

"Blessed Are They That Mourn for They 
Shall Be Comforted " 


Me. and Mrs. Tindall had lived in the village of 
Tuxton most of their married life, but now a new field 
of work had opened up to Mr. Tindall and they had 
decided to move. So with their three children— Ernest 
aged eighteen, Sara, fourteen and David, six— they 
had pulled up stakes, as the saying goes, and had 
moved to a large city. 

Mrs. Tindall felt the change keenly for she was not 
used to city life and had always known her neighbors 
who ran in and out of each other's houses to exchange 
recipes and talk over church matters, etc. The apart- 
ment was very comfortable, but not like a home to 
Mrs. Tindall. 

Things went well with them for a year and then a 
sorrow came to them. Little David, never very strong, 
became ill and died rather suddenly. The next day 
as Mrs. Tindall sat in her little living room, she 
thought of the neighbors in the old village and of their 
concern always when death entered a home. The min- 
ister had come and prayed with them, but Mrs. Tin- 
dall longed for the friendly face of a woman. 

Just then there was a knock at the door and a young 

Who Is Most Miserable? 


In the fifteenth chapter of First Corinthians Paul 
teaches the vital importance of the resurrection, and 
says if there is no resurrection religion is vain. That 
if there is no resurrection then even Christ ,s no 
risen, and the apostles who preached that Christ is 
risen are false witnesses. 

Then he asks the question: "What shall they do 
who are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at 
all? Why are they then baptized for the dead? lne 
Corinthian converts had been baptized in the name of 
Christ, baptized for Christ, and if Christ is not risen 
he is dead, and what can it benefit to be baptized into 
the dead, for the dead? A dead Christ could not save 
them and their hope is vain. 

In the same chapter he says: "If in this life only 
we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most misera- 
ble " If in this life we have hope in Christ, and he 
is not risen and there is no resurrection, a great dis- 
appointment awaits us. Thus he says : " We are of al 
men most miserable." Does Paul mean to teach that 
he who bases his hope in Christ and lives in the hope 
of a resurrection, is here in this lifetime more misera- 
ble than the sinner? 

In the time of the early Christians, when Paul wrote, 
the follower of Christ sacrificed earthly possessions, 
earthly hope ; he was despised, hated, maligned ; he was 
in jeopardy every hour. He had no protection from 
governments and those in authority took delight in 
persecuting him. Speaking from his own experience 
Paul could well say that if in this life only we have 
hope in Christ, we are more miserable than those who 
are enjoying the good and pleasant things of this 
world. Paul spoke truly and those who were passing 
through the same experience well knew that this self- 
denying, suffering life did not pay if there was no 
resurrection. This self-evident fact was one of Paul s 
arguments to convince the doubting Corinthian dis- 
ciples that there really was a resurrection. 

In the years that have passed away since Paul wrote 
that Corinthian Epistle there have been many places 
and many times when it was just as true that the Chris- 
tian lived a most miserable life, sustained only by the 
hope of a glorious immortality. There are still places 
on the earth where the Christian is held in contempt 
and must suffer persecution. To such is this passage of 
Paul, that he who has hope in this life only in Christ, 
is of all men most miserable. Such require the hope of 
the resurrection to hold them true to their faith. 
— However, that passage does not apply to the Chris- 
tian in this blessed land of peace and freedom. Here 
it is no disgrace to be a Christian. He who lives up to 
his profession is respected by all classes of people. To 
accept Christ does not lose the professor a single friend 
worthy of the name; he is not despised; he is not 
persecuted. He is not debarred from any legitimate, 
honorable pursuit that appeals to a consecrated Chris- 
tian. He is not denied any enjoyment that is worthy a 
faithful child of God. The church asks nothing of 
him that should make him miserable if he chooses to 
render his life in service to God. Even self-denial 
made by a pure heart can not make him miserable. 
Paul's language, " If in this life only we have hope, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5. 1929 


we are of all men most miserable," does not fit us m 
this day and time. If we apply it to ourselves it tells 
the sinner if they come to Christ they must expect to 
be miserable in this life, as miserable as we pretend to 
be Satan tells the sinner that very thing and it is one 
of his strong arguments to hold him where he is. 
Satan's statement is not true, but many sinners believe 
it and it keeps them out of the church. 

The faithful, devoted Christian is the happiest man 
in the world, and he has a right to be. His trust in the 
heavenly Father gives him assurance, confidence, 
serenity. He has a peace in his heart the world can 
not give or take away. He has a conscience void of 
offense toward God and man. He knows no fear He 
is free from the consuming ambitions of the world. 

He who has hope in Christ and obeys him is not 
miserable; let no one ever try to make him believe 

6 The sinner without hope, the hater, the jealous, the 
covetous, the vile, the criminal-they are those who 
are miserable in this life as well as in that which is to 

Chico, Calif. . -»-. 

Yes, " Silliness " 

(Continued From Page 7} 

voice had a trace of "silliness" in it and they came 
running. I stood in the doorway leading out onto the 

^OnTtimetoewasawomanwho wanted her house 
nice and clean for Sunday so she had a darky lady come 
and help her clean it up spick and span Saturday morn- 
ing. This lady had two girls. Soon after dinner these 
gifls went out on the front porch with their doll rags 
to make some new clothes for their dolls. They scat- 
tered scraps all over that porch, then went out in the 
backyard and left all that trash right there at the front 

d0 Tust then Daniel gave me a comical look and said : 
- Aw. you are calling Mrs. D- a darky woman and 
David and I girls! We're no girls !" And out on the 
porch bounded both boys and their cuttings were all 
gathered up and deposited in the trash box in no time 

at " Now, don't you ever call us girls again," was Dan- 
iel's parting shot as they returned to their play. WeU, 
they hav'n't given me a chance to and I believe that 
bit of " silliness " is largely responsible for this result. 
La Verne, Calif. 

Uncle Mose's Discovery 


" Yes, suh," declared Uncle Mose, ^emphatically, 
" Ah's sho'-nuff a Christian now, Ah is!" 

" But you were not the last time I came round to 
this town," bantered the traveling salesman who loved 
to chat with the old darkey whenever his travels 
brought him to the little hamlet in which Uncle Mose 
lived " How'd it happen, Uncle Mose?" 

Uncle Mose grinned, rolled his eyes heavenward, 
sighed, then said, with a sort of awed reverence in his 
voice "Ah tells yo', Mistah Bahns, it all done cum 
•bout in dis-yeah way: Yo-all knows Ah's always went 
to church reg'lah, most all mah life. Mah daddy an 
mudder dey alius tuk us children ter church reg lah, yo 

" ' Get yo'self a hymn book, Uncle Mose,' he says, 
' an we'll sing numbah ninety-foah.' 

" Ah alius though Ah could sing, middlin' well, suh, 
but dat preachah sho' could sing too. Say, we made it 
ring, we-all did 1 

"Den de preachah he pray-pray lak all heaben 
wuz listenin' ter jes him an'— an' mebby me, fer Ah 
tried ter pray too, tho' Ah knowed little 'bout it den. 

" De preachah he start preachin' jes lak ebery seat 
in dat churchhouse wuz full up wid people— white 
fo'ks, 'stead ob jes one poah niggah. He tell 'bout sin, 
an' satan, an' hell-fire; den 'bout salvation, an' de 
Saviah, an' heaben. Ah begin ter look round ter see 
who he's hittin' at, Ah thinkin' mebby some white fo'ks 
done come in. But dey hadn't. Ah sees he's talkin 
jes right to mel Yes, suh, b'fo he's preached more n 
a half-hour Ah sees myself-ole Uncle Mose— a terri- 
bul sinner b'fo' God— boun' straight fo' dat bad place 
the preacher's tawkin' 'bout! So dafs how Ah be- 
come a Christian, suh— 'cause there wasn't anybody 
else there fo' me ter think the preacher was hittin' at! 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

"But church-going didn't make you a Christian, 
eh?" grinned the salesman. 

" No suh Ah reckon not-not 'till one Sunday, 
•bout two months ago. It was rainin' lak everything. 
an' most fo'ks thought it wus too wet ter go out Ah 
guess. But dis yere niggah ain't 'fraid o no wattah, 
so Ah goes ober ter de church. Now you see, Ah s bin 
de janitah at dat church fo' nigh onter two year, an 
alius hears de sermon. Dis yere mawmn de preachah 
waits a while, den he says, 'Uncle Mose, looks lak 
we's not goin' ter hab much audience S pose yo 
comes inside an we has service all ourselbes. Mebby 
some one come later ; if not, Ah guess de Lawd U hear 

us anyhow.' , 

"Well Ah goes inside an' sits down. Cum up 
front, Uncle Mose,' de preachah he says, so Ah goes 
up near de front an' sits down. 

" Nigger Sam " 


The scene or incident we wish to picture is laid dur- 
ing the Civil War and the time of readjustment. To 
be a white negro would be an anomaly or a phenome- 
non if it were not for the well known and accepted 
fact' that you can't fool nature. She never sleeps. It 
is vain to attempt to blindfold her. 

Mammy, the mother of Sam, was a light mulatto of 
more than ordinary intelligence. Sam would have been 
accepted as a white boy where he was not known. In 
this connection we are reminded of Joseph and Poti- 
phar's wife, a dramatic incident that comes down to 
us as revealing all the glaring sensuality of the human 
heart. Potiphar being a high government official in 
that far off age, his wife had a social prestige that was 
not to be ignored, and her suggestion must have been 
more of a demand than an invitation. This likely 
young man, not of her own race, must have appealed 
strongly to her animal nature. Joseph, with the back- 
ground of a sturdy, honest and God-fearing father, 
flatly refused her. He must have known, at least felt, 
that' with her proud and Delilah-like nature there would 
be a reprisal, but that did not deter him from making 
a noble and courageous decision even at the risk of his 


But here we have a different picture— the reverse 
of that above. Mammy, mother of Sam, was a slave. 
Her body and soul were not her own. She was at the 
mercy of a foul and devilish system, a system that had 
its justification only in the power a dominant, racehas 
over a weaker one. The history of Israel might have 
been quite different if Joseph had yielded, if he had 
yielded to the temptress. _ 

The predominant white blood coursing through 
Sam's veins did not change his status any. He was 
still " Nigger Sam." His troubles seemed to accumu- 
late as he grew older. He was looked upon by the 
whites with distrust and suspicion. "That nigger 
knows too much," many would say. In that day even 
his own race did not take kindly to the mixed bloods. 
If he happened to be in a town where he was not ac- 
quainted and attempted to stop at the house of one of 
his own race they said: " We do not keep white peo- 
ple" If he went to a hotel and chanced to be found 
out then there might be some broken bones. If he 
entered a jim crow car, the glances and insinuations 
would be enough. 

In common with his race he went through the re- 
construction and Ku Klux Klan and the carpet bag 
regime The poor colored people had to take the brunt 
of it For fear of the influence of renegade white men, 
the whites took stern measures in order to intimidate 
the colored people. 

Thus it happened that a group of robed and hooded 
white men rode up to a certain cabin One said: 
" Sam, get the gentleman some water. Sam brought 
a dipper full. He drank it at one gulp. 

" Bring a bucket full," came the command. Another 
man dismounted. 

" I am thirsty, too," he said. The men of the party 

took turn about with the dipper until the bucket was 

empty. Then they stood about with open-eyed wonder. 

" Auntie, what is that white fellow doing here?" one 

rider demanded. 

" Massa, that's my son." ^ 

" Your son? That is the whitest nigger ever I saw.' 
Thus the situation in which "Nigger Sam" often 
found himself was anything but comfortable. 

But as I said before. Mammy was a person of rare 
intelligence for a slave. She had a vision for the fu- 
ture of her race. She knew it would take years and 
years before they would grow out of their enforced 
environment. But what of the present? Yes, they 
were free. But freedom is like fire— a dangerous thing 
if you do not know how to use it. 

Therefore she plead with Massa Frank for help in 
her difficulty. " You would not turn a blind horse out 
in the road and let him starve," she said. But what 
was Massa Frank to do? He felt with keen apprecia- 
tion the logic of her position. But the corn crib was 
empty, and horses and cattle gone. Everything was 
swept clean. There were devastation and ruin every- 
where. During the war armies swung back and forth 
like a pendulum. Outside of the characters immediate- 
ly concerned in this drama, no one can understand the 
real seriousness of the situation. 

To Sam, her boy, Mammy finally said: "You will 
never live in peace here. You can never outlive this 
prejudice even with your own race. Go some place and 
make a man of yourself." Sam did go and we have it 
on good authority that in spite of the few drops of 
African blood in his veins he was accepted as a white 
man and that he was a Christian and of course a 
good and useful citizen, the equal of any in his com- 

Vienna, Va. 


One of the big problems confronting Christianity on the 
mission field is to develop and maintain a deep spiritua 
life among the Christians. The idolatrous religions are, of 
necessity, cold and formal, because there is no possible 
Response from the idols. We are constantly praying and 
planning for new ways to keep Christians and inquirers in- 
terested and growing. . . 

The church at Shoo Yang has arranged to have baptismal 
and communion services twice a year a. the central station 
The outlying districts make their own choice of time for 
their services. At the central station these service, re 
usually preceded by a week of Bible study and devo. on 
These we *'"«" find helpM l ° "" S " 
Se ™s S fa.l the Bible institute began Nov. 5, and closed with 
th e communion service on Sunday night, Nov. U. The 
average attendance at the daily sessions was .thirty. The 
interest throughout was excellent. A few <*£> a %££ 
had to go home before the communion services. Several 
came only for the council and communion. 

I am sure many of you would have enjoyed at. ending 

these services with us. There were sue periods a day^ 

Morning watch each morning at 7:30. This was conducted 

°dZen, Christian leaders. At . = 30, B« .Chung Ho 

Christianity r „. wh t d iff cre nce is to be ex- 

converted? W is me iu«' n,-irtianitv in your vil- 

(3) How do you plan to advance Christianity ,n y°» 
age? W What is the greatest responsibility of a Chris- 
tian? (5) Who should be the propagators of the Christian 
fa ' th? , . 7.m«vlnrk the writer discussed some 

(1) The One Great God. -) Je & pow(;r 

God and Savior of men. (3) 1 he noi> V 

.„ Help Us Worship God and Overcome Evil. (4) Kege 

come Like God. IS) witne s Qao 

SS cts^brsU'and^aelice of songs. 

(Continued on P*B* W 



The Choice of Music for the Home 

(Continued From PM« S> 

, j „f riavid and Solomon. If you will 
heard i„ the day ol David »i ^ ^ been 

compare some of the e wWch have 

recorded with some of the old ^ck 

als0 been made on records you w>ll toe the hi p 

,o give to your children of the powe, of the living 

„,.!, those of wood and stone. 

v Fxnmnles of true religious teei.ii = 
^e^" bring into the home the message 

i, •■ ■ •• Tf with all your hearts and Oh, rest in 
: h f LOT dMrMe, ld e,ssohn,"Eh>h;a, ; d,he,a- 

mous air from the same composers Samtja 
•■ But the Lord is mindful of his own We dare not 
for" t the old familiar hymns our fathers used to sing 
« the familv gathered about the hearthstone at the 
horn- of r a r A faithful knowledge and use o these 
wm bringTs back to simple, practical, religious feeling 
in our homes. . . 

Many years ago a company of Indians was surprised 
an Xnonthe'western frontier. A™ong them t 

S^E^K all who had lost children to come 
and see if among these young captives they could 
recogn- their own. A long way off was a woman 
whose husband had been slain and her children taken 
captive. With fear and trembling she came and ap 
coached the group peering eagerly into their ac 
hopeful of some sign of recognition. They were 
strange to her and in despair she was turning away 
when she paused, choked back the tears and in sot 
plaintive tones sang the favorite song she had sung to 
her little ones at evening time. Not one verse was 
completed before a boy and girl sprang from the 
group, exclaiming: "Mama, mama! 

So live the memory and influences of home in the 
hearts of children. Send your loved ones out into life 
blest with memories beautiful, tender and true because 
of your wisdom in choosing the best music for the 

Nappancc, Ind: 


*£."£«£ would remove a„ worldly and 
sinf loves, and the earlier the better. In our revival 
w Ithy woman testified : - Too long I have clung o 
my earthly loves, theaters, dancing, cards and foolish 
pTrtL ; like a child I was loath to part with 
[his meeting my heart has grown. hungry for some 
thin; Letter. Things no longer sa t>s fy. ^ S 
them up: I have lost the taste for them Theaters. 
1 not even to glance at the bill-boards any more. 

become the pearl of greatest price. 
Green Ridge, Mo. 

The Mission Board Meeting 

(Continued From Fir.t Page) 

Board could take affirmative action and the matter was 
deferred to the April meeting. 

Since it is felt by many Mission Boards and mis- 
eries that military protection for ™™ » 
China is not compatible with the spirit with which a 
miliary labors, the onestion of phoning th 
United States government to refrain from such pro 
Son was placed in the hands of a committee for 

''"•The Board adopted the following resolution on the 
death of Bro. Andrew G. Butterbaugh : 

Whereas, death has taken o„r beloved brother and co- 
^rl^,^::r^era, Mission^ for 

h to« r.";. do not fee, able to understand ^ of 
the mysteries of life, yet we commend to you a firm u 
and faith in the love of God, and trust that you shall have 
courage to strengthen you for tins great trial, and 

Further, Be it resolved, that we send a copy of these 
refltions .0 Sister Butterbaugh and that we publish and 

record them on our riles. 

One of the leaders of the church living in Elgin, 

having made a very generous contribution to missions 

the Board passed a resolution of appreciation for tta 

expression of Christian love. 

praying for them. w A 

Palghar, Tharta District, India. 


with a dear old. sister in Israel I* 0ne day 

She oS How very much she enjoyed the meeting 

Wondcringly I wrote this question on a piece of paper. 

»Z do yoYget anything out of the sermO^T 
- I can catch a few words by the motion of the preache 

mouth," she replied. , . . k f r 

» Well Grandma, you arc taking a good deal 

r;;w.= wh P o can hear had the faitl^Grandma^ 

Rocky Mt, Va. -»-. 

My Chinese Lantern 


How naturally children prize a cheap toy, and 
things costly they care not for. When a small boy, my 
cousin and I were sent out one night to catch a chicken. 
We took for a light my much prized Chinese lantern. 
In the chase to capture the chicken, the paper lantern 
tcok fire and burned up. This loss hurt me very much ; 
I was near to tears, for the pretty lantern was my 
treasure " Well, we caught the chicken, all the same, 
said my older companion. But what was one chicken 
to me, or one hundred chickens, in comparison to the 
loss of my beautiful ten-cent lantern? 

St Paul said : " When I became a man I put away 
childish things." But I was yet a child ; too young to 
part with childhood loves, and also the loss was too 
sudden When God removes children's innocent joys 
and playthings, he does it gently and slowly, and when 
one has become ready for other things in their stead. 
My little sister loved a pretty doll. " I can never 
think of giving up my dolly," she said. Here is a 
verse of her doll song: 

" When I was a child of three, 
Some one gave a doll to me : 
R"osy checks she had. and eyes 
Blue as are the summer skies ; 
Tho' she answered not a word. 
Yet I fancied that she heard 
All the loving thoughts and dear 
That I whispered in her ear- 
When I was a child of three." 
But in God's good time and way, the little heart treas- 
ure was removed, and sister does not know when she 
parted with her dolly. But with every outgrown toy 



October and November have been times of great blessing 
i„ our school and church. Mr. L. N. Choudhar, represent- 
ing the Children's Special Mission and the Marathi Scrip- 
ture Union, who works among the children and young peo- 
ple of Western India, came to us Oct. 10 and remained unt, 
Oct 20. Each day he brought one or two messages that 
made our hearts rejoice. His word pictures and lantern 
slides were greatly used of God to cause all who heard to 
have a greater love for the Bible and for our blessed 
Christ. His one purpose was to get especially the young 
people to willingly and definitely choose to read a portion 
of scripture every day and to spend at least a few_ minutes 
i„ private devotions. Being a young man, Mr. Choudhar, 
won the hearts of the boys easily. Being. such an earnest 
Christian the boys easily saw beyond h.m to the .Christ he 
so beautifully exemplified in his life. He played with the 
boys and prayed with them, he walked with them and talked 
with them about their most intimate problems. He taught 
Ihem new gospel songs and they sang together. From here 
he went to Dahanu where his ten days' meetings were at- 
tended by the same rich blessings. 

Following our Mission Conference at Bulsar and during 
the Divali Holidays, Mr. Choudhari came to us at Palghar 
again and helped in a Boys' Camp Nov. 15-23. Our camp 
was held under large mango trees on the banks of the 
Surya River, seven miles east of Palghar. The camp was 
conducted much like those in the homeland. There was a 
splendid program for developing body, mind and spirit. 
There were deep heart searchings and many resolves to 
consecrate and dedicate our lives to Christ. Thirty-eight 
boys and young men and the camp leaders made a fine 
group The majority of these had previously accepted 
■ Christ and that made these days of closer fellowship the 
more blessed. Of those who had not yet openly confessed 
Christ as their personal Savior six did so as a result of the 


This writing finds me in the imperial city of India in at- 
tendanc a. the national W. C. T. U.. the eighteenth one 
o thi band of women in India. Needless to say It was 
mos difficult for me to leave Anklesvar so soon after land- 
tag in this beloved country of ours, but it seemed best that 
some one should be in attendance at this conference 

The" City of Lahore," the steamer on which I came from 
New York to India, landed us in Bombay one day earlier 
Uian we were scheduled, a thing which a, firs, might look 
a "fTt was a good thing: but those of us who have had 
he experience would rather really get in a day late than a 
day car y. In this case it was made the worse because 
o, he fact that the New Year in India was on the 13,1, of 
November and no business places were open throughout the 
city, which inconvenienced and misinformed people on boar 
as we., as those who had come to meet their friends Th 
facts are they could get no information, and what thc> 
did try to gather was amiss. ... ■ *,,„ 

Two ladies on board were quite ill, one with pleurisy the 
other with appendicitis. Wireless messages were sent or 
m lances « meet them and at once take them to the 
hospital but these messages were not even i<*"«r«!r-*o. 
of course, no ambulances met them. The one was taken 
- off by ordinary conveyance to the hospital and °P«" 
within an hour after she left the steamer and it was high 
time too. She go. on well and it was fortunate the case 
was not more developed on the steamer. 

Landing after dark it was quite hopeless to try to get . 
our baggfge through customs that night. I gave mine over 
r.he S American Express Company whose represent ,v 
stayed by all such luggage all nigh, and protected It. Others 
d d the same. It happened I was the first one tc , ge -before 
the passport man so that I also was able to get to the Y W. 
C A firs, and thus find a place to stay for the nigh. 
Some passengers found everything full and had to return 
foThe steamer after all. for the night. One WtJ^ 
a Hindu hotel, but she felt rather unsafe and not much 
at home o go, little res, or sleep. Several steamers had 
corned ahead of us, landing some two or three thousand 
People, so that hotels and the like were full and over- 

fl0 T,t g of our ladies, Sisters Woods and Mohler were in 

the chy to meet me, bu, had been informed the steamer 

would come in the 14th instead of the 13th so they rested 

Ty and had their night's undisturbed, missing me 

entirely Next morning I accidentally met Miss Swart, n 

h bazaar just as she was waiting for a street car to go to 

he steame .o meet me. A bit later, I me. the other two 

dies in on C of the offices in .be ci.y where .hey had come 

,o inquire about the "City of Lahore," as to when she 

W Tht Missionary Home which had been conducted for 
many years in the city of Bombay was closed be last year. 
This also greatly inconveniences all missionar e , * 
In fact they have no place to go, especially ,s this the case 
1 tmiltes for the Y W. C. A. takes only single 
r d \ me wn"o children. The Y. M. C. A. takes only 
men wZut children. I caji see where our station, the 
"care t we have to Bombay, Palghar, will be a good resort 
Jor our missionaries with families: but how about the 
hosts who live way up country and interior who go to 

B Neith y er f my S brXr, A. S. B. Miller, nor Eliza, my sister 
could be in the city to meet me; both were elsewhere on 
account of sickness. All are improved at this writing and 
we trust will be able to keep their heal* and go on with 

,h The"voyage was a pleasant one so far as being free from 
s,orms is concerned. For my par,, I dislike seafaring. My 
cabin ma,e was sick two weeks of the voyage and mtsera- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1929 


blc most of the time. I was in the best of health all the way 
aero" Our first Sunday on board was a bit rough and 
near y ah passengers were sick that day. The services 
Xh had been planned were recalled as no one was able 

"XJT^t. the shock received upon landing when 
, earned of the sudden death of our B™. Butterbaugh 
doubtless was a shock also to all in the homeland L Sister 
Butterbaugh is facing all this sorrow and loss the 

br On NcT? we received the first wireless news coneern- 
in °",he prospective results of the Presid ential e>=c on a 
home which gave us much courage. Then on the 8th the 
entire news of the overwhelming victory for Hoover reached 
us and this was posted while I was giving an address to 
the missionary passengers and others who were .present 
wanted so much to have the news before I began for 
"ed the subject of "A Clean World," and had great need 
o it but I did no, get to see the news until I was a 1 
"hrough and our meeting was dismissed. Several remarked^ 
' What an opportune and appropriate subject /"« ^ad I 
w^s glad to have had the privilege of speaking that day. 
Needkss to say how gloriously we were rejoiced over the 
"f the election. Some on board had tried to get in 
alTe reports that Smith was elected, bu, to no avail. 

This has given India new life and new courage in the 
Jk of winning prohibition for India. Sentiment is high 

y years, if thereby prohibition could be won for da. 
Does this no. indicate how much India desires to reach this 

B °Pr ? ayer has done much for the U. S„ and it is doing much 
fof India as well. What can we not attain by making our 
requests known to him who ever hears the cries of h.s 

ThTe come back to the beloved land of ^adoption 
with the hope of doing much for this people Let me use 

1 opportunity to thank all in the homeland who were a 
onstan, help and encouragement in the -rk we av n 

this land-especially the many who were o kind in every 

the faithful in his church, the faithful everywhere. 

. .. Sadie J. Miller. 

Anklesvar, India. 

School which wa, well •!»» =" u ketp , he Jpiri , „, ,„„,. 

intendenl. Having no 1'^ ■ , jd . hlvi „ g , omc work don is 

shij. up in our Sunday scnooi. ii ' , : Wc ., rc a lso making 

,he church such as papering and "««"V I "»- w ™ „„ t „ t ,„ ,„ have 
plan, lo pain, ihc church in .he earl, »?"""■ ^ „, J,t,»ta, , Uo 

rs s& Si.ts.p.cS ., wc <<t ,h ivT„,c;rrTc,^ 
rv m ;,,. c'sc- lc" i^^s \r.,r.u° sr .,. 

forsaken.— Mrs. Oene.a L.eir..iBu i 

. . 1, ,,,,,, : n business meeting Sunday .-ittcrnoon. 

The fc. Branch .hutch n n bu ,, ^ » ( „,„„„„„„ 

Dec. 23 Eld US. S ri«m pros ^.^ „„, mi ,„„. The report ol 
ScTc™. K ^l.sOc?.«cs was read by .be .ecretary A committee wa. 
appoin.ed to make .,« me*, tor » D VJ1J5 ^^ 

S£.*c ££>.?> :. >..—;«-« s^rs 

S S^ b X?ralu=^o ,0 ^ C V^ e oc, to the brown 

as. i. ■*-<»£ st'SJEi ?r",.!rsi-. The 

Morri. Dec. «. Mo 'Vm \f,k during the year, and the member. 

^''.^.rnrtss'.rtt » p ,i ~ -Ud^ii 

sickness is our commun.iy .fie Ch, ».ua, pog P (q ^ 

,hc la,. a^^JSJ^L'SiSi,. -. K. Bu.t.rbasgh, 
given Jan. 1 i" nonor ui "-• r 
Polo, 111., Dec. 24. 


n, -l.t-rrh held .1 very spiritual and uplifting revival 

sXJSVi» £>« •< p « UMd : r 'htvc'brn sSedTSStauS 

day-.chcel officer, lor .be coming : ye. have bees .tec . ^ ^^ 

The council met Dec. 19. Two letter" i were rcce „ M=i 

S l i?5jaSS^E£i2Si^S« Har„ord Chy. .„., 

:. 22. 


hTfa .e = 'a J '.te n i:a,;"dsS C "hX.ida, ," Slrc^f =- .teg 
church have a love •» o' ?„",,.. c le.k Sis.e. Aaros Longaneckcr; 
were: Presiding elder, J. F. Hoke. J" K ,, su ' p „i„,c„deol, E- E. 

correspondent, .he undersigned; Sue ay - eh ■ 1 w= 

Bu.son; B. Y. P. D. prc.idcni. Albert Hoke, us = y rf 

wee happy .o have will. u» Brolber „d S «« u „,,„ 

Ashland, Ohio. The lo.mer gave us livo inspiring me. 
I.onganccker, Roanoke. La,. Uc 


Notes From Our Correspondents || 


. ■ „„ 3r . rr lv business meeting Dec. 16. m. 

FLgardes church me. in •»»"» , vc jcoj 

report of the Ladies' Aid Soce.y shswed I h > •« = ■■ , o ,„,. 

work. We sen, a bo^ of provision,, including e,g». , ^^ 

Oakland mission lor Tbanksg.ving dione for .he n^e ^.^ ^ 
.hi, lor ..veral y.a«. Smc. our ^ last rtpo „ mu „ io „ s „vic. 

,„ ,he fold by bap.ism Nov. 4we observed l^ou and 

with I. V. Funderburgh is =""«"„"' ^"h",, sen. in offering, 
we enjoyed a very .P'"'™ 1 . ,c "'- ° „„„" Mie.ion Board. Bro.her 
,„ Bethany Bible School and »- 5™,™ „„ Fig a,de» com- 
and Sister Rupel are working I ■'"•'> Th had church and 

,„„„,,, in ,h. bigber and betUr ^J^'^,,, /„ ...possible lor 
community nignt ulc. it. »"•- cni . n ;ai music congregational 

,h, program Which was ™|- «^ ^* '^ ',„. The youog people's 

'fa'iI-roTlhe-^pS'iou H "f^v'sc Co.lege.-Mr,. F. E., Figardes, Calii., Dec. »■ so( , ered , „,„, 

Hemct.-Since our la,, repor t 11 » Hcmet jmn ;„«„„ to a higher 

loss in the passing »t Sjtet P> «.. S be as a P as5<jda , rf . 

purpose and more and better »'° , k '" '. T s| „,j,|,. Si» 
Our" church and S.^-"^ ^ C S .'see September, which ha, 
letters ol membership have bees receive i we i co „ e to anyone 

added to ou, working orce «c g. cab. y „, omobilc , 

who i. seeking a .o cable and ,.r in. o. H „„ Su „day morn- 

are dedica.ed to .be Lord , work a nd are t. ^ ^ ^j,,. 

ings into the highways and bj ■»'"'« neighboring churches 

scLo,. Several v,.i> ; nghre t h,en.nd / ,s.e,, h irom t g 

have favored us wim " 1 - "-'' »*. „. T _,i: es > Aid Society meets in 

pa,, mon.h which wa, '"^.'u'Sa, OeVls >w^ of .he Di.trict Aid 
a» all-day meeting ever y Thursday, u i" ' and ,„„ 

officers, Si.lers Delia Lebmer »jd Cor ^ Hoff. o ^ ^ ^ g 

KTaa" »»°d C .'1or a "B .iiany Bible School. A. our 1... worker. 
council"., "rife, wa, chosen church corr.,pond.n,-Mr,. C.ha 

preached alter which we had a baske.d b ^^ d 

program and treat is being 5 '°" s °™ h / s ho „„ m arked interest m 
grammar school. The whole common y has shown A „ ti . s ,i o0 „ 

.hi, p,opo,i,ion. The ^\„tmu.1,y gave'sisVlo .o wipe out our 
League for 6ve years. The "J.™" 1 ™ B B n„c Valley Star ha, given 
Si„er E,.her Mohler', bo.p ...I b.ll. T be Bu ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ 

.he church '»'-' c l i.S:»»i«l Calif.. Dec. 21. 
church sees hi.— trreii "- 

t ^ Miller of Fresno has just completed a two 
R.Ui„ C«y.-Bro. Leo Mi".' ^ m ^ j„ pir a,i.„al message. 

weeks scries of meetings, <"■ ,-ii„rrri As a result of the 

have given new -vigor to .be work of church A, by 

carnes, effort, ol our evangel ..t. lou were add ^ ^ 

baptism. Our communion at the close o ^^^^ Dr<> 

ILLINOIS Guhric o( 

Astorht-A three weeks' revival »" du £ , ' !d by A '°'i s ,ionary program 
Lalaye.le, Ohio, closed Sunday "*"""■ Thanksgiving Day .be other 
w„ 'given Mta-Oj K^"„«; i, ". ^tos "«rvi=e. B.C. 
churches ol the lows joined u, is 

™, " •„ s,„ Dewev Sowc conducted a very ,ucce„lul seric, ol 
Bli^vdle— Bro. Dewey kowc v „„, He was assisted In 

S'^'b^o'^'Lum ?3 P ^.k, who comlue,. -he 
SoT^igh^err^r.rSe church l^f-^^D^Va.-Mrl'- 

were chosen tor tne y«-Ji . j * o;. f »» M.rv Burner: elder, b. J- 

Voder; Christian Worte.' prc,.de«.,^Kr Mary Burg . ^ ^^ 
„ u , B cr. W. »ceome Bro«,c t nd S se Bw ^ ,. 

church to help us. Our love .least wa... |rom N „ rtl , 

-a very good spiritual meeting. *'°- ° Ga , en Bowman and B.o. 
Manchester officiated. Bro. H« ov "' / ma Sunday, preaching 

B " rg ThiTgood i se.mons. W. me. lor m.rsisg worship and a fellow- 
one of bis good scrmoss. h Howti Ind , De c. a. 

,f,ip breakla.l a. the church. -Mrs. „„;,, campaign Dee. City church closed a tWO week, B Plea „„ t Hill. Ohio. 

7, conducted by Bro J- A. lAfWjgf 1 «■ ° Mng „ d appealing 
We feel that we had a »™ "j wi , h power and labored 
sermons brought to us. a ,«JfS?LSl A , a .esul. .en were bap- lor .he increase ol "« " „,„. membe., of .be 

,«cd on Suod.y .Itcrsoos-Jl boy. and ,o ng a ^ ero , ip 

Sunday- school. It makes our hearts ^^ ^ hav= bccii 
„| young people »"J™J to do greater things lor .he Savior. The 
s.rengthened and .»»..» ' ■ » ,(„,,„„„„ in company w.lh 

home, of member, «""■£" |J cy ,,„ called on many o her. n 
our pa.tor. Bro. T E ' Th . talcrcs" ami attendance were excellent al 
the interest of souls. The .mere. ' " „ a , pr cceded by special 

through the meeting,. '"'""" J , , cd b y Mr,. Lura Evan, and 
service in ,ong rendered by _ 1 « o , y .__ io „, t0 ,. 

„ur faithful pianist, Roy Kcnaea. wl sen pro , s „„ d , y .«hool i, 

Wy:' n ^ \S^Tbri\.mt C V"g" m^Mr, Effic Battels, Oo.h.n. 
"Ehts'cuv.-H.ving ju„.c,os.d a short scries o, service, a, the 
Michigan Ci.y church, and »»« «J^£,£ A comlor.ablc house 
like saying that a good sla.l has ^ „„„„,,„,. 

has been bull., one ha. „ eon,. n ,.n. an j, o , d „ „,„„,„ ,, 

It i, located on Michigan St. Wbde .Be £ ^ .__ (im „ c 

no. so large, yet many child,™ are being Michi „ Ci.y i, a 

church and -^™^jffi«. .vail .hemselve, 
place ol much work an, tnos who lis ^ |a| b fl „, 

ol .his church home Eld El .Boos, and Lap()r|c ^ 

ministers and workers, an caring Rurcer Howe, Ind., 

",; churches. May he bles, hi. owne-3. I. Burger. 
D "' "" ,e i nis.riel) -The church met in council Nov. 12 

ML Pleasant (Southcro District) ,.,:,,„ o[ church and Sunday- 

at the home of Bro. Mark Ronk. lor elee.ion "I chor'. 
«h..l officer.. All officer, we uiianimousl^ • rec,^ _ 

S.oner being elder, and S„.e. S. D. ^ Stone, , ^ ^ 

.enden. for .he connng yea. In ad I ...tended 

chosen to head th. B. V. P. u. A „ d „,„„ the first ol November, 
.lie young people', convention . Brethren Wikc ol 

Recent visitor, to , our eongrcgj " -^ a „ d „,„ Renlogle 

Arcadia, Ind., W. W. Pe tc,s o. U.a P»^ • h ; d „„„,„„ Brightbill. 
of Andc.son. Dee 14 to W the church en wbo conduc , cd . 

Rummel. Ellis, and Wampler ol B etu nj pur „ mmum0 „ 

i„„, period, of wor,lun. Bra. "."Pje, ^^ wi „ ing lo 

scvice on Sunday nigh.. We n.gni, I ^ , piration they 

come ,ueh a dis.ance and are glad lo, in. 

Mrs. Paul S.oner, Ladoga, Ind., Dec. a. ^^ ^^ ^ Bto 

Ogirn. Creck.-Ou, regslar business » skclion „, ,„„ 

I II. Wright (torn North Manchester , .tlpeu^^ ^ ^^ ai ^ 
officer, lor .he coming year '". Sunday-school superintendent, 

K.eider was rejected I elder to on. y. -,,„,,„„,„. Ind.. Dee. 17. 
J. C Unger.-Mrs. Ira Kr.idcr, .vo, icc Su „ d ay, 

Plp c Creek chn.cb he da ^rves. andjhank sgi, , ^ 
Nov. 25. There was .■"»»' '" „ a „d evening services were 

followed by a basket d.sscr asci k|!n |or tb c Mission 

conduced by B.o. J. A. Sn.ll. An o He ,. g y ^.^ Bro y A . 

Board. Our quar.erly conned "" "™ , Sa „, a F. me. with u. 
Sbively presiding. Bro. l-rest «°"^ ffi „„ wc , e clce.ed for the 
.,„d eondocled .he ctevo on, Churchy ^ ^ 

coming year. Bro. Sliiv.i) w |Ui „„„„,. One el 

report of the S.sic.s Aid So....> « J ; k ||is|]i oI „„ Thanksgiving 
Snelr'th" MexlcfSlo Folk, "d Orphan,' Home, Our Sunda. 
school gave a Christina, program on bund , ^ ^^ misjio 

, h e While Oil. "'"'"'-.he vear Tbc .o,al offering wa, more than 
S!r'nd"wra bt°u'.°c B d t Sonwork-Martba O. Peru. 
Ind., Dec. 24. . _ i v, ls been with 

Spring Crcek-Since on, £*«»«»£ ^ ^ve We,, wnderlully 
„, i„ a series ol revival effor... Wc I=e. w ^^ ^ Mil 

blessed and .ha. much good wa. .lo. ffi d „„ ,, na ,lc,ly council 

Dec. 3 closing .he meeting. Bro. Obcrotn c . eom . ng ye , 

convened Dec. 6. Church office, wer, el. ..„„„„,„" .,„,, 

Bro. Landis was agam chosen lo a. 

revival Dec. 9 which was very 
Denton church closed a 'wo wee - Woodic. labored 

.sirs rffif- ^ r, perStr 1 £ 
s^n i r;hSe"ft;f^.^k£a^-'£ 

„i-!,gr;.ag.,' r ^:«vufL^cf s = 

conlccdXh.,.. : .ud have bcu, bapmed^ ^ ^ M d 

h,r e ow,;tureh^r,ing , ,o|mi^.,,l,nou S .o^^ Aim.her 
special leature of Thasksgrv sg U- " , B j. P . Holsingcr 

celebrating of .he we.hling an , .. ' .' ° h „i d ., .he com- 
and wile. Sixty-five ol ihc. famd a ml I ,k. ul. g a mcmbtr> rf 

muni.y house a. 1: » wh.r^ . J""""^ ,„,, a„o been arranged. 
the Service Bible da, .A ,i ...I k P s mapy good „„, 

IS r=r'ofg,.^r".nc e htpy coin* Wc.e^Tbe 
p.o"gram Silted™ VunowevcsM^Dec. 2d.-Mr.. C, A. Pen,,., 
Denton, Md„ Dec. IS. m «iin, conduced by 

Onien Bridae.-Dec 1 we d.«° , he go!pc , „„„ power bu, 

D . R. McFald.n ol una " P ,, und „„a„d. Ev.ty 

t:te?wa, S „cu\,™ 1 .-o^ , : Si - d Xrat,",nc k ri.e T "we 

«- -""r! '"S:,:r"!i !; r ,o , r , mid i ., d^SrdS b,,,,, 

"" Ha,ry Welle, Union Bridge, Ud„ Dec. 17, 

Mrs Harry *■ wiit, «-<«■«" =-■ 

cnjversiiy Park BrcUircn church The Ladies'^id^w.y^ 1,;, 
turke, dinner in .be basement ol be enure . forij ^^^ 

This proved to b=a ,u cce.£ I ->" u '^^ „,« Swaggaret for .heir 
The young peoples dcparimcm Bowers, our former pre.i- 

„e„ pre.ld.nt. thi. being rcqucHe d b, B o B« ,^ ^^ ^^ 

*,SS -ontclf \u^c, B n. tbi, con,.., -o-^ ,,™ 

gel the most new me,"bcrs in ^n g - ^.^ clj!j , 

""la' We'gave 1 .:; Cnrisim.. "r'ogr .be Sunday .;«■-"■='"« 

a,,i.,mas. Th!. «"!«,»» "'™S, "w'^* 'or.^Scial,," which 

eluded ,n this prog am »as a pat • , „ „.,,„ ,„„k par. 

was much enjoyed by all who '""',., „„ ,- hli . „„.„ „f,i, more 

enjoyed .be privilege of lien, able to bru e ^ y „ 

[r^ w;nte''Bro: :, B;uuIkerou, Ur, i, honie lor ,be Hohda,..- 
SL, Mabel E. Worley. Laurel. Md„ Dee. 26. 


gn under the direction 
Bottle Creek.^Our November revival ^ > t and d „ p . 

„, Harper Snavel, ol Shamok,, . 1 . c re,... 1 m 

ened consecral.on among .« n.c mbcr. ^ ^^ ^^ hm 

baptised and Iwo await .be .".■ « '• *> S navely gave a slrong 

the" community attended Ihcse m.c. », . ^ ™; ^ ^ He .aught us 
,ermon each night, preceded by . .. > "' d™ " ' , , , n 

,everal short choruses which ,.b I a ^ scrv „ „ 

hi, la,. Sunday here the """"^""J™" a, c happily awaiting thei, 
our pas.or wl.ic _ .»« '- > J ' i^crvening' lime Bro. Ru,,el 
coming .he fir,, of the year, in ^^^ nsked [o fi( ., vc tUe 

Welter, who is spending ,ome i.ine „ A , our December 

church. Our regular attendance , I in 1 ling n, choini 

council will. Eld. Samuel Bowser as modc^a.or. «^^ ^ ^ ^ 
,0 ,erv. as .filer for another year. .. ■ ■ ^ L .^ „ nli „„ing 

our Sunday-school .upcnnicndenl. ""' „. ' M „, D . p. Schechier, 
to grow with new pupil, nearly every aunu , 

Ba.lle C.eek, Mich, Dec. 18 ^.^ .„ ,„ c 

Elmdale-Our church 1, boldjn, |m „, c „„ „„„,„ L a. 

process ol changing 'a.'""- " "' Wg ,,ave no. as ye. secured a 

Ss 8 warwJi^.P.c|n"^a71a, scr vice anil «;-;!; 
in.e.e,. very much. We are IM" 1 ^™ D cc. 7 and elecled 
Dee. 23. The church me. ,n "™Y\, «,„,,,„ „ elder;. Bro. Ceo. 
S*c:;k. 1 "anal1r,!.r' C Minni. wiland, cor,e.ponde„..-L i „ic G. 
Lcece' Al.o, Mich., Dec. 20. 


, ,-, a C„e, our last eotre.pondence four have been 

South Red Cloud.-S.nce our .'as. B ,a„.ed. We re- 

.added to the ebureb by baptsm, one tetter .^ ^ f _ Thc Sunday . 

"K^rgantd'S^ban W^-™-- {^SS 

mon in two week,. Mrs Alma. Pa rk.r. ^^_ Mrj L>Ji a Wagoner, 
T U.. is to t've an adores. ■ 
Sauth Red Cloud, Ncbr., Dec. 1/. 


Secy ebuech me. in council Dec. , ---- .^TI ^ry 
officer, lor .he coming >«"; ^^ij . " Messenger " agent Vestal 
Srn to W?u,P«v^ si gint KJ-J, « tani-ed. an ^a 

Conklin, Su.rey. N. Dak., Dec. 19. 


. . ,«,nifr,.cd thi. autumn in 

D-vlse-A splendid "g'J ,5 ™ S have been be.ttr. Bro. 
,he church work, .hough the ''~ nI , , t ,a|k, during th. 

C . E . Weaver ol California '^ J]J"^„ ats „ w « an appeal for 
Thanksgiving season. IB. ' ■" c W . pfiillips, made .he Christ- 

better Christian living- Our »■"■»'•>; B „, „,„ „, during .he 

mas Season mo.. '"»•"■»«*' ^aniiig ol Chri,.mas. Ou. annual 
mon.h of December on lb. true ■« Dcc a „ wbich „„,. a 
"Whit. GUt •• Chrijlma. .er .« e v ^ ^ ^ ^ appca , , ,, s 

pageant was given by the B. a- r . substancc amounted to 

of'sell. scire, and e Ihc g if.s I ^^ „, „, ,„„, 

S ,70 .o be u,.d for world- w.d. s, .^ ,. . ^ baJ rf h « y 

rTiou,' way', 'hiring ' tta .ummer.-Pcarl Ro„, Danville, Ohio, 

Dec. M- . ... Dcc ,. , vi ,h Eld. Sylvan Book- 

Gce, B etown niei in l °" d ,a„ville Miniuch of West 

w.ltcr in charge hid". ■ ?■ ^"^'J,^ Member, lor .be variou, 
Miltos wee present to a.d Bookwal ,„ w „ elder for two »"•"',„,„ hio, Dec. 19. 
years— Nora i-m 

(Continued on Page 161 





(Continued From Page "> 

r -"££«* ££ g ve a taik o, ft. 

On Saturday morning Bro. Heisey. g m _ 

nece ssity of fearlessly con.ess.n8 Or£ »*. ^ 

stances if we would receive h«-P w£re wo 

W as followed by the baptumal ^ afur . 

men baptized. The «>»* ■J^™.™^, the election of 
noon. The most ,mporUntb"s,ne s sw ^ 

officers and comm.ttees »' *e year^ 9 ^^ . ^ 
chosen elder; Bro. Lo I Tang^ u. Trca surer. 

Neher, English secretary. Bro. Chao Fu Lfflg, 

The regular e-mina.ion serves P rep» tory 
communion, were held on Sunday afternoon ^ 

munion was held in the -—J* «£, ~*. grounded 
boys' school. Forty-e.ght bretbr en and M « ^ ^ 

the Lord's table and par. «* of ^"™? rooms of the 
ters repaired to one of the class re ^^ 

school for * «2*SroSTcSS are begging 
ing was excellent. The cnin christian serv- 

,o realize the value of he \<«-™*™*£L This sort of 

There was a genera, spirit o « — -£# — 
ings this year. Bro. Kuo Shu Me. one ^ 

crated of the church leaders, took ™ Jden y ^ 
time the Bible class was to open His he 

in .,aw were to have """'^aay of the baptismal serv- 
passed on to h,s reward on he day o UK I- and 

ices. He was highly «P««ny' *">o.e^ ^ 

Tplrtaal life for having been tested. Walter J. Hetsey. 
Shou Yang Hsien, Shansi, Chimr 

, answer this question; bu, l^J%££~5& 
ones give a tithe, or some of them do. _ l ^ ^ do 

ones give a tithe, or some o, nem uu. r do 

folks do no. give as they should,. * . M££ ^ ^ b % 
b e,.er, on being n^^.^ h«rd when a. home, 
transformed church, is a saying 
The India church is on the way, we wish to «"™» 

The moral. There is some unrest, -°« "^ large 
ing in our Gujarat, church Some, y , fa ^ 

families, are wondering whether ft ey f » fc 

work or not, or what they can do ■ g.v . le J^ A 
you say this is a blessing. It is, bu t ^^ 

smaller budget? It, too, may be .««« ^ 

for more indigenous r esources W e^cou? age ^ ^ 
help, financially lly mor volun. ^ ^ ^ 

witnessing for Jesus. Tins is all 1 goo [d _ 

whole story Wc pray for ^te - to w ^ ^ ^ 

»«£=££= ^ --7 JET 

Anklesvar, India. ' 


^.^Mr^ R "-Wea^o^d-ch„ ra in 

■ a here again ftis winter with his family. They are wel. 
p!eased with present and future prospects .__ 

I am wondering »^«V'™S,* see * is 
crowded districts or .so fated from a jHH-ch «* n<jt 

Falfurrias, Tex. .-•-. 


"ZXt&ZSZ invite and urg-ner churches 


? ese' resoiuLs «e adopted on Dec. 2 an reque sUd 
given as wide publicity as poss.ble and a copy 

HOO H V a e rold Hicks Hester, Moderator, Garfield Community 
Jennie Campbell, Clerk. 



Are facts welcome? Always? They are terribly stub- 
born things. One has to face them, whether he wills to or 
no One has to make decisions, and some decsions affect 
otner^nd they suner, and we suffer £.<££*% 

of fte New." The one who wrote this is a B.ble school 

St °„ e "he work on this side, whether wisely or otherwise, 
there was an unwritten law to the effect that one who 
was prepared for, and was really counted worthy of scrv- 
mg in the mission as teacher or evangelist was ^.» 
If found useful and capable, he was retained and there 
grew up the feeling that this was for hfe. Of 
««nt years, we are raising up better educated young peo- 
rr., for a place in the mission. Moreover, ,. 
s em"d clear that some older workers were no. getting re- 
sutT They "lost out," you say. They did not study, d.d 
not grow; therefore, they had little influence. It was 
though good to give a number of such a reasonable bonu 
and k. .hem become independent This bonus was .hough, 
sufficient to give them a start too, in busmess. 

But "poor" years followed. That is, crops .were , poor 
for two consecutive years and they got mto debt, rather. 
Due to the Board's deficit too, others were given, 
likewise, and set free. Then, this year's not.ce ***4rt. 
"cut" an already reduced budget came. The sam .hold. 
for 1929 There are a dozen men, their wives and chUdren, 
in the Bible school. There are sixteen or twenty young 
men in normal school preparing for teachers and the, -are 
fine lads, too. These latter, all, and several of the B be 
school students will want work from next May. There is 
no doubt of the need for teaching-teaching, forever till he 
comes. And thousands are willing to be taught 1 But 
teachers can't teach without support. Our budget will not 
allow us to take on more workers. 

Moreover, in our recent mission conference it was voted 
to ask the Board to return missionaries now on furlough. 
They ought to come back in the fall of 1929. There .s no 
doubt about India's need of them. Again, it was deeded to 
keep the Bible school running continuously for ten months 
instead of for six months only; and I am not sure we shall 
have money sufficient to do this. I am no plea. 
Merely stating facts as I understand. 

Perhaps you wonder whether the India church is doing 
her share. That is a fair question. I fear I am not nt 

years as pastor following its organization .Others who 
have had pastorates in Omaha are: Bret hren w. vv 
B ugh, Farfs City, Neb,; J. J Johnson, Spi.^**; 
and Milton D. Royer of Wichita, Kans. L. A. Walker 

"V7ZXSS'*. "Id church and parsonage were sold 
to the colored Methodist people who were coming mto the 
neighborhood in large numbers. This plant was only about 

fi XodX»L in a new part of the city was secured 
and fhe outlook for aggressive work is very ^raging. 
The new structure is of English design, constructed of 
clinker brick and stone. The total cost of the church, ots, 
a d e ui ment is approximately seventeen thousand dollars 
Within the past year a good seven-room parsonage has 
been secured near the new church. 

The church is composed of about seventy working mem- 
b«T and fe partly under the support of the District Mis- 
sion Board of Nebraska. The indebtedness on the church 
and parsonage is about $6,000. 

Omaha is a growing progressive city of 220,000 and the 
Chu" h of the Brethren should have a bright future ,n th.s 
great metropolitan center. Omaha has good schools and 
universities, and those who are contemplating a change m 
Ztions a™ invited to consider Omaha as a future home. 
Omaha, Nebr L. A. Walker. 

1^ e „„U that the 6..J «... •**«'*£& J G..£° «" 

Fte-H^™.-^ Rev. Pie»o» Y, h " K ^r »J E»"h" 
,2 ,928, Mr. John W. FtodR *£*\£"%y£{, ba 
,„ of Kackloy. K.ns.-Florence A. I.K, J £n . 

S'»*Ai-u O. Co,,,..,. N« 

i Enterprise, Pa. 


We started off on the first Thanksgiving of our existence 
with an offering for home missions of one dollar per mem- 

b Tam sure if all our churches would have done as much 
the deficit would soon be wiped out and .here would be 
more missionaries on the fields with more and better equip- 

m Our Sunday-school has set aside one Sunday each month 
the offering to be used as a building fund. As yet we have 
no churchhouse and are badly in need of one to do efficient 
work. This is truly a field "already wh.te for harvest. 

But we need more efficient workers and I trust th.s will 
invoke some to come to our assistance. 

We are three hundred miles from the nearest active 
church and have only one minister in this broad field. 

We think there is a great future for southwest Texas. 
Citrus fruit is well past the experimental stage; dairying, 
cotton raising and watermelon growing are leading indus- 
tries; while early vegetables, fruits and many other crops 
are coming well to the front. _ 

The soil is very fertile and of a sandy loam in nature. It 
is underlaid with a clay subsoil and the best of 
water Land is very reasonable but fast advancing ill price. 
For health and climatic conditions is very desirable. 
Our Mennonite friends are colonizing in our community 
and are here from many states and Canada. Their pub- 
lication editor from Pennsylvania spent several month, 
here last winter, and his health so improved that he 

Laura uaKer oi .. a.*-- — 


year., 10 months and 22 days. At .««=. y ^ ^.^ M 

low. and ten years later wen « (-°lo raoo Ca)i|oraia where .„„, 

S. Flory and .even years later they »°« a h child „„, ft„ of whom 
have lived since. To .... °" °„ ,h"e e %rand Sdren, a hro.her and two 

j&iws v "1^3' hs,°i; b ceo:t'a™2eS 

.™ s tl d hy a rSfciTiSS- ^S,i eemete,y.-U,and , 
B„baker., Cahl. died at 

Bower., 'Samuel N. bor. .. F "* ! ™ 1 ' 1 ^ U "^," „as doe lo heart 
bis home in Waynesboro, Pa. Dec 2, >»«■ H a raemb er 

„ouble with which he ..flere but a lew ho ^ ^^ 

of .he Lutheran Church. He is >«""™ / by L i 9 fi„, marriage. 
Sarah (Friedly) Shr.der and two ** > £ L . Esling „, 

S " ViCC r,°^d L °H M°l.ovr. I«™en,i" the graveyard adjoi.- 

^JSJiiVte ^^berlugh-er a, Normanda, 
,n^^: ^a^^^^s a, ,h« home by 

was married to Catherine Oe^ 2S g m* - „ e 

in Tipreeanoe County. Ind d.ed m »J»""- 18a) a „ d lived a devout 
74 year. «nd 19 „ d »\ *%„™\* d be"„ in lading be.lth lor some 
Christian life till death. She had been J ^ an<jiilti „ g| 

yea,, and last Apnl called « * ' ° „„„,„ work . Her last which .he .mproved .uffi™.. 1. to do^ ^^ ^^ 
sickne.s was of two weeK. a " r " d daughter., 

March 20. 1876; he t wo on. a nd ^ ' , w0 daU8h . 

geandchddren four a^-^t^b , „"d for ,.me years led. keenly 
,er. preceded her. The bushandO„„ B ^ by ^ unicr 

£•£-^15: Seb oTZ-phren. jnterment in the cemetery 
„ Fy,mont.-J. O. Stinebangb, Ros.v.lle Ind. p 

GJa, Si.te, Maria, died a. er home „e a W„. .rtorc,^ rf 
Dec. 12, 1928, aged 77 year., 1... tbr e toy a ,„, , te m a rr i.d 

Frederick and El.aabcth (Bver.) ' orcm.r.. . To (his un , on 

Allen M. Good who preceded her • » ,_ chi]dhood . Sur- 

were born nine chddrcn, three ot brotte „. At the 

viying .re three daughter, three so™ ^.^ ^ ^ 

age of nineleen she gave her heart lo >"= slro . >e , aUh . The 

Church of lh= Brethren. »'""*„,;, in h „ Me. At the begi.- 
Chri.tian graces were abundanO, ".»""• ™ „ oioUd and re- 

ar^pa^S ttermen,^ 
boro. Pa. 

l Hi . Brola died in the Hanover General Hospital, Dec. 


Lutheran. Burial in Mummert cemctery.-Myrna M. r.rc,u 

B ^'h.„» Scot, Wilson .£» ■» Oaibot™ ■^"^""•^ 
Nov. 27, 1928. at the home of her son UK. . ^^ ^ 

aged 83 years, 8 month. !"* * ™£;.souri a „ d remained there 

T "?'%°'ol'fh=°c!"l Wa^ t m she married John Tipton Mason, 
the close ol tnc i_ivn n<u. . ■ WL ., e b orn five 

They established a Chr.sMn .om. « d to gra „dehil- 

f M "" Sb /r.'T™«rnbc,oi he" Brethren Church and lived a cor, 
SS.Jfc~.i."n B her husband in his work as a pastor untd h,s 
death in 1B».-Mr.. M. D. Roycr, Wich.ta, Kans. 
* »»»* ■? - ^"bE. S i "ht , lS"ber , 's. n Sk N a"Io 

lerv-ratVhe Wcs^chcsrer cEcht Bro. »- «"— 
Mrs. Ada Mishler, South Wh.tley. Ind. 

Miller, Henry, horn near Dayton. Ohio, died a£ the home ol W 

SetdfwLt^h; t| Arcadia and buried beside h, compan.on m 
nrunCrtun^'Siee'^rVrLd'i'a 'church b/ Eld. .. B. WiUe. 
—Sarah Kinder, Arcadia, Ind. 
Peter, Catherine Eller daughter o! John and KaUe E^W - 

sstsna a £« jr.- &.* - >»^- ->f d 

^hfurtdl^t^'memhcT'trrp^/ carried Cary^ 
John,. Feb. 11. 1858. To . » a- ~ »rn t ™,J^ died „, 
husband was called ,n 1862 o »"' » '" , n 18S4 , h . „a,ried 

typhoid fever m the of the Mow „ g y daugh t.r 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1929 
astacTOcmoioiXrx m srS^^ 


By Mary S. Haviland 


A book of 197 poses abounding in wholesome material 

that will help every mother as she dirccta her baby from 

birth to the age of four. Sane, sensible, concrete. A book 

for teacher* of beginners and for mothers. 90c. 


Every Brethren Home NEEDS 

TheGospel Messenger 

For church news at home and abroad, for live 
discussions of many subjects, for strong editorials, 
lor personal mention ol prominent workers, lor a page 
of world .ctiritiea. lor prayer mcetim, ."fit '°' 
general Information and in.pnatvan, THE GOSPEL 
MESSENGER will prove your best friend. SUB- 
SCRIBE TODAY. SZ.00 for 52 weeks. 

For 1923 Yearbook, add 10c 
Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 


Books and Prices for Which You Have Been Looking 1 

You may use this for your order blank 

Redding, Lewis J., was born i 
J8S8, and died at Fruita, Colo., 
months and 12 days. He united 
when he was eleven years old and 
life. He was united in marriage 
To th 

, Laporte County, Ind., Sept. 28. 
Dec. 10, 1923. aged 70 years, 3 
with the Church of the Brethren 
continued a faithful member all his 
to Mary F. Shinkle, July 4, 1880. 
and three daughti 

r d ' i " i " , ^^ i '^t;veo y ,hc s ch„;cf., c ^rtr^ 

:!cc.ed^Sr^s,,f\e' C epa^d^imse,, for that sacred^hng 
and preached extensively .n eastern 9° lor " „ "'/assisted by Elders 

Z. Sharp, Fruita, Colo. 

,. ' „ l. t. „ ri. n rv T died at his home near Abbottstown, Pa., 
., S ^i"sS'.«^ ™ year,, 9 month, and .* day, 

SS to ;»=>»"\»Uadre„ e,h F„ n „er a r , a se n rc ra°.' h" Mu»! 
leave, hi, wile and severs 1 children ■ ru"er* • hou „ b EU . 

mer, meetrnghouseby Eld^C L.Jake,a ^_^ ^ ^^ 

Harwood Danner. i»ur.<ti u 
Myrna M. Kreider, East Berlin, Pa. 

. j i- j,„„„,,r of Henrv and Mary (Roadcap) 

l^lorty 8 ^£* ^^JX horneSaf StfE 
IZff&ttS*** Brethren, being .baptized by an 

■thren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

Please send me the book, checked below. I enclose . 

Q Practical Christian Workers' Library. 10 vol.. $18.00 

U M.dar.n's Exposition, of Holy Scripture. 17 «"-»«*„. 

(When present supply is exhausted the will be $17.50) 

D Expositor'. Bible. 6 vols. $17.50 

□ Expositor's Greek Testament. 5 vols. $17230 

D Expositor'. Dictionary of Text.. 2 .ol.. $9.00 



Your Opportunity to add thee. Foundation Books to Your Library at 

Lowest Prices. Carnage extra. 


M vmac xx xwr w 



m.......i.. . . . » *a. 

„ of that church of Peters Creek Va., 
held her membership at the time of her di 
two brothers and two sisters. Funeral servi 
by Eld. A. E. Nead. Interment in the ch 
J. H. Thomas, Johnson Ctty, Ten" 

which congregatic 
th. She is survived by 
s at Knob Creek church 
■ch cemetery near by.— 

Winand, Irvin D. C, died 
man, near Hidlersburg, Pa., 
grippe, Dec. 12, 1928, aged 
suffered from heart trouble 

at the Latimore cemetery <•.»-•■ ~ — 

Baker, assisted by Eld. W G. Group and R 
odist.-Myrna M. Kreider, East Berlin. Pa. 

home of his sister, Mrs. Ira Har- 

of heart trouble, following an attack of 

a .., rt S months and 9 days. He had 

four years. He was buried 

ith services in the church by Eld. C. L. 


. S. J. Pittinger, Meth- 

MONTHLY a ™ dance F o a r w ^r c »av SCHOOL 


Ind.; A. P. Blongh, Vice-Cha.rman, 131 i Grant _ Ave^ wa ^ 

H. H. Nye, Elirabethtown Fa. Lev, Gars S alem. V. J 

MI 4th St., La Vjrne Cah ; . \ f • fS, & Roanoke, Va. General 

Rap.ds, Iowa: L. C. Moo™'"' 2J-> " m E j uc aiional Secretary, H. 

& r &uSS. g^BS&SBl-i» M. R. Zigler. Elnin, DL, 

Treasurer Clyde M. Cvlp, Elgin, 111. 

ireasurer, v.., Chairman Elizabethtown, 

Pa 8 "*? 1 ^^ry Ed V?cSi,7i?ma K „. D b arev I il=" r V?J' L. W Shnl,, 

fary and Director of Youn, People '» Work, C. H. I^'ff; Edifor! 
5 l l Di ^rVJin Ch li Assign. ■E?itr', Ifald Newcomer. Elgrn. HI. 

fn'n Medical Edneatioo, 821 S l'"!.'^*'!^^'^ egii Panl 
Wieand, Beihany B.We School; E. 9' °i~ e . 7 Vtal„h W lehlosser, Eliaa- 
H. Bowman. Bridgewater-Dalevdle System ltalp|VV.oe ^ 

hethtown College; M . G B -.J ■ J™*^ ™S » f V. F. 

I'i"; M.PhmS cllleue; O. W. Neher. Mt. Morns College. 

S. J. Miller. V.ce-Cha.rman 2017 5tt , S.L, i.a Y | rolI ii„ r A.s.stant 

B^thren Pnhlishmg H"^™?? ^ p^SSSK Vic^ChSan', 

Va.; J. B. Emmert, 2627 4th St.. "V«ii(,w,J ^ 

R'otnoke A 'v'..f e nf,'.. R gS' d .'»d^,Lr:' tSTSJi. Elgan. HI, 

Andltln^C^mrrtU-E. M. Buttcrhangh, S2S Ea.t Induna Ave.. 

Memt>er or «n j Philadelphia, Pa. 

"c^rat^way rL^rlea, Ag.nW- F. Applenaan. Plymouth, 

The* cards present Bible subjects in full _ "lor» W 
i " iT .1,. numbers ten to a package, togetn" wltn * 
furnish the nunibera i ten _ to v q{ ^ Mrd 

seals, enough for 5 bun<iays in a mu 

is iy^.(, inches. Price, 25c a package of 10. 
Added to our already splendid line of original Sunday- 
Aaaeo. iu uui Attendance Awards— a 


stories in pictures. 

Each Sunday the schola 
the proper seal to the 
distribute the 

" C ° rd , .i. ,,^. in a conspicuous place each Sun- 

By keeping the cards in a cons, mi j« h , , fa 

N o \ Th. Stars of Creation. A peacelul night scene ha 

58 N d „ f "Th'. B^g of the T„ple. DepicUng work on 

c i _ ■„ T f mnlf Seals: Stones. 

Solomon . £^Jf' • Dcpictfag ,he miraculous 

No. 7 Consider the LOto* Happy children gathering 
"S Tru. tllS**" Ap-epherd o, the Holy 
U N ". d "^e « ^'^r-'Mother h.nehird and her 

"n„ *£%?!£%■ * "»«" — '" ,U " °' , ° nliB '"- 

■SL^TliTS Poac Tne prophecy o, fsaiah vivid- 
ly portrayed. Seals: Plowshares. 

,ffiv.,i* Seals: Christmas Bells. 

\ r.;nt7> this rule of lite, aeais: «joii";u aa.-— -. 

'" , ■ , • ,. being recgnixeJ. These Monthly Attendance Award Cards secure 

Your boy. and g.rl. appreciate being recgru*. nk 

regular attendance and a, the same tin,, give .he hoys and girls a h-rt* -- 

Th" e Who have used them say that .bey are we,, worth wui.e. Orn.r by number. 


a-Hinnnu -ri 








* * * . „,..„!. „f ih. Brethren, 

Woodbury.— Two very imprcsi 
,ngr CBa <ion Oct. 18 and 25. 

ci^ n TIL as Second-class Matter. 
Entered at the Postoffice . f ^ ^| £ provi dcd for » 

Acceptance for mailing at *P ^ al ™ ? C auth H ori .cd August 20. 1918. 
section 1103. Act of Octon. 



Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued From Tagc 13) 

■I Nnv 27 Reports from all departments 

committee reported one P" b,ic m e ^ ^Catherine Geyer receded the 
.hire were seven contestant* anu iwaa r . llr . lles The finance com- 
nrcua. given b, -he Ohio .State Council Cta,*» "^ „, y 

mittce presented the budget for >»» „„„ do |„g good work 

,o m the obligation, f »' »' | j financial result.. The 

fcwss Tr"=l L?^r^^"7= 
5 ^™rVl'B? : z ■££» »;.; 

revival, which lasted t.U Dee. "• "™: " . „» „[ leading the sing- and Sister Austin had such a pta »M *« ,.„„, „„ thc , 

E, that Folk, desired BK» She organ,, lha ,' oddcd ,„ , hc interest, 
appeared With a nun ber o en „ c „ d „« was excellent. 

a, did her lesson. b ™nght tn .torn s ,wen.y-.i> con- 

r.^.Tr««« astsrsns ~ 


■ v.M We are enioying spiritual leasts by our 
Altoonn (Tv.en.>-..Ehth).-We arc en, s I fathers and 

pastor, and in his absenc b, _» Jas strvrf E , 

The women's Bible class, taught by our pastors wiie. ; „ 

e.".< mu.ei.l ""■ ?>; ' "r"ba«n,e». oi the ebureh. The 
ludienee, lollowed b, a social .n » » ' ,„ , he iudi ,„,ium 

offering ol fX went »»»d P»J»"°^° ™ „ su ^ ed , h , obligation o 
of the ehurch. The Sisters Add Socie^ ^^ , 

purebasmg carpet rt. cost o ^ ^ cta cleaned so <ht 

was laid the wans were iw .„„„,_ We are lookirfg torwara to 
it „o„ presents a P'"""'"', "j Brougbe, ol Grccn.bnrg. Pa., to 
Set^T^i-^. K. Brumbaugh. Al.oona, 

Pa Dec 22. 

might be II directed ,„ the right »*?• to A ^ „„„,.„„„„„ of our 
ol recreation was enjoyed by, »«'•»" * Rhododendron Park, Loys- 
own people but by a J™ 1 "?^ S.Sl the election .1 church 
.die. At the July and October enure. .^ ^ busiress Br0 

and Sunday-school officer, was '" , mother year and 

D. B. Haddocks o A toon, was reefcc „» ^ B ^ 

„„, P"tor was reelec cd to two yca s- ^ ^ 

and Fo Campbell were elected sup. d a<scs automatically ad- 

September was F— D °"an 'T "great da" The attendance was 
voiced. Oct. 7 was MW *"» ith lhe highest average attend- 

= -SH ^St"^,nre»np"-^ 
latter pa.sed to his f'" 1 " 1 , " „ ,„i Ziegler ol Williamsburg, priot 
i ° g Vhe' :, ?ove 7 ,e. r s. P »nd OT com»u„b;» wa, to the member. 
a.d'b, seven »<«« ^' ^T^Vl^. There 

Wh a, wou,d our^rcbes do ., a» ..--c.bcr. _«- o 
mumon on e? Our service gavc a ^^^ Fa , h „ 

grtJs. wttb thc.I teacber •^■' ji a ju „ ior feague a. a tryout. 
Tune." early » I ^be l»»: J* ' l ° B f , „„, comc b ef„,e eounc.l soon and 
but they arc so mcely tnai . active. Many 

^thepastor^home -bey tarne onge„ough h ,o « Jc»c, ^ 
president of the Aid society w»s n V P D. members are 

?-he Aider, are « »» "» , ^unre.f'hne.s and service 
a,,„ very AJ » ~ e HoM f ys a „d are enjoying the sp.r.t of 
We are in the midst «»"?«, „„ h eld the Sunday evening 
Christmas Our Cbr,,tm. , = n, "' a '°™\„ ith „, sc ason. It brought to 

readers a prosperous and happy year is inc brcc,. h 
e?.end..-M„. H. Paul Cox, Bellwood, P.., Dec. 26. 

D Mia T^'^ g s,»e, , td s "^t;rli^lt^ 1 tb:^oVna:r 

p,fdg W eram,unUn a g to abou" el.O. -Elieabe.h B. No... Lebanon, P., 
Dec. 19. 

, . -,-uirM were held in our 

will 611 Hi. vacancy. J™;.*™' P „, A. Stayer, seeretary, J. »■ 
Olher ehurch officers electee were i n (he writer corre 

^X-nT d i-nL,r:rct.ifs ^ r ri -.g r -j». 0u . 

who were privileged to attena- 


.ooh Cre.,-,is,er B-. SU^., J -^HToT, R — 
rhe,^r:^rOc%^ C ^-,ve.rround^ I 

= i;;SidCn:r^sS so„i,g.- 

son City. Tenn.. Dec. IS. A M Lounbrun 

New Hope church me. .n %«%*,££■*„ dented .ecre.aryi Sjn for another year^ «-","»„. .. Me.scngcr " agent. 

'tool superintendent, D^ C Morre 1 ^ ,„ ,„ „ m - 

it ter. correspondLiit- i« -i.-tric f.Ehts rut m the 

Lh the work "'.B'"'".";^'™ offering wa. taken 

l w» had a Thanksgiving sen il Sunday morning, 

for .'be hime work". Bro Long*™ ^ *rf .o-s^u ncly 

Dee. 9. on the .ub.cct. Have U.t " M K . Clark, Jon.sboro. 

scries of meetings sometime 

Tenn., Dec. 22. 

,929 _ YEARBOOK - 1929 


Should b. ni every Brethren homo. ONLY T 
Elgin, Illinois 



oodcr th. direction of 

Bethany Bible School 

an't come to B.tb»»y •■ will bring B.tbony to y«" 
Correspondence-Study Depnrtmoot 
3« S Von Buren Str-t. Cbleogo. W*>* ^^ 

If you i 


u. Rowe recently dc 
;arl Single Thomas, John 

ached i 

n -.( »,<, wnrtriv vounc brethren, Landis Baker, 
r.S-S June^been actively »« X dJn work in 

!?..„ Rosetta Cottrell as vice-president. This organisation bos been 

™£TSBB$. B£rt=L!l Ba^d'poree"; 

,., a'notbe, ,»r «%°SrJE2 b^.b " hrTsun J "cbtu'Sn 
S"Se 8 3^Bore«. b C»«, n et New'Enterp,.., Pa., Dee. 20. 


support of toreign ■»' S!,0 '""f*; k "°'.V The group plan created so 
,h, PP second group cuntc't °> 'be "^J, ,,<=,„, d ose of . he J^ 

proved to be interesting. *'»f» „* "Lthi A good par. of 
T' S ^^cV J h 1n'XwaTr e . n i ed°'b "»«"» social. Wjto^ 
£.r.S °»,'reg'lr offerings tj-*- j£jS»l£.*~ t 
to the every member canvass. " attendance ol about 

county was held a. our ^"""J.'K B „. Raymond Peters^ 
120. Visiting speakers were Bro. iv. P „ s byterian Cl.urch.- 

Si.ter Elsie Shickcl, and Rev. K. u. = 

Aimed. Alderman. Floyd, Va Dec^ » _ ^.^ 

. Ifa ^rr rprea;nerh£en H 'sV,i,h.lcd 0or ™onS | a»dheld 

3 Sed a^as SySSS^ 
met in conned Dee. 7. Bro. M. u, > olhcr c ,, urch officer. 

Hon, respectively.-Mrs. J™" , evangelistic scrv- 

Tr.utviUo.-Bro. E F. Sherfy began a ems No> . ]g 

- ^^s: .--iiih^g- s:;i,^g^he,S 

from the regular sermon, »™ . /J"^. s c ho „l s and about twenty 
talk, to the children each «cni«. X ^ hc peop ,c „«„ 

Lr. Eld. M. J. Cline. cc»d""=d 'he T hank , , ^^ ^ v „ y 
in. was made a special leature an t |ond ^j,. 

gratiiyingi lor church e-penses, »»u«. " ' „ The |, fc „, 

lion,, S»260. The church met tn co» Br[j M j chne . 

officers were elected ***"££■ correspondent. One member was 
clerk E. C. Firestone: the writer, co .- lelt e rs were granted, 

eeiied from the ftc."."* *^££%£o and gave Bro. 
Quite a large number me at tbe^ parson. ^ T ,„utville, Va. 

Cline and lamily a pound shower, m™ s= 


n i , „,., in council Saturday, Dec. IS. to elect 

Okanogan Valley churcn met w.d.lell was chosen elder; 

ehurch officers for .he coming year Bro. J. fc cfctk . a ,„, Bro. 

?' M -vTncr* ensure," Our o»ng people are preparing a ^program 
James Wagner, treasurer, u , Sunday bclore Christmas. We 

Spcctt-avribc. «s~h rsssriraK 

SSaS* ^0^^;. mi-nary «- Seivard, 
Y.W»..-On.bccvcolr.os. SMU.S P are do ,ng there 

S;S- cnio^'V^ing service, wer^heU. ^ Aishor, 

Co^ 'AToTer-g K.^;Str H "W^ 
,h. General Mission fund On Sond, ■•» „ S , , alk on ,„, Near 
inglon occupied the C. W. hour by giving ^ ing 

S. rebel. 'and told of the »»'t'the wok On' account of the 

& ass sat ££» rs=?--^ass^ 

rendent, ,0, the l*™^ a ™»' president" Tlle 'yonng people 
„i7s»^rn"e%rem,!,»°^» 3 v'p. K Two of -r member. 
„„ the building committee having moved away, ~ ^^ 

put on-Brother Will Dameron and A. E. Cable. Bro. ' 
« t=" d d C° W" cc^ettU'Ti* Simliysldc' a'n" Ou.lUk which is 

our councils monthly as we nave on, ^ A ,dinger is oor 

„e. Dec. 6 to reorga oc , cbrt indent 

president and Si. ,r IMdre __ v . cc . pre5i(knt . account 

and treasurer, and cns'ii » .bildren will be somewhat disap- 

pS;;^ -K^^Hrin?.n-^o^ wS 
E,Their P, "'", d 'an b , U l""."?he C fi'u'Han £"= Ufted.-Katie Baldwin, 
Yakima,. Wash., Dec. 2.^^ VIRG , N , A 

J— ehurTand^ bad a series ol meeting, .binh ,£»»■ 
ducted by Bro. Erra Pike. 1 our wer c interesting during 

baptism. Our Snnday-schnol ba^l ™"™^ ™ 'conduced by Ells- 
"«nj- and ^ematS ." W wa, "received .0, missions which 
Ta, «" .0 the Ceneral Mission Board-Nettie Harman, Harman, W. 
Va., Dec. 18. 

Art Velvet Wall Mottoes 

Pour page, in »r C-M- «* ■ «£ LT-£ 
Velvet Wall Mottoe. to Colors. Because they are in c 
I can no. show them here. The Picture, on these Mottoe. 
a™ faithful reproduction, o, Fam.u, tatfa» J*» 

w a .„ ,11 of the most l.clpiul kind- The Moltoc. arc 
^Itn^n^ndtachi, a. hingo, beauty. Pnee. 

'^r^^Iare desirable a. walldeeoratiohsh. 
J£ I Hable for the cheer they bring, the be,,.. *e 
"mlort. the sermon, they preach and the good .nuuence 
they silently wield. 

A,, velvet Mnt.c are suitable lor home,, hospitals, 
depots, offices, Sunday-.chool and mission rooms. 

Sec them m our Catalogue No. 2, and you will wan. them. 

Elgin, Illinois 

I " I Enjoy Those Letters " jj 

Writes one who has traveled abroad extensively 
in speaking of 


By Otho Winger 

The reason he .ni.ys them is because Bro. Winger 
dcLbc, Persons, places and ever,., so , ta M ttar .« and 

h.lore Hie reader. " Let.ers From Foreign Lands 

TiL':: along so rapidly and pleasantly ^^ 

,„ he in Movlo Lnd. Von lorget lime and distance as 

L your own hoffie you take this » trip mround the world.' 

All this for just SZ- 


Elein. IlUnois 


A Standard Accredited College 

Offers Thorough Courses in 

The Liberal Arts and Fine Arts 

Wholesome City Environment 

Christian Campus Influences 

Adequate Laboratory and Class Room 


Registration for Second Semester 
January 28, 1929 

Special Curricular Provision for Students 
Entering Second Semester 

Ministers' and Church Workers' 
Regional Conference 

February 5, 6, 7, 8 

For Further Information Write 
V. F. Schwalm, President,, Kan.. 

B &9r94S»£erS£rC«e*^^ 

The GospelJIessenger 

" ' ' "Till wc all attain unto . . - the stature o 

■■ Thi. Gospel o, the Ktartom shall be preached 
in the whole world. —Matt. lf>. 11. 

"THY KINGDOM COME" — M«tt 9. io ; Luk. u. 2 

the fulness of Christ."— Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 78 

Elgin, 111., January 12, 1929 

No. 2 

In This Number 

Editorial— 17 

To Extension Add Intensity 17 

A Text That Always Fits, .."... 17 

The Best Law 17 

Find the Center Firat, ' 24 

Among the Churches, 25 

Around the World. ■••••■;•■• 25 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) 

General Forum— , c ,. 18 

The Flight of is... £»=*„»» f J he BreSr.-Fs-r, 1 By 

Higher Education in the Lliurcn 01 me 18 

Too Much Overhead? By Paul F. £«*"*■ ... .- -^ „ 

If Only the Church at Home Could Know. By j ,, 

Some Brethren Pathfinders .-No. 13. By 'J- " x 

. .. „„„„,,;,„ Bv Samuel R. Mohlcr 

Amonr; the Mountami. By o. Sclirock M 

The Best Is Not Too Good. B, H- a G „ y a 

What Was the Rich Man s Sin? By »■» ff 21 

The Functional Meaning of S,n. By J. L. Hon. a 

Men's Work. By W. J- Werkman. ,. 

^^inhefi^By'o. D Thomas, J 

"What Is That to Thee?" By Olive A. Smith ■■■■■■■■ 

tn,eSr^lo^S^^Sy"odeUkerHinsU„ j 

His Loss. By Julia Graydon 

"^Z 1 r^ucnt. By Warren »-*. = ^^~-£ 
Rules for Ministers. By Oliver H. Austin 

Home and Family— Maud Newcomer 23 

The Golden Anniversary (Toem) By Maud £ B ,„gh 23 


Alter Christmas. By Maud MohW 1 


To Extension Add Intensity 

The world grows smaller all the time. So the say- 
in' g0 es. What is really meant is that the different 
parts of it become more and more dependent on each 
other. Intercommunication constantly increases. The 
interests of one group are more and more bound up 
with the interests of other groups. 

This was at the bottom of our thought last week 
about the enlargement of our loyalties. We found the 
Principle operating in both state and churchy Wee, 
that if we would continue to be true to he object of 
ou d votion, we must widen-the circle .of our interes 
Z as to include everything with which sa, obj to 
our devotion is related. And once we get that process 
to going well we can not stop until we have taken in 
L whole human race. This means mternationa hsm 
Interdenominationalism, inter-everything that has to do 
with human relationships. 

This is enlargement of loyalties by «"•?» £ 
ing out the boundaries. There ,s another kind, in 
tensite enlargement we may call it. This ,s enlarge- 
ment by going farther in, deeper down. 

Here is how it comes about: You discover that the 
thing to which you have been giving your thought 
your work, your heart, has within it a more precious 
SZ you had not known was there. The object of 
1"° interest if a cloak, an envelope, containing some- 
thmo richer, more nourishing. You have been enjoy- 
^he busk without knowing there was an ear of com 
inside. To get at that inner goodness you must break 
through the husk. Inevitably the center of your affec 
Twill be shifted. You can be true to you. -former 
lovaltv only by transferring it to the new center. You 
enlarge your loyalty by giving it greater depth, richer 

"t we are saying is that institutions are agencies 
insm ments, means to ends, and that they often change 
in order that the purpose of their being may be better 

SC Paul's accusers before Felix and Festus charged him 
wifh disloyalty to the faith of the father. He was 
teaching " against the law " and against the temple. 
He denied the charge. He insisted that he was faith- 
fully serving the God of their fathers admitting th 
he did it after the way which they called a sect. He it 
was that believed "all things which are according ;io 
the law and which are written in the prophets. It was 

they who were false to the fathers by insisting that 
the forms which they had set up must be preserved un- 
changed indefinitely. 

Paul was more loyal to the fathers than they, super- 
ficial appearances to the contrary notwithstanding. The 
enlargement of his loyalty was both extensive and in- 
tensive. He included more people in its scope and he 
put richer meaning into its content. 

Jesus in like manner was charged with disloyalty to 
the law and the prophets because his interpretation of 
them differed somewhat from the one that was cur- 
rent He denied the charge. He maintained that he 
was fulfilling the law, keeping it fully, carrying out 
more completely its true intent. And how marvelously 
he did enlarge the idea of loyalty to the sixth and 
seventh and third commandments ! 

The essence of loyalty to a cause is devotion to its 
ideals Whenever some new implication of these ideals 
is perceived, a new form of expressing them is likely 
to be needed. One's loyalty to the cause .s not to be 
challenged because he recognizes this necessity. In- 
deed that very loyalty will demand this. Only let him 
search his heart well to make sure that the center of 
his interest is the ideals for which the cause stands. 

Two pretty good test questions are: Does he enjoy 
the worship of God more than ever, and does he feel 
more like serving his fellow-men? If the proposed 
change in policy, program, methods, or whatever .t be 
bears favorably on these two points, there is a good 
chance that his loyalty to the cause is actually under- 
going enlargement. If it introduces a jarring note in 
his sense of divine communion, or gives the slightest 
encouragement to living selfishly, he would better be 
suspicious of it. . 

We have been speaking of loyalty to a cause, using 
the general term. You can make it more specific if 
you like, by substituting for that word some other, 
such as institution, doctrine, person, church Christ 
God The elegance of the rhetoric would be disturbed 
a little in some cases but the essential truthfulness of 
the statement would not be. Loyalty is always sin- 
cere allegiance to the spirit, principle, aim purpose 
ideals, of the person or thing which is the object of it, 
and the enlargement of that loyalty requires much ad- 
justment in the mechanics or means by which that in- 
ner spirit or principle is fostered. 

But without this enlargement we can not grow. And 
we must do that, or die. And the cause, the church, the 
kingdom, needs so much this enlargement of our 

'^anybody guessing that this thing of which we 
write is actually made up of such simple things as 
faith, trust, love? 

needs of his congregation best or give the most help to 
his people, he is not likely to make a serious mistake 
if he takes for his text: " He hath sent me to bind up 
the broken-hearted." 

A Text That Always Fits 

It is undoubtedly true that more people go to church 
to be comforted than to be taught, "to have a worn 
and wretched heart revived and cheered than to have an 
inquisitive mind instructed." This is a fact too im- 
portant to be forgotten. It must have constant atten- 
tion in the conduct of the public services. 

It means that the worship part of the program is at 
least as important as the sermon, if not more so The 
preparation of it should have its due proportion of time 
and care. And here the same thing is true that is true 
of the sermon. Its helpfulness is not necessarily meas- 
ured by its length. In worship programs as wel as 
in sermons quality counts for more than quant, y. 
Their value depends on the spirit which finds expres- 
sion in them. _„i,. 
And the sermon, too, may sometimes very well make 
direct contribution to this universal hunger for heart 
healing and new stregnth. When the preacher is hard 
put to it to decide what kind of sermon w.ll fit the 

The Best Law 

The divine life in Christian experience is rational, 
coherent, systematic, dependent on conditions which 
can be understood and met. It is law abiding, that is 
to say, as much so as any operation in the natural 
world. It is a different law that works in this field, 
that is all, but it is law, " the law of the Spirit of life 
in Christ Jesus." 

The law that Christians are freed from is " the law 
of sin and death," the law that is " a yoke of bondage," 
not " the law of liberty." 

Law in the sense of a consistent controlling central 
principle is operative everywhere in God's world, in 
grace as truly as in nature. Which is only to say that 
the blessings of grace are subject to conditions, that 
these conditions are well known and that compliance 
with them brings the beneficent result, absolute and 

sure. ., , . 

The law of the spiritual life is supernatural, if that 
word helps vou to appreciate its superior excellence, 
but it isn't unnatural or antinatural. It is rather the 
perfection of naturalness. It is the highest instance of 
uniform and fixed dependableness in the whole uni- 
verse We do not mean that its action is any more 
certain than the action of other laws but that ,t ,s 
equally certain and has the greatest bearing on human 
welfare. It is just as reliable as, for example, the 
laws of life and growth in the vegetable world, and 
more significant. It matters more. -It has to do with 

not mere existence but life, real life. 

Get acquainted with its beneficent workings. Lay 

hold on it. Rejoice in it. Know what a wonderful 

blessing law is-if it is the right law, " the law of the 

Spirit of life in Christ Jesus." 

Find the Center First 

What have you planned to work at this year most- 
ly? There is a suggestion in an old sermon that stnkes 
us as very good. It advises seeking first the interests 
of the kingdom of God. It refers to other thmgs but 
says that these can be added afterward. 

We like that arrangement. We are certain that it is 
best Let everything else center around the first thing. 
Whenever a question -arises as to this or that possible 
endeavor, the crucial point to fix is its bearing on the 
first thing. Will it help that, or hinder it? That con- 
sideration should make the answer easier, easier to 
find if not to follow. But an extra supply of grace 
should take care of the following also. 

A dear friend writes of a call to a much needed but 
dangerous piece of work. It is "better that an old 
horse than a youngster " should take this risk, he rea- 
sons, with an eye single to the welfare of the work, and 
so he is going. With such a principle at .die {oca. of 
his thinking the decision was not very difficult. Nor. 
with such unselfish devotion, was the execution of it. 

We are thinking of another dear old soul, older but 
not dearer, than the last alluded to. He did only one 
thing, he said. And yet he did numerous other things. 
He advised with sea captains when the ship was ,n 
peril argued before kings and governors and on occa- 
ion spent hours in weaving a coarse kind of ten c o. 
But all his ambitions and activities revolved around 
the one main axis. That made the going simpler, and 
pleasanter, and surer of the right goal. 

What are you going to do this year mostly i For the 
highest success, it is a matter of getting centered 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 12, 1929 


The Flight of Years 

The tide of time is sweeping on, 

The years are passing by. 
T his„orld is not our resting place, 

We all are doomed to die. 
Our God in mercy spared our hie, 

Opened another year, 
*S I bids us walk in wisdom's way. 

And his dear name revere. 
The spirit of the glass and scylhe, 
Has draped the world >n gloom- 
He waved his scepter o'er the land- 
Brought many to their doom 
The happy homes of other days, 

He sundered all apart, 
With his remorseless cruel hand, 

He struck the fatal dart. 
We enter on another year 

With prospects bright and fair. 
OuV God shall lead, we'll follow on 

And trust his loving care. 
The future lies behind a veil 

That's dark to human sight, 
But ;, is lifted to the soul 

That trusts in God for light. 
From the lone tomb of the dead past 

Shall faith and love arise 
And hope, now trailing in the dust, 

Shall reach the lofty skies. 
Our lot is in a sinful world, 

With opposition strong. 
But if we trust our God for help. 
He'll make us brave and strong. 
Our little life soon runs its course, 

As seasons come and go, 
And friends so dear, and tried and true. 

We'll part with here below. 
But if our life is true and clean 

While on the earthly shore, 
We'll meet them in a fairer world, 
Where time shall be no more. 

Hollidaysburg, Pa. ^^ 

Higher Education in the Church of the 


In Five Parts— Pari I 
It is not purposed in this series of "ticks under the 
caption " Higher Education in the Church of he 
Brethren." to add anything to the literature on he 
suMect of the history and development of higher ^edu- 
catl The history of higher education in the church 
to been treated fully and admirably by a number of 
her most competent educators. 

I, is hoped in these articles, (1) to set forth some of 
the important present day facts concerning higher edu- 
cation in the church, (2) to indicate the problem or 
problems involved, and (3) to suggest certain possible 
criteria principles and concepts to be considered in an 
approximation of an adequate solution to a problem 
that to me seems extremely and immediately serious. 
I am convinced that large numbers in the church among 
the school men and women, the ministry, and the laity 
share with me a conviction of the seriousness of our 
higher education problem. 

All that is said in these articles is said out of a sin- 
cere love for the Church of the Brethren and with an 
interest to promote and to increase, if possible, her 
ministry in the field of higher education. 

The Church of the Brethren with an approximate 
membership of one hundred twenty-five thousand 
(125 000) owns and controls at the present time seven 
Senior Colleges, one Junior College, one Seminary and 
one Academy. The Junior College first operated as 
such in 1927-1928. 

The 1928 Yearbook reports for the school year 
1926-1927 a total college enrollment of two thousand 
one hundred forty-five (2,145) in the eight senior 
colleges Of these one thousand four hundred sixty- 
three (1,463) or sixty-eight (68%) per cent were re- 
ported as members of the Church of the Brethren. For 

the same year there were two *£%£?%£% 
members of the facultie s of «* ™°» J^ty- 
W hich number one hundred f orty-ttiree i. ) rf 

six (^ ) per »t«re :: ^; .^ only 
the Brethren. (The above e 

the regular college students for the 
year. The figures for the faculty memta s 
Academy.) The average >*«*£*£ tollmen! 
basis of eight colleges and the *°™ a 

wa5 two hundred sixty-eight (268) * na hundred 
B rethren enrollment on the same basis was on^ ^ 

secured notes and pledg -^^^ was 

total of annuities and nonproductive e 

$496,773.47. while the total indebtedness « J^ 

The minimum cash endowment • — ^ 
North Central Association of Colleges a 
Schools 0" the basis of two hdred (200) egu^ 

Sjr m t to minimum requirement 

($500,O0O.UU • i» Church of the Brethren 

the seven senior c^Ueges of be Ch- m ^^ ^ 

on the basis of the average c o{ 

£XTL.i« c.-j «s«- owj 

«„, **» i« - *»■» ™*; ,^'Sooj) . 

<M?5 000 00 for student loans. This maKes a i 
$125,000 UU to ^ effident coUege wlth 

nrln^Sousand students (1,000). 

I should be noted that the above standar has been 

.resented to the American Association of Colleges and 

St^lished in the Journal of the Association 

The minimum cash endowment on i the! »as of the 

B«thren. This is estimated on the average col eg 

offi™ todred (500) regular college students should 
Lea total endowment of H208.675.00 

It is seen from the above fact and considerations that 
no the 1st f the many problems the Church of the 
Brethren is facing is the financing of her higher edu- 
^on program. In fact, the higher educatio n prob lem 
has been and continues to be an integral part of 
very life of the church. 

The past history of our higher education develop- 
ment must not be ignored nor undervalued but the 
present religious, social, economic and educational con- 
drTons and tendencies must be the basis for the in- 
telligent Christian solution of our college problem. 
Champaign, III. ^ 

oreella ble-yet festooned with delicate vines. 

♦„ *v,p rosv elow of sunrise, the traveler 
da Te S t : e rhe y un turbulent waters. Looking 

fitethroug ^r^"f::r;: e tow:irp;tting 


* 3 T Tset C "1^ passed tnrtgh Un 
r n ^vi:^d^einhish„ t upon r iP, 

r^ th b"h leading up toward the height, the 

burst forth in song and thanksgiving, repeating the 
words of the Ninety-fifth Psalm: 

God's Providence 


It was eventide. A weary pilgrim with a staff in 
hand and a burden upon his back plodded patiently on 
through the gathering mist. The way appeared clear 
,o his destination just beyond the blue hills that seemed 
not so far off. Winding up those hills was the path 
he meant to take. He had seen the white streak that 
indicated the course of his journey, from time to time 
all during the day that had just passed. It wound like 
a trail made by a flock of sheep as it could be traced 
in and out between the boulders and low scrubby 
growth that covered the hillside. 

But the evening mist finally became an impenetrable 
fog. The night was dark and the traveler far from home. 
Suddenly, without previous warning, there arose be- 

rub u [ »■»"- ■*■" j 

* *v, D T nrd- let us make a joy- 
"O come, let us sing unto the Lord. 1" 
ful noise to the rock of our salvation. Le us com 
his presence with thanksgiving and make a , , ^ ^ 

— "™ Wi * '* ' ^ are the deep places 

great King above all gods Inm ^ ^ ^ 

of the earth; the strength of the h ill ^d, 

is his, and he made it: and his ha «d5 «°™ ed 'kneel before 
O come le, us worship an £>*?£* ^ we are the 
the Lord our Maker. For he • oar Today> 


'There is an overruling power ; the -rM calls ,t ate 
But Christians call it the providence of Goi I opens 

d T^-s:vr:^ ; of^dt:tandmg; 

fhrin s' e «;: Z harassed and rest and quiet to 
storm-tUd souls and the wear, - -w » h 
prayer for help and gu, ^nc, God ur Rrfug^ 
ZXc^ ju^h^e for Cod, ever w^h- 
M care for his own. Blessed be the name of God. 

Omaha, Ncbr. . 

Too Much Overhead? 

BY PAUL F. BECHTOLD to the 1928 Yearbook, of our 104C I con- 
gregf ons in Africa ei^y-s^pearto^^ 

"gMpet'Lt ^average membership is 12 6.68 
Pl Faul L Vogt, now superintendent of the Methodist 

of the survey of nineteen counties in Ohio. Of 
Irthe, with^ membership of « or les, 2 per cen 

are growing; 26-50, 17 per cent; 51- 100. M er^. 

101-150, 48 per cent; 151-200, W per cent, 

"ItJlZ^ "The small church lacks in financial 
ability to provide efficient leadership. It lacks in num- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1929 


- t op^e t . n ™s^— s to public -S 

where the church is, rather than ex- 

service. It does not command the respect '"the com- 
m uni y *at the larger group does. On the other hand 
TZ is considerable evidence that an overgrown 
eCchunitisjustasiikeiytobeineffioentas he 

small group. Probably a medium-sized church of 300 
TsOC T members will give larger opportumty for effi- 
rfent services and a wider scope of serv.ce for mem- 
bers of the community." 

A membership of 300 is given as the minimum 
Many think this too high-that the number should be 
200 All of us know smaller groups, too,, be- 
cause of their financial strength are able to ' carry on 
victoriously. Also, the presence or absence of a field 
is often a better criterion than membership. Qty 
churches should probably be larger than rural. If the 
oLiunity is over-churched some kind of agreement 
should be made whereby certain are given to 
another denomination and others given to us, perhaps. 
A congregation of fifty in 1928 may be a congregation 
of 300 in 1940. No group wishes to discontinue after 
established. Altogether the problem is very complex, 
and no sudden change is possible or des.rable. 

This much seems clear: if a full-time pastor, a mod- 
ern church plant, foreign and home missions, educa- 
tion District expense, moral reforms, B. Y. r*. u. 
projects, delegates to meetings, running expenses etc 
are to be financed regularly, it's going to take a larger 
«roup than the majority of our congregations now 
have After giving a college gospel team program 
some years ago, an elder (a free minister) rejoiced 
that his people had contributed so much to the offering 
for the more they gave the more they cultivated the 
habit of giving. That is still true, emphatically so 
but in a comparatively few years we've stepped out of a 
•' salvation is free" system into a program of paying 
for a multitude of things. While it can be overdone, 
pastors now find that the regular budget must be pro- 
tected somewhat; that the giving power of a truly con- 
secrated Christian is not inexhaustible. 

Somehow the impression has gone out that a church 
without a first-class pastor and plant doesn't amount to 
very much. " Pastor-itis " and "plant-it.s" are sap- 
ping much of our financial strength. This will con- 
tinue for some years until these have been supplied, 
and should continue if the churches can afford them. 
"There is no good reason for letting a church die in 
Nebraska while we build up one in India.' If we do 
we're " killing the goose that lays the golden eggs ; 
cutting off our sources of support. On the other hand, 
if pastor or plant is urged merely to be in style when 
local resources are insufficient, disillusionment and 
disaster await. Neither of these is a " cure for all 
ills," though powerful aids. If a group spends all its 
available money for these, what will happen to mis- 
sions and education? 

It costs about the same to pay a pastor, build and 
maintain a house, send delegates, etc., whether there 
are 100 or 300 members. (The per capita expenses 
of course, are constant.) A wide-awake college field 
man asserts that in his region a church of 300 will 
give twice as much per capita as a church of 100. 
There are three times as many to give, hence his co - 
lege gets six times the amount contributed by the small- 
er group. It looks as though there is too much over- 
head expense, and that until congregations unite or 
grow or "live within their means," discouraged mis- 
sion boards and college presidents must await the solu- 
tion of this knotty problem. 

It is hopeful that our leaders are warning against 
the promiscuous founding of new congregations. 
While the Methodist Church has many, many smalt 
congregations, yet they average 156 as opposed to our 
126. The Catholic average is nearly 1,000 per church 
building (and this may partially explain why the Cath- 
olics have plenty of money for church purposes). 
When the Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company wishes 
to open a new store a survey is made to determine the 
buying power of the neighborhood, compet.tion, proba- 
ble trends of population, etc. In short, all the ele- 
ments likely to determine success or failure are con- 
sidered. Very few of their stores fail. Should we do 
less in church work? For example, when we move 

pect the church to follow and minister to us 

Another hopeful tendency is that some of the small- 
er churches are organizing local talent for service so 
that a part-time pastor can keep the work progressing. 
Of course there are difficulties, and we all know that 
a whole man is better than part of one, but in many 
cases this arrangement proves quite satisfactory. If a 
young man can not start out farming 240 acres, but 
has the opportunity to get 160 acres, he had better be- 
gin with the quarter, else he may never have more, bo 
it is with churches getting pastors; part-time serv.ce 
is often a fine stepping-stone to full-time service 

Seventy-nine of the eighty-six congregations above- 
mentioned are located east of the Mississippi River ; 
only seven west. California has one, Iowa two, Kansas 
two Nebraska one, Washington one. This means that 
especially colleges and missions drawing support from 
the «reat west must develop on a gradual parallel 
local church growth: that we must patiently strive to 
change the ratio between per capita operating costs 
and per capita giving. 
Carleton, Nebr. 

If Only the Church at Home Could Know 


If only the church could know in anything like an 
adequate way the sad and terrible need of the people 
of Africa in general! It is true that a great flood of 
light has been shed on the subject and we are coming 
to believe that what was once the great unknown con- 
tinent is now well known. With respect to a few gen- 
eralities this is true enough; but of real conditions as 
they exist in every village and community, little indeed 
is known. One can scarcely realize even if told, or 
without having opportunity to see for himself. Again, 
it is not permissible, nor would it be wise, to print a 
description of conditions as they really are. The 
shockingly vile immoralities that are commonly prac- 
ticed and are a part of the moral atomsphere breathed 
in every home and community can be communicated 
only by word of mouth, and then only to the select 
few Common Christian refinement recoils from even 
the telling of conditions, and yet the children of Africa 
are growing up and are being definitely trained ,n tins 
vileness. The horrors of it make one's blood run cold. 
If only the church could know, surely her whole 
strength would be thrown into the effort that is being 
made to heal and to remove this terrible condition 

Again if the church could only know the tremendous 
uplift that is taking place all over Africa where mis- 
sionaries are at work. It is just as difficult to give an 
adequate impression of this as it is to tell of the de- 
plorable need. This is not because one dare not do it, 
but because it is beyond one's power of description. 
Paul wrote of the gospel as the "power of God unto 
salvation," and it is proving itself to be such in this 
great field. It is simply marvelous the way individuals 
are being transformed right in the midst of the mora 
rottenness by which they are surrounded. None will 
deny for a moment that environment should be made 
just as good as it is possible to make it, but we sustain 
great loss when we forget that this gospel of the living 
Christ is able to save in the midst of environment reek- 
ing with vice and immorality. It is being done in ev- 
ery mission field; we see amazing examples of it right 
here in Garkida. Yes. if only the church could see the 
mighty uplift that is taking place even through a very 
inadequate investment of her life and money, it would 
surely inspire to multiplied effort to give to every indi- 
vidual opportunity and heartiest encouragement to 
receive this power in his own life. 

If only the church could know the persistently de- 
voted and unselfish service of her missionaries as they 
touch the life of the people day by day. This pouring 
out of all the good they have to a needy peoples no 
from the urge of duty, but from the innermost depths 
of loving hearts. In a most remarkable way the mis- 
sionaries are identified with their people in successes 
and in suffering. In the missions visited on the way 
and here among our own workers there is constant 
evidence of personal love and admiration for the 
Africans, keenest joy in their achievements and pierc- 

ing pain when sin and failure cripple some one's life. 
If the church only knew how her missionaries are daily 
living and giving the best gift the world has ever 
known, surely she would have more sincere fellowship 
with them in prayer and in material support. 

If only the church could know intimately those who 
are responding to the new call and are braving difficul- 
ties of many sorts in their loyalty to the new life 1 We 
were visiting some of the homes near the dwellings of 
the missionaries. We met a young woman who ha. 
purposed to live the Christian life and has made her 
intention known in public confession and in taking ot 
the preliminary covenant. Her husband is one of the 
vilest and openlv immoral men of the community. 
His conduct is simply unspeakable. He is offering ev- 
ery kind of opposition to his young wife's effort to 
live and learn as a Christian. The African wife is a 
chattel at best, and usually unloved. The suffering of 
one who is willfully and faithfully following a course 
opposed and condemned by her husband can scarcely 
be imagined by those who live in the well ordered 
society of America. There such would have some way 
of escape. Here there is none.. Meek and quiet suf- 
fering is the only way out. If only the church could 
know of this woman's brave endurance and loving 
faith her persistent going on learning and enjoying 
the new life, but constantly suffering opposition and 
abuse for his sake. It was doubtless for such that the 
words were written: "If we endure, we shall also 
reign with him." 

If the church could only know the need of the world 
as our Lord sees it from his throne above, and as he 
sees the resources of life and things in possession of 
his church of which he is Head, would there not be one 
grand response to the yearnings of his Savior heart! 
Garkida, Africa. 

Some Brethren Pathfinders 


1 3. Helping in Civic Matters 
Eld Wolfe was now (1318) becoming a man 
among men and as such was held in confidence by his 
neighbors. In his community he was the real out- 
standing preacher, as good and as entertaining as the 
best of them. Besides, he was a man of affairs and 
that gave him prestige and influence in the locality 
where he was known. The historian in the History of 
Alexander, Union and Pulaski Counties,, pub- 
lished in 18S3, has much to say about turn, generally 
referring to him as "George Wolfe, the Dunkard 
preacher." Sometimes as " Eld. Wolfe," the Dun- 
Ld preacher Wolfe" and one tune the good old 
Dunkard." and still another as Father Wolfe. He 
speaks of Wolfe's work as a Dunkard preacher, and 
Abraham Hunsaker as " kind of a striker, meaning a 
helper The word striker, a backwoods expression, 
comes' from the custom of calling the assistant, using 
the sledge hammer, in the blacksmith shop, the striker 
So Abraham Hunsaker, possibly related to Eld. Wolfe, 
traveled much with him and assisted in his work, may- 
be as a song leader and a help in other ways _ 

In another chapter we have ment.oned John Gram 
mer Wolfe's close neighbor, the talented man who 
could neither read nor write, who dressed in buckskin 
went barefoot many times, and sat year after year « 
the legislative halls, and took a leading part ,n the pro- 
edings of the house as well as the senate. Bro 
Wolf/had another neighbor equally un^u o 
different type. His name was Dr. R. W. Books, ami 
h 1 Wed on a farm near Wolfe. He possessed a thor- 
ough classical education, had traveled much, and min- 
ded with the cultured, read the best books and in fact 
was a polished up-to-date scholar. Mingling with men 
of this 'type, one of rare influence in pontics and the 
ohr a man of fine educational attainments, and 
often having them in his congregation when be 
p ached, ea'sily enabled Eld Wolfe to ^acquire *. 
self-reliant, graceful and homelike poise that 
characteristic of him in the presence ol men ot d.s- 

"day had come for his ability and influence to be 
Jogged more distinctly. The populate of Illinois 


i Page 26) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1929 

Among the Mountains 


U, ,he ninth chapter of Luke's Gospel we have re- 
dded an circumstance * M» h> Peter^ the 

ana yet we wonder if it was not a very natura sug- 
ft n fter all. For if we aceept the render^ 
of the new American translations we are made t sub 
store for tabernacles the more humble word " huts 
t ■ tents" implying a dwelling-place rather than one 
o wor ", ip. Ind had Peter been in full control of 
hLldf height have made the still more — sug- 
eestion- "And let us make another hut for ourselves 
and let us go on living here on the mountam-top with 
Moses Hid* Elijah. Why should we go agair .down 
into the valley where these representative ofAeL^w 
and Prophets have warned you, you shall meet perse 
"tion and even death. Let us stay on bvmg here 

f0 We r do not know the reply which Jesus made to 
Peter on this occasion, but we can imagine ^m paying 
» It might be all very pleasant and comfortable. Peter 
to stay here, but down in the valley ,s where people are 
iving and where we are needed. This is a great «- 
p erie^ce for you to remember, but to reman, here 
would not fulfill the purpose for which I came mto 

th p7obabi y ' to all of us as Christians there have come 
moments in our experiences when we have been rifted 
up out of ourselves by some mountam-top expenence. 
I, may have been at some Annual Conference or other 
great convocation, some District Meeting, some Stu- 
dent or Young People's Conference, or some unusual 
church service. And we have asked ourselves : Why 
not remain here always? Why go out and down mto 
the valleys again? This is a marvelous expenence and 
it is so pleasant to be so near to God. How flat and 
how tasteless everything will be to go back to the old 
home church or back to the old job, back to the com- 
monplace everyday things?" And quite often in actual 
experience it seems to work out just that way. Some- 
how other folks seem shallow and indifferent, super- 
ficial and even irreverent. Those who have not ex- 
perienced the same heights of spiritual expenence may 
even misunderstand or actually mock, and agam comes 
the question: "Why could I not stay there on the 
mountain-top of experience.'" 

It is good to climb the mountains. To one who has 
conquered some peak such as are so numerous in our 
western states, and who has arrived at the summit in 
time to see either the sunrise or sunset, God seems 
nearer than ever before. The atmosphere is rarer and 
more nearly pure. There is no choking dust nor 
smoke, only the clear dry air that invigorates ones 
physical body. The sense of elevation too, gives one 
a sense of being with the Great Manager of things, 
One sees for many miles around little towns dotted 
here and there and it seems almost like a bird's-eye 
view of the universe. And there is solitude on a moun- 
tain top. One can be alone with God. 

It is good to be there. Yet, upon looking around, 
there is little to be seen of actual life. A few lichens 
and mosses clinging close to the rocks, that is all. Far 
down the slope one sees the first of the timberline trees, 
trees which in their very ruggedness and hardihood 
provide an inspiration. Their sheer stubborn persist- 
ence in hanging on to life there in spite of wind and 
storm, inhospitable climate, and sterile, rocky soil may 
well preach a sermon to the thoughtful observer. And 
yet those same trees are not tall, well-formed nor 
gracefully luxuriant ; but gnarled, twisted and dwarfed, 
some of them actually half dead-wood. 

And it is to wonder whether after all it is well to 
stay too long upon the mountain tops. In the physical 
realm mountains have been renowned for the isolation 
and privations which they have caused their inhabitants 
to endure. In the mountains of Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky today there-are those who have been called " Our 
Contemporary Ancestors." They are the descendants 
of those who were in the vanguard of the Western 

Movement, but they became lodged there in the moun- 
tatuntouched by the currents of life.* .«£-* 
even from its backwash, they go on living there as 
heir orefathers lived. In the history of the work 
mountains have been a barrier to F"*™*^ 
strongholds of conservatism for those who have lived 

Tnd sots in the spiritual realm. Continual residence 
in * e spiritual heights is apt to retard rather than 
tim laJ growth. A continued mountain top is aUe 
all only a plateau, an elevated plain, and in all proba 
b UiQ very barren plain. It is contrast not elevation 
o n £ which makes the mountain attractive ; and c on- 
trast requires the presence of valleys also. It a m the 
X where people live and where -rk is to e one 
Mountains are for inspiration, for making great de 
cis ons, and only there should such decisions be n ad. 
The atmosphere in the valleys may stffie and confuse 
Oruy in the mountains is one at his best, and only 
there should one plan his life. . 

And it requires courage to go to the mountains it 
takes patient climbing, and amid the rarer air breath- 
g omes harder. There are many places, too, where 
a slip may bring disaster. But it pays to make he 
*J% The great German dramatist Sudermann ha 
written a play entitled "Johannes," the life story of 
John the Baptist. He shows John in earnest conversa- 
ion with Herod Antipas, for Herod had betrayed an 
interest in John and in his message concerning the 
New King. Then John turned to the tetrarch and said 
fearlessly "I think I know you, you mocking one 
?ou become fat with the wits of the market-place, but 
hunger drives you on when you see an earnest man 
going along the top of the mountains." And Herod 
confLedAut said: "But it is hard going there on 
the mountain top. We will watch you and wait imt.l 
you fall down and then we will laugh. So Herod 
remained, but he did not laugh always. Mocked and 
despised by the Romans, hated by the Jews, dominated 
by a scheming, treacherous wife, he lived on feeding 
upon the husks of life and starving his better nature. 
John died as a conqueror, satisfied that his work was 
well done, a victor over the very sword which severed 
his head from his body. 

Yes it requires courage to go to the top of the moun- 
tains, a courage such as John's sometimes, but ,n the 
end there comes a triumph over lesser things, and a 
life of abiding satisfactions. 
New Haven, Coitn 

six and sometimes seven days a week He doesn t 
get to church except to funerals, etc. When the pastor 
calls on him he hasn't time to talk, and especially so .d 
the pastor wishes to talk anything concerning eternal 

W l'am seriously thinking of the time when the people 
of this type will come face to face with the end of this 
he and will look at their houses and farms, bank 
tocks, bonds and autos and say: " Behold. aU js van, 
tv " May God help us to be concerned about the best 
as the best is not too good for anyone We may net 
be as rich in earthly things if we work for God as we 
might possibly be otherwise, but I am sure that when 
we change time for eternity, we will have some treas- 
ures ahead of us, and " Behold, all will not be vamty. 
Logansport, Ind. 

The Best Is Not Too Good 


Paul told Timothy to be very careful about his 
words, as very much depended on what he said. Words 
usually express the heart of a person. However, by 
being over careful, we sometimes leave the wrong im- 
pression upon some people. 

It seems to me very much out of place for Mr. A 
to say something about Mr. B just simply to belittle 
Mr B in the estimation of people. First, it leaves such 
an unpleasant memory; and second, we are quite sure 
that in such a case God is very much displeased 
Mr. A. It may be that Mr. B isn't as good a man as 
he ought to be ; but I believe I am safe in saying that 
nine times out of ten, we can do the most good and 
help Mr. B to be nearer what he ought to be, by point- 
ing out his good qualities rather than his bad ones, and 
then talking about them. A young man I know had 
not been to church for a few Sundays, and naturally 
I became anxious about him. I called on him and in 
the course of our conversation he expressed the 
thought that he perhaps didn't amount to very much. 
I am sure that I could have crushed out of his life 
perhaps all the spirituality that he possessed. But I 
told him that I had heard a number of people speak of 
him as a good boy. And before I left he told me that 
he would be back in church the next Sunday and try 
to do better in the future. The best is not too good to 
talk about. 

Then, too, so many people are anxious about the 
temporal things of life that they neglect the spiritual. 
A certain member of the Church of the Brethren I am 
thinking of works from early morning till late at night 

What Was the Rich Man's Sin? 


Jesus does not state in direct words what it was. As 
was his wont, he left much to inference and implica- 
tion, yet leaving no doubt as to his meaning. Thus in 
his account of the rich man and Lazarus, he for once 
lifts the curtain, disclosing man's state after death. He 
reveals, too, the reversal of two extremes-of wealth 
and poverty, health and suffering, comfort and disease. 
The rich man turns beggar; the beggar becomes rich. 
Earth's luxuries lavished upon the one are disclosed as 
no longer obtainable. Conversely, necessities denied 
the other on earth become abundant. No mention is 
made of Lazarus' character, but his name implies, 
" God is my help." We infer he was a man of prayer 

and faith. . , , 

But why all this, the one " comforted the other 
" tormented "? Did Lazarus' want and suffering merit 
heavenly comfort? And the rich man's "sumptuous 
living" demand future torment? Both questions 
should be answered in the negative. One may be poor 
and miss heaven; he may be rich and inherit eternal 
bliss But what was the rich man's sin? What indeed 
but his merciless attitude toward his unfortunate fel- 
lows not once, but the habit of it— of that of 
Lazarus was an example. For it is not one s,n but the 
habit of sin that fixes a " great gulf " across which 
the eyes may see and sound travel but no soul can 
bridge. . 

It is significant that in his extreme need, no appeal 
is made to Christ, the sinner's Friend, nor does Jesus 
appear on the scene. Is there not an evident cause for 
this? On earth. Dives could have had the right of 
way to the Lord's attention, but having ignored this 
heaven-appointed provision for earth-bound folk, he 
seems to realize its too-lateness. The Savior's availa- 
bility is limited to the present life. " Now is the ac- 
cented time," to address him, for " Whosoever shall ca 
on the name of the Lord shall be saved." Neither will 
eternity hold out the tender appeals to human sympa- 
thy as are found about us here; for here is where the 
need is ; there " Lazarus is comforted." 

Perhaps St Paul, if given the choice would divest 
his robes of office, and gladly descend to earth, 
for the privilege of engaging in a ministry of mercy to 
a suffering world, and which angels might covet to do. 
It came to pass that the beggar died— died, presuma- 
bly from neglect, lack of care. This had much to do 
in making up the rich man's future— its conditions of 
happiness or misery ; its memories and associations ; its 
comforts or regrets. "When midnight hushes the 
city's noise, we hear the sound of a feeble voice." But 
who cared? Not Dives. When morning dawned the 
voice was stilled, and Lazarus had slipped away. 
" Come not back again to suffer, where the famine and 
the fever, wear the heart and waste the body." But 
think who he was who was thus neglected— one " borne 
by angels." Think again—" For I was hungry and 
sick, and ye ministered not unto me." Oh, what an 
oversight 1 ■■ 

Reader, as I write this, does it appeal to you? I feel 
sure it does. Then you must have a Christian interest 
in the " Shut-in-society," a branch of which is in many 
states. It is composed of many a Lazarus, of women 
and children, bedfast, wheel-chair, sufferers; it is com- 
posed of the helpless, poor, blind, patient, with whom 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1929 


the hours drag, and the days are long. They in effect 
a re at our gate. With oft a sigh, a longing a disap- 
pointed wish, these uncomplaining ones suffer alone^ 
The society's mission is to lighten their burdens i with 
cheer and comfort. It is composed of both sick (handi- 
capped) and well (associates) : the sick, for benefits 
derived of membership; the well for the privilege of 
belonging to and aiding a worthy cause. The Shut-in 
Society needs you, and it is your opportunity. 
Green Ridge, Mo. 

postage it take, to carry it. 

The Functional Meaning of Sin 


One of the current trends of religion is the empha- 
sis upon the functional, rather than the legalistic con- 
cept of sin. The very idea of sin has disappeared from 
the consciousness of many contemporaries. Sin has been 
whittled down till it is mere shavings. Men have tried 
to explain away entirely such words as sin, duty, re- 
sponsibility. They call moral guilt merely a psycho- 
logical aberration or an inevitable pervers.on of nascent 

f °This tendency is probably due in part to the mechan- 
istic philosophy of life, with its denial of individual 
freedom and responsibility. This philosophy attributes 
most of human acts to prearranged biological and neu- 
rological processes. It is a fatalistic viewpoint, per: 
haps as withering to human initiative as the medieval 
predestination of speculative theology. The tendency 
is due also, in part, to our secularized industrialism 
and its material prosperity, which have deadened our 
sensibilities and blunted the shafts of our moral pur- 
poses and decisions. • _ 

The functional viewpoint considers sin as a torce 
that destroys the vital tissue of life rather than some- 
thin- that offends an arbitrary Ruler on high. It is 
primarily a moral matter rather than a legalistic issue 
God is not a glorified Detective ever on the lookout 
for violations of a fixed code of rules. God is not a 
pious Pharisee constantly in fear of being contaminated 
by the filthy shadow of the Genus Homo. But rather, 
he is an Artist who is pained when his paintings are 
defiled or a Master Craftsman who feels heart-broken 
when the favorite products of his workmanship are 

destroyed. . . 

Some men. have a false idea of punishment, and this 
fosters an attitude of more or less defiance. They con- 
sider punishment a penalty cruelly plotted by a Being 
who was tired of creating the world and wanted a 
diversion. Their god wanted to enjoy the fun of 
watching his creatures doing their humorous antics. 
As they would writhe in torture, their god would join 
in the chorus of the taunts and jeers of the fates. 
There is a sneaking suspicion in the minds of some 
persons that these cruel penalties are from a celestial 
Czar who likes to see his subjects suffer; a Czar who 
finds relaxation in observing how they will act under 
those conditions; just as some boys inflict cruelty upon 
animals to see what .they will do. 

But quite the contrary, punishment is simply a dan- 
ger signal to tell the individual that he is walking on 
thin ice. It is a sign board notifying him that there 
is a perilous precipice just ahead. It is a derailing de- 
vice to shunt him off the track which he is traveling, in 
order that he may avoid the potential wreck which 
lurks in the foreground. It is a parachute which bears 
him safely to a firm foothold upon the earth and saves 
him from being dashed to pieces against the untamed 
elements of nature. It is a means of saving him from 
the savage jaws of the monster— sin— which are open 
wide for the capture of the person who heeds not the 
benign warning signal of punishment. 

Just as physical pain is for the purpose of keeping 
the individual from destroying the tissue of his own 
body, so moral penalties are intended to restrain him 
from tearing down the tissue of his own personality. 
It is not an arbitrary command from an irresponsible 
Ruler. It is, rather, a design to conserve the welfare 
and happiness of the individual by keeping his organ- 
ism free from disease germs. The simplest process 

of logic declares that a person can not waste his energy 
and save it too, nor can he destroy his members and 
keep them intact at the same time. It is equally ob- 
vious that he can not morally destroy himself and save 
himself in the same process. Physical and moral pen- 
alties both conserve the rationality of the universe and 
work to the highest good of human lives. 

The true meaning of sin is closely bound up with 
this view of moral penalty. Sin is the process of 
disaster which the warning signal helps us avoid. It is 
the perilous precipice just ahead, or the jaws of the 
dragon hideously poised in the foreground. So we can 
understand why many people are more afraid of the 
consequences of sin than they are of sin itself. They 
understand that it brings ultimate ruin in its train. 
Sin is a tornado or an earthquake which leaves the 
human habitation a deplorable mass of ruins. 
McPhersan, Kans. 

Men's Work 


An OuUlanding Ne<*i of the Local Men's Work 


Of the many questions that come to our office none 
is more pronounced than the one: " What shall we do 
after we are organized?" There are as yet not many 
pastors in our church who are in a position or who are 
inclined to instruct their men on this point. In some 
places there is a sentiment that on this point the men 
must work out their own " salvation." The time is not 
very distant that adult religious education from a serv- 
ice 'standpoint will become an important part of the 
curriculum of our training schools. Lay leadership in 
this department of work is limited in our churches; 
successful business and professional men seem sur- 
prisingly ignorant on this matter of organizing men 
for the work of the church. 

The National Council is tremendously concerned 
about this all important aspect of Men's Work and is 
anxious to assist the local men's organizations ,n every 
way possible. 

While drawing weekly on the seemingly unexhausti- 
ble supply of goodwill of the editorial staff of the 
Gospel Messenger we are planning to present for 
the consideration of the men of our church programs 
for meetings and service suggestions, which we 
earnestly hope, will be found helpful. 

The program for a Men's Work organization is two- 
fold It includes the monthly or educational program 
and the service or monthly activity program. It is 
desirable that the local men's association meet at least 
monthly. In most cases this will be an evening gath- 
ering and may begin with an inexpensive and informa 
supper which will make room for the introduction of 
visitors and for social fellowship before the mam pro- 
gram of the meeting begins. The members should en- 
deavor to get as many visitors as possible to attend 

Laymen's Stewardship Leaflet 

this monthly meeting. They will come again when 
they find that the association is really in earnest in its 
efforts to bring together the men of the church for big 
business. No occasion should ever be made for the 
criticism that the main purpose of Men's Work is 
fellowship and festivity. Of course the social end of 
the work is important, but the primary purpose of 
Men's Work is spiritual and this note should be 
sounded at every meeting. Men will not shy away 
from the challenging Christian tasks. The monthly 
activity program should be worked out carefully be- 
fore the monthly meeting and copies should be placed 
in the hands of all members. 

We realize that it is difficult to outline a program 
which will suit all men everywhere. No inflexible plan 
can be developed that will meet the needs of every 
church The programs can be expanded, reduced or 
modified to meet the needs of the local church situa- 
tions. We most earnestly invite helpful criticism from 
educators, pastors and laymen. We arc prompted by 
a spirit of helpfulness and will be glad to make room 
for more vision and greater ability to do the task be- 
fore us as men of the church. 

Chicago, 111. ~*~ 

The men of the First church of Philadelphia Pa., signi- 
fied their special interest in the work of the Stewardship 
Committee of .He National Council of Men's Work ^ by mak- 
ing a contribution of $40 for the use of .lie S.cwardstap 

This money will be used for printing leaflets for distribu- 
tion to our men. The committee ,s now working on the 

Firs, church suggested the need of a leaflet gtvtng in imple 
anguage what stewardship means to the laymen, and they 
backed UP their suggestion with a libera! contribution. 

It is encouraging when men back up their suggestions 
with the means ,0 carry them out. The Philadelphia men 
evdently believe that, "Not every one that sarin un o me 
Lord Lord, shall enter into the kingdom o heaven. The 
Philadelphia men believe in "doing" as well as saytng. 

Men who are interested in a leaflet giving in sunp 1< : Eng- 
lish what stewardship means to laymen should wateh for 
further announcements in the "Messenger. 
C. C. Hawbaker, 
Chairman of the 
1021 E. Donald St., Stewardship Committee of the 

South Bend, Ind. National Council Men s Work. 

Letting Down the Fence 


The last horse that my father owned showed some 
characteristics which always impressed my mind very 
deeply From a horseman's viewpoint she was not 
much of a horse. She was not beautiful cither m color 
or form. She had rough bones and her lace was most- 
ly white. Her disposition in most things was good. 
No horse could have shown more willingness to pull 
her part of the load. She would work any way that 
she was hitched to work. She would try to draw a 
load two or three times as best she could. When p laced 
in the pasture she would stay there. A very low fence 
would not tempt her to go out. She would stay where 
she was placed. But she liked very much to taste the 
pasture in the other field. She would lean across the 
worm rail fence that my father had on his farm and 
try to reach the pasture on the other side First one 
rail would fall off, and then another until there would 
remain only three or four rails. After she had eaten 
enough to satisfy her hunger she would go away. 

The other horses or cows that were in the pasture 
would come up, and seeing the chance to go out, would 
'soon get in the wrong pasture, or it might be a field of 
grain and sometimes would do damage. But in the 
morning this horse would be found in the held having 
been lilted with the feed of the night. Thus she could 
be seen standing dozing, seeming to have as good a 
conscience as one might well have. The only thing that 
she had done wrong was that she had let down the 
fence and the other stock had done all the m.sch.ef 
She did not tell them to go out. They went out of 
their own accord and on the surface she seemed not 
to be to blame. 

Now, some people act in life just like that horse. 
They do not go out of the field themselves, seem docile, 
industrious and submissive enough so that one would 
consider them models for a good life. But. their words 
and actions show a trend toward mischief that gives 
encouragement to others. They let the fence down and 
the unsuspecting and unwary are tempted to go out 

We sometimes hear the question asked; What is 
the harm in this?" It seems to me that this is a very 
deceptive question, one that is never asked of any good 
thing H there were any good it would be pointed 
out. Since the good is hard to see, they put it in the 
other way, and by so doing let down the fence. He 
that is not with me is against me, and he that gathereth 
„ot with me scattereth" (Luke 11:23). The house 
built for the worship of God is not a place for amuse- 
ment It is not even a place for entertainment es- 
pecially that which gratifies the flesh. Once in a while, 
and may be oftener, a minister will resort to amusing 
ori^to get the goodwill of ins hearers. Thus, he ,s 
apt to lower the sacredness of his calling, desecrating 
the house of God and by this letting down the fence 
Brethren in the ministry, let us keep up the fence of 
sacred trust that we be not agents to cause souls to be 

lost. (Continued on Page 38) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 12, 1929 

Apollos, the Eloquent 


mother church. 

In the hook of Acts he appears at Ephesus short* 

we know of the presence of Pnsci la ana »M 
worthy couple who had been Paul's helpers and fel 
"c^f smen a. Corinth. It is at the synagogue to 
Apollos comes into the story. He was preaching the 
cling of the Messianic kingdom, yet "knovmg only 
*e a P tism of John." What was lacking m hisknow - 
edge of the Christian movement was supphed by Pr> 
cilia and Aquila who expounded the way of God more 
a cutely From there he planned to go to Corinth. 
VeT not know what brought him from Alexar , r,a 
,o Ephesus and Corinth. Was he on a missionary tour, 
or L he on a business trip, and bang a good Jew 
liking the opportunity to visit the synagogues and 
mtch there > At any rate, being now fui.y instructed 
n"he Christianity as taught by Paul, he received 
eUrs of recommendation to the church at Conn* 
and there was able to do acceptable work. That he 
pealed to the Corinthians is shown later m RmU 
reference to the Corinthian situation. A group tee 
had chosen him as their ideal and were saying. We 
helong to Apollos." There is no reason to b hev tha 
Apollos was to blame for the situation. Paul puts Ae 
blame on the weakness and petty pnde of the Conn- 
thians who were putting their trust in men and not 
in God. Paul regarded him as a worthy fellow-worker. 
•• I planted. Apollos watered." They were not gods to 
be trusted in, but servants through whom men be- 
lieved in God. Paul further includes Apollos w.thh.m- 
self when he says: " For, I think, God^ hath se forth 
us the apostles last of all, as men doomed to death, for 
we are made a spectacle unto the world, both to angels 
and men" (1 Cor. 4:9). 

Perhaps it was this weakness on the part of the Co- 
rinthians that caused Apollos to leave Corinth; perhaps 
it was in pursuit of his business; at any rate, we find 
him again at Ephesus when Paul wrote h.s first letters 
to Corinth. We know that conditions were bad in 
Corinth and they steadily grew worse as described in 
Second Corinthians. Paul was here doing h,s best to 
bring peace and order. To this end he wrote letters and 
also sent messengers as his personal representatives. 
Timothy was sent and later he sent Titus. At the time 
of the writing of First Corinthians he desired to send 
Apollos also. " I besought him much to come to you. 
Paul must have thought that Apollos might prove even 
more effective than Timothy. But Apollos showed a 
reluctance to go back to Corinth. " It was not at all 
his will to go." He promised vaguely to come ' when 
he shall have opportunity." Very likely he did not go 
then or later. It was probably just as well that he did 
not go The party controversy raged particularly 
around these two men who had done the most in the 
founding of the church. The trouble was finally 
solved not by the personal visit of Paul— that only 
made things worse (2 Cor. 2: l)-hut by the media- 
tion of a third party, Titus. This is the last reference 
to Apollos except in Titus 3: 13. This is probably the 
same man; however the name was a common one. If 
it be he, then he was in Crete and was contemplating 
a journey with the lawyer, Zenas, a journey presumably 
in the interests of the church. Of his later history we 
know nothing. Jerome thought that he later returned 
to Corinth and became the bishop of that church. It 
was first suggested by Luther and has been held widely 

by scholars since that Apollos is the author of Hebrews 

There are some things of great mterest both m 
chapter and in the circumstances surroiu, *ng his 
life He was an Alexandrian Jew, the nrst oi i 
If come' into the Christian story To -g— •£ 
we need to remind ourselves of he facts 

ness for wisdom and it was the eloquence of Apollo 
"X than his message that appealed to them In h» 
devotion to the cause he deserved a better field, "be 
;°e his task to water Paul's plantrngbut „**£ 
ately the character of the soil was such that the water 

la tCn1ghty in the Scripture, He was a Jew 

we need to remind ourselves oi »- H was m ignty in uic *. . r ~— , 

TLX Dispersion Outside Palestine there were large A l exan dria in the presence of Greek 

Jewish Dispersiom ^ ^^ ^ andjhe^ ^ ^ ^ •«-£* 

" tire we"e „o going into apostasy but were using , 
« X« the cause of Judaism. Philo was the great 
est expositor of the Scriptures of his time. We may 
. -Lire the allegorical method which he used, but 
r hat "e fact that this method which w*s 
Ted by Philo was adopted by Christian schota l firs 
a Alexandria and then elsewhere and its hold on the 
cnu«fc was not broken till the Reformation. Apollo 
had earned the Scriptures in the synagogue school of 
Alexandria and his skill is shown when he faced other 
Idents of the Scriptures at Ephesus and Corinth.^ 
^^Jews everywhere; even He was a man —^spirit. ^ s^ 
us ed side by side with the Hebrew achievem en* £d» ^ ^ ^ ^ he fa „ into 

hem unique. I need mention only two things as .1- 
them unique. Alexandria that the Jewish 

SSSi tdoLToots were translated into Greek 
and *e Septuagint was used not only at Alexandria 
r ut ifb^l I Bible of the Jews .everywhere ^ 
in Palestine it was 

^T ebbing iwish to mention to illustrate 
he outlook and culture of the AleKandnan Jews sto 
work of Philo. He was a Jewish philosopher, teach 
Trand writer, the outstanding man of his day ,n this 
rescect l" wis his desire to sell Judaism to the Greek 
w rid and he did this by presenting J— » * 
terms of Greek philosophy. That this ^was » t£ « 
cessful is shown by the fact that nowhere did he Jews 
ttain to uch soda, position and intellectual culture 
adhere, and also to such high regard in the opinion o 
their neighbors. One of the procurators of Judea was 
Tiberius Alexander, an Alexandrian Jew. 

Another point of interest in Apollos is his relation 
to the John the Baptist movement. "He taught ac- 
curately the things concerning Jesus, knowing only the 
cu ray , . , & -Rut w hen Priscilla and 

baptism of John. ... But wnen 
Aquila heard him they took him unto them and ex- 
pounded unto him the way of God more accurately 
And immediately in the next chapter we have the story 
of the twelve whom Paul rebaptized. The situation 
seems to have been this: when Jesus began his m.n- 
"ry, some of John's disciples became followers ot 
Jesus Five of these are mentioned in the first chapter 
of John But later we find that others did not mani- 
fest such an attitude, but rather resented the popu- 
larity of Jesus. The appearance of Apollos and the 
twelve at Ephesus shows that after John's death some 
of his disciples continued to preach his message, the 
promise of the coming kingdom, but ignoring the 
claims of Jesus to be the Messiah. We know that 
John later had trouble reconciling the humble ministry 
of Jesus with the role of an apocalyptic Messiah In 
the eyes of these partisans of John Jesus was also : a 
Prophet, doing the same work as John. The fact that 
Apollos came from Alexandria indicates that this was 
one of the points to which the movement spread Per- 
haps the situation at Ephesus was this: that Apollos 
was preaching the message of John and it was unknown 
to him that it had been fulfilled in Jesus. At any rate, 
he was presently taught more accurately. 

Now as to his character: Luke says he was a logics 
man This word has two meanings and both were 
probably true in the case of Apollos. It may mean that 
he was well educated and all that we know of him and 
of the Jews of Alexandria would confirm our behet 
that in Apollos we have a fine example of a Jew trained 
in the Greek culture of the day. Paul was a learned 
man but his formal training had been confined to the 
Jewish schools. Apollos becomes a notable exception 
to Paul's remark that not many wise after the flesh be- 
came Christians. Learning in itself is not evil but in 
the very nature of the case a humble religion would 
appeal least of all to the cultured man. But learning 
consecrated to the cause became a mighty weapon in 
Apollos' hands. And that he was eloquent is shown by 
the story, particularly that part relating to Corinth. 
Unwittingly, not by his fault, he catered to the weak- 
ness of the Corinthians. The church there presents a- 
ludicrous spectacle; made up largely of slaves, laborers 
in the great commercial center, they affected an in- 
terest in learning. Perhaps it was the influence of near- 
by Athens. So in their ignorance they mistook wordi- 

achievements naa nui ■=" ■ - - ... . . 

not been suppressed by the intellect nor did he fall 
the other extreme of fanaticism. 

And he was teachable. The humble Jews of Pontus 
Jeteo artisans, presumed to teach h to the wa> -0 
the Lord and no false pride kept him from this larger 
knowledge. This proves that he was at heart a scholar 
for True wisdom does not puff up but is humble teach- 
able ever open for more light. The story of Apollos 
would not be complete without this touch. 

This is the story of the cultured Jew of Alexandria. 
And if the theory that he wrote Hebrews be correct- 
ed it can be no more than a *»£-£»*£££ 
what we know of him with respect to his Greek learn^ 
in- for the letter to the Hebrews is by far the most 
htera y of all the New Testament. And it was pro- 
phet c of the day when the gospel would appeal no 
done to the illiterate but would take captive for Chr st 
Ae "earning, the wealth, and the culture of the world. 

Rules for Ministers 


The three rules for ministers by Bishop Edward 
Rondtha t head of the Moravian Church South who 
Tone of the best loved and most honored men m North 
Carolina, appeal to me as being very important and 
helpful, and for that reason I wish to pass them on 

First of all, he advises ministers to preach to the 
individual rather than to the group. The expert hunter 
aims not at the entire covey but at one single b.rd. The 
efficient soul-winner must not think of people as a mass 
of humanity, but as individuals. _ 

Second, we ministers must cease making a joke as 
we sometimes do, out of the marriage occasion .It » 
taken by many as a social contract, when it should be 
hel as an institution divinely appointed. We find in 
the Roman Catholic Church that marnage is he d as a 
acrament and is regarded with great reverence We 
as Protestants have denied this, and as a resu , are 
swinging to the opposite extreme. In many cases we 
Z very little reverence connected with the marriage 
ceremony. But for the few solemn words spoken by 
Sister and the prayer offered, there is no sug- 
gestion of the Christian religion connected with iti As 
a result our young people may come to look on the 
marriag vow as a mere joke or as an adventure along 
: th other adventures of youth. AH ministers ^shou d 
agree with the Bishop when he says: We oughtto .to 
afl that is in our power to make marnage i occ* H»n 
more Christian." For my part, it seems that all of 
Them should be performed at the altar of he churcK 
The third rule he gives to ministers is that we should 
do more to make our own homes and the homes of^ur 
parishioners, Christian. Again we will all agree _ with 
him when he says: "We can never make ou church 
more Christian until we make our home more Christ 
L " A religion that does not transform the lives of in- 
dividuals in the home would be consider 'nothing more 
than Pharisaical and hypocritical. And any display 
that it would make elsewhere would be nothing more 
than mere camouflage. 
McPherson, Kans. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1929 


The Golden Anniversary 

i. !.„<« at evenine through an album all alone, 
Tl lis" Pen te ken::", friends that he has Known, 
f ' erable happy pair, now wed these fifty years 
Together!, at dusk'and mingled menvries with then- tears. 
I„ tender, reflective mood they turned the leaves of faney 

Recalling varied experiences of which there was no lack; 
a , in they rode with bells a-jingle in a shiny sleigh, 
As nfty years ago they journeyed on their weddmg day. 
Twas the eighteenth of December, eighteen hundred seven- 
^"£^0 then so young, entrusted well to each their 
Anfbu'ilt a true though humble home with loving graces 
WheTfriends. and strangers ,00, the hearth might often 

gather 'round. 
To these good folks were born both boys and girls, almost a 

ltd ,00k as toll the sweetest and most wmsome ch.ld of all. 

The rest attained maturity -< ''^J^tered far and 
To seek their fortunes, good or ill, and scatrereu 

FortTa home with children blessed and richness of the 

For some a mingled dole of struggle 

failures and careers 

To bravely face life's problems deep and share each grief 

T„ fiH d the y cup of experience full, without any alloy. 
To r ely g ve of self and substance through the fifty years, 
Has earned for such, a Golden Anniversary, my dears. 
Elgin, 111. 

The Talent or Other Things 


Eleanor was a busy woman, all her friends said so. 
What they did not realize was that they kept her busy- 
She was practicing Gounod's Down b y B by on 
Wave, hoping for one hour of real work. Her voice 
was good her technique was excellent and she loved to 
sing But the telephone summoned her several times 
her neighbors called her to the door twice Last of 
all, shetvas requested to have the W. C *_««* 
at her house on the following evening. Then she sat 
down and gazed stupidly at her music There was only 
one thing she could do, she must call on her neighbor 
for assistance. She could see her before she prepared 
luncheon for her husband. 

She had some music in her hand as she faced her 
neighbor. " Harriet, I am sorry, I dor it know what to 
say! only I can't meet with you tonight for rehearsal. 
I have too many things to do." 

Harriet expressed no surprise, she was gravely sym- 
pathetic. "That is too bad, what shall we do about 

,t? "I dislike asking you, but will you take charge of 
it? And will you lead the music for church service 

31 Harriet was older than Eleanor. She answered 
promptly : " Surely I'll do all I can, but — . 

"You are wondering why I can not do it myself. 
You couldn't do it either if you were called to the 
phone every ten or fifteen minutes. If you were asked 
to do some committee work for the Sisters Aid, or 
if your Sunday-school teacher wondered whether you 
had sent some flowers to Sister Bechtel. And if then 
you were urged to sing for the Young Peoples pro- 
gram and have meetings at your house-" She paused 
for breath. " I don't know how others do it, but I am 
swamped under a lot of little things. I can not seem 
to get out from under. I hoped that when house clean- 
ing was done, it would leave me time to practice and 
study. But every day leaves me more tired and less 
able to do what I wish." 

" And there is jelly to make and strawberries to 
preserve," added the practical Harriet. "Honey, 1 
know what you are up against. Cry if you want to, I 
used to cry until I learned to take care of myself. 

"Learned to take care of yourself?" Eleanor's big 
brown eyes rested inquiringly on Harriet as she pon- 
dered this. " I do take care of myself the best I know 

^Harriet laughed. " I know you do, but you have not 
learned to say no." There are women on the flower 
committee in your class who should distribute he 
flowers and visit some of the sick. They are enjoying 
themselves while you do their church work You can 
not spread your time over a dozen interests, and do 
the work of those who are willing to let you tak up 
their task. Your music is your talent, God expects 
much from a voice like yours." 

"My husband said something like that once but I 
was afraid of losing friends if I refused to do what 
they requested. . 

"That is a minor consideration, the one thing you 
should do is to concentrate upon what you do welt. 
You have not been married one year, housekeeping is 
not easy. Honey, forgive my plain speaking but I do 
no want to see you become one of these napkin 
women, who talk of what they used to do. The napk m 
holds their talent, buried deep, they have nothing n 
their hands. That is always pitiable, and you of all 
women should not make that mistake. How can you 
sin- if you give all your time to one and then to an 
other? And the aggregate of what you do for them 
is almost a total loss." 

Eleanor went back home resolved to profit by Ha 
riefs wise counsel. She took charge of the mus c in 
their church. And willing as she was to serve, yet she 
sometimes refused to do what was the obvious task of 
some other worker. 

Let us consider the putting of first things first. Some 
young people plan to spend some time in -ding and 
study. But the days grow into weeks and the weeks 
become months and there is never time to do what hey 
desire to do. Then they are likely to complain of their 
opportunities; they can do nothing in an environment 
which frustrates their efforts. They need to learn 
Eleanor's lesson, and do the one thing worthily. Some 
us waste our chance and destroy our effectiveness by 
giving ourselves to things not worth while. We dare 
not throw life away in idle, useless, purposeless ways. 
The power to do things is wrought out in the sou by 
effort -All our youthful prayers are granted^ ays 
Goethe. The Savior says: "Knock and it shall be 
opened unto you. Ask and ye shall have. But you 
must greatly desire and really do your part to win what 
Tu pray for. That's almost the same as saying that 
Ufe gTvTs itself only to the strong. But for those who 
d am rather than desire, who wait rather than work, 
be grans some compensation. We should cultivate 
perseverance, and so undertake what many would not 
attempt. Priscilla Leonard says: 

" You are what you will be— 
Don't forget it! 
From that choice you can not flee ; 

Don't forget it! 
You must choose, and you alone, 
'Twixt the darkness and the throne; 
All your future is your own— 
Don't forget itl" 

New Windsor, Mi. 


middle of the bed, she would not fall out so often^ 
" Yes, muvver; it's 'cause I goes to sleep too near 
where I'se dcts in," Elsie sobbed. 

The mother thought: How like God's children 
They stay so near the edge of his will-so near where 
they "det's in "-that they're continually falling out 
ttan is watching for these mishaps and is rea y «, 
ensnare them in sinful things. If only we ould tarn, 
like Elsie, to lie or stay in the center of God s w.ll-we 
•' wouldn't fall out so often." 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

After Christmas 


THE holy W eek of the year is ended. The last pres- 

x J ... _j A lott-nrc spnt and 

" Too Near Where I Dets In " 


The old grandfather's clock down in the lower hall 
struck three Everything about the house was very 
still. All the family were asleep. 

Then there was a thump, followed by a wa.1 of fright 

an E,sie' n s' mother hastened toward the little ,gtf. crib 
The little lady herself wasn't in the crib ,ust then! She 
was sprawJon the floor at its side, crying as though 
she were being killed. 

"Mother's poor little girlie! Did you hurt your 
head?" Her mother hastened to pick her up and com- 

f °"Muvver, I'se failed out o' bed every night!" she 

^Mother remembered that she had done the same 
thing on two or three occasions recently. 

" Mother thinks that if her little girl would he in the 

1HE noiy ween, ul <.*>- j — -- 

ents have been sent, the last cards and letters sent and 
he last remembrances received. We have not forgot- 
ten to remember the Lord Jesus -n our givmg We 
have done what we could to further the work of the 
Lord and help the poor-and yet, we could not give .0 
all whom we love and we know there are poverty- 
stricken people we could not reach. Oh, how we wish 

do more! At Christinas we give of our time and 
nergy until it hurts, yet there is much more we would 

do especially to help the sorrowful and needy. This 

1 believe is the common experience. 
Two things hinder our giving. For one thing, the 

most of us must count the pennies. We are not 
We ed with Fortunatus' purse-or better, the widow 
c use Our other problem is that so often we do not 
know where to find the quite poor. Naturally we live 
amon" people who have about the same income and 
3ard of living as we. In our daily employment 
unless it is outside the home, we do not often meet 
the needy Because we do not see them and have no 
stm district it is easy to conclude that there are no 
poor people. 

This is what I often heard of our own prosperous 
cit y; but the other day I had a surprise. Among my 
/ends there happens to be a cultured woman, who 
after prosperity, was left a widow with nothing. She 
pocketed her pride and made a living for herseH and 
child by laundering fine silks and laces. She is the 
t to whom chanty could be given only with the ut- 
most tact. I dropped in to see her the other day and 
she told me of the many needy people she knew. A! 
h u-h she had no money it was her fixed desire to 
Mo thin, so as she went from house to house she 
old her wealthy patrons their stories and hey sup- 
plied money and needed art.cles. At night, after a 
n d day she would go into the congested shopping 
district to buy tovs, food and clothes for these families. 
S ve -a severe shock when she told me she was 

buying for the child of a family near my home. 
^But surely," I protested, ".hey »» »- 

"They can't have much," she replied. lie is out 
of work and the child has always been neglected. Her 
mother si's and smokes while the little girl runs around 

^tthrneSlrhood knew the child ,0 be 
unattractive, untruthful and of bad habits, but we did 
"0 know that her mother smoked and was indifferent 
to the welfare of the child. Because she had plenty to 
cat and wear we did not guess that she was hungry 
or ove and attention. My neighbor, the ne laun- 
dr s was annoyed by the girl's faults, too but some- 
W' she found out the child had never ha a »* 

72 his visit If you wish to locate the poor ask 
some on! who is har/up and making a valiant struggle 

"ifhelplngXrs at Christmas and other times most 

of us thmk only of those in direst need, but there is 

another class worthy of our sympathy. It is composed 

of folks who fight to make a mere living, but lack many 
of folks wncr ng w( _ are often 

TaidTo he* b 'a tme friend can do most anything 
aid it is a ways possible to leave your basket on the 
door s t ; ring th'e bell and vanish before the door ■ 

(Conlinutd on P«e »> 



Calendar for Sunday, January 13 

Suu.Uy-.cW U— Sin.-l John 1 1 «i »_ 
CarUn- W«W M-*-*. Assurance.-l John 5.1 
* * * * 
Gains for the Kingdom 

T« baptisms in the Firs, church. P >f ^^ A 
L coutesious in the Greenwood church. Mo., Bro. A. 

^r^rm^c Crce, Ch.e,, «. Bro. 

I Oscar Winger, pastor-evangelist. 

' Eighteen baptisms in the Martinsburg church, W. Va„ 

B ^b:p;-:rr^:i^c, P ,Bro. T Sbias 

Brother and Sister Jarboe, evangelists 

Flv e baptisms in the Camp Creek church, Ind, Bro. Edw. 
Stump of North Liberty, Ind.. evangel. s. 

Four baptisms in the Eagle Creek church, Oh.o, Bro. 
John R. Snyder of Tyrone, Pa., evangelist 

T-o baptisms in the West Goshen church, Ind., Bro. 
David Metier of Nappanec, Ind., evangelist. 

Thirty-nine baptisms in the Waynesboro church, Va., Bro. 
J W^ess of Harrisonburg, Va„ evangehst. 

Three baptized in the Firs, church. Luna, Oh.o, Bro. 
Ra ,ph R. Ha.ton of Toledo, Oh.o, evangehst. 

W„ baptisms in the Pleasant Pla.ns church, Old., 
Bro C E. Schrock of Hampton, Iowa, evangehst 

Leu baptisms in *= Bro— £«« — 
Brownsville church, Md, Bro. w. tv. ^ 
don, Pa, evangelist. * * * * 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 12, 1929 

Miscellaneous Items 
.. A „yv,.y you »n count me among the .housand^ who 

Will jw 

Our Evangelists 

Wal you share .he b»,d„ .«=b '^"jfS.", 
pray for the suci-eas 

Bro. A. J. Beeghl, of Somerset. Pa., began Jan. 6 ,n the 
Quakertown church. Pa. 

Bro. C. E. Schrock of Hampton, Iowa, .began Dec. 30 m 
the church at Hollow, Okla. 

Bro. E. N. Huffman of St. Joseph, Mo., began Jan. 6 in 
the church at Waka, Texas. 

Bro. O. H. Austin and wife- to begin Jan. 16 instead of 

Jan 23 in the Walnut Grove church, Johnstown. Pa. They 

are now in the church at Union City, Ind. 

* * * * 

Personal Mention 

Bro D. R. McFadden of Smithvilk, Ohio, was confined 

,o his bed for two weeks during the Christmas season with 

■■a real case of flu." We are glad to learn that he .s con- 

Yule seine 

Bro. Fore,. S. Eisenbuie of the Lanark church, 1.1, gave 
us a brief call as he' and his family were from the 
f nera. of Bro. Hod. Quite a number of P^^ 
from surrounding churches came in o pay their tr.bute 
of respect to the memory of a much loved teacher. 

Bro. 1. S. Lou, of India will have something to say m 
our next issue of what happened at Vyara recently He 
ZZ briefly of forty-five baptisms, the elect™, of two 
"ung minisrers and .he calling of four splendid brethren 
tt the office of deacon. All of which sounds k.ngdom 
progress at our largest church in Ind.a. 

Bro B F. Click, the story of whose life and passing ap- 
pears on page 30, was born Sept. 7. 1862. elected to the min- 
istry ta 1911, ordained to the eldership in 191 and died 
aZ 3 192 8 : This information was no. available when 
page 30 wen, to press and is therefore inserted here The 
Lt date is iu correction of the one there g.ven and the 
others supply the missing data. 

Our la,, word from Bro. Bonsack said: "We are sending 
an „.icle herewith. . . . Do not know when the next 
may come. We are busy here. These fellows do not be 
"eve in having a deputation loa, on the job and I so .„ are 
constantly being challenged to undertake thing that re 
Tuire effort and time. We are thinking tentative y of leav- 
ing Lagos Jan. 6 and arriving in New York Feb. 4. This 
may be changed bu, hope it can be done" The article re 
ferred to will interest you. Watch for It next week. 

Th. .uo wa. ..akin* low for the last time in 1928 as the 
body of our departed Bro. HoS was laid to rest, following, 
largely attended and impressive funeral service in Bethany 
chape! There had been also a brief service a, the family 
home in Maywood conducted by the pastor. Bro H. L. 
Hartsough. At the chapel Bro. J. W^Lear Pres.ded.nd 
gave a short and fitting discourse. He was assisted by 
Brethren Frank N. Sargent, W. W. Sl.baugh. Edward 
Frantz and J. E. Miller. The last named read a personal 
tribute by Bro. Wieand who was unable to be present on 
account of illness. We shall publish soon a suitable ac 
count of Bro. Hod's life and great service to the church 

it God bless you in your noble work. 

count him. the ncw 

„ ow do you like tins out took. I eote V .__ ^ 

y ear with new hopes and »W£™ We arc outgrowing 

^^"yr^^dtinSp.,., currents 

flow more freely. ' „ . e 

,„ .earn that the Progress and d -10P ^ by ^ 

%^T<ZC« -^Secondary Schoo,s of the 

hrances of their people .. CI r, tmas « ^ ^ 

us .bout being led to trie cnu needed 

ton, tables were >o.ded -» * £»*£££ ^ g . fts 
in a kitchen." He says further. J'J support „ 

DBl we aPP« even m their ^ ^^ ^ 

2S3 2JSS. -- fhin, There .re good h.blts 

a ^:^:c:„m,e.of,e^o f ,heB^ren 

Annua. Conference me. at ^^J^^ Con- 
[Dec . 2., and made gen a a ««„„«. workers 
ference program. Speakers anu 

S:e C s e " P .h r.nmem W b:rs U of the Committee were ab.e ,0 
be present except Bro. J. A. Dove. 

and feel a. the end of the year ha he - - ong^ 

^^co=f2^^ : - 

* e y " r? il e dT.s«o° c"/; mg V h "sk hlmto tell y'ou some 
S^"^^ mu S ch observation and exper, 

TJT^eIS official org,, of the Brethren 

number that is one o. Messenger " desk in th.t have come to the __ Messeng , ^ 

m on,hs. This spec, issu of .he j£™ ycars 

church calendar for Dec to r „ . 0U r church 

utmost importance.,., taJtaP-H-^ ^ peopl 

ss£ ■"« r^st' - — - - — 
rreta^^r^'forr:^ *- *. — -«■ 

of encouragement to an aged ndige fa ^ 

pecially after seven weeks spent r, .ahc* •» 

one such felt when his check came- I can ^ 

-^SS:^ church shou,dget 

feady to do in the way o ministerial .he» 

"PI— - - S0 ™: t ^^a.iona,^knownin.orma.ion 
^'-^ma;rjg : ner^eres,si.e r five 

ercct ion of a eommunity cen«r L Hersh ; y gn ^ ^ 
structure «dl be o I, Han ^ , , 

stones high. On > ol the ^ public hbrary| 

seating capacty of 2500. iwm ^^ haUs 

gymnasium, swimming pool, dining r • hc 

^With this > henefaction he town becomes^ ^ 

SX^SSiS nrneigh P bors .o..l .« .east *«, 

000,000." * * * * 

Special Notices 

Tk. Newton church desires the services of .part time 
pal,":, "g June 1 or earlier if possible. For u« her 
information write Mrs. Geo. Jackson, 811 Ash Street, in 
ton, Kans. 

Race reUtion. Sunday will be kept throughout the United 


105 E. 22nd St, New York City. 

Quiet Hour Topics (or 1929 

„ • u T„™ CI for ,929 arc published htrt ior lh= convenience 
J^r^Z',y°^°o^^' «- "" '- »" " '"' "'""'" 

during the coming year. 

For Week Beginning 
Jan. 6, The Officers of the Church. 

: 11; 1 Pet 

r 5: 1-3. 


The Source Book for Every Home 
I. ,h. nlficUI or K ,n of ,ho Council of Bo«cli. 
Pu „ you in touch vri.h the «r»t -ork ol the 

N.n.r*. Cn.r.1 Board,. th«r „ OT t«r.hip »d 

scope of work. 
Lo„,e S the congregation*, giving mombe rS h.p, 

pastor and elder. . *jj- 

Th7ou,h m,p. .how. our Io re i S n m».,. fidd.. 
Toll, how your ml.sio. doUor. oro .pent, 
dvo. , ol homo ud lor«ign ml...on.. 

„cn,bor,hlp. .chool .UlUUc, etc. 

Name, and locale, the mi,.iona™. on th. home 

and loreign field. 

Tabulate. *e «t»i». .»™' d ' ' h °b= C r 
Budeet and .he avemje per member. 
Name, the church publication, and editor.. 
Give, the monetary value ol our educational in- 
Li... .he variou. District Board.. 
Iniorm. yen ol .he Y. P. D. Cabinet, and their 

T„7l»' where the Summer Conlerencc. will be held. 
Tells when the District Meeting, a.semble. 
Tell, the story ol Leadership Training. 
Tell, the .lory ol our Sunday-.chool work. 
1. no. silent on the Daily Vacation Bible School. 
Give, the name and address ol every minister. a li.t ol GIsh Booh, and I.1U i min- 
ister, how to build op a library at greatly re- 
in short, you will find th. 1929 Yearbook a store- 
h'o.e ol lb. very thing, you .bould know 
about the Church ol the Brethren. 
Order it use It and you will understand and love 

the Church ol the Brethren as never belore. 
Price, ten cents. Order Irom 

Elgin, HI. 

Jam 13, Forgiveness, Matt. IS: 21- 
J a 3 „ 5 :£ P HaPPinc...Ecc,.2 : ,0,n ! 

2 Cor. L 12; 1 Peter 4: 13. 
Jan. 27. Hope, ?»• «: Si « Tim - 
: 6-8. 

Feb. 3.Back.liding. Ex. 32: 1-6. 
Feb. 10, God's Word, Psa. 119: 2, 

Feb T i™C„ccriulnes., Neh. 8:10: 

Prov. 17: 22. , ,_ 

Feb. 24. Liberalily. 1 Tim. 6: 17- 

»; Mai. 3: 9-12; 2 Cor. 9: 6£ 

r. 3. Diligence. Eph. 4: 28, 1 
Tim. 4: 11. 
Jar 10. Meekness, Zeph. 2. 3, 

Gal. 6: 1) Matt. 5: 5. 
Mar. 17. The Ministry, Isa. 62. o. 
Acts 20: 17-38. . 

lar 24 The Resurrection ol the 
Dead. Acts 4: 1. V. 24: ISl 26: 8. 
,,ar 31, Our Duty as Parents. 
Dc'ut. 6: 6-91 Eph- «! * . 

Apr. 7, Now Mine Eye Seeth, 

Thee,' Job 42: 1-6- 
Apr. 14, Peace, Psa. 34: 14; 1 Cor. 

Apr 21. Persecution, Matt. 5: 10- 

12; 1 Peter 4: 12-14. 
Apr. 28. Praising God, Psa. 95: 

1-3; Acts 16: 25. 
May 5. Hindrance, to Prayer, 

P,a. 50: 16. 17; I». Il « -JJ- 
May 12. Helps to Prayer, Matt. 7. 

7-11: 1 Kings 17: 22. 
May 19, The Ncw Birth, John 3. 

May 26, A Young Man'. Choice, 

i Kings 3: 5-14. 
lune 2 Differing Minds, One 

eart, Acts IS: 1-35. 
June 9 Some Puizliog Questions, 

Jo'neio.t.i-rAni,,. Mat, .0:37, 
38; Luke 14: 26-33. 

June 23, Temptation. 1 Cor. 10: M, 
2 Peter 2: 9. 

Tune 30, Prayer for Our Govern- 
ment, Rom- 13: 3-6. 

July 7, The First Commandment, 

Ex. 20: 1-3. 
July 14, The Second Command- 

ment, Ex. 20: 4-6. 
[uly 21, The Third Commandment, 

Ex. 20: 7. 
July 28, The Fourth Command- 
ment, Ex. 20: 8-11. 
Aug. 4, The Fifth Commandment, 

Ex. 20: 12. 
Aug. 11, The Sixth Command- 
ment, Ex. 20: 13. 
Aug. 18, The Seventh Command- 
ment. Ex. 20: 14. 
Aug 25, The Eighth Command- 
ment, Ex. X: IS. 
Sept. 1, The Ninth Command- 
ment. Ex. 20: 16. 
Sept. 8. The Tenth Command- 
ment, Ex. 20: 17. 
Sept 15, Children Lent to the 

Lord, 1 Sam. 1: 9-28. 
Sept. 21, The Folly of Pride, Gen. 

11: 4; Eiek. 16: 49, SO. 
Sept 29, The Wages of Sin, Ex. 
34: 6, 7; Nahum 1: 3; John 3: 

Oct 6, Repentance, Job 42: S: 

2 Cor. 7: 9, 10. 
Oct. 13, The Afflictions of Life, 

2 Cor. 4: 17, 18; 12: 7. 
Oct 20, Riches, Matt. 19: 21, 22; 

1 Tim. 6: 17-19. 
Oct. 27, Confession o( Sin, Prov. 

28: 13; Dan. 9: 20, 21. 
Nov. 3. Keep Good Company, Ex. 
34: 12; Psa. 1: 1; 1 Cor. IS: 33. 
Nov 10, Contentment, Philpp. 4: 

11; 1 Tim. 6: 6-8. 
Nov 17. Death, Gen. 3: 19; IS. 
IS- 1 Cor. 15: 54-57; Rev. 14: 13. 
Nov. 24, Thanksgiving Psa. 91 
Dec. 1, Resignation to God s Will, 
Job 1: 13-22. „ , 

Dec. 8. Old Age, Lev. 19: 32; . 

Tim. 5: 1. 
Dec. IS, One in Christ. 1 Cor. 12: 

13; Eph. 4: 4, 5. 
Dec. 22. The Ministry of Angels. 

Psa. 91: 11, 12: Heb. 1: 14. 
Dec. 29, The New Yea*. J<" Q . *« 
10- 18. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1929 




Another Goodwill Fund 

A group of American friends of the Prince of Wales re 
,„,ly cabled $100,000 for the relief of Br.Lsh miners. This 
■ a fine gesture and to be set down as another goodwd 
tod .Gift, of this sort do more to promote international 
goodwill than people commonly realize. 

Outlook for Farmers 

Mr Frank O. Lowden who is highly rated as a farmer 
and farmers' friend has been quoted as follows 
\ „„ttook for 1929: "Farmers who haye been able to 
father the depression so far should take hear, for the 
uture because the increase in population ,s much more 
rama han the increase in farm products. We are bound to 
ha ve better times for agriculture if we only persist m domg 

the best we can." 

Newer and Longer Names 
The head of the historical sociological department of a 
Jkln eastern college is reported to have said that 
" t „ e « is no such thing as sin. scientifically speak ng 
Howeve "He conceded that many acts branded as sin fill 
m °v be socially harmful, but such should be scientifically 
"echrU t« ed as immoral or criminal." The distinction here 
s so fine that we do not quite catch the learned professor 
Since he concedes that there are many acts which ar 
f ally harmful, that might be called immoral or cnmrnal 
ve do not see just what is gained by newer and long r 
Tames Why not call the immoral, criminal or socially 
harmful act "sin" and be done with it? 

City Government* 

Cities have always been especially easy fields for the 

era era to work. Thus in Mexico in the free municipalities 

g ng of professional politicians often backed unscrupulous 

ward bosses, established themselves in power and then 

ys ematically fleeced the public by obstructing business .for 

a price through swarms of inspectors, and grafters. 

nMexi o City i, is now though, that .his anc.en. order , 

" be definitely broken by the use of a busmess director 

„d administrative council appointed by the te« 

the republic. The plan will doubtless be extended to other 

Sex can cities. American cities have nothing to learn fom 

Mexico when it comes to grafters-unless .t would be that 

f wider use of some type of commission government would 

tend to reduce political parasites. 

Europe'* Tinder Box 

Across the Adriatic Sea from the heel of the Italian boot 
there lies one of the leas, of Europe's many "*"»*£ 
state referred to is Albania, a mountamous land with an est. 
mated area of 11,374 square miles and aW"'*"™ . ° £ som «" 
wha, over 800,000. The people are a mixed lot and sev enty 
per cent Moslem as to religion. Alban.a was se up a an 
independent kingdom in 1913, but the prince sent to art on 
Albania's throne did not rule his turbulent land for ^ many 
months. Then the World War came on, but Alban.a man- 
aged to survive and achieve the status of a Under box m 
European politics. The chief reason for this situation s 
that Albania's strong man, Ahmed Zogu has chosen to 
stand with Italy rather than with the Serbians at Albania 
back door. Now since Serbian and Italian interests clash 
it is not hard to see how it is that Alban.a has become a 
sort of tinder box so far as European mterests are con- 

The Wrong Goal 

If S, Paul were writing to Timothy today it is possible 
that he might make mention of the man who raced seventy 
yards to the wrong goal I Such mistakes happen so infre- 
quently in games that the tragic mistake of Roy Ricgels 
will go down in sport history as one of the strangest mental 
lapses ever occurring on a football field. But th.s para- 
grapher is not convinced that racing for the wrong goal is 
so uncommon in actual life. For how frequently the con- 
fusion of this modern life sends one down the field toward 
goals that are unworthy, even the very oppos.te of that 
for which one should strive 1 If you have ever raced for 
the wrong goal, learn a lesson from Roy R.egels who d d 
not succumb to remorse-thanks to h.s generous teammates 
-but came back into the game and played so courageously 
that his team came within a point of winning what was lost. 

Congressional Reapportionment 
Representatives to congress are apportioned on the basis 
of the WW census although the figures for the 1920 census 
have been available for years. This unpreceden ted delay 
is the result of conflicting ideas as to just what should be 
done about the size of the house of representees The 
present membership is 435. This group .s cer.a nly large 
enough to contain about all the wisdom that can be elected 
to office, and is already unwieldy, according to one schoo 
of reformers. Thus if the membership of the house of 

presentatives is to be reapportioned 
membership down to 435? But another school of reformer 
opposes this solution, standing for reapportionment at the 
present rate, which would mean an increase in membership 
'approximately 100. The second school .of re former, 
therefore does not oppose reapportionment, but ., does op- 
pose t on a basis which will cost certain states one or more 
of their present representatives. Needless to say, the first 
goup of reformers is drawn largely from those states now 
grossly undcrrcpresented because of large population in- 
creases since 1910. The Cash of interests is quite apparent 
and the final outcome not quite clear. However juatice re- 
quires that the reapportionment be made and efficiency 
suggests that 435 is enough of the type of representat.ves 
commonly elected 


. for the Weekly Devotional Meeting Or for 
prayerful. Private Meditation- 

Has the Church Failed? 

Has the church failed? Consider the tremendous 
offensive the church militant is now waging against war in 
navicular and other moral issues in general. On Jan. i 
" the world's, newspaper," which is wet, m, War, t. 
and several .her things it should no. be, printed .he fo - 
owing paragraph, a par, of a leading article by one of .s 
ovTn staff writers: "It is with complete confidence of suc- 
cess that the church and pacifist lobby, more deeply en- 
trench d .nan ever on Capitol Hill, approaches Us greatest 
undertaking: .he defea. of .he measure for rep laceme o 
our obsolete cruisers that the President of the Dm ed 
States has pronounced to the defense of the 
country They expect to prevail against President Coohdge 
t mmphantly a"s they did in the las, congress w en 
through invocation of the same influences th Jedera 
r ;i of Churches and associated put 
Srough the senate the resolution calling for arbitration o 
he con, oversy between the Coolidge administration and 
fhe Mexican government. over *= threatene <£££ 
t^TZ:HX 2 noT benevelafthe Christie 
church ws ver a more dynamic power in the world s life 
than it is today. Take courage: the church has no. faded, 
it is just getting ready to do things. 


Eccles. 2: 10, 11; 2 Cor. It 12; 1 Pet" *> « 

For Week Beginning January 20 

Otherwise how could Paul write about joy in a Roman 
prison' Or Jesus call his joy full on the eve of h.s cruci- 
fixion (John 14:27; 16:20; Philpp. 4:1-4)? 
Those who have faced the worst and through faith have 
come forth conquerors, know as none others can, that 
in the final test Good is stronger than evil Therefore they 
are happy (Acts 28:28; Rom. 8:28)1 

One need not be faultless to be happy. He should be 
blameless. If one makes an honest effort, and seeks to 
learn from pas. mistakes how to -oid future ones he wdl 
be happy though not faultless (Acts 23:1; 24:16; 1 Tim. 
1:19; 2 Tim. 1:3). 

"It takes two to be glad." We are made for each other 
and we can not live full lives alone. " What can I bring 
vou?" said a church visitor ,0 a poor, sick, cold, hungry old 
lady lying in an attic. Great as was her need for fuel, 
food, clothing and medicine, she replied: "Some one to talk 
to me" (Acts 2:42; Philpp. 1:5; 1 John 1:7; Rom. 1.11). 

An unused organ withers. Our bodies and minds are 
made for work. As well shut light from the eye, sound 
Son, .he ear, food from .he mouth, ins,ruc.,on from .he 
mind as to withdraw from useful work (John 5.17, V.l, 
17:4; 2 Thess. 3:10). 


If we trusted God as we should we would "ever worry 
fuss fear or get blue. Trust in the Lord and do good I 
These are A, "two wings by which the spiri. nses .0 heaven- 
ly happiness (Psa. 37 : 3 ; 1 Tim. 4 : 10). 
Is i, hypocritical to be cheerful in manner when^one is 
burdened and sad within? 

The Judge and Justice 

»rst.. « »-*.-- .... — 

come pretty near providing a solut.on. 

For Fewer Auto Casualties 

It is high time for concerted action toward fewer auto- 
mobile casualties. So thought Dr. Bundesen of Ch.cago 
some months ago when he visited a New York morgue 
and saw the freshly mangled body of a boy of five years- 
one whose life had been snuffed out by the hit and run type 
of reckless automobile driver. And so Dr. Bundesen 
thinks again when as the new coroner he saw the auto 
death toll for Cook County. Illinois, mount to 1,000. Surely 
something ought to be done to reduce automobile accidents. 
Here are six things that Coroner Bundesen thinks would 
aid greatly in reducing auto casualties: "(1) Build wide 
roads; thousands of automobile deaths are due directly to 
narrow roads. (2) Grade separations at all .mportant in- 
tersections are becoming daily more necessary; elevated 
motor highways would eliminate thousands of accidents. 
(3) Traffic on heavily congested streets and boulevards 
should be scientifically directed by signal lights or police- 
men. Safety engineers should make a survey and apply an 
immediate remedy. (4) Educational campaigns for motor 
safety among motorists and pedestrians, and especially 
among school children, should be continued and broadened. 
One-fifth of the victims this year have been school chil- 
dren between the ages of 5 and 14. (5) Provide certain, 
swift and adequate punishment for reckless and drunken 
drivers; prisons are meant for automobile killers as well as 
gun killers. (6) Illinois should have a law licensing all 
motorists and it should be passed at the session of the legis- 
lature opening next month." 

When Joe Sallis Returned 

wl .' '■' ,,__, :,n sentence for carrying a gun. And 

guaranteed his appearance 1 , federal cou t e, J 

wearing this publicity proved for th bee ba 

hgen, officials i, would be .mposs.b e to say , and^, ^ 

T- -°"T:t make the Neatest moral decision of his life- 
f nV,n „ g e r i court Doubtless Joe figured to get off easy 
to appear in court. " comnl cf but thanks to some 


have been an important factor leading to Ins return. 

A New Philosophy for Historian. 

of periods neglected or „ f , hcse services 

story of human progress. However, ^ 

are colored if not «.«"« £ h ^° S P * ical s , r uggle 
by the historian. In the pas. the factor op y such 

has been chiefly emphasized, the : expo, <= feeen 

as soldiers, generals, die ™>»^ d ™ a d is,«" d ™ W rf 
played up to the pom, that men nave However, 

•ust who constitute the great figure . in histe • is 

here are signs that the usual emphas « ° 
changing. More space - he'ng g, n Jo b ^ ^_ 

heroes . Writing of the study of history hQW . 

paper correspondent "J^ J^ J rmer enemies against 
ever, to visit the sins of H° 1Bn0 ' ' . , h ei r history 

.heir descendants the *■*»*.£. ^ demands the 
books with a feeling mat ™ Bu , , he her oic 

chastisement of, for example^ ^ Spain. ^ . ^ ^ 

period of Hollands history, the period p ^ 

torians dwell lovingly, » the sevenj ^ ^ ^ 

Dutchmen call the Golden Age. J - ^ many 

Dutch P«n'« s ' R . embran ,t n V thr. the scholar Grotius won 

- ^tote glinTwh^hSerTp cts are given their 
^amouTof space in all our histories. 




Some Brethren Pathfinders 

(Continuri From P»E* ») 

number had grown to 1,800 souls £n 
became a state with the capital at Kaskask a. u V 
CoT* was du.y organized and a ~-£ 
pointed to select and fix a permanent seat of justae 
o *e county. Eld. George Wolfe, then a Dunk d 
preacher of five years' standing, was the first one 
na^ d on the commission. The commission made 
h^ce of ten acres on the ten of John Gr— 
within three quarters of a mile of Eld. Wolfe s re 
dence, and the to«n, Jonesboro, named after a Baptis 
p eacher by the name of Jones. Later the figures of 
Wolfe and Jones appear on the county sea And 
until further provision could be made the court was 
to convene in the home of Jacob Hunsaker, Jr.. proba 
bly the young man sent to Kentucky six years before 
for a preacher to baptize Wolfe and his class. Among 
he names handed in by the sheriff for the firs : grand 
jury was George Wolfe. People had gathered .*m 
all surrounding sections. It was the first term of 
court, held in a large log cabin, belonging to a member 
of the Dunkard church. With the first case in hand 
the sheriff marched the jury out to the edge of the 
woods, where they found the grand jury room on a 
log lying beneath a great forest tree. Here in the edge 
of one of nature's great forests they, with becoming 
solemnity, thrashed out their verdict, whether gu.lty 
or not guilty, we are not advised. 

Of the crowd that had assembled the h.stonan says, 
it being near the middle of May, some were barefoot, 
not a few wore coonskin caps, some were dressed in 
buckskin, and practically all of them reached the place 
either on foot or on horseback. It was indeed a typical 
pioneer gathering, in a community that had been a 
veritable wilderness only a few years before. 

Looking over the county records we notice that the 
first to have their cattle "marks and brands" were 
Jacob Wolfe and George Wolfe, showing that these 
two brothers were largely in the cattle business. Un- 
der the new arrangement George Wolfe performed the 
first marriage ceremony, and in the business of solem- 
nizing marriages seems to have the lead, and by the 
records is shown to have officiated at the first mar- 
riage in the county. In an amusing way the historian 
tries to play off a joke on him, saying that when 
solemnizing a double marriage " the good old Dunkard 
married the double couple as mm and wives, and not 
as he states (in his report) as man and wife. But we 
are told that the marriage return was good and strong 

In some way, in the early settlement of the com- 
munity Eld. Wolfe and his brother Jacob were drawn 
into the Masonic fraternity, their names appearing in 
an early list of members, but on duly considering the 
nature of their mistake they withdrew from the lodge 
and ever afterward remained true to the principles of 
the church regarding oathbound and secret societies. 
As the population of the country increased there were 
camp meetings in abundance, but Eld. Wolfe had noth- 
ing for revival meetings of this type. For him they 
were too exciting, too much given to the emotional and 
not enough to reason, the word of God and sober 
thinking. Instead of the " mourners' bench " and its 
excitement and agonizing cries for mercy, he believed 
in telling the people candidly that in true New Testa- 
ment conversion men and women should believe on the 
Christ, repent of their sins and be baptized for the 
remission of sins, being assured of the gift of the 
Holy Spirit. He then held and so taught that those who 
had put on Christ in baptism should continue stead- 
fastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship. This 
was his idea of the plan of conversion, and people 
coming to the church under his preaching generally 
remained true to their vows. 

He stood in much better with the Baptists in spite 
of their differences in the form of baptism and the im- 
portance of observing the New Testament ordinances. 
In the county was a Baptist preacher named Jones, of 
considerable influence. About the year 1817 the two 

7Z were able men of +■>%££'££ 

hat on it would seem, they stood in the presence of 
h large audience and shook hands, indicating that ^a 
Christian ministers they were on the best of terms 
with each other, regardless of their clear cut d nomi- 
national differences. So deeply and so permanent y did 
this impress the hardy pioneers of every class ha 
thirty-three years later, in 1850, when it was deeded 
to adopt a seal for Union County, the scene of the two 
preachers, Wolfe and Jones, shaking hand, ; was en- 
graved into the seal, and now every the seal is 
made a part of a Union County *?**?*£ 
Wolfe and Jones may be seen standing side by side. 
Thus the impression made by Eld. Wolfe in his pioneer 
days was such as to perpetuate his name, and even his 
appearance for centuries to come. For other chapte 
we still have more interesting accounts of him and his 

Sebring, Fla 

" What Is That to Thee?" 


Some cynic has said that the one impossible human 
task and the one in which there is no opposition, is 
minding one's own business. We may not agree with 
this person at first, but if we follow closely the trend 
of our own acts and thoughts for any period of time- 
even one day— we may-discover that the statement is 
almost, if not quite true. Where is the individual who 
goes through a day without thinking, or talking, or in- 
dulging in wasteful emotions of some kind, concerning 
another's personal affairs and relationships? Where 
is the person who does not, in some way, measure his 
personal duty or responsibility by a comparison with 
another's? Do we pass through a single day without 
indulging some bit of demoralizing feeling, a bit of 
judgment or censure or envy or unkind criticism as to 
somebody's conduct? 

We see clearly what our neighbor does— or so we 
think— and what he could, should, or might do, what 
it is his duty to do, or his privilege, if he could see it. 
And this habit is by no means confined to people who 
gossip, or are idle and meddlesome. It is the special 
temptation of earnest souls, of men and women who 
have strong convictions and are especially anxious to 
see every good cause move. 

There was Peter, the impetuous apostle who had 
thought himself brave and faithful, ready to follow 
his Lord, even to death. Instead, he had thrice denied 
that he knew the Man. But for that weakness he had 
been forgiven and he had risen above it. Then, after 
passing through the fiery questioning which brought 
back that scene of denial, he saw John closer than he 
was to this beloved Master. He began to think about 
others. What should they do? What about the be- 
trayer? What about John? Impetuous and honest, 
as always, he voiced the question : " What shall this 
man do?" 

Peter was meddling. He was wondering and ques- 
tioning about another man's relations to the Master 
and the outcome of it all. And, although the test of 
previous moments had hardly been forgotten, Jesus is 
relentless in his rebuke. " What is that to thee ? Fol- 
low thou me !" 

It can be justly claimed that much which seems med- 
dlesome in our relations with others is due to kindly 
human interest and a desire to help. A person who is 
cold and selfish is indifferent to others so far that 
he shuns any knowledge of their troubles. And the 
line between interest and officiousness is sometimes 
hard to draw. But probably the greater number of 
persons who would call down upon themselves this in- 
junction from Jesus, if he were on earth today, are 
those who merely scatter their faculties and waste their 
powers in idle wondering and dipping into the affairs 
of the universe. 

Life is so confusing ! It is so complex ! The world 
is so full of people, and the majority of them seem 
scarcely human, to say nothing of bearing any image 

of Divinity. What is to become of them? What can 
they do? What should they do? What ought they 
to do, and what should somebody else do to, and for, 
and with them? . 

Also the world is so full of interests-for example . 
ambition, pleasure, adventure, invention, science. All 
these things related to the problems of all the people. 
Life is not the simple thing that it seems to have been 
in the days when Peter lost his head from curiosity 
about what another man should do. All the avenues 
of knowledge open to the youth of today make the 
blood flow faster and cause the social instincts to 
quicken. It is a temptation just to live, and enjoy, to 
mingle in the affairs of others in a speculative way, 
and trust that things will work out all right some way. 
It is interesting to be a " student of human nature 
and of the times, to dip into this, and that, and the 
other interest, which primarily concerns others, not us. 
A university teacher who is no longer young has 
drawn some disquieting comparisons between his pres- 
ent-day students and those of former years. He ad- 
mits that there is more physical beauty in the faces 
now before him, for, as he says, there are no thought 
lines to mar the beauty. But he misses the real stu- 
dent who plied him with pertinent questions, who chal- 
lenged the truth of what he said, who reacted, in some 
real way, to his teaching. Today's student is passive, 
inert, apparently lacking in the mental vigor, either to 
challenge or accept, with any enthusiasm. 

In brief, the spiritual task of minding one's own 
business means severe concentration on the task of 
following Jesus of Nazareth. He never enjoined imi- 
tation, or worship of himself, or a study of himself. 
He told them to follow him ; and, while it seems so sim- 
ple, it is the task which requires a shedding of all the 
curiosity, envy and censoriousness concerning others. 

In a crowd one can easily pick out the persons who 
show any great amount of concentration on any sub- 
ject. Purpose expresses itself in the lines of the face, 
the poise of the body, the intentness of the personality. 
And, to one accustomed to reading the signs of per- 
sonality, it is quite easy to pick out those who are in- 
tent upon discipleship. 

Like all other maxims and injunctions, this one has 
been humanly applied in a way which threatens some 
of our best moral movements. It is astounding to read 
of the number of statesmen and politicians who claim 
to believe that the voters of this country were meddling 
with individual freedom when they made the Eight- 
eenth Amendment a part of the Constitution. On this 
basis they demand its repeal. This is but one illus- 
tration of the manner in which the philosophy of the 
anarchist and the leadership of those who see no ideal- 
ism in government, find their expression. The only 
way to meet them is, by votes, by earnest effort ^and 
teaching, to hold to the Christ ideal, " Follow me." 

The organization of societies and clubs, while it 
seems necessary, is an inevitable aid to meddlesome 
thought and questioning. When people come together 
they must talk, and it is much easier to discuss other 
people than to talk of things which might be helpful. 

The overwhelming doubts and mental tragedies 
which assail men today appear to be the result of a 
failure to heed the Master's injunction: " Follow thou 
me." Almost suddenly it has dawned upon us that this 
is an old, old planet on which we live, and that it is 
but a speck in the vast system of an older universe. It 
is a stupendous thought. What about our poor little 
souls and their nothingness in this tiny bit of creation? 
There were countless millions ahead of them and there 
will be countless millions to come after them. 

Thus we begin to wobble in the faith in our own 
personality and what it means. How can the hairs of 
our heads be numbered and the worthless little desires 
of our lives be noted in the midst of such vast systems 
of worlds? 

In reality we are meddling with the affairs of the 
Creator. These distracting, dissipating thoughts cause 
us to lose our spiritual balance. We should study the 
greatness of our worlds and grow more reverent, more 
sure and earnest in our own efforts to follow the Mas- 
ter. Knowledge of the worlds and systems of worlds 
should make us more intent, more concentrated on the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1929 


task, the privilege, of following him. We can imagine, 
if Jesus were here today he would say: " Never mind 
about what is to become of all these people. Don't 
worry about what they can do, or what they ought to 
do. Just be sure of one thing, that you are following 

Kansas City, Mo. 

At Fourscore and More 


This sister is fourscore and more years of age. And 
she still thinks of the future and of others. Do we 
always give others the consideration they deserve ? 

She reads the Messenger. In fact, she loves the 
Messenger. The Messenger has helped her. She 
believes that the Messenger will help others. She is 
making it possible for the Messenger to help others 
now and in the years to come. 

She has arranged for three life subscriptions to the 
Gospel Messenger for three special friends. She 
wants those friends to have the Messenger as long as 
they live. And so she sends in a check to cover three 
life subscriptions. 

And now those friends are entered as life subscribers 
to the Messenger. When they pass away the Mission 
Board will see that each year the Messenger will go 
to some one else in place of each of these three present 
life subscribers. And thus the Mission Board hopes to 
continue doing home mission work through the gift 
of this sister who is fourscore and more, and who 
thought to do mission work in this unique way. Pretty 
good way, is it not? 
Elgin, III. . T , 

It is my privilege, as a child of God, to open my 
whole life to Christ, in spiritual receptivity, to lay bare 
my soul entire, to bask in his life divine, drinking 
deeper and deeper draughts of his Holy Spirit, which 
is life, and peace, and love, and joy, and power. 

Come now, die to self and to sin, and enter " into 
Christ." Entering him we pass at once into immense 
possessions, for to his members " God is able to make 
all grace abound, that they, always having all suffi- 
ciency in all things, may abound unto every good work." 
We are richly endowed in him, and have no need to 
collect an income. Will you not definitely remember 
then that there is absolutely no defect in your posses- 
sions in him and that your receptivity is the only limit, 
therefore, to your fruition? It is ours, in the life of 
" faith and patience," humbly to claim, and diligently to 
employ, the " unsearchable riches of Christ." 
Washington, D. C. 

Entering " Into Christ " 


Many believers are afraid of the fully surrendered 
life. They shun to go forward deeper and deeper into 
the sanctuary. Therefore, their Christian experience 
Is inadequate. They have never passed from a state 
in which they live and move in the atmosphere of self. 
They are breaking from anxiety, worry and cares — 
from some of the so-called respectable sins of Chris- 
tians, which are nothing less than unbelief in action. 
They do not know by experience what God means by : 
" The law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath 
made me free from the law of sin and death." This is 
because fhey are void of vital contact with him and 
they scarcely realize that they are " one with Christ." 

Truly the truth of oneness with Christ is a very 
definite thing. It is a truth worth grasping, and the 
neglect of it, or avoidance of it, is a loss to the soul — 
a loss of strength and power, of peace and poise, of 
insight into the reason of our hope, and into a great 
secret of growth and f ruitfulness in the divine life. It is 
a truth which must be ready in the soul. Ready at hand 
for use, if we would live the victorious life. For how 
much of the difficulty of common life is made up of 
minute surprises with the being taken unawares in little 
things— the maze of circumstances, the deceitfulness 
of our own hearts, the plots and efforts of those un- 
seen but perfectly real enemies, the personal spirits of 
evil that watch against the soul ! 

Nothing ought to be more intensely and directly 
practical than a clear apprehension and firm hold of 
oneness with Jesus Christ. I am not only very near 
Christ, but " I am in Christ, and he in me." I am the 
branch, he is the Vine. He and I are one living spirit, 
joined together by the power of God. This great 
truth is exactly fit to go out with me into common life 
and equally extends nobility over everything, every- 
where and always. 

The all-important aspect is growth inward; growth 
out of self into the Lord by mutual contact of my spirit 
with his Spirit. Our contact with him must not be 
maintained only, but developed, deepened, enlarged and 
enriched by a matter of effort. It must be a most real 
effort directed full upon the life-source of Christ our 
Head, by repeated exercises of self-surrender, confes- 
sion and turning from sin. It must be by the yielding 
of spirit, of will, of affections, of desires, of emotions, 
of senses, of faculties, of entire personality more and 
yet more to him. 

After Christmas 

(Continued From Page 231 

opened. Can you not recall a time when you wished 
you had just a little more money to buy a new garment 
when yours had grown shabby? Or, perhaps, it was 
some needed utensil, tool or piece of furniture. Real- 
ly, wouldn't it have been nice if some rich friend had 
filled the want and saved your pride? Can you not im- 
agine that there are people who have less than you who 
long for crumbs of comfort that you can give? 

Last year I had an old coat I decided to give to the 
Salvation Army. I telephoned to headquarters, but 
getting no response, I lugged the coat there to find 
everybody out ; so I carried it home again. I stopped 
to tell a neighbor about it. She was an old woman, 
entirely dependent on her son and his wife for sup- 
port. The son had a good income and she had food 
and some clothing, but no extras and no spending 
money. It had not occurred to me that she might care 
for anything I had to give, particularly cast off cloth- 
ing. When I had told my tale, she asked, 
" Why don't you give it to me?" 
" Of course I will, if you want it." 
She took my coat thankfully. Later I gave her a 
number of other things. So I learned a second lesson 
—to study how to help respectable neighbors, not yet 
burdens on society. 

Somehow I hope that next Christmas will be better 
than any such day which has preceded it. Right now 
I think it will be a good plan to arrange my gifts for 
the poor ahead of those for my friends or kin. I sup- 
pose at no time will there be a great amount of money 
to devote to this purpose, but I can use the skill of 
my fingers to fashion playthings to amuse little chil- 
dren, simple articles of clothing, and when the time 
comes, prepare food. And I can do it early enough to 
wrap each bundle so that it expresses love. And I can 
ask the poor to find the poor and if they are too many 
for me I know where I .can find willing hearts and 
hands to take up the task where I must leave it. I 
know there are many who would like a share in this 
work. How glad my laundress friend would be if all 
who read this would determine to carry on her work 
and do it all year long! 

At New Year you made some resolutions— to break, 
didn't you? Here is one to keep and a prayer to go 
with it. 

" Lord, thou hast called me to serve. I stand ready 
and will do thy will. Open my eyes to see and give me 
a heart of love." 
Long Beach, Calif. 

in our church, and it is a good idea ; for there is thought to 
be no canceling of a public engagement. 

This engagement was a surprise, however, to some of us, 
for we knew the young man had been engaged to a girl of 
another church. Finding out during the year that that girl's 
parents have some habits a member of the Church of the 
Brethren could not approve of, the parents on each side 
broke off the engagement. 

Meanwhile in the Bulsar community there was a neigh- 
bor who has a pretty young daughter, one who had been 
away for several years taking nursing. She returned and 
became a member of the hospital staff. She walked about 
and served as if she knew a few things, and of course at- 
tracted attention. More than one young man was glad to 
pass by her on the road, and more than one sought her 
heart, I am told. One won, as only one always does. 

It might interest you to know how it is done on this sidel 
It is worth knowing. After tea was served to all present, 
the pastor turned to one and asked him to lead in prayer. 
He then read 1 Cor. 6 : 12-20 and Philpp. 4 : 8, and talked 
especially about choosing things that are true, pure, lovely, 
of good report, etc. Out of modesty, the girl was sitting 
inside the house. Calling her outside, for we sat in the 
yard, the pastor asked her: " , do you wish to mar- 
ry ?" She replied: " I do." Turning to the young man, 

he asked: " , do you wish to marry ?" He an- 
swered as clearly in the affirmative. 

The pastor then asked whether they had any gifts to ex- 
change or give. The boy's father presented the girl with 
some nice looking garments and four glass bracelets, that 
some said were as yellow as gold. The girl's parents also 
presented the boy with suitable clothing. I suppose this 
cloth all told would not cost over $8.00. Then, one re- 
marked: "Our girls are so beautiful that we do not need 
to adorn them with gold in order to make them pretty." 

After this, the pastor prayed earnestly both for the young 
couple that they may lead happy, useful lives; but also for 
the parents on either side that they may have joy in each 
other's closer fellowship, in the future. After being served 
to a very good dinner we were dismissed. The girl's father 
turning to doctors and us said : " I beg your pardon for 
giving you the trouble to come and enjoy the evening with 

The date of the wedding is not announced, 
the couple joy and more joy, nevertheless. 
Anklesvar, India. 

We all wish 
I. S. Long. 


Young people get engaged in India also. I think Miss 
Saheb sometimes grants the two who have been casting eyes 
toward each other not more than fifteen minutes, together. 
They manage even in that short time, and run about as 
good risk of living happily ever after as most folks in the 
West do. 

The other evening about two dozen of us were invited 
to a public engagement. This sort is the order of the day 


A week ago a Bura boy came running to tell us that 
" Malam " Heckman was at the river. That meant to us 
that Brethren Bonsack and Emmert were only a mile away. 
Immediately a large group of men and boys were running 
towards the river to pull the Ford truck through the stream 
and across the sand. This gave some of us a little time to 
finish some Saturday cleaning, as we were getting company on 
Wednesday and we had not expected them until Thursday 
evening at the earliest. Before so long we heard the hum 
of the motor and the welcoming shouts of the people of 
the village. It was an exciting time for the schoolboys 
who had been dismissed from their classwork for the event. 
Finally the motor came to a standstill and was completely 
surrounded by black faces. In the group were many, many 
friends of the Beahms and Heckmans giving them a wel- 
come home again. They were also curious to see the two 
strangers coming into our midst. It was some time before 
we could get near enough for those handshakes to which 
we had been looking forward. 

One of our first questions was : " How did you come so 
quickly?" Dr. Gibbel had left Garkida with the Ford only 
six days before. Then it was that we learned that the 
brethren with the returning furlough party had motored 
while we slept, and not over American pikes either. How- 
ever, they chose to cover the bush road near Garkida in 
the daylight. , . . 

Bro. Emmert gave us a parable concerning this journey 
in his sermon at church the following Sunday. They had 
been waiting at Jos for there was no way to get to Garkida 
After church on the previous Sunday they found Dr. Gibbel 
with the truck. They were no nearer Garkida than when 
they went to church, but a way had opened for them to 
start for Garkida. They left Jos for Garkida on Monday 
afternoon. They rode and rode, night came on but still 
they rode They became sleepy and tired but they pressed 
on, so anxious were they to get to Garkida. All the next 
day found them on the road, but when night came their 
tired bodies called for a little rest. The most difficult road 
was yet ahead the next day. But all the inconveniences 
and the physical strain of the truck were nothing ,n com- 
parison to the joy of getting to Garkida. Such ,s the Chris- 
tian life if we press on and trust God. May we have the 
joy of meeting many of our black sisters and brothers at 
Garkida on the other side. 

The brethren spent the first evening wil 

th Dr. and Mrs. 
iTisTather "significant that it happened by so do- _ 
they spent their first evening at Garkida in the 
room which housed the first church and school six years 
ago. It has been a real joy for each of us to have them in 
our homes. The, brought to us messages from loved ones 
in America. The present plan i. for the deputation to spend 

(Continued on Page 30) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 12, 1929 

Letting Down the Fence 

(Continued From Page 21) 

A minister not ,on g since j-d. £«-«££ 
believed that souk were not tost that 1. 
£el ,o W shiped under ■»»»— ! ^wotS no t he 

keen them steadfast in the faith. Ana u 

into the world with that assurance that it wdl be 
with them. Christ died for his church (Eph. 25) 
In our presence once the statement of a belief that 

will Christ— if it is something they want. If one 
t 'l to he in the more popular way the tendency 
W0l ,,d be to take John the Baptist for it. It u dy 
is letting down the fence to talk that way. Allusion 
made to the mixing the law with the Gospel, as is 
known to have been done by the teacher. 
These insisted that some of the tenets of the law be 
incorporated with the teaching of the Gospel ,»ch » 
circumcision and other doctrines. Paul refers to «h, 
in 1 Cor. 3:10-15 under the figure of various 
substances, as: gold, silver, costly stones, wood hay 
stubble He probably had in mind the destruction of 
Jerusalem, when the" Jewish rule would in a sense be 
blotted out, and the force of the law end. Then these 
people would see the error of trying to implant that 
doctrine into the hearts of the Christian. And seeing 
this they would realize loss to them in their labor 
' « For other foundation can no man lay than that which 
is laid which is Jesus Christ." Because the law was 
recent and these teachers were conscientious it was 
given some consideration by the apostles. They had 
some chance for their salvation, but they would suf- 
fer the loss of all their labors. To teach that men can 
do that now and still be saved is to lay down the fence. 
For there are many who will go over and build upon 
whatever it may be-wood, hay. stubble. These seem 
to think as did a little boy once who wanted to burn 
out a bumblebees' nest that was in a straw stack. The 
fire did not stop with the nest, but burned the whole 
stack and seriously threatened the barn. A man and 
his little son were riding on the train. For the amuse- 
ment of the boy the man was pretending to throw the 
boy's hat out of the window, and then whistle it back. 
But older people get tired of playing sooner than chil- 
dren do. Having almost forgotten what they had 
been doing the father settled down to his wonted calm. 
But the boy was not tired yet. He took the hat in his 
hand and giving it a fling out of the window he cried : 
" Now, papa, whistle it back." The father had let 
down the fence and the colt got out. Any deception on 
the part of parents to their children is apt to let down 
the fence. Some time they are sure to find it out, and 
when they do, it lessens their confidence in their par- 
ents and also is most sure to lessen their faith in their 
God. ., o, what a tangled web we weave 

When first we practice to deceive." 

McComb, Ohio. 

test of the ages, and a witness to the happiness it gives 

Beatitudes contained in it . 1 tniim u 
Harrhburg, Pa 


Christmas <• Pas,, and i, becomes our g-J-J^ 
to publicly thank the good peep of - ^ 

had a part in making our «—»^'™ dividual 
blessed season. We have tried to write "jac 
or class who sent clothing or gifts but o ccas.0 V 
or bundle comes without the name of th. si, PP 
and it becomes a hard matter o pr er y -knowled^ 
Therefore, we want to tiianK you 

d °Ts " S the C "ndren from year to year I feel that 
, h £ absorbing much of the true C hnstmas . s,n .Jhe 
spirit of giving is growing n the* hear, 

God has blessed ,he teachers and children with good 

has been good. The flu is getting quite near to us, 

ha D u rCthe S hohdavs much was done to make ourselves 
During me , hauled sand on the 

butcher our hogs. We butchered 1 - ^^^^ 
ten altogether. Not very many for such a big family, 
then we are inclined ,0 be vegetarians. 

Many of you will be interested in a school paper, the 
Mottaft : Builders," which will be pubhsh^ = *. 
The subscription price is 25c per year. Address Mou nta n 
Builders " Geer, Va. Three hundred sample copies o the 
firs "sue w=r mailed ou, about Dec. 1. If you did not 
« i one it was because there were no, enough to go 
arouna The next issue will be mailed about Feb. IS. 

Some Jour good friends still have trouble getting he 
schooTaddress correct. All mail should be sen, : * th 
Church of the Brethren Industrial School, Geer, Va. AM 
«press or freight ,0 the Church of the Brethren Industrial 
School, Barboursville, Va. 

A victorious 1929 to all. Amsey F. Bollinger, 

Geer, va. 

waiting for a Savior. The world's g^testneed Uu Savio, 

T-sugges,s teacher and truth. J« us £ fte Trath » sai d 

au,hori,y-as ""er man spake. does thU 

Jesus. Not a part, but all of the truthj ^^ [M 

letter suggest to you? Think » m£a „ ,„ cvery 

atonement and altar What does a as far 

one who comes to Jesus? II. bea s my ^ ^ 

as the east is from the west. W. all ne ^ r _ r<; 

cmcified, the whole vvidewoddTh ^^ ^ 

*"?£ Hcl The word tit. needs this Redeemer. The 
sanctifies on. The wo „ ctr ated you? 

star is still rad,ant. Have ray ^ ^ y mw 

St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


e l«t church officers for the C ™' M »'"•„,, „ 011 „f the old officer, 
elder b charge « the ££•«,££ f'' help «* .0 .to ■«■■■»■». " 
were reelected with two more ora w H Sbjd ie, 

,hc new cemetery at the Cure telle c ^ ^^ _ 

Sr,^e c\™e,fe"cU h on Dec 22 ^^STJSS 
S^MrC'^ «U,, Dec. 31. 

vith their 


. Hi., 

Glendora.— Dec. 2 Bro. 
preached ior us at the 
age of eighty-six, and is 
La Verne preached in th« 
ton preached both mor 
Christmas message Dee 
ing. We held our regul 
his companion, because 
they have been with i 
labored faithfully, givin, 
be comforted, cheered 
accepted the resigns 
ministerial board is 
elected for ~ L ~ 

' and 

:, Bro. Roy Brubaket 

rkdoll, formerly of Napci ville, 

,rviccs- he has lived to the ripe 

...rVabte man Bro. Alva Long of 

■ D *. ,« Eld O. V. Long ol Fuller- 

evening he also brought us the 

ese messages were helpful and insp.r- 

,n f 14 Our elder and pastor, and 

council Dec. It. U" "-' roc i„nnliolT 

. „1 taillns health 1™"""° """ X y ""« 
„s lor the past fourteen years. miy "•' 
", "hemseUes that others 
"and'tT.sed. The church wfth deep r« 
„. At present we .re without a pastor hur^ 
£?,£ :f,o',ow.r ™e C „TD. Sollcnbcrge, ; 

HU Loss 


Just after the recent wreck of the Vestris, when so 

many lives were lost, some one asked a colored man 

from the Barbados, Henry Elexie by name, about his 

loss and he replied that he had lost his underwear 

. worth one dollar and sixty cents and all his books. 

It was found later that "all his books" were the 
Bible and the Beatitudes of the Bible, and he said to 
his questioner: " Man, I thought a lot of them." 
Another witness to the one Book that has stood the 


Truly the sun shone in great splendor all day. And the 
rays from ,he Star of Bethlehem never penetrated deeper 
info the hearts and minds of the peop.e than at th, O nst- 
mas. Such was the expression of many people. For every 
p,ace of worship was crowded with men, "■—"**£ 
dren, all seemingly anxious to grasp more clearly the mean 

'"Thisrarrsomc o, the Scriptures from which the light 
radiated in all directions. Papers, bearing fragments of he 
messages given were sent out to nearly every state in the 
union and some across the waters. Why not send a few 
fragments to our own beloved " Messenger ? 

"The Virgin Birth of Jesus." 

" Bethlehem's Star Still Radiant." 

"The Great Galilean." 

"The Shining of the Star." 

"Does America Want Christmas?" 

" His Name." , ... . 

" Christmas the Most Stupendous Event in the History of 

"Why the Chimes Rang." ,,-■..< „ 

These and many other far-reaching rays of light from 
Jesus the Light of the world began to shine from early sue 
o'clock in the morning. The Sunday preceding Christmas 
was a most glorious day in St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Crowds were so great at some churches that a sermon 
was preached in the auditorium during the Sunday-school 
period Then the same sermon was preached to a packed 
house by the same pastor at the regular preaching hour 

Truth is as free as the air we breathe. Why not broad- 
cast it then in our sowing, no matter who puts up the pack- 
age of seeds? Let us study the significance of the star. 
What did the star mean to the Wise-men? It spoke to 
them of a King, the most wonderful King the world ever 

saw or will see. 

For what may each letter in the word star stand? b- 
for a Savior: seeking, suffering, sinless, The World was 

.■'MesVnger" age,,,, Sister Effic Norcro,.j 

„..apond.n..-.he writer. '^^■.^.".^Sl.rf. The 
the direction of the primary depa l« ■ .«! « ■" <.„., S|sh | y 

teacher, ate to be commended 10. -then ^Bo«s ^ ^ o( 

had charne of the music. ™,f "'j™'' h " , s , done for the past few 
our business men who B avc $»»! tta he has a D ^^ 

years. The school also brought gilts lor » ^ sl]|) . 

berger will bring his first message In "» "f^ U , hc Congtegalion's 
■ ^t Th* Filler 6 Duty to the Longregaium »» 
J D 't'yTS .h!'E,d.,.-An y „a Cnagy. Glendora, C.hi.. Dec «■ 

Memoir "S y°o"u'ng ^ople's Snnday.chool das, '^^^ 
mag. sale which oe.ttd >''"«"■ ^ tow. to. » ^^ „„;,„,„,„. 
them for the purpose of buying a new "'''"° . . s „ vlce . The day 
Nov. 2S was observed with the annual Thanksgiving ser „,ce 
wa, indeed one of thanksgiving and reioimng « B «» »» 
the clou of indebtedness .gams, out new church hu. g 
pr.s.ive .erviee wa. read by tic oMtot al J™",™' „, ^ M W as 
l„ burned by the trustees ol he irtJ-^J lor th , 
lifted in response to the call of he Gen. :r.l » - adjou ,„ed to 

work in the home field^ At the close of n s r it ) , ^ 

the basement where a bountiful dinne a ,e t > acnation. sent 
more than 100 being at the table . T "'™";° '" w \„„ aWe to supply 

the adult department. An offering' was taken ^ 10 ouf 

si o„ s and %™^\r*Sf n!". oor forme'r pastor, brought 
city. Dec. 23 Bro. VV. "-.;"" „„. 26 the deputation team 

us the morning and evening messages- _\t- rv Heisel Woody, 

of La Verne Vollcge gave a splendid program.-Mary, 
Oakland. Calif., Dec. 29. ,. Cnurc h 

Ri„ Lind, church met for a business meeting Dtc^ U C 

iKeTsmS/eTelmt'en ^TVwhl'p.c/vt.cei Mr.. 1^ 

-f " totn S£!el2!Ti.:i wnth^e 

Susie Gliek and hot two daughters, »e art 1 »»"» ' interesting 

Sunday morning. Dee. 23 , h, 1 Sunday-. ich 00 «»»s » ^ „„, „„ g , 

Christmas program. It "■"'»'«* ,. "verne tollege will be with us 
Dec. 29 the deputation earn torn ^ ^^^ ^ 

and give a program. The Ladies tiui » encouraged 

during the J.rt KJjto* <«„ » ^JS a," son will 
hrgivIn r r; d .he"'Aid WO o r n N™ Verr-s eve.-Mra. L. P. Eohert.on, Km 
Linda, Calif., Dec. 24. CANA DA 

business session Dec. 10. Church office" 

. year with Bro. J. H Btubaker elder. 

•Jl, las. Inne for hi. new fidd lot labo, 

filled his place very acceptably unti 

I fmm Wcnatchee, Wash.,, began h' 

Bow Valley church met i 
were elected for the conn 
Our pastor, Bro. Leo Milk., 
in California and Bro. Brubak 
Sept. 1 when Bro. Rodney M 

ate het 

He i 

I Spirit-filled 1 


also outlined a vety ««■«"- --— --- 

ing year. Prof. Shearer, pa of th 

parents. Sunday evening. Dec 16 
Bible Society, gave us 
day evening the Sund 

,„ D jacb Sunday; lie 
program for the com- 
high school of Arrowood, 
Teacher-training- His last 
e was especially helpful to 
■ 'of the British and Foreifin 
..m^ateT lecture on missions Last Sun- 
school rendered a beautiful White Gift se 

; ahout $85 ' 

Martin met with an accident somc- 
into him. turning his car over and 
time ago »..<;» - • ;-■ Mirtin was badly shaken up and 

practically demolishing It. bister M "" 1 hcm is stiu con fi n «d to 

L°ho J U« : STltofi «"/.? SU«, A. D. Kcsler, Arrowood. 
Alta., Dec. 31. COLORADO . 

. ,., wnrW has been progressing nicely. 
return-Since the la,. ".?°,' ,ed by Bro M. M. Heiny, rendered a 
In November our chorus, •>""■''" ._ ' . h church orchestra from 
cantata, The Beatitudes, accompanied by toe ^^^ evening Bible 
Enders, Nebr. Keen »'«=«" '°°"mu« up the book ol Revelation. 
class taught by the pastor; we arc UKTO 1 ^ BrQ B A 

BiLieT^^-™ t "^ rs; irs - - 
£„wX d ^"< ~ "-' " ,h u * " ,h " """" 


. n ii in a rccular business session ior in 
c,eSon k o^e ™m^t K» &. 7*^^ '..S 

asnr-rs k "-^^r^ orr-an-un-d-to 

otcr 200 ate dinner in the chu tch «•"'»» '» Bering of- »»■» was 
etgb, were present for Suoday.aohonl and an ofi e, g ^^ c|> , dc 

Ulted lor home missions. We had the pieasu 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1929 


B T'fc";.°" X^-^ir^ src'-p 

"staKd in the l«»t correspondence-Mr,. Ada Rover. Lanark, III., 

D "' "' 1,,,,-h met in business session Dec. 30 at which time 

Slnmnoo church met .n business se anMhet y „, 

fep^ent'inr.'e'^Y, P. D. 4. M, Morris OgJ*---; 
^ w r^"iS"ffi. lS™«-^ Is'S."'^ church 
■»'.""" "°„M, Dro West giving the sermon. An offering oi S6.S0 
""' .'I „ at his °i„"ior Near East Relief work. Oct. 11 our pastor 
".' S B .«e ar, oyster supper a. the church alter which a program 
e ven This was done to show their appreciation of the members 
was &'??■ J"". ' k w observed Golden Rule Sunday with 
r,pp'r. Ha." «r» ».«..« »< »»■« to Near Em. M ef 

jtittenhou.e ol «<■ ™°'"» •JJJJ „„. 30 Bro . Clarence Shockley ol 
SiS* School gave a^ fitting new ^ -.- a**,- 

Hcislcr, Shannon, III., JJec. 01. 
s.«rlta*-Bro. John S. Flory of Napcrville, 111., began a , scriM of 

The music was -„p rv niirht Larue representations from 

„,usic being '"^/'J.'XVille Polo and 5ixo»-me, with*, several 
adjoining tb 7 ,h S™ T ,',,, "atnest oi the meeting b, their 
evenings and added much to me iu,e c, m H av morning Bro. 

p „,ent. Among them ««=»"'"'" "° , inspiration ,„ the 

. with some vocal selections which were a g v 

congregation. The real work o< 'he^hur h to tu ^ 

C h,i,, and Bro F or, gave us J^*»g*J ,„ „ armo „ y „ ith ,„« 
preached good crmons. One ac^cp |rom ^ 

STv-schci. a" ompanied P hy teach.r.'.nd officers, started out about 
„7c o'clock Christmas morning to »■-.; t/'ma," w S 

- •" ab r:, ,r »£» w s h ,'d™.™S-tr«. s„„day, 

^ remand Zch a^prccfated by all-Jenme Hoak. Sterling, 
III., Dec. at. 

Plunge Crock Chapel— Dec. 16 our church closed a very inspiring 
and spiritual revival meeting conducted by the pastor. Bro. J. """ 
Winger. The interest and attendance were good throughout despite 
the lac. that many people in the community were sick. Our own 
congregation and some of our sister churches brought inspiring mes- 
sages in music which were much appreciated. Two person,, a father 
and mother who were formerly members ol another church, were 
received by baptism. On account of much sickness among our mem- 
hership, our December council has been postponed until a later date. 
Mrs. Lizzie Landis, Claypool, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Santa Fo church met in council Dec. 20. Sister Fuchsia Webb Condo 
was reappointed " Messenger '• agent, and Dossie Webb Fewell,.corre- 
.pendent One wa, received into the church by baptism and two by 
letter. The treasurer's report was accepted for the year, the recorO 
showing the church to be wide-awake. The Sunday-school „ doing 
nicely with Bro. Abner Bohn. superintendent. The attendance and 
offering show the work is moving on. Dr. Muter ol Goshen was 
with u, Nov. 11 and gave the message of the morning. He is four 
score and five years old but he can bring God's message with power. 
Dee. 23 the children rendered a Christmas program. Mr. Huttle of 
Indianapolis gave the addre,, Sunday, Dec. 30 on the subject The 
Liquor System.-Dossie Webb Fewell, Bunker Hill. Ind., Jan. 


orphanage. Some gave money for „ ission wa k and ,, 

families were hclped.-Florence L. snaier. orei , , 

,-," r" weTelc'S .« ,r coL^g-yeaVi A-T~ »£- 
SaST N"c,trpr»er meeting l.ade. We held a meeting 
Thanksgiving evening. The young people gave, '°™£?£fi%£ 
Sunday evening, Dec. 23. which was well ""«"« d <° * '"" * M,cnc 
-Mrs Fhebe E. Teeter, Mooreland. Ind., Dec. 26. 

Bumettsvillo-Dec. 29 the four churches <*J>S^l, *"., Ve« 
pageant, To All People. Bro. B. F. Petry was director. It » ^ very 
Mniresi ve and much appreciated, being given twee the same evening 
,.' P ,ccom»od.,e the people The church me. ,n council Dec »-- 
Martha R. Tobias, Bumett.vdle, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Camp Creek-Our new church year began 0«. '• G.«n„ D isher wa, 

I he enrollment. We took a Thanksgiving offering which '»«»«' ™ 

hers' meeting Dec. 27 Bro. JJaun nicizier ,„.,=„,.,,■ he has 

Stockhouse, clerk; Bro. W. E. Thorn.., otatoh «"»?»'"' » M * 
served for thirty years.-Mary Shively, Etna Green, Ind.. Dec. 31. 
Fairvicw church me. in council to close the work for the year and 

Einir S^^JSlif sSerln^cS; s? Js 

Skiles.-Anna E. Wagoner, Lafayette, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Middl..ow„.-We me. in council Dec . 1. . Bro. f'"'.'"'^ 
nio.leraior in the absence of Eld. Dillon. A ministerial board of three 

T t voice of the church w y ,s taken in favor of selecting another deacon 
and the lot fell on Brother and Sister Franc,. D.tly. Dec. 23 i » was restored to church fellowship. The Ladies *'*"*"-« 
some very practical work. Dec. 14 they held a bazaar, realizing a 
little more than ,30. Sunday evening. Dec. 23. our Christmas program 
was abl, directed by Sister Zo Daily. In connection with the pro- 
gram the pastor and wife were presented with a chair by the member, 
and community as an depression of appreciation of their services. 
We are well pleased with the increasing interest shown in the Sunday 
school.— Catharine Smeltzer, Seymour, Ind., Dec. 31. 

North Winona church conducted her last quarterly business se £ l ™ 
oi the year Dee. S. Not many changes were made in the official 
personnel Bro Geo. Snell wa, retained a, eld., for another year 
with Harry Lozier as Sunday-school superintendent Our attendance 
ha, been cut down in the 1... month because of a .carle, .fever 
epidemic and many member, suffering from influenza. Ibe ultrjitrnM 
program was dispensed with because of so much illness At IhanKS- 
giving two of our classes served a chicken supper at the churcn to 
a large crowd; the proceeds went to a special fund lor reflooring of 
the church. The Aid Society sent a box of new and made over dom- 
ing to Chicago to be used as Christmas gift, for the needy. We have 
been enjoying ,ome special meetings the past month Dec t tne 
Nappanee choir gave a fine program oi music and on Dec. 9 Brother 
and Sister A. M. Stine oi Adel, Iowa, were with us. The former 
Preached a fine sermon in the morning, following which two were 
baptized. Several young people from Norlh Winona attended the 
young people's conference held recently at Middlebury Our pastor 
Bro. Overholser. will hold a week's pre-Eastcr service and Brother and 
Sister O. H. Austin have been secured to hold an evangelistic meet- 
ing for u, prior to Annual Conference.-Mary E. Bryant, Pierceton, 
Ind., Dec. 31. 

Pleasant HilL-Our series of meeting, began Nov. 18 and closed on 
Sunday evening, two weeks later. Sister Mary Cook conducted .he 
meeting. Sister Edith Weybright led in song and each evening told 
the children a story which contained a good lesson; these were enjoyed 
by all. The work of these sisters was very much appreciated because 
they labored faithfully and much good seed wa, sown. The attendance 
was fine. Four new members were added to the church during the 
meeting. On Thanksgiving we had an all-day meeting, closing with 
a love feast. The members met Dec. 14 in the evening and elected 
new officers for the coming year. Dec. 23 Bro. Everett Chapman, one 
of our home ministers gave us a Christmas sermon. The following 
evening the children gave a short Christmas program. It was decided 
at the last members' meeting that the Ladies' Aid Society would take 
over the " Messenger " agency— Hildreth Gump, Churubusco. Ind., 
Dec. 31. 

Union Cont.r.-Bro. I. D. Heckman of Cerro Gordo III., came to us 
Nov. 29 and began a two weeks' revival meeting. The attendance and 
interest were fine during the entire time. Two witnessed for Christ. 
Bro. Heckman visited many homes in the community. His sermons 
were very inspiring and the church was greatly strengthened spirit- 
ually We met in council Dec. 20. The following officer, were 
elected; Elder. Bro. John Frederick; correspondent. Ruth Iredenck; 

" Messenger " agent, LiUie Newco,ner.-Edn, Miller, Wakaru.a, Ind., 

Upnor Fall Creek church met in council Dec. 22. Bro. L L. Teeter 
„" , cTosen elder for another three year,. The various other officer, 
were chosen to serve their time again. Bro. Carpenter will preach 
for us another three months; he u from Anderson -Rachel L. 
Ueicander. Middlctown, Ind., Dec. 28. 

West Goaheic-Nov. 9 Bro. David Metzler of Nappanee, Lid, came 
to us in a two weeks' series of meetings. His messages were Snirit- 
filled, inspirational and constructive. A, a result two a.cepted Christ 
and were baptized. Nov. 27 we held our love feast with Bro. Metzler 
officiating. Dec. 19 we met in couocd for the purpose of rcorgan zing 
for the coming year. Bro. M. D. Stutsman is elder, Bro. roster 
Berkey. clerk; Minnie Bogie. "Messenger ' agent; the writer. 
correspondent—Mr,. Clayton Ganger. Goshen. Ind., Dec. 31. 

White church met in council Dec. S Bro David Loveless wa, 
reelected Sunday-school superintendent for the coming year lie 
church wa, grcally benefited by a gilt Irom the late Nancy J. Shell 
estate which was given in the form of an endowment.-Margucnte 
Loveless. Clark's Hill, Ind.. Dec. 29. 

Yellow Cr*ek.-The young people gave a Christmas program Dec. 23 
... >.;k, ..;„,, was tnken for Africa workers which with 

A missionary contribution was taKen ior zsuica 

the collection of the previous Sunday amounted to $46. Dec. 31 two 
voung people received the rite of baptism and at the same .he" and mo.h.r were reclaimed and were gladly "«'™ J '» ,b ' 
church We have a large number of young folks who are active in 
Sunday-school work and church ,ervic=.-I. S. Bums, Wakaru,., Ind., 
Jan. 1. 


Muse.tine.-Dee. 23 our Sunday-school gave their Christmas program 
in a commendable manner. At the close Bro Homer Miller, our 
superintendent, wa, presented with , be.«..tol to»»t».n per, tt. UJ>f » 
of the school in appreciation of his efforts. Bro. Miller . a, again 
elected as superintendent lor the coming year. We ob served Bible 
dav Dec 9 with an attendance at Sunday-school ol eighty-two. In 
general the schflol is doing very nicely _ The promotion exercises will 
t held Dec. 30,-Mrs. Roy Bowman, Muscatine, Iowa, Dee. 29 

foreign mission program of the ehurch.-M. B. Williams, Detroit, 
Mich., Dec. 26. 


Cere.nwood.-Nov. 18 our pastor, A. W. Adkin,, began a revival with 
good attendance and interest. He delivered go.pel sermons, continu- 
ing lor nearly three weeks. Dec. 1 we held our communion with a fa r 
attendance of member, present. The following Sunday we had our 
usual morning service, with basket dinner. In the afternoon a 
Thanksgiving program. The Home Mission, was given. An oScring 
wa, lilfd c5 Sl-'S which we presented to our faith ul pastor. We 
had not had a revival meeting for three years. The Lord s work ha. 
been neglecied here ami the work i, difficult. We ibeLord 
for the five who gave their heart, to him. We have recently 
organized a B. Y. 1". D. and cottage prayer meetings. Dec. JO our 
regular council convened. Bro. Adkin. was unanimously reelected 
pastor for 1929. A teacher-training cla„ was organized to be con- 
ducted in connection with the weekly prayer meeting. Bro Lawrence 
Oitlcy wa, reelected superintendent. The Sunday .chool and preaching 
services are growing in attendance and interest—Mrs. J. W. Oxley. 
Mt. Grove, Mo., Jan. 1. 


Ender. church met in business session Dec 22. The annual election 
of officers was taken care oi ai this time. It was also deeded hat 
Bro. Miller begin a series of, Jan 20. the love feast lo be 
observed at the close. Bro. Roy Miller and wile of Myersville. Md.. 
arrived here Nov. 19, the former to serve as regular pastor for 
one ylsr under P,e,c,,, arrangements-Mrs. Edwin Flory, Enders, 
Nebr., Dec. 31. 


Kenmar. church met in council Die. 29 with Bro. G. I. Michael 
presiding We are looking forward lo a series of meetings in June- 
Mr,. Ida M. Hodgson, Kenmarc. N. Dak., Dec. 29. 

Panther Cr«k-The church a. .hi, place is in .growing condition 
and is enjoying a season of peace and prosperity. We have on active 

^f^^rp^PtoS zw&p in - ss*j 

activity. On Thanksgiving evening we held a service at the ctaA 
followed by a fellowship supper where old and young mingled ,n a 

p^^hed'",iirt,ncrwl,„ JS difficulty, S StE 

iSer £ ST, VjZSTSSSZ prngraTwas-'rend « 
attended. "° ""' . H „ uns , „„p| e met at the church about 
and on Christmas """"""' L Christmas carol, 

J- 111 n rlock to BO OUt over tne communuj suits 1 1-6 — - 

to the skk, he shut-ins and other,. Many expression, of apprecia- 
°on and commendation were given them. After the trip they all met 
1, the home of our elder. Bro. A. M. Stinc, lor breaklo,.. together 
We are planning to hold a watch meeting at the church on New 
Year" Eve Bro Stine i, at present in a hospital in Chicago, where 
he" enf lor an operation la,, week. The church feel. h. absence 
during the holiday sea.on— Ruth, Adel, Iowa, Dec. 2«. 


MorrilL-Dec. 31 we held our regular- council at which time a rcor- 
„„:„,;.. of church Y. P. D. and junior band was effected. Dec. ju 
fhe e was a prog am by the young people, followed by an interesting 
there was a prob ' w H Y d „ ur Christmas program. 

Sr..r«...! a B „d°'speeial music was put on Sunday evening 

,-£ i,SsundaVi& Jr £"..'%£,'% »"-»;£ 

sXaTnt prcsi^ '^^^'"^^Z^ 
and hi, party are to begin a three week,' campaign in our city- 
Mrs Clint Stover, Morrill, Kans., Jan. 1. 

North Solomon-Dee. 16 we closed a two weeks' revival conducted 
by Brother and Sister Jarboe. A, a direct result seven ""'"..on. 
were made; four have been baptized into the church. On Sunday a 
ci , ai-.'.r was served Dec. 17 our love least was held with Bio, 

issar-ss rhcSd.^r.„d b T„nd, h ;=, je^ 

c^<s^•Jr^''rT;^^K.^'^;e•T™•" d - , • 


r. _ ii.„ FuanHiintic meeiincs were held at the South Browns- 
Brownsvllle.— tvangeiisiic nit nuns- , M „„.:„„j nn p a 

mas services were held by all three of our Sunday- schools. An offer- 
er «?-U) »,( taken at our Brownsville service for world-wine 
'm ssions^olirTuar'terr," council was held »~**™£%3£ 
hold our spring love feas, May 2S-Mrs. Ira L. Kae.zel, Brownsville. 
Md Dec. 31. 

MyersvlUe-At our love feast and communion service, OcL 20 about 
325 c"n,»nic.nt. participated. Edw. C Bixler. presiden, o Blue 
Ridee College, officiated at the service. Bro. L. B. Martin assisteo. 
B„ S Henry our pastor, preached an uphliing a, «^ "■■»"■» 
sermon on harvest Sunday. An offering ol $77.12 wa, lilted I™ 
mi, ions Our Christmas service Dec. 22 was a real succes,. The 
climax of the service wa, .he decision of five young girl, i to give 
their lives to Christ. They were baptized the following day vve 
have just finished installing a steam heating plant „, the church and 
are „™ remodeling the basemen, making it into Sunday-school class 
rooms— Margaret Leatherman. Myersville, Md., Dec. 31. 


Detroit (FirsO-Thc Chinese Sunday-school gave a splendid program 
Sunto Dec 23. Bro. Moy Way. the Chinese leader had charge o 
Cunaay, z, consisted oi special Chinese music, instrumental 

SS^eir^ d hir-=,;^?sLe-^^e 

Than ten year.. The Chinese contribute liberal!, to the home and 


Beech Grove church met in council Dec 29. Committee, were chosen 
for the coming year Bro was elected elder for two year. 
and Sister lf'ttie Rife, "Messenger" correspondent. We recent ly 
closed a revival meeting conducted by Bro. Chas. Flor, and wife oi 
Piquai Ohio. Two accepled Christ-Hetlie Rife, Hollan.burg, Ohio. 

Black Swamp church held it. quarterly council Dec 20^ We : re- 
elected our Sunday-school officers, w.ih Bro. Waller Kurfes, ..perm 
.eudenl. Sunday evening. Dec. 23. we had a Christmas entertainment 
which consisted ol singing, reading,, recitation,, special music a and a dialogue entitled. The Birth of Peace, given by a c la,, 
of boy, and girl,. An offering wa, taken lor missions, after which 
a treat oi oranges and candy was given to the school— Mrs. Ascnath 
Baker. Lcmoyue. Ohio. Dec. 27. 

E.gk, Creek-On evening we expected to have the 
Byler family give u, a mu.ical program but while en route to tic 
church the, met will, an au.omobile accident. However five of .he 
r -. . r „ t .,t -ind wf en oved very much the ohl hymns ami 

P v Ca werc coming to hear the plain, old-iashioned gospel preached; 
bu, on account of the flu epidemic the attendance fell off. As a ,c,u I, 
of the meetings lour have been baptized and two aw.,,, the r u .Dec. 
28 wc met to elect officer, for the new year. Bro. J. J. Aiigleinyer 
„." chosen a, our pastor and elder; Bro. P. D. Donaldson 
Sunday-school .uperinieudcot; Bro. C. C. Pr.ckler. trustee. Dee. 30 
Prof Weaver oi California wa, with us. We enjoyed hi. drawings 
ve", much as each one contained a real lesson for every one-Pearl 
Rodabaugh, Williamstown, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Foatorf. church me, for regular business session Dec. 12 Mj,U| 
Dull wa, elected church clerk and Dorothy Newhouse, Messenger 
acent The report, Irom the different committees were accepled. Our 
Christmas program was postponed un,il Dec. 30 on account of „ck- 
nes, of many who were to have a par, in the service-F.nnie 
Frederick, Fostoria, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

HanvUlo-The <?«^ ™££» ^"Jl \? m"a" Sk".'. 
rating"' Thanks'giving service, were held, a, which time an 
offering wa, taken lor home missions. Our council meeting was held 
n., ° Officer, lor the new year were elected as lollows; C. H. 
Seardorff re elder; Ira You,,,, clerk; Henry Pontius, trustee; 
Mr", rnfz'abcth Schr.ntz. "Messenger" agco. .yd corre.poi.den A 

m ( „ r ,(,. „ PVJ year was adopted. 1 lie \. 1- iJ. was gi.ui.tu 

ITS ivil g S pEg'. Piano in the church on ,ix month,' ,„„. to 
L, ..Til evening and special services. The young people were 
a„c, U gra„,S me%,ivi,cgc o, hohf ^-«taW-J » ■*£ °^ 

SlS^S.^r^ m" 8 agai,: l 'orVc = d r r,da, eve Wc are 

to start niowct i-teroting and soul-inspiring messages each 

lSVou'r" S pas, e o7. The Christma, progran,, were revered Sun- 
.Uv Dec 23. The childr.m gave their program in the morninR aim 

Kinsley, llarl.ille. Ohio, Dec. 31. 

We.t Nimlahdlen church held its quarterly business meeting Oct. 27. 
vS^mittces^i the *«* y. *- , ^^ *- ^ 

A goodly •"""he n , " r,e ' 1 ou ; v ;. ni ' Dcc . jo. under the direction of 
at the church on .Sunday ev<.mii,j. ^"->- ■ „„:,-.;_-« ..-.ntrt 

given— Ethyl M. Rudy, Massillon, Ohio, Dec. 31. 


-*P» ?S;^HSB3£^^£di 

ErEiTn -anrs^riSent^if tu,ar KS 
n,., few change, were made in our school and we are expecting 
° ! '..™7ta the coming year. A consecralion will be 
greater in teres, in i . • Chrislmas program wa, 

held lor all officer, and UKlxn U« »,«, with u. 

n ,0 W '.r.«J ctin, Br" S. Z. Smith to be wi.h u, in j - > 
od meeiing, in A-pril-M?, Cha, O. P.«, Cu,hi„g. Ok,,. Dee 27. 


mission funds by giving one offering a month.-H. H. Kilter, jaaoei. 
Ore.. Dee. 29. PENNSYLVANIA 

W^g^ia^aScd Vine £2 ZEZ.. '°™^ 

httZLStfZ adder,. b 'h^hurch t ^ST S 
Su, ds, schooT ah, day service were held Nov. IS. A. E. Wilt, ,u,,er- 
?. I „. enieritu, and Superintendent L.ram, ol the city school, 
intemuni enn i , O . cas ioo At the same time we celebrated 

were the .peakc, on tl I™.. UJ. ^.^.^ rf „, ch „ c „ „,„, our 

nastori'n charge. Bro. D. B. Haddocks gave an interesting his.orical 

Z'ZT Lurch Thr„k^vin y g Day Rev. Saul, ol %£•*?*<%£ 
church delivered ibe address. A collection was taken lor the need, 
of-Jur ei,y-B. F. Ranck. Al.oona, Pa.. Dee. 31. 

aihHeht— Wc have been making some progress. We needed a 

, ^fvan.l mo e "as, room, for our Sundayschool. So we have 

b„il, an audMo™ which cost ,1,300; beside giving u, a covenient pool, 

(Continued on Page 32) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1929 


(Continued From Page 2» 

c , ing of «^*? -Et-ta- -sited the Boys' and 
Thursday and Friday t to wa(ching an 

Girls' Schools, and stood for Jorty (hey 

elephantiasis operation at the hospital . t r y ^ 

3«e„ded the church , prayer roe, «, -*£ * f ' ^ 
Saturday a meeting of the cx " ul . A , this mc eting 

tion - , ,. ,h. Garkida church our native Chris- 

Sunday forenoon at the & » Hcckmans 

tians gave their welcome to the «pu. ^ 

and Beahms-tvi.h ^^^ hid accepted 
a „ occasion of rejoicing that so m . y q[ 

Chris, during the year an, of hop ,!«__. ^^ ^ 
the Bura people. One ot tne m 
by the native Christians was that these me 
beards could come all this distance u th interes to 
sou ,s and that their old people were being ost I 
occasion **£££~ %*£ *£t £U in the 
Su "« "„ .h^ir lips and with new earnest- 

"^unt^ing ... of tne missionaries ^thercd to 

^■^=^ = - 

^shed that Brother J-S*^ £ ^rdemna 

cussions with individuals and groups of at 

St A°l'am writing this the deputation and some of the mis- 
«£5r« Ptafsing God and eating breaWast or th. .top 
of Garkida Mountain. It is a great joy, just as tne sun 
appearing above the horizon, to see the dawn o a new day 
a m PP BuXd. both literaUy and figuratively speahw From 
the top of the mountain one can see village fires .n every 
direction. A couple of vi.lage churches car * „ be s.«l 
As the camp fire is an,on that there IS life in tne 
village so the village church indicates that the gospe! ,s 
taking hold of the hearts of our Bura people 
Garkida, Nigeria, West Africa. Lo^ Helser. 


When Bro. B. F. Click of Bridgewater. Va suddenly 
died on Sept. 3, at his home, a noble prince of srael fell. 
Bo Sick, however, had been ailing somewhat for weeks 
yet he was up and about. 1 
myself read a letter he dic- 
tated on important business, 
in which he showed clearly 
he expected an early return 
to health. But within an hour 
his great spirit had passed 
into the "sweet beyond." 

Bro. Glick was born at 
Weyers Cave, Augusta Coun- 
ty, Va. He has one brother 
living. Eld. D. M. Glick, wide- 
ly known as a singer, and four 
sisters : Martha C. Senger of 
home missionary service, Sis- 
ter Daniel Garber, Sister S. 
G. Miller and Sister Stover. 

Bro. B. F. Glick was one of the best persona fnend I 
ever had Hence I knew him intimately and almost for 
TwiSL He was conscientious, industrious, possessed 

citizen, and walked as a prince among Christian men. 

Funeral services were conducted in the home by Bra C 
B. Smith. He was laid to rest a. Linvil.e Creek c^etery 

Nokesville, Va. 

Bro Glick married Sister Emma Whisler and three chil- 
dren were born to this union. In youth he un.ted with the 
Church of the Brethren and in due time he was chosen to 
the ministry, advanced to the second degree-as we then 
said— and finally ordained to the eldership. 

For several sessions he attended Bridgewater College. 
Later he became a traveling salesman and then settled down 
to farming in the Valley. He later located in Louisa Coun- 
ty where he did the most and his best church work. He 
was a member of the building committee when the Trev.han 
church was erected. In addition to his liberal subscription 
he gave $100 to assure the basement. In this church he was 
promoted officially and was largely active, as a charter 
member in helping to establish the congregation. He rented 
his farm and moved to Richmond, where he and his good 
wife were able to begin the work, which has grown into 
the Richmond church of such great interest to all Virginia 


the Brick church congrega- 

He was- married to Annie 
L. Peters in 1873. Twelve 
children, seven boys and five 
girls were born to this union. 
All the children are living not 
far distant from the old 
homestead except the follow- 
ing: his youngest daughter, 
Eva, who lives in Washing- 
ton, D. C; his two oldest 
boys, Jarius and John, who 
live in Nebraska; and his 
youngest son, Floyd, in far- 
away Los Angeles, Calif. 
He united with the church soon after he wal .married or 

into church relationship. 

Bro. Flora was a man of strong Christian character and 
the church never doubted his purpose r"™, B J£ 
He was elected to the deacon's office in 1881 and called 
,o the minis ry in 1885. It was a, this time that the writer 
got 1 is first impression of the teaching and purpose of 
fa°s,ing The Z Bro. Flora was called to .the m „ns.£ 
my father, mother, and sisters ate no ***«•£ ™£ 
fasted that morning. They went to church without partak 
„g of the morning meal. General so emn.ty prevailed and 
a tone of sacredness was apparent in every move o< my 
people Under such a feeling of responsibility Bro. Flora 
was eected to the ministry. Being called **.*«* 
in such a frame of mind and heart, we marvel not at his 
devotion to his task and his lifelong interest in the growth 
and progress of the kingdom. 

He had few educational advantages, but he was a great 
Bible reader. He could quote more scripture and make 
more scriptural applications to the things of ■*«"£ 
man in his congregation. Bro. Flora was one of the faith 
ful horseback missionaries. Either alone or in company with 
a brother minister he rode through rain and snow with the 
hope, as he expressed himself, of doing some good and he p 
tag omebody In the pulpit, he may not have equaled 
some of his coworkers, bu, his discourses always contained 
many good and valuable truths. As we view it, Bro. Flora 
was one of the few men to attain to such a standard as 
•• She hath done what she could." He was a willing worker 
and a regular attendant both a. church and . Sunday-s^ 
We never saw anyone enjoy preaching services better than 
he To everyone, and especially to the young people for 
their efforts in church work, he was always among the first 
to extend the right hand of encouragement accompanied 
by a good word. He was a great fireside talker, and in his 
hospitable home both friend and stranger were welcome 

^Em' Flora had a poise of ease, freedom and contentment 
that few possess to such a high degree. Under every con- 
dition of life, he was calm, serene, hopeful and thankful. 
All this I attribute to the fact that his life was hedged 
about by his favorite text: "If therefore the Son shall 
make you free, ye shall be free indeed." 

Eld Flora loved his church, his home, his people, and all 
his associates. He was a liberal giver to missions and every 
charitable cause. He was a good farmer, a good father, a 
good neighbor, and was known as a good man. He leaves 
his wife, his children, his grand- and his great-grandchildren 
to mourn his loss. Bro. Flora's life was one almost without 
sickness or pain, except the last twelve months during 
which time he was a great sufferer from cancer of the 
bowels He bore his affliction with much patience and 
praised his God for having been so good to him all through 
life and for having stayed the hand of afflict.on to a few 
short months when the responsibilities to his and 
his church were least expected. 

The funeral services were conducted by Elders J. W. 
Barnhart and J. B. Peters. The largest crowd ever as- 
sembled at the Brick church on a funeral occasion was an 
evidence of the esteem in which he was held. The good 
man is gone, but his life still lives in the memory of those 
who knew him. Geo. A. Barnhart. 

Wirtz, Va. 


c T.^-mialn and Susanna Franti won. w™ 
Susanna Wolf. daughter of Jercrni J ^ ° Qct M la35 , and 

1844 .he with her parent, moved to 
Champaign Coun.y, Ohio, where .he 
grew to young womanhood. At the 
"go of thirteen .he was left mother- 
l.„ and in 1SS7 the father also 
died'. Early in life , he united with 
the Church of the Brethren 
which she was faithful. 

She lived three years in Indiana, 
coming lo Iowa in 1866. where 
July 19 oi the same year s 
married Isaac Brown. To this 
union were born eight children, 
lour of whom, together with her 
husband, preceded her. 

In 1873 she and her husband were 

called 10 the deacon's office in 

which they served faithfully, dome 

toward building up the 

° She 'was the 6ftb child 
iamily of twelve children, all of 
whom preceded her, the b.t being her brother, Eld. Abraham Wolf, 

twenty grandchildren (among whom are two ■»■»""■. W. L. Ugden 
°", d W ',f'se°vt"\"rVci'd^crby g S: g rF C 'she',"-at the South 
Keokuk church where she bad worshiped lor sixty years. Interme 
m the Brethren cemetery near the church. ^ ^ ^^ 

Ollie. Iowa. —•— 


Pri.rilla Eli.ahetb Garber was born May 1. 1858. She married Chas. 

L Shurnak! Sep, 4. 1890; her preceded her Aug. 9, 1919. She 

££"£, ciuldrc, eleven ^J^J^^LJZ 

of the Trevilian Brethren church. 

The foregoing is the brief state- 
ment of a life that will tell for 
eternity. Sister Shumake served as 
matron at Bridgewater College back 
in the eighties. She was the first 
member of the Brethren to locate 
in Louisa County. She ordered 
Sunday-school literature and con- 
ducted Sunday-school in her own 
home. Her father, Abraham D. 
Garber, was the first Brethren 
minister to preach in Louisa 
County, and her husband was the 
first one to be baptized into the 
Brethren Church in that county. 
She was indeed a pioneer in home 
mission work. 

She was the personification of 

grace modesty, piety, devotion, 

constancy, simplicity, neatness and 

motherliness. It has been sa.d by 

»h , ft,.. Trevilian Brethren churchhousc should have been 

E2d % sciha il'tead " Tainan. It .0 doubt would have been 

j «. .. („, ,„>r litrinir oresence and modesty, 
so named but for her living P"«°™ ',.__,_,_ w i t hout a conscious- 


up to call her blessed j 
Nokesville, Va. 

long women. 

I. N. H. Beahm. 


lha. the fifty cent, required for the publication, of a 
nb.cripK for &^.1.%SS$Z ^"..".nouid 
be made when the notice i, sent, and full address given. 


Dom-Rumm.l.-By the undersigned at hi. residence. Nov 21, 19B, 
Bro. Henry Dom, Jr., and Sister Rosa Rummel, both ol, 
p a e M Detwiler. Everett, Pa. the home of their pastor, Dec. 22 1928 Wayne 
I.btTd a,id Miss Bertie Gab., both oi Kansas City, Mo.-Irvm V. 
Enos. Kansas City, Mo. 

McChu-e-R.hrlnaB.-By the undersigned at ,h ' ^"°"'« "L^™ 
Church of the Brethren, Oct. 10, 1928, Bro. Lynn McClurc and bister 
Lomse Rohrkasz, ho.h ol Cerro Gordo.-O. O. Stutsman, Cerro Gordo. 

"woy-Bl.hop.-By th. undersigned at his residence, Dec. 25 1928. Mr. 
Arthur E. Woy and Sister Mary Grace Bi.hop. boll, of Everett, ra, 
E. M. Detwiler, Everett, Pa. 



int daughter of S. Bcntoi. _ 

md died Dec. 12, 1928.-Almcda Alder- 

Alderman, Wanda Jewel, inf; 
Pratt Alderman, born Dec. 9, ; 
man, Floyd, Va. 

Bowman Sterling Eugene, .on of Michael and Edna Bowman, died 
NovT^W Taged * years. 10 month, and 26 days. Funeral services 
in "he Brethren church by Bro. F. S. Carper. Interment ,n the Gravel 
Hill cemetery.-Sarah G. Shelly, Palmyra, Pa, 

Bowser, Mr.. Mary, wile ol Samuel Bowser, died at her home near 
Cicero Kd Nov. 26, 1928, aged 52 years. The and lour chil- 
Sea survive Funeral aerviee. by Eld. I. B. Wike in the Arcadia 
Church oi the Brethren and interment in the cemetery adjoining the 
church.— Sarah Kinder, Arcadia, Ind. 

Dailey, Harriet Jane, daughter oi Brother and Sister Eli Miller was 
born in Miami Count,, Ohio, Oci. 10. 1848, and departed this life at 
her home in Nead, Ind., Nov. 8, 1928. She was united in »«"»«c « 
Joseph Dailcy, and lo this union one .on wa, born, who preceded ^her 
ieveral years ago She is survived by her, a foster daughter, 
and vo 1 granddaughters. She wa. a faithful member of the Pipe 
Creek Church ol the Brethren fo, many years. Funeral service, were 
held Irom .hi, church with Bro. T A. Shively in charge. Burial to 
the cemetery near by.-Martha O., Peru. Ind. 

Dennia, Bro. Alfred Dale, son ol Alfred and Sister France. Denni., 
born in iemoyne, Ohio, died Dee. 23, 1928. aged 19 year, and 3 month.. 
He wa, afflicted for a period of two year, with le. ':age of the heart. 
He was banti.ed and ioined the Church of the Brethren and proved 
laithful until 1 death. Funeral .ervice. at the Black Swamp church by 
Bro. Geo. Garner.-A.enath Baker, Lemoync, Ohio. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1929 


«, b=lpl»l ™™ b "i.,v Sh"£vc husband, three daughter, and 
"„ ol ihe Aid Society. Mc '«»«■ d p s Caro „. Bunal at 

e" son. ?»''"' *'4.°'i'G SIX, Palmyra. Pa. 

Hanovcrdalc «""""■. S "" T „„„ille. Feb. 28. 1894. died Dee. 

Humbert. Wm - K i nzie - bor " ,.,„,, 70 davs By bis death Roanoke 

n H S.<ed 34 years. 9 month and 29 days. r , „, u , bl « 

to. tot o»e ol her "">»;»»« »^ B r . Te bad already won distinction 
c „»en and hi. church a strong pu£ ^^ by , he ,„„,„!. 

" local educational circles and «»■ „„ hi8h , CB ool. During 

„,„, ,o .boJ".«rt h, L s a member o. .tta f^W^*-^ J*£ 

■ii pi 

to tbo ■" i " i "t c "w»° a member °r the laeolty- o. Jc« 
fit. past to"' J«"» te . ™ a *_ a . ™ ™,Hi. schools ol Botetourt 

School cirwa's educated in the P»b'ic ».l- ' "^"^TeV fSo5«-I 
5S>. Co» S ^ruon'l"!'." ul, and semiiiar, he was 

Sdclity to duty »»*»" ■" ™3T and", o the community which he 

- --"^o^Sd'fdal-s— S; 
a-.'Srs sis \* a— -^Xm^r: 

So •»»» by h "tc P ,y-M.ry ZigVe'r. Churchvillc. Va. 

p« s byt.n«n «?»»•? "* ' „„ Columbus, Ohio, died at her 

Kring, "oinda Babcock born ne ^ ^^ 

v im „ in Empire, Cab'-. " ea -°> ' ■' re boro twelve children, Her 

Spring Jan- ft »* £ £% "S ^ cSren died. In 1 
husband pre" ded h« five yea ^^ ]n im ,, uni , 
tUe moved from Missouri' o »-- i to thc en 

Ch-ch oi the Bret ,en -d rem amed^ ^ ; R wine 

in the Empl " „"p ea ri Wirth. Empir 
Modesto cemetery.— re. 

served \ _ 

signed, assis 
Riser, Mr: 

also died. In 1917 

ith the 


id**J. *R. Wine. Burial 


Pink wife of Bro. David Long, daughter 

t H d?ed! Dec. ... WJ. >£ «JbS l",e. with .even cbddr.n. 
children preceded her. _n ,„ d ,-Mdren and on 


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inTnSron. County. ?»■; ^'J, ,**»,, 9 month, and 9 day, 
d ,y. dne to pneumonia. .1 ^be » U •• J anointing. She was a 

Three days before her tathjta-B* ^^ „. £ve ,,„ .. 

consistent member of the church ,o ^ ^.^ _. JOI 

Her husband, one daughter f.tb. ^. one ^ pastor, the writer. 

f„7em?.."."tn= oburch cemSery adjoining.-]. Lloyd Nedrow. W. 

Kittanning, Pa. . „ „ 192t , aged 79 year.. 

Mcr^mnn, E .i»be." Longaneck er d ted^N ^ ^ Simon Peter and 

6 month, and 18 day.. She waa her bu!ba „d. J. r. 

Sarah Eberhart Longaneckcr. S * . s hMr „ a „ d „„» great- 

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,„„d y child. also two brother, and f our . t ^^ ^ „„„ bc 

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: „ „. the Brethren. She :J«£ note' homemakm^ 

,0 ^„, Sister R- Virginia, "«£j5tfJSXttL* 
Dee. 13. 1928. aged about 6S yea .. She ^ bc 

lohn C. Miller. She is surviven .J Brethren by D. C. 

F°„„eral service a. ■bcBr.dgewa ter Church^.b^ ^ ^^ Criek 
Naff and her pastor. M. M- «iy crs 
cem.tery.-Ida Fry. Bridgewoter. Va_ ohi0] 

Piece, Bro. Absalom born : Oo. 7 1SS near Sp^ 8 
where be grew to manhood j he died al ^B s Ncw pariSp ,„ d Feb . 

Dee. 16. 1928. He married Mary An, "»« hc „ he u „ it ed with the 
28, 187S. and they later ™°« d " °S™cnikl«„, nv 
church. To this union were born eleven c 
in early childhood and another in 1908. and r... 
marrieJ Feb. .9. .920 to ^"'il*!,. th 

Su^r ! 'HreS."ed , r , . , ..= B .noi» 

..'348 ' 

i th« 

nis church by the paste 
Brethren cemetery near by. 

whom died 

i 1916. He was 

fives with four 

_ee grcat-Brand- 

."7ew days "before bis death 

W R. Argabright. 
rs. Chas. O. Pole, 

Interment ... 

Cushing, Okla. 4J , mmU bs and 

Pletchor, Bro. Jesse, died Sept 17, 19* g chi]dr „, [a ther. lour 

a days. He is survived by his w ™' „ aut<)mob ile wreck Sept. 1 
brothers and four si.ters. Be ■ wo. Community Ho.pital at 

and was seriously hurt. He was toaen to Funeral .ervice. 

ITS"^ In'lh^udle'cJeetehurcb. Burial in the Middle Creek 
u)f im. v.i..v , , w Wegley, Somerset, ra. 

"RiTsaZa Mae,' daughter .1 T^odore "iK.-f-.hfch.'cn 
born Jan. 24, 1906, at Rocky Ford Colo S he n nit ^^ conjisl „, 
of the Brethren at the age of eleven yea . y . sc hool worker, 

life, and had long been a devoted church and h 7.^ Qn Dec s 

She wa, to be married ,n March to « L ™' on| „ d dicd Dee. 15. 

pital. the funeral services 

Cripe, Chico, Calil. . g d S ; ater 

Roger., Sister Eli.abeth only d« « =™ii„ B ™n W . Va.. died 

Sarah Lcatherman, born Sept. 16. 1851, ^ near ou a d„,M.r. 

Sept. 6. 1928, at the , home ol her .on^.n law ^^ „ 

Brother and Sister Edgar D. Combs in Aug ^^ 

years. 11 month, and 20 day.. In the J""'" 1 , , w „,,. t „ ,„r. she 
two .on., one of whom survive^ At i-., congrega- 

united with the Church of the Brethren '" '5? B , Hangioe Roc k. 
lion. Feb. 10. 1869, she married Bra La Ivm .cog daughters. 

W. Va., and to this union were born seven so 1?27 

,11 of whom survive with thirty ,^?° dc „V' J ™'|y sf. from which she 
Sister Roger, suffered a light stroke of taralyst. tm 

never fully recovered ■«» ^™«,^ '£,'!£ :.ervic«. She bore 
weeks durine which time she receivvu mc rcsiKned and 

he, sickness calmly and without "»'»»""«• * e ' D ' c °"ed he" Feb. 20. 

Sha^bl^nd" &^rir^'S^'rt2 eerLter, 
near by.-F. D. Anthony, Baltimore, Md. _ 

Wolgmnuth. Isaac B, born in Lancaster I ConotJ, ft., Jan. 26. lb , 
died at hi, home in Dallas Center. Iowa. Dee. 18. 1» , . a«e » '""^ 
10 month, and 22 da,.. On Oct. 13, .878 he wa. »?''? "ll »r»i«e 
Boemer, to them were horn one .on and lour daughter , .11 n.v,.« 
him except thc ,on who passed away m 19W. »= "' „ 

church in early life and wa. elected to the deacon . <£-J»» "^ 
which office he filled very acceptably. He h.ed a """"^ ™ 
.i.teot life, devoted to hi. family and the church of h,s ch o,ee He 
wa, confined to hi, bed almo.t two years by . P'™"™™ ?"S 
Irom which he suffered much, ,e, bore ,t with .Christian forl.ttde 
Funeral services conducted by the writer, assisted b. Brethren 
Eikenberr, and B. Rowe, Dallas Center. Iowa. 

Zimmernmn, Elirabcth Evans, born Feb. 14, 188S, djd Dec 14 1928 
aged 43 year, and 10 months. She I. survived by her mother _and . 
■ brother 'she wa, a member of .he Brethren C 1»* -J^" 
Where funeral services were held by Uro. n- a. ,uu ■ r , 

Bro, W. D. Fisher. Burial in the Lancaster cemetery .-Mra. C l,- 
Martin, Lancaster, Pa, 




H.VP <II>«BM 1 

These Absentee Cards will help you get the absentee back and 
hold him. Try these c*rds and you'll be convinced. Order by number. 






* R **"■ . .. ,,. i „f th. Brethren 

„| ,h. Church of th. Brethrm 

d nice Sunday 

(Continued From Page ... 

:b ooi room., sub a*? *■»"■ » h » d,td 

,. r will and the rest 

Bro. Jot" J°»»'?V"we have had =™ !id " 3 " "'.""'n'rolT 
„fS r . r , and teachers. > ve D,ivc „Lf..iv Our church roll 

aU cnda.S ... ..'«»• h« "7'^ vftaS the h,t«r P. 

has 215 ....... OU, spring ' = ( V 'S o rc,..k .. «™^ti 

Anril with Bro. Jos. Llappcr 01 » w 

conducted o.r meeting I"' *P"°e- M "- ""• 

**•■ J "' '■ ■ A , sniritual and helplul ..ri.. oi meeting" 

eight years. 

rt of 
; also 
"Roaring Spring, 



■ d audience. The 
Iro. Henry officiated, 
ing the meetings the 
made approximately 
ng received into the 
absence in several 

pastor, Bro. E. M. ueiwut . bcin 

l\,enty-one "«'« d V^mmun t, leadership lrai.ini school will b« 
other denomination.. * com ™"°„ ' n-twiler as dean, assisted by 'two 
conducted early .hi. Minn, with ?'»■ D ™ , , B . Y . P. D. 

01 the p...."- Th'«. """","„„ ol ... Church School lor the year 
was orga.ired. The '"'«*""""™,^' , B ro. L. Chesler England a> Oct 1 fS" i, EVBCtt, P.- Dee. 31. 
general supenntendent.-Nancy us J. h time 

^eravilto-W. >"'? Tth^'inrcn Tor. reorganised and office,, 
the different department. 01 the .°»"° Sbo walt.r was elected pre- 
cho«e. (or the coming J."- »"• &,„„„. jdl ool .npointcndcnt Tb. 
.iding elder and Sister v » ™ ^ „ g ood and the iaithlul efforts of 

82 Diehl. Duncansvillc Pa.. Dec. .* ^ „„., 

Lower Cumbextand.-A. a s °"' al ™ U "'„ d pleasant View houses. 
„ |,„ members live near the Bake, * f ch „ cb No 

i, ..* b. «... '. .'.•= ' t n b "„ M denomination. W« now have 
service, are he d .ear th.. pom ^ W ' iM a „ d evemng and at 

services at Boiling Springs every J™"" • the congregation 

Mohlers every Sunday morning. We leel ma. . cfft , r „ 

"tlS more good can ^^"'otho' H LSge,' aitd Senry Miller 
on only two churches. . B " tb "" Beni. Eber.olc o( Hershey. Pa, 
„„c charge ol 4= ""^'„,e,Lg. in Boiling Springs in November 

KrinVrhi,""r.e r»<S^*T*%>^™" *"" ° f 
quartet ol Messiah Bible School. Oran »«"• rf Christm.. 

?•„,.. also .he male .»°™ s _ p B ,°* ^nVmer. Carlisle. Pa, Dec. 31. 
by giving short programs, rear Sunday-school officers 

Mingo church me. in .»»»<£ ■*?• sVri.l.nd.nt (or Mingo, Bro. 
,„, the lollowmg yea' «." ''Albert Gomhalk. We decided to 
Ralph Jones; lor Sk™.ck, Bro. A»B b _ ^ mm i Saturday 
hold our harvest meeting at "J. onMW Saturday in September; 

in August and at the Mingo bouse the ..cone lea . >( ^ 

',be love teas, a, the «i* - * SbB Br.' Henry King ol 
Skippack house the third Saturday in" , 6 preach . 

Myerstown condnct. d a «n.: o in, = - £ ^ „,„„ one stood (or 
ing in aU seventeen Spirit m'.. spiritually benefited by these 

Chris, and we (eel *"'^"l. P.-. D«. 31. 
effo,.,-Car.,< K. «»«»»• C °'»" , B „ th „„ S . H . Her.rler and 
Palmyra church met in council v ■ k Qur e ]d e r, who has 

,. W. Taylor assi.ted »"• J;^ °S "itblnll, and well, handed 
«,ved «-;*i l ;r«s( Bro. F. S. Carper preying 
in his resignation at tms "'" M-cnr-mrer " ascnt, Bro- Herman 

elder lor .he nex. .hree '»»>";""£•/ Volnnt..r Band with us 
Weng.r. We have Ihe promise olhavrng the vo ^^^ 

Iron, Elieabethtown College in the near mture.-a. 
Palmyra, Pa., Dec. 26. Sunday-.chool superin- 

Phibvielphi. (Firstl.-Bro. '"^. .S^ ' hnrch. Nov. 13 
indent, ha. taken the pastoral, ol th. Sb,pi en.MOJ c clm 

we gave Bro.her and Sister R.bB .^... «dl ""'.'J,,, , lo9U , h e„ 
they were presented with a pur... . w« J hrfd mcmoral 

u they have been active in the .»."»• " • . h „ rew „ d Nov. 
services lor Sister Eydia ^''""f'^Sf, r« chorister o( our 
20 a. NeffsviUe (Brethren Home . S he ^ «» tb . ^ &m „ l0 

^"h ,"p H^t; and Sisfe, Hannah Funk. The, spoke about the 

°° S ™ d *- U „',,."" d , .S..nd JpccUl P»," «« .«.'.? '<" "■""'"] 
Sr»".ion.ri.. on the (o"^" ^ M *' ^g \° Vct.rAiVdS! 
Sunday-school girl. *". bapt.ied.-M... wm. 

o. . he lhem..Een.embe,the Sabbath Day to P Dtc ]S ^^ o( 
ing wa, app.eciated. On _ cbo '™ ™' ,'"„ „ ou „d the church. A 
our brethren recently P"""*. ™J, „" ni „,. Many participated in 
program wa. rendered on Chr, «m» «« * w A Fo „ „ d B ,„. 

^t S"'*gavrr.".r..s.-Carrie Dobner. Pine Grove, 

coming year were «!««."■ 0«rThank,p... ^ ^ ^^ 

Ihe Kemper hou.e. We «... : B1M to ■' h belle6t 

Kilheloe. ol Ephra.a- An off nng oM« «J. «^ ._ ^ ^ y . 
ol the Lanca.ter General »o»pital. o somc bdng ,„„, „ 

they meet once a month. Garmen s Sunday- 

poor (amili.s; llo»er. are given to the sick ■ "«. h 

School had a Christmas p.ogr.n, B '°. ^"™ X", B1 « B .H. Pa., 
congregation gave a d,.cour.e.-Mr.. Abram stauner, 

D SpriS»iu..-W. held our to» <»« Oct » gJ^^SIS.S! 

„mi,.ering b.e.hren were pre,.... Eld. J. R Long 
Our Children'. Day wa, held Oc, 23. A p rog '|m « » nks 

lb , children and ^''^"•'i'^Zlu^S^ P"»" d '» "j 
S,r 8 9°.°.™ ..da "slries'ol meeting. w«h / U . » h f „ ,^' ' ^ 

sa-s sipfn,; ^o'S^ sri- i ta srs*. 

Pa., Dec ». 

N 3 Visiting minis- 
Wel.h Run church held their love I..* »» ^° ; rf ; „. E . Stouffer. 
tcrs present we.e Albert Niswander who o » ^ ^ |ie „ 

Paul Miller, Edgar Landis and t" „„, „ d B .o. Albert 

annual Sund.y.chool Bro. S»m"£ „ w „ e «,, much 

Niswander gave splendid lalks to %. C ™J°/S,ing Day by the bo,n. 
appSted We h.d •«~ ,",,'' £ '-•» «»* "?„' 
brethren. An o«B.n. ol 5« -3' »« ^ Wcl , h Ru „ house by tbo 
Chri..m.s ...v.... .'""^Verccrsburg, Pa., Dec. 28. 
home bre.h,e..-0.ho D. Mar . ^^ of 

W..tmont-W. had a very .pintua k>« '« ime . 0ut elder. Bro. 
November, the largest ». have had ^ ^ M , d ,,ome 

SkS-rSlX- o. d .hu b h-o| er. resul,d m ^-JJ. ^,C; 

?SS"f%y" K'VlS^ 1 ^.k b mok, i, «"pSS 

„. Our church and Sunoay-scnooi „n r <.llment which has 

W n had a"co„','e.t (or increasing Sun, .,-..h»l """"^ ,„„,« 
resulted ir, uniting whole lam.l. :. ■■■ '"'.,„, „ hLch was enjoyed by 
,ron, Walnut Grove .h"'= b "^„ V h ,s been a month ol 

a^aia ^Srsars r"ur ,b ,eacS 

f""" r«.«*?» re-eriv" .'hem. S.nd.,-.*- P»|^ 

(orce. »>««» a ,„ tbc morning a. can lata " « ^ ' 

;ro 1 der1Skra"nd D n.he.v.mnghy,h. i ,u^^ 

Alter Ihe program .he pa jto mad. . o , our „ w churc h 

Hand Cl.s, P'.» n, '"»,* I I ™ hn °r«n Pa, Dec. 31. 

ptot-Wm. H. Rummel., ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ tb. '»« fi 'Jf' of ™ J„ I,, take up the pastorate 
pastor .inee Bro. Horst left the nrs. j ^ hool 0l „„da,.ce ha. 

„ Lewistown, Pj, °"' ■*»?„ A G Fau.t filled .he pulp., very 
kept up remarkably welb B ", s ^ d „., c „ „, rally day Sep.. 23 and 
ably during this time. W. had Sunday * Su|i<Jay . Icboo i yrar began 
Promotion |e pt 30 ",,„,. u, «"•«»■« »« 
Oct. 1 with Bro P. S. WJ" "■ * M j. Weaver, officiatmg. Ihe 
held Oct. 11 with our elder Bro »■ J ,„, counc ,l : 

(ollowing church offices or th. Ijar «.« . irajleej| p ,. w v „. 
Elder. M. J. W.a.e; ,1 clerk. »_ Publisl ,i ng Hou.e uat, D- F. 

L. C. Pen.nd and W- R. " 7 "= s ,„ner; corresponding sec.elary, 
Shaffer; " Messenger " »«»'■ P "' 10 T' Br V A. C. Miller, io.merly rf 
Mrs. Herman Fi.her. Our new pn» . ol Novcmber On 

Roaring Spring, P'-, ™? v , rf , ''"„„„„ which con.i.t.d of .«»«»■. 
Dec 23 we held our Christmas program wi c ,, iWre „ and young 

Sings, exercise, and f"™"-" SS^.I^lJo «a, lilted to g. 
people oi .be Sund.j~.choo An off. q g oor , nd|a mi „, , 

toward, the support of Sister An Bro ^^ haj preached. 

^be, y^'i 7 -"™-. *~ "•^s&rtJ-.r^ .- a °o 

ning a revival to beg.n a. early as conm o v ut „ 

^,^m L u"r.S" 2 .ur"at"r ^ ^ ""■*'^~ ^ 
L Blough. Windber, Pa, Dec. 31. 



1929 YEARBOOK, the official publication ol the 
General Church Board., keep, you informed on the 
aciivitie. and progress of th. church. 9D PMC IK. 
GOSPEL MESSENGER. Have you renewed your 
subscription? If no,, do it now. On. »holo ye" 
{or only $2.00. 

Elgin. >■■• 



Noco»a.-Beginnlng Dee. 25 out PJjttr to • ach g ^ Ag ^ 

part week brought us a message on he s«bJ«J ^ , 

"arranged a, Mows: w ha. .. m ans £ tb. « worU „ d tb ^atemufl 
the unbelieving world (or the king ^» oms d d and m uch interesl ,. 
,ge. The service. J"' W. have P ray.r each 
maniiested in these stud,. .. W. h . v. P >^ ^ y o( ^ ,„ gh spo „ 
and heginmng neit week «« «■" Tb atK „dance at our service, 

in the live, ol .he '*''" *'° s ' 1 " cc0 „" „, the flu epidemic Many 
has been cut down somewhat on ace 

, been no 

,as been cut .»„ -rv^- , be p «,ent th, 

o( our members are sick but up to ,ne y 
deatb.-M,.. Abe Molsbee. Nocona, To.. Dec. 

Cnpper HlU.-Our las, council -«^ J- »» ," r f rSS«l, 

S.. D wSm S er a i.".K "SS. £•-' ■—ST^'E'i.SSL 

Wimmer, Copper Hill, Va, Dec. 31. 

E , k Run church me, in councfl Dec. ». A. a ^^^S&H 
committee wa. aPPO.nt.d to «*^ ° was „„ p ,ed and given 

persons lor the different offices. Iheir rep ^ tondi d 

a, lollow.i the '■Messenger ag.«>' " " "V. co „„po„dent, Mary 
the Aid Society; church secretary D. B. a ; po i„, e d. The Christ- 

»'■»: t.V gten by he Sr^y-sehoof on Sunday morning, 
S" S»S"y ligl.rcbui'chville, Va, Dec 31. 

R. E. Bussa.d gave u i a J"J A H M1U „ ol Bndgewal.r 

(or home miss.ons was $23.00 "^ D[( . „ cblucb and Sunday- 
preached (or us. we me, ,„iinwinc year: Superintendents, 

DcC ' ^^ c . o ,h T W Hess began a series of meeting. 

Wayncsboro.-Sep,. 9 Eld. J . W . B.S ^ " and ■„,„„, wc „ 

which continued lor two weeks, ine : at, immediate 
good tluoughout. Bro. Hess spok . w. h PJ wer ^^ ^ ^^.^ 

,e,ult thiriy-n.n. Chnst I .no en, rf b Bro H e.s 

We leel that th e work he «£**<S,Z be ha. held for us. At th. 

being hc,t. Th,. is ihe third met, a. B „ended. C. R. 

L?e^r,ai , nm. b T°« W hi;h"wa*.".nior"d ^ a^l.-Gurni. Wampler, 
Waynesbo.o, Va, Dec. 31. 


B „„k.ide (W. Va.,.-0» Nov 2, our S.nday-.eho.l ^ gave a .,«.« 

«'« T »SU C ' ,:d"no","a"'o,°.'he a plo' ,"e k couid" B b. S .ea.ed. Ou, 
bad a good attendance ■■"« jd - now (.vef.eemg 

2-SClr "las^i. ^*u r ** t r£ 
2JS3SE. B°i«i.g:;: 5S5S. mo,'dcc. k 

j r, * „„■ here Dec 15 on my visit to the churches. 

Hamroond--On arriving here Dec. is on , fa y - 

S.S out, the meeting do jed Dec 23. ™-«^«: 
i, «"!;°»'«' o l"P^" h 7;/\ 7 B B ;. D Z. W A,,non'.nd the writer were 

L. Sanders, a minister who ha. , been ,n ^ on , p „mised 

,0^.2, ,'o P ( r.. W ,™ih.!"-wt afs. S "o|i.ed them another me., 

Lg.oon.-X. C. Anvil, District Field Man. Thornton, W. Va, Dee. 31. 

.. _«_ *. __ M.„ 11 was a day lonz anticipated by members of 

n ,";ti:"mS.T b ."N B ov b n"f churchhouse was dedicalcL Bro P JL 

were aided to ,1 church by baptism. We feel that the entire . on- 
grega ion has been spiri.ually henefi.ed by th... "JW.-W.lg 
■ , kit Rro McCoy has accomplished in MariiiisburE- An 
LS., Cbriatm. . p".gr?m b wa, ,„d,r.d Dec. 26.-Lucy D. Miller, 
Martinsburg. W. Va, Dee- 31. 


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Wholesome City Environment 

Christian Campus Influences 

Adequate Laboratory and Class Room 


Registration for Second Semester 
January 28, 1929 

Special Curricular Provision for Students 
Entering Second Semester 

Ministers' and Church Workers' 

Regional Conference 

February 5, 6, 7, 8 

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V. F. Schwalm, President, 

McPheraon, Kana. 

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The GospelMessenger 

-*-- ===== ====== =========== -Till we .11 .ttein UM» . . • B" ■"«»« •• 

„Thl. Gospel o( the Kingdom .hall be preached 
^, he whole world."-Matt. »: »■ 

Vol. 78 

THY KINGDOM COME" — m .k. si-, io; Luke «■ 2 
Elgin, 111., January 19, 1929 

No. 3 

In This Number 

Editorial— 33 

Principles and Persons 33 

Reckoning With the Adversary 3J 

Yes, Why Did Wc? ..-•■ 33 

The Str- ? :t C Falling House ^ 

Among the Churches ■■■ 41 

Around the World - 41 

The Quiet Hour (R- H. M.> 

General Forum— 34 

S ji^S'y ™Vori. a. C.-rh.da. By Charles D. 

Son^Br.tL r f .hf.nta,.-N;. 14. ByJ.H.M»o« » 

OWien. Unto Death. By Lcand.r Sm,.!.. ..^^ • • ■ •■••••■■; ■» 

The New Church (Poem), A'"U"i.VVj " " 36 

'-wrt'Tte- *«? &&-" 1 :::::::::::::::::;:::S 

Vicarious Suffcrmc. By Homer C.asKey 

God's Patience. My Maty Polk E..eob«r 8 er ........ --• 

The Making: of « Great Race (J. E. MO 

Homo and Family- Rittenhouse M 

"Never Too Poor to rray, 
T. Richardson Gray, 

Principles and Persons 

When once it is clearly seen that the glory of God 
and the good of man are two names for the same thing 
the progress of the kingdom will take on a new meas- 
ure of speed. And so will " the enlargement of loyal- 

"If somebody should turn back to the first chapter 
of Genesis and discover that man was made in the 
image of God and given the task of subduing the earth, 
that would help some. If then, having noticed that the 
fish of the sea, the birds of "the heavens and all other 
living things were made for man, he should by some 
chance go on through the pages far enough to learn 
that the sabbath also was made for him. that should 
help much more. 

But it would not, if he settled down on the phrase 
and stuck right there. If he could see nothing but 
the black ink of which the words were made, the cause 
would gain little. But if— is it too much to hope? Is it 
too bold a venture of faith?— i£ the words should be to 
htm " the sign of an idea" and the idea should lodge 
in his mind and root down and spring up and bring 
forth fruit! For the fruit thereof is good. 

Not the fish and the birds and the beasts and the 
worms only, nor the sabbath, the church, the state, 
the home only, but all things were made for man. 
Without his good in view was not anything made that 
hath been made. All institutions and constitutions, all 
laws and governments, all ordinances and instruments, 
all principles and ideals, all were made for man. 

The number increases, thank heaven, of those who 
see that the claim made in the last sentence is true of 
nearly all the items named. But few there be who are 
ready to acknowledge that such abstract and intangible 
things as principles should also be assigned to the serv- 
ice of mankind. They surely are independent of hu- 
man attitudes, eternal and self-existent. Rules and 
ritual, ceremonies and committees, and all such, it may 
be conceded, are ministers to human need, but not 
principles! Are they not older than the human race 
itself ? 

No doubt, but what of that? So are the stars and 
fishes. It is perhaps not strictly accurate to speak of 
principles and ideals as made for men, as if they were 
an afterthought, a late invention, an expedient found 
necessary after vainly trying to get on without them. 
The point is, and the present contention is. that their 
sacredness and value consist in their capacity to serve 
us, That's what they are for. That's why they are 
at all. 

They do differ from rules, methods, policies, pro- 
grams, bylaws, boards, conferences, secretaries and a 
few hundred other like appurtenances in this: all 
these last are variable, subject to constant readjust- 
ment, while they are the same yesterday, today and 
forever But even so, their whole excuse for being is 
that men need them to live by. They have no other 
right to clutter up the ground. 

And how much greater is the marvel of it all. that 
even these eternal relationships between this fact and 
that-what else are principles ?-these emanations of 
Infinite Intelligence and Love, are thus brought into 
captivity to human happiness! What indeed is man 
that God should be so mindful of him, as to make a uni- 
verse like this, all just for him! What is he, did you 
say? Why, he is a person. That explains it. 

A person, you may recall, is an entity with capacity 
to enjoy to see, to do, to be. and so to enjoy. The 
more clearly he sees, the more wisely he does, the more 
nobly he is, the more deeply he can enjoy. Such an 
entity, such a being, is man. " But little lower than 
God," a great psalm says. 

Not in wisdom, not in the measure of his capacity, 
is he only a little lower. Here the gap is infinitely 
wide But in the kind of entity he is, in the dignity of 
his position in the universe, he is " a little lower." He 
is spirit. So is God. He alone of all created things 
is capable of fellowship with God. 

When he has that fellowship, he is saved. His ca- 
pacity to enjoy is. enriched to the uttermost. When 
he has not that fellowship his capacity to enjoy is 
weakened; degraded, destroyed. He is lost. To attain 
this fellowship and then to maintain it is therefore 
his supreme life business. To persuade him to do this 
and to enable him to do this is what everything was 
made for, the world and all that is therein, the trees of 
the forest, the cattle of the plains, the laws of the 
state the institutions of the church and the principles 
which lie back of all these and find nourishment in 

them. , . , 

All but the last may change in order that the last 
may serve us better. But these last, these principles, 
these fundamental links between cause and conse- 
quence, will not serve us unless we use them. Which 
means, boiled down to utmost practicality, unless we 
love God and our neighbor, the first with the whole 
heart and the second as ourselves. 

Principles are meant to bless persons, not to curse 
them They'll surely do one or the other, the first it 
you take them to your heart, the second if you treat 
them with contempt. 

Persons are the supreme value of the universe. But 
they are very perishable. Principles are the supreme 
safeguard. But one must use them. 

Into what strange bypaths these meditations have 
already lured us! We were speaking a little while ago 
of the enlargement of our loyalties. And of whether 
one could do this who knew only Jesus Christ and 
him crucified. At least we were about to speak of 
that. We'd better hurry back to the main road. 

ioned virtues justify themselves or take their place with 
other discredited superstitions. However unreasonable 
this attitude may seem to us the challenge of it must 
be met. . 

A third kind of hostility is that which theoretically 
accepts all the claims of Christianity and practically 
denies them by refusing to live in accordance with 
them. This is the most damaging of all and the most 
difficult to deal with. You can not argue with a man 
who agrees with everything you say. But when he 
gives the lie to it by denying it in practice, you are up 
against a tough proposition. One good thing you can 
do though, is to make sure that you are not that man. 

Reckoning With the Adversary 

One type of opposition to Christianity questions its 
truth It denies the authenticity of its documents and 
the historical character of its events. It demands 
proof that the persons who figure in its founding ac- 
tually lived and did the things accredited to them. It 
is a legitimate kind of criticism and is entitled to re- 
spectful notice. ,«.•■:•., 

Another variety questions the worth of Christianity. 
It denies its moral authority, the validity of its re- 
straints, the correctness of its standards of conduct It 
asks why integrity and purity and unselfishness are bet- 
ter than libertinism and proposes that these old-fash- 

Yes, Why Did We? 

•' A man may be a notoriously sharp business man, 
a hard man, a man in whose home there is neither love 
between husband and wife nor between master and 
servants, but he may be an excellent churchman for all 
that His minister may have an uneasy suspicion that 
he is hypocritical, but he will denounce him from the 
pulpit only if he keeps a mistress or gets drunk in the 
street But the scribes and Pharisees did not keep 
mistresses or get drunk in the street. Yet the de- 
nunciation of them by Christ was shocking in its 
virulence. They prayed, they relieved the poor they 
kept the Ten Commandments, they set the church be- 
fore themselves and the state but he said to them : ' Ye 
serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape 
the damnation of hell?' " 

You may think this paragraph from a current maga- 
zine article is a little overdrawn, but you would better 
study it very carefully and set yourself to some very 
sober reflection before you decide that it is overdrawn. 
And whether you so decide or not, you can not afford 
to pass by the solemn and terrible truth to which it in- 
vites and ought to compel your attention. The church 
standards of our time do not put the emphasis where 
Tesus put it. To him the greatest sin was the sin ot 
unbrotherliness. It was on this that his righteous 
wrath was poured out in those burning words of con- 
demnation. Toward .the sins of the flesh which we 
have called the grossest and greatest and on which we 
have visited our severest penalties, he was sympa- 
thetically tender, easily forgiving. Look up the record 
and see. But the sins of the spirit, the hypocrisy and 
hardness of lovelessness-that was what he could not 

"what right had we to change this? Why have we 
reversed the . Christ order ? Why '. 

The Story of a Falling House 

Having a few minutes to wait the other day until 
it was time to go, we read a short story about a foolish 
man The man had built his house on the sand and 
when the floods came and the winds blew the house 
fell down. The point of the story was that this man 
was like one who hears the words of Jesus but does 

"It^et'Tto thinking. We wondered how many- 
there are who have heard Jesus' words and are not 
doing them. And why they are not doing them. We 
fear there are a good many such. We have been look- 
ing around a little and we really do fear that manj 
are not doing what Jesus said. 

For instance, he said men ought to love Cod with 
their whole heart. Our observation is that many are 
no. doing this. They love other things more than hey 
love him He also said that men should do to others 
as hey would wish others to do to them. We know 
quite a number of people who have heard tins and 
are not doing it. 

Why do people go on acting this waj ? Do they 
want their house to fall down? 





Night of the Desert 

She sleep, bo. *™« *£ to*" empire, mad 

When conquerors came with lust u 

To rob her of .he weal* s e " had ^ 

Unmoved she bides, wh.le they haw g 

Tr au,ui. benearh the stars -eb- 

And mirrors back their roystt v a ^ 

Earth's treasure-house of P*"™^ , m . 

Rirt " lha "re,r He 'rl vl'red ^s Ls cease. 
riX 'dr^'she murmurs: Here is peace. 


„f tU» Work at Garkida 
First Impressions or the wore 


thoug h sometimes dangerous e»rdB ^ 

who know least about a sub ect can ; 

interestingly thereon, m the hope ^™S o£ 

we assume all hazards and report these mp 

our work in Africa after «««£££ as Lt im- 

that we say, however, must be .consul ere 

pre ssions and somewhat ~^d » »^J '„,,,»« 

other missions in Africa and having , n a y 

with others who have generously shared 

ence and counsel. 


Before landing at Ugos we h, d t„ fiU°ut*e 

customary blanks for the pnv g -f *»* ^ 
Assistant Immigration Officer a kd 


omthe coasted several hundred miles east of Jo, 

We got this stimulating reply from him: Ot>J. 

. i" And thus we are finding it. But tins 


I! be n issi!n has accomplished and how Africa is 
^emng up, this little far-off village is not going to 
remain obscure very long. 

Nigeria is a British possession and ni .area i is more 
than three times the size of the United kingdom. Its 
"Jon in 1926 was 18,765,690 of «££%T% 
with a nonnative population (mostly Empem)"' 
Ibout 5 200. In physical features Nigeria is divided 
■ .„ f our sections (1) A belt of swamp and lowlands 
Tear b coawhidi varies of course, but averages 
about fifty miles in width. (2) A belt of dense tropical 
o el from fifty to one hundred miles wide where 
land is slightly higher and more undulating. (3) A 
To epencountry where tall grass takes the place of 
timber (4) A vast undulating plateau with hills of 
granite and sandstone, with a general ele- 
vation of about 2,000 feet, which leads off 
to the great desert on the north. Roughly 
speaking, Garkida lies somewhere along 
the border line between these last two nat- 
ural divisions and far to the east in North- 
ern Nigeria. 

Getting In 

After traveling by ship for sixteen days 
or more from a British port you arrive 

at Lagos, a city of more than 120,000 
population, and the capital of Nigeria. 
From here there is fairly satisfactory tram 
service three times per week by which you 
can reach Jos in forty-eight hours. This 
latter place is on a plateau which is more 
than 4,000 feet above sea level, in a district 
where a little less than ten per cent of the 
world's tin supply is mined. Here also the 
climate is much better for the average 
white man than at the coast. But Gamete 
lies 250 miles to the east, and about 3,000 
feet lower. On account of road conditions 
we took a northerly route covering a dis- 

tanceof Smiles. Most -££^,£M£ 
for . pioneer county £ p th last fij ^ ^ 
is almost too bad for any ca ^ ^ 

££3tf- -de a record trip in covering 
the distance in forty-eight hours. 

beforehand, rare oi ui= ^ 

pairs both expected and unex pected are ure 

needed. Moreover, there are sev ercl rive 

and this experience with a motor car n A 

° Ut ^^rrfin^^srf the effort. B», 

require, nor as to tn pas sengers, bag- 

brother S^ia, ^ «s fine service in- 

dee<1 - What We Find 

rv in« it some distance on their heads, m 

■ h, Soon the busy missionanes and other 
esting sight. Soon the * ; ion and we 

tion without seeing a white face ^cept ^ 

:sr::- - - - «■ 

"wttr^Sd to find the crowds of people 
w ^m theirs are «, k ac rr ch. 

g3 ta to SS. , 3SS booking men and 
win in the Bura tribe with whom they are working 
While they have only baptized about twenty-eight, ye 
Tr are more than 125 under definite instruction as 
ng those who have taken a vow of > faith £ oy- 
altv to Christ. These/with others, would gladly accept 
b ptism but experience proves that the most careful 
■struct on is imperative in the beginning if we would 
bund or a permanent church that is Christian in a. h 
and p actice But even many of these are already testi- 
ng heir faith and hope in Christ back in the, 
tllages, so that they become teachers as rapidly as they 
can be aught, themselves. We were pleased, too that 
Z bapt e'd members were being definitely taught in 
class twice each week. This is a matter too often neg- 
lected in the homeland. 

To attend the morning prayers at 6 : 00 o clock at the 

sch ool. and see this group of M^^ 
t see them sing under the £ t «h,p ^ ^ 

T\ t0 hfn. of liste S Sle, and Harper, glimpsing 
the teaching ot sisrcis -j ma ldne mats, etc., 

the ligh t, to - them weaving **£*£. is laying 
in the industrial shops where :o econom ic 

,he foundation for wha we rus wiU be and 

independence, to stand and ™ * ^ ^ 

Robertson perform a major op « ',0 on 
has been hopeless ° . h ^° J '^ ° n ge istic zeal put- 
WitH T f a r oT'chrit i o t atmosphere of all the 
ting the claims ° £ Chr iv<3 acting as treasurer, 

activities, to see the faithful* - fof 

teacher, nurse, friend, and e angelis and 

children, and multitudes of other ^ 
ma ny other things that awaited h r £ 
Beahms and Heckmans, *^ * ^ might 
back with us, are sufficient to make us 

accompanying Dr. KoDertson reported 

distant last Saturday to see a man who was rep 
burned. We found him a »*»*•*£* ^ a fire. 
Two weeks had elapsed since he had « 

*-^^CJ-c^5«5, He y had 

.hereof was sickening even a hundrrfto * ^ 

flies and insects tortured the suffenn g ^ ^ ^ 
seemed on the verge of death He ^ 

hospital and cleaned. Decaying finger rwe 

lt/t^rhv his arm was amputatea, a"" 

"™* «", ™i' . »i »-«* «- •»"r; 


""wis it wise for them to have selected tHsfi^J We 

over this land on to Lake t,nau 

F,rvot when we remember the millions of acres a 
EgyPt ' around that some day will be producing 

cotton, peanuts, tropical fruits, and other 
crops now unthought of, when we remem- 
ber that it is on the border line of the great 

Mohammedan advance from the north 
which has come out of that ancient cradle 
of Christianity, where St. Cyprian, St 
Augustine, and Tertullian bore eloquent 
testimony in the earlier days, one is im- 
pressed with the strategic location of this 
work. Some day we may find it a radiant 
Christian center on the highway between 
ancient and modern civilization which will 
make glad the hearts of our children and 
"ting into the kingdom of our Father 
multitudes of those for whom Christ died. 
Thus as one contemplates all these ma- 
terial and missionary possibilities o our 
Africa field, he can not help but feel that 
northeastern Nigeria consti tutes a real 
challenge to the Church of the Brethren 
Here is our chance to share in bringing 
Christ to Africa. 
Garkida, Nigeria. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1929 


Some Brethren Pathfinders 


14. The Debate 

I LLI nois having been admitted into the Union : in 
1818 as a free state, emigrants from eastern states 
ame in large numbers, locating principally in the m.d- 
7 nd southern parts. Heretofore most of the ear y 
triers had come from southern states, and some of 
hem brought their slaves with them. Wolfe and his 
^le threl their influence on the side of a free state 
thus helping to make Illinois a more des.rable home 
for the Brethren. Among those entering southern 
llinois there were a number of Brethren and 
his gave our people a strong representation m Union 
County, where they had not only a well organized con- 
Son but a church building, the first Brethren 
meetinghouse erected in the state. It was probably a 
Z g log building and stood on the road between Anna 
J Saratoga It was known as the old Dunkard 
curch The h ist „ r ian says that George Wolfe and his 
people organized the first church in the county and 
hat this old church was their place of worship. So far 
as we know there was not another member m the en- 
tire state aside from those under the care of Eld. 
Wolfe. It was not until ten years later that they be- 
<ran settling in other localities. 

While Eld. Wolfe took an active part m bu.ldmg up 
the community in which he lived, and ir .helping to put 
the affairs of the county in shape, he declined all 
political honors, even refusing later on to be con- 
SLred as a nominee for governor. He told his friend 
and admirers, and he had many of them, that he 
was a preacher and not a politician, that ms mission in 
this wo'rld was to preach the gospel. Mounted on h, 
trusty horse he went from point to pomt del.vermg h.s 
message. He had a strong, graceful and 
way of speaking and the people of every class, common 
and educated, heard him gladly. He had work in 
Kentucky as well as in southeastern M.ssoun needing 
his attention and splendid ability. 

In his rounds he ran up against the Catholics in 
Kaskaskia, the then strongest hold of Catho hcism in 
all the west. Here they had a well attended college 
and other Catholic institutions for the training of 
priests and nuns. The town was founded by them 
built up by them and had become the religious, political, 
commercial and military headquarters o the upper 
Mississippi Valley. Eld. Wolfe was challenged to a 
debate with a gifted Catholic priest. To accept the 
challenge would be like attempting to beard the lion 
in his den, with all odds in the lion's favor. But when 
it came to a matter of duty in defense of h.s religious 
claims Eld. Wolfe backed down for nothing. So far 
as we can get at the date it must have been in the year 
1820, at which time Wolfe was forty years old and 
had been in the ministry seven years. _ 

The elder was then in prime condition for h.s best 
mental efforts. He possessed a marvelous personality, 
stood erect and was thoroughly self-possessed. He 
had been accustomed to men of distinction and was 
perfectly at home with the most gifted and influential. 
He feared God but neither man nor beast. The debate 
as it progressed created a wonderful excitement, the 
people turned out in great numbers. The new gov- 
ernor of the new state, Shadrach Bond, was there and 
is said to have presided. Tradition says the governor 
of Kentucky attended the discussion. Wolfe under- 
stood his Bible, and knew how to tell its story, and all 
through the debate held his gifted opponent right down 
to the book, telling him what the word of God de- 
manded, and that the Catholics were not in their teach- 
ing, claims and manner of life doing what the book 
said. And so skillfully and forcibly did our pioneer 
preacher meet his opponent at every point that after 
the discussion was over Governor Bond was heard to 
say that for an uneducated man Wolfe was" the pro- 
foundest reasoner to whom he ever listened. 

The victory was so complete and the excitement and 
feeling so intense, that the governor knew that the life 
of Eld. Wolfe would be in danger as he proceeded on 
his way home, so entirely unknown to him and without 
his consent, he ordered a body guard for his protection. 
On the morning of his departure from the tavern 

where he had been stopping, and after h.s 
friends good-bye, he mounted his horse only to im- 
mediately find himself surrounded by a band of 
soldiers, under the command of an officer to serve as 
an escort on a part of his journey. This act of itself 
created no small sensation. But the governor had 
great admiration for one who had done as much for 
the state as the elder had accomplished, and meant to 
make his return to his people as safe as possible. 

The debate gave Eld. Wolfe quite a reputation ,n 
Kaskaskia, among the state officials, military officers 
and others, as well as in other parts. As a preacher 
no man in southern Illinois had a finer standing. He 
now devoted himself to looking after his spiritual 
flock, his farm and other lines of bus.ness. Right here 
much might be said about incidents relating to h.s 
life and experiences, but this story is already lengthen- 
ing out, and we have seen only half of the man she, 
still we venture on one incident that will interest the 

" fn'a former chapter we said that our pioneer man 
possessed a sense of direction that seemed almost as re- 
liable as the compass. It made no difference how ex- 
tensive the forest, or however dense the timber through 
which he traveled, without trail or marks of any sort 
he never got lost. He always knew the directions. It 
was related to me by one who knew him for years 
that on a certain occasion, when he still lived in his 
cabin, and when southern Illinois was yet a vast wilder- 
ness, without roads, and only here and there a lone 
Indian trail, he was approached by a stranger, who 
said that he knew in what part of ** *™ t0 ?{*° 
place was that he wished to reach, but did not know 
how to find the point without a He had been 
informed that Wolfe was at home in the woods, a real 
" woodsman," and could be depended on as a guide, 
and wished to secure his services for the trip. Having 
him point in the direction of the place in the territory 
he wished to reach, the two started on the long horse- 
back ride through forests unknown to the white mam 
It is related that so exact was Wolfe s keen sense of 
direction that he missed the point, a new settlement 
by not more than a mile. One may ask how could men 
manage to live for days when traveling through unin- 
habited sections. For the pioneer that was easy With 
a few corn dodgers in his saddle bags, a light weight 
frying pan fastened to the side of his saddle, and a 
trusty rifle in front of him, he could shoot his game 
fry Ul meat over a campfire, eat his meals, and rolled 
up in his hunter's blanket, sleep on the ground at 
night. This was the way some of the advance set- 
tlers lived while they opened up the forest their 
cabins, and laid the foundation for not a few of the 
strong congregations that now dot the land. Who 
would dare say that these brave people, men and 
women, were not thoroughgoing missionaries in heart 
soul and action, and worthy of all the honors that we 
of this day may bestow on them? 

But Wolfe in this part of the story had now reached 
a period in his life, about 1820, when he must take a 
farbroader view of his religious responsibilities than 
those merely pertaining to his immediate commun, y^ 
With a keen interest we shall keep in touch with him 
as he broadens out in his activities. 
Scbritig, Fla, 

Self must be crucified. Our great Pattern had noth- 
ing reserved for self. Therefore, accept the discipline 
of life as an opportunity for the killing of self. 

Besetting sin must be crucified. To a certain extent 
sin is battled with, but as long as there is life in the 
sin it is not enough. There must be death. Stand- 
in. before the cross of Christ, ask the question: Is 
there anything living in me which made h.m d.e. 

We should take rightly the deaths of those we love 
When God's command has gone forth that a spirit 
should return to him, dutifully and unquestionmgly 
obey. There is great comfort in the simple act ot 

obedience. ... , . , 

Make death an act of obedience. did this, and 
it contributed greatly to the dignity and grandeur of 
his dying. Familiarize yourself with death, as with any 
plain duty which has to be done and must be done well. 
The secret of Paul's contentment with all things was a 
life held loose-a life always in the hand. Christ s 
whole life was a constant preparation and a mounting 
up to death. Even that closing scene of horror came 
to him as a thing often rehearsed before-as something 
not entirely new. . 

We do not know what it will be to d.e, nor how t 
is to glorify God. but this we know, that death is only 
one art in a long process of obedience, and that they 
who live best in obedience to his holy will, will die 
best upon his precious promises. Now. . we be 
dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with 
him" The will has been yielded up to unre- 
servedly. Oh, what blessed fellowship and sweet com- 
munion to be thus in Christ our Lord I 
Newberg, Oregon. 

Obedient Unto Death 

■•And became obedient unto death" (Philpp. 2:8). 
There lies a distinction, entirely borne out in the 
original, in that word became. It is not that Christ 
was obedient unto death, but that he "became obedi- 
ent " which teaches us that in his human nature he 
grew in obedience, and in his life we are perm.tted to 
see the growth. , . . 

This progressive character of our Lord s 
is a thought of exceeding comfort, he himself can 
sympathize with us in our often painful growth in 

° b We "little conceive all that went to make that became 
The words of the text do not mean obedience to a kind 
of death but obedience to the extent of dying, stopping 
not short of obedience's latest boundary. 
What is "obedience unto death"? 

The Signs of the Times 


When the disciples asked Jesus, " What shall be the 
sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world, hi. 
reply was: " Take heed that no man deceive you For 
many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and 
shall deceive many. And ye shall hear c .war* .and 
rumours of wars: see that ye be not troub ed for al 
these things must come to pass, but the end -s not yet 
For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom 
against kingdom: and there shall be famine, ..and 
pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places (Matt. 

"into great World War nation was arrayed against 
nation in a terrific conflict. Thirteen millions of the 
youth of the world went down to their deat in th t 
awful struggle. This war did not usher in the end, 
it was only one of the many that are to come. 

Significant changes in the government and leader 
sh.p^f many nations have come about through the 
World War, and to those who have studied recent 
events, in the light of prophecy there has dawned the 
conception of what has been taking place-things un 
mrnlleled in the history of mankind. 
P EzetLl says: "Thus saith the Lord God; remove 
the diadem, and take off the crown: . . . « 
overturn, overturn, overturn it: and . shal be no 
more, until he come whose right it is ; and I w,U pve. 
t0 him" (Ezek. 21:26, 27). A marvelous fulfilment 
If this prophecy is seen in the following facts: A few 
year ago there were forty-one royal dynasties m th 
world. Twenty-four thrones, including the greatest 
and empires in the world, collapsed and vanished m 
Tven short years. The sword has left on 'seven teen 
of the forty-one thrones, in ten years. Back of these 
tuts is the guiding hand of God preparing the way 

f " TheTeatest famines of history have occurred with- 
in the la* few years. The great Chinese famine was 
followed, six months later, by the Russian famine- 
said to be the greatest the world has ever seen. In 
lanuary, 1919, a thousand persons were dying ot 
starvation, daily, in Petrograd. Up to July. 1922, 
2 000 000 Russians starved to death, and further mil- 
lions have died of starvation, plus d.sease; and th, 
nex year's harvest was 20.000.000 tons below the pre- 
war average. The soviet authorities, themselves, ac- 
knowledged in June, 1922, that tens of millions were in 

(Continued on Page «> 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 19, 1929 

The Two Views of the Church 


I fully agree with the writer of the article, "Is the 
Church Ne'essary?" which appeared in the Gospel 
M^— of December 8 last. True, as the wr„ r 
" » ncerning the belief of "an inte grand^ 
3L »_•• there are multitude, like her. And among 
I skeptic S ^ many educated and cultured. Doubt- 
^ some of these are down on the visible church be- 
cause of clashing denominational machmery and the 
deifying of creeds and sacraments. 

All this reminds me of a conversation I had with a 
man a few months ago on the same subject. At the 
time I was holding a series of meetmgs .0 his com- 
munity and a good deacon brother and I v.s.ted and 
dined in this .nan's home. While there we learned that 
and his wife formerly belonged to a certain c hurch 
but like many others had grown cold and no longer 
claimed membership in that church. Dunng our on- 
versation I therefore had the opportumty to kmdly su 
,est that they renew their covenant the Lord and 
made it plain ,0 them that there -as a warm welcome 
for their Christian fellowship in the Church o the 
Brethren. It was then that the man the husband 
freely expressed himself and said firmness and 
emphasis: "I have decided never again to join any 
particular denomination or church. I don t be .eve m 
them I do. however, believe in the church of Christ 

and ever since I joined the church, although not 

now claiming membership in it, I feel that I belong to 
the church of Christ and am living as near r.ght as 
those who claim active membership in the different de- 
nominational churches. I believe that it is necessary to 
show the Spirit of Christ toward mankind in our mc.i- 
vidual living and this Spirit I am trying to exemplify 
and not bother myself about the claims and of 
any one of the many so-called Christian churches 
My dear reader, may I here ask, what do you think of 
this man's position as a safe ground for salvation? 
Where would you classify him? 

Here is a man who refused to join the Church of the 
Brethren or any other active, visible. Christian church 
and yet he claims to belong to the church of Christ. 
Surely in harmony with his own statement, his answer 
to the " mail-bag query " would be that the church of 
Christ is "a spiritual union working in each indi- 
vidual " and not " an organization visible." I there- 
fore classify him with " grandmother " and the " multi- 

I felt that somehow I must try to help this man, and 
so decided to give him a proper understanding of the 
matter upon the safe and sure ground of gospel teach- 
ing. And so I asked him several questions accompany- ~ 
ing them with adequate New Testament references, 
such as. do you believe in Christian baptism as an out- 
ward sign or symbol of an inward cleansing— the new 
birth— and also in the other sacraments, such as, feet- 
washing, the Lord's supper, the communion, the 
anointing of the sick, etc., as taught and practiced by 
Christ and the apostles? To all of these questions he 
answered in the affirmative and added that they should 
be practiced today by the members of the church of 
Christ. 1 asked him whether he practiced them and to 
this he gave a rather hazy and evasive reply. I then 
asked him how he could exemplify the Spirit of Christ 
toward mankind in his life if he did not bother him- 
self about the claims and activities of the Christian 
church— the observance of the sacraments being one of 
her claims? 1 tried to make it clear to him that the 
Spirit of Christ was shown in his attendance at public 
worship in the synagogues and in his observance of 
the sacraments and that the church of Christ rightly 
lays claim to the perpetuation of these things and " do- 
ing good " in general, thus becoming a visible, active 
organization. At this point in our conversation I 
think the man realized that he' walked into his own trap 
by the position he took and then, as if to justify him- 
self, he finally made it appear still more absurd by say- 
ing that he would occasionally call for a minister to 
come into his home and administer to him these sacra- 
ments. Then the good deacon brother, visiting with 
me, made a master stroke by saying in kind and sub- 
dued tones these words to the man : " I don't think I 

wou ,d wan, a religion so selfish as '<«' >»-* 
that would welcome the cooperation and fellowship ot 
In active church or body of believers. In 
my judgment the brother's timely remark touched th 
core of The whole matter and in a word gave the whole 
bodv of New Testament teaching on the subject which 
etals tne church of Christ as a visible ^g— 
tha, provides the necessary workmg nucleus to he a _ 
tainment of universal brotherhood . . . and 
cietv can not be saved without it. 

When the converts on the day of Pentecost were 
baptized and were added by the Lord to the church 
thTd no. settle back into .life of -^-nce and 
0/ bother themselves about the eta. ms and in eresU 
of the church, but they continued steadfastly in the 
aPOstles' doctrine and fellowship and in breaking of 
bread and in prayer. They had a sense of obligation 
oTard the needy and planned with their possessions 
to give help where this need was felt. They fo.sook 
„ ot g ,he assembling of themselves together but con- 
tinued daily in the temple, pra.smg God. They ^ went 
to church. They had a wholesome influence the 

^Beginning with a nucleus of about a hundred and 
twent disciples the church at Jerusalem grew from 
ime to time in number and spirituality and influence 
™, power. This Spirit-filled body (church) by ,ts 
ternpk worship and prayers and fellowship and help- 
fulness and persona, work from house .0 house and 
miracle-working and teaching and preaching and soul 
saving and rejoicing, proved beyond W**** 
doubt that it was a visible organization Christ a 
its living Head. In other words, it was the church of 
Christ in this city functioning under definite orders 
from the Head to make disciples, baptize and teach 
(Matt. 28:19. 20). 

Again, as the word of God increased and the num- 
ber of disciples multiplied greatly (Acts 6:7), there 
arose a pressing demand for further organ.zat.on. At- 
tention to temporal needs became and so 
the body, the church, acting under the guidance of the 
Holy Spirit created the office of deacon, which office 
is necessary and used in the churches of today. \\ hen 
persecution arose and havoc was made of the church, 
the activities of the Christian laymen became more 
pronounced and they went everywhere preaching the 
word Even deacons preached the word and won 
converts to the faith. All this meant the work of a 
necessary organization .(the church) under orders from 
the Head (Christ) through the supervision of the 
Holy Spirit. Compare John 16:13-15; 14:26; Acts 
1:8; 2:1-4. When the time came that God suddenly 

The New Church 

It was a humble church-no stately steeple 
Looked down upon the river and the street— 
A humble church, for humble, toiling people. 
Who hither came with heavy, aching feet. 
Outside there raged the city's ceaseless riot, 
And careless souls the path of ruin trod ; 
Within, amidst a reverent Lord's Day quiet 
The little church was set apart to God. 
I saw another sight than those rapt faces ; 
I saw a vision of the years to be, 

The throng of those whose forms shall fill these places, 
When time shall be no more with you and me. 
More solemn than those solemn invocations. 
More joyful than those joyful notes of praise, 
I heard the prayers of future generations, 
1 heard the songs of far-off future days. 
I heard the wistful penitent's grieved sighing, 
In memory of a sad and wasted past, 
And high above I heard tlie angels crying, 
" Rejoice ! the wanderer returns at last 1" 
And then I heard the Master, softly saying, 
• O he who reared the building for my sake, 
Through toil and sacrifice and fervent praying, 
Most sweet to me the gift is that you make. 
" For once I was an exile bowed with sadness, 
Unhoused, when birds straight to their nests might flee 
And my remembering heart is thrilled with gladness 
When those that love me build a house for me." 
— Jessie 

revealed his Son in Saul of Tarsus (who later became 
Known as Paul) this zealous exponent of the fa. h 
made three missionary tours. He, Paul, not only 
preached Christ and the resurrection of the dead, but 
so established churches and ordained elders in every 
church Then the time came when Paul decided to go 
again and visit the brethren (churches) m every city 
Xre he had preached the word of the Lord and se 
ov they (the churches) were doing. And so he and 
Sills went through Syria and Cilicia, connrrnmg th 
churches Just prior to this there was a conference 
SS Tin the rnother church at Jerusalem to settle a dis- 
pute about circumcision and the keeping of the law 
of Moses. When a decision was reached, then the 
whole church " sent chosen men with letters of greeting 
embodying the decision to the churches at Ant.och. 
Syria and Cilicia. These churches were units or groups 
j d i sc iples-visible organizations engaged in aggres- 
sive Christian service. In the epistolary writings many 
of the local churches of Christ are mentioned and each 
assumed the name of the city in which it was located 
For example, we refer to the seven churches of Asia 
which are definitely mentioned in Rev. 1:11. In chap- 
ters one and two Christ himself mentions them figura- 
tively as golden candlesticks and their bishops as stars 
and himself as holding them in his right hand and walk- 
ing in the midst of them. Then follow in chapters two 
and three the words of the Son of God to each church: 
•■ I know thy works," etc. Whether their works were 
fully commendable or not is not the point in th.s dis- 
cussion. Humanly speaking, no church, however com- 
mendable its works, is infallible. TheVpoint here ,s, 
these seven churches were definite visible units or or- 
ganizations with bishops and workers and, in the aggre- 
gate or taken as a whole, they were the church o 
Christ for he held them in his right hand and walked 
in their midst. 

Persons who claim to belong to the church as^an 
organism or as " a spiritual union " and not as an 
organization visible," can not be depended upon to do 
any effective, constructive work in any community 
They belong to the class that " say and do not and 
faith" without works is dead, being alone. In the per- 
fect plan of salvation God sent his Son into the world 
and while here he planned the establishment of his 
church and ordained men to preach h.s gospel Later 
when the Holy Spirit descended and the church grew 
in numbers and spiritual power, new conditions of the 
work developed. There were diversities of ministra- 
tions so that lay-workers with diversities of gifts and 
workings were in demand (1 Cor. chap. 12; Hpn. 4. 

II" 16 )- XT T . 

In view of the above deductions from New testa- 
ment teaching we must conclude that there is a visible 
organization in the world called the church of Jesus 
Christ of which he is the Foundation and Builder and 
Head The church is our spiritual mother and we 
need her protection and counsel and fellowship. We 
should love her and serve her. It is only r.ght and 
safe to be added or joined to the church and, as occa- 
sions arise, "tell it unto the church" (Matt. 18:1/) 
and to be restored unto the church (Gal. 6:1). fi- 
nally Christ is the Savior of the body, the church 
(Eph 5-23) and when he comes the second time with- 
out sin unto salvation, it will be for his called out ones, 
the church, that's all (Eph. 5:25-27; 1 Thess. 4:14- 
S ' 17- Heb. 9:28). Therefore, again, you can not be 
saved without if. Join it, you are not where you be- 
long until you do. 
Baltimore, Md. 

Bits of Brotherliness 

Do Your Bit at a Hero of Peace 

" Come now, and let us reason together," said one 
of the g»eatest of the Hebrew prophets. This is a very 
brotherly thing to say in the face of a problem ! 

Today we are just beginning to catch Isaiah's spirit 
in this regard, and we're entering upon an " Age of 
Discussion." Let us develop the habit of reasoning 
together in church, home, school, factory, or wherever 
human beings must live and work together. 
Pounds. Carlcton, Ncbr. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1929 


Higher Education in the Church of the 


In Five Parts— Part II 

The origin and development of higher education in 

th e Church of the Brethren is a fascinating story con- 

- erni „g which all who love the church can or at leas 

hodd become intensely interested. The story .s ful 

f vision, heroism, spiritual devotion and persona 

sacrifice all of which challenges the imagination of the 

Tst prophetic for the future development of our 

church. . 

The good that has accrued to the church in particular 
and to humanity in general only eternity can measure 
Far be it from any of us to criticize anything done in 
the past except as it is constructive and thus helpfu 
Z the present and future. Had our fathers both dead 
and living had the present knowledge as the result of 
our past experience in higher education, many things 
that have heen done would not have been done and 
other things would have been done differently. 

It is for us to be profoundly grateful for the bless- 
ings that are ours through higher education in the 
church and to endeavor to be worthy of our rich edu- 
cational and spiritual heritages. It is for us to act 
isely in the light of the experiences of the past and in 
J . . , .. _r iU- „ fDC pnt tn the end 


i men 

wisely "' luc "&'"- VL * « ,, i 

the knowledge of the facts of the present to the end 
n[ doing as well and better if poss.ble in higher edu- 
cation in our generation, both for our generation and 
future generations. 

In the remainder of this article and in succeeding 
articles it shall be my purpose to present and to dis- 
cuss certain criteria, principles and concepts which 
must be given serious consideration in determining our 
future higher education policies and program. 

( 1 ) // the Church of the Brethren is to remain in- 
tact as a denomination it must have a first class semi- 
nary in which to train its religious leaders. Any solu- 
tion of the education problem which ignores the serm- 
nary is inimical to the spiritual welfare and progress of 
the church. 

We must have an educated leadership and it must be 
produced by more than literary training supplemented 
by a few hours of required courses in Bible study ma 
liberal arts college. It seems unnecessary, m the .girt 
of the great increase in formal education as well as 
the enormous and increasing amount of informal or 
general education from so many sources among our 
young people and older ones, to argue for the absolute 
necessity for an increasing amount of college and semi- 
nary , training of the highest possible type tor our 
church leaders. 

It is easily understood that a denomination with as 
few as one thousand forty (1,040) congregations of 
which seven hundred eighty-six (786) are rural 
churches and many of these having fewer than one 
hundred (100) members, does not need a large semi- 
nary. It does, however, demand a permanently endowed 
and well equipped institution with the best instruction 
the church has. This the Seminary must have in order 
to maintain and if possible to increase the respect on 
the part of the entire Brotherhood for its leadership, 
training and output. 

The entire membership or at least a great majority 
of the membership of the Brotherhood must be united 
in an earnest desire and will to have an adequate 
Seminary that compares favorably with the best in 
the country. There is no need to deny that the seeds 
of discontent and disintegration are bearing fruit to 
the ill of the church. It seems to me that a seminary 
of the type suggested above willingly and graciously 
supported by and rendering efficient service to the en- 
tire membership of the church in the homeland and 
abroad, offers the greatest possible factor of unification. 
The future of the Church of the Brethren as a de- 
nomination is a test of the love of her members ex- 
pressed in their willingness to provide adequate train- 
ing for their church leadership in their Seminary for 
which no apologies need be offered for lack of support 
and equipment. 
Champaign, III. 

Monthly Program for Local Men's Work 


" Where Are We in Foreign Missions?" 

Worship Program: Theme— Love 

Hymn : Christ for the World We Sing. No. 378. 
Scripture : 1 Cor. 13. 

Prayer: Let the chairman of the devotional and 
itnal culture committee pray for a love ... the hearts o 
that will reach to the uttermost parts of the world. 
Short business session with reports from committee chair- 
men and from .hose who had assignments for the pas. 


Educational Program 

Topic—Where Are We in Foreign Missions? 
President announces the theme. 

First Speaker: Have foreign ed any 

First =pia in the past.' 

th ng compared to what has ueen pi" „-♦,„.„ 

Second Speaker: Is our church getting a profitable return 

nn its foreign mission investment? . 

ThW Speaker: Is money all that the foreign m.ssion 
enterprise demands of men? 

General Discussion 
, Ate we as a men's organization satisfied with what 
our church is getting from its foreign miss.on investment 
2 How may we inform ourselves as to .he returns on 

°"1 ' ""satisfied with the size of out foreign mission 

A brief message from the Pastor. 
Closing prayer. 

Sugge.tion. for Thi. Monthly Program 

Regular meetings of the local organization are essentia 

,o effective work. Fellowship m prayer and seryic J 

essential to effectiveness and permanence, and tins tellow 

ship finds its concrete expression in the regular monthly 

ThTchairman of the missions committee of the local 
association is responsible in .his P— ~ ° 
the worship and educational part of It. _He ^selects ^ the 
speakers and gives them any ^ wh K h* may^ 
*T,^^ - with force and power 
A man does not have lo be an orator to do tins. If he 
LZ tells the .ruth in a conversational ---- 
men will feel its force. A speaker should never read 
he has to say nor use clippings. 

Missionary materia, may be had from the _ E ducat™. 
Secretary of the General Miss.on Board, H. Spenser Mm 

-of [^TJ^StA^ ?££. 

S^^iTM^ meting 

""calfuMdarshould be made by .he executive committee 

*-<ireiui jjictua iipfinite information 

pledging their prayers Encourage ,h< .read g he M* 
^Z ^ is" rea.^Slshing a closer re- 
L*».hip *£« .£ men and the great foreign 
work, and this is a good time to do ... 

The topics of the talks in this program ate very prac- 
tical They will appeal to the men for they w.l, answer 
questions which they are asking themselves. 

Do not depend on outside speakers: "^J, 
as much as possible. The programs should be ass. g. e 
„arlv The educational program should always ue 
early. ■" „,„;,,, for the month, plans for 

5S l^T^™^ executive commi.tee. 

we know. 

Chicago, 111- 

The United Stewardship Council for 1927 infr 

Brethren was $13*trf w ^ d for budg e,-benevo- 

church lovingly to enlist every member ,n these wav 
Chicago, III. 



A few weeks previous to Thanksgiving our pastor e. 
edged each member a, .be Pleasant Dale church to give 
an offering. The mission envelopes were given out w .1, 
he undergoing that al, who could should give one do, a. 
Bro Kinsev, our oldest member, accepted one of the 
env dopes. While no, possessing much of .his world s goods 
."he always enjoyed giving (o the Lord's cause. Th rce 
years ago he walked two and a half miles lo give his b.rth- 

%~2S m^o^^o/his Thank,, J 

envelope but owing to the failing health of Sister Kin y 
J," did no, have the pleasure of bringing Ins offering to the 

C ' Bro'Kinsev passed to the grea, beyond on the morning of 
Dec 26 AbouMliirn- before his he spok, ; 
one of our brethren abou, his offering, that 

x^iX^ . - ■— s ™-;- 

„„ the little mission envelope saying : This is Bro. Kmscy 
up the li.tic consists of pennies, 

?. T eu mc wha, you spend -"^.re^re^ 
ZyT^:^" Mrs.D.M.Byerl, 

Decatur, Intl. —•— 

Bro . N. M. Maida. an elder, and ">e wri,er hem g 
hv Elders' Meeting spent the week-end at Vvara a lew 
days ago To me this was a most enjoyable ,ime, and we 
hope most profitable for the Vyata church. 

By .he unanimous consent of the bret ren Bro *b« an 
Sister Hatlan Brooks were ntdamed to the elders! lip. 

, •,,, Indian there is an elder, and he does very well, 

b my" sting upon any elder of such a large church. 



sa, looking on quietly, ^*£°££ S up be ore .ha, 
en. or shed, for you" as the Christ ^was ; held p 
fine group. May the word of Christ 
Tr^r^uuniber. happy vears, 

of grace. 

Anklesvar, India. -•— 


I-ryo^^a^r^Jrlem^o appreciate 
his work and life. . ... 

How to Teach Ideals. _ 

Mr. Chondhar, gav, , . s e ,es o ,a Ik ^ 

He also gave a ™™« ™* J 'J co „ duct . These were 

3* ttStt a 'hispiratku, tc.aU. ȣ- 

s^^tsrfiK Z2* - - 

csted ' • i . ,,„„wi„ir we had a testimonial prayer 

We believe the meetings , Id jesul ■ . ^.^ 

(Conlinuta on Past «> 

What Is a Minister? 


There Was a toe when the -W£^£^ 

me name implies, and nothing ™ "° /^ He 

divinely set apart to admin. * » ^ntt « ^ „ 

was looked upon as a Messe" e ^^ 

and with the coming of the saDDat , 

was received by the people « .coming £m W 

seemed to be a certain ring of auftonty 

his message and the listeners "J™?*" In some 

~ ^£SSS*E£ dissected, 

b"^— of as a man of God and was 

"1"": that they look in vain foi this 
Some are telling minister himself 

fl T t "he defense : "being called of God 
has lost it. me aecp » ministry s no 

ister of spiritual things. A hen a minister 


resorts to the slang of the street. 

,. i. .? Possiblv it is due to the fact that 

been for the best. 

A minister must define his work in terms that can 
be understood by the man of the street to be sure. 
But this can best be done by staying by his own vo- 
cabulary without borrowing from business and politics. 
Ho e L, this does not mean that we are to look upon 
Te igion as a thing apart from life. It does m en hat 
relfion, like everything else, looks best in ts own 
c othes and should not be tagged with the label o ju „ „„. 
he stock exchange, the race course or the football »„ Jesus 
fid "Be yourself" is a good slogan-minister 
heed it If you are a minister, then be just 
tht ad nothing else. Don't try to be the ^ mer- 
chant the banker, or the baker and try to im 
IT hem in your conversation and in your general 
appearance. You need not be an ascetic or a monastic 
out you can be a man among men, manly congenia and 
friendly Be yourself and do not ape the mannerisms 
o the other professions. We should .11 strive to be 
just what the name indicates, a man sent from , God, 
Uh a ringing challenge to other men to ,ve he life 
of fellowship with him and service toward others. 

Why did the world's most winning religion and the 
world's greatest Minister come from such a poor little 
barren country like Judea, when there were other more 
prosperous countries such as Egypt, Babylonia and 
Greece' It may be because Judea was poor and 86- 
cfuded enough for one to work with God and hear th 
still small voice that was lost in the rush and oar o 
the other countries. Egypt was too busy With he 
civilization ; Babylonia was too busy with her pleasure 
Greece was too busy with her culture. The spin :of 
prophecy can only be found where men « dream 
dreams and see visions. The greatest U™™™ ' 
not come from material interests. The grea task of 
Jesus was to win the victory over the material and one 
of his last statements was: "I have overcome the 

McPherson, Kans. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 19, 1929 
Vicarious Suffering 


called the police," said our 1 tie se y 
as he threw himself backward lupor. the 
his mother how Jesus was nailed t the cro ^ ^ 

seen the pictures I had * r °™\ UD much for 

Sunday night before, which I knew _was^ 
the child mind, but such as many adults need to 
the N ot only such child minds as W. £ *£* «£ 

ars also, have and « s« £ * ^ ^ 

supreme sacrifice. Why neeo . 

for the sins he had not committed^ Was^tju^^ ^ 

it compulsory 

id not coniii,iL,w. ■•—-• . . 
? The solution of the whole problem is 


^£f5TU the terrible condition we 
w°"n She knew that no »*!.— * 

i TTd said "Let the child's penalty be upon 

^Had Jelus called the police, or the " twelve le^n of 
angels " and escaped the terrible shame and disgrace, 

W C"^e h rtotcTL - God so W the 

worifthat he gave his only begotten Bon that who- 

believe* on £^££££Z 

r"o 'tmself'nrreckoning unto them their 
Trespasses, and having «m** unto « the word of 
^ever^word of ridicule, for every insulting re- 
mark f^om'a " friend" as to why one is spending • 
life in an unsightly place or sacrificial manner for 
every shoe sole or auto tire worn out in the Masters 

vL, for every night our tired bote ^ 
uoon the bed, there is often the question: Why all 
Ts waste of energy and money?" The answer is: 
God. We have received his " word of reconcd at on 
and that "holy love" " constrains us to get it to 
those who have not yet believed. 

B loved in Christ, will we spend our life, even die 
in their stead? " A new commandment give I unto 
you It yl love one another as I have loved you," 

Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

you can exhaust God's p£« ^^£ 

advice, P^^ - - a father pitieth his 

Today we can buy Ingersoll s books for J 
they were as soon forgotten as ; w« the ashe^ 
h^^i-ea^I^s of the Bible 

^notGo^l^ heaven and watcheth over 

his own. 

Omaha, Nebr. ^~ 

The Making of a Great Race 

- Miller. Literary 
■viewed in 

God's Patience 


Not many years ago a man who was regarded as a 
great scholar and orator visited the principal cities of 
the middle west on a lecture tour. , , . „„ 
Besides being a gifted orator he had a pleasing per- 
sonality, a fine stage presence and a -Wonderful com- 
mand of language; he felt that he had an important 
message for misguided man, and throngs of people, 
lovers of sensation, gathered to hear h.m. 

The great and noble motive that prompted him to 
make this tour, was to destroy man's faith in God 
Tesus his Son and the Holy Bible. And when before 
a vast audience, Robert J. Ingersoll took his watch m 
his hand and said : " I will give God up there in heaven 
just three minutes to strike me dead for blasphemy. 
Sere was a tense, shuddering silence, filled with sus- 
pense and fear, the audience was shocked by his 
audacious bravado, he held the open watch until the 
expiration of three minutes, then snapping it 
pointed upward in derision, he exclaim* 
up there— no one at all— else I 
standing here alive and unhurt!" 

In old gentleman in the audience, shamed and exas- 
perated by such blasphemy, shouted back so all could 
hear " ™>* In 8 ers0 "' Wh ° "* y0U * 

,hr„Mi. .i-= b««»» „ d A . Steiner , , s 

•■The Making of a Great Race by ess 

a book of 192 page, pn« at $L7i l» h;m Qn ^ 

Those who have read Sterner or na 

p ,a.form and in the pulpit «"»"*«£' Migrant days 
arouses. He knows America rom hls^im * ^ 
down to the present. H is as t , .^ 

who uses words not to fill space M. traditiona , and 

In this, his latest book, he fusses r ' h mak . 

religious elemenls that are ««*£«* C ° ml, fear or 
in g of the American nation » d *«*£,* His discuss ions 

^^rnofintenTt'o discuss creeps or ^ ■ *°« * 
I shal. no. he able to escape them b mta ^ 
results of creeds and ^^^JSwoo. psychology, 
,„ call this a discussion of «° aI J* VOI f a b ul arv which is 

tributing to America r > n „ 0M ? he touches the 

--:pj r ,;he r ^mst,x r raint 


wearing short skirts, enamel ling grandchildren, 

and plucking her eyebrows to look like _ner^ g. 
wh o in turn are imitating her even when & ey^ 
freely, and debate about ,r h control Yo.* * ^ 
^^^d^b^s": will wear long skirts and 


*T-f^t^U - pages 

18 ' ftlefnot take one whit from the heroic ^ory of man's 

-r -Wis k tt":xr^nt 


' Nobody 
would not now be 

me n but has not P^™^™" d but he is 

r.:^=. — -•*- «»•"-'-•' - 

reasons for this one-sided development. 

jsasraraa.?— wis 

the material contained in the volume: 
I The End of an Epoch. 

II. The Myth of the Great Race. 

III. Race and Culture. 

IV Is America Growing Old? 

V The Roots of American Culture. 

VI Jews and Jewish Culture. 
VII. Jewish Unity and Jewish Power. 
VTT1 Roman Catholic Culture. 
£ Roman Catholic Power and Protestant Fear. 
X Root, Trunk and Branch. 

XI. Branches Which Are Trunks. 

XII. Conflicts and Contacts. 

XIII The Way of the Meek. 

XIV The Way of the Maionty. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1929 




He plays no more in the box of sand, 
Letting it slip through his chubby hand, 

For he's asleep. 
He swings no more on the cupboard door, 
No longer plays " cow " on the k.tchen floor, 

For he's asleep. 
The teddy bear lies in lonesome pain, 
My own tears fall like the summer rain 
As I long for the sound of his steps again, 

For he's asleep. 
He splashes no more by the water pump, 
I list in vain for his squeal and jump. 

For he's asleep. 
He climbs no more to the attic stair 
To make me hunt him hiding there, 

For he's asleep. 
Our hearts are sore, the days are drear, 
We long for the times of yesteryear, 
Yet we can not ask to have him here, 
So let him sleep. 
Easton, Md. 

Ask for the Old Paths 


« Why hang that picture there? All my life it has 
hung in Granny's room, now it hangs beside your mir- 
ror why do you keep it?" Edna faced her mother 
defiantly. It was not only the picture, but a new dress 
that was disturbing her. 

But mother, who usually placidly agreed, actually 
disapproved of the dress. And she also disapproved of 
Edna's enjoying an attractive but dangerous amuse- 
ment because she was likely to lose her love for good 
things by plunging into doubtful amusements. 

Though they were at variance about several matters, 
mother smiled tolerantly. " I suppose it does seem 
queer to any one else, but it stands for something very 
precious to me." Her manner was almost apologetic 
as she continued. " Granny loved this picture of her 
youngest son, Andrew. He traveled far but always 
came back I remember his homecomings, how he 
said that he had dreamed of the rambling farmhouse 
as a place of shelter and safety. He felt at peace when 
he saw the wood smoke going up to the sky from the 
ample chimneys. And he hurried through the wide 
-ate in the white wooden fence which stood hospitably 
open We all sat around the long cheerful table in the 
kitchen and everybody talked at once. Afterward we 
-athered around him in the big lamplighted sitting 
room. I was small and liked to watch the snapping 
wood fire on the wide brick hearth. It was a home- 
coming evening for all of us.' 

"He was rather good looking," admitted Ldna 

Mother nodded her approval. " Granny thought he 
was a prince, she was sure he would do great things. 
But he died when he was twenty-four years old. Gran- 
ny lived on doing good to others, the sorrow she had, 
shed an immortal fragrance through her last days. She 
made a fine thing out of life with very little of the ma- 
terial which we imagine ourselves to need." 

In the conversation which followed, Edna became 
less antagonistic. They talked easily and frankly about 
the new dress, about the need of observing the old- 
fashioned graces of modesty and good behavior. The 
things about them were warm with a thousand tender 
memories of Granny and others. There was such kind- 
ness in Granny's house. The home was humble but 
lovely. It was quite big enough for grandfather to 
keep its inmates supplied with clothes, food and edu- 
cation without wearing him out, or making him old be- 
fore his time. Granny's sewing basket stood on a little 
stand. She sewed in the evenings, sometimes making 
a new garment, sometimes mending an old one. She 
went about her kitchen, taking an honest pride in her 
own handiwork ; her preserves were as genuine as her 
colonial furniture. She boiled soap which came out in 
great cubes and gave honest service. The whiteness 
of her linens was due to her own capable care of them. 
Grandfather made of life a daily, earnest effort to 

do the right. Folks counted for so much more than 
mere things in his experience, his plain neighborly 
friendliness proved helpful to others, as they brought 
fruitfulness out of the soil. He helped to make a suc- 
cessful farming community out of our neighborhood. 
Their religion held them true, the New Testament was 
read chapter by chapter in turn. Before breakfast, the 
entire family engaged in family worship; after the 
chapter was read, they knelt in prayer asking God to 
dwell in their hearts. Their religion led to restraint, 
dignity and authority in the home. As Granny went 
about her work she sang hymns, one favorite was: 
" There is a fountain filled with blood." In the eve- 
ning, when she had more leisure, she sometimes 
hummed- " How tedious and tasteless the hours, when 
Jesus no longer I see." The hymns seemed to make 
the waste places of life rejoice and blossom like the 
rose. None of the modern ways of making home hap- 
py and its inmates contented were known in that day. 
But men and women were respected for what they 
were and not for what they possessed. Perhaps our 
real needs today are no greater than those of that 
day. And we, too, may enjoy clean, unselfish, God- 
fearing homes. 

The old paths of religion are open for us to tread. 
There is no experience which ever comes that can not 
be better understood by a knowledge of the Old Testa- 
ment The people of Israel lived through all our mod- 
ern perplexities. The Proverbs of Solomon answer 
most of our questions in regard to modern life. When 
Grandfather and his family went to church, they found 
it interesting, they liked sermons. The old preachers 
who went home with them were interested in their wel- 
fare After dinner they talked of church affairs and 
doctrinal discussions occupied part of the time; they 
could talk because they possessed the groundwork of 
-enuine religious faith. Some of the children listened 
wide-eyed to the elder who was studying the book of 
Daniel They did not know what to make of the image 
with its head of gold and its feet, part of iron and part 
of clay. None of them understood the careful compu- 
tation which went into the reckoning up of the years of 
future tribulation which was to come upon this world, 
it was a mystery. One elder asked the daughter to 
give them some music, she sang German songs for him 
sometimes. The elder and his members shared their 
experiences, their little satisfactions in daily living. 
The sacred outlines of those days are engraved on many 
hearts. . 

Picture Granny listening to Uncle Andrew s stones. 
As the door opens, Grandfather takes the chair 
her For forty years he has been there, the tender light 
which comes into her eyes speaks of peace. Every- 
where is the atmosphere of home, softened lights, rest- 
fulness, close companionship, a place of real shelter 
from the storms of life. Shall we then turn from all 
modern progress and invention and go back to earlier 
and more primitive life? No, we must all admit that 
would be rank foolishness. Let us do the wiser thing 
by trying to graft the new upon the old, making it take 
root in that better life which shaped our destinies. 
Then we may make of marriage and home a little quiet 
island of contentment, where storms of care, worry and 
misunderstanding are lulled for a while, perhaps so 
they will never harm us. 
New Windsor, Md. 

say: "Bring the children, for they are mine. Are 
they not fairer than the lilies that I loved so well when 
I trod the hills and valleys of Judea? Bring them to 
me now ; fair, unspotted, innocent children, for of such 
is my kingdom"? 

A thief is arrested, tried, sentenced. Folk breathe 
easier " Ah," they say. " now our sleep will be peace- 
ful in the noon-o'the-night for that wicked housebreak- 
er has been caught at last." Tell me, what of the 
parent who robs a child of his birthright— his right to 
know God, to listen when he speaks, to do his will? 

The mother who 'takes her little ones to the house 
of God should certainly have no stumbling blocks 
placed in her way. A minister stopped in the midst 
of his sermon one Sunday, and said: "May I ask 
that the child be removed?" As a matter of fact the 
child had made very little disturbance. That minister 
should have visited a specialist on nervous prostra- 
tion! Again, a relative of mine took a baby to church. 
The child made some little disturbance and the minis- 
ter paused abruptly in his sermon to request that the 
child be taken out. Indignantly the mother departed, 
never more to darken-or lighten— the door of the 
sanctuary by either the presence of the child or her- 
self Nerves? Yes, that minister needed a vacation- 
was he taking it by proxy when the indignant mother 
fled as Hagar once fled into the wilderness? 

Blessings on the smiling pastors who say : " Bring 
the children, they will not disturb me." Should the 
children not be as welcome in the sanctuary as was 
Samuel in the house of God? Do you say: " But God 
was raising up a prophet "? Yes. and is not God rais- 
ing up future missionaries, and Sunday-school superin- 
tendents today, and is he not depending on parents to 
bring him the material, saying: " Here they are, Lord, 
the children that thou hast given us. We would dedi- 
cate them to thee " ? God works when we do our part, 
and if we bring our children to the Blessing-Giver 
the blessing is sure. Hope for the best and God will 
bring your hopes to fruition. 
Pasadena, Calif. 

" For of Such Is the Kingdom " 


In the account of the child Samuel being brought to 
Eli we find these luminous words: " And the child was 
young" As the oft-quoted old proverb runs: "As 
the twig is bent the tree is inclined." Exceptions there 
may be to all rules, but how often this rule holds good 
with children. What shall we say of those parents 
who will not lead their little ones to the house of God 
while the children are young, while the mind is as wax 
that seems to say : " Write on me today " ? 

If our children become acquainted with God early in 
life may he not also speak to them? There may be 
no audible voice, and still the divine inspiration may be 
none the less positive and unmistakable. Can you not 
imagine the great heart of our Savior moving him to 

" Never Too Poor to Pray, Never Too Weak 
to Win " 


The above sentence I have used for years. It has 
interested old and young, and heartened many a 
despondent one. Like many of my sayings and poems 
it has a history. People have wondered how it origi- 
nated For the benefit of such, and especially shut-ins. 
bereaved, or handicapped, I give here a brief account 
of it; and if it should be a means of encouragement to 
any I shall feel abundantly repaid. 

The sentence is in an old book, " Shadowy Hand, or 
I ife Struggles " by Henry Morgan. The book was a 
present to my mother, a shut-in, from a good woman 
whose frequent visits to our home and comforting 
words smoothed the way, and illumined many a gloomy 
day for that patient sufferer. The book fell to me 
forty years ago when mother was released. It is Mor- 
gan's true account of an almost unequalled struggle 
on the part of his heroic sweet-faced mother who 
battled through illness, poverty, sorrow, and adversity 
during the trying days of sparsely settled Connecticut. 
Her "shadowy hand" shielded and guided her boy 
through hardship, difficulty and seeming defeat until 
he became a most notable and stirring Christian man 
of his day. During a terrible winter the family was 
decimated by the ravages of fever. Henry, aged five 
was removed to a distant home to escape it. I want 
to go home ; I want to see my father," he cried. No, 
no you can not go home now," a gruff old man re- 
plied " I will go, oh. I want to see my mother and 
father," persisted the child. " Hush." said the same 
gruff voice, " you can not see your father, he is dead 
and your mother is ill." The next day .he lad looked 
upon death for the first time. From her bed of suffer- 
ing his mother held out her emaciated hands, saving: 
•' Oh my dear, precious boy; won't you come to your 
poor mother?" But months of suffering had so altered 
her appearance that he shrank back in fear. I have 
repented many times that I did not rush to that dear. 

(Continued on Page 43) 




i condition wa? 


Calendar for Sunday, January 20 

y-i ;-• iiiP Savior — Luke 15:3-7, 
Sunday-.chool L...on, Christ the Savior 

Ml Missionary Giving. + * * * 

Gains for the Kingdom 

On. baptist, in the Santa Fc church, Ind. 

On. baptism in the Burnham church. Pa. 

On. baptism in the Sterling church, Colo. 

T.n baptisms in the Westmont church. Pa. 

Two baptisms in the Harrisburg church. Pa- 

Fi.e baptisms in the Myersville church, Md. 

On. baptism in the Sunnyside church, Wash 

Thr~ baptisms in the Belvedere church, Calif. 

On. baptism in the Minneapolis church, Minn. 

Two baptisms in the Rocky Ford church, Colo. 
Two baptisms in the Yellow Creek church. Ind. 
Nin. baptisms in the Firs, church, Altoona, Pa 
Two baptisms in the North Winona church, Ind 
Four baptisms in the Grand Rapids church. Mich, 
Forty-fiv. baptisms in the church at Vyara, India. 
Th™. baptisms in the Nanty Glo church, Pa. 
Hess, pastor-evangelist. 
Fiv. baptisms in the Ken, church. Ohio. 

Miller pastor-evangelist. 
Thr~ baptisms in the Washita church. Okla 

Smith and wife, evangelists. 

S.v«n baptisms in the Red River church, Okla 

Smith and wife, evangelists. 
S ,„„ baptisms in the Oakland church, Ohio, 

Norris of Champaign, 111., evangelist. 
Six accepted Christ in the Mt. Olivet church, Va., Bro. J. 

T Gliek of Timberville, Va., evangelist, 

Nin. additions to the McPherson church, Kans., Bro. W. 

T Lucked of Hutchinson, Kans., evangelist. 

T.n baptized in the Hyndman church, Pa., Bro. B. M. 

Rollins and Bro. J. A. Buffcnmyer, evangelists. 

Tw.nty.two baptisms in the Antioch church Colo., Bro. 

J O Click of Colorado Springs, Colo., evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Hickory Grove house, Silver Creek 
church, Ohio. Bro. H. M. Coppock of Tippecanoe City. 
Ohio, evangelist. 

Thirteen were baptized and one reclaimed in the Union- 
town church, Pa., with the pastor as evangelist; five bap- 
tisms following. 4. 4. •> * 

Our Evangelists 

Will yon .hare in. burden which ihese tabor... 1 carry ! Will you 
pray (or the success of these meetings. 
Bro. R. H. Nicodomu. to begin April 15 in the Holland 
church, Kans. 

Bro. J. O. Click of Colorado Springs, Colo., to begin Jan. 
22 in the McClave church, Colo. 

Bro. Ralph G. Rarick of Milford, Ind., to begin Jan. 23 
in the First church, Wichita, Kans. 

B.o. S. Z. Smith and wif. of Sidney, Ohio, began Jan. 10 
in the city church, Fort Worth, Texas. 

Bro. R. N. Leath.rman of West Alexandria, Ohio, to be- 
gin Jan. 27 in the Cincinnati church, Ohio. 

stricken. At our latest information his 

After about ten days or two weeks of special 

r:,:u^n^:"rrrr f ^ertsaid 

last week. " if we only knew 1 

Special Notices 

Bro. H. C. 
Bro. A. H. 
. Bro. S. Z. 

, Bro. S. Z. 
Bro. E. O. 

Personal Mention 

Bro D. C. Moomaw of Roanoke, Va., is enjoying his win- 
ter's sojourn at Fort Myers, Fla., as he approaches the 
ninetieth milestone of his earthly pilgrimage. 

Broth., and SUt.r M.rlin C. Shull, new pastors at the 
First Church of the Brethren in Detroit, Mich., are located 
at 2423 Beals Ave., and any information concerning mem- 
bers moving to Detroit will be greatly appreciated. 

Bro. J. F. GraybiU, writing shortly before Christmas, found 
himself unusually busy with the many holidays in Sweden 
on which religious services are expected. The family was 
in good health, the little daughter having just recovered 
from an attack of influenza. 

Brethren Boiuack and Emm.rt, according to cable dated 
Jan. 4, were scheduled to leave Lagos, Africa, Jan. 6; ar- 
rive Bourgoyne, France, Jan. 24; leave Bourgoyne. Jan. 26; 
arrive New York. Feb. 4. Friends wishing to write them at 
New York should mail their letters in ample time, ad- 
dressing them in care of Incoming S. S. New York, Ham- 
burg-American Line, due Feb. 4. 

Eld. Jereniah Thoma. of Bruceton Mills, W. Va., is 
critically ill with leakage of the heart. On Sunday morn- 
ing, Jan. 6, he delivered a discourse at Shady Grove church. 
In the afternoon he traveled some distance to preach a 
funeral. In the evening he was in the pulpit in his home 
town in the midst of the service when he was suddenly 

Miscellaneous Items 

W . .„«. with the "Church News" of the Hunting 

, 1 p. Rro Foster B. Statler, pastor, when it says 

^ery family of ^Church of the Brethren should read 

the ' Gospel Messenger.' " 


%ZjFT£Z£~ of the pastoral committee. 

B ^^r: i r^- r ' si °T,h: t ets« , bap- 

good bother who is following Bro. J. H. Moore's 'Some 
Brethren Pathfinders." 

- A .p~i.l .ffort is made by our pastor through the week- 
fc „«S .0 reach those locating in the city who are mem- 
bers of our' church," writes one correspondent. Is there 
some connection between this effort and the ^respondent 
Tex. statement, that "a, almost every service new faces 
appear ' ? . . . c , 

•■Th. Junia.i.n" for Jan. 10 announces the gift of fund 
for the building of a home for the college .president _The 
building will be erected on college owned ground at the 
comer * Eighteenth and Mifflin Streets. Construction will 
beg, i. time for occupancy next September. The bull nig 
will be German colonial in style like the New Men s Dormi- 

'"r- t. Book. Out of Stock.-Our ministers should note that 
No G, *S T h Eternal Verities," and No. 19 "Modern 
Secret Societies," are both out of stock. In both cases this 
is due «o the fact that the publishers have not yet seen 
heir way ,0 print another edition. Should a supply become 
available' notice will be given through the "Messenger. - 
J E. Miller, Secretary, Gish Fund Committee. 

■'Every man know, what he would do with a million dol- 
lars but not what it would do to him." we are reminded bj 
he "Waynesboro Messenger" of the Waynesboro church, 
Pa Bro James M. Moore, pastor. This journal also says 
Thai "You may no, draw a check a, the bank until you 
have made a deposit. You can no, take out of life more 
than you put in it." . 

Th. La V.rn. section of the annual development edition 
of the " Pomona Progress-Bulletin." which some California 
friend was kind enough to send to the " Messenger office, 
recalled many happy memories of the 1928 Annual Con- 
ference. On the first page of the section in which we were 
especially interested there were inspiring views of the snow- 
capped mountains to the north of La Verne and a splendid 
picture of Founders' Hall. On the other pages there were 
many other things calculated to catch the interest of casual 
readers and tug at the heart of those who once lived in the 
shadow of Old Baldy. It is some consolation to some of 
those who face zero weather to remember that our people 
have been invited to return to La Verne with the Confer- 
ence before so many years have rolled by. 

Thr« Church.. Mak. Spl.ndid Achi.v.m.nt>.-On Jan. 
9 the mission rooms received the final payments on three 
. mission shares from as many different ehurches. The B ack 
Swamp Sunday-school, Northwestern Ohio, sent $50 which 
completes their $250 payment covering five years on then- 
India share. The Pleasant Dale Sunday-school, Middle In- 
diana, sent $25 completing their $125 China share. The 
Greater Missionary Class of the Norristown congregation, 
Southeastern Pennsylvania, sent $25 for their India share. 
This completes their second share. They have for ten 
years been making regular payments. Two of these 
churches write asking for a new share or to learn of other 
work that is more needed. The mission cause can go for- 
ward without financial embarrassment with the backing of 
more missionary spirit like this. 

Th. death noli... in this issue of the "Messenger" are 
an unusually solemn reminder of the fact that life is transi- 
tory and uncertain under even the most favorable condi- 
tions More than fifty notices appear this week, twenty- 
nine of them dealing with people sixty or more years of 
age Eleven persons, or just one-fifth of the total men- 
tioned, were eighty or more years of age. We thought at 
first that there might be some relation between the 
lengthening columns of the obituary department and the 
flu epidemic. But only in a case or two was the flu men- 
tioned. On looking up the matter more in detail, especially 
the trend of the obituary department through a year, it be- 
came clear that the crowded death columns are mainly a 
reflection of winter's extra toll of life. When winter comes, 
many of the aged or those otherwise deficient in vitality, arc 
unable to live through until revived by the warmth and sun- 
shine of another summer. 

trict Meeting o Western Pen, > va , of ^ 

Somerset church Apr, 11-3 staul M>e ^ 

undersigned no, later than 1-en. -a. 

'"'.'.J-...^- • «« -"■' " '"' "- "Z 

tainly bring it within a tew u.iys. 
days as you have experienced. 

Th. Dement Be any de 
sires to get in touch with the teachers and workers m Jthe 

pro m and story free of charge ,0 any teache, ■„ worke 

Bible School, 3435 Van Buren Street, Chicago, 111. 

T „ Aid Socio....: I would like .0 call the attention of a 
Aid Societies to "The World Day of Prayer," which this 
yitZZ Friday. Feb. 15. We hope that eVery ArtSj- 
ciety will observe this day in a fitting manner either singly 
or with other church or community groups of women. Do 
not miss this opportunity for renews.* .with _,h, Ch isrtan 
women of the world. The program " Tha r All May 

Be One" can be procured from our General Mission Board 
for to cents per copy, as stated in the anuary M - 
sionary Visitor." "The Call to Prayer with _Da, ly Cycle 
will be sen, free if ordered with programs also ^sheet o 
suggestions to leaders. Order supplies early so your pro 
gram can he thoughtfully and prayerfully earned out-Mrs. 
John C. Myers, Broadway, Va. 

* * * * 

How Richard Rush Had His Chance 

There was a boy born in Philadelphia in 1780 who was 
named Richard Rush. When he was a little boy he was 
h ought UP .0 believe that if you had courage you could do 
more by kindness than by force. As a young man he wen 
Z Washington to work for the Government He was m he 
State Department when America and England fough the 
War of 1812. and he wished very much that he could 
something ,0 bring peace. When the war ended, he had his 

Ch For e ma„y years all along the Great Lakes and the St 
Lawrence River, which formed the boundary between the 
Unned States and Canada, there had been big forts threat 
e„"„B each other and both countries had battleships sal .ng 
up and down the Lakes ready .0 fight. After the War of 
,8,2 American officers on the Great Lakes sent word I to 
Washington that we must hurry up and build more forts 
and bigger battleships. This message came to Richard 
Rush, who, although he was only thirty-two years o.d ^hap- 
pened then ,0 be in charge of one of the offices at Wash- 
ington because the man usually in charge was away When 
he read this message he saw that his chance to help 
war had been given him. He went at once to the British 
Tmbassador fo 8 r Canada is a par, of Great Britain, and 
said that it seemed to him what the two countries ought to 
do was not for each one .0 build more forts along the 
Lakes, but for both to do away with all their forts and 
ships The British Ambassador, whose name was Bagot, 
liked Richard Rush and believed what he said was true. 
They became good friends and they earned out the plan 

'TooTRichard Rush was made Attorney General for the 
United States, and he and Bagot signed an agreement each 
one for his own country, that there should be 1 no orts or 
battleships between Canada and the United States. This 
agreement was called by the names of the two men. the 
Rush-Bagot Agreement. 

So the first unarmed boundary in the world was ar- 
ranged. Canada and the United States have since lived at 
peace They have not always agreed about everything and 
sometimes wha, seemed to be good for one did not seem to 
be good for the other, but instead of going to war over 
these things, they have talked about them and have settled 
them in that way themselves, or have let some one else de- 
cide for them how they ought to be settled. 

When the two countries had been at peace for 100 years 
there were great celebrations all along the border, and at 
Elaine Washington, the people built a gateway half of 
which stands on Canadian ground and half on American, 
and there are two flagpoles at its top, on one of which is the 
flag of the United States and on the other the flag of Great 
Britain. On the inside of the arch these words are chiseled, 
" Open for one hundred years-may these doors never be 
closed." ' . ■ 1 

So Richard Rush, the little boy of Philadelphia earned 
out his wish to be among the men and women who have 
helped to save the world from war.-Books of Goodwill, 
Vol. I. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1929 



Now Records in Taxes 

The total tax bill for the fiscal year ended in 1928 will 
„, a new record in the total paid to support federal, state 
Tnd local governments. The latest estimate at hand puts 
he 1928 tax bill at not less than $9,169,000,000. This betters 
the total for 1927 by $100,000,000 and yet 1927 taxes repre- 
sented the highest total amount of taxes collected m any 
one country in any one year in the wo rld's h.story. 

Sunday Readers 

« You have lots of time to read on Sunday." is the new 
slogan adopted by the advertising department of the 
«„„rld'8 greatest newspaper." The complaint raised by 
some publishers that the Sunday newspaper ,s losing ground 
"Thus to be met by a strenuous campaign by the "worlds 
Latest" in which it will seek to conv.nce .ts public that 
I average reader does have time to read on Sunday. 
We suspect that other interests could take a tip from th,s 
Chicago paper. People who have time to read a newspaper 
„„ Sunday ought also to have time to read a helpful book. 
» to an inspiring sermon or perform some distinctly 
Christian act. But the responsibility for launching out does 
not all rest upon the average man: the book, the sermon 
or the Christian act must present a rea l challenge. 

Saving the Records 

Throughout the Near East the records of the earliest 
weste rn civilizations are fast perishing from the face of 
the earth. And if the records still extant in stone, pottery 
and brittle parchments are to be saved something must be 
done a. once. Suiting action to words, the Onental Instl- 
tute of the University of Chicago has been organized and 
endowed for a total of $9,500,000. The a.m of the institute 
,o recover and preserve the early records of man as they 
exist today in the valley of the Nile, the Tigris and 
Euphrates basin and the lands which he between. Egypt 
however, is the land of greatest promtse so far as records 
a° concerned. Here according to Dr. James H. Breasted 
are "monuments exceeding in bulk all those o the com- 
bined ancient world outside." Perhaps .1 should be added 
that it is not only the ravages of tune which render tins 
work imperative, but the settlement and development of 
the Near East along modern lines make it necessary o 
recover the ancient records before they are forever ob- 


What Danish Children Learn 
The Danes are descended from the Vikings, rated in their 
time as the greatest of fighters. But today Denmark has 
no imperialistic aspirations, and not even national heroes 
in the military sense. Thus we read of what chi drcn 
learn: "Since national heroes do not exist in Denmark, in 
so far as a hero is regarded as a military figure, it is Hans 
Chfistian Andersen, the immortal children s story teller 
who is given first place in the gallery of Denmark s great 
men. Another is Niels Finsen, the scientist who sacrificed 
his life to the discovery of an effective cure for lupus His 
name today is commemorated in hospitals and clinics 
throughout the land. Prof. Niels Bohr is another nationa 
hero in the unmilitary sense. Originally one of the finest 
soccer players Denmark ever produced, he gave up his 
sport and buried himself in the laboratory presented to hnn 
by the Rockefeller Foundation, where he developed his atom 
theory which a few years ago won him the Nobel prize. 
Thus Danish children are learning of the heroes of peace- 
of men who will be remembered for some constructive deed 
long after ordinary heroes are forgotten. 

At Least This Much 

There is one thing the wet metropolitan press of the 
country never tires of, and that is poking fun at prohibition. 
Professor Thomas N. Carver, one of America's foremost 
economists, recently spoke some sensible words against 
this futile policy of the defeated wet press, to which he adds 
this challenge : " Our appeal is simply this : Don t aid and 
abet those who are actively breaking a law which your gov- 
ernment is actively trying to enforce. Don't muddle the 
minds of your readers by confusing an active law with an 
obsolete law. Don't encourage anyone to think that it is 
either smart or clever, either courageous or honorable, to 
outwit your government. Don't excuse the bootlegger or 
his patron. Don't vilify enforcement officers who are trying 
to do what the law requires them to do and what they have 
sworn to do. If you want to castigate any of them, try it 
on those who are shirking their duty. Don't caricature or 
cast aspersions upon those private citizens who are not only 
obeying the law but trying to help the government. This 
will not weaken their determination. It will only encourage 
law breakers and add to the cost of enforcement. In short, 
throw your vast influence on the side of your government 
and not against it. Help the government in the carrying out 
of this 'great social experiment noble in purpose and far- 
reaching in results' or at least don't encourage active re- 
sistance to your own government." It would seem that 
those who have supported a discredited position could at 
least do this much. 

Nine Years of Prohibition 

The Eighteenth Amendment became operative nine years 
ago Its administration has certainly not been all that law- 
abiding people desire; and yet. Dr. Ernest H. Cherrmgton, 
general secretary of the World League Against Alcoholism, 
has the following to say by way of a review of the present 
situation: "The Congress which will sit March 4 is the 
dryest deliberative political body ever elected in the history 
of the world. The gentleman who will be inaugurated 
President of the United States on that day is fully pledged 
to and whole-heartedly in favor of prohibition and its com- 
plete enforcement. The incoming Vice-President, as presi- 
dent of the Senate, is bone dry. The people of the United 
States have the right to expect not only that the national 
prohibition laws will in no wise be weakened by Congress 
but also that they will be rigidly enforced by the incoming 


Ultimate Test of a Minister 
What is the ultimate test of a minister? Is his value as a 
minister of the Gospel revealed by his educational ad- 
vantages, his degrees or some other test? Education and 
degrees may be important, but one of our exchanges thmks 
that the most significant test is personal. " If he is the 
right kind of a person he will never be satisfied to rest in 
ignorance. He will cultivate the scientific spirit and use 
unsparingly the scientific method of going to the. bottom of 
everything. He will cherish a warm, evangelical faith which 
is Christ-centered, and will guard against the tendency of 
loading his ministry down with medieval miracle or with 
modernistic naturalism. He will keep close to the people 
bv being one of them in sympathy and understanding and 
service He will be able to inspire others to love, to think, 
to serve He will get results in winning people to Christ 
and in enlisting an increasing number of his members in 
the enthusiastic support of the whole church program local 
denominational and interdenominational He will have the 
confidence and respect of his brethren in the ministry of 
the community in which he lives and labors and of all who 
know what a true minister of Christ should be. 


SoeeMtlonB for tho Weekly Devotional Mcetlne Or (or 
Prayerful, Prlvato Meditation- 

Downtown Churches 
The swift development of American cities brings such im- 
portant population shifts and changes that downtown 
churches have come to present a great problem. The church 
hat is left stranded in the middle of a business &«*-£ 
obviously do some adjusting if it is to carry on. O course 
i, is usually possible to sell the old plant, or rather the 
valuable ground upon which it stands for enough to pu 
up a new structure out in some suburb But this ,s not 
meeting the religious need of the business community 
Hence of recent years there has been developed a new type 
C downtown church. The site is developed conuner * 
or as a business proposition. Perhaps a great office bu. d 
L is erected on the old church site but space reserved fo 
"church somewhere in the structure. The new type of 
bu Id ng solves the finances of such a church, making po - 
sMe the funds for the type of program required by the 
hanged environment. This new type of downtown church 
may even yield so much revenue that there is much to 
"are for use in financing church work in other parts of the 
tty Thus there are now a number of conspicuous ex- 
amples of downtown churches that have come back fiuan- 
Z in a way that makes it possible for them to serve a. 
the old site in a new and more efficient manner. 


Psa. 42: Si 2 Tim. 4: 6-8 

For Week Beginning January 27 


Earthly hopes are always vain. The best two men that 
ever lived-one died on a Roman cross and the other fell 
beneath the Roman's ax. Everything earthly is exposed 
to moth, rust and thieves (Psa. 42:5; Rom. 5:2; 1 Peter 

We can not answer this. We can not know fully the 
content of our hope, but we can know the certainty of it. 
God is unspeakably, unthinkably good-and all this good- 
ness is for his children (Rom. 8:35-37; 2 Tim. 4:6-8). 

Some would say that the hope of heaven is selfish. It 
may indeed become so. But if what I hope for is assured to 
others as well (2 Tim. 4:8b), and if my hope sustains mc 
in unselfish service, hope is not selfish (Heb. 6:11. 12). 

Earthly success tempts us to overconfidence. Apparent 
failure drives toward despair. We need an anchor em- 
bedded in God's unchangeable power and purpose to hold 
us steady against the changing winds of circumstance (Heb. 

Have you not known him? He is always on the verge of 
wealth. He assumes obligations he can not meet. He is 
improvident and foolish in his business and justifies Inmsell 
in the hope that good fortune lies just around the corner. 

Love God and menl Love abides. It is the greatest 
thing that abides. By love you unite your life with Gods 
(1 John 4:7, 12, 13, 16). 

Should we ever stop praying for the salvation of some 

Are there any visions and dreams too good to be hoped 
and prayed for? R- H. M. 

Jerusalem in the Time of Christ 
Some ruins of the Jerusalem of the time of Christ are be- 
ing uncovered today. The British School of Archeology 
of Jerusalem has completed excavations uncovering rooms 
believed to have been used as the burial place of kings. 
Also walls, a cistern, streets and the ruins of ancient houses 
buried far below the present level of Jerusalem s street 
have been found. Interesting as it ,s to uncover stones 
whi h the Master may once have touched, it ,s even more 
important that the Spirit of Christ may he revealed in 
Christian character today. 

It Takes More Than a Company 

Recent interest in stocks would seem to indicate that the 
investing public has great faith in corporations as money- 
maker However, it takes more than a company to win 
profit ' Perhaps i, will be news to some readers to know 
he number of companies which do not earn profits or 
which arc actually operated at a loss, ,s not much less than 
the number reporting profits for any given i year. Thus 
during the year ending Aug. 31, 1928, some 249,847 United 
States corporations reported profits for the period white 
2 3,006 made nothing or operated a. a to» Roughly - ther 
were four no profit companies to every five more or less 
successful companies. The successful companies reported a 
i ,e over JsAoOO.OOO in ne, profits |or >hc year in que . 
tion- against this must be charged deficits of $2 31 .434,000 
ncu red bv the no profit corporations. Corporate business 
a" a whole was thus operated for the year a a profit o 
approximately $5,700,000,000. I. should be added that the 
vear ending Aug. 31, 1928, is no exception, for the best two 
v as American business ever had, 1925 and 1926, show red 
,k ompanies as high as 41 per cent and 43 per cent re- 
ec ivTy of the total operating. In 1921, the worst busi- 
ness year since records are available, 52 per cent of the 
country /corporations operated a. no gain or with actual 
oss The real situation is no. as bad as it seems for sev- 
eral reasons. Thus it is apparent that the unsuccessful 
ompanies are generally the smaller concerns. And when 
consideration is given to the fact that almost anyone can 
"art a company, whether qualified or not, it is not to be 
wondered at that the failure rate is high. *!-,»* 
companies real profits may be taken as wages. But ,n any 
caTe it must be clear that it takes more than a company 
to make money. 

Census of Negro Religious Bodies 
The Department of Commerce has released the following 
figures covering Negro religions bodies in the United 
States- "According to the returns received, there were in 
fh 'united States in 1926, 42.585 churches with a Cotered 
membership of 5.203,487, as corned w, h», 9 churches 
and 4 602,805 members in 1916. I he total mr i^-v 
up of' twenty-four exclusively Colored denomma ion, w. h 
16 505 churches and 4.558,795 members, and 6,080 churches 
"b 6 6 2 Colored members in thirty White denomma- 
lot The corresponding figures for 19.6 £■£*£ ~ 

4,070.286 members, and 5,334 Negro uiu , 

members in twenty-one White £~£,J£* £ 

sr o° 'co^^embt ,r: *» ^ — 

W rwfre *5*« - -pared with $18,529,27 in .9,6. 

oi r :„ce"^ding norTCd foreign missions.^ denom, 

„ational support, and for all «» ^J^with 

Srso'997 in' iJio. ThUitemlncludes' any building used 
$8r.,8Uy,v/u i" I'*" . + „„„,hcr with the land on 

ma i„.y for rcli gious seme ... o *« ^. ^ „ y 

r/rvicesJ those used for social or organization work 
connection with the church. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 19, 1929 

The Signs of the Times 

Inda, alone, in one »»■ 

Le occurred in the last ten ye*s ^ 

Another sign Jesus — ed i v, s P** ^ ^ 

millions of persons per shed o o{ mg 

nionia in twelve weeks t,medu™gt ^ 

It has heen said that ^^ .„ many «. 

deadly than the war 1 wasan . P disease . In 

^t^ S «or rafa ndbro k eou, m ysteri- 

oul in sJ P s2,«X) miles from 1^ 

have increased ,000 per ^ prescnt t , me 

rnrrr^he— ^esthatta k e P ,aceina 

dayaU0Ver d n:, , rl these are the beginning of sor- 
JES " S T Matt i-9 15, he enumerates many other 
r g5 that a^gUd before our very eyes 

^ theon ginaiaree k t, r .s^d,n^ ; 
"What shall be the sign of the end 

"••™***Z£Z seo^d advent, but the 
The age will close with the se least , 

world is to continue for over a thousand year 
whi ch will be the millennia peno. Bs answe _ 

^y=^^, but raLthe events 

T^n'ttr. Many shall run to and 

In Dan. U.t, ™ c '"■ . ,„ u/hen? In 

fro , an d knowledge ^ ™te Z people 

fteend-time. Nev was te - ^ 

Were :l* Wt the advent of the automobile 
iir^achine people are ^ » - = 
n f the earth. When our grandparents wu 

Unbelief is rap.dly on the increase. « 
poise, there must be a change. The ™ es 
has riven us are too greatly used against him Ihus 
■ ecomes imperative that Christ should come tack W 
take care of this condition. He tells us But as the 
days of N« were, so shall also the coming of the Son 
c L « fMatt 24-37). In those days men were 

"ng the C SS °* Goi and the earth was full of 
olence The same conditions prevail today. Men 
hav come to the place where they have no compunc- 
tion of conscience about anything. Our civilization is 
tottering as it was before the flood. 

In 2 Tim. 3:1-5, we read: " This know also that 
in the last day perilous times shall come, ^or men shall 
be lo v rs of 11 own selves, covetous, boasters proud, 
blasphemers, disobedient to parents unthank ul un 
holy without natural affection, tiebreakers false a 
cuse s incontinent, fierce, desp.sers of those that are 
od traitors, heady, highminded, lovers o P easu- 
more than lovers of God; havmg a form of godhnew. 
but denying the power thereof: from such turn 
!way " What a hideous picture! It is the picture Go 
saw of the end-time. We are now living ,n ,ust such 

3 He^ys: " Men shall be lovers of their own selves/' 
We are studying self-development, new thought Set 
your will like a flint to be the thing you want to be. 
and you will be it." The emphasis is on self and thu 
men leave God out of life. Some are teaching it is all 
our mind— that we are God. 

We are living in a covetous age. Whatever some 
one else has we want; and, in many instances we set 
out to get it no matter what the cost. Covetousness 
is back of many of the worst crimes of our day. 

The - boasters, the proud and the blasphemers " we 

have all about us. disobedient to 

Isn't it a fact that children arc £0 ^ ^^ 

parents now than ever before? _JLney Jn 

for their parents or anything they ™^ the 

far too many cases ,kcy are running th ho m , ^ 
parents. The spirit of the times has * g P P ^ ^ 

P young folks, and ^ ^^.eaned in 1926, 
their destruction. TheJdtow. g ^ 

are wormy of notice^ The ag {our t0 

becoming delinquent has fate i " ^^ and 

sixteen within six years. n 'f . the . scar let 

working girls in their teens - -« acking tho se 
woman 'among delinquent . !» a , anning 

who sow their ■ wild oats at an uacreas ^ 
ra te. Greater increases are stowninou 
women than among men. The you n 

mu ch younger than the £«*»£. £* ten t0 six- 
th"* for our physicians to tr a ^ ^ rf 
teen years of age. Six > ears ai > f To . 
delinquency among our P*"*"™^£ twe ,ve and 
day it is sixteen, with ^Televen ^ with one 

^menTth^-r ^"t^J* 

Wta ,l XlTd TST^XitrV, men are 
^T^on.mena. — -ome 

alone, who are un faith ul. Now q{ 

pitiful is the condition of many a chid 

Tome position that she has deprived some honest home- 
loving husband and father from having. 

We are told men shall be "truce breakers, false ac- 
cuses incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are 
"od " These conditions are the cause of much crime 
good. me "Incontinent "means 

to"" "ow rrelT. We see it on every han* 
How fine it is to once in a while meet a person wh 
"a„ds like a rock in the power of Jesus, one who will 
not bend for any of the calls of the world. 

"Despisers of those whoare good "-the men and 
women who profess a life of victory in Jesus today are 
LTd despised and counted off-scourings by the people 

"£££ accusation is: "Traitors ;, heady high- 
minded lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God 
Ling a form of godliness but denying the pow 
thereof " People of our day are pleasure mad. They 
entry hither and thither throughout the length and 
oread* of our land in quest of one thmg-pleasu e. 
Our theatres are packed and our churches are empty 
There was a time when churches took a stano against 
Teatres and all things of that nature but thatday is 
long since past. The Devil has succeeded in putt n it 
over and the professing Christian „ often *»»»»*» 
theatres and like places, instead of the « on Sun- 
day evenings. "levers of pleasure more £«*"" 
of God'" Yes, we see it on every hand. When Sun- 
day morning dawns we see folks going in every direc- 
tion with their autos laden with things of all descrip- 
tions, bent on spending the day in whatever manner 
pleases them, instead of spending their time and energy 
in God's service. How sad! When evening comes 
these same folks wend their way homeward too Med to 

attend divine service, Thus another day ^sacrificed 
to pleasure. How it mus tj neve he g ^ 

heart of God, who provides their all, 

thereof '' Much of the «££££?££. 
day is form, just as ,t was n I ra sU 

^ rrC^h^r our worship and 
"^o^^stoPalesti.— rsignof 
our times. God's pronouncemen wa that HtaJ ^ 
cause of his disobedience, should ^ be scatty B 

all nations and so it came to pass, ho 

of their own all these years, he ta« ^neve 

J that thev are still his ancient people and a God 
proof that tney are other 

termarnage. Italian, rra 

gone but the Jew remam s^ In Egy pt h^ w 

Hi ranks among the foremost in business, ,n education 
and finance. The answer is God. 

The Old Testament contains many prophecies con- 
cerning the return of the Jews to Palestine. In the 
"first chapter of Jeremiah we have a wonderfu, 
picture of the restoration of Israel. 

During the World War the Turkish flag passed ou 

of p" lestine and Great Britain's flag now waves in its 

tea^l Uh Lately the Jewish flag will take its place 

Tlie Zionist movement in 1925 was the most significant 

f he times The movement showed intensity 


Palestine as immigrants, in that year. Nearly three 

^""ilding; drainage of swamps, building of 
factories and the development of the Rutenberg el - 
ric scheme. In the past few years the Jews have in- 
v ted $10,000,000 in industrial undertakings m Pale - 
tin It is said 175,000 Jews have returned to their 
Intry. The ancient language has beer .restore and 
Hebrew is now a living tongue m_ the^ terf. K^te 
ing taught to the children in the schools. The Hebrew 
University at Jerusalem was formally opened by Lord 
Ba" ou April 1, 1925, and is becoming the center of a 
ereat sysVem of Zionist schools. In all these activities 
r eem to be facing the true beginning of prophetic 
fulfilments that will end in the reahzat.on of Israels 
restoration and the Lord's return. 

Since the World War 56,000 Jews have been bap- 
tised " Some ninety rabbis and educated leaders who 
have become dissatisfied with Judaism,^ have mqmr, rf 
as to their prospects should they abandon Judaism. 
Their hearts are hungry and God is working among his 

^revrval of the Roman empire, which seems to be 
clearly predicted in the book of Revelation, is fast be- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1929 


coming a reality under the leadership of Mussolini. He 
is the recognized head and executive of Italy. It is 
said no living man holds the power that is now his. 
Some time ago the newspapers carried the following 
report- "Dictator Mussolini's two-and-a-half hour 
speech, in which he pictured the Italy of ten years 
from now, overflowing with humanity, armed with the 
most perfect weapons of modern science and capable 
of throwing 5,000,000 men on the battlefield between 
1935 and 1940, is one of the most^ remarkable state- 
ments ever uttered by a statesman." 

" History records no similar instance of a head of a 
government predicting and apparently inviting conflicts 
within fixed dates. The Italian people had expected 
something unusual, but nothing so breath-taking as 
what they got. They were struck dumb when they 
realized he was preparing for a decisive trial of 
strength within ten years." 

In this speech he laid before their eyes a panorama of 
future history in which he was the supreme figure. He 
considers that destiny has appointed him as the man to 
purify the soul of Italy. He has announced that he 
will shortly ask parliament to pass a set of laws every 
paragraph of which shall be obeyed. The handshake 
has given place to the Roman salute. All except Fascist 
papers have been banned. "Twelve million dollars 
annually has been voted by the cabinet as the govern- 
ment's contribution to the city of Rome to be used in 
the work of restoring the ancient grandeur of the 
capital in accordance with Mussolini's plans." 

Students of prophecy tell us these events transpiring 
in and around Rome are playing a very important part 
in the signs of the times and that we are approaching 
very near to the end of the age. 

In Revelation, chapters two and three, a history of 
the church is given which covers some 1,900 -years. 
The last stage described is the Laodicean period. Most 
plainly does it appear that we are now there. The 
description fits us exactly. All the other periods have 
come and gone. There are none to follow, for the 
Laodicean period brings us to the end of the age. 
Since it seems that we are now in that period it follows 
that we are very near the end-time. How sad that 
so many folks who are living so near this event are in 
the dark, never having heard a sermon on this subject, 
and therefore they have no interest in the grand climax 
of these events, the second coming of Christ, to which 
God, angels, prophets and holy men of all ages, have 
looked forward for thousands of years. 

Elgin, III. « ■ 

" Never Too Poor to Pray, Never Too Weak 
to Win" 

(Continued From Page 39) 

anguished soul, and enfold her in my little arms, in 
that trying hour," he wrote. When she had sufficiently 
recovered to be about, she was called upon to face one 
of her greatest trials, that of being turned out of 
house and home. What of the family possessions that 
had not been taken for debt, were borrowed and stolen. 
Without knowing where to go, mother and child 
started out in one of the worst of blizzards. He writes : 
" I can see my mother wringing her hands and crying, 
' God of the widow and the fatherless, has it come to 
this? Oh, cruel stroke, oh, worse than death, save us 
from this fate.' " 

Pulling a little hand-sled on which was their only 
possession— a small sack of meal, the two struggled on 
until arriving at the grave of the late husband and 
father, the frail over-taxed woman sank exhausted in 
the deepening snow. " I can go no farther, my poor 
heart is breaking, I will die here." Alarmed the lad 
sprang to her side, crying, " No, you must not die. I 
will grow to be a man and will take care of you. If 
you die I will have no mother." As she swooned she 
repeated twice, "No mother." The driving wintry 
wind seemed to moan, " No mother." The snow-birds 
chirping in the brush echoed, " No mother." The 
gathering darkness seemed to foreshadow the desola- 
tion of a little boy with " no mother." Night coming 
on, the blizzard increased in intensity ; the birds sought 
shelter in the friendly bushes. But none were near to 
shield a helpless child from the pitiless and bitter cold. 

It was indeed a precarious situation for a lad of his 
tender age to be in. But the " God of the widow and 
the fatherless " was there. On recovering conscious- 
ness, the mother rallied and said: " Those were brave 
words, my boy, brave beyond your years. I will live 
and for you, my son. God will help me and with God 
to speed the right, there is no such word as fail." Then 
it was he heard for the first time the striking words 
which he was destined to hear many times in future 
trial and distress : 

" Never too poor to pray, 
Never too weak to win." 
Thus out of great tribulation and a mother's heart- 
break was this courageous sentence born. Often when 
the days were indeed full of " life struggle," when that 
brave heart grew faint and the shadowy hand wavered, 
these words came to the rescue, enabling her to so 
prevail and to shape her son's course, that he arose out 
of what seemed every disadvantage, to become one of 
the foremost religious leaders of his time— friend of 
the friendless, builder of churches, founder of institu- 
tions of mercy which still endure to bless the world, 
and all dedicated to the memory of that heroic mother 
and her " shadowy hand." 
Green Ridge, Mo 



Rachel Fesler Snowberger passed away at her home in 

Anaheim, Calif., Nov. 19, 1928, aged eighty-two years, seven 

months and twenty-four days. She had been in fading 

health for the past two years ; 

however, the end came quite 


Sister Snowberger was born 
in Rockingham County, Va., 
March 25. 1846, moving to In- 
diana with her parents in 
1865. She was married to 
Eld. Geo. W. Fesler in 1868 
and to this union were born 
two sons. The family moved 
to Colorado in 1881 where the 
husband died in 1894. In 1896 
she was united in marriage to 
Eld. A. C. Snowberger. They 
moved to California in 1911. 

She was an active member 
in the Church of the Brethren 
since she was fifteen years of age, her life being devoted 
to loving service for others. She with her husband. Eld. 
A C. Snowberger, served four years superintending the 
Honev Creek Brethren's Old Folks' Home in Indiana. They 
also opened and served for many years the home at Green- 
ville Ohio Later they served under the Mission Board ot 
Middle Iowa in the Des Moines City mission work They 
also spent a year in evangelistic work in the middle west 
Since coming to California their church home was with 
the Santa Ana congregation. Peter F. Fesler. 


Elizabeth Allwein Forney, wife of Bro. Roy S. Forney 
of East Petersburg. Pa., was a daughter of Brother and 
Sister Irwin Allwein of Palmyra, Pa. She was born Nov. 9, 
1903. and died in the Lan- 
caster General Hospital Nov. 
12, 1928, aged twenty-five 
years and three days. 

Her death was caused by a 
fractured spine received on 
the morning of Nov. 8 when 
she slipped and fell on the 
walk in front of her home. 
On Nov. 10 she was taken to 
the hospital in convulsions 
and never regained conscious- 

Brother and Sister Forney 
met and became friends while 
attending Elizabethtown Col- 
lege, and were married April 
20, 1924. They lived in East 
Petersburg and served our 
church in the capacity of the 
ministry. Sister Forney has served well in the home and 
church and we feel a great loss. She is survived by her 
husband, one step-daughter and two daughters. 

Funeral services were held in the Petersburg Brethren 
church by Brethren Frank Carper and H. H. Nye. Burial 
was made in Graybills cemetery near Petersburg. 


Inasmuch as it has plorf our heavenly Father to remove from u, 

our much helovcd sister and coworker, Elisabeth A. Forney, be ,t 

rescued by the Young Mother's Class ol the Church ol the Brethren. 

East Petersburg, ol which she wa, president the past year: 

First, that we bow to his wilt, not understanding his purpose; we 
shall say, not our will but thine be done. 

Second, that we hereby express our deepest sympathy to llrjnltl 
and husband, our ministering brother, with whom she labored so 
earnestly "or the church. Sunday-school, Aid Society, family and 

Third that we leel keenly the loss ol her presence and assistance 
ard wfli always cherish in our memory her noble example, and renew 
our diligence in the cause io, which she so willingly aerved. 
Class Committee: 
Mabfe Myer, Clara Landls, 

Elva Gingrich, Fannie Weaver. 

East Petersburg, Pa. 

S. Clyde Weaver. 

Anaheim, Calif. _ 

I recently read with interest in the "Gospel Messenger" 
of Dec 29 about the first reunion of the conscientious ob- 
jectors of the World War as held in New Windsor Md last 
Armistice Day in which Camp Lee seems not to have been 
represented. However, the Camp Lee C. O s are still n 
evidence. On Oct. 23, 1928, I received a letter from an old 
Camp Lee friend, Bro. Ord L. Strayer from Vienna, Va., 
near Washington, D. C, saying that on Sunday evening. 
Oct '8 he expected to be at my home to spend the night 
and suggested that Bro. Roscoe Reed and myself try and 
arrange a meeting of Camp Lee C. O's. I was two days 
focating Bro. Roscoe Reed, so our time was somewhat 
limited in arranging the meeting. 

We made the effort, however, and had a wonderful meet- 
ing for so short a notice. All came who were invited, ex- 
cept three. Of course these were all local people except 
Bro. Strayer, as the time was too short to invite those 
farther away. m . 

Including our immediate families and two visitor, , (my 
next door neighbors), there were about seventy-five .people 
p esent-including the children. We had no defin. e pro- 
gram arranged, but we had a genuine good old-fashioned 
ESy reunfon. The boys sang together the good old songs 
we used to sing in Camp Lee. 

Our reunion was short but full of brotherly love and hap- 
piness. We are hoping to have a more complete reunion 
„ the near future, possibly during this coming year. 

, ,, H. C Spangler. 

Roanoke, Va, 


David H Kindig. .on ol Elias and Bettie Wine Kindig, was born 
in Augusta Coonf,. Va, May <». «&. and lived with his parent ^or^S'il™'^ 

died in infancy. His companion passed away Feb. 19, 1V-S. riuee. 
grandchildren are left by him. 

Early in life Bro. Kindig united with the Church o Mb^sjtta. 
and <...i T dto.h[.lt»b«™y';' the « ■ ■ ^ o| 

"r",eacT, in iff. w». «o subscribe for ,he » Gospel Messenger" 
lor a period ol two'year. tha, hi, chddren may read .1 the progress 
of the church when he i» gone. . 

The greater part ol his life was spent on the (arm ,„ central,, 
iiic B |villil i*«.v _ i.-—.- ;,, i^irplcn, nnil was cartel 

■r--*, rstt F^id" srptiLTc.ndiS t ™u',vs.« 

the winter months » ' * 10 ™"- " " " / u ,, approached his 

SSTS ^h^L'morr-'ten's'' "Ai'tugh in the f»|— j 
of those who ministered unto him. the trip was loo great- H ^ ar, ved 
°„ Orlando. Fla, on Christmas Day at the home of h , son-m law 

otAS" S three £ l^.W^" T^tf ~- » 

and 11 days, he quietly pasied away. .... 

By his rcues. hi, body wiil he ^^^^S'^'^ 
come. Then it will be taken o -'™ "°™ ££££1 b y the 
„S\e h ,r plaigTtt M^TS-i Pisco £ B*-^ 

Sebring, Fla. ___^ 


u . >f rir nn.l Mrs P. B- Fitiwater 

Joseph K ■ eldest '™. ^' JV, 1,"" dy kiiied Nov. 14 

^\ eV-" 'aoouf .» re™ov'e' to' Akron, where he had accepted a 
,e,„.n"b.e Position a. sate.managcr for the Fng.daire Company m 

Akron, Ohio. Evanston, III, before the 

A brief service was held n the I or, P ,„iden< 

body wa. removed to Ohio for Mrml. ux. 1 assisted by Dr. 

t "" rr"h„r„ e, p.:,t°.Mh Buena Memorial church, and by Prof. 
"Z'Jl BiUiS'. who sang two appropriate and comforUng song 

ri the dec ".eo! and public services were afterward I in the 
lii'iYd d pr«by,eri,n *-*,*£- gg^, ,S 2SVS 
r£ea,^d L r h ". Knox" Monger Resident of Muskingum 

^'r^ interment was'.. E. SJSTS£ 

graduate,. '""™"' ,„ mpbrT habits, clean Christian character 

He was a young man ol exetnpia y lhQje rtD 

nave"" swfiS'SSt ftfsS** »*. •»« - »■ 

gone to he with Chn.t. — have been abundantly 

^"£",0 tlTere.^ X Sending to. these assurance, 
expressed to the «"»« Sa ,„da, morning Institute assembly on 
Dr. F.tsw.ter spoke at the Saturday ^ b , turned 

S^'.^ywhe^rhfcb are here pre.en.ed in p.,-. 
by former siuae , opportunity to express 

«.V-S"S^ °«»~S".he aincere gratitude ol Mr.. F,U- 
(Continued on Page *) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 19, 1929 


.Continued From Pag. CT 

Bro C. C. Hawbecke 
appreciated address ■ 

Souih Bend, 

, mission church, the 
ark by one member 

nent. . ... t|,„ rlisoensary attend- 

The nurses finished a course of stud, on q( 

Acls . As a review each - w ^ >J^ „ dilablt papers 
thcir own choosy. « had sorne v ^ ^ 

ay ": ^ »kt B Teri=: oj'studies on Persona! Work. 
Barbara M. Nickey. 

n inspiring and much 
.1 Uk-.-rUy Welborn, 

£7 Ind. Jan. 7. 

oI ,he hoard acting as elder . W to. q ^..^ ^ ,.,,„„ elder.- 
board in this meeting - 

Orvilla Ziglcr. Portland, Ind., Jan. =• 

IOWA whicl , 

Crrh-n-Christma. eve .he Sundai .-school I gave • pro,^ ^ 

.„ cn,oy=d by all. The eh, Mr. JJ™ ™J ,■„,„„ „,„. They .» 

young people helped by ■«'« J „„,„;, filled on .Sunday 

furnished several specra. -g.. W^-FranCCS ,,„„,, Garr „o„. 

/ed by 

_j inn bv letter since our 


. „o more has been recci' 

Minneapolls-Since our last report one ^ flu ^atonic „„, 

baptism and three by Id" °» "£„ " 1Ul ,d.nce is much reduced 

1 "? o/'Sr faithful deacon b«,h«n 

individual " m ™?™V Ow love feast 

lunicants were 

few visiting nicmb. " 

lVb nre ariiteful that 
prevalent sickness. V 


., J» 

. 7. 


, CALIF h°f?N,^, «,.„ Bro. S. O. Lehm.r 

1„ baptism, also .wo by letter, isos. our 6 „, elder, 

tll-day Dro. J- P. D.ckc, of "*«^"™, spc „, i„ listening 

preached the morning «™on. "' "r,' ,,„., „, ,he three mission, m 

o various speakers, giving the Past "is , i(m w ,„ ch „„ 

di«ere„. P»r.s ol the «' ^» „ „ Heigh., mission 

,,,,r.ed.hirt. y-ars ago; Santa Fcm.™„ ^ „ d 

which finally cnlmtnafd "- Jhe ( Be.v ^ ^ ^ „, , 

i it'lit years ago- me ' ,~\, P .-ourauc and Liicrcase ou 

h'ftlul one. in the P».l help » . » ak. co r.g ^ ^ 
eftort, for the salvation ol souls , 8 ,„,. tht evening 

the first supported pas.or atSa« a ie ,,„„ on ,he ..,- 

«"■ -Vtendance a. a. >^ "tring ,b. du epidemic in Decern- 

crease the las. lew mouths, i , , h( , coming year were 

ber. Church and Sunday-school ^"'^^ B „. J. E. Steinour 

elected a. I he business "' " JV, clerk, and Bro. L. M, D»»en"or I. 
was chosen elder; Bro. J H.« one ^^ ,,as been 

Sunday-school .up.nn.endenb The M ^ Emmo G 

doing good work thi. year. A. .he '" , c( , wl , h a ,h„ r , program 

was chosen president. Christmas was f o y| wed by a splendid sermon 

the close a white g,l. offering « a. , I ak > di ., lri b„,ed on .he 

ca.h offering and numerous P -kag . ^ ^ ^^ 

following day among those not so wen i 

^'ST-MarTa E. Ba ar., Los An, .... C> M J. ^ ^ 

Fre». church me, ,n counc Dec - ^J ™ , „ Sunday -school 
were added by le.ler. We are glad to repo ^ childrcn -, division 

is growing in interest and attend nee Dec ^^ 

,„e their Christmas program helore a larg = „„taB. Jan. 6 

,,,„g. Dec. 2... the eh.i, rendered v^ - r ■ • ^ ^ „ ,,„ 
,h, depu.a.ion team Irom U Verne Coueg. 
, program.-lva Hofl, Fresno. Caltl.. Jan. a. 
A.«-b.-Bro. J. O. Click ..arted ,,»l meeting he^ Dec .^4 
which on account ol sickne., closed for *» ^ „„„„ ,„ 

meetings were opened again. There were tuents ^ c]j ^ sjx , y . nc 

Colo., Jan. 2. — Rirkin ol Wiley presided. 

McCbv. church met in eounc.l Jan. 5. Bro. Birkm ^o :\ 

IT .,:^. ^hcVcp,;Sc<n,cSeI tiS^r^..^- 
„e were able to have a shorl program anyway. Uecause 

I} ?< rToTicr.^otr.cS™prir S haTe ^^2 
meetmes -Mrs W. H. K.ncaid,, Colo., Jan. 9. 

"rcW F„d church me, in -^"-"."JS* jETJS 
elecled lor the year: Bro. Roy Miller, reelected eraer 
Tro.tle. » Messenger » agent; the write, nrtap ^ndent BY. lr^U. 
iresident. Bro. Gale. Baker. Si nee ouM a. '«- three let! er.^^^ 
been granted and seven reee.ved. »»»■"" v „, ,pi,i,ual 

Day. Our pa.,0,, Bro. H.rv .e, Ho.te. «r «a«e us r^ ^ 

message. An invitat.on wa, „,.„ a, d .- o « . ^ ^^ 

_a lather and mother In ■■■ «™"J ''" k „ (or McPherson 

ol Be.hany Bible School. An ..I S-.O «> »»' 
College, and lor Be.hany. (J1.3s. The . ^ 

.pecial Thanksgiving off ering w, SU Dec « o » » ^ ^^^ 

church ™£'^Y„at^»" S"y P ;°o J„se„h. A number who 
"ea.'.en, , g Mcp'hetson College were home lor the holiday, and on 
are attending a , ,„, I mus.c. 

Sunday evening. Dec. vj. tnt> a ntcrest m 

which was much eujojed. We are glad to repo« a g 
both Sunday-school and church work.-Mrs. Jessie v. on , 

Se VC program S,m A,,e , ; , , B h;: the ChrLtma, sermon ... delivered y ■ . 

Kr°y'ou„ d g -isrxr. sss ssrs MJi^-. 

Their work was well done and a good impression was r 

Wester.— The Thanksgiving 
ber council ,he envelope sy 
church lor .be corning year. 
District missions, Bethany a 
at this council, namely. Gl 
Clarence Hogle. Due 
program was not give 
Mr. D. I. Meyers being cl -- 
,928 showed S425 taken in du 
,he Sunday-school year we 
offerings. Church atlendanc 

At the Deccm- 

jffcring amounted to S 1 
cm was decided upon lor financing ine 
cm "as n,,^, ,i,e assessment tor 

The budget includes the as ., ccte d 

, M, Moiris Four deacons were ciccie, 
Shell. Bay Smith, John Shell., and 
...'SSaal' . he roads, .h.C «» 

k n-" »^-"^ 

., he ye. For .he firs, of 

,. h,d a g«.d a."".'""" a»d ^n; 

„ also has be... good (or 

mon,h..-Mr.. B. W. Button, »». Io«a, Ja- »• ^ „ 

Ottumw. church held , .1 chumh .»«> « ,„,„ p„ k , 

Glo,lel,y ,.». reetatcd eld ; , te ^ te r » ^^ A ,„ W e„„cr. 

clerk; Sister Kat.e My.". Me seng. r « Work „ s . Society. Our 

correspondent and,,, «"™ „ a . A v .ry 

Sunday-school gave a ho. PW™. "^ c ,„, „« ., ol 

While Gift service al.o was field, eaci E R Mycr s, 

groceries. I" «« weekly prayer «J« «g g^, oI , h e Church; 

has been giving US some fine les sons on t £r> We ,,„. c ,,«„ 

these proved ol special benefit •■ « s0 much .iekne.s. 

hindered the past month tn ou. church act, 

—Mrs Anna Wcimer, Oltuniwa. fowa, j 

. Jai 



rs and special 
I again acl as 
isurer gave us 
year was paid, 
nd will be decided on 



. ■ pla, 
itil 10: 30 when 
Lory service 
anted to go i 

the dining 

ratch meeting. We had a social time 
were called into the audilcium where a 
held lor baptism, lor one of our Sunday • school 
ith the coming of the .New iear. 
room where a light lunch was 
auditorium, where singing and 
gi'vVn until ten minutes belore 12 o'clock, when 
all knelt in prayer. This was an informal prayer service. lasting 
until we had gone well over into the New Year. We sang a Wig, 
w" hedt-ach other a happy New Y«r and went to OtH ■*»» Mh»g 
fh.t the evening was well spent. iMHtan have h«n added 
by letter since our last report.-S. G. N-ckey. Sterling. Colo., Jan, i. 


Be*ch Grove.-As there was much sickness in our community, the 
Tl ^V -cvinK service was not so largely attended but we enjoyed 
I I, iTual bles S .ngs. Bro, Marion Norris delivered a wonder 1«| 

sermon in 'be mormng and praise serves were conduced in tlU 
at terno. jn - The Chr.s.mas program, given Dec. 23 wa» * B ' 1 "«>«£ 
Our rezulai council was postponed until Jan. 2. Bro. Wm. H. Heaver 
- — :. Beaver. Sunday-school superin- 

>( N 

tendent. We decided to organize 
Vernie Beaver. Pendleton, Ind., J 

Mexico.— Bro. J. Edson Uler 
Dec. 9 to conduct a campaign was i 
pelled him to close his work at th 
sermons with the good song service 
promise" of a good revival, as well 
evening, Dec. 23, Brother and Si; 
gave a very interesting lecture o 
which was much appreciated.—' 

. Y. P. D. 

i the ! 

• lutur 

Plymouth.— Und 
J- F. Appl 

by our neighboring '. 
Manchester. Nappari 

helpful program on 

>rlh Manchester who came to us 
rertaken by sickness which cont- 
end of one week. His splendid 
lircctcd by Bro. Roy Dilling gave 
[ for a harvest of souls. Sunday 
;r Winger of North Manchester 
their trip to the foreign fields 
A. Pugh. Mexico. Ind., Dec. 31. 
... the influence and inspiration ol our pMtor, »«>■ 
the laymen of the church organised a Mens WorK 
efficient work in the church. We were assisted 
en's Work organizations Irom South Bend. North 
■ and Elkhart who gave us a very splend.d and 
he Men's Work in the church. In the evening 

Butt Oak church n, in council Jan. 6 Ch 
committees were elected (or the year .Bro. J 
our elder. The solicitor on finances and th, 
a U fine report, noting that ****?*£& 

The call for District Meeting was aiscusw - i,, vcs t, R a 

■?'.."".'" .uture A «"«"«-"» ^.SSr "it" C Jarboe 
remodeling of ,he church or n, . B coming year. 

has been wi,h n, a year and has been re... f) ._, prly „ 

He has delivered fin. sermons .nd vorl i« a ""^ S wondeful .his year 
, Th. work of our Lad,.. A,d ha. oee, n 

and t he Aid is one ol the b,g suppo,,. of >hc cnu,cn 
Mohlcr. Burr Oak. Kan.., Jan. 8. r .„ r eb and Sunday-school 

Holbmd church me, in council Dec. 31. tl-ure s 

officers we,, elected for '>«»"".'.« '"^ *„ cor ,e,p.„d„.,. The 
tendenl: the wr.ter, Messenger » . , E , 7od w ho have 

budge, system was adopted .Elder and J re e,e«ed. Dec. 23 

so earnestly served us through "'"•"' >"' w Crl „ d ,, We are 

the gave a I»"j™^ Th J ™ N i c „demu. will begin a 
looking ;»rw.rd b| Apjd U ^^ K „,. „„. 7. 

"„^r.o:-l,,:.'w.T .-ke,, .J Hanson .J* ? *- 

„ i„,e,.s,,ng and -^S^,;---;; 

,Mege Durinu: November «e uaiciicii 

^S-ingcSS.^ho-rT r.mlra^n' ,.d foVl 

;E" S ,o B.;hIny'Se '"hool ,. ' f . A, Mh. regular husmes, mee„ng. 

Jnnrct tli'SvTjB r.r,n°lh. ht pr 
0-rade boys concerning the Week Day Bible Classes 

SLV ^h. ™"S- ta TeS^ h *0«7eor.»,u„ i on Ttnounced 

t-«rTlKdi,h bt r?.c" 6 .';cy F ' b McPher,o„, X...,..^ 

West Wicbi.»--On Sunday mo,n,og, Dec. J, >". » , ,„ 

. F „„'o, C pe"i.d m l't wa, an excel.... >^.%J^Fu^rS.™ 

:^,"pr.s^.'-up;el h ; ^ d ^,. ,s^- „o,k 
The Ladies' Aid r«c,n,lye.«.dn.w [ ffi cer, h w,,l, tjm|! ^ ^ ^ 


dent is Mr Everett M. Brubakcr. We are also E ' , / ff ■ „ s 


work-Mrs. M. D. Boyer. Wiclu.a. Kan.., Jan. 5. 
Wichita (First).-The chuceh me, in busine.^ Dee 

merit in creating missionary sentimeni. 


«. -. (o- .\ rt^n «. O Mote our pastor lor six years, closed 
hi,*". Sep. "hu eo».-mued To '.II ft.W« "■«» "ov. >■ K« : < 
Bro:*M r c k r.fn CP C: Shall „, Chicago ... ins.all.d a^ou, • he s. rvmc 


w iU be g,.a,ly appreciated. Nov. 13 about eighty members and riends 
Tn' a, fh. Skull Some in a house warming surprise «»—.»» 
Many useful gift. we,e b,ough, to help stock the pan„y and it was 
^7, evening Jor -£^^&TKat K 
beau.,full, presen ed ,h. pag.a n>. V ^^ csp „ la|ly 

H dTi„; Dec mbe,' W« * re glad .0 know that with all the gift 
r„ytformemb™,. hod no, ,orgo,,c„ their duty to the church .and 

lic^ccr, !L^=SJysrwl£ ."o^^^i^b: 

the junior, under the direction ol Sister Eunice Ta.rick; the Y. P. D. 
wiih M. M Chambers in charge, and the adulis with C. W. Sell 
;,,,or, in charge. Dec. 23 a splendid Christmas program was g,ven 
bv ,ht children during ihc Sunday -sthool hour. D.c. la B,o. J. L. 
Ov, hoi, on. ol ou, elderl, membes. died o. pneun.on.a wh, . en rout 
,„ Florid.. Ou, ,u,r,.rl, council was held Dec. 28 a, wl ,ch »» 
it wa. decided to give our assistant pastor. Sister Sell, a Ie 
cer,ihca,e lor the minis..,. Mrs. Sell wa. chosen as our evangel, > 
for a meeting .o begin March 24 ,c , unt, alter E, j«r, 0« 

;; e ;oS r ,o,^o 8 .o"g,::. b 'hS « & ,ccomp,i.h.d .«. ,.... 

..« us. Qui., recently 

the church lo, a„d ,s dra _ 

A, our las. business meet.nrj one 

pr'cs^ed ,he with ■«* 


present. W. were glad for >'<J™™, ' '„ e „ c hu,ch build 
The blue-prints arc bemg d™> >n or ^ ^ . 

«, ar. eagcly wading for rt« „,, „ 

budding program.-1-ola m. «> 



2?JS1£&£ "-JS iompl.,io„.-M,.. A. J. Vog„ Ver- 

saill.s. Mo...Ja„. S - rTH DAK OTA u , 

• ell Nov 1 At this time the church 

Ellison congregation mc, in c° u „ p] continuing as pastor 

was lor l...-™ »' ■'superintendent the Sunday-school. 
.„„! elder. Sis,., Mae mil sui ^ „.«,„.bl,. 

A„ opportunity be.og offered 1 ,. ^. • ^ a „ d „, c ,n.,rum.,. 

our young people »"° oM "" d . ,,■„,, "„ he used a, our annua bar. t 

hau"h. t E ™r; , LS"a,x™ I .g. trsc - o - 

„fT r gt.,ng"^nr'o, T r'An„ua -^» /^ J eUmT^ 
Su„„a, 8 'sch,;, C»nvcn,ion whic, he had^he^pri^g^^. 

SX-Bro^rhS^^'l^ng forward --"STaSZ. 

SSrl\° ? FS.r."°Ro°k "ak" X. Dak., Jan. 2. 


church. Bask, s Wtt and j c , ,,„ 

rurpos. D :^d;nc,„,G n K.B.ach^ 

!"" """'r,,, . Cld"n O.her Land., was given b, B- P">° 
Sci MinlsSa! l„s,„u,. o. Northe^ 
?k„n church Dec. 28-28 Ou, Cb, s,ma„ &< 

-"""'■ huid, al'soTad ^ Whi.e Gift sc„ 
^r,ak C cn"„ d Ihfp~, Plans, e now being 

• ■•-- little mission church.-M 


,nd M. 

he First 
B .,^n to the 
vith us for the 
Neher to the 

,-m illustrated 

,„_ held in 

-ogram consisted of a 

for the King. '"« 

number of baskets 

„>,s, for the enlargement 

Keller, Akron. Ohio. Jan. 1- 

, To All 

the primary depart 
Ashlaod City.-On Sjto"™^,*!^, und.r the , 
ol th. Sunday-school gave a very i J ^ A| , ht .,. 

lion ol lb. supe„n.cndent. Mrs. cm. ' ^ 

m.ssionar, offering was raken- In th. .*™£ Do „„ e , h e 

Cincinnati church held a ''"='"";"' d J dic ,tion ol ou, church ,t 

„29, mark, the tenth ann.versaf, rf the Jin „ a , the 

was decided to have an all-day ">«"?« „ v ,chho, chucches, and 

church Jan. 20. An inv.tat.on ,. extended to «e« ^ Sml , lay ., ch ool 
especally to lotmer pasiors a, d nc s^ ^ A| , he clos e 

SL IS? *f-. "^e'y £ heKla^arD'el S'^n 
;„ , he church basemen, Nov IS ,« ^^ .„e ? d.nee , 

realiaed a nca, sum. Our 5. in , ..> ■ ,„ ,„,„ a c„vi,,es lor and every *»>"»» ' „* w i„, E ld. R- N. Leather- 

Z ?"„gc^Kr'l.tir b : B Cin^a,, Ohio. Jan. J. 

For, McKinley.-r.ving n^a-tor^^st^alfj.;;. - n ^ W 
professor in one of Dayton ni B , jit „, e se rmons, including our 

we praise God lor u"«™> »„",' i^Mol choir wa, no. able .0 give 
for. On aceouul of >he »„. our la ,11 a,m ^ SD ,e„did Ireals ,n a 

the usual Christmas eanl.U. »"•"•, .he unselfish- 
pageant b, .he intermedtat J*™"™™' , ,,,„,. by the primary 
„,„ „, th. true spin of l •h"'''""- ^ .,/,,, ,,,;„„. T he childre, 
and junior departments, n , , , , c hool cl.sse 

by ».r»u. k.nd ol «" k thro ^ ^ ^ mrfi „, 
,„L"'Tl',rSo„ a ,h.rn Ohio E Sunday.scho„, Institute., held 

. Trot- 

.•„"od church, was ano.he, treat d«™g 

easy to find, on the Dayton — 

Our church. 






the holidays. 

ith their various i"-"""" 
vork for all. Our church is 
,y and bus line; we invite 
itn us -Beulah Eikenbcrry. 

. 7. 

Dayton. Ohio. J 

Kent.-Oct. 2A our pastor, A. H. Mi -. 

„mei..ed. Thi, was lollo.ed b, 

larled meetings p.ior tc 
wectings five decided lor 
We wish to thank our 
J interest. We enjoyed 
ovo. Taylor Irom Louisv.lle 
, harvest Sunday Oct. -» 
,o. Miller has co ... mids^wc have tuj"^ ^ ^ 

Sec 1 we held our councl mce„,,g. It « '" ""'" ^'.„ ,,„„, of men, 
for the member, ol ■*. .Kent church »_. ^ corr „ p0 „ tol and „ Me- 

""^".'".eu. -Il" [fox, Ke„t, Ohio, Jan. <. 

Officer, o, ^fitilSfs*^ .uperin.enden.; S .... 
mey.r, tld.ri Bro. Dale w.K.. ^ Vllltml 

Molli. Miller, of the " &lviii Ejr , 

president ol the »«»'VT A" sTser Carrie Meyers, ■•Messenger" 
SSJTtf !S* ~rr.,p D ondc S n, -Ha C ,.ic Kettimon, Lima. Ohm. 

1 Oakland church he.d "«*,■', -"JS^ H.'d »~5« 

E, O. Norri, ol 1 «., c g ^ ,„ c mBm ». rtt d. 

and helplul mes.agcs ho,h lo .he ="■"•"'> evening during ,hc meC.ngs 
Seven were born in.o the k"J« d om. One socU1 Mow , hio ,, 

our Ladies' A,d served a chicken iU PPe Ch ,i,tm.. we had 

well a, the meal ... «WJJ* J, ^ L J" « bj. ^^ ^^ 
a splendid surprise one Sunday morni. . ^^^^ f ^^ Brj Win 

planted around our churchbousc , L program was given. 

Toman. Sunday evening. Dee. -J. s ■ c rf the m> ,„ 

the them, ol which wa,. Wo.ld g^™^ 1 '.^, ft. Star Shone 
feature, .on the prog :ram was th JW» ; ^ ^ cto „ , , 
An oftenng wa, M.ed lor, „ presented «,th 

rSn «T.''*a o, ^precation by .he churcb.-Ru.h M. 
N.b.r, Getly.burg. Ob,o. Jan. W Ch „,ch and Sunday 

Ro„ church convened ,. . e.unc.l on D.c . 2» Chut ^.^^ 

;JS £'T.cVr^.,ar.,t Sunday-school; Mary 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1929 



r<l with 

helped organize the 
iShankster was chosen president. 
Christmas program on Dee. 20. They 
Sister Eva Whisler, president.— Mrs. 



Redmond, " Messenger " correspondent and agent. Dec. 8 we had an 
encouraging vis.t from onr District worker, Brc, John 
Wieand and Bro. G. A. Snider. Dec. 23 we enjoyed a lecture by Bro. 
Virgil Finncll— Mary Redmond. Mendon, Ohio, Jan. 7. 

Silver Creek church met in council Dec. 1. We did not have a love 
[east .Ins it5 but a number .1 onr member, attended the .— ™ 
at the Lick Creek church. Nov. 15 Bro. Weaver gave .chalk talk 
a, the Hickory Grove ho„,e and on Nov. 16 at the Walnut Grove 
house Nov. 4 the Byler lamily gave a program at each house winch 
was well received. Nov. 6 Bro. Finnell gave an illustrated lecture on 
,he cigarette habit at the Walnut Grove bouse. Dec. 3 Bro . H. M. 
Coppock ol Tippecanoe City. Ohio, began m.e.mgs at the Hickory 
Grove hon.e and continued until Dec. 16. He preached the 
power and the church wa, .lengthened. Two accepted Ch 
Savior and were baptized. Bro. Coppock 
men's work at this place. Brc 
The Sisters' Aid Society had 
reorganized at this time wit 
Ottie Fisher, Pioneer, Ohio, Jan. 5, 

Bartle«ville.-We held our regular quarterly mecti 
The church officers for the coming year remain 
R Pitzer elder- E W. Burchficld. secretary; Mccnger ........ 

and correspondent, the writer. One ol the outstanding events ol this 
neetinE wis that the church most unanimously decided to taKe up 
tithing for the coming year. Wc feci that this will prove a great 
blessing t o the individuals as well as to the church We ate all 
rejoicing over the bright outlook for the work here.-Jno. R. I Hzer, 
Bartlesville, Okla., Jan. 4. 

Oklahoma Clly.-We have been busily engaged in the budding ol 
our new church basement; its completion is expected before March 1. 
that being about the date planned for a series of meetings. Bro. 
S Z. Smith, who is doing District work, has been engaged as evan- 
gelist Our love feast will "be held at the close of the meetings. 
A business meeting was held Dec. 16 when the following officers were 
elected: Clerk, Cullcn Woolen; " Messenger" agent and corresponde. 
E J. Glover. The follow! 
office: J. E. Franks, Caller 
Christmas program was gi 
did well in the rendition 
melodies in keepi 
Okla., Jan. 5. 


Newberg church met in their last business meeting of the 
■-i with Eld. J. A. Reed presiding. There was not much t> 
come before the meeting as the election of officers had 
three months prior to this. Only a few changes were made .n the 
arranging of the offices for the coming year The members are work- 
ing together harmoniously and are giving liberally of their means to 
carry on the work. Bro. Reed as retiring elder spoke a few words of 
-,dmonition to the members to be their best and do their best as 

hiTdren of God Striving to inherit eternal life and as a flock under 
the care of the new elder. Leander Smith-Mrs. Mary Smith, New 
berg. Ore., Jan 


and i 

he Song and the Star, was rendered. Christmas evening 
i given by the children of the Sunday-school, includi 

Dec. 28 



Society officer 
David Kilhein. 
Wenger of Eli 
charge for on. 

the iorcnoon 
Job. Jan. 8 : 

Germ an town .—On Sunday, 
season were held, in the nn 
in the afternoon the candle 
decorated and the program 
soloists and instrumental tri 
Supper and 
•f the 

church met in council. Aid 
reports were given. 


ncil, having served twenty years, uru. wviu 
,wn was chosen to fill the vacancy as elder in 
I. Wolf and Bro. Amos Martin were 
Jan. 6 Bro. Alvin Wenger conducted 
service and gave a splendid discourse on the book oi 
a special council was held, Bro. David Kilhefner asked 
1 as pastor The ministerial board was appointed to secure 
.„ speak with the object of filling the vacancy. A Vacation 
Bible School is to be held during the summer, for which the Sunday- 
school board is to plan.-Certrude R. Shirk. Ephrata. Pa., Jan. 8. 

Dec. 23, the services of the Christmas 

minR the Christmas church service and 

The church was very beautifully 

Sted of numbers by the chorus, 

.. _ id Christmas greetings by the pastor. 

a social hour followed and at 7 o'clock the Ch " 

Young People's Society was held. 

corresponding secretary, the writer. Mcmbc 
mittecs also.— Eva Mumaw, Clymer, Pa., Jar 
Nanty-Glo church met in council Dee. 17, 
berger presiding. Reports were heard from 
and officers elected for the coining year. 
"Messenger" agent and correspondent. Br 
elected to the deacon's office and will be in: 
Our revival service, conducted by the pastor 

with a love feast Nov. 11. A goodly numli 

table. The pastor officiated, 


. com 


E of the meetiii 
i by letter, and 
vice was held ii 

the Sunday-school 
by the children wen 
ante, twenty schola: 
time, included in th 
Many others were 
more than three 5 
services of the 



ally enjoyed. 

, having made a 
being a family 
:wardcd for attc 
ndays. The fii 

nt by 
Recitations and exercises 
Awards were made for attend- 
pcrfect attendance for the lirst 
if four 

one on former baptism. T 
i the Baptist church, with ox. 
sermon. Bro. W. J. Hamilton was with us 
helpful and inspiring message. A Christmas 
a Song was rendered in a creditable manner 
evening Dec. ZJ. The Christmas offering w; 
Mission Board.-Mrs. II. C. Hess, Nanty Glo. 
Newvillo church met in council Dec. 11. Tw 
Brethren John Burkhohlcr and John Cohick. ( 
an interesting Christmas program. Qi"'" 
older ones took part, making i 
elder, Bro. Stouffcr, 

h Eld. C. C. Sollcn- 
: various committees 
e writer- was chosen 
, E. Lcatherman was 
:d in the near future. 
o. H. C. Hess, closed 
,urroundcd the Lord's 
■sisted by Bro. D. 

hurch— three by bapti: 




ntata. The Echo of 
by our school Sunday 
s sent to our District 

Pa., Jan. 3. 
i deacons were elected: 
lur Sunday-school gave 
umber of children and 
t a success all the way through. Our 
.. in hi- present on account of sickness 

: having hei 


The congregation gave 

consisting of vegetables, canned 
:at,— Mrs. C. S. Cohick. Carlisle, 

reting and church 

SW has already been 
cieties each have a ? 
mantown, Philadclphi; 


■oten, Stanley Meyers, Wm. Marr. Our 

Sunday evening, Dec. 23. The children 

;ir parts. The orchestra played sacred 

th Christmas.-E. J. 

Oklahoma City. 


Beachdale (Berlin) 
at Beachdale Jan. 2. ur 
with" us. He is serving 
Juniata; he is an excel 
the average and has an 
Sunday-school arc both 
ually. and we are lookini 
dom. The follo\ " 


year's council 


Detwiler who is our pastor was also 
s first charge, having just graduated from 
at preacher and a song leader far above 
msually promising future. Our church and 
a healthy condition, financially and spirit- 
forward to a prosperous year for the king 


, T. R. 


■suit of . 

rch officers; 
Detwiler; trustees. J. H. Hentz, N. A. 
John K. Hentz; corresponding secretary, 
J, H. Hentz, Berlin. Pa., Jan. 6. 

Burnham church met in council Dec. 31 
Olive Hummel was elected "Messenger" 
We held a two weeks' revival meeting 
pastor. Bro. W. C. Swigart, being the eva 
tism. The Christmas program was given 
pageant. The Light of the Ages, recitat 
smaller children. The Y. P. D. held then 
also elected officers; 
The church cjjled 

CofTman; pastor, 

Beachly, Joe Lou 

Mrs. J. H. Hei 


b; Sis 

the last 

Pa.. Ja, 

md he 

:epted the chari 

lected i 

, correspondent. 
November, our 
ie received bap- 
hich included a 
xerciscs by the 
iting Jan. 2 and 
David Yeatter being their new president. 
C. Swigart as pastor and elder, for this 

it prayer 
, .. j11 attended, 
id The Vanishing Road were preached by the pastor. 
Clad to report the missionary interest of the Ch-ristian Endeavor 
Societies. The Young People's Society supports a Chinese girl through 
the Door of Hope and has §100 mission share plans for Africa and 
■ __ -_j u_. ~e.- n tly pledged $100 for an India share plan, of which 
ributed. The junior and intermediate se- 
ssion share plan.— Florence M. Lawn, Gcr- 
., Jan. 8. 
Glade Run.-Our church met in council Dec. 30 for the purpose of 
electing officers for the coming year. Our pastor. Bro. Ncdrow, was 
reelected as elder; correspondent. Sister Nannie Bowser; Messenger 
agent Ida Bowser; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Howard Bowser. 
This year closed with the largest average atlendancc-128-m Sunday- 
school in the history of the church. On Wednesday evening prior to 
Thanksgiving our pastor preached on the subject, A Thankful 1 eople; 
an offering of S3 24 was lifted for home missions. On Thanksgiving 
morning a union service was held in the M. E. church of Kittannmg; 
Rev. Zook. the Methodist Protestant minister, delivered the message. 
The offering was given to the Helping Hand Society. Sunday evening, 
Dec 23 our school rendered a Christmas pageant entitled. We Have 
Seen His Star, which was much appreciated by a well-filled house. 
An offering of $19.04 was lifted for home mission work.— Laura 
Bowser, Kittanning. Pa., Jan. 4. 

Harrisburg.-Since our last report two were received into fellowship 
by baptism. In the absence of a permanent pastor, quite a few min- 
istering brethren from our neighboring congregations have come in 
and preached for us. Nov. 18 we held our love feast. We had with 
us Elders S. H. HerUler and J. H. Longenecker. also Brethren L^JJ. 
Rose and A. C. Baugher, who officiated. At our regular council Dec. 
U we elected church officers for 1929. Eld. H. K. Ober had been 
previously chosen elder. It was decided to purchase 100 new hymnals. 
Officer* for the Christian Workers' Society were chosen with Bro. L. JS. 
Shuler. president. Our Aid Society was also reorganized recently 
with Sister Susan Rapp as president. Our Christmas program was 
well rendered the evening of Dec. 23. The children brought m their 
missionary barrels and for this part of the program an appropriate 
little exercise was given. The children's offering amounted to $40 and 
the offering of the evening to $36; all to be used for the work in 
India Our India milk fund for the last quarter" amounted to $31,50.- 
Mrs. Emory P. Trimmer, Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 7. 

preached to the child 

and Bro. Burkholder took bis place. 

lion to the children's home in Carlisl 

fruit, jellies, etc., all good things to 

Pa.. Jan. 3. 
PUtsburgh.-Christmas joy found expression in special services by 

all the different activities of our church. Dec. 16 the Y. P. D. held a 

service at which they invited Jesus in "his own birthday party. 

which was to be celebrated in the weeks following. They stressed in 

every reading and song ways to observe this precious event. The 
nex, program was by the chorus, a cantata. The Bible School 

rendered a delightful program Sunday evening. Dec. 23. An offering 
was lifted for social service work which is used to distribute Christ- 
mas baskets to the needy and shut-ins. A special effort is made by 
our pastor through Hie weekly bulletin to reach those locating m the 
city who are members of our church, so that at almost every service 
new faces appear. Among these arc Brother and Sister Blue and 
family of Windbcr. Pa., recently located in the City. At a special 
council Dec. 12 an election of officers was- held; most of the church 
officers were retained. The general superintendent of the Bible Schoo. 
is Jas. E. Murphy. Several are retiring who faithfully performed then 
official duties and made noted progress in our Bible School am 
church work last year. Br.». D. Z. Eckert and Bro. Paul Hoovei 
heads of their respective departments; also Sistei 
>f service as leader o 
Bro. G. E. Weaver o 
of Africa as a field o 

both proved 

Nellie Clarke deserves credit for many 

the church music. Sunday morning, J 

California will give us a chalk talk. A 

mission work is in progress by ihc ». Y. r\ U. ana every o. 

Sunday evening they have a class taught by Bro. G. B. Roycr.- 

Elizabeth Barnett. Pittsburgh. Pa.. Jan. 10. 
Pottstown.-A large number gathered Jan. 2 in the parsonage 

organize our Ladies' Aid Society for the year. Our new pastor, 
Kurt* Miller, conducted the devotional service. Officer* 
with Mrs. Win. J. Wadsworth, Jr.. president. 1 
were turned in which contained almost $17. The t 
cash balance on hand of about $175. Our business meetings 
place in the parsonage on the first Wednesday of each c 
month at 7" 30 P. M. Each Wednesday at 1 P. M. we meet 
members' homes for work.-M*rs. Frank E. Hoffman, Pottstow 
Jan. 7. 

Snake Spring.— Sunday 

rainy day bags 
asurcr reported a 

Dec. 23, 

of I 

ichool. On the « 


i prograi 

i Christi 

and exercises was rendered 

,( Dec. 27 Bro. M. J. Weaver 

lecture on missions. Jan. S c 

nasurcr gave a satisfactory repi 

past yea i 


Lancaster.— Dec . 

_.._ of gh 
our interpretations o( 
according to our own 
Christmas program of 
the customary gifts fr< 



I. Arnold. Lc> 


, Edw 

ChamberBburg.— Jan. 8 we were pleased to have with u 
F Shumaker of Bridgewater College and Bro. Harry 
oi Paramount. Md. At the morning worship the former gave 
inspiring sermon on the subject oi missions. In the evening ] 
Rowland preached a Spirit-filled sermon on The Faithfulness of ( 
The young people have reorganized with Bro. Carl Bear as prestdei 
Katherine M. Hartranft. Chambersburg, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Coventry.— Thanksgiving Day the Parkerford church worshiped 
us. Eld. J. M. Blough delivered the sermon. As he ha? -«' 
years on the India mission field, he knows better than 
wonderful blessings we enjoy here in America; he led Us to think 
on some of these things in a new light, in a more appreciative way. 
Dec 23 the children of our Sunday, school gave a Christmas program. 
In spite of sickness in the community about 200 were present to enjoy 
it. A pageant entitled, A Gift for the Christ Child, was given in the 
evening. Dec. 28. the Junior League had a chicken supper and social. 
Officers were elected for the next three months. During the pa: ' 
they sold fifty calendars, bought new song books, vases for th. 
sent gifts of flowers and fruit to sick ones, 

to the Greene County Industrial School and gave $3 to ... t *"•"■- 
Brothers in India, Dec. 30 new officers were elected for our C, B. 
Society, Arthur Kulp being chosen president. The regular quarterly 
business meeting was held Jan. 4. Reports of various committees and 
of the pastor were given which showed that the church has been active 
in many ways. A little over $1,400 was given for mission work during 
the past year New windows have been put in our Sunday -schoo 
room and the walls have been re finished. The floor will be carpeted 
by the Sisters' Aid. The church grounds have been improved quite 
a bit through the efforts of two of our number.— Mrs. Trostte P. 
Dick, Pottstown, Pa., Jan. 7. 

East Petersburg church met in council at the East Petersburg house 
on Nov. 21. We had called a special committee in to assist in our 
work. We reelected M. G. Forney as presiding elder in charge for 
a term of three years. His labors have been more than satisfactory 
in the past years; we as a congregation appreciate his efforts very 
much and hope we can keep him for many more years. The church 
in looking over song book supplies found it necessary to buy more 
new hymn books; this was left to a committee of two. who will 
report at a later date. Sunday-school officers were elected for 
year at the Salunga house with Bro. Phares Forney, supei 


nder the 
trth bj 
of food, to; 
. 30 the pa; 

other people, emphasizing the good or evil 
ate of mind. Dee. 22 the children rendered a 
iscellaneous features after which they received 
a the Sunday- school. In the evening a Christ- 
and Goodwill was effectively rendered by an 
■ direction of Bro. W. E. Glasmire. Special 
Sunday-school classes and other groups to 
j S by remembering others less fortunate 
for children and singing and worship for 
>r conducted an installation service for the 



; of clothing 

gain decided to send trie " Mes- 

it being understood that those 

ihall receive it as a gift 

n vital touch with this 

ercby.— Mrs. Christian L. 

iewly elected officers. The 
senger " to each home represented, it he 
able to pay shall do so. and those unable 
from the church, so that all may keep 
instrument of the church and may profit thereOy.— Mr 
Martin, Lancaster, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Lebanon.-One Sunday morning in August Bro, My 
Dakota preached for us. Aug. 19 harvest home service 
by the members. Eld. J. H. Longenecker of Palmyr 
words. The Lord is our helper; what shall I ~- 
his benefits? Sept. 11 we had the unusual pic 

S Z Sharp. He attributed his longevity to the practice of physical 
ulfurc as well as to dieting. Aug. 25 Bro. Francs Barr and family 
."._..:.,. .„■ R™ R*rr has since taken Up pastoral work in Oregon 
d for the churchhouse in the state of 
B. Stover is doing mission work at 
members brought donations of food and 

the Sunday-s 

Johnstown, Pa- gave an ml 
auarterly council was held. 

of the work of the church in the past year. Also the Ladic . 
gave a report. Since our last writing, four members have been re- 
ceived into the church by letter.— Mrs. Samuel Wylcs. Everett, Pa.. 

Wayne.boro.-Dec. 23 our Sunday-school gave two pageants; the one 
in the morning, Keeping Christ in Christmas, was given by the P"™'* 
and junior children. In the evening the young people presented The 
Star The aim of both was to impress us more deeply with the true 
meaning of Christmas. In his summary ol the years work, our 
""reported tbirty-.Ix additions to the church; thirty were by 
h-intism two on former baptism and four by letter. There were eleven 
deaths in our congregation; six letters were granted. Our pastor s 
assistant Sifter Emma Miller, who has beet, with us less than two 
months, 'reported 173 calls made and 104 homes v.sited.-Sudie M. 
Wingert, Waynesboro, Pa., Jan. 8. 

West Conestoga church enjoyed a love feast Oct. 24 A number of 
vis.ting ministers were present; Bro. M. A. Jacobs of York officiated. 
■ •"■" "-«ek house on Nov. 18 and closed 
ksburg brought forth the Gospel 

Irom North 

ra stressed the 
to God for all 

of he 

Wc opened 
Dec. 6. Bro 

Bro. Charles 

Pa., Jan. 2. 

the Middli 
S. G. Myers of Fred 
Four young people comes: 
Cassel ol Manheim preac 
i at the Middle Creek hou; 


Sunday, Dec. 30, 
spiring missionary 
Fahnestock, Lititz, 

; engaged ii 



Nov. 4 the Helping Hand . R 

Oct. 22 the Leban 
, the church for the orpha 
but helpful, homely talk that came from 
Seven P's, as a preventative to backsliding - 

which has an enrollment of about fifty women, together with the 

ndcred a program in the cliurcn ai 

fas given, consisting of 

___ by Eld. H. F. King of 

Eld.' John C. Zug of Palmyra filled the pulpit on 

■ning using for his text, And in thee shall all the 

4 The offering of $47 was for the Home Mission 

Willow Cr«k.-Bro. Grant Tookcr who labored 

the Lord's work at this place for ' 
his family to Empire. Calif., when 
Just before their departure many friends from i 
ISO-met at Bro. Tooker's to extend best wishes 
indeed very sorry to learn from the_ last report 
poor health. Wc also welcome Bi 

. Oscar Sti 
, they take up the pastoral work. 

id I 

y faithfully in 
has gone with 
pastoral work. 
and far— about 
them. We arc 
Sister Tooker's 
ily into our 

F.phrata, Pa. 

Mycrstown, P 
nations be bl 

of Eliiabethto 

Nov. 4 a temperance progri 

church c 


Sister Stern is our 
... delegate to District 
s $33. The Sisters' Aid 
the proceeds being $38. 
h and enjoyed a little 
d a community 

Dec. 9 Rev. James 
orphans of the Nc; 
y) contributed 






do their 



for Petersburg, 

have been 

best for the advancement of the kit 

East Petersburg, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Elizabctbtown.— Our church and two outpost Sunday-schools had the 
children render Christmas programs which included a few very im- 
pressive pantomimes and pageants. Jan. 3 the church met in council. 
The hymnal committee proposed the purchase of 200 Revised Hymnals 
which the church approved. The committee appointed to ascertain 
the cost of printing the treasurer's annual report, church directory, 
etc., reported but the church disapproved. The committee on tenta- 
tive plans and cost estimates of a new church reported which was 
approved by the church and the committee continued. Pastor Ober 
Proposed to the church once a week family meeting; first, prayer 
meeting for forty-five minutes followed by doctrinal talks on a lew 
nights each month and on other nights, three different singing classes 
to be held. The church approved the same— M. B. Miller. Eliiabeth- 
town. Pa., j arli j_ 

Ephrata.— Bro. Emra T. Fike of Oakland, Md.. conducted a series 
of evangelistic meetings Dec. 2 to 16 which were well attended. Dec. 

Hazclt.... . 

ast The congregation ( Lebanon and 
little more than $1,000 in cash and pledges 
ward this work. The following Sunday the 
'uba'noVs'undVschool pledged itself to care for two of .he Near 
Fast orphans for 1929. The Christmas program, rendered Dec. 23, was 
bast orpna duc (he commlt , c( . and 

raphes who h\d charge Jan 1 our winter council was held at 
ne Lebanon 1 ouse whe". officers were elected. A recommendation 
Ly the committee on re.igious education for holding specia meet, « 
quarterly for the benefit of our young people was ■TProved hv th. 
church We expect to hold a joint Sunday-school meeting at the 
church a. Midway. Jan. 20.-Martha Z. Eckert, Lebanon. Pa.. Jan. 3. 
U»t Cr~k congregation met in council Jan 1 a. the Good Will 
house The following officers were elected: E 

lected elder for the coming yeai 

■respondent. Sister Edith Davis was 

Our Conference offering this year wa 

sd dinner in connection with the Aid sale, 

held Thanksgiving services at the churc 

and sermon by our pastor; afterward * 

We also celebrated the Christmas season with a program. 
Wc did not reat the children, hut instead the children and the 
gr wn up" brought a gift to the Lord which amounted to . * . Th 
flu epidemic has visited many homes yet we have much Io be thank ul 
for; we have thus far enjoyed 3 most wonderful Elba 
Lc-.mis, Wetonka, S. Dak,, Jan. 2. 


Johnson Clty.-At our members' meeting in September a full cOrp, 
,1 officers was elected for the year beginning Oct. 1. i- ". ■•■"" 
■ i, _.«■!.*,■ uiHftf i-rm-arn on the hnancc co in- 
to the deacon's 
ned our Aid in an all-day meeting 

la selected elder, seven members were cnosen 
nittee. and Niles Bowman and Willie Clark were c 
flice. The Jc 

he week before Thanks 

pre st 

well i 

at the 


tistrict Aid Meet 
hurch attended 
at the Mouni 


r agent, Sister Minnie Bashore; correspondent 

r It was decided to send a financial statement to each 

I the close of the year. We also decided to have a furnace 

Richfield house. The various committees gave their report*. 

preached 147 sermons, made 578 pastoral 

,1s and had seven weddings, there were 

1 be held on Easter, preceded by a two weeks' evange. she meeting. 
Following the business we had the memorial roH ca ^ , l al^n ,™b« 
short address by the pastor.-Elsie M. Krissmger, fltcAHBter 
•a., Jan. 2. 

n met in council at the Diamondville house on 
Myers was reelected elder for t 



: sen ted i 
Nov. 10. Seven members of 
Sunday-school and Ministerial n 
lurch Dec 29. The first Sunday of November was OL 
dav in our Sunday-school; the attendance was IB. uur 
cr the 100 mark with the exception of one Sunday 
Sundays when the flu epidemic kept several away. 
added to the school in the last months-a 
Cradle Roll class, making — 

Manor congregatio 

decided to retain Bro. E. A. Edward: 

elder and pastor are to represent us at District Meeting 

?en S T. Fyock and Mark G. Fyock as alternates Officers w. 

elected for the year: clerk, Geo. F. Ober. miss.on board. S. W. Ob. 


school stayed i 

till the last tw 

Two new classes wen 

Srif OuTscUrS ^'^"ering-oflu-'-he-Sunday before Thank s- 

■ - „Wh was sent lo the Home Mission Board. Our Christmas 
Bering was for our church debt. The beginner and primary depart- 
men s had a Christmas party Dec. 22. The toys 

given to needy children, guests at the pari 
>. had a special Christmas prograrr, 

ng hour a musical program, The Birth of Chri- 

:o an appreciative audience— Laura uwin S" 

Liberty church met in regular appointment with Jesse D. Clark i 
harge. He preached three wonderful sermons which 1 
(Continued on Page 48) 


.___ party. Dec. ZS 

During the preach- 

t Song, was given 

adley. Johnson City, 

: enjoyed by 



(Continued F ' om P " gB ' 


(Lontinueu .. — - above 

«.„• end oy.el. t« your word, |, J^f.."^.'^ "°"* h °™ 
,11 lor jour earnest P"l«' m °" 

recent tragic eipencnec bt ball because 

*.. W . .re convinced that God »»* »ou cries ^ ^^^ „„« 
„I the orderly arrangeoent ol all 

loge.her or l»od .oto» tea , : 28). God ■• '""',£ p ,,ce 

accordtag .o h- P«'P»" 4 ,„ t , therefore »•*»„"'„.! do 
therefore he can not err, u f [ justi therefore he can 
without hi. remission; . bs ° <V can not be unkind. 
wrong; absolutely good, therefore ^ thi . 

-More than .bir.,.;"" ^God •"?..?.. ™. « "The «.* 
procJairned. and now de.™ »«£*■ ^^ „, ,,,e »« 

u owav to obtain - 
"darkness, « V .*.«?_ !;L,e.,lUSoenL, «* "' »"" 

again been 

(tore for me through «• ' 
ii I (ail to disce 

grace to sust 

infinite* worn tragedy «dl » »* to 
,i„g and to profit thereby. 

"1 lb 
that he 

"Z »; >-d '"new today up.» to lac, *-«£ 
» . pUn .or the -^J^^^S ta ". called oc I 
„_I too. that I love h »-' f ™ ,„„i v ed to serve ho ««b 
Srt5 SS'S^ Se"»„ everything else, hot gtve 

6urvivea uj i-** -■- — " 
School, 111., and T.mothy 


taasoueh a, J ^^^'^^"JT^ \ '- 1 
.beaf lor the harve, to 'c™°™ B , „, our Sunday-school and church 

s"sr£ sLSrss.^ 5Sr-'— — - - * ho °" 

be it resolved: , u j t be uncertainty 

That her sudden departure should remind us a ^^ 

of He, Sot each .»= »« Vl.^voUhy to 'he ocobers ol he, 

That we =«tend our h '"' ld 'I™ care «1 »ur Heavenly Father; 
faoUy and eoooit theo to the '"?" "" °' lbe i, m ily and the saoe 
"S»t » copy ol "™ "»^ el * ,",'» entered upon the oou.e. 
5 r'w»y"ch h oo, .n^s'or'oiuute, o, our Aid S.c.ety. 
Committee. _ 

Mrs. LUrie A. Blanch. 
Mrs. Agnes K. Longenecker, 
Mrs- Kate H. Z«g- 
Palmyra, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 19, 1929 

• a filler Mrs Joe Wood, 
—"■ S TfS:t "b'^^'nS, fSf ycak He had .Wed 
-^F^'Bnd' h^e^d^r;, .5 of bets -g 

eighty-two. precc m , h Miller "t ' , d 

daughter by the writer, a Andrew Miller. Muneie, 

A son and a daughter survive. J. rf M< daughter, 

"'H^IdV^gKs 1 ; rbJothers and one 
.£"1.10 R. Suyder. Fa ^ ^ 

BcrkheUer, Lydia Sullivan one °< «££'„, ohio , died at her home 

» d M =r»r |H >^eS-wbo"u^r^.hL 

brotners. She bad beeo > ™^°^ h „ rch b, Ec». D"'ds°»- I! °" ; ' , 

Funeral services at the B lapttst „,,„„, , nd . 

in the Green La»n ceoetery. ue.ia , .„caster County. Pa.. Aug. 

" B ouoger, John ... ^-'St yf^'^oou.: 

S. 'See a « S£ ^"o^r^Ha^ld, M.h,- 

o. the Brethren. Bro. *£»££$, Middle Creek House by Bde, 
aloos. fifty-lour yc>": »"|J „ asslsl cd by the bom. »'««" 
t W Taylor and Michael ^ur". „ Fabllcs tock, Lititz. Pa. 

;„,I,oent y .n the ad,oini„g ceoetery .^M. ^ ^ 

Chides. Sisfer Delia Mae So 'dKd Emio E 
j months and 18 days. She oam shc , 

5906; to this union nine cb.Wrcc , «c ^ t 

'.^■children and two grt .ndch ddrcr., h^ ^ Funcra , 

She joined the B™tb'c r. C •> j„ emi ah Thooa 

ttfSSZ&^SZrJ;* West U»,n, Oho 
M\% S"h^oI o W -^.^J^ 

CrS.b"ving^.^erine .yHe - 

children In her lather ■ 1 hooe . I she 

Crawford who >»"'"= ""whieb had slowly led 

*r hooe" rHe-.ry E McC» near t— 

, v «» 1RW she milted with 
---. "S»^ i-ng^nSteu. Christian £ 

Beside" he 

vic« by the «"«',„ chllrc b 



i moii>..= ano r_ ■ 

who preceded bio in 

vith three children, one 

'"s-nhrata at whose home he 
Epbiata a. v ^ ^ ctarch 

J. Edson Ulery "'£,,„,«■ Creek chur. 
Burial in the ceoetery by the Spring 
th Manchester, tad. m,.„esboro Pa, Nov. 

-•^-h h tdTdaTHe"waV 1 S,V 1 

, of Mr. 

ol the Brethren 

woo:, S r'w«t;.Me|ieF„ r oan, 
Funeral services in the frict 

SSSart^'J^y* a8cd « year., a oo,- " ; 

C.u. Bro. Silas Wm died J«. » " ■ » rf him » 
20 days. One son and » »>» - 
b , his widow and seven color 
Irethren and ""d^UlW 

daily and secoed to oc a Lawrence Helsley 

Id J. H. Smith assisted by Bro- La "^ w „, V a. 

Valley Kk= Ccoctcry.-M. H. Cm, Eliiabeth Suowberger 

Gtubh. Sister Catharine, d.«ghl«r jl ££ P ,,, died Dec. B. »» 

LtuS ol.tcu childre. SJ^^^iJ, whom she had be: 

i si* )"•- -- . 
„ e is aurvived by H" 

' C Buri"' in the adioining eeoe- 


, survived 

. v.:= withers business. selvlL , -' 
dai? y and secoed to b.« b ^^"s^7- tat.rme.t 1 

.r Oct. 

: husband, 
services at 
Burial in the 

' married John W- 

t with an accident 

to death- Services 

by the 

„iekB she was very 
three grandchildren and lour 
,;,S .. «h. Owl Creek church 
the church ceoetery.-Mrs. Russell 

-VaTll. WrigW, Dayton, Ohio. 

Jnteroen. » Locust Grove """"". ."^ B „ ta „ C ripe, born 
Cripe. Ear. Jerooe eldest son ol Ch™.'»» Co „ ,. 

near Delphi tad. Uov 21, !»»• „ o[ tb Brethren and 

and while there he united witn teaching lor several 

reouned a MtUtd «*• - J " urfM School, iron, which he 
vears be entered Iudiaua Uover.,iiy p au lus on Aug. 17. l q H. 

graduated in 1910- He was married I to «• ^ d , it p „ctlce 

and to theo were horn two children. Dr ; W ^ ^ ^ ,„„ ^ 
ol bis profession at Nappanee. tad, ■ n t ,,„,,, E „ g ,„eers, 

c„hs.ed P a, a volunteer o the M=d cal C.,P a rf 

the division commanded by the late uc hi> ^^ d5c drf t „ 

honorably discharged o Aprd, », « Hc had sl ly , been a 

establish a practice a »» « » . „ community: his ser 
public spirited and willing worke 

ahe msTricti t,*.-..^- 
■'- , . two "children with whom she had her 
r b \.S^tS"™r.n| She accepted Jesus . b=r 

P ™,ona. U lv,or In ^JST^SZ^^>^£. K 

B„,hren. She lived a^ d "°?\2 Jn.b.rid in the deacon, office. For 


te '. B ; bk Sb?"'.°ve. he. two child 
patient. She ■'«"» . ho „c 

children tcared o her son^ 
bv C H. Deardorff. Interrnci 
,/plinger. Middlehranch, Oho ^ „_ ,»« died Dec. 

.. j _ R m Thester, born in ueatrn-c, . . r j following an 

n",^ a. *. Ba»»no municipal Jo^U! *!.»,£ "g£ s ,. ,„. 

opcrSon Dec 3-. "\-'irwi7c«...««b«cr..' three .».. >f>£ 
1913 He is survived by his wile two ihe Church ol the 

one brother and one s,,«r. He «»« I ^ rcnai „ d ,,„,„, 

B 'f te „ iaoSSToo b°e 'cbur'cb aloos. eI.V„ J-- J^g 

a thouch isoiatea """' p T ,.Khvterian, at Bassan"- "" 
«rvice B , by F. O. Thompson, ^"£^ r , ' B . 81 .„o, Altt. _ 

in Ba.sano eemetery.-Mr.^ N. M „,i„,burg, Pa, Nov. 
Her.hb.rger, George, died at hi. . „„„„„ „,„ 

rg, ra-. «— — • 
, young man he 

Hersbbergcr,, ------ - . „ d yg< When a young °^ — -- 

193? aged 77 ye»r». 10 "'"'^"t ££?M ChrisUan lil. to the end 
- vtm -.he church and Uvea a ., ,„, u . 

nited ■ 

[•.tinned until death called 
patients. Iri nds.and .bejO-J«»« .^""andTwo cbi.dren. hi 

,„ home by the 
Oak Lawn cemetery.— 


note that the filly «»« 'Tihrec rnoShJ " Gospel Me ; - 
marriage notice may be g" J.g COO p|e, Request should 
«oS", a';»".he'»o. °e is sent, and full address given. 

MaUott. Greenville, Oho. „-idence in West Kittan- 

P^yd.CUyr^l.-By .be undersigned a. hsr^sid ^ ^^ ^ 

•*"-. P '- N ° V pf LTi-loyd 5 drew West Ki.tanning. Pa. 
,1 Kittanning, Pa.-J. L»yo r,c , ^ ^^^ 

Brow»-Ku»kle.-By the »»ders.gned at the ^ ctarlti 

parents. Brother and Sister Frank KnnMe, Dec ^^ Kunkle o| 

B,^ah , efp k ™re t dtnd h 0i BeMy B MeVicker, both o, 

!£c». 0»i..-J.b» Voder. Spencer, Ohio. 

eSK ^e,"ob-tyhrrnoSoSco^ l :d.ho^. Ear, 

B p:D H r!By!;»der rV ^r^c«Dec» 

Geo W Poland and Sister Grace V. Ho*e. 

rwS-i- is. pn.-j~» »■ «»»;--■ R a ; c re; o, th. 



Aohrce. B,o ; Saoue, , ol near ^7 V-, d,d Dec ,7, Imaged 

67 ,.... He is ?"™'"V, y .o moTth. "eiore be died. The brethren 
baptized by the writer aboutj w. o on tb. £ „„,„, ,„ bio. 

55SS h g y"'tbe Cd wri\.,' 8 in 1 ' Shlorcbureh near Strasburg. Va.-Cepbas 
Fabnestock, Winchester, Va. 

^ Richard Eugene. » - *■ ;*» § Andrus, bor^in 
S'?5Sr He".. lurred d hy d b?. ^j... one .ister and one brother. 
-Mrs. Z. P. Sensenbaugh, Modesto, Calif. 

i v a:.a TW 7 1928. ol complications, aged 
A^id, Sister Amanda Y, died Dec 7 , W ^ ^ ^ ha , 
61 years, 9 months and U uays. ^ t 

theiV hooe, in Ebj.bc .blown <°' '""^ "' F u„e,.l 

devoted and buobl. Chn.Uan ''^"^^'ade,. H. K. Ob.r 
i:\^e"t.i..rE Tree chureb ceoetery.-M. B. 
Miller, Elizabeth town. Pa. 

p^har,, Laura Belle nee Lougboan ^^X^'- 
died at be, hooe near Sykeston N. Dak, Dec. a . ^ ^^^ ^ 

ninth wedding anoversary. Her age was y cbildren 

,6 days. She o.rned Albm H. Bj'^S'bJ- h „ husband, 
were born to this »" ^, '*''„'" v *, is ter, and three brother., 
children, one 1»? d ch.d, hereto fi,, .1. ^ Mrlf _ l ^ m 

Carrington cemetery.-O. A My«, Carrogton, N. D.k. 

» 1928. He is survived by hs . 

rth?r"an^' lour brother, Funera = 

writei, assisted by J. R- Schuti. in 

Sk Wilier, North Manchester, tad. , h „, Na , ha „ 

Crnoes, Mrs. Maiy M»g dalene, nee Hangoan ^ _ .^ 

Sy-Cco™y N °Sbe'tS d f bSTcjLes _« _« -theo 
!.« bom bv. children, one oiwboodcdn^l,^^^^ 
husband became a mcobcr ol .be Lbo di!ac(jn . s office which 

her marriage- They were la ter ost^ Uleo ^^ ^ dlsb „ d ed 

position they faithiully filled. WJ« « siJney congregation. 

. lew vears ago they became otmuers o afternoon she 

lb.™.; bee. fn ill : health <«-- 'V oj „^ f?«, ouch^ She 
requested the anointing ""'oe "» hi , d Funeral services by the 

tr;ro d »^Chr," S r d cbufcra't H h ;'us,on.-C. V. Coppock, Sidney, 

"tLs, Sister Dinah S^brock «--« *J ^.^a^ 
months and 11 days. She was a daugn ^ hujba „ d| j„h„ 

Schrock ol Sumo,. Township Since tbe Brethren), .be oade 

H. Davis in 1913 (a o.n.ster of * » s ; w bere she 

her hooe with her youngest son Jaoe, h vog V , urviv i„ g hut 

died. Twelve children were born » th. o » ; si , , r „dchildr.n 
three who died in childhood There are ais j ^ membe f 

and twelve great-grandchildren. She was her cbrist , a n 

,be Church ol the Brethren and .« J-™ »„„ „ e , death, 

living. She called lor the »°'°™ f™' a Z congregation, but 
Her church o.obership «"'»'" S e P , u „„al was held in the 
having lived lor year. a. Spring , uiJ ^^ hulba d 

Mennonite church at that »no Geo DMWll t, r 

in a ceoetery close by. Servo «• >° « bud b , E ld. L. A. Peek 

Conman prejebed the Inneral serrno ^ ^ 

and G. D. M,ller.-Mrs. H. G. Peck ^^ 

Mb. Sister Anna G, bom Jan. ^ 1858. d«d ^ B 

at tbe borne ol her daughter, Mrs. D- ^ Brclhte „ M. G. Early and 
Short service, were held at he house By rf ^^ Brc(h 

W. D. Nolley, F °"» '\„Vp If Tbom.., a«er which the body 
b, Brethren L. S . M.Uer and r . = wh<) e „ drf her in 

SJgfU 'It i."'.tvlv1d by'wo sons and one,. 
D. B. ShowaUer, BAtt* Vj. ^ Hosp .„ a , 

Fetter, Leroy. died Sept ». »■ » ■ ' w „ ork „ brak eman lor 

a result of an accident while "gag" Ho , ived „|, a lew 

-- -»sfrs "H£ c^ier^'thV^s 

t • J»H n*c 9 1928 ol pleura pneumonia, aged 25 
F.t,er Leroy Junior did Dc 9 l«8, ci ^P ^ ^ oj 

days. He was tne son ui '« »■ F„ n eral at the home of the 

" h T rR.v de Geo,'ge"Duva°.ro d . STc^STa—. «■ «■ Church. 
Su:i b aTn'2r R M'i'.eSu ;g g , Pa.-Jobn R, Snyde, Tyrone P, 

Fike, Peter S. born in ™" ^JXZi^.l i'fuZ. 
the hooe ol his d.ughler, "'^^tei.tlaoa King and to .bis union 
, rnon.h and 13 »»»»•"« "^'Vjn.Ind one daughter preceded hio. 
were horn twelve children, lour "J. an ^^ da „ g h le r, two 

He leave, hi. wile, two ""ViiJ,' °"d lorti-five great-grandchildren, 
hro.hers, thirty-two grandch. dren and WI • ' ^ B , rf 

He united with the Church o the B'elhren ^ ^ ^ ^.^ .__ ^ 
SSSVlSi cnuicn. taS'en*. in .he Maple Spring ceoe.ery.-Ze.da 
S '^ri^hl-Ll^augh,r ofDavid^ «„» Hahn^y, 

by Eld. S. K. Ut. at <be booe. Inleroent in oey t. 

Theresa S. Forney. ^'"T^*^. Oho. and died a. her 
Fox, Margaret E, was 0"" «ar Springneio ■ , moo , h , 

„„„. in North M.ocb..t,. tad J.n. ■. »\^ ^ s , rah Zir kle, 
and one day. She »«, He ^b, ^ Twenty-two 

having two sisters .older™ tore om 

•'meSrl^rdted i'n inUney'. Bbrttl - became a oembcr 

-Mrs. H 


(junsuan ni= «« — — 
h the enure. -»- — t ".r p-urch of the Brethren for htty 
' ■ * "r i , S or l .c" e ,T, b ".' , r'. , a e .e?"he C r of the -»J Bg . *«J 

fcTTlWl^-S- AL ^"one'-^ced'eTho^ee year, 
Pheir oolden wedding anniversary. One son p daugb ters. ihree 

'.' Sltiving are hi. wife J » .» » t'collcd ... «bj >-■ 
brothers and three sisters. ""™» B ass „ted by J- 

"'■ F "Tt\ S L V Sh"ffe' ..errnen't in F.irview ceoetery-"" 
Brown and D. U s,nan, - I -_ 
B. Rhodes, Martinsburg, fa. E i izab eth Rush Fisher. 

fifty.eigh. ?="S- Sh= w« always _ ^.^ a „ ,,„. t ol «d. 

°,?c„ur;l h Bu S ri.. ucr-by in the Green U,. — »v-G- 
Pueh, Mexico, Ind. Wnrlcinnham County, Va., 

Hb, son, Mary Catherine McFa.lcn, bom m Rockingh, _ 
died a. to Colville Hospital. Wa h *»£■£■■ sbe „o V ed w.tb her 
„| diseases, aged 73 years. 7 »"»'■» , in ,b«. In 1875 .be 

SedSefr^ «He-^ner.r^b| 
^^Sn:^^^ atS ^itor -o bah habere nn.d e. b 

^fi^"A..-^'S33CeScd^d^r^S 8 i| 


lctcr ,.-0. B. Gregory, Spokane, Wash ^ 

,„, Hazel, died Dec 29 »* at her ^ rf fi „, 

,d, aged 35 y.ars^ Death »" * m9 "™ |o „ foU r children were horn; 

She married Edw. Holoan and tt *1. £*> ,_ hosb j. , b „e 

one daughter preceded her Surviv. | ^.^ ch „ ch by Eld. 

tflSS!- "inTeroTn'r i" .be" cem.tery.-Ca.bannc Soelt.e, 

Seymour, Ind, Smolan. Kana., Dec. 16. 

John*,., Mary Jane, nee T homas, d ed n... Won, _ 

1928, aged 53 years and 10 days. ue. bM ahc ,„„ 

.tmke For .everol years her health was very j. church 

r atnicSn with wonderlu. Patience Sb^»»^ ^„ M W o. E. 
„, the Brethren early o life. J™ 5 ' cMd „„. Her husband and 
Johnson; to this — «"' *°,™ br ,be m it.r », Kan., 
three children survive. Funeral Dy rnc Newton, Kans. 

tSJit in the v»l»-;»«" D ' e 7 D 1 ^ t'he Spring Run con- 
K.rr, Ruth (Dunotre). died Dec 1. ^ d and c „e son She 

gregation, aged 29 years. She leave. »» ™ d made her influence 
fecaoe connected with the church o ».lj » rf p„„ooma 

lei. in several lines ol cburct . worfc Sh ^» ^ fcy , ta «,„, 

which proved >»o severe lor her cons.. ,.„,,, «.».«.,»■ 

assisted by Rev. Andrew.. P re A »«" ^ congregation, Pa, died 

Lyon., Herman Quay, ol the Penn « un g & ^ ^ „, 

Tte- 28 1928. aged 33 years, 6 oontns anu parents and 

S ^"onc d s^%re=7,f5.£^ ^^^ 

in the hooe by the wnter "^W,. Myers. Oyoer, Pa 

Burial in the church ceoetery.-W. IN. »» 2 ,52s, 

h„ m e.-M. H. Copp. Maurer own V. Dori9 ^^ ,., 

Monme, Alpheu. Alon.o .01 1 ol W"™ , be ag , , „ ,„,,, 

bom in Grant County, Ind, «' J »■ ;, bij dcath he sprained his 
4 month, and 13 days. About .week be. o h;s wUch , , 

ankle, .he poison Iroo which seemed lo g o ^ jsvc b „ 

was nn. determined even by »= P^'an u .__ ^ ^^ Cm ,„ 

"" ?r",h e tri,:r"andh"urialta the cemetery a. Har.iord City- 
church by tne wrne, 

J. Andrew Miller. Muneie. Ind. &lla 

Moontaw, Sarah Mson, was to da»gh. o.^Peter^ ^ ^ 

Moomaw, and wa, bom near Jhdncothe, . __ p Moomaw 

r^s b "t.rcS^»d h ,£.o S .£,or n to 

Jrve^rcbr the tft =t= " ?« »—■ '' * ~" 

J. Andrew Miller, Muneie, Ind. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1929 


home of her son, Hanks A. myers, in «".." . ■ n-i Btl ore 

. ,™« n f ft.1 vcars Sister Myers, wiiose maiden name was BasDorc, 

££ZL"2.'SE£">£ d.,. -dors »-'»«^ k „e H h"d b f/d 

oi 70 rears. 8 month, and 17 days. She was on. ol a lanulj of 
01 /u » ld = . .... . . raiicH from earthly scents, ibc 

'rrSncd"."";,™. 'W. Provinces" , >., W7. and. "...a. chi„ir„ 
was marncQ to jd ,nfancy; the other six. 

;r,h!'r V w.h1o^ 8 ra„rhild°n a',d one groa.-gr.ndchild. survive bar. 

r „,, of bein B seriously crippled -. year, ago by a fa 11 that 
„ade it dkeult lo, her <o .«. around, aha "•^"chn »'»', »« 
contented with ber 1... F«nar, «™ *. a. t be Ro ann Chore h .1 the 

K&«^.h^dU?K^i', 1 : NoV.h Ind 

Ritch.v Loyd Irene and Gene were vic.ims of an auto accident a. 
ViSSf'lnt., Da=' .6, ,92., wben .heir auto ,.. slruck by a p.sseng 
train; beside these, killing Mrs. R.tcha/a »»"■"•» "Shoulder a 

,, the .on oi John and Amanda Ritchey, and was born in Tipton 
Coun'ty! Z°L. 30, ,» He i™?^^?^^ 
£ "."a, °.u Ser , oTA,be?. e a W nd S Ma""Hine, and wa, Wn near 
Hnhb, Ind Nov. 12. 1897. She was a member of the M. E. church 

r/Tu'r-edthef .rents'""^.; bttber. a'nd fou, sister. She was 
a member of the M. E. Church. Funeral services at the home by 
,he undersigned. Interment in Blocher cemeterv.-B. M. Rolhns, 

X^^are. Belle, born near Grafton. W. . V.., died at lb. home 

», „e g r ^'"■^z^t; s %t c : l :^°t^X ff fl si 

f d*dL" Anne Pitaer When she was eleven year, of age she moved 
"""l^r,o^whi^^T^, h ^rrc.rn^» ! oli= 

-r HfB "fnt-ts^r^r s. a !r!s77^ 

a great comfort^ "P" 1 ^ in ". r union , v % re born five children, two 
married Geo. W. Kogcrs, 10 mis wwwu ^hilrirpn she 

S ££ be S d h ,.^L^L;?yT'se b tt^blr of r y a£ H„ fas, 

^.Thu^o, S. S:&^ S Corderokl l ,,'\r.h-a t£ 
sicned -D. J. McCann, Cordell. Okla. 

Shaum, Albert, ,on oi John and Elizabeth Shaum, bom near W.l :.- 
rusa, lnd., died Dec. K, 1928, aged 74 wars. 1 month and 10 days. 
He married Emma Fletcher June M, 188S - V "'"," "?," „, was a 

=■*,,,, children three oi whom survive. Though his ailment was a 
i gering diea'se he bore i, patiently. Services in the Church oi <ta 
Brethren by the writer, assisted by John Hartrna. »JJ» <£«» 
Metzler. Interment in Olive cemetery.-I. S. Burns, Wakarusa, ino. 

born in KoanoKc v^juul/, »•»., — • t?-,.;_ ckiirpr Dec 

months and 13 days. She became the wife of Bro. Ervin Shaver JJaC. 
77 1971. he survives with four children, her father, sister and brother. 
fhetadbecT a member o, the Brethren Church for aix.ean years. 
-Mamie Wimmer, Cooper, Hill, Va. 

Sheets, Sister Lena, wile of Bro. Walter Sheet., fed D.C. 3. »»; 
aged » years, 6 months and 10 days. She united with tb. Church ol 
the Brethren Oct. 27, 1917. She was the daughter of David and Sister 
L Ha kin, who survive with ,b. husband three child™ 0.0 
sister and one brother. Fun.ral service, by Eld. J T. Click at 
Salem Lutheran church.-Matti. Craun, Bridgewater, Va. 

ShaU. Sister Mary E., died Dec. 6, 1928. aged X y.atj mdl ^monflu 
Her husband, Wm. Shell, preceded her „x month, ago. .She laawaa 
one niece M ,. Russell Fahnestock ol Strasburg. Va., with whom .h. 
made her' home, also one .later. She wa, . eonaiateot member of th. 
Church ol the Brethren lor year.. The body _wa. taken to her 
lormer home lor burial. Services by Eld. J. H. Smith, assisteo Dy 
Re, Arth™, Wake of the Christian Church.-M. H. Copp, M.urertown, 

Shrivar, Daniel, died Dec. 17. 1928, after an nineaa ol but a law 
day, ol double pneumonia, aged 19 year,. Being bereitoi a father 
irly m life he was placed in the orphanage but soon atterwaru 

the home ol Brother and Sister Tony F.sher who , rearjd 
sides his foster parents and loster sisicis,_ 
„, ihree sister, and five brother,. Funeral service, 
b, Eld. The Shively in the Church ol the Brethren. Bunal in the 
Green Lawn cemetery near by.-Gelia A. Pugh, Mexico, Ind. 

Smith, Sue, nee Dillman. died within the bound, of the Akron chore). 
Dec. 30, 1928, aged 61 years. She i, survived by her husband, a 
daughter and a son, two ,i,ter, and a brother She wa, a woman u 
high Chri.tian character. She united with the church at "early 
age and wa, uselul and faithful in this relation. Funeral eerviceeby 
Brethren Menno Young and A. H. Miller. Burial m the Springfield 
church cemetery.— D. H. Keller, Akron, Ohio. 

Watktna, Raahel Estella, daughter ol Jacob T. and Clara A. JNfcH 
born near Walda, Kans., AprU 23, 1886, died at Ottawa, Kaos . Dec- 
22, 1928 altar an illness of two weeks. She had pneumonia foflowing 
«u. She wa. the third child oi a family ol tan, eight ol whom are 
no. living. Father and mother and an infant brother preceded her 
Most oi her life .he had been in frail health but had bean stronger 
in recent years. She united with the Chureh oi the Brethren ,n 1912 
bar, wa, a life of quiet, un.elfish service for other, in the home 
Funeral service, at the Ottawa church by R. W. Quakenbush, and 
burial in Highland cemetery-Edith Watkins, Ottawa, Kans. 

We^.1, M„y Evelyn, daughter ol H. F. Wessal, born July • 19. 1911. 
died Dae. 26, 1928. She joined the Chureh of the Brethren at Rocklord, 
being in 192J. Her mother died twelve year, ago for tbe 
last lour years she bad been her father', housekeeper. She leaves her 
lather and two sister,. Funeral service by Bro. E,ban,en.-Mrs. H~ C. 
Wise, Roekford, ill. 

Winkler. Bro. Murray Duane, son ol Jacob and Nora Winkler, born 

near Pyrrnont, Ind., died at Storm Lake, Iowa. Dee. 12, 1928, aged 

30 years and 24 days. At the age oi ten be accepted Christ and was 

baptued in the Church oi the Brethren and had always stood in 

defence of the faith. He leave, his lather and mother, seven asters 

and four brothers; one sister and one brother having preceded mm. 

. brought hack to Stanley, Wis., the home of hi, parent. 

service, at Stanley church by Fred M. HoUenberg, and 

■ Stanley cemetery.-Mrs. Faith Henderson, Stanley, Wis. 

Zook, Christianna wife of Jos F. Zook, deceased, died within the 

Dec. 25. 1928, aged 77 years, 2 months and 

istian at an early age. To her church and 

s by ber pastor, assisted by Bro. A. H. 

. M , 1I1III1I111 I 1I11I111111 M H-H- I - H1 1111IH1I1 I1II H - 


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"on, t,uristianna, wife 
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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 19, 1929 


treasure! s "-i 

■ encouraged and hope 
;, ZiB'<=r. Holliday, Va., 

"Messenger" agents, 

writer, correspondent. 

marked the beginning 

n r o G. L. Bowman 

s placed in charge 

(Continued From 

( r , revival sometime in March. 

SJSS-E rjSS£ L. - - -5.TEV - 

VIRGINIA zill „ pr „id. 

,-,i. r •..-,. reappointed eiaer >" w 

to accomplish more in the new year. 

J "' * „ h rn.t in council >t .he »- Vi.j. chutoh o» Nov 

Bothlthem church rmt in conn ^^ ^^ 

21 . Officer, lor the year *«re «. ^ ^^ 

gathered lrom Sisicr 5 ■"""■J? , „ r ,„,, least was heU Oct, a 
f„d handwork were also P™"'^ " „ d w ;, h a lecture by J. M. 
and on Sunday lollowtng we were Una ,„ ol hav ,„B 

Henry- Bonn, the P"'/"' ""„ "„ ,« ,ach month. Thi, method 
"me'visitinc minister « 11 «h<_ P *£/£..* B „o„e Mill. V... Jam 7. 
is to he continued next year. ^ envelope system 

Middle. River church met in counen »• • ■ raLst more ,„„,,,. 

We are planning to have me o Thanksgiving service was 

QjUege with us in the near luture ■ '" , was U |,ed lor home 

„,e evening we bad .pee ..I service .^^ w „„„ b .„, Va.. Jan. 3- 

MI . Vernon assisted «"■-»"■ ' , Dc « mb er a very inspiring 

M,. OUvet.-Dur„.g the 6". wcek^ ^ ^^^ A «„, 

:r^riev,:""r^; «,. i a 

-&£ S5JV^ bS -Per -"^Tc^S 
,"d a desire lt» fuller. V»»«»'l™„ "Seville, V... Jan. 10. 

isx ^i^'-a- -° r ' ■*' f 

Sr-^t I^ STmemL^P S^'-T £ 

Our Thanksgiving services During December an every- 

missions was received at this 

. iw.irm of the finance com- 

h., canvas, was made under the J """™ ,.,,„„„ officers for 

ra ;," b c r .." "e*."l. being very >»«-«„, ™< co unci,. B«. t» 

% coming >»-;;-* il: ZJ. a ^X\'"Z "liSSS. 

r„g"be"'S.rrwa. Ch p°f sented * £ *— 5*--* -=*&£ 

£ s'rooTo; £ 3,Er :; '^™£- z 

Summit church met m coonc. ^ |or „„ c< ,„,„,g year. 
£USS ™" r.,U« • <M«™ SEE" t£ SSSrf Aid 

»rid S ewa,e,V, J an... ^ 

Sunoyside.-Our regular counci ^ chose „ tnute . 

,„d Bro. Myer, clerk, were e. ect tl ., B ^ corre.pond.n.i Bro 

lister Blanche Beeves, ■•"«£ Wo ™„.. At our annual lhanks 
fi,o Partch. president ol Christian "" m i s ,ionary offering which 

=hers"-fV ~, almost ^M^- 
M m"^:."."* Tracy M» S °""^' ^" , Lndi.g 

T service Thi, was in charge tl» « ,„ e „hership of 

S"S "-re" at Seattle. He »™^«d .. *= ^ „ d ,„„ g , 
1 'Wcnatcbee and Wta»ld« jW»* »",'„„ „ d th. lor 
«e "f-'^H^gSly empbaslaed the spiritual; e emen n ..oh » 
S.irand * Ie".a1 a-^" J-.r^.r"'- Ty'"" children and 
caiion. A i«, P™«»" » " „ ,„, c „,„„„„i,y cheer fund^ 

CchoJurr:lXed^ n, ^--bauld^ xr^ 
work on the nest-church *»''»"«" a , „, is holiday season we lave 

a ,now norm hut we fe el th a ,,,„„,,„,, a „d 

„ u „u,ually blessed and arc Horn 

aldine Eller, VVenatchee. V 

■ | . I I I 1 I 1 I M I I 1 I I H ■ ' ■ 


MH-H-H-H- r +4H-HH-r-Hl 



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linging ' 

rw 1 We decided to have a 

a join. Christmas program JM* » = ^^ d „ 5 lh ,,,„g the 

and Brethren Sundaysc tools of M'« ,,,„„„, D ,c, 30 

holidays was well »t«»Je 1 ""d a !«"" choi „ o| , he community 
we bad an all-day ™«- S J™ te °', «, n.on and the da, wa, enjoyed 

srir or c^,:".rhee„ w »-i.. rf * ^r^."^ 

' Rcm .fa, work (Conlercnce budge.) W Bet -^ ^ „, t|) . 

BTrc^r-i^^r'sSi^^ion. w . v... ^ 

uncil Jan S Eld. Jeremiah Tho 

as took charge. We elected office 

lg *d committees. We are all look- 

,.,.;« n i. Eld Jeremiah Thomas is to > IC "■ 

:°""°i 'X£: Cl.ltoi, Mill,, W. Va., Jan. 7, 

Salem church met 
absent, Bro. C. A. Tr, 

coming year and rear. 

s being 
for the 


xi « wi- had a Rood missionary- 
Rto UJre.-Sunday »->,»; *,"«£? tor'to-. »»»»?■■ 
thanksgiving program. An .••" our churd , a , 10 A . M.. 

The union Thanksgiving sers.c «' .„ g ive „ „„ Sunday 

with a »~'l "a We ohslr.e^l tb, »Hte Christmas by a. »J« 
SS5 lor".bf General M^^"" ,^"^""1^ 3-V- 

Sf-Tffa.- b^vtuth'.-d^hekwVerica.-Clyde O. l,cks, 
Hicc Lake, Wis-, Jan. 5. 

■ H1U1MII11H1" III1IIHH -H-* 

Execute Your Own Will 

You do this when you get one of our ■""f^^Jv* 
will m"n a big saving to the Lord s treasury m court costs, 
and lawyers' and administrators tees. 

* * * * 

But, If You Make A Will- 

form of bequest is recommended: 

■•I give and bequeath to .he General Mission Board of the 
&2&£friSr2Z £o»i.lnl .Heir 
«f— 2 and aSSiEnS ' {"."'be u«d""for °L purpoVe of 'the 
sSdBoi'd as' 'specified in their charter." 

Write for our booklet which tells about annuity bonds and wills 
A postal card will bring it 

rerveral Misa^vBoarc| 


Elgin, HI 


... S 2 - 00 

Peloubet's Select Note. ^ 

Tarbell', Teacher.' Guide 

Snowder.', Sund.y School Le«on. ^ 

Arnold's Pr.ctice.1 Comment.ry ... ._ ■■ _ ■ - 
Well.' Daily Di 8 «. of the Sundr., School Le. 

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tion) 7 j 

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Thousands are using these helps Help 

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There's many a reason 
its popularity. 

Good cooks wrote the 

The recipes are all Al. 
Good cooke recommend 

h discrimi- 
■s like the 

Good cook: 

People wi 
nating tasti 
products of the recipes. 

It's a neat book with 
a serviceable white oil- 
cloth binding, a thing 
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U\ i m i m ii m 1 1 hi i nun in ■ 

MMiii.MinmnimtinmuiiM.i iim inniH - 

_-«j ;i m their daughters and present 
Mothers recommend it to tneir » k 
them with a copy as they begin their own home. 

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| |..| I 11 111 11 I llllim I IIIHII'IIIIMIIIH 



The gospel_Messenger 

-™ — ' ~ .. Tjll we a n attain unto ... the stature ol 

-Thlk Gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached 
in the wnole world."-Matt. 24: 14. 

"* THY KINGDOM COME" — Matt. 9: io; tuke iv. z 

"Till we all attain unto ... the stature of 
the fulness of Christ."-Eph. 4: 13. 

In This Number 


-Part 3. By 


Editorial— . 

The Only Thing to Know 

The Greater Values First 

Master and Servant 

What to Do While You Wa.t 

Among the Churches, 

Around the World 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) 

General Forum— 

The Common Touch (Poem),-..--...- ■•■■■ 

Higher Education in the Church of the Bre.n.e.. .-. - - - - ^ 
W . W. Peters ■• " 50 

i-f J? .; nn of Stumbling. By O hve A. Smith '* 

tS ?S™PU«Tm™, «.V B, W. ,. W„ k u,o„ 53 

Pnstor nnd People- 
Stephen, the Hell 

l. ■* Warren Slabaugh « 

Letters From Foreign Lands (J. E. M-), ■■■-• ".""..i.W 

Solving a Puzzle. By E. M. Hertzlcr 

Home and Family— ^ 5S 

'■Moil Prints" By T. A. Mitchel ■ V'W 

How Do You' Eucourag, Your Child,,,, ,o Go to Sunooy-school! ^ 

By Florence S. Studebaker • 5g 

Nn Bible By Eleanor J. Brumbaugh ;;' "«'{,'■ « 

A Tragedy of the Divorce Court. By Jacob H. Holhnger. .. 



The Only Thing to Know 

When Paul determined not to know anything 
among the Corinthians save Jesus Christ and him 
crucified, the alternative which he excluded was not 
some wider application of Christian truth but philo- 
sophic subtleties which had nothing to do with human 
welfare. That this. was in his mind the immediate con- 
text of his statement plainly shows. Just what were 
the speculations of this " wisdom " which he decries is 
not told. We have a hint of them perhaps in their later 
development, in certain expressions found in Colos- 
sians and the pastoral epistles : " philosophy and vain 
deceit, "the tradition of men," "profane and old 
wives' fables," " endless genealogies," " words to no 
profit," etc. 

The wide range of Christian doctrine covered in 
Paul's writings, even in the Corinthian letter in which 
his declaration occurs, is proof of the broad scope he 
gave it. " Jesus Christ and him crucified " was and is 
a text big enough to answer every human need. Its 
implications omit nothing useful -to the largest and 
richest living. It cuts out the " babblings " and all 
manner of " no profit " things. It leaves the door wide 
open to every legitimate concern of life. Indeed that 
way of putting it is hardly strong enough. It requires 
that every such concern shall have its due attention. 
You can not fully know Jesus Christ and him crucified 
and neglect anything that pertains to human welfare. 

Yet the immediate bearing of the statement on Paul's 
loyalty is intensive rather than extensive. It asserts 
the single-heartedness with which _he gave himself to 
Christ and- the mission to which Christ had called him. 
It closely parallels another great saying, his apology to 
the Romans for his zeal in behalf of the Christian gos- 
pel. He was not ashamed of it because it was God's 
power for saving men, all men of whatever race. That 
was why he threw himself so ardently into the propa- 
gation of it. His loyalty to it got larger all the time, 
intensively and extensively. 

We can readily see here how thin and artificial after 
all the partition is between intensive and extensive 
loyalty enlargement. At least they are mutually con- 
tagious. You can not very well have one without the 
other, certainly not the first without the second. The 
very intensity of your devotion will demand that the 
gospel of Christ shall have the largest possible in- 
fluence, both in the number of people reached and in 

the number of life interests affected. The love of 
Christ constrains beyond all boundaries but that of 
exhausted strength. . 

That we may better see how all-inclusive this ideal is 
we ought to note that the words " and him crucified " 
serve to give emphasis and color to the central thought 
in the words " save Jesus Christ." They add nothing 
that is not already implicit without them but they do 
add weight and vividness. Who could know Jesus 
Christ without knowing him crucified? The very in- 
timation seems like idle mockery. 

For knowing Jesus Christ is knowing the Spirit of 
him and you can not get the full measure of that short 
of " him crucified." He loved unto the end, the utter- 
most, and the crucifixion was just that, loving to the 
uttermost. It was going right down to the depths of 
human woe, sharing the shame and misery of it, all 
because he desired above all 'things that sin-cursed men 
should hate their sins, turn from them with full pur- 
pose of heart and let him bury them in his Father s 
forgiving love. To know this, not merely to agree that 
it is so but to act in accordance with it, is to know 
Jesus Christ and him crucified. And to know nothing 
but Jesus Christ and him crucified is to know (to act 
accordingly) that release from sin and fellowship with 
God are possible in no other way. It is to know that 
this is the supreme concern of life and that nothing 
else really matters. It is to preach this and this only 
as the ground of human hope. 

So did Paul. So should we. This sort of narrow- 
ing of ambitions and activities will greatly enlarge our 
church loyalty. It will make it more intense, which is 
the first requisite. And as soon as it gets intense 
enough it will burst through that thin partition we 
referred to a moment ago and will become more ex- 
tensive also. It will want to spread itself to the far- 
thest corners of the world, and over every human re- 
lationship.- That is what comes of knowing, really 
knowing, Jesus Christ and him crucified. The heart of 
this knowing is not the acceptance of the dogma, it is 
the entering into the spirit of it and the carrying of 
that spirit everywhere, always, into every vocation, ev- 
ery business, everything necessary to the wellbeing of 


That spirit is the spirit of loving to the uttermost. 
Love to the uttermost is loving God with the whole 
heart This follows naturally, instinctively, inevitably, 
when you see in " him crucified " the culmination of 
God's love for men. Love to the uttermost is loving 
your neighbor as yourself. The spirit of " him cruci- 
fied " can be satisfied with nothing less. For that is 
what he did and that is why he was crucified. To 
know Jesus Christ and mm crucified is to love to the 
uttermost both God and men. To know nothing but 
Jesus Christ and him crucified is to know no other 
answer to the problem of human life than the answer 
of love. It is to believe in it absolutely and to commit 
oneself wholly to it as the cure for our innumerable 
human ills. It is to enter unreservedly upon this way 

of life. , 

We greatly need a great revival of the doctrine of 
Jesus Christ and him crucified. We know too much, 
too many things. We ought to know nothing save 
Jesus Christ and him crucified. 

ferred. But many things not exactly made of material 
substance are also destined to pass away. Organiza- 
tions and institutions, social, governmental, eccles- 
iastical, rise and fall. They have their day and cease 
to be. Only one thing lasts. 

Evidence accumulates, scientific as well as philo- 
sophical, that the ultimate entity is spirit. The impos- 
sibility of accounting for origins on any other than a 
spiritual basis supports the position that spirit alone is 
indestructible. Why then don't we give more care to 

Possibly the farm should have a new barn or the 
living room a new rug. We do not presume to advise 
on such deep matters. But have you considered 
whether the mind may not need a new viewpoint, or the 
heart a new feeltng toward somebody? This ought to 
be looked after first, lest there be not time enough for 

The Greater Values First 

!' Seest thou these great buildings?" the Master said 
to the disciples who had called to his attention the 
majestic splendor of the temple structure. It all looked 
very substantial but it was not going to last. And it 
did not last. It was not made of enduring stuff. 

Nothing material can last indefinitely. It is only a 
question of time. The day of dissolution is only de- 

Master and Servant 

Why should the pendulum of the ages swing back 
and forth as it does between asceticism and beastliness? 
Can we never learn the right relation between spiritual 
and material things? There is nothing evil about mat- 
ter until an evil spirit takes hold of it. 

Harmony of line and color is not sinful. Beauty is 
inspiring, cleansing. The human body is the handi- 
work of God. An insipid, poorly prepared dinner is 
no special aid to righteousness. 

The whole mischief lies in reversing the divine order 
and making the servant master. Physical things are 
useful, indispensable in their place. Their place is at 
the service of human spirits, not counter irritants but 
helps to spiritual activity, enriching it, strengthening it. 
The spiritual nature is properly in command, di- 
recting using, everything else, for its own perfecting, 
the end of which perfecting is the enjoyment of the 
best. No substance or power is to he despised. Only 
let all be used to help somebody to see more clearly, 
to think more cleanly, to choose more wisely. 

Those who know how thus to subordinate the good 
things of this world to the call of the spirit get vastly 
more real comfort from these good things than those 
who give them loose rein and follow whithersoever 
they may lead. For they lead to disappointment and 
disaster and death. Their tyranny is terrible. The 
despotism of their rule is awful. 

But they make servants of the first rank. Under 
control of a steady hand and a stout heart they are 
a great blessing. That is what they are for. That is 
why the good God made them. 

What to Do While You Wait 

A little while ago we read about some folks who 
" recognize in the idea of God something infinitely 
higher and greater than personality," and we read on in 
the hope that the writer would tell us what that higher 
and greater something is. But he did not nor did he 
give us any further clue to it. We can not think it was 
very nice in him to awaken such great expectations 
and then disappoint them. 

We have heard for quite a while now about this idea 
of a God who is not personal but is greater than per- 
sonal. Sometimes we seemed to catch a glimpse of that 
greater thing than personality but the outlines of it 
were too vague. We could not " recognize " it. Any- 
body who has had the good fortune to recognize it 
owes it to the rest of us to give us an introduction. 
Lest we begin to question the reality of the recognition. 

While we are waiting for that greater something to 
appear we shall do well to continue to love and trust 
the God who is the Infinite Spirit and the Father of 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 26, 1929 


The Common Touch 

That I mus .snec" simP s 

At trivial error of th hea ^ ^ 

"irr/tTheir^now and understand. 

•Edgar A. Guest. 

Higher Education in the Church of the 

EY w . w. PETERS 

In Five Parts— Part III 
, • > ™J nf the Brotherhood at large 

social unit circumscribed by to arc ^ 

cle with the lo^elephon exch -^ ^ ^ 

the distance to the farthest remo .^^ 

radius. The sentiment » ■» * d in the 

f^^K--^? s ° n John 


cational opportunities for all ^ tne ^ 

i« ; n all the communities ot an me =". 
people in al the c ^ ^ b] h 

you do you even so to them, and, Of a 

„, <,, , ... «... «... » »«-• s i 1, 

ment but in tne greai » « suffer ne 

suffers and is retarded in its progress by the suffering 
Z.A weakness in the individual congregation. 
"It activities in the church which promote the 
weTfare of righteousness in the world are worthy ac- 
uities and should be given equitable consideration n 
to church program. To say that such has not been 
Ae case in me history of the church is merely to state 
ftrutsm In our eagerness and enthusiasm to pro- 
mot; a certain activity, however worthy -t may have 

a friend of the highest good to the 

ys— . »* ; — to the u,t;mate g 

the Brotherhood as * whole , „m 

become the umt of thmtong a y ^ way 

^S'mtrSn^-Wed in the above 

^Theconce P ,ot^ =e ^-- 
Brotherhood as a whole and the con ^ 

enti Brotherhoo^e^ Hur^ 

° Ur - „ * 111 The following is a partial 
our college P™^^ and enlarg eme,it of loyal- 
illustration m the transier tQ 
tie s for an individual: to >T**£X*. « '^ 
p ,aymates. to local cornmu^, local c ^ ^ 
elementary school, to hign sci , 
to state, to nation and to na ions of the wo ^ 

-er, un.ess ^^^Sni^^alty to 
pands into a large : loyalty t ^ ^ 

of humanity. rhnaama wor«; hence, 

(5) We live in an ever clmngmg w . 

five years ago . i the ^Church ^^ ^^ 

Xe^aho^ present co^^ur- 

mu^t be total basfs for our higher education poh- 

Cie fM The entire Brotherhood must more and more 
become the unit of thinking and planning in organizing 
and executing the work of to church, . 

(c) Transfer and enlargement of loyalties 
sential to human progress, and 

(d) We live in an ever changing world, hence 
quate adjustments must be made? 

Champaign, 111 

the vision of God. 
Huntington, Ini. 

mote a certain activity, nowevc, ,w.„. >-< h 
been we have overstated its merits and underrated tne 
merits of other worth-while activities and the res h 
too often has been that the resources of the church, 
both physical and spiritual, have been utilized not to 
to corporate good of all of the activities of to church. 
"In union tore is strength." Our slogan should be 
■■Our church for to glory of God and the service of 

'Trvtstitution within to church which drains ito 
reLrces of to church out of proportion to an equ.ta- 
b Istrmution of the resources and thus impoverishes 
other necessary activities or institutions ,s scarcely to 

Faith in Salvation 


Life is an enigma and to future hides from us its 

solution Yet, many of to difficulties which whisper 

of d "pair may be overcome, even in anticipation, by 

the thought that God knows what he is about to do; 

be future has no difficulties for him. Of Jesus , was 
tne lutu ^ he would do 

ZCl -6 wfrr^y not be able to read the nddTe 
St, but he who sets it before us knows the answer 
when he asks the question. 

If we knew all that God knows tore would be an 
end of faith; we should see the future as we see the 
past and faith would be lost in sight. But, We walk 
by faith," not because of necessity in the case, but be- 
cause in the light of faith alone is reached the true rel- 
ationship of God and man. What we know or think 
we know we reckon as within the control of our own 
"I, and' consequently as outside God. We are often 
empted to wish God would tell us all that is going to 
happen forgetting that if he did so, we should >m- 
nieTately appropriate that knowledge as par, of our- 
selves and in thought banish God from our lives. 

Of the man who depends on reason alone as the 
guide of action, it is true that, " God is not in all his 
thoughts " Bu where faith is the guide, God ,s every- 
wh r'e and in all things. Faith is not demanded by 
God as an arbitrary test of our submission, but or- 
dained as a spiritual process which sight can not sub- 

A Sunday in the Villages of Africa 


— ^-~^r:rinS 

walking amid thorn bushes all ^ u^ o™ 

rocks and stones. Neither ne you care 

your shoes-that is "^"^S sunshine for 

ence is likely to be clothed „ smiles . 

the most par,, and why f OU '^erior decoration? 

ce „ce and modesty with to .much >**n ^ ^ 

It is a strange fact that an 

best. Those coming from «" "^ w 

civilization and progress. m,g ^^^ Here 
talk about and criticize m am. comp rf 

the missionaries are compelled fc c ea^ 
bomehkeness, but it has to be done nd «« ^ ^ 

CirCUm ~t t^i ^ -tot light and considera- 
pressionsmus ta Wt wtee ^ peopl 

tion. But out ineic superstition and 

live and toil in tte /^.m a n deUslon are crying 
drudgery, where need a -n clep ^ 

out day and mght for -^ ^ traditlons 

die and women are slaves ; throug ^ ^ 

of barbarity, where human hearte _ anc ^ 

await the love and bl -»^^V to most critical 
there that missions surpass the nope o 
Ind the harvest is a hundred, oM and mo ■ ^ 

Bro. Helser led the way. H«keen ^ 

to this village and that » ™^ "f and cor n fields 
fiends. Voices came on, of to 1 g« ^ ^ under _ 
where no one was visible, wna ^ 

stood not, but to great smite of our pdot m 
i, was only the outburst of £ ^ o f^ in | svm . 
,beir friend. He has .the .happy fa» g -f J J^ 
pathy, counsel rebuke or ^V«n« J was 

same smile and concern We me, o, 
being rather forced by his village ^tc ^ 0" ^ 

and was on his way thereto. Bro Hdse 
that whether Mohammedan o r C ^ nstian t ^ 

tected those who attended prayers, ne 
, ps and returned to the morning worsBp_ 
If,er about ,vemu r re ^ the ^ 


expense. Ut course j tropical 

but , his is enough to protect f om ^ th ha, ^ P^ 

sun, and when erected by those , wno v 

dedicated to to Lord, may surpag ^ »- S 

tll ose who assemble » spmtta ^^J^ 

ful temples erected with to price o ^ 

We at in a eommonf-;^ & the worship 

most part, the sin m ' , vmc fi we re 

quiet and reverent except : wto t« J^^ 

admitted on good behavior had to be ex 

t o fioht Even this is mere commonplace m r. 
of a hgnt. even change of rever- 

a n d the worship — es^ h^e chang ^ ^ 

:b:Bread St ofUfe%eryhod^ r toa = 

and applications ^^** °™ 
salutations were in order. A ie» 

56 H^e the chapel is rectangular. I, ^was on« blown 

aee they rebuilt and anchored it to a tree is 

avoid a repetition. Here the service was much like to 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1929 


s=ssss»*;arii:£ •kits?- -.-- rt - tf-rJSS&SrsS 

a few unscrupulous villains, greedily gloating over the I __.,.,.. „ t „,„ ,,„„,,. But eat- 

clink of gold into their overfilled coffers, sit enthroned 
behind luxurious desks gleefully chuckling as they 
treacherously plan the gameful by which they 
are to cheat truth, and force into the minds of our 

E P tato that not all should forsake him. He is in- 
1 gent, a Bible student, and has a deep conv.C.on on 
fust claims, but the long years of hablt and com- 
ZS» conditions are hard to overcome. As we sat 
rjSkrf we could not help but pray that such a fine 
old man, with splendid face, though blind, might be 

riven at least the inward light that < 

1_ • T?—l^.~tA inrl ^KlMl 

'™: ^thtn ab^na«;iie ? Is there nothing in this 
ould make Christ yum. „„«..?. Must our child- 

given Lll iV-— ~ . . 

fully known as his Friend and Sav.or ! 

Then we turned our horses homeward under the 
Jre of an African sun. These are villages where our 
'Sonaries have been in contact for several yea- 
/number of Christians are developing. Faces are 
clearing up, and hearts and lives are respond.™ 
W e remembered the old blind man, w> 
face of inquiry, we felt God was winning his life. It 
vas here that we could see the light breaking into hun- 
„ and needy lives that makes the reward of a mis- 
sionary better than gold. It is this joy that makes a 
"of a home church, with any salary they ^ 
him, envious of this distant and hard work. It is a 
grTat privilege to bring the light to one who has not 
known there was any ! ' 

We returned to Garkida by one o'clock to lunch and 
later to offer a word to the sick and suffering a he 
hospital. But our work was only a small part of the 
contacts of that day among the villages Other mis- 
ionaries were up early to go in other directions. 
About forty-four of the boys and men visited twenty 
villages in addition, walking as far as nine miles to hold 
»e service and give such light as they, themsdves 
had already received. It is most interesting to see the 
zeal of these black folks in evangelistic effort among 
their friends and kindred. Without remuneration, 
and often without appointment, they go everywhere 
preaching the gospel. They make some mistakes no 
doubt, but it is all so refreshing and apostolic compared 
with so much of our highly organized and paid for 
religious work in the homeland, that one wonders and 
thanks God. It all prophesies great hope for the fu- 
ture at least. And as we see the radiant faces of these 
boys hear them pray, watch them sing, and see them 
go forth with such spontaneous and enthusiastic evan- 
gelism, we wish a bit of this zeal of their first love 
might be transferred to the churches of the west, and 
forever maintained for ourselves. 

Garkida, Nigeria. 

■ > ■ 


nation that is sacred, save profits?- Must our child- 
hood be pushed aside to make way for mere com- 
modities? Must the lungs, hearts and brains of the 
rising generation be consumed in an enterprise whose 
only claim to virtue is its capacity for financial gain? 
Let us at least demand that any poison advertised for 
riufeame; human consumption be blazenly labelled "Poison 
and bear the symbol of the skull and cross bones !-Afc- 
Phcrson Republican. 
McPherson, Kans. 


There are in the United States 15,000 scientists. Of 
these not one has ever been able to report an experi- 
ment the results of which indicated that the use of to- 
bacco is beneficial to human life. Not a single ex- 
periment has justified the conclusion that the practice is 
of no significance-that it doesn't matter. On the other 
band, hundreds of experiments have clearly demon- 
strated that tobacco is positively harmful. 

Yet in spite of this one-sided mass of evidence, every 
time my boy and girl walk the length of our street 
they are told in big bold letters, rendered attractively 
skillful art, that a certain brand of cigarettes are as 
wholesome as all outdoors." They are advised by nota- 
ble personages that certain brands excel, that A pipe 
is a pal," and that " Truth always prevails." 

If they pass down Main Street the most attractive 
window trims of the town powerfully argue to their 
ambitious, defenseless young minds that the greatest 
enjoyment comes through -smoking, and that great 
popular and successful men and women indulge in it. 

I am a scientist, trained in the art of investigation. 
I have used this herb in experiments to kill animals. 
I know it is a most effective poison against insect pests. 
Whole shelves of books from scientific men universally 
agree that the use of tobacco is unwise and injurious. 
My own observations through twenty-five years con- 
vince me of the truth of this contention, and in ^con- 
versations with hundreds of friends who have fallen 
victim to the habit not one has ever been found to 
recommend it. 

As a parent I can teach the truth upon this subject; 

Some Brethren Pathfinders 


15. The Kentucky Committee 
Eld Wolfe is now called to a special council in 
Muhlenberg County, Ky. It may have been before the 
debate or soon after. At any rate it was in 1820. He 
was accompanied by Eld. James Hendricks of Cape 
Girardeau County, Mo., and possibly others. The An- 
nual Meeting had appointed another comm.ttee, all 
eastern elders, to a further consideration of the condi- 
tions among the "Far Western Brethren, as the 
churches in Kentucky, Missouri and Illinois were 
designated. Four years before another committee of 
which Wolfe an3 Hendricks were a part, had expelled 
some of the unfaithful ministers in Shelby County, and 
the others probably left the church of their own accord. 
while the more faithful members likely emigrated to 
Illinois. Missouri and other church in 
the state. 

In Kentucky there were several churches. We are 
not sure of the number. The first was known as the 
Drake's Creek congregation, in Warren County, proba- 
bly the older of the group. Then the Muhlenberg 
church, Muhlenberg County, was organized Wednes- 
day Tune 8, 1814. The third, Grayson County church, 
was organized on Sunday, Oct. 2, of the same year. 
Some writers mention two others, one in Simpson 
County and the other in Logan County. We know 
nothing of the dates of their organization or their his- 
tory The counties named were fairly well grouped, 
placing the churches not so far apart. Omitting the 
church in Shelby County we have probably, all told, 
five congregations in the Blue Grass State at the time 
of this meeting, with some scattered and isolated mem- 
bers in other parts, numbering possibly less than 250 
communicants, counting thirty-five or forty members 
to the congregation, and making allowances for the 
scattered membership. Forty members to a congre- 
gation for pioneer churches would be a safe estimate. 
Including some added later on and those in iShelby 
County the estimate might be brought up to 300. This 
estimate is all out of line with the estimates made by 
H R Holsinger in his History of the Tunkers, and 
certain writings by that fine, Abram H. 
Cassel both of whom place the number at 1,500. but 
neither of these writers seems to have analyzed care- 
fully the real situation. Fifteen hundred members di- 
vided up among six churches would mean 250 members 
to the congregation. We had no such churches in any 
part of the west in those early days. Some 1.500 mem- 
bers and an average of forty to the congregat.on, would 
make not less than thirty-seven churches for the state 
In 1820, or even ten years later, the Brethren could 
claim no such a representation in any western state. 
This indicates that the estimate published by Holsinger 
was made without careful regard for facts. 

At this Muhlenberg meeting several points were 
taken up for consideration, some of them involving the 
two churches in Missouri and Illinois, and that made 
it necessary for Wolfe and Hendricks to take an active 
part in the deliberations, though they were not, strict- 

KXK£— » of the devil. But eat 
ing the supper before the feet-washing service appear 
to have be'en the more, vital point. The personally o 
the devil was only a matter of speculation and e». y 
disposed of. The final restorat.on doctnne as a theory 
had long disturbed our people in many parts of the 
Brotherhood and needed only a little explanation As 
regards fashionable attire, all of our pioneer preacher 
were strong advocates of plainness. With the right 
ITnd of teaching the leaders were endeavoring to keep 
the different congregations properly fined up. But the 
time of eating the Lord's Supper and the single mode 
oTfeet-washing proved to be the problem, and especial- 
ly the former. 

Wolfe and Hendricks were both able men good rea- 
soned and well informed, men of great faith, deep 
Piety and a high order of spirituality. With then 
piety, ability and resourcefulness in argument they 
Lde a splendid impression on the comm.ttee and a ter 
considering the problem for hours the brethren from 
he ^t finally told Wolfe and Hendricks to continue 
in their way of observing the two ordinances feet- 
washing and the Lord's Supper, until they learned bet 
er then make the change. This showed a fine spirit 
upon the part of the eastern brethren and was apprec- 
iated byV western members of whom Wo, e a d 
Hendricks were at that time the recognized leaders, 
"nd were continued in charge of the Kentucky situa- 
tion. But this thing of making them prosecu^ 
attorney judge and jury in their own case was to them 
new method of disposing of what had been to a 1 the 
western churches a serious problem. It sent the two 
doers back to their churches in Illinois and Missouri 
with something to think about. 

Now comes the touching point in the manner of life 
Hved by these preachers of the wild and thinly settled 
vest Some weeks after Wolfe reached his home, at 
o" sboro, Union County. Illinois, he received a ong 
and carefully written letter from some of the eastern 
brethren, in which the supper question was quite fully 
d Sussed. They made it clear to Wolfe that wh e the 
supper was made ready, and was on the table, ,t was 
not actually eaten until the Master had washed the feet 
: his disciples and resumed his place * the table. 
After going over all the scriptures c.ted, and compar- 
i them with the reasoning set forth, he became con 
iced that he had been in the wrong. »d hat the 
eastern brethren were right in engaging in the r,te of 
feet-washing before eating the Lord's Supper. In- 
e d of sending this letter to the Brethren in Missoun, 
Amounted bfs trusty horse and rode forty m.le , 
through the thinly settled country, in order to pre 
sent h letter and its points to Eld. Hendricks ni pe- 
on After the usual greeting and formalities Wolfe 
addressed Hendricks about thus: "Well, I ^receiver la 
tetter rom the Eastern Brethren, and I believe that 
hev a e right." For the moment this almost dum- 
ounded Hendricks, who began casting about in his 
Lind as .0 whether Wolfe himself had been led astray. 
B t like two good friends and faithful leaders an stu- 
dents they, together, got right down to a close and 
care ul study of the letter and scriptures referred to. 
Tnd in a little while Bro. Hendricks also became con- 
vinced that the Supper, at a communion serv.ce, should 
be eaten after the rite of 

After the two elders became fully satisfied that they 
hafbeen mistaken they both presented the matter o 
their churches, and all the members saw that there 
co u ,d not possibly be any room .between the supp 
and the communion for, for it is said n 
the Sacred narrative, that as they did eat Jesus took 
bread But with this matter under adv sement they 
also agreed that there was no time for the salutat on 
or anThng else while passing from the supper to the 
mmtion service. And so they were all muted m 
observing the love feast ordinances by first a 
parfof John 13, to be followed by the 
Single mode, then the Lord's Supper, passing the loaf 


as a farewell greeting. 

Wolfe and Hendricks continued to look : afte, he 

n orXest, Lt far from a good ^/^m „« 
Mississippi River, and a goodly number of them 


Tinnms with lo-i/ o^ er lllUL > u . f1 j 

^ nf a few years. While this was going on Eld. 

elaership a young minister, twenty-three years old, 
named Tsham Gibson, and four months later, Sept. 20, 
gTnted the Long Creek church, Muhlenberg County 
K y the second church for that county. Soon after 
Ws he and Eld. Joseph Dick of Kentucky moved mo 
Sangamon County, 111., which place they reached n 
fsTta leaving the churches in Kentucky greatly 
weakened in leadership. 

In an "Ancient Document," bearing date of June 
,0 1830. see History of Churches of Southern Illi- 
nois this Eld Joseph Rowland names four churches 
T K e uck i., Drakes Creek, Grayson County, 
Mumenberg County and Long Creek. Were there any 
more? If so, why did he not name them? He says, 
« And in all the above churches are bishops, minis ters 
and deacons." This would ind.cate that in 1830 the e 
tour congregations were fully organized and seemingly 
n good worting condition. But what became of them 
Who knows? Up to 1831, that late at least, Elders 
Wolfe and Hendricks visited them. Some records say 
that in 1826 they were waited on by another Annual 
Meeting committee. Did they diseiplme them? From 
what Eld. Rowland says, four years later, we would 
naturally conclude that they were in peace, in good 
standing, and in proper working condition. Bu what 
became of them? We shall see in another chapter. 
Scbring, Fla. ^^ 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1929 

Our Conversion 


There are some things that one must take time and 
persistent effort to accomplish. I'do not think that 
one could shoot straight enough to hit the mark the 
first or second time. For it would take some time to 
become expert. The man who endeavors to swim has 
to learn how before he can trust himself m the deep 
water and that takes some time. The list is large o 
the things for which effort and time must be used if 
anything is to be accomplished. The boy has to 
and grow a long time before he becomes a man. 

The child is born at once. It begins to cry and 
breathe and kick as soon as it comes into the world. 
Its breath starts and it keeps on breathing until the 
moment of its death. From the moment it is born it is 
a human being, and one sees that it is a different crea- 
ture from the puppy and the kitten. Its development 
and growth does not change its being. It remains a 
man-a being of the human species. Its lack of culture 
may bring it pretty low, but it is a man nevertheless. 

We are told that once man had a higher plane of 
living That he was created good. That he could have 
remained good if he had liked. But, he allowed him- 
self to be tempted and was overcome and fell. Man 
never was able to compute what a loss that was, but 
it must have been, very great. For it took an especial 
interposition of God to reinstate him in his favor. On 
God's part, there was the shedding of blood that his 
sins might be remitted. On man's part a new birth was 
instituted that he might be a child of God. 

The begetting and giving of birth was reestablished 
that man might again walk in newness of life before 
God This second birth comes about at once and is 
able to change his whole life. That which was directed 
by the flesh, which was corrupted by sin, comes to be 
directed by the spirit. His affections are to be changed, 
the sinful pleasures of his life are now forsaken, and 
his citizenship is changed from this world, or the 
kingdom of this world to the kingdom of heaven. In- 

stead of being clothe,! with the garb of this world he 
dons the robe of righteousness. 

Th field of righteousness may not be large to begin 
wi h but it is the field of righteousness. We are no 
converted by degrees. That is done at once _We be 
ri„ at the bottom with righteousness. Sometimes we 
failof breaking off old habits. We do not d that 
We deny them, and leave neither root not branch. We 
cease to do evil; then, our field enlarges and we learn 
Too we,,. It is. not. a part of conversion when we 
.row in grace. That is enlarging our field. 
" The ease of a German illustrates how some people 
g at conversion. The ears of his dog did not please 
him He reasoned that he wanted to be humane w th 
Wm but he wanted the ears off the dog. So he cut a 
S piece of the ear off at a time repeated at mt - 
vals His aim seemed to be good enough, but his 
method was at fault. The burden should have been 
lifted at once, then the dog could have had rest. Re 
pent and be baptized for the remission of your sins 
Get them all away from you and keep them away as 
much as you can. Not a failure should be excused. 

My To" and I went down to the Pacific Garden Mis- 
sion in Chicago one night. This place is noted as the 
place where Billy Sunday was converted. Some of 
the things that occurred there I shall never forget One 
tall colored man sang a sacred song. I was deeply im- 
pressed with the song that he sang. I think that 1 
must have been singing songs in some of the -jM 
places that he had been frequenting, and easily turned 
to singing in the mission. The songs that he sang a 
the pkasure resorts where he rioted with the world 
were evidently of the baser sort. That was in keeping 
with the spirit of the place. But here he sang sacred 
songs. He did not seem to have so far to come to be 
converted. . , 

It is wonderful that God's grace and love is often 
so near to us in our sins. That in our sinful days we 
may be developing a talent that may be of good use 
to us in his praise. That was one step toward his con- 
version. Two men sat at organs and seconded the 
songs that were sung. I think that this, like the other 
was what they often did when they were in sin. and 
by it contributed to the revelries. A lady was at the 
piano I do not know whether she was one of the 
workers, or like the others, just one that had been 
brought in the mission. During the services a man 
was listened to while he played on a guitar. I have 
thought that these exercises were made up for the 
encouragement of these new people. 

Some of it was not a proper fruit of the converted 
man for it seemed to me that they did not want them 
to forget all of their old haunts right away. In othei 
words they were seemingly converting them by de- 
grees—as sometimes a drunken man is sobered up by. 
»iving him a little whisky. Now, I think that one 
ought to be taught to come out fully for Christ at 
once ; not to be continually changing his state, but im- 
proving, enlarging and strengthening his field. Al, the 
powers that he has should be for Christ even though 
they be small. 

It is said that " faith changes the heart of a man 
He sees God as his Savior. Many a man has had 
f th but never repented. He did not look at himself 
with an eye of faith. When man sees how vile he ,s 
and how God offers him pardon, he is made to repen 
of sins, to renounce them and learn to dc , we 11. One 
can easily see that this changes his life. He step* out 
from the world and is baptized into Christ for the 
mission of the sins of which he has repented. WeU 
when he turned from the sins and looked to God, that 
was his conversion. 

A profession does not mean a conversion. A ma 
may walk out in the world and claim to to converted 
wh o has upon him the badge of sin. The badge may 
he in the clothes that he wears, or ,. may be in the ab 
se „ce of them. It may be in the face where su hath 
w ought. It may be in the actions, or the words that 
he utters One can not counterfeit sm. A saintly 
d esse man may be a hypocrite, but a worldly dressed 
ma „ can not well be a saint. We are taught to let our 
light shine (Matt. 5:16), 

But a conversion means a profession, not for show 
but that men may see " your good works, and glori- 
fy your Father in heaven." A converted man ought 
to go after the new life in earnest. " Therefore, if any 
i is in Chris, he is a new creature; old togs are 
passed away; behold they are become new (2 Cor_ >■ 
17) « For what doth it profit a man to gam the whole 
world and forfeit his life?" Some of the better con- 
duct is mentioned. » For ye both had ^passion «A 
them .habere in bonds, and took joyfully the spoiling 
of your possessions, knowing that ye have or your- 
selves a better possession " (Heb. 10 : 34) . After th, 
life is gone one has no power to recover. While he 
has it, it is wise to look to its welfare. 
McComb, Ohio. 

The Occasion of Stumbling 

Paying the Preacher 


In conversation with a certain brother who called 
at my office the other day he remarked that they were 
not paying their pastor what they should, and yet there 
were only three families in their congregation that 
were receiving larger salaries than the pastor. How 
does the salary of your pastor compare with the re- 
muneration of the rest of the families 1n your congre- 
gation? It is well, at times, to consider this in the 
light of the Golden Rule. 

But the brother did not stop with this. Lookmg 
over the bookshelf he asked for a certain book in 
which he was interested and which he believed" would 
be appreciated by his pastor. Before he left he took 
with him a copy of " Prohibition Still at Its Worst," 
remarking that his pastor will enjoy reading that book 
and adding it to his growing library. This was his 
way of remembering the pastor and assisting him in 
his work. 
Elgin, III. 


It is foolish and altogether irrational to have our 
faith chilled or paralyzed by the moral collapse of some 
person who was supposed to be strong. It is absurd 
to feel more deeply hurt by the un-Chnsttan conduct 
of a neighbor or friend from whom we expect much, 
than from one who makes no claim to Christian stand- 
ards Yet we are all affected by these lapses. We 
fail to consider that we can know nothing of the meas- 
ure of failure or success that has been attained by the 
one who seems to fall. We know absolutely nothing 
of what might have been if the profession of disc.p e- 
ship had not been made. Still, there is the wound, the 
indefinable tremor of faith which follows every occur- 
rence of strikingly unbecoming conduct. 

There is another effect, far more pitiable than this 
wounding of the spirit. There is the growing cynicism 
and indifference of a world that has ceased to expect 
anything of the profession of discipleship Occas.onal- 
ly we hear it remarked that people outside the church 
are more likely to be reasonable and fair in business 
relations than those who are in the church. In other 
words our modem world is coming more and more in- 
to the attitude of ceasing to expect anything idealistic 
in everyday relations with those who should be the 
greatest idealists. 

In a certain suburban city community of young peo- 
ple there is only one couple who are actively engaged 
in church work or who hold (nembership in any or- 
ganization. And. unfortunately, these two persons 
are the ones who appear to fall far short of the com- 
munity standard in dealings with their neighbors. 
Kindness, helpfulness, tolerance-any of those com- 
mon virtues which go to make up " neighborl.ness, 
seem to have no part in the program of these young 
persons who never miss a Sunday or mid-week meet- 
i„.x of their church. Nothing is said about it because 
the community is steeped in this modern conception ot 
church membership as a mere social or business affair, 
having no relation to practical Christianity. 

A brand of Christianity which does not make us 
"easier to live with," as some one has expressed it. 
is not a brand which commends itself to a workaday 
world And one which permits the growth of envy 
and jealousy can never make the world a better place 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1929 

to live in. We must judge every profession by its 
products, even though we can not accurately judge the 
forces which influence the product. 

The representatives of foreign mission work invaria- 
bly say that the great difference between the profession 
of Christianity in their countries and ours, is .that we 
do not " take our religion seriously." It is surprising 
how frequently one who keeps his ears open will hear 
that expression. Edward Hickman, one of the most 
brutal youthful murderers of this day, claimed to have 
been " converted " in childhood, but said that, when 
he went to Kansas City, people did not seem to take 
their religion seriously, so he assumed the same atti- 

It is a serious matter, this discipleship about which 
we talk so glibly and which we carry so lightly. It 
means a desperate struggle to keep our standards high 
and ever rising to meet the rising needs of a world 
which seems to be letting go of idealism in everything 
but the things having to do with acquisition of material 
things. Men who never before appeared to do ques- 
tionable things or take an unfair advantage of another, 
are doing these things now, for, as they say, they 
must " keep the pace." It is a terrible mistake spir- 
itually to stumble— and it is more terrible to cause the 
stumbling of another. Some of the bitterest anathemas 
ever uttered by our Savior were concerning the re- 
sults of allowing one's self to be a stumbling-block to 

■' It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, 
nor anything whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is 
offended, or is made weak." Thus Paul writes to the 
Romans concerning abstinence from habits or prac- 
tices which may be harmful to another. It is directly 
opposed to the principle of personal liberty, so-called, 
which obtains in this day. How much better to seek 
one's pleasures and practices from a list which can not 
be harmful to anyone, under any ordinary circum- 
stances of life! How much better to do a little rigor- 
ous culturing of one's own tastes, rather than follow 
the path of least-resistance thus helping to popularize 
something which may mean moral or spiritual ruin to 
any other human being 1 

Even with the highest possible standards and the 
most persistent cherishing of the best ideals, we all of 
us appear to do an immense amount of harm through 
our personalities. There is the negative side to human 
nature which always operates, particularly in the case 
of children and adolescent youth. The mystery of the 
good parent and the bad child is really no mystery. 
The worst of parents sometimes have the best of chil- 
dren, and so in every relation of-life. The good that 
we try to do seems to work harm. For this reason we 
need to be doubly careful in this matter of becoming a 
stumbling-block through our own selfishness, or care- 
lessness, or a deliberate failure to apply the principles 
of discipleship in our everyday dealings. Paul's warn- 
ings were as nothing to compare with the pronounce- 
ment of the Master upon those who could be called 
the cause of stumbling. 

"Whosoever shall offend one of these little ones 
that believe in me, it is better that a millstone were 
hanged about his neck and he were cast into the sea." 

Kansas City f Mo. 

■ » » — 

The Pastor's Place in Men's Work 


The work of the laymen as we talk about it is the 
work of the church. The first responsibility therefore 
rests with the pastor to get these laymen into action 
under his inspiration and leadership. In all Men's 
Work organizations the pastor is a member ex-offic.o 
of the Executive Committee, and the pastor should not 
want to wait for the arrival of an outside person to 
prescribe a program of work for the local men. Bishop 
Henderson once said : " The laymen do not move out 
ahead of their pastors. They are the associates of their 
pastors, but never the substitutes for their pastors." 

When ive talk about the work of the church we 
think above everything else of the regenerative work of 
the church, as a spiritual force moving in the hearts of 
men. This main program of the church must be 
worked out by the pastor and laymen together in com- 

plete cooperation with each other. The general procla- 
mation of the word of God must be supplemented by 
individual contacts by the laymen. 

As laymen we are always too ready to unload re- 
sponsibility on the other fellow, and especially do we 
settle back with complacency in the matter of leader- 
ship, to let the pastor assume that important function 
for all the rest of us in matters of the real work of the 
church. Every layman today knows that this is true, 
more true today than' ever before. We allow our- 
selves to become religiously lazy or indifferent in the 
real work of the church. We have an intellectual ap- 
praisal of the things that should be done. We satisfy 
ourselves in building up marvelous church organiza- 
tions which take all of such time as we are pleased to 
put in church work without putting the heart throbs of 
our sympathy and our personal interest into the real 
work of the church. 

This is plain speech coming from a layman, and it re- 
quires courage to say it; and it requires equally as 
much courage for the pastor to say some things that 
should be said to the individual layman. In trying to 
get at the truth we indulge too often in too much am- 
biguous speech. 

Dr. Fosdick says : " It is so easy to preach about re- 
pentance, without making anybody feel like repenting." 
If a definite personal experience is fundamental hi 
our church life, then it seems to me that we are gradu- 
ally drifting away from such requirements, and I be- 
lieve a large share of the responsibility is with those 
preachers who are not seriously concerned about a 
definite experience, whose preaching becomes a pro- 
fession, dealing with folks en masse, rather than indi- 

After all the pastor's real job is that one of spiritual 
adviser to his members, and every layman in our 
church should feel at liberty to have repeated inter- 
views with his pastor and say to him : " Pastor, I do 
not know if I am prepared to do what is expected of 
me in this laymen's work, and I want to talk it all over 
with you. If I am not fit I want you to tell me how to 
become fit. If I lack spiritual preparation, I want you 
to help me to become spiritually prepared. If I lack 
courage I want you to help me to get courage. And if 
I need to be taught the lesson of cooperation, will you 
do that for me, too ?" 

Let's confer often with our pastor about the real 
work of the church. Let's check up on ourselves to 
find out what kind of men we really are in our com- 
munity and in our church. Let's try to develop a more 
effective way of carrying on the work of the kingdom 
in our local churches. 
Chicago, III. 


An outstanding need in our circle is that of adequate 
doctrinal information and inspiration. A special course of 
ten lessons will be offered. Two or more delegates should 
be sent from eacli local church who are not only interested 
but capable of taking the work of the institute back to 
their local churches. Two delegates can take all of the 
courses and thus carry the full benefit back home. More 
than two should attend if possible. 

Daily Program 
10:00-10:50— Church Administration.— Kuf us D. Bowman. 

The Christian Family.— Walter M. Kahlc. 
11: 00-11: SO-Church History and Doctriuc.-Paul H. Bow- 
Missionary Materials and Methods— Norman 
A. Seese. 
12:00- 1:00— Period for lunch and general fellowship. 
1 : 00- 1 : 50— Bible Hour.— F. F. Holsopple. 
1:30- 2:40— Church Administration.— Ruf us D. Bowman. 

The Christian Family.— Walter M. Kahle. 
2:40- 3:30— Church History and Doctrine.-Paul H. Bow- 
Missionary Materials and Methods— Mrs. F. 
F. Holsopple. 

Evening Program 
7 : 30 - 8 : 20— Bible Hour— F. F. Holsopple. 
8:20-8:40— Worship.— C. S. Ikenberry. 
8-40-9:10— Special Messages, etc. 

Monday evening: Christian Courtship and Marriage.- 
E. C. Crumpackcr. 

Tuesday evening: Christ and Modern Methods.— J. A. 
Dove. . . 

Wednesday evening: The Church and the Social Prob- 
lem— E. F. Sherfy. 

Thursday evening: Christian Citizenship.-H. W. Peters. 

Board and room will be supplied by the school to those 

who come from a distance at a small cost of seventy-five 

cents per day, or thirty-five cents per meal. Those who 

come from surrounding churches will bring their lunch. 

The "Y Room" will be available at the noon hour lor all 

Who bring lunch. Those who expect lodging at the 

^ademy should notify Norman A. Seese in advance so 

that proper arrangements may be made for their comfort. 

Daleville Academy, 

Daleville, Va. Walter M. Kahle. 

" The women of the churches arc organized for definite 
tasks and they succeed in accomplishing great things for 
humanity. A church whose men are not organized is only 
half effective and will fail in many of the undertakings 
which properly belong to her. Ministers may lead and give 
inspiration but laymen must organize if work is to be 
do ne."-Thomas F. Holgate. Dean Northwestern University. 


The Daleville Bible Institute will be held Feb. 17-22. un- 
der the auspices of Joint Boards of First and Southern Dis- 
tricts of Virginia and Daleville Academy. 

The needs and purposes of our people seem to demand 
a stronger program of religious instruction and endeavor. 
After much serious thought on the part of the leaders of 
our Districts it has been agreed that a special effort should 
be mad* to present a new type of program this year which 
will endeavor to serve the needs of our various local 
churches in the most constructive way possible. 

This Bible Institute is intended primarily for church 
leaders but will be open to all who may be interested. 
Each of the five courses offered will be given on a credit 
basis so that our workers who are taking credit through our 
Leadership Training Schools may take courses leading lo 
additional credits at this special institute. Two of the 
courses will run at the same period so that one person will 
be able to take three courses and the special addresses dur- 
ing the week. 


The Young Men's Christian Association Conference will 

be held at McPhcVson College, Feb. 3-4. Sherwood Eddy 

will speak. Everyone is welcome and Ministers are cspc 

cially urged to come. 

The Ministerial Regional Conference will be held Feb. 5- 
8 inclusive. Motto: Larger Churches (or the Church of 
tiie Brethren. Bro. .1. J. Yoder will be chairman. The pro- 
gram is as follows: 

8' 00 A. M., Bible Study— J. Hugh Heckman. 
v' 00 A M . The Problem of Pastoral Care.-J. A. Robinson. 
10 : 00 A. M.. Joint Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A. 
10:45 A. M„ Selecting Sermon subjects and Gathering Ma- 
terial for Sermons.— J. W. I.ear. 
12 00 to 12:15 P. M., Closing for Noon .Hour. 
2-00 P. M., New Goals for the Church of the Brethren — 
H. R. Hostetler, George Btirgin, M. R. Zigler. 
3:00 P. M„ Working Our Church Organizations.-J. W. 

7- 15 P. M.. Opening Devotions. 
7:30 P. M.. Content of the Pastor's Message.-H. 1'. 

8:00 P. M„ Evening Address— J. W. Lear. 

8 DO A. M., Bible Study.— J. Hugh Heckman. 
9:00A.M.. The Problem of Distribution and Super- 
vision.— J. A. Robinson. 
10:00 A. M„ College Chapel.-M. R. Zigler. 
10:45 A. M, Outlining or Building the Sermon.— J. W. 

12-00 to 12: 15 A. M„ Closing for Noon Hour. 
2:00 P. M., My Hope for the Church of the Brethren — 

H. G. Shank, M. R. Zigler. 
3:00 P. M., The Pastor's Program— J. W. Lear. 
7:15 P. M., Opening Devotions. 
7:30 P. M., Sacrificial Ministry.— D. G. Wine. 
8:00 P.M.. Evening Address.— M. R. Zigler. 

8:00 A. M.. Bible Study— J. Hugh Heckman. 
9 00 A M„ Problems of Leadership.— J. A. Robinson. 
10:00 A. M, College Chapel.-Paul Brandt, Alumni Trus- 
10:45 A. M.. Sermon Delivery— J. W. Lear. 

12:00 to 12:15 P. M., Closing (or Noon Hour. 
2:00 P. M„ The Business End of the Church Program.— 
W. H. Yoder. Galen Lehman. 

(Continued on Page 60) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1929 


Stephen, the Hellenist 


THE firs, disciples were Jews of Palestine j however 
& entirely broken down- It seemed ^p— £ 

of him that he was a man of superior educational at- 
a ni^ts. During the period of his -m.stry he «ms 
to have eclipsed even Peter in ability and ^ me - 
to nave y Minor communities may 

JctTa Twl Inthe^na^e that Stephen first 
™et*e man who was to he the outstan >ng gur 

and there was nothing lacking in their devotion to 
Judaism. But Stephen and his group were preaching 
heresy in the synagogue and the protection of publ c 
opinion was lost. Therefore it was now possible to 
send Stephen to his death. MK „,u ,„ 

The full results of Stephen's work are difficu t to 

lnaicaie imi "■ «— - ^„Ai na figure in lot lull resuiu* ^ ^.^ F — -- 

met the man who was to be the °« tsta f '"^ ff" e " estimate . He had pointed the way to the larger free 

his tragic end and whom Stephen »as to influence so esUm ^ ^ ^ up G d 

CSS tr^or-d.te w^toh — * faith and not through works of law, and the 

Stephen died. I refer to Saul of Tarsus. Certainly 
' the devoted Pharisee would regard as blasphemy any 
almost entirely ^"Za i g'nde'ncies were £*£***» could be superseded by something 
that from the beginning liberalizing J . T the Nazarene were fulfilled the 

present which would break down prejudice and accom at er, ^t in Jesus m ^ .^ 

fej=S5SS5»S= &££=?*>%*£ =i=.-=r^=^w- 

r em r t e , ■ Ita^ n a« s ems to have been in the for- Ie and in thre e days I will raise it up aga m he had wa blas phemer, he had to acknowl- 

Lord ; the, lodging place £ whkh gath . ? dedared that the most sacred ™* - edge hi^ superior skill as an opponent in the synagogue. 

e,S ", ^"p te ot w?e' largely Hellenist Jews. They tions were not permanent, but must pass away. Had edge P^ ^ him ^ ^ he was 

hid ,i^d n J n s butted now token up their not even Solomo „ who built the rs t*mp to- to T^gJP * ^ ^ upQn ft counte e 

h H Tn the holy Ay. Though entirely loyal to then- f dedication recognized its madequacy ^ ^ ^ rf ^ w s whlle 

abode in tne noiy uiy. = .__..„ „„ f i-„i, an d a j....,,: i,™ fnr find? . ' . , ., •_ vt„j„ hcb and vet he was 

dom 01 tne spnu, ... ««~ — - . 

through faith and not through works of law, and the 
message which was stilled on his lips was taken up by 
many others to be carried to the ends of the earth. 
For the persecution which arose proved a blessing in 
disguise. The church had been content to settle down 
in Jerusalem to wait for the return of their Lord but 
now they were thrust out to save their lives and the 
church perforce becomes missionary. Noteworthy, too, 

c x iff ..,. Thm i cm rnn- 

SST WM — ox; V - =;;,= G od ? 

sympathy for other people which was not possible in „ The heavcn fe my throne 

the Jew of the land. Therefore the early period of 

evangelization beginning with Pentecost produced a 

congregation in which the Hellenists outnumbered the 

Heb«Ts This condition is brought to the attention 

"reader of Acts in Chapter 6. " In those days 

Ihe neaven .a ."j ."* ■ 

And the earth the footstool of my feet; 

What manner of a house will ye build for me! the 

°Up to this time the church had been in high favor 
Wiethe people and was **J^^- 

reminded ot angeis « ..= .« r 

of Stephen. He kept the coats of the witnesses wh.le 
they performed their bloody task and yet he was 
moved as the dying Stephen looked up into heaven and 
spake with One there. And it all became real to him 
when some months later he, too, looked up and saw a 
shining One whose presence was to become as near 
to him throughout his life as it seemed to be to the 
dying Stephen. Had Stephen been permitted M live 

7 i a - „f Arts in Chapter 6. " In tnose nay* w th tne people ana w« »™.i-~ -, Cfenhen Had Stephen been permittee to i.v= 

h" mtr^f l C dLp>es was multiplying partly £ron ^difference ant 1 part ly be-se f J ^J^onli the church would perhaps have 
he " . ,;„„ nn the cart of the Hellenists ;nion . But the church had been loyal to j r when we thmk of 

when tne nui.iuc. u . — ---.• Hellenists 

there arose a murmuring on the part of the Hellenists 
against the Hebrews because their widows wer being 
nfglected in the daily ministrations." It was ; not mere 
ly the increase in numbers that was responsible , for *e 
complaint comes only from the one group There had 
developed a natural cleavage in the church Acquired 
tend ndes peculiar to each group had tended to draw 
Aem apart The Jew of the land felt a superiority 
over the foreign Jew. He, in turn, **•**«££ 
to always appreciate the provincialism of the Hebrew 
Jew. The two great religious inst.tut.ons of the day 

SuLs They worshiped regularly in the temple 
Letters from Foreign Lands 

T he Mow^ book «»«w w„ r<™«t V«/b„r";i"Ti:: 

Editor to, in. ^""o.ta'l Z" "* ».,*", «i.T »= P-""" rf 

As I have been reading "Letters From Foreign Lands to 
the Home Folks," by Br.. Otho Winger, I have been ^ 
over in part two trips that it was my privilege to take 
, the Atlantic, during which time I had the pleasure 
3 L . _ . t_-i„_j ojmnm France. 

pray and to preach. The Hellenist found the syna- 
gogue of greater value to his religious life. 

We have to admire the wisdom with which the apos- 
tles met the crisis which arose in the church. Recog- 
nizing the peculiar aspects of the situation, they agreed 
that the current organization was no longer adequate 
for the growing church. They formally recognized the 
existing cleavage in the congregation and so far as a 
program of activities was concerned they organized 
the Hellenists into a separate group. Proper leaders 
of the Hellenists were put forth and the apostles for- 
mally ordained them. These seven were then to or- 
ganize all the activities of their group without inter- 
ference from the apostles. Incidentally, if their widows 
suffered it would be the fault of the seven. 

The natural leader of the seven seems to have been 
Stephen The qualifications demanded were a good 
reputation and fullness of Spirit and of wisdom. He 
had that wisdom which qualified him as an adminis- 
trator and leader. Luke speaks of him as being ful 
of faith and of the Holy Spirit, and as also full of 
grace and of power. This description, together with 
the story of his activities, reveals to us something of 
the character of the man. He had that faith which 
made him an outstanding figure in the congregation; 
he had that leadership which qualified him as a bishop; 
he had that personality and wisdom which made h.m 
irresistible even with his opponents. All these quali- 
ties were the fruit of the Holy Spirit. Under the 
leadership of the seven the propagation of the gospel 
turned into new channels. The apostles had preached in 
the temple courts; the seven turned to the synagogue. 
And the methods used were those which appealed to the 
Greeks. Instead of preaching, Stephen engaged in 
open discussion with the elders. The mention of the 
African communities probably indicates that Stephen 
came from that quarter and his methods as illustrated 
by his defense resemble those of the Alexandrian 
school which during this period was the most influen- 
tial of all the foreign Jewish settlements. If indeed he 
were from Alexandria it only confirms what we know 

Turkey" From personal experience I <.«**■»»»» £ 
curately Bro. Winger describes other lands, but h,s ac 
nnts of the lands and cities which I have seen are so 
true and so comprehensive that I am of the opinion that 
his descriptions of other lands and are equally ac- 

Tuke Bro. Winger's way of going at things. There are 
no preliminaries, no long introductions, no devious bypath 
and no doll pages. Like the Greek and Roman ^matl^s 
he rushes "into the midst of things," and once hav ng 
launched into the mids, of things you can no he p being 
interested. He continues his story so delightfully that you 
want to go with him to the end. 

The author displays the same v,m and v.gor which char 
acterize all his undertakings. I think I am safe in saying 
that he covers twice as much ground, sees twice as much 
and tells twice as much as others would cover see and 
tell in the same time. In these letters you see places, per- 
sons and events pass before you as in a moving picture. 

Bro Winger travels fast, and for that reason he selects 
the places and objects he wishes to see and describe. He 
hits the high spots. It is hitting the high spots only that 
makes automobile riding interesting; the same .s true in 
a book of travel. 

Through his knowledge of history, philosophy and re- 
ligion Bro. Winger is able to select those things which he 
has found appeal to folks. He is not afraid to speak in a 
common way when that serves his purpose, nor to speak in 
an unconventional way when that will add force or make 
plain the thing he wishes to say. Those who have sat in 
Bro Winger's classes or have heard turn from the pulpit 
and platform, or have associated with him in merely a so- 
cial way will recognize the stamp of his own personality 
in everything that he says. Even in describing places and 
events which have been described by many others, though 
he may tell the same thing that others have told, his 
friends know that what he says is said in his own unique 


I am not giving any selections from these letters. I am 
simply telling you that they make a book of 366 pages, 
illustrated with more than 150 halftones. The letters 
abound in information of Bible lands, mission fields, na- 
tions and people in general, that will increase your knowl- 
edge of the world, will show you much of the good and 
beautiful in the world to which you may have been blind, 
will prove a source book of general information and will 
prepare you for that trip around Ihe world or to the Bible 
lands which you are expecting to take some day. If you 
can read the book and not enjoy it, it will be well to look 
within and see what is the matter with you. 

the emancipation w. ".v. ~ - - . . 

come earlier than it did; and yet, when we thmk o 
the providence of God who took the Pharisee Saul 
with all his bigotry and intolerance and transformed 
him into the apostle of freedom, the greatest character 
Christianity ever produced and who exerted the most 
profound influence of any man except that of Jesus 
Christ upon the spiritual destiny of the human race, 
we can well say that in his death he accomplished more 
than by his life. No one was ever more loyal and de- 
voted to the truth than he and we can not say that 
his work was not finished when he laid it down. 

Chicago, HI. _^, 

Solving a Puzzle 

A Sermonette for Juniors 

"Conformed to the image of his Son" (Rom. 8:29). 
Practically every boy and girl likes to solve a 
puzzle I will describe some things which happened 
while the children of a certain family tried to put to- 
other a block puzzle. The father had been to the 
city on business and while there he noticed some puz- 
zle blocks which he thought might interest his children. 
He bought them and took them with him. 

The father arrived home just in time for supper. 
Mother and the children were eager to hear of fa- 
ther's experiences in the city as they sat about the 
table After supper was over and the dishes were 
cleared away father placed the set of blocks on the 
table and asked which one of the children could make 
a square with the blocks. Eagerly they tried, one after 
the other, but each time with no success. Either there 
would be several blocks left when the square was com- 
pleted or there were several blocks less than were re- 
quired. Finally the oldest boy took time to count the 
blocks and found that there were sixty-six of them. 
He looked at his father and said, "These blocks were 
never intended to make a square, for you can not make 
a square with sixty-six blocks." His father asked h.m 
what he thought they were intended for. The boy 
replied, "To make a picture, for there are images on 
each block. Here is part of a face, a hand, a foot, 
etc." So the children tried to get the picture of a man 
out of the blocks and soon it was completed— every 
block in its place with none too many nor too few 

Then the father told the children that he wanted 
them to learn a great lesson from these blocks. That 
is that they can he used only for the purpose for which 
they were intended. Just as there were sixty-six blocks 
in the puzzle, so there are sixty-six books in the Bible 
-thirty-nine in the Old Testament and twenty-seven 
in the New Testament. There are some people who 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1929 


,„ use these sixty-six books of the Bible as a text needs a home and she 
: X history, science, literature or biogra- ought to be protected 
phy and many other things which are »<«*«" 
not the real purpose of the books of the Bible; The 
"lose of the Bible is just what that of the puzzle 
Socks is to bring out a picture of a man. Our text 
* VS " Conformed to the image of his [God's] Son. 
The 'purpose of the Bible is to bring us a picture of 

Tesus Christ. It takes Isaiah, Daniel, Ezek.el and all 

he Old -Testament books as well as the Gospels and 

epistles to bring together the perfect picture of the 

Christ They are conformed to the image of Christ. 

When you study the Bible always look for that perfect 

would like to get married ; she 

picture and you will find Jesus Chnst. Do not use the 
£lix "blocks" in the Bible to build ideas of fac- 
tory or solve problems in science, for you will not be 
satisfied with the result, just as these children were dis- 
appointed with their efforts to make a square. Use the 
BMe " blocks " for the one purpose for which they are 
intended. Look for the part of the picture in each book. 
Put the parts togethe^and see the picture of his per- 
fect life. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Life's Victory 

As evening steals the sun's last rays, 
As gathering clouds disperse the blue, 
As autumn shortens summer days, 
Or glittering sun absorbs the dew, 
So are our lives of numbered years. 
Once young, but soon those years do pass, 
Our blissful hours or time of tears 
Soon fade away like withering grass. 

Oh cruel fate, wilt thou not loose 
The destiny of mortal man? 
Or wilt thou as the Stoics choose 
To seal unalterably thy plan? 
Can we not creep from thy decree? 
Can we not force thy mighty hand 
Or change thy laws that we may be 
Like spirits in the spirit land? 
Must we submit to numbered years, 
Or shall we turn to heaven to see 
Thy reign of sorrow and of tears 
Dethroned throughout eternity? 

Great Godl thy plan is our desire; 

Eternal life is thy decree. 

And when thou say'st, " Come up higher, 

We'll live throughout eternity. 

A Mother's Most Difficult Task 


Dorothy held out her arms to Philip, her son. She 
could not quite get used to his having outgrown her 
care of him. There was a harassed expression in his 
eyes as he met his mother; she knew instantly that he 
needed her. Perhaps she might not be equal to the 
task set for her. She smiled as she said: '■' Out with 
it," and he remembered that she had always met him 
with this request. She had always held that most prob- 
lems are harder when they are kept in the background ; 
she felt that only by talking them over frankly are 
complications avoided. (( 

Philip did not pretend to misunderstand her. I 
know that you are waiting but there are some things 
a fellow hates to talk about." 

Dorothy smiled as she said: "It must be something 
about the girl; you see I know a little about lovers 

Philip hastened to explain. "Oh, no, we always 
agree. But Ethel is unhappy, she has a stepmother 
who is unkind." 

His mother swiftly visioned Hazel Avenue, where 
stood the crowded rows of wooden houses that had seen 
so many casual families come unwelcomed and depart 
' unmourned. Ethel lived in one of these. Pickets were 
off the fence here and there ; paint was flaking off the 
clapboards of the house. It was the home of a shiftless 
household with nagging little debts strung out every- 
where among the lesser tradespeople of the town. " I 
believe I sense the trouble," said Philip's mother ; " she 

111 IU UC pui^i-u. 

No, mother, she has never said that to me, but 1 
can see and understand." . 

His mother noted his lips pressed into a straight, 
firm line; his face had paled to a dead white. She 
said- "My boy, I do understand; I am just wonder- 
ing how to help you. If you should marry now, of 
course there's your college course. Perhaps it would 
be better to quit college and take a position." There 
was a slightly puzzled frown between her white brows. 
" I believe you could get a place in Graves' drugstore. 

With all the self-assertion of his eighteen years, 
Philip answered: "But I have always wanted to be 
an engineer." . 

" Yes yes my son ; but in a quandary like this, al- 
most a crisis, one has to put aside plans. I should like 
to get acquainted with Ethel, may I invite her for a 
visit? Now, while you have your vacation?" 

" If you only would ; it worries me to see her un- 
happy ; I feel as if I should do something for her." 

" Then we'll consider that settled. I'll invite her to- 
day " There was something very casual in his mother's 
manner; casual and sympathetic, as if she were accus- 
tomed to smoothing the way for people. By the time she 
had finished speaking, some of the misery had vanished. 
Philip thought his mother might find a way to help 
Ethel and himself. While his mother was saying to 
herself: " Next comes Jean; what can I do for her. 

Jean was twenty-two, she had recently talked a good 
deal about Ralph Thomson. Her father had said : I 
leave it in your hands, Dolly. He does not hold a 
job; he drinks some, he is impossible." Somehow by 
subtlety of reasoning or intuition she must make Jean 
see that Ralph was undesirable. God has dowered his 
woman creatures with something which enables them to 
carry through a task like this. She had a clean doily 
which she placed on a little table. Jean was looking at 
her then she spoke: "We are engaged, mother, and 
just as soon as we can we are going to be married. 
Dorothy looked critically at the doily, then brought a 
lamp with a rose colored silk shade and put it on the 
doily But all this time she was thinking that she 
dare not say the wrong thing. Fate was aiming at the 
most precious treasure in their home. What p ans, 
hopes and ambitions they had for her ! The soft cheek 
just touched with pink and the clear blue eyes with 
heavily fringed lashes were lovely. She must be wise 
enough to avert disaster. Jean was speaking: 

" And, mother, if you once knew Ralph, you couldn't 
help liking him." Dorothy sat down by Jean and 
smoothed her hair. She made the suggestion that Jean 
bring Ralph home with her, then they might become 
better acquainted. " Suppose you have him take dinner 
with us tomorrow evening." Jean was easily per- 
suaded to bring him; she went to the telephone and 
called him. He reluctantly consented to come, Jean 
could not help feeling that he was almost ungracious 
about it. Dorothy invited four more young people, one 
was Dr. Matthews, who had been interested in Jean 
before she went out with Ralph. 

That dinner was a revelation to Philip and to Jean. 
When Philip brought Ethel, Dorothy was cordially 
kind to her. Ethel, who had been accustomed to the 
role of leading lady in her circle, was displeased. She 
was an adept at playing and singing jazz ; but no one 
asked her to entertain the company. She found her- 
self outside of the varied interests of these people; it 
made her ungracious and sullen. When she was alone 
with Philip, she abruptly told him that she could never 
live with his parents. He assured her that he hoped to 
have a home for her. But she complained of the treat- 
ment to which she had always been subjected. No one 
understood or appreciated her; she was tired of being 
continually thwarted. Jean, too, was disillusioned. 
When Ralph came into her home, the almost insolent 
swagger with which he usually entered a room, seemed 
out°of place. The family were cordially insistent on 
his having every privilege; he sat next to Jean at the 
table Dr. Matthews sat opposite, easy and gracious in 
manner; he joined in the interesting conversation 
which became general. Ralph sat as if tongue-tied ; the 
jokes he knew were not fitting. 

When a few weeks later, the two children had given 
up all idea of getting married, father said : " I felt that 

I could safely trust their affairs in your hands, Doro- 

New Windsor, Md. 

" Nail Prints " 


Thomas had reason to doubt the stories of his breth- 
ren but Thomas also was logical in the demand for 
proof and was reasonable in the kind of proof de- 
manded as to the life and resurrection of Christ. He 
knew that his Savior had been a man of service and 
that he had borne that service in the face of the cross. 
Yea and that he had more than faced it, he had ac- 
tually endured the cross until his Spirit had ascended 
but his body bore the nail prints. 

The only way the world today can be convinced of 
his resurrection in us (the great hope of' his life— John 
17-23) is that we, too, bear service marks. Paul said 
he had them. Christ willingly established his identity 
to the doubting individual by nail prints. Can we. 
Colorado Springs, Colo. 

How Do You Encourage Your Children to Go 
to Sunday-school? 


A pastor calling in a home asked a mother if they 
attended Sunday-schoot- anywhere. The reply came 
back- " No, my husband and I don't go anywhere, but 
we always sent the children. But of late they've grown 
so they don't care much about it. I don't like to force 
them I've always said that I'd let my children choose 
for themselves in such matters. I won't drive them. 

Failing to see the great wrong they were doing, these 
parents willingly closed the door of their hearts to the 
church Why should children be interested in Sunday- 
school if their parents manifest such a spirit of in- 
difference? Parents can only expect to teach their 
children all the noble virtues of life by first setting the 

example. . . , i 

Then some one asks: "Why is ,t that from good 
Christian homes the children sometimes disregard the 
church?" A family of five young people were growing 
up in a seemingly good Christian home A pastor 
moving in found it very difficult to get them mto the 
Sunday-school. A close friend of the family, eager to 
win these young people for the church, was discussing 
the matter with the pastor. " I think I know where 
the trouble lies." said this party. " Although the par- 
ents are faithful attendants at all the services they have 
failed in another line; they have formed the habit of 
criticizing the church. If there is any trouble in the 
church family it is freely discussed in that home while 
the good things of church life are seldom if ever men- 
tioned." Naturally children so nurtured in the cold 
critical atmosphere of faultfinding are disgusted with 
a dark' picture of church life and turn to other in- 

terests. , , . . ,, B 

While the interest and devotion of the parent to the 
church is not always indicative of the decision the chil- 
dren will make when they reach accountability, yet it 
will influence them greatly. How much better to rear 
the children in the atmosphere of love and peace and 
harmony which radiates from the church. Parents may 
do much to create the desired atmosphere m the church 
family Broadcasting church difficulties before the 
children is as poison to a child's interest in religion, 
and one who is subject to such thoughtlessness may 
never escape the evil effects. 

Going with a child to Sunday-school stimulates new 
interest A mother's heart was touched when her 
young daughter returned from church one day and 
said- " Mother. I wish you would go with me to Sun- 
day-school. All the other girls' mothers go. I was the 
only one whose mother wasn't there. Won t you come 
too''" For the sake of her child, the mother started to 
Sunday-school, but in a period of four or five months 
she became indifferent and finally dropped out again. 
The daughter not content to go without her mother 
sought other diversion and at the tender age of seven- 
teen assumed the head of a home where two former 
brides had preceded her. Would you believe that this 
mother was a church member? 

In schools where music and drawing are taught but 

(Continued on Page S8) 


Calendar for Sunday, January 27 

Matt. 5-7. * * * * 

Gains for the Kingdom 
Si, baptisms in .he Lower Claar church. P.. 
Faur baptisms in .he Connellsville church Pa. 
Four baptisms in the Hershey church, Pa., 

c r ££ --»» -* Mkh - Bro,hcr 

and Sister Hoover, ">«*«* ^ 

Forty-four baptisms m the Hagerstown 
A. B. Miller, pastor-evangebst. ( 

Si, baptisms in .he Dixon church, 111, Bro. 
Stutsman and wife, evangelist.. ^.^ ^ 

Tw.nty-.ix confessions in tbe enure, 
Bro O H. Austin and wife, evangelists. 

Sal baptisms in the Walnut Grove church, Va, Bro. 
T.R.Iackson of Relief. N.C, evangel st. 

Tw „ bap,isms in .he Middle Dis.nct church. Ohto. 

wa F ™r e 6 a°ion Ch pa! Bro' Chas. Cassel o, Manbeint, Pa, 
evangelist. * * * * 

Our Evangelists 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 26, 1929 

Trustees of .be Neffsville Br e.hren ,Sto id ^ 

„, the financia! repor. of .be Home far 192 . es 

" -ll amiarentlv well and comcnicu. 
at present, all apparumj 

<]• * 4* *> 
Miscellaneous Items 

ence on Home Missions for 1932 <"" , issions of a 

recent annual meeting of the Council. 

They should be reprinted n, some form to make a ^ 

''r^o f Coo.Ne^Moca,organo,^ r 

every District in the Brotherhood, as I am in the 

Special Notices 

"-• -r^"^^-»"" 

Will you 

7(1 In 

Bro. R. P. Bucher of Quarryville, Pa, began Jan. -0 
the Palmyra church, Pa. 

j s- ,., J Edwin Jarbo. to begin in Peru, 
Jt: r "msf::ronan d 13 as previously arranged. 
* * * + 
Personal Mention 
Florid, and Georgia has chosen Eld. A. D. Crist Standing 
Committee delegate to the Manchester Conference, wi.h 
Eld. J. W. Rogers' as alternate. 

Bro. D. J. Lich.y, India missionary on furlough, told the 

you and your congregation and get it straight, unless you 
happen to know already. 

Bro. C. G. ShuU and family, returning .o India arrive 
safely at Glasgow on the morning of Jan. 7. Cm Jan 
ny sailed from Liverpool and should arrive ,n Bombay 
Feb 2. The passage ,o England was a rougher .ban 
previous ones, due to the season of .he year, but all fared 

SUter E. B. Hoff and family find it impossible to answer 
individually all the letters of sympathy which have come to 
them in their recent bereavement, but .hey wish <»«' many 
friends to know how greatly they have been comforted by 
these messages and how much they have appreciated the 
kindlv thoughtfulness which prompted them. 

Bro. J. E. Young writes from St. Petersburg, Fla, that he 
places all the "Gospel Messengers" he can get hold of on 
the literature table in the City Mission .here. He often 
sees people reading them and observes, too, that sometimes 
the papers have all been taken from .he .able. He wonders 
if such a table might not be useful in other places, per- 
haps even in some of our churches. 

Bro. H. Spenser Minnioh says .he Foreign Missions Con- 
ference at Detroit last week was a good one. contributed 
to as it was by numerous strong leaders. Most Mission 
Boards of the United States and Canada are members of 
this Conference because they find its service indispensable. 
A case in point is the matter of getting permits for mis- 
sionaries to enter the territory of certain governments. 

"We, mi., our good brother a lot and the work falls 
heavy on us. We are going to do what we can and let the 
results with the Lord." So said Bro. H. P. Garner of Ahwa, 
India, enclosing the account of Bro. Bulterbaugh's passing 
which he had several times attempted to prepare but was 
compelled to lay aside to answer more pressing calls to 
some needed service. His communication will appear in 
our next issue. 

SLter Bertha L. Butterbaugh wishes to express in this 
way her most grateful appreciation of the many letters of 
sympathy which have come to her in connection with her 
great sorrow. Writing from Ahwa, India, Dec. 21, she says : 
"I have felt in a most definite way the power of prayer 
these sad weeks since my husband has slipped from my 
side. I have done my best .0 answer-the many prayers in 
my behalf by letting God have full sway in my broken 
heart. ... In a few days Christmas will be here. The 
dear children and I are trying to be brave and not .hint 
too sadly of our great loss. . . . These arc busy day! 

N... from China will be found in unusual volume on 
page, fifty-eight and fifty-nine of this «£.*£*,£ 
Crumpacker writes of " Plague Aga »tnO*, S»t« Em 
ma Horning of "News from .he Capita 1-Chma and «ra 
Frnest M Wampler in interesting detail of Our lip to 
China" We are sure you will find something interesting » 
the Correspondence Department this week. 

"Out of the .arrow and distress occasioned by the de- 
duction o, our house of worship has come t is new build- 

b^sa^ '"'asV^ ohltd may non/entcr i. but 
to prise the Heavenly Father and receive grace and 
strength for the day's duties." From the Souven r of the 
recent dedication ceremonies at the Rock Run church of 
Northern Indiana, Bro. Ira E. Long, pastor. . 

Whan people c» ... come .. church it is sometimes 
possible to take the church to .hem. For examp d a con 
grega.ion in Southern Indiana recently held their usual 
Sunday evening services at the home of an aged and 
afflicted member. He was thus enabled .0 worship with 
br;,hren and sisters and they with him. After the servic 
the brother was anointed by the pastor and elder. Sounds 
almost like a leaf from the New Testament, does it not. 

Young people deciding for the kingdom constitute one of 
the greatest challenges that can come to those amongst the 
oldcf members who may have grown indifferent We were 
impressed anew with this as we read recently of a church 
that had been quickened into new life through the conver- 
sion of a number of eager young people who immediately 
became active in church work. Even the minister in he 
case we have in mind, seemed a changed man-and for the 

A bit of .elf-examination may be as revealing for a Dis- 
trict as for an individual. The Ministerial Board of one 
District got interested in this matter of introspection and 
found: "Thirteen congregations increased in membership. 
Five congregations decreased in membership. Four con' 
gregations made no change. Per cent gained, based on 
membership of year ending Aug. 31, 1928, 1.5;"or in other 
words 100 members gained 1.5 members. Highest per cent 
gain 42 5 At this rate it would take 67 years to double our 
membership ; or for each member to find another member it 
would require a lifetime, or 67 years. Our efficiency is 
15%" After finding out the trouble, the next step is a 
remedy. Perhaps you can think of some things that would 
increase the efficiency of your District. If so, try then, 
out; if effective, pass them on. 

Since China has ceased her internal military warfare the 
problem of the disbanded soldiers assumes large propor- 
tions. Thousands of men who were fed and clothed and 
received their living as soldiers have been dismissed from 
the army and find it very hard to earn a living. As a result 
many of them are becoming bahSits. The last word from 
China, sent by Bro. Homer Bright, tells of a missionary, a 
Miss Mann, an English Baptist worker, being killed some 
months ago by bandits who wanted her bicycle. She was 
traveling from one station to another accompanied by one 
of their men. It will probably take the Chinese government 
some time to work out plans to provide employment for 
these roving soldiers and to exercise adequate police 
authority over the bandits. Considering that America has 
not completely conquered her bandits, we will have to be 
lenient with China if her progress appears a bit slow. We 
trust in the meantime our workers have all enjoyed safety 
and been free from molestation. 

Th . McPh.r.on Region.. C-ta-» • » ** ^ ™* 
'^'Vf^wmt^ iafse^r. Seethe 
ctn^pro ramf paW 53. 'Everybody is invited, writes 
pTj. J. Voder, especially church wor* » 

To All State Di.trict Treasurer A e s men ^ 

Annual Meeting expenses a tog**** rcmittanc e as 
her is now due and payable Kindly ma 
soon as convenient to the unders.gned.-E. J. 

Srt-r^rr d ^r^rtdrLudiLyi,,,New 

Virginia will be neio urn « important that each 


Vi Th. V Commi..~ of for «he Manchester 
Conference wiU meet £*«**£— £*£L. 
M, Jan. 30. Anyone having husmess ^ 

Sh ° M Tt f co"wm "^r granting of eonces- 
3S aL otherCtters pertaining to the Conference.-R. L. 
Showaltcr, Anderson, Ind. 

convene at New Enterprise. Bedfor, 1 County ^ « ^ 
queries, reports, papers, etc intende for co. sidera 
program.-!. C Swigart, Secretary, Mattawana, Pa. 
* 4- * * 
In the "Messenger" Twenty Years Ago 
r. 1 w Lear closed his revival work in Milford, Ind, 
oiXL a;, w tVnventy accessions to the church three 
being reclaimed, sixteen baptized and the ,„- 

''to." Albert HoUinger held a series of ^.ings at the 

baptism. One is yet to be baptized. 

A large congregation in the East sent a vote of thanks to 
some of 'he local newspapers for removing the liquor 
advertisements from their -columns. That is one way of 
making the influence of the church felt. Local paper, .exert 
a wide influence and they should he encouraged to take 
their stand on the right side of every moral question. 

Bro Otho Winger of North Manchester, Ind, spent a 
fewTayitthe House last week, looking over old volumes 
of our publications, with a view of collecting data for a 
b LgTaphy of Bro. R. H. Miller, which he has ,n con.empla^ 
U„„ He has been at work on the book for some time, and 
is making careful search for additional informat.on. 
On. of th. congestion, in the East recently spent four 

afl planning how to go to their limits preachmg the gospel I 
There will be something doing. 

Bro. John Woodard of Columbia, Mo, who has done some 
acceptable writing for the "Messenger," called on us the 
nly fallowing Christmas. For a number of years his p.,- 
ents made their home near the Manatee River, Fla and 
were probably .he first members to locate in the state Bro. 
Woodard is taking the agricultural course ... Columbia Col- 
lege and is to graduate in another year. 

When m.mber, move into a new locality where we have 
„o church, it is good for them to inquire after members, so 
as to become acquainted with them. It is for .so lated 
members to keep in touch wi.h each other, and anything 
that we can do in the way of them together, will 
afford us great pleasure. We are here to assist members 
in their religious life in -every way possible. 

Kindly indulge m. ID. L. Miller] in a bit of prophecy. 
Within the experience of many who are now living, Chicago 
and Los Angeles will be less than fifteen hours apart. 
Then the air-ship, now in its first stage of crude develop- 
ment will have been brought to a high degree of perfec- 
tion, then will the great aero-motor navigate the air, 
crossing the continent as the crow flies, from New \ ork to 
San Francisco, in twenty hours or less. Passengers w.ll 
be carried with greater safety and more comfort than now. 
There will be first and second-class berths and a dining 
room for the one or two meals necessary on the trip. One 
mav then eat an early breakfast in Chicago and a late sup- 
per in Los Angeles, making the entire trip by daylight. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1929 




Our Government. Debt 

Th e public debt of the United States reached its hfchest 
In, in 1919 when the gross amount approbated $27,000, 
m ,000 But for the past ten years the government has 
e'd a policy of debt reduction with the result that the 
"""en. gro^ deb, is about $17,493,000,000. The . uteres. 
" e "n fhe outstanding sum has also been materially re- 
duced The average ^atejsjmwjnider four per cent. 

An Industrialist's Utopia 

In Henry Ford's Utopia, according to press reports of his 
. , Philosophy of Industry," machines will liberate. men 
, ,11 hard work We do not know just how mem will 
"Id, Tard muscles under such conditions bu, 
'e haps there will be a way. Mr. Ford also visions a tune 
P en smoking and drinking will be a thing of the past, 
men havmg generally come to see that they have nothing 
M gain and much to lose by the cultivation of such nn- 
worthy habits 

Alcohol and Pellagra 
A we ll known doctor who writes the health column for 
,he self-styled "world's greatest newspaper," which many 
readers feel is also one of the world's wettest newspapers 
nakes a rather surprising statement about alcohol. He 
™s that one of the "important contributing causes of 
pellagra is alcoholism." We are not surprised at the con- 
ion between the two, bu, a, the authority for the 
ta.emcn.. When the writer of the health column for a 
we newspaper argues that there is a relation between al- 
ien elm and pellagra it is time no, only for the drys 
say, "I told you so," but for Hie wet to put down their 


A New Canadian Port 
Canada has thousands of miles of coast line but few 
g„„d ports. Her Pacific Coast frontage is comparative y 
fhort for such a large country; but worst of a I, mountain 
barriers cut it off from the wheat producing plains to the 
east of the Rocky Mountains. On the east the St. Lawrence 
outlet is beset with various difficulties, so that Canada is 
still hunting for ports, especially for the gram producing 
plains of the northwest. The Hudson Bay seems the an- 
swer to this need. Hence upon the western coast of this 
vast cold bay Canada is building a new port. Fort 
Churchill is the site selected. The Hudson Bay railway 
will reach this port by the end of this year according to .the 
present schedule. Port facilities will include a 3,000000 
bushel grain elevator. It is hoped that shipments will be 
able to pass through the ne w port by 1930. 

Chicago's Tunnels 

While Chicago does not have a subway system for pas- 
senger traffic, she does have an elaborate freight tunne 
system of which many of the city's own citizens are not 
aware. "The tunnels, sixty-two miles in length, are six 
feet wide, seven and one-half feet high, and shaped much 
like a horse shoe. They are eq6ipped with track of two 
feet gauge and overhead trolley. They are reached only 
by elevators. The train dispatcher in the central station 
has 266 telephone connections in the tunnels where there 
are 3,800 electric lights. Sixty-three electric pumps, and 
540 sumps insure dryness and the air is remarkably pure 
and clean. The year-round temperature is 55 degrees. 
There is an average of 300 train movements in the tunnels 
every day." Aside from merchandise, waste material from 
excavations for new buildings and ashes from heating plants 
are carried by the tunnel railway system. 

You Can Learn From a King 

King Ahmed Zogu of Albania presents all the qualities of 
the strong man so frequently pictured on billboards with a 
cigarette in his mouth. King Zogu is a young man of good 
family and tremendously forceful character. He who would 
rule wild Albania must be a man's man in the old-fashioned 
sense of the term. What with assassins to watch out for, 
stubborn mountaineer citizens to keep in line and economic 
problems that would test the abilities of America's Herbert 
Hoover, King Ahmed Zogu has been kept very busy for 
some years past. As the gentlemen who write smokers 
testimonials say, Albania's king could not afford to get a 
case of nerves— and yet, it seems that is just what has 
happened. Newspapers reported a Vienna dispatch for 
Jan. 13 in part as follows: "Prof. Dr. Richard Dauer, a 
stomach specialist, and Dr. Holzknecht. a radium expert, 
were called to the Albanian capital for consultation. It was 
feared the young King was suffering from cancer, but the 
diagnosis showed his sickness due to irregular habits, 
nervousness, and too many cigarettes." In spite of tens of 
millions spent by American tobacco advertisers to suggest 
the contrary, cigarettes are a positive detriment to the man 

_ . ■ i .-.I... lUle tin frrim 

Overcoming Difficulties 

The story of the cutting of the Cascade Tunnel will serve 
as a good example of how difficult physical conditions are 
overcome. Said President Ralph Budd in recounting the 
'story of the tunnel: "A thrilling sight it was: members of 
one crew splashing in and taking hold of the machines be- 
fore the others let them go. A constant battering was 
kept up every minute of every hour of every day and ev- 
ery night for thirty-five months. Drilling, blasting, muck- 
ing out the broken rock, then ovcr'again; eight feet gained 
at each round, five rounds in 24 hours, all by machinery, 
but machinery in the hands of enthusiastic expert work- 
men. There was no letting up until the last foot of tunnel 
had been excavated and the entire bore lined with con- 
crete." Difficulties in any realm are bound to yield to such 


Winning a Thousand Dollars 
Out at La Verne there is a young man who has just won 
a thousand dollars. A dozen years ago his father who IS 
a doctor, offered his promising young son one thousand 
dollars in gold on the boy's twenty-first birthday providing 
he kept free from the tobacco habit. Through all hese 
years the boy has kept the pledge. He has grown stalwart 
and taken a prominent place on college teams. Today he 
has the prize in dollars, but also a vastly greater prize in 
health and habits of self-control. And any boy with a will 
ean win the latter though his father may not be financially 
able to give him a bonus of one thousand dollars in gold. 
Incidentally, we hope our readers will note what one doc- 
tor thinks' of the cigarette habit. Our own conviction is 
that the cigarette advertisers are grossly untruthful in 
what they claim for their wares, or a doctor would not put 
up one thousand dollars to offset their lying propaganda. 


"saeEc.tlon. lor tho Weekly Devotional MeeUne Or lor 
Prayerful. Trlvsto Meditation. 


The Pact of Paris Approved 

The Pact of Paris was approved by the United States 
senate on Jan. 15 in a spirit that left much .^J- 
in the way of a whole-hearted acceptance. What might 
have been a thrilling challenge to a war weary world lost 
much of its force through the cynical attitude as repre- 
sented by continual reference to the cruiser bill and the 
final statements of some senators who voted for ratifica- 
tion. Though not passed under the most favorable circum- 
stances, we are convinced that in the long view of things 
President Coolidge is right in thinking that the Pans Peace 
Pact is the outstanding achievement of his adm.mstrat.on_ 
The pact may be ridiculed by the cartoonists and scoffed 
at by the militarists; yet there is no quest.on ... the mind 
of the sober, thinking person but that the pact represents a 
long though not the final step in the direction of a better 
way. The pact is approved, but the solemn obligation of 
living up to its implications has now to be faced. Those 
who look for a warless world have achieved assent, often 
cynical assent, to the theoretical basis for such an order 
of society. They now face the vastly more difficult task of 
practical application. The militarists are as yet not con- 
vinced. Many are skeptical though willing to give the 
Kellogg idea a trial. It is therefore up to those who be- 
lieve in the Paris Peace Pact to see that its possibilities are 
realized in the actualities of trying international situations. 

Ex. 32: 1-6 

For Week Beginning Feb. 3 

The perils of prosperity are greater than those of ad- 
versity. Anything that tempts us to trust God 'ess strikes 
at the very heart of the religious life (2 Chron. 16:7-10; 
Psa. 49:6; Mark 10:24). 

One is foolish to expect that the Christian life will be 
without hardship. If we follow Christ whom the world re- 
jected, we can not expect different treatment (Matt. 13:21; 
John 15:18-20). 

We may overestimate the importance of our work. We 
are impatient for quick results. We have made up our 
minds as to what should happen; when it docsr, t we are 
utterly despondent (1 Kings 19:4; Job 3:1; Isa. 49:14; Jer. 
20: 14; Jonah 4:1-4). 

The deadliness of this state comes from the fact that we 
are unaware of it. We are under Satan's anajsthel.c (Hosea 
7:8; Rev. 3:17). 

One can not keep a lively interest in the church whose 
constant association is with those who delight in earthly 
pursuits and pleasures (1 Kings 11:4). 

One can not be loyal to a church where he is socially an 
outcast. There may be inequalities in other realms of: We 
but never in the church. Before God we are all equal. This 
equality must be reflected in the fellowship of the church 
(1 John 1:3). 

The worker keeps warm. The idle become cold. Not ev- 
ery one can hold office but every one can, attend wor- 
ship, practice private devotions, do personal work ponder 
the interests and welfare of the kingdom (2 Sam. 12.7-9). 

.mc contrary, cigarettes are a pcismvc uv..... 
who would succeed. Can American boys take this tip from 
the sad experience of King Ahmed Zogu, or will they with 
much waste of time and money wait to suf* it out of the 
wet end of a cigarette? 

A Crisis in Business Ethics 
The contest between John D. Rockefeller Jr and Col. 
Robt W Stewart for the control of the Standard Oil Com- 
pany of Indiana is serving to dramatize a crisis in business 
ethics. During recent years many of the more flagrant 
"pes of unethical business practice have been discontinued 
under pressure of new laws, or voluntarily by the new lead- 
ership in business-a leadership which recognizes that 
honesty is one of the main supports of the • n-odernindu - 
trial order. Many lines of business have drawn up codes 
expressive of the newer ideas of responsibility ,n business. 
Meanwhile the press of the country has regaled the pub, 
with accounts of shady practices upon the par o some 
men in public life, or business men internationally known. 
For example, there was the Continental Trading Company 
a dummy company that has served to compromise :severa 
reputations. One of the men so compromised m the eyes 
of many was Col. Robt. W. Stewart of the Stand id _ Oil 
Company of Indiana. For Col. Stewart's trials did not issue 
in clear cut vindications. They showed him to have b _ en 
oo lose to types of practice .ha, Mr. John D. R-k=feller, 
Jr as well as many others, felt should be condemned 
Thus a crisis in business ethics developed with two great 
business men in disagreement^ The significance of the 
struggle is well stated by one of our leading dailies. Th, 
well known newspaper says : " A good many observers 
suspect that Mr. Rockefeller is not going to win. They 
conclude that he made a mistake in starting a fight m which 
his chances were none too good. Perhaps th.s IS true, but 
i„ making the fight Mr. Rockefeller has served notice on 
all other men in all other companies in which he ,s inter- 
ested that a business executive is responsible for something 
more than a good balance sheet. In addition, be *"*ȣ 
tized the issue of business morality and has concentrated 
attention upon it. The consequences of his campa.f m may 
be felt long after the Standard Oil of Ind.ana elects its 
new directors on March 7." 

How may we most clearly and helpfully examine our lives 
to know that we are progressing and not backsliding? 

R. H. M. 

The Foundations of London 
The recent bursting of a number of gas and water mains 
has given London engineers serious concern For it is now 
e, "ha. the city may be in line for considerable roub 
due to the fact that it is built on low ground _ covered I w th 
much rubbish. That is, it seems that many London build- 
ers have been content to build on top of the accumulated 
ubbish heap of an aging city, rather than cut through o 
bed rock for foundations or construe, adequate subfounda- 
tions where this was not possible. Thus London is today 
de scribed as built upon a pie crust, with the water-logged 
u soil gradually giving way. Burs.ed «f"^^ 
buildings are the price now being paid for too little atten 
tion to foundations 

Paraguayan Prisoners Returned 
., may seem like a lesson in ancient history to recall the 
late dispute between Bolivia and Paraguay. And yet. there 
' much o be learned from the circumstances attending 
he w" that did not quite happen. A five-line item from 
Asuncion, Paraguay, under date of Jan. 15, simply rt*. 
that Paraguayan prisoners taken by the Bolivians n the 
ate border clashes were handed over to Paraguay at Fort 
V la Monte. Thus a chain of incidents tha : onc< . threa - 
ened war was diverted until it ended in a peaceful settle 
men,. And a, wha, cost! Here is one editorial comment^ 
"T s reported that cable expenses in connection with he 
League's friendly effor.s ,o aver, war between Bolivia and 
Paraguay totaled $27,000. This was money well spent 
Twen.v-seven thousand dollars wouldn't be a drop in he 
bucket in the construction of a battleship, and yet the ex- 
dhurc of ,ha. comparatively small amount of money 
was sufficient to put the war-makers of two nations on the 
defensive, with .be result that hostilities ceased and media 
tion followed. . . • Some day the nations will be better 
spenders They will spend less and ge, more in return 
T? ,» will Pay ou, a larger share of their national income 
for the support of governmental peace »*"™»_»J/«™ 
the implements of destruction. Never was $27,000 better 
penMhan in a war between Bolivia and Paraguay 
May the nations reflect on the lessons to be learned from 
iliis incident!" 


How Do You Encourage Your Child to Go to 

(Continued From Pag' SSI 

soul is equally important according to Chnsts own 
W Let the child feel that attendance at church and Sun- 

'child win/home assignments and thus create better 
interest. Sunday visiting is perhaps a P^rta. 
drance than any other factor m regu lar ^ndance. 
mile it may not be wrong to visit friends and 
Stives on Sunday, yet it is be* to have your family 
in Sunday-school somewhere, preferably m the local 
church before you go for the visit. If t « necessary . 
E o early Sunday morning, then plan to be with your 
friends in their Sunday-school and preaching service 
Let them know that you do not expect them to remain 
at home awaiting your coming, and when the visit is 
returned they will understand that it is your custom to 
spend the early hours of the Sabbath ,n honoring the 
Lord A group of friends traveling by auto dis- 
continued their journey long enough to refresh them- 
selves spiritually in a quiet country church near the 

Parents, let nothing keep you from regular services 
at the house of the Lord. You are sowing precious 
seeds in the souls of your children and need the warm, 
protecting atmosphere of the church to help produce 
the harvest of good Christian character. D. L. Moody 
tells the story of a man who had spent eighty years of 
his life outside of the church. At his convers.on he 
was so happy with his newly found joy that he sought 
out each of his five children and begged them to ac- 
cept Christ also. To his surprise and sorrow they only 
sneered at him, and the old man turned away suffer- 
ing untold remorse. He had taken his children out into 
the world away from the church and now it was too 
late— he could not win them back. 
Noppance, Ind. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1929 

plenty of Bibles where I stop." You can not and your 
grip is not well packed until you have the best book 
Tn This is one way of witnessing for God. ' Heaven, 
and earth shall pass away, but my word shall not pass 
away " Take this important message with you every- 
where you go. You ought to be ashamed to travel 
without it. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

i ♦ 

A Tragedy of the Divorce Court 


Some time ago on meeting a young woman about 
twenty-five years of age I observed that she seemed to 
be so very happy and light-hearted, and on making in- 
quiry as to the secret of her happiness she said: My 
father and mother are getting married again and 1 
expect to witness the ceremony." Noticing that I was 
slow to comprehend this complex situation she vol- 
untarily made the following explanation : 

■•When I was about five years of age my father and 
mother quarreled, separated and were later diverted The 
court directed that my mother should have jurisdiction 
over me and I accordingly lived with her until my early 
teens when I launched out in the world to make my own 
living. Throughout all these years I have hoped and 
prayed that the day would come when my father and moth- 
er would become reconciled and my home restored. My 
prayers are about to be answered. Father and mother are 
to be married again and they have invited me to witness 
the ceremony. I am so happy-I can hardly watt until the 
time comes.' 

covenant has been broken by adultery on the part of MB» 
husband or the wife, and that remarriage scrip*, ally 
lawful only to the innocent party (Matt. 5. 32, w - 30 

m "That it is also a legitimate divorce . °"« f're 
judicial decrees declare that the marriage had never had 
a valid existence, as in instances where the marr.age cove- 
nant had never been completed by cohabitation or where 
a manifest fraud has been perpetrated. 

(8) " That malicious desertion, according to 1 Cor. 
cons dered a legitimate cause for separation, but such sepa- 
rata does not carry with it the right of a second mar- 
riage 1 Cor 7:11, save where the deserting party has been 

'7, d ^attnere'^iier the husband or the wife has 
be n guitt of adultery and a decree obtained , the innocen 
party is freed from the marriage covenant and has the 
right of a second marriage. 

(10) "That the decree of divorce, in freeing the inno- 
cent party, does not give the right of remarriage to the 
one who 'caused the covenant to be broken. 

(11 "That no minister shall officiate at the marriage of 
any person who has a husband or wife living -less such 
neLn has been divorced by due process of law for the 

use of adultery. In that ease ■ pastors sha I cons en t 
marry only the innocent party to such divorce. It is the 
judgment of the church that a. least a year intervene , be- 
tween the granting of a divorce and remarriage of .he in- 
nocent party." 

Washington, D. C. 


No Bible 


I recently read in a magazine that each member of 
the family should own a Bible. It is a worth-while 
suggestion. Too many homes do not have a Bible. 
Too many homes that have one treat it badly, and can 
not find it when it is asked for. If each member of 
the family owned one, some would say : " That is too 
many." Yes, be careful not to be extravagant, but one 
in some homes is not enough. There should be one 
in your living room, and one in your guest room. Yet 
more blessings come to the home where each child 
owns one, for if the children are taught to love God 
and his word, they will be pleased to own a Bible, and 
will not be ashamed to be found reading it. A dear 
boy who went to camp last summer of course took his 
Bible. When he reached his destination he took it 
out of his trunk and placed it on a shelf, but it did not 
stay there. The boy really read it and enjoyed it. 
Writing to his mother he said : " The boys do not all 
read their Bibles but I intend to keep at it." Of course, 
he is an unusual boy. I meet him frequently and he 
often says: "Is there something I can do for you?" 
I am asking the dear Father to keep him faithful and 
loyal. If money is scarce, do not cut down expenses 
by refusing to buy Bibles for the children, and stop- 
ping church papers. There are other things better 
stopped. You know what they are. Here is a bit of 
advice for you and for myself. Do not pack your grip 
with some things you can do without, thinking your 
Bible is too heavy to put in. Do not think, " I can find 

1C tuiilta. _ 

Several months later while passing the desk at which 
this young government clerk worked I observed that 
she seemed exceedingly sad and downcast and I stopped 
and asked her whether her anticipated joy had been 
realized. She said: "No, father took sick and died 
suddenly a week before the ceremony was to take 
place." This is only one instance of the many blasted 
lives and wrecked homes resulting from the. divorce 


A certain judge in Atlantic City made the statement 

recently that : 

" Increase in juvenile crime is due solely to separations 
of fathers and mothers. In the next case that comes be- 
fore me I will make a personal effort to see that the mother 
and father are brought before the grand jury and indicted 
for criminal neglect." 

The House of Bishops of the Episcopal Church in a 
recent convention held in Washington City lamented 
this growing evil and attributed it to: " Breakdown in 
home life, hasty marriage, sex tension and lack of prac- 
tical training for marriage." 

The ease with which divorces are obtained and the 
rapid rate of increase are appalling. Within one year 
the marriage increase in the whole country was 1.2 per 
cent while the increase in divorces was 3.1 per cent. 

A couple in California were recently granted a di- 
vorce on the basis of a quarrel which resulted over 
the recent Presidential election, the one was a Repub- 
lican and the other a Democrat. A man in Chicago has 
asked for a divorce for the reason that his wife chews 
tobacco and refuses to stop. A woman in the same 
city has asked for a divorce from her husband on the 
ground that she is unable to get him up in the morning 
in time to go to his work, having purchased twelve 
alarm clocks and set them all off at once. 

The establishment and maintenance of the home life 
is the foundation stone of civilization and whenever 
any evil attacks the home it becomes a national menace 
and ought to be protested against by the public. 

Some time ago when this growing evil was referred 
to the Moral and Social Welfare Board of the United 
Lutheran Church for investigation the Board recom- 
mended that the church adopt the following theses: 

(1) " That marriage is monogamic and as such is a 
covenant indissoluble for life. 

(2) "That marriage is one of the most important prob- 
lems of the home and the church, and that plain teaching 
should be given. 

(3) " That we recognize only one standard of morality 
(or both sexes. 

(4) " That a chief aim of the marriage life is the birth 
of children and that the greatest blessing of God is often 
granted through children. 

(5) "That the limitation of birth by artificial means is 

(6) " That divorce is legitimate only when the marriage 


About two months ago, while helping in our tent evan- 
gelism and incidentally having a glorious time in spread ng 
?he gospel, I was terribly surprised by the coming of a 
pecial me setiger from our home at Ping Ting. We were 
Tt about thirty miles from home. The messenger handed 
me a telegram. I feared bad news from America but no. 
H was no. bad news from America. It was distressing news 
from the west of our province. Dr. Watson of the Con- 
gregational Mission was in the midst of an effort to put 
nown the plague and he had wired the governor of th 
provinee to call for me. The reason was thai : .had had 
experience ten years ago in fighting the pest and he wanted 
some one who knew how to help him without delay. The 
government sent the message to our magistrate here and 
he forwarded it on to me out in the tent. It read: Have 
Crumpacker come at once to help put down the plague 

I could not go at once but a little later I reluctantly left 
my work and went to help out in this quarantine work. 

The reader will understand that pneumonic plague has 
no cure and all who get it die. That means when you go 
to fight this you are taking your life in your own hands so 
to speak It has been found that a heavy mask of cotton 
worn over the nose and mouth are about the best one can 
do and this if carefully worn will save the one who has to 
work with the sick or dead, Often the friends and relatives 
get scared and run away and leave the dead; then our 
burying squad must bury their dead. In some cases whole 
families are wiped out. After I got on the job I saw two 
such families disposed of. We quarantine strictly and if 
friends and officials cooperate an outbreak of plague can 
be put down rather quickly. The incubation period is 
from two to four days. If we find that some one has been 
exposed to this disease we at once shut him up in a room 
to himself or with others who have been exposed. If noth- 
ing happens in a week we let him go. It sometimes seems 
heartless to shut up a. family, that has the disease and ab- 
solutely prevent them from going out or others from going 
in It likely means death for the whole family but that 
is better than spreading to many other families and even 
to other villages and towns. 

The officials and villagers cooperated wonderfully this 
time and thus we were able in a little more than two 
months to blot the plague all out. 

There seemed to be two kinds of the plague raging at 
the same time. The bubonic, which is transmitted mostly 
from flea bites from infected rats and the pneumonic which 
is transferred from person to person. An exchange of 
breath with a pneumonic patient is all that is needed to 
give you the disease and that means a new burial in four 
days. I never saw such cause for pathos in all of my life. 
I will give just one instance to the readers of the " Mes- 
senger.': If you have children as I do, you will feel the 
weight of the pity. 

A grandfather in this family got the disease. They were 
poor people. There were seven in the family. They lived 
in two rooms. Soon the first one died and both rooms had 
infected and sick folks. They died and by this time all but 
a little girl of seven had the disease. (I have a little girl 
of six) According to the rule no one could go out or in; 
they would not be allowed to leave the court. Another 
family lived on the other side of the court and they were 
terribly scared as they saw the burying squad carrying out 
one after another. When the last before the little girl was 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1929 


,, the point of death we called the little girl to the door 
Id talked with her. She was cheerful and we asked .1 she 
" s si k She replied, that she was not, but we heard her 
"thing and knew that she, too, was going. Her aunt 
/d that day and just before her death gave birth to a 
tb, hat was dead. There was no one to help u this ter- 
b e ime but a little seven-year-old girl. We moved h 
Z e girl from that room to the other room where all had 
d and had been buried. She said to us that she was not 
raid to sleep in the room alone. She asked how long 
he would have to be quarantined. She had been ,n now 
Sou? ten days. We replied that she would have only a 
: m days. She seemed happy, but we knew that all 
ou ,d be over in a couple more days. But she hoped for 
r eedom in a couple more days. Her aunt was buried that 
evening We kept the little girl from seemg her earned 
„ u t The little girl had no fire and it was cold in her place. 
We got her some bedding and took it to her late in the 
evening- She was on the brick bed and we could no 
ouse her. But there was the little body and we dare not 
e „ into the room. We could see through the open door. 
The next morning we hurried back to see to our surprise 
that she could get up and talk and even came to the door 
and answered our questions. We saw that she had been 
„mi ing blood which is the last signal. We knew .« was 
wa few hours. This was at nine and at two she passed 
the divide. She was the last of a family of seven, except 
a stillborn, making eight in all. We wanted to go in and 
|„ve the little last survivor but simply could not for the 
sake of others. . 

We prayed much that this would soon be.put down and 
fortunately we got the desire of our prayers. 

1„ all for both kinds of diseases in the two infected 
counties there were about 960 deaths. We were so glad 
that it did not scatter to other places. About seventy- 
eight villages were touched by the plague. 

The people learned how to cooperate and when they lis- 
tened they were saved. A good example of that was in the 
above court yard. Two families lived in one small court 
yard The members of each stayed strictly to themselves, 
and even though not allowed to leave the place, the one 
family did not get it. We went every day to see them for 
a week after the last death and then we told them they 
must stay out of the rooms where the people had d.ed for 
at least a month. The father went down on his knees and 
gave us a Kotow of appreciation for saving h.s family. 

I am praying that we will not have any more famine or 
plague while I stay in China. We had a wonderful Thanks- 
giving out there, for it was just at the close of our suc- 
cessful fight. Will you be thankful with us that it is over? 
Ping Ting Chow.^Shansi, China. F. H. Crumpacker. 

* ♦■• 


Since the national capital has been moved from Peking 
to Nanking drastic changes are taking place in this new 
capital. Conditions in the city are paralleling those in the 
headquarters of the new government. The old is being 
lorn down to make way for the new and confusion and 
congestion is the result. 

Thousands have rushed to this city for political and vari- 
ous business reasons. At present the population is esti- 
mated at over a million, while five years ago the census 
gave it at under four hundred thousand. The price of land 
has risen from $300 per mu one year ago, to $3,000 per mu 
(one sixth of an acre). Rent has risen proportionately. 

Old houses are being torn down and modern ones built. 
Old narrow streets are being widened to accommodate mo- 
tor cars. A huge boulevard is being built through the city 
out to Sun Yat Sen's mausoleum out on Purple Mountain. 
On each side will be a side walk, then a road for slow 
moving vehicles, next a run for rikshas, then a strip of 
shrubbery and in the center a motor road wide enough for 
eight motor cars abreast. Enough money will be expended 
on this boulevard to install a modern water system for the 
whole city. At the present time all the water is carried 
from wells. 

Among the many resolutions passed by the new gov- 
ernment is that of opium suppression. The anti-opium con- 
vention under the leadership of Chang Chin-chiang says 
that by March next opium must be totally suppressed. 
Other resolutions were made to the effect that government 
officers, hospitals, strict laws and the general public all 
shall contribute to the extermination of this vice. Officials 
are to be examined and if connected in any way with 
opium will be suspended from office. Nov. 1 of every year 
is to be observed as anti-opium day. School books are 
to contain several chapters on the evil of opium and the 
necessity of freeing China from this evil. 

The International Famine Relief Committee which met 
in Tientsin recently states that at a conservative estimate 
12,000,000 people are already famine sufferers and before the 
end of this famine period there will be 20,000,000. The 
Nanking government has called on various provinces to 
contribute from $100,000 to $3,000,000 to aid in the relief 
work. They are also contemplating a large loan to be se- 
cured by customs and duties. 

General Ho Ying-ching, director of military training, 
speaking in Nanking on Nov. 22 said that China still has 

2,000,000 soldiers. Thousands have already been disbanded, 
but many of these have formed robber bands and are a 
menace to the country. They certainly are a crushing 
burden to this country, particularly during this famine time. 
They are the parasites of the land. Many plans for using 
them in constructive work are being talked of, but little 
has so far been done. 

A novel street car strike took place in Tientsin a short 
time ago. The workers on the street car line invited every- 
body to ride free. No ticket fares were collected. By do- 
ing this they gained the sympathies of the people and made 
the company lose several thousand dollars a day. The 
company soon yielded to their demands. 

Ping Ting, Shansi, China. Emma Horning. 


Many accounts of journeys to China no doubt have ap- 
peared in the "Messenger," but there are a few things 
which are so different from what they were six years ago 
when I left China that I would like to tell of a few of our 
experiences. There were about seventy-five missionaries 
returning to China on the boat in which we came, but we 
were the only ones of our church, so in some ways we felt 
alone. We soon got acquainted with many others and 
had a pleasant voyage together. On our trip from Rocky 
Ford to Vancouver we stopped all night with Bro. W. B. 
Stover and family. The next day we went on to Vancouver 
and as we rode along the bay we saw sea gulls and got 
whiffs of sea breeze which would be quite common to us 
in a few days. At Vancouver we received about thirty 
letters from friends bidding us God's speed and wishing 
us a safe voyage. 

At ten o'clock, Oct. 11, we boarded our ship and hastily 
arranged a few things in our cabin so we could be on deck 
when the anchor was lifted at twelve and the big ship 
would put out to sea. There was no one on the wharf who 
was a close friend of ours, only those we had met a few 
days before, but we waved good-bye to them as the paper 
streamers which connected the hands of friends, began to 
stretch and finally tear. We thought of the band of people 
who got up so early at Rocky Ford in order to bid us fare- 
well. As a ship puts out to sea there is a strange feeling 
which comes over one that is not experienced at any other 
time. Perhaps it is the newness of the experience. What- 
ever it is, it makes one feel like it is the breaking of ties 
and relationships which are not common and ordinary. 
When a ship puts out to sea you begin to feel the vastness 
of the world in which "we live. For ten days and nights 
from Vancouver to Yokohama we plowed the deep, making 
from 447 to 479 miles a day. During that time only a little 
news of the world reached us by wireless. You could read 
all this news in two minutes as it was handed to us each 
morning at the breakfast table. Other than that, we were 
alone with our few hundred friends on board the ship and 
the deep But the deep reminded us that God was there 
and we felt his presence. We had a very good voyage; the 
sea was not so calm but there were no storms. 

At Kobe we changed boats and took a small Japanese 
boat across to Tientsin. The railroad between Shanghai 
and Tientsin is cut and we thought it would save time and 
money to go this way. After a few days' wait in Kobe 
we had another four-day sea voyage. One day was through 
the Japanese inland sea. which was smooth. Here we had 
beautiful scenery. We landed on Chinese soil on Oct. 30. 
When we speak of one-fourth of the population of the 
earth being Chinese we do not think so much about what 
it means ; but when you try to travel with six large trunks 
and a number of small hand bags in China, and try to get 
on the train when all who are on are trying to get off with 
all of their baggage, you begin to think that the statement 
is not overdrawn. They seem to all be'wanting to go some 
place. The following day we left Tientsin and went to 

We had hoped to get the fast train for Shansi Thursday 
but found that all the tickets were sold. To take this ex- 
press we would have to wait another week. We were very 
anxious to get on interior as soon as possible. The station 
master assured us that the daily slow train would go and 
would carry our baggage. It should leave the station at 
nine o'clock. He advised us to be there by five or six 
o'clock in order to get a place. When we reached the 
station about seven o'clock the next morning it was full ol 
people, some with their cots stretched across the door that 
leads to the train platform so as to be the first out when 
the door should open. 

But the train which was due to come in the night before 
was not in yet and they would sell no tickets until it did 
come Elizabeth and Sara Anna watched the small bag- 
gage and got the trunks on hand carts and up by the scales 
to be weighed while I took my place among the mob in 
front of the ticket window. I was jammed so tightly I 
could scarcely get my hand to my nose to scratch it and 
it insisted on itching. I watched the hands of the station 
clock slowly moving to seven-thirty, eight, nine, and finally 
at ten o'clock I heard a whistle. As I was taller than the 
average I could see the train slowly approaching, people all 
over it, on top of the coaches, standing on the platforms 
between the coaches, sitting on the coal in the tender, the 

cab and even in front on the cowcatcher. We did not 
wonder that it was named the "slow train." When it 
stopped the scramble began, getting on and off at the same 
time. Some climbing on the roof, others getting in and 
out the windows as well as the doors. With the help of 
two coolies Elizabeth and Sara Anna got in and' got seats. 
Then sent a note to me saying they were comfortably inside 
and that I should get the tickets and that the boys that 
helped them would help me with the heavy baggage and to 
find them. Here in China, the passengers must see that 
the baggage gets on and off of the train even though it is 
checked. But there was not a ticket sold as yet, and there 
were others coming with their money giving it to those in 
front of me, asking them to buy their tickets. One man 
had orders to buy more than twenty-five tickets. Yet the 
train was already full of people, though not one of them 
had a ticket. Some began to get fidgety, but there was no 
room for fidgc ; you just had to stand and wait. About a 
half hour after the train was in the baggage master came 
in and announced that there would be no baggage taken 
that day, there were too many people, they had filled the 
baggage car and all. I had to stand a little while to let it 
soak in. Then I tried to get out of the jam which was 
waiting for tickets. The only way out was straight up. 
The men who were wanting my place were willing to lift 
me out over the shoulders of the crowd and on to the sta- 
tion floor again. I went out to the train to tell the others 
that they would have to get off, as we could not take our 
baggage. The car was so full of people tlicy could not get 
to the door so they had to get out of the window by which 
they were sitting. Here, again, they were willing to help, 
as others wanted their places. We went back to the sta- 
tion, gathered up our baggage and went back to the 
language school where we were staying. We decided to 
wait another week for the fast train like we had been ad- 
vised to do by those who had had more experience than 
we. We had no difficulty in getting tickets for the fast 
train and got in to Ping Ting Nov. 9. There we stayed a 
week visiting friends, both foreign and Chinese, and getting 
ready to go on to Liao Chou. 

In getting from Ping Ting to Liao we had almost as bad 
a time as in Peking. When the cart drivers found out that 
we were definitely wanting to go on Thursday they raised 
the price on us so that it was almost prohibitive. We de- 
cided to wait a little while to see if they would not bring 
us down cheaper. After several days of vain effort to 
get carts, we fixed up the old Ford that had not made a 
trip for a year and a half, and Bro. B. M. Flory and a 
Chinese teacher, who were wanting to visit the schools 
here, brought us down. The road from Ping Ting to Liao 
is far from being in first class condition: the extra heavy 
rains last summer washed out quite a few strips of road. 
As long as we had daylight we got along quite well. We 
got within ten miles of Liao before darkness came down. 
Since the Ford did not have lights we had considerable 
difficulty when it became dark. About six miles from Liao 
the ladies and the Chinese teacher got out and walked the 
rest of the way in, in the darkness, and got a lantern and 
sent to the rescue. By midnight all were comfortably and 
happily settled though we missed the community supper 
that had been prepared for us. 

We are thankful to the Heavenly Father for his protec- 
tion and for our safe arrival at our place of work. We 
hope to be used of him in the bringing of his kingdom in 
the hearts of the Chinese people. 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China. Ernest M. Wampler. 


The meeting of the Sisters' Aid Society of Georgia and 
Florida convened in the Scbring church Nov. 29 in con- 
nection with the District Meeting. The president. Sister 
J H. Morris, presided. The devotional period consisted of 
reading of scripture, singing and verses of thanksgiving and 
praise and short prayers by a number of sisters. Many of 
us had been looking forward to this meeting, for these 
are times when our souls are fed and our ambitions stirred. 
We have decided to give our Home Mission Board no 
less an amount than we gave in 1928. Our apportionment 
for the work in India is the same as in 1928. It was deeded 
to place posters such as exhibited at the La Verne Confer- 
ence in each society as a stimulus for better work and 
living. Sister Morris who acted as delegate to that meeting 
gave a brief report which was appreciated. 

We have decided to conduct a sale at our District Aid 
Meetings and also cooperate with the ones held at Annual 
Meeting Our representation to Annual Meeting shall be 
by District instead of local congregations. A motion was 
carried to extend a word of appreciation to Sister Bowman 
for her services rendered as secretary and treasurer. 

The yearly election resulted as follows: Sister J. H. Mor- 
ris, president; Sister D. E. Miller, vice-president; Sister 
Mary Swank, secretary-treasurer. 

After the business session the following topics were dis- 
cussed: What are some of the possibilities for doing bet- 
ter work in our Aid Societies in the future? And what shall 
be our attitude toward them? What obligations do I owe 
to the Aid Society? All decided to increase membership 
and attendance, especially among the younger women and 

(Continued on Page 62) 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 26, 1929 



(Continued From !■» 

3:00 P. M.. Ministrj-lo the Sick.-J. W. Lear. 

7- IS P M Opening Devotions. 

8:00 P. M, Lecture on Trip to Palestine. 

g.00 A M, Bible Study.-]. Hugh 
oTiA.M:. Ministerial Problems (Round T.MeW- A. 

,0:00 A. M., College °™££?£% Mll £ Living.-J. 
10 45 A. M, Legitimate Motives tor 

W. Lear. 

B . 00 to 12: 15 P. M„ Closing for Noon Hour. 

;;; P . «, how to f,. . young » p « n the 

General Church Program.-M. R. *Bler. 
3 00 P M, General and Business Session. 

Gains in Our Districts. 

Summary of Conference. 

Hopes for the Future. 
, , „ ..» p M. Dinner-Ministers and Guests In 
6:45 '" 8 vited-J J. Yoder. Speakers 

V f' Schwalm, M. R. Zigler, and others. 
J. J. Yoder. 
McPhersnn. Kans. 


The vear of 1928 is past and gone; its record has been 
llic year lm i.-"-v r „ . rec ord 

ta? Nothing we can do will change our recor o h 
oast As loh, that faithful old servant of God, has well 
saM: "Our witness k in heaven and as for our record 
that is kept on high." 

The past year has had its clouds as well as its sunshine 
its sorrows as well as its joys, its pa.ns as well as is pleas 
surs Death has been busy, not only in entering the hovel 
„f he Poor and snatching the helpless in an. from ... it, 
but i, has entered the palace of to~A*™~£*£ 
for i, is appointed unto all once to die and after that the 
judgment. But along with all its sorrows we have had our 
Lions of refreshing from the presence of the Lord 

During the past year many souls have been swept from 
„ f kingdom of darkness as brands plucked from the burn- 
ing, into the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ. Ne 
churches have been built, new missions opened up and old 
ones revived. It is true some of our dear miss.onanes have 
been called from their field of service to their reward ... 
heaven. Because of this our hearts are burdened and tears 
ofttimes unbidden flow; then, again, we are made to re- 
joice when new recruits come to the front and say: Here 
we are, send us." 

But brethren, I sometimes fear we fail when we say that 
we do not have the money and must therefore recall some 
who are on the field. Some of our stations are being closed 
for lack of funds; some of our workers must stay at home. 
Dear reader, what will our answer be in eternity, since the 
gold and silver are his as well as the cattle upon a thousand 
hills' We are his stewards. How are we using what is 
only loaned us for a season? What shall our answer be ... 

6 Ofttimes as I visit from home to home I am wonderfully 
impressed with the conditions as they really exist in the 
world today. The " Gospel Messenger " has been a regu- 
lar visitor in my home ever since I was a child. Well do 1 
remember my being at my grandmother's when as a child 
the first words I ever learned to spell were : " The Gospel 
Messenger." Grandmother has long since gone to her re- 
ward, but memory still lingers as I see that trembling fin- 
ger pointing out to me letter after letter till I could spell 
those three words as well as many others. Thank God for 
that precious memory! How it lingers 1 

The memory of the sainted mothers and grandmothers of 
years ago clings to me as I sit and remember how when a 
child I entered the house. And how my heart seemed to 
leap with joy as I saw those dear old saints of God meet, 
ofttimes the tears flowing down their cheeks as they em- 
braced each other and pressed the kiss of affection on each 
other's lips. But in many respects those days are past ; in- 
stead of the salutation as we saw it extended them, today 
it is too often a cold shoulder or a stiff bow. Brethren, 
these things ought not so to be. Have we lost our first 
love? My heart used to rejoice as I entered the house of 
God and heard the children of God sing: " I love thy king- 
dom. Lord." Then when the time to separate came, " Jesus 
grant us all a blessing." I can never forget those hours. How 
great the changes— but may the ties that bound us to tem- 
poral things during the year of 1928 be the ties that bind us 
to spiritual things during the coming year. May this be 
the greatest year of real service and revival activity in 
the history of the Church of the Brethren. 

Reader, what the Church of the Brethren needs today is 
a real revival of religion, a real genuine baptism of the Holy 
Ghost. When we once receive that, we will stop talking 
about going backward ; our move will be forward toward the 

goal of the pri Z e. Sometimes I hear peop W — pto *£ 

fhe price of the " Messenger" as being too n u ch, > 

same people take half a dozen «« ° r J°«J rcread . 

a dozen or two novel, on he ^center ab. read^ ^ ^ 

Or some can spend a dollar a "cck id How , 

that much for the theater, and not one word 

then, dwelleth the love of God ... us d , hou . 

We have our hundreds for rad.os, automobiles an 
sand and one other things; but what have we £ ^ 

What for the advance of the churcW J«. Ch 

howre^c^^^, year Las, 
April we stepped out on the c G od o ^ 

evang e,istic field agam. As ^ »«*«* ^ up 

rkor°Lar.rnvo years, but in this time %££%* 

^ 'fields where others did not seem to aire to * ye there 
we found an open door and ready as well as « ^ 
ers. Most of our work was not even repor ted to t he Me 

those who reap. What a »» in , he 

r n A\ Manv were added to the cnurcn uj"" 

children gotten to Sunday-school. 
As to our future plans, we have none-only ^artmg on 

L coming year we expect to ^ constan ty n. the Lords 
else God and the church have the firs, claim on , us. Wd 
you let us hear from you definitely as to the nature o the 
Lrk you desire ^ ? ^prefer workmg ^«**3 
^er^n^Wetu^gS to hear from any iso- 
lated or neglected churches or congregations. 

Mrs. Ernest B. Leatherman,- 
Winchester, Va. Formerly Mary E. Martin. 

us a splendid program on .Be "nemc, attentive audience. 

disiributed among the needy pcopic 

McFarland. Cal.I, Jan. U. r «l,cled elder 

a ssi s^f ± 2-, r^vc stejs *" »■ 

evening. The La Verne **£££ " *„„.,£„, „ Thanksgiving «'■"■ 
The children gave a nice missmn.i > Christmas program be- 

,he, presented their mitc bo»,- «e had no c. ^ ^ _ ^^ 
cause ol sickness among the children ' "„„„., homes. We 
Christmas eve and .hen » « •»* -g^ „„„,„._„„. ,. „. 

Rupe'r'.'V.cdl M, Jan. n. . 

Sunday-school was followed uy a servc< i j n the basement of the 
Empire, Calif. At noon m M « » ^, icc co „ducted by 

t££^£S? hc^irc -reg,im, gc The A Commu, on 

J^^SSiTSaaS^ So" Wafers. Cal,, Jan. , 

CANADA t trf 

which is very much appreciated. 

jrcar Bro. Tigncr was chosen t 

MM, Sask., Jan. .4- 0R , DA 

j . j ,,. ovatiaelisitc meeting 
LatreUnd-Eld. J. H. Moms co.idue led '^'J* «„,,„ a nd .he 
Dee. 12 to 23. His messages were spi. nai , a Dk 2 , 

Thorch - strengthened. Our J- ■»» ~ > - . «- 
with Bro. D. A. Hummer ol Nor.r. ™'" c " c »"y We mtl far morning 
her, were present from seven d.treren. >'»'« ' ' h ,„„. 6 our 
vTsMp an'd had breakfast and drnner a, the <*£^ „„, 
,„arterl, wa, held. Bro. « y J ^ „„„„„, „ s , 

B,o. J S. Leekrone and »■" »" „^„„„den, and " Messenger 
Annual Conlerence. The writer >s c 
agent.-Mrs. J. S. Leekrone, Lakeland, r.»., 


NraP ..-Un,,er the direction ., S.ter Keeker^ >»*»*,*£■% 
children have hem »°' k ' nB ,. d " " E , „, on ' a short program showing 
,„e Brown Brother, Dec 16 «.ey JJtJ ^^ ^^ k 
the various phases ot their w° . k pro ducts; others dn 

-Te work' ^e k m 5 o'ne S ;™ais g ed d . C mor.ed -A Dr- 


. Nettie Strycker, 

gift service was 
gifts of food, cno 
It was a very ii 
su that they ca 
Nampa. Idaho, J 

re fide 


„ Each Sund^-school' class "sponded with 
fill seventeen baskets for the poor ^of oar City- 


. 14. 

II Notes From Ou r Correspondents | 


Chowchill. church ha, »«..d. I|» » ^S'.h'eir'i.lpluu.eV; 

fn' ;,!;' ^erv "r°Br.' V arou.'labo' and we,, i - « 
mne'h'.owa,d"ho,din B the church «J^«^*i T ' „d SS his ^■^'^2,^^,' o^ £SX! ■'-« 
itcreopucon view, ,".'""'"""„'„„ Tllc , a me day Bro. Gwm 
by ,om= young folk, trom M °«" 1< , r ° s „„ d , y .« hoo i had a Christmas 
ol Empire preached or us. Dec. ii our =,u. , , , Jve „, 

Mr, Grace McDanicl. Chowehilla, Cal.I.. J™. "■ 

«™» Beach church me,_ in eounci, /- .,0^ ha,^ ^ he 
mminI , vcar W ere chosen, retaining most of those previously 
B™ Gilbert was reelect^ elder. We appreciate ms help heie he ais 

^ j it ^. "SnnSav folIowinfT. Brother and Sister Geo. Larl 

P J" C we,e with u, or! °Sm,day and fhe .ornier ,a,ked to the Sunday 

r.,1 Mi- 

„, the offering 
Board. Other gifts 
sday evening prayer 
;ction of our pastor, 
icr in honor of our 
The Aid Society is 
xrman.— Mrs. Vinna 

•hool. A Christmas program V 
money of $16 was sent to the ( 
were Riven in our own community. At our "cm 
meetings we are studying the Acts under the di 
Bro Zimmerman Jan. 6 we had a basket dn 
Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Levi Stump 
still busy. The new president ,. Sister 

Bowman, Hermosa Beach, Calif.. Jan. 10. TOl(r ; c , 

1 M church met b council Dee. 10. We fin.* bed up h DntM 

. j u-,1 tl Ifl to tin -ii ui'tT t'l tilt' linlilt-l IlllSSl"" 

Mectmg .ccount, aid had SU0 to turn =v ^^ ^ 
', U „„age",nd"i„ a ,«" r |;mc «e have paid or, three^,,,, c^ ,he deb.. 
The Chrisiian Worker officers lor the nex x-l hampered in 

3?£5 St£ S-"S "i. -> «-r b ie. to -V. 

which ha, been ,ui.e prevalent. We had *'*«''g.'' 
Chrisimas. Jan. 5 the deputation . team trom L, \e„ College ..^ 
a very good program on the >X, ° .ioT m' in our church. The 
Smr.rc"mpo',!d o'Mhrei'you^lldies and .wo young m.u.-Mr.. 
Verne DeHari. Lalon, Calit. Jan. 10. 

own,. ; n „ D.eemher the Woman's Missionary Society and 

ught white en 
Society to distribute to tbc poor. The Laym-.. 
an electric sign board to the church. A very fi 
and instrumental music, readings and tableaux w, 
and others under the direction of the choir 1m 
council held Dec. 28. it was deeded that Bro 
weeks' series of evangelistic sermons just belore 
make a special effort to do the needed visitmi 
M. Trimmer, Long Beach, Calif., Jan. 4. 

McFarland church met in council Dec 

Woman's Missionary 

n's Brotherhood gave 

fine program of vocal 

jiver, by the choir 

At the church 

Kurtz (tive a two 
Easter and the laity 

before then.— Maud 

_hurch officers were 


-. ,, n ..r rallv and promotion day program was give 

„^,t C ~ndTy°" S!,. y cmber. P The church had , aimed ^ ^revival 

Z ,.«. 1. °^""t',',, , M"our ". ,l:L"l S«»day.seh.ol and 
had meetings during the fall U ^ bci „„ bed „„ 

r-^^hen^ourschool 1 a- .I- Chrisima, -„, » v«.,» 
«."« members el the young tg^^^ message 
Crove church gave a P»geanl, which a u» ^ pQO , 

?h" f«: r T.^"".-m-^ r rs' G,:,m k Bu..'.r,.aUg,, Oregon. ,„-. I- »■ 
W „ (or the Brown Brothers tin 
P „,„.-The children »g» ^Ve", ga'c . missionary program and 
past summer and on Nov. -« tn«.y « ,i c kne„ our Christ 

broughi in their money _ SJ6.27. » « » '„,„„, T h. children g»v 
ma. program, could not '•0™" ) . , „, „„ pageant ., 

their program Sunday - -<. ;„ Christmas program. Dei 

the evening we subsl.tuted a ""ceiianec. A , a busl „e, 

26 we surprised our pastor w.ib g. Its ol pr ; Br0 . ,,„„ 

meeting we elected the various ehurc, officer ^ ^ ^ m , eb „ trf „, 

son as our elder lor the coming , . - fa At tbjs ,i me ou 

twenty-fourth anniversary ol the "»» tat ,„ rttag accounl on 
historian Br. h J<*nI)eckmang.v a ve^y ^^ ^ , 

mother church, line LrceK. ui» se rved which was enjoyi 

„, our own. A. noon a basket ^n ""^^ „, „ ulsi ,,e lp e,ke, 
by about seventy-five. In IBe ="■"?» , M and m „,her churche- 
ri^.5 muehS',r-;„"domc C ,or us^Mr.. Chas. Butter- 
baugh. Polo, „... J=n. .L ]ND]ANA ^ 

Elkhart Ci» church me. Dee. U j" »»«^' J' "'Jderatio" "ou. 
elected. The care ol the church poor came ,. ^ ^^ ^ 

attendance has been very good c""s.k,,n Tte cUHrll| 

ill. Dee. 23 a Christmas program »"-«™ 'vening ot the same d.„ 
.11 brought something lor the needy. .. b "^ „ y .11 who 

Four Mil..-On New Year , eve we m y;|ii a „,, 

church lor a gCtogctbc, mee »., The W"^ " , business meeting 
tellowship meal. This was lollow ed b,» » „ ,„ „,.„, 

which consi.tcd chiedy ol report!. 0«r '""' R H . N ic„dcm». 

tor a Bible Institute to be conducted by B ^ ^^ Q , , 

opening May 26. The ««;*' , ,r ( JS; C |, U ,C, ol .he com- 

s'^hTs *,t r.f ta £i c Ess.^is^'sjssi 
-d'^^. c m'Sprr 5 ^ t sLsrsst Sf 

S„„day-,ch.o, "dW^t, ^L,.ly ,«en reorganiaed wu b 
same purpose. The Aid =>ocic'- s t one ( our bo>>- 

Mr,. Myrtle Sbrader, pre.ident. Bro_ Alex. M ^.^ Th>|]ks 

who ha, been in pastor., work lor .ever y mmli „ t p „. cb ,d 

giving vacation with h,G parenU • «•«» „„ „„,„. Bro. F. E 
, very fine .crmon on be ■-">"« , h cbur e h „ith . copy .ol 

McCune, ha, presented each member ol t ^ ur ^ 

the gospel ol St. "r 01 "' "'' ' S is "™g=d to do'home reading and ihu. 
^uTr„t P .kin E g".,eToT, b ,"p peSnotl, interesting and ^bd, hL J 
•I'.' d, scToo, ...endanee b.. *%*£<,£*, STcS fiSeV .« I 
„e» among M. There ^ have '«' ™ f^'^ ..Richmond. Ind.. Jam »- 
,i„le Herbert B.ycr-M,,. Everett Dru , 

Sa.pte Grove (Southern. .-The pas. y=>r .jasjeer, ,« ^. 
and attendance , to mo., ol '»' D e a ,dorlt. superintendent. A 

lor Sunday-school with Bro. nen, A lew evening, belon 

Christmas program ™!"'" b '*'.' , h, home ot our pastor. Bro- 
Christma, member, and Ir.eud me. ^a. * « mlny „„,„, ,,[„ 

Ira Hia... and '"P"^, *""> ' "* j££ ■„ , h e church .he member- 
last evening instead ot the usual aci»». ,a>,,, P A Bro. Deardorn 

and Irieud, me. at the home of our aged and afflicted Bro 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1929 


■ which he was anointed by our pastor 
Mitchel, Clay City, Ind.. Jan. IS. 
in council Dec. 19- Bro. Claude Ullery 
Missionary and ministerial committees 

d worshiped with him, afti 

' a nd Eld. J. C. Mitchel.-Dor 

Oak Grove church convene 

1 the writer, corresponding' secretary. Bro. fc-lmer louir was re 

ccks has hindered scrv- 

, It 

ably ■ 

nents in the legal 
ommended that the 
School the coming 

ntendent. Our church 
as been moving along nicely with inter* 
Much sickness in the past lew 


\Vc apiirecKiU 
■s. Claude D. L 
Plymouth church i 

ich the help of c 


Mrs Claude D. UHery, North Liberty, Ind., J; 

' i council Dec. 19. We elected church officers 

*ia»~ Tin. lnnt Sundav evening of each month the B. V. 
;Vt m >"; v"„ some VoJ r pro/™.. Ab. .0 Si.«r M», Norri, 
, Mislawaka. Ind. will bo with us in « two weeks' lecture course 
I The Signs ol the Times. We also have organized a l«n ' 
* ..,,*,, Urn Hav Welborn (.resident. We sent a box ol 

3K « No«h Ca'roli," valued..' & besides , liberal cash offcr- 
lieause ol sickness in the home ol our pastor, the pulpit ha. 
„,!'„ id" other m,„,„er. i Bro. Wieand o. Beth.,,, Bible School 
J" I'""; L Rohrer and Bro. Baldwin ol Chicago, whom WCfflOyrf 
having with us. A fin 
j„ g and evening on D 

J Rock Run.-Dec. 2, the day of' the dedication ol our new church, 
. a dav long to be remembered. For this occasion, it was a real 

u tJ to have will, us Bio. O.ho Winger of Manchester College, 
'c' ' eem d his be,.. The bouse wa, filled to capacity for the 

dedication in the afternoon. Sadie Stutsman Wampler o! the 
„?,, of Manchester College, who wa. born and reared n .his con- 
"g 'ion, had charge ol .he music for the da,. Monday evening 

i Iked .he beginning ol the week's leas, ol good things, «hf> .Sutter 

Sara Boone, of North, gave u, her reading, con.,... 

ian, Plymouth, I»d., 

of selections fro 



• What Would Jesus 

,rth while for 

^ry much 

She, also, was formerly 

ning, the house was 

i The Divine Kights 

interesting and helpful and 

ne. Wednesday evening, we 

id Meier's sermon on The 

trated lecture by Bro. Kinzie 

lugh the eyegate, we get lessons 

soon forget. Friday, Bro. J. I. Bylcr and 

ter came to give us a very pleasant evening 

to those ten 


,ecommend the program she gives 

any church that can secure her 

a member of the Rock Run church. Tuesday 

fillTd again to hear Bro. H. K. Obcr's lectur 

f the Child. His lectures are alway 

8 ivc one food for thought for a long t»: 

listened with real 

Atonement. Next in order was a 

oi Elkhart. It is true that thi 

.hat we would othei 

family of North Man 

of sacred music. What an inspiration „ ... 

children and their parents the songs they love. Bro. \ 

, graphic account of his capture by the Bedouins and God 

deliverance and answer to prayer, in a way that gave _£-- "Z" 

faith in prayer and the unl.mited power of God. Sunday ™o"»'"B' ** 

u d in a' most beautiful way. the story of JesuS R birth in the hgh o 
W hat he has seen and known in and around Bethlehem. The final 

i/rat in the series was a musical program of real merit on bunuay 
evening given by Bro. B. F. Wampler and wife and Bro. Roy 

Oiling and wife of Manchester College. The following Thursday eve- 
nine was our first communion in the new church, at which nearly 
hundred communed. Bro. Geo. Sherck of Shipshewana officiated, 

and Bro. Geo. Phillips. Danville, Ohio, formerly of Rock Run, «- 

most helpful self-examinatioi 

gave a very splendid prograi 

boxes, their gifts amounting 

Syracuse, Ind.. Jan. 17. 
Rossville.-A miscellaneous program was given Dec. 23 With a talk 

by the pastor. The missionary committee will sponsor a play, The 

Color Line in the near future. Much sickness has prevented regular 

services Dec. 16 the church and Sunday-school officers were elected 

for the coming year: Bro. Osa Krebeihl. clerk; B 

superintendent. The church met in council Ja 

designated as song book Sunday, at which time 

for new books. April 7 the Manchester glee club 

The missionary committee reported $406 ir - 

The pastor's yearly report shows 411 call: 

anointed, one baptized and eleven funerals. 

ville, Ind., Jan. 12. 


brethren was granted. A few necessary adjus 
ispects of this change are being made. It 
Juntlay-school board arrange (or a Vacat 

- Also the question of- a -revival ii_ ._ 

isidered, but an evangelist has not been definitely arnjnBea 

n committee was appointed to try to arrange for a fa'her and 
son banquet soon. The trustees arc working to get favorable action 
on the proposition of grading and graveling the road past the church 
to connect with the state highway. A few weeks ago the enure 
teaching force of the Hansell consolidated grade and high school gave 
us a splendid Sunday evening program consisting of music, songs, 
readings, .and talks to a large and appreciative audiencr 
last correspondence one has been restored to incmbershii 
Shcrfy, Hampton. Iowa, Jan. 10. 


Calvary.— The two churches of Kansas City, Kansas 
and Calvary, enjoyed having Sister F. H. Crumpackei 
Sunday, Dec. 30. She gave us some very mspir 
Sunday evening the young people put on a play, i 
at Christmas Time. Sister Crumpacker followed 
lecture, which was enjoyed by a large and apprec: 
Sunday-school at Calvary for about two montl 
saved nickels for mission work. We have $28 as a result ol our 
effort. We decided to send this money to China to be used as Bro. 
F. H. Crumpacker sees best. The most of this money came from 
the children, so we let them have a choice in where we should place 
icely. We have a splendid group of 
are looking forward to the time when we can 
;rcthren arc really filling a place along with other 
ons in Kansas City. Since our last report two 
by baptism, one from First Central church and 
. Geo. R. Filer, Kansas City, Kans., Jan. 14. 
Richland Center church is moving on nicely under the direction of 
our pastor, Bro. M. G. Blickenstaff. His practical sermons, coup 
with a great interest in our young people, is very com 
23 the young people gave a much appreciated pageant 
Christ. Attendance has been hindered 
inclement weather and bad roads. Jan. - . 

was decided to repair the north wall of the church basement. E 
Roy Miller was elected to the deacon's 
Blickenstaff.-Grace Mae Davison, Beat' 

mber of 

. J. 


talks on China. 

titled Facing Facts 
with an illustrated 
live audience. The 

, before Christmas 


it. The woi 
loyal membi 
feel that tl 
Christian organiiai 

i Calvary-lV 

moving I 

mdable. Dec. 

i the Birth of 

account of sickness, 


h basei 

office and installed by Bro. 
Kans.. Ja 

sermon at a previous date. Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe and wife hav. 
at home for the past few weeks and he has given us a nu 
soul-inspiring sermons. We appreciate their presence. Jan. o we 
had our Christmas program which had been postponed on account ot 
sickness. The children gave a short program followed by a play by 
the young people, entitled. The True Meaning of Christmas. Bro. 
Teach of McPherson College was with U! Sunday, Jan 13. He gave 
a tldk to the young people and a wonderful sermon. -Violet Lambert. 
Lincoln. Ncbr.. Jan. 14. 


Clovis,-Dec 30 we met for regular quarterly meeting, reorganizing 
our work for the new year. Our elder. Bro. E. J, Smith was retained 
for another year; the undersigned, correspondent; and Sister Minnie 
Rodes, -Gospel Messenger" agent; Sunday-school superintendent f 
J Smith; C. W. president. Ida Singletcrry. The flu has ■— 
quite generally, but in a light form, making our altendan 
small but as the epidemic is now subsiding we arc gaining _i 
and a good interest is manifest. Sunday, the 6th, v 
dinner at the church and the afternoon was spent i 
meeting with the new officers, and an hour with the Sunday; 
teachers in our regular monhtly meeting. We are cxpectiu 
S. Z. smith with 'us soon in a revival meeting ; 
be with us in August. Wc are looking forward to the, 
with great expectalinns.-Mrs. Katie E. (Smith) Call, Clov. 


Fi-ataTnitv ehurcll met in a monthly business meeting Dec. 7. 
oEStaTiS- were chosen. Our elder. H. J. Woodie. who has 
so earnestly served us through the past year, was reelected; Bro. 
Ross Sides is church clerk; Sister Lucile Lashm.t, -'Messenger 
agent and correspondent; Bro. H. D. Robertson, Sunday-school snpe 
inlendcnt. The church decided to hold a 

summer, closing with a love feast. Nov. 

from Mt Airy were with us. lie preached a very interesting sei 

The Junior League gave a splendid program Thanks pvrag^ev. 

We rendered our Christmas progr. 

slon-Salem, N. C. Jan. II. 



Rairigh to 
, N. Me*., 

23.— Lucile Lashmit, Wit 

rally a 

ore (First).— Nov 
the Woodberry 

camp fire. I 
talk on Pion. 
the auditoriu 




The children br 
i seventy dollars. 

lUght their missionary 
-N.ettie C. Weybright, 

o Floyd Gochenour, 
,. 10. Jan. " 
funds will b. 

will gi 

singing and recita 
service of story . 
well attended and 
Jan. 11. 

Cumberland chu 
authorized to CO 
blue print for a 
Sunday-school ha: 
ladies' Bible class 


11 the Pioneer B. V. P. D. held a 
:hurch. In the evening they all 
:he Sunday-school room around . 
y. C. H. Shamberger gave an encouraging 
r work and later had charge of the evening 
These services were much enjoyed by i 
^ L. B. Martin brought us the message on mantes* 
hich a number of baskets were distributed. On Chnst- 
thc children of the Sunday-school gave a program of 
citations. In the evening the adults gave a Christmas 
song, The Star of Glory. Both services were 
uch enjoyed.— Nora E. Geiman, Baltimore, Md„ 


ind helpful 


«ave a Christmas program. The primary depai 
v .„al good selections and the young people's class ga 
the pageant! The First Christmas. The white gilt offering amount 
to $30 which was^iven to a needy family. We are very (ortun. 
in having services every Sunday by our elder. J. M. Meyers, it 
Arthur Warner; they fill the appointments on alternate Sundays. \ 
feel richly blessed by the they give US. < 
meetings held at the different homes with J. 

Cando.— Dec. 23 i 

ry helpful a 
by the young pcopl 
Mrs. G. W. Nc 



i met in council Jan. 
r with the District building 
w church. This is needed 
utgrown the present building, 
•ed into the parsonagi 

cli clerk • 
mittce foi 

ry badly as our 
Last Sunday the 
three classes now 
y hlcpful and inter- 
were taken by the 
young people 
H. Wakeman, 

Our \ 

an appropriate program w;i 
ido, N. Dak., Jan. 14. 


Bradford-Dec. 9 being the fifth anniversary of 
church we held a special service, rejoicing that 
releasing our church from all indebtedness. In the mon 
Winger gave us an interesting talk concerning his expe 
At the noon hour a basket dinner was enjoyed. Mai 
former members of the church were present, 
consisted of special music, the burning of the 
splendid address by Bro. Winger. Ji 

wc had : 

ng Bro. Otho 

i abroad. 






March 1. 


eturned missionary from 
L. Winters, Cumberland, 

who had 

Sil Dec 

Greene church met in council 
reelected for the ensuing year witl 
committees. Dec. 17 a goodwill Chi 
vegetables, dressed chick* 

IS. Chui 



members on v 
i barrel of canned frui 
sack of clothing was sent to the 
by the Loyal Workers' Sunday - 
school "class and the Sisters' Aid Society. Sunday evening, Dec. 23, 
the church enjoyed a splendid Christmas program by the various 
departments of the Sunday-school. An offering was lifted for the 
General Mission Board. The home department of our school sent $a> 
to the General Mission Board as a Christmas offenng for the Africa 
mission. Dec. 30 we did not have a sermon as Bro. Small, the pastor, 
was ill with the flu. Our watch meeting also had to be withdrawn 
owing to the flu epidemic. Sunday morning, Jan. 6. Bro. bmall 
delivered a splendid encouraging sermon with whtch to begin the 
new year. God's Promise to Joshua.-Elsie A. Pyle, Greene, Iowa, 
Jan. 11. 

Prairie City.— Eld. I. W. Brubaker officiated at our fall love feast, 
when about fifty members communed. The church met in council 
Dec. 8. Bro. Carl Elrod was elected superintendent of the mam school. 
Eld. M. W. Eikenberry of Dallas Center was with us one Sunday 
recently and delivered an inspiring sermon. We are looking forward 
to a union revival to be held in our community very soon. Much 
sickness and bad roads have kept our attendance at all services small. 
—Mrs. J. B. Bowie, Monroe, Iowa, Jan. 11. 

South Waterloo (City).-Nov. 3 and 4 it was our privilege to have 
with us the state officers of the B. Y. P. D.. accompanied by the 
adult advisor, Walter Royer. Saturday evening fifty-four attended 
the banquet. Following this the subject for discussion, The Possi- 
bilities of the B. Y. P. D., was well taken. The Sunday morning 
service was in charge of the young people. During the flu epidemic 
early in December Sunday-school for all children fifteen years and 
under was suspended for two Sundays. The Saturday before Christ- 
mas the children of the elementary department met at the church to 
receive the treat given by the Sunday-school. With very little 
preparation a splendid white gift program was presented by the 
Sunday-school on Dec. 23. The primary and junior departments gave 
a few good numbers, followed by a pageant. The Call of the Church. 
which was very impressive. The sum of $168.10 was given for 
missions, besides a number of baskets of food for the needy. The 
church met in council Jan. 1; this was also the annual business 
meeting. Officers were elected for the year. The report of the 
financial statistician showed $18,200 as the amount given for local, 
benevolent and general work of the church. Bro. D. J. Lichty and 
wife, on furlough from India, spent the holidays here. Bro. C. G. 
Shull and family also spent part of their furlough at the home of 
Mrs. Shull's parents. Our pastor, A. P. Blough, is in Detroit this 
week attending the Foreign Mission Conference of North America.— 
Mamie E. Beekly, Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 17. 

Union Ridge.— On Thanksgiving evening wc observed the communion 
service. Wc appreciated the presence of visitors from the Greene 
and Ivester churches. Eld. I. D. Leatherman led the service, being 
assisted by Eld. F. K. Allen of Guthrie, Minn., who with his family 
>s spending the winter here. During the summer our Sunday-school 
children earned money for missions in India. Their total contribution 
was over $30, which amount was given in connection with a mis- 
sionary program given by them at Thanksgiving time. Our quarterly 
business meeting convened Dee. 6 with Eld. I. D. Leatherman pre- 
siding. Church officers were elected. Bro. Leatherman had served 
the church faithfully and sacrificialiy for two and one half years. 
He pleaded that he be not reelected and Eld. J. S. Sherfy was chosen. 
The writer was elected correspondent. The present pastor accepted 
the request of the church to continue the work as in the past. The 
request of the church to District Meeting that our church name be 
changed from " Franklin County " to " Union Ridge " Church of the 

The Sunday-school gav 
esting "Christmas cantata. The speaking parts w 
children and the singing by the young people, 
have organized a singing class with our pastor, Br< 
director. The church regrets the loss of one of ii 
Mrs Agee, who passed into the great beyond Ne 
We hope to have Sister Grace Clapper 
China, with us in the near futur 
Mi, Jan. 14. 

Ha.ger»town.-Siuce our last report Bro. Harold Snyde 
been licensed to preach for a year, was elected to the mimst 
ginning Oct. 14 up to Nov. 4. our pastor gave sermc 
to our evangelistic meetings, which began Nov. 11 and close. 
25th. Cottage prayer meetings were held twice a week; the I 
of the prayer meetings there were 300 in attendance. An 
spirit prevailed and also personal work m a arge measure. The e 
was a large attendance throughout. Our meeting was conducted by 
our pastor Bro. A. B. Miller. Mr. Henry Backemeyer, of Ind.anapol s, 
Ind., had charge of the song service. Mr. Backemeyer has served our 
church twice and we feel to be congratulated in securing the serv- 
ices of such a competent and consecrated worker. Bro. Miller and 
Mr. Backemeyer visited a large number of people during the meetings. 
As a result forty-four were received by baptism and seventeen oy 
Bro. Miller was at his best in giving us splendid sermons 
Khout our meetings. He still retains that characteristic of being 
ntiring worker. Five hundred and seventy-five attended our 
.union service. Bro. Miller and wife gave communion to eleven 
ble to come to the church. Bro. John Howlus 
„., preached the examination sermon and Bro 
B. Miller officiated. On Sunday morning Dec. 23 a splendid 
ndcrcd by the children of the Sunday- 
usical program was given by the choir.— 
3wn, Md., Jan. IS. 


During th< 

owd greeted hii 

B in* homes ar 

soul winner h 


Christmas progran 
school. In the eve 
Gamma L. Krider, 



n members' meeting No 


Church ofii- 

«« ^o^h, coming y ;ar were" elected as follow^ Clerk, Ethel Whi 

■•Messenger" correspondent, Grace Ward; Publishing House agent. 
Har.dd Hoover. We decided to call for the District Meeting for 1929 
Sur series of meetings began Nov.. 25 With Brother and Sister Hoover 
in charge. The weather was very im 
the attendance was small. As 
Sunday-school girls were baptiz 

i- ti_-.i -...J dcior i-m :ac iiiiiiiiiB^. ■■- 

-if the influenza 

afternoon service 

gage and another 

nembers' meeting. 

.... y; i. D. and Si..«r Jolii, M. S,o.,r wa, cHo«n 

ir leader; much interns! ii being inanilesU,!. Jan. 1- 

t ol Oregon began a revival here. A big 

ic interest is continuing. He is busy cull 

[ acquainted, urging every Christian to be 

Mrs. H. J. Lehman, Bradford, Ohio. Jan. 15. 

-The vcarly report of the mothers." society is as follows: 
year seven meetings were held. The society held two 
,„ the proceeds being S6I.M. In August we en,o;ed a picnic 
in which the daughters .hated. We also held a missionary inee ,,., 
with Sister Ruth Wenger directing a play given by the junior girls. 
During the year the society was privileged to listen to a number ol 
splendid talks given by mother, ol our organisation and >ncak.,, from 
other place.. The flower committee vis.led in hftysi, homes. Our 
total yearly offering was SH6.1H; wc received Hi rough ■»'«•="«» 
hoses, $37 41 Our average attendance wa, thirl, -eight Nora 
Kteitze, was chosen president lor the coming year. In meeting the 
problem, ol the home we leel our organisation la, given — very 
^radical help-Mrs. Iva Erbaugh, Brookvdlc. Ohio, Jan. 11. 

Deahlor congregation met in council Jan. S. Bro J. ?■ """J" 1 ' '" 
,„„ elder for another year; Henry Di.hong, Sunday-school supcrm- 
"endenti Webb Buchanan, St., " Messenger ' agent: Horence D,s long 
and Esther Dishong. to District Meeting, with Wehl, Bueh- 
anan. Jr., and Kaihryn Roberts, alternate,: the writer, church 
Our Aid Society put a new r 
a very good report ol the v 
interest are on the increase. 
Guthrie lias given us the past year.- 

'Middle Dia.riC.-Our homecoming "Oct . > was well attended. Bro. 
O. C. Sollenherger gave a very timely talk on he lesson Bro. t E. 
Weaver of Clendora. Calif., gave us two dlustra.ed leciures one in 
weaver u. ..,„,, ou The Rclatmn ol Home, 

the forenoon and the other in inc i«"'", ti„-. n rn 

Church and School to Hie Community and the Christian Home, lire 
R N. Leatherman delivered a powerlul missionary sermon ... 
alternoon. The chorus rendered some appropriate n 
C. V. Corpock of Sidney, Ohio, began our revi. 
siatcen inspirational. »e,mo„,_ trom^ gospel _.l John jjh"* *■ 

uilly. They gave 
,rk done the past year. Attendance and 
glad for the help Bro. J. L. 
-Esther Dishong. Dcshler. Ohio, 

pastor did i 

lal sermons from 1 
visiting in the comm 

. 22 Bro. 
.■ting, preaching 

-csult of these meetings five of our 
We greatly appreciate the faithful 

did n 


. the 


pageant o 
El ma Reu, 

Nemadji church met in c 
Hoot, presiding. Officers we 
to hold a revival in the n 
day Bro. Root delivered ar 
We had with us the pastor 
church of Sandy Lake, thei; 
We held our Thanksgi 

community — Elma Reu, Beavi 

h mrt in cojncil Dec. 12 with 

elected for the cc 
,r future. In tin 



Mich.. Jan. 11. 

...- done through his 
■endered special music 

several songs which wcr 
i. H. M. Coppock, our pastor, was 

year. The pastor has just closed 
, Ohio. " 

Wc were glad to 

mister (or a number 

rncst labor. During 

i.l the West Day, on 

greatly enjoyed. 


i ga. 

■ the 

,ur elder, Bro. L. H. 
ing year. We decided 
evening of the same 
ion to a well-filled house. 
of others from the Baptist 
hoir favoring us with several numbers, 
the previous Sunday. A Christ- 
and young people; Dr. Cook 
inger, Ba. 





by the chihlre 
ddress.— Mary Hei 


. Jai 


.anksgiving evening. 
lessage. On Sunday 
Nov. 29 we met in 
Mohler was again 
iuperintendent. Dec. 
, the Life of Christ, 


Mineral Creek church met for services on Tl 
Our pastor. Bro. B. F. Summer, brought us the i 
following our home mission offering was matl ^- 
council for the election of officers. Bro. Jame. 
chosen elder and Bro. Ira Saxton. Sunday-school 
23 Bro. Summer gave us an illustrated lecture o 

evening another lecture on missions, at which time 

lission offering.— Pearl SaMon, Lceton, Mo., Jan. 14. 

council Dec. 1 with Eld. E. H. Eby 

elected for the following year: Bro. 

. Andes, clerk; Sister Mary Marti. "Messenger" agent; the 

writer correspondent. Bro. Eby remained 

ing and evening services and gave us tw 

messages.-Mrs. J-aUa. Andes. Mound City. 


ncil Dec. 28. We decided to have a revival 
red the services ol Bro 
for the first two week! 

we gave our foreign r 

North Bethel church met 
presiding. ' Church officers 

Lincoln church met in counci 

ch by bapti 
have Bro. Coppock with t 
of years. Much good \ 
the revival the chorus i 
chorus favored us with 
At the last council Bri 
presiding elder for the 

„°o CC Gl'e°„' Wc°ime" W a„d m BVo:' O." C Sollenherger brought the . 
which were very helpful. The Sunday-school ha. ,u.t closed a ve 
1,0 .ear with .in average attendance of eighty-two, wind. 
m„ C " ban an" pr viot," year." The Brethren', Aid delivered seve, 
?hr slms. basKc, 1 , to the sick and .hut-in, of tbt ; »™»»'* 
23 the children ol the Sunday-school gave a Christmas pi 
the lorenoon. alter which the pastor "resented c 
a little gift copy ol the gospel ol Mark.-I. J. Coy. 
City Ohio, Jan. 14. 

New Casriude church enjoyed a highly spiritual and hclplul 
talTfl 16. conducted by K. H. Miller, pastor, o, North 
Manet,"..",, Ind. Hi. effort, were highly "J-^Jg^fSS 
Christ Much interest was also added to these services by the songs 
and special mu.ic. Our Christmas P~«,am .a, «'""„ °« r ^J' , 

-Laura Barnhart, New Carlisle. Ohio, Jan. 14. 

ncil Dec. II. Dec. 23 a Christmas 
, consisting of songs, recitations, pantomimes and 

special, offering wasJ.Hcd^ or ^m.«^ ^^ ^ Thc 

the singing. - 
Springfield (city) ctrtir< 


The ch> 

. 6, : 

splendid : 

rch has n 
West Charleston. 

ager foi 

ork. the date b 

ices conducted by ou: 
of the Christ as 1* 
Krbaugh and Yoder i 

irch. Bro. Bontragei 


Stct, Mo., and gave us a splendid 


j. Robinson delivcre 

hich inspired us to more loyalty w w- ■- 

de much progress in thc past year and thc o 
Harvey Grisso, Springfield, Ohio. Jan. 14. 

-Our church enjoyed a week of Thanksgiving 
pastor, Bro. W: E. Hawkc. He led us to 
Iraytd in ihc gospel of Matthew. Br 
:o gave messages. Some special musical 
(Continued on Page 64) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 26. 1929 




(Continued From IW S9> 

„,„,. outside of our own ,«»£*» The^n. T „ e bU . 

gations might be summed up by * ^ pos . 

Should attend and cooperate n the : A (he fflMt . 

sible or make some con.r.bu on o r he g ^ ^ ^ 
ing . also give fi— a ' a r S e "t r a sU,e" Bowman and others 

Macclenny, Fla 

John L.. died Dec 6. 
On coming here he 
hut'aiter attending our servic' 
to be one oi us an 
Maytown church 
by.— Lydia A. 

aged 84 years. 

Mlry Elizabeth Bagwe.. (nee ^w^« p .^ g> OM o. 


, y Br.. A« Cri.t Interment m .he 
y _J,yd.a «• »--». «•■»>»»?■ F ' a n . n Myrtle Poin ,. Ore oi 

iMtinS? »?: si""" ™~"2 

Myrtle Point, Ore. „ Hcnry Becklel, died 

Bochtel. Ell. Mae, d™f h, "°' ,?';,£ aged 7 ye»«. • """"tarf 

,d lour brothers survive. Funeri 

.„*«. and being regnl.r *~j*-J&ttf t^g 
,„d three daughter.! » to " 1 '™' and Rev. Manning. Burial 
SP t^?rol,r^o^ 8 th= chu S ;=?- P M-.= S. Gipc. Her.h.y. I- 

"«* "■ b r , B ta a^d°y , 5£^~' i? '»" ^ 

Grundy County, Dec. 12. """"."? ^dam G. 

adjoining een 


On Feb. M, i«». •■» "- e - ynl0V ed *»«„„„" eS" "tW2".. "™'° "»'".-' 
wife of E. B. Bagwell. They m ^ oI „ h0 „ „„. 

the Brethren .» J4ft ** g*^ ^ M,,y only ehj a-o£S. „, , .8* deP„,c *. 

a beautiful and devoted — .t^K T-g^^-J&ft? b ^ 

life. . t . v „„ me ,he St. was married to Joseph OjJW*j ,,„„ 10 thi » u„,on. . even 

,b„». five year. ago = /"^^ .hirtytw. P"*** 1 ^ ffi 

C^-^huS and X/ ,^ S , r ndebdd. is She ^ 

ssjsl s»i% sSh sifi art- 

services by .hew, '« j,^ Jnd . 

Moss cemetery .-A. F. "»« f k Colb _. _ 

Clb-t, B.»J.. f^'I'ortland '" of inflammatory rheumatism 
Fairfield, Mo., died in a 

iiiaren *"" -— • •-* - - 
. me mbcr 3 of the Churi 
,[ life. Funeral _ 
ssisted by Ira Long. 
. Burns, Wakaruso, Ind. 

"on Feb. 24,1884, she became 'h ; 

- PitQhure Ohio. In 
, n a farm near FrtSDurg, y 

rToved to North Manchester, Ind., 
where she was living when °«* "m^ and lived 

She was a faithful Christian wife and hef Umily . 

. «fe devoted to God, to her church ^ for ,. 

She will be "membercd by a^ J* 
oniet, self-effacing and self-sacrtficmg ^ five 

She was the mother of *»«d»M«^ • « rf „,, 

boys, all of whom are tvmg »n I who ^ devoted 

church. Besides the °»'™»^f«n ^« e sis ,ers are liv- 
-^^t^^r^ passed away wit, 

Ind.; Omar, manager of the ' m of GreC n- 

Telegraph Co in M-^*]^ Ohio; Olive, a 
ville, Ohio; Mrs. H. M. Stone^ o ' hoo , Bk _ 

teacher in the Manchester CoHege ^'°« of De . 

tha.anurseofCh,cago;Cleo VMU Manchester 

troit, Mich.; C. W„ a teacher n he B ^rt ^ 

High School; Russell » ?^ rf R ™h^».. A" ° [ 

1 Cor. 13, assisted by Eld, J. t - a '°" » h BMth «„ in 

WrigM from the Walnut S«r< ; . Chu ch.H 

North Manchester, Ind. was 

cemetery, near North Manchester. taiffi u 

North Manchest er, Ind. 

Christmas a, the Kansas W^^^ 
enjoyment. Plans had been » "*» ^ o{ „,, 24th 

and were duly earned ouEly ^ ^ ^^^ 

the guests of the Home were ^ .rf, 

reception room, where decoration m the wre 

had been elaborately ^^ prepared ^- '»' ^ {rom some 
placed the many packages, tokens oi g 
one to the different ones making up the spleno 

"wt all were seated a few appropriate songs^were ^ung 

afl -1 h t „r^n?vtw"chtX:ho B very a r:veJn,,; 
pastor of the fleasant viev. heavenly Father 

• i a .1,* KVesine and guidance of our heavenly i 
invoked the blessing ano most filting re - 

on our aged people here A " e ™ a . wh! . n God 

marks he carried our minds back to the time wn 

^-or^^r^.- — 


, born near 

B. E- 

-. '""* V si Axv* When ten yea 
,- 1S28 ,.7ed S »»»■ 2 .r°°' VVaii^on H« Whe 
o,r.hc canre .i.h.tbe lamdy^.o W"*"^,^. by Bro. 
brothers and three sisters fjmak, Wash. 

B,eshcars.-Florencc L. Brcshcars. bml 

Ecten— Jennie M.. daughter oi^ Jo.cpl 

- ssfiK* v^^ h s =.bou, b *°^r«. 5j 

„"r,.d «i.b the Church oi the Brethren «n jerve t])e cburcb 

,t,on. She leaves her 
the Salamonie church 

U n'i,.d E w C i,b a ,beC°hu,ch.T;be Brethren 
ter, Ind. „ Hnn . V a May 4, 1851. died 

N0 T5, a sat-j»s^^-«m 

rrmKisi'y rs d S«". - - * ft 


S55l.SS?eSJ J- ---^IirLr^ohn Frain 
F ^n. S,r. Jean, only tog- - J^ " 6 » J J, 

d,; d ^ their C= J» *5^\aKiSrS «e« 

ISTinS- i b n y .S d MT:°Sn ecm.tery.-Mrs. P. D* 
Pottstown. Pa- 1928 , h „ borne in Spring 

crpt^d-S ^Pl 'I" H.h'and 28 '. dky. Death. ..Lowed . 

The various gifts were then^d, st„b u eu, £--- ^ = , a,^., ^ 
cheer to every one present. We " e J^ h £vent so k,,^, g.nnd, , 
different churches that contributed to JJ»^ °» fa 
pleasant and uplifting. May God bless ^Troup, 
S'ving- Superintendent. 

Darlow, Kans. 

^SSLf ,,« 'JRSj = art; 4S? 

«. c at her late home by Eld. irosue r. D k 

services at n« ,, „;,~ hurial cround.— Mrs. irostie r. ^ 

the East Coventry Meunomtc bunai g 

H. C. Albaugh, and a s,s ter, Lut «J a r y ^.^ ^orn 

„,..« united in marriage with KeuDen rui i h ci lurc b ol 

7w" chddren. Sep.. ». .««. boU. ^S'^'U «n 
, hc Brc.hren. On Nov, 7, 18W Bjott ^^ n;> ^ 

chosen to serve the church m toe « home o( , ne on „ 

„S. in' .be Bcaver Creek »"='«» ^VhechuTb early in tile and was 

f Sai^ii"" *. I- »"Sf £Jr.. h S2:» ^""S 
.".e,rk d S UB Sa. F a"n°d"j. M Foater.-Nanni. J. Miller, Bridge- 

water, Va. D>r(?in Heiscy| di ,d a . their 

Bur^e:r-e!.";Tdlou;h. S g P ;be B eb C urch.-Mam,c .Cine. Her^, *. 
HLgh , Bober. Boscoe, ini.n. son oi MJL-d Sarah^K. H* died 
'■"'I, 6 ' "ItlW™ "bid ."..™e». in .he Eas. Coventry 
i£23XSZ£&. Trostle P. Dick. Po..s.ow», P. 

. a rfi.n Tan 3 1929. in Rockingham County, 
Jordan, Sister Margaret *••*««■>»■ ^ ug „ „ „( Harry Jordan and 
Va., aged abou. 83 '"•J^'"^ „„! ,o Highland Coun.y, Va.. 
„„ born near, Cn* «• ^ ,„, B eaver Creek congreg.l.on 
when . young girl and 1"« » broth „ F „„„ a , and 

of la.e I«| r »- S1, c e „Vb, *Eld. A S. Thomas assisted by Bro. A, 

, Bridgewater. Va. 



for .i,? "e« rmarS couple, Re,««.t .".«« 
; notice is sent, and full addre.a given. 

'"r^^B-hury-By the ".der-ja.^ ■• ^^S^fSaS 

«», Bro. Don Martin .^Nord. Man *«»;,„,, ohio . 

Tlaobury, Danville, Ohio.— >j. w. jeiuuv , ^ 

lU.lp. F. Eckerlc, Lwark, DL 

'i» Bamuet. wa. horn in Nobie Coun.y . .nj^died ^Dcc J, 

and 22 days. She had been tailing .J health severM «*e . 
"ck previous to he, death con tr.c '^"""V,','™ d,y. previous. 
Bro. Kinsey also bad eon racte the ™g d '"=" ' tta ple „„, Da le 
The double iuneral service was held "«■ ' ' » Tb laM 

-;- 1. £ STSSt Hr«nS C S« Ken 

sans s* ? awfs 

'^ro^'Br' o, near -^""S; ST".^.^ 
^:3'rrSX^^ay,°'f!&^w S 

bc-es-'a/JhrMicr. V.SS ^ -^ %- by Eld. CD 
Baker Burial in adjoining ceme.ery.-Myma M. Kre.dcr, Ea.t Berun, 

*'.' j e a; wife of Jacob Leedom, died suddenly, Dec. 4, 1928, 

l^dom Sadie wife of Jaco — , and S day,. She 


ianu, wrw ■«— J J' cl 
""'"'r "'hr n th P r<i Funeral services by her 

which she bad uccu u , Center , Iowa. 

Mrs. I. D. Lcathcrman, Grundy Cent rf 

^of SatiucT^d's^na S^'^d -J^ J. 
IS aged 80 years, 10 month. «*f |«.. ' ^ hM ,„. Seven 

EtSM^-SA; .b« - - * — ^'- 

« s by -be writer a. the RocK BO" c 
inicmcn. in Rock Run -^"-^ " ^ ^^ Mtoic b, bo, 

Minnicb, Harrison Blaine, son ol Dav.d and „ 

ncarTillgro... Obi.. ^''''^Te married Mi,. Jennie HiCand; 
1 month and 6 days. May IS. 1«", be dM io in , a «y. He 

ln .I.,.™ were born lour children, two oi tion an d was teach- 

rbo,eTbehc,dol elementary eduea.,.nJrh,voca. iii ^ 

ing hi, twenty-seventh term On. year. ^ ^ p „„ d , 

to watch the development of hi, pnpu* » thir .een be united 

mate common school life ccr.ihcale At t be J ^ge mcmb „. 

vvftb the Pleasant Vabe, Brethren church J d w rf ^ dcatb 

b was a member ol the board of ""««.» did everything pos- 

Tbe cenier oi bis totere.t was In, I. mdy f ond ,„„„„,, 

Bible for their comfort and haPP'"" 1 -. d ,„„„, ,mile lor everyone 
citiaen lived in *»""**„,, all who knew him. Be.ide. 
,e,,i was held n the highest estcnn u> , mo ther and three 

nt, wi.: and two children he h leave, h« lather m.^ ^ „ 

""•ST- F "S bTBr."...n Frb'augn. Inlernien. in the cemetery 
F - Sh ,,' 1, ™Ci., -Grace Sh.ade,, Union C.y, Ind. 
near Union City. e,r.ce „.,,■» „ear Granada, Kan... 

Mlnton. Ethel May Chase, b»n Oct z. 1 . beoaoe § j, oi 

died Dee. 31, 1928, in the Sabetha »>«'"'■. 1926 io which reUtion- 

church at Wetmore, Kans., oy 

Kans. . . ,,__,, West Hanover Townahip. 

™t^n'T;,o; fi *PaSk\no"rMrtun,a.-M,s. J. r, Wright. 

"r^r-Mlbnda. ho". in 4 Pe S svlvania, Sep, 2d, » «« 
bcr home in Flora, Ind- Jan. 4, 19^, arjeu a deceased 

day," She was the **»£&'£'££%££. »d .to scttM 
On Jan. 3, IBS. she was ™«"~ "^ „ bor „ lour chddrcn, one 

in CarroU Coun.y.. Ind. To "''•.""'"S,™" „andcbild. She umted 
surviving, Ira, ol 'f ™ "'jl' . . »d wa, in the bounds 
with the Church ol the B lrelhr» « '£ '» F „„al eon- 

due'," oy^c 1^^';™^ Lawn ceme,ery.-A. P. Mu.sel. 

Dec 30, 1928. aged 81 years, 7 month. IIM* » N ,d,ow. She 

, c , of Robert and Eli.. Ferguson and >-> „ dchlu „n. four 

' ave, three daughter,, three .»>. J™^ She wa, a ia,.h- 

great-grandchildren, lour ers «»« •» tban fi „, year,, 

fnl member oi the Ch««h rf th= Bre'her. ' « .__ ,„ j 

She was one of the ""''^ a. the church by the undersigned and | 
hopeinl .n spin.. Funeral < * Q Batim. Champion, Pa. 

,„,„„,», in Nc row cem ,ry. 

Novremer, William, was Born '•■»• g th B end, Ind.. Jan 

,be home ol hi, d»,.».«» $ ^"day, !» 1«™ he married Saral 
5, 1929. aged 84 years, 10 months and " "^ „„ daughter and tw. 

Banders. Eigh. cbddren were horn to ■ ^ MttJ gran d 

son, preceded the lather n.n'aney. « ^^ H „«,, 

children, sixteen f"'-'""^, March S, 1905. and since .bat tta 
with the Church ol ! the ?"■»'" ™" h „ ca f bis choice. From th 
had remained in Icbowsb *»'*« « e ^^ ob - o „ e «,,de 

time that he and bis came to i bis wi|e , ve j 

„„ a iarm near North Liberty unt ^'™\„ dtath fa „«. Sine 
on a second Iarm near North Liberty " d F „„ e ,al service, a. 

™cn he had made 1 hi, home •» »,, cj, Id™ ^^^ „, 

^"VSuien,^ "Port." cemetery near North Lib.r.y.-J. Oydr 

Yoder. in.crincin 

Forney, South Bend, Ind. parent.. Brother 

Nttchnaan, Evelyn May , d.ed i .. tta torn .1 bo P__ fc ^ 

and Sister Firmis N.tobm.r ne.r New U ^^ ch „ cb £,„ 

" ° °!, hS ™ r l" Baker ano Bro. J. B. Danncr. in adjo.n 

Berlin by Eld. C ; v L „, B g" Kr adcr, Ea.t Berlin, Pa. 

ing M. Kr. , v.rnfield. Pa die, 

Price. Sister Susan, widow ol »»» » „ , vi n e Pa., where she taw 

nfc. 9 .928. in Grandvtew Sell ler. ,11.^ ^^ b „, ; 
been taken lor observation io»' day. prev ^ complication 

attack; she had been sick about *'« mo „ th ,. H =r bn.b.m. 

oi diseases. Her age was 73 year, ano v rf jixMeil 

"receded her .lmo.t .ix.een years ^ f£ » a „ d three 8 :..ers 

children, thirteen of whom survive vmb^ ^ waj ,, 
,hir.y-nine grandchildren and '.» »^, ^ ster ii ng Christian char- 
beloved and greatly respected heca use o ^ ^ „„,„ , 

acter. She was » devoled m™^* inte «„ i„ its .e«V.n= 

Sb^Moyrind' B^S'^rment in the ad,i„ing eemc.ery 

born in Peo«^""'?;. d N r ° n - h ' e S surviving member being a ....«■ 
a family ol twelve oh.ldren, lb. onw Brethren at Lanark. He 

He wa. a member .1 the "«cb o , w ,n.y-six years ago 

married Mary who preeed ed n rf Ui „„„,„„ 

Eckcrlc, Lanark. IU. daughter in Wayne. 

Shank. Sister S.....W £%„" 4 month, and 4 days. Sbr, Pa., Dec 30. 9» ^.ged « g^"' M „ w «), Royer. In 1865 .be 
was the daughter ol Daniel and . "™ , wen tr-nve years ago. Jo 
married Wm. H. Shank who precede d her I wen.j » ,„ „-„ 

fli. union ,hrcc children were .'»" J"= n °e d ™',, h lh c Church .1 the 
.be accepted Chr... a, her Sav or and u ^^ o| ^ d 

Brethren. She wa, a oi ,<rong .. < s „ nd , y . 8C nool Ir.m the 
of God. She was an worn ^^ d , in , nB 

time oi it, orgamaal.on here until a ntw y anoi „ t e d during be. 

health her «""**,;«,„,. Funeral .erviee. by 
illness and reecved a great^l «»« ^g Hm cem „e r y._Sud.e U- 

Eld J. M. Moore. Interment 
Wingert, Waynesboro, Pa. Wayne.boro, Pa-. 

Stat.. Si...r Anna Ebaabe.b d,e d .« h « home m vn^ ^ 
on Dec. 29. 19* aged 67 y..«, 5 r„»^' Sr . ,„ 1901 .be 

daughter ol Job. and EI«,bc.hBe w(j ^ 

3,"deatl, ol her ahc m.rned W. 

;n wa* u«»a« ^ , 

Stents who preceded 

.,,,. Fnrlv in life she save her heart to Christ 

■«* Ch "*' b Th t Pa.".-. Eld. J. M. Moor.. Burial «. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1929 


isudie M. Wingcrt, Waynesboro. Pa 

:l netc,j- 

i. Martha, daughter ot J 
T\fn. J». 3, 1861. died 
S' Na'vln a. Sabe.ha.Ka - 
^ r "ri,d Ceo. Stark, a m,n,..e 
1 whom surv 

jseph and Margaret Cart, horn near 
at the home of her daughter. Mrs. 
Nov. 12, 1928. In October, 1878. she 
r To this union were born ten children. 
„„ Her husband preceded her about twenty-live 
,„ atar her marriage she joined the Brethren Church 
'"" ag °'^h?, r.laton.hip until The end. She with her .rally spent 
and «'» taed '"'*,. ?n Nor hern Wisconsin, a short time in Iowa and 

Stoner. Maba la, nee »» m j »'" J & ^; D «. 22, 1872; to tin. union 

„ d 7 days. Sh ~'J";»i„ died in inlancy. The husband 

>«" """t'Tseo Ste uo,ted with the Church o) the Brethren m her 
d;cd Jan. 1, 18». She uo.teo ^ m ember of the 

„ r , y married »«•="■■"" * „ cv „ ,ead, to assist ,n church 
church lor "-re .ton °'»890 she married Levi S. Stoner who also 
a „d community work. In iwu . gI a„dchildren, five great- 

preceded her. She leaves in '« • , ie w „ t Ni „i s hillen church 

barn Ja°v, '_ _.„' „„it.H in marriage to E. C. teeters i 

9 days 


Lesson Commentaries 

Peloubet's Select Notes, Vol. 55 

For the twentieth year Am.. R. W.1U is the lesson writer. Contains 376 pages, 
Ml, illustrated, maps, and a complete index so that you cat, find whatever you 
desire. Ably edited by . great Sund.y-.ebool and Bib!, atnden, Contains a w a th 
o£ Bible and other usable material. Though written primanly for teachers of In- 
termediates and beyond it eontains suggestions for teaehers of younger classes. J2.00. 

cc. 15, 1891. 

-;' ,'even children, «»°.^« ^e w a" m.mhefof Vhe Church oi 
S-JSS? 'Z ,££» approved <•««--- ^ 
rJ^fi^S Bro'f ^ S'uckey. Interment in Mt. Union 

"•"■"fJZZ' **- "ear Mt. Morris, H> died at 

Troup, Aim Rebct-ca, nee van >, d 4 d s 

ass » S?«=iiiisK 

accompanied him to his app c l lurc hhou S e near their home, 

over the prairie. J>ater mere w dauuhter- one son preceded 

SS £»•- "nn-it'ild 8 atfS&SVk Loohingbih.- 

Waynesboro, Pa., on Jan. «■ "» ■« ea Harbaugh Valentine. He was 
He was the son of John and L= va^ CoUiaov « r a „d the second, 

n.arried twice; his first wile was Mary ^ mdustrious 

Emm. G. Hoover, both preceding h.m. He "'„»„„,„,,„„. oi Christ. 
',""'• \ r d Eld C er,"j"'M. Moore and C. R. Oellig. Interment a. Grace- 
f"" Mdlsadie M Wingert, Waynesboro, P.. 

"v^yho Mary Olive, daughter o, J^ J£ »-J- - 
„tuc 12, 167), at Mogadore, Oho, diedol pr,e»» , fc rf 

h „ home in Sahe.ha Kans. Sb e b ecam. a m ^ ^ ^ ^ 

the Brethren at an early age and JTO olhcr9 she „,, u „. 

always putting above her own toe mt faithlul in her 

assuming in her work in the chur h but Wj^ -^ ^ 
efforts to carry on ... «orl «■>» >» » d ,„ „,;, „„ io „ „ e re bom 

work. She married Allan a. va." / huaband, parents, (our 

five children, all of whom w^J "?"*«£ /the Sabetha 

,rt;|:r^^{«b^g^^ £o« 

Walter. She is survived by an aaoureu t> . , h Breth- 

■ „. ck, was a lifelong member of the Lburcn oi iuc 

y , e.r',o"mo J n. n h. 3 an , r6 'd'ays- "h" was a laithlu, member o, ,h 
Church o, the *^**S!r3»ttJS t h h"er ta SeV,iee, 

vr;,r -if;; „ rs . T r , «•- - - r ^ 

rdau'gt.!r,S^r?otr FunS and burial a. Lancaster.- 
Ezra Flory, Huntington, Ind. - 

She w« the daughter ol J" ob » f,,u „„ io n nine children were born, 
she married Calvin Zentmyer. To «... union « « "•>' , 

ol whom .urvive «.i.h her husband In her early ma^ ^ 
with her husband united with the Church oi.i eightce „ 

Waynesboro, Pa. 


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The Church of the Brethren 

Formerly Called Dunkera 

1. This body ol Christian, or^.ed in the «|j "^^""'ffiVtiSj 

church being a natural outgrowth of the fietisuc »»« 

the Reformation. . ,. • i„-, r ;„. m 

2. Firmly accept, and teaches the 'nndamental evanghc.l doc »„ 
ol the inspiration ol the Bible, tie P«.™"»!j„£ "££!% hG. tone- 
virgin birth, the deity of Christ the »W*g «»>« """„! 8 „d 
ment, hi. resurrection from the tomb, ascension a nop s . 
"-ible return, and resurrection both of the just ana unjust vj 

J.^Ob'seTve.'tbe following New Testament r«-">'. B ^l%^,'"^'"\ 
Relieve,, by trine immersion lor the '«» ••""^•J ""10" ove .«•< 
Act. 2: 38); leet-washing (John U '•» . ' . ""■. ; om „u„ion (Matt. 
(Luke 22: 20; John 13: A; 1 Cor.. 11: 17-34; «?V. 'lJiVa" 37) ; proper 
»: 26-30); the Christian salutation (.Rom 1. 16 Act. 20^ 3/^P^ 
appearance in worship (1 Cor. 11. *->W. l £, c arlr fi . ,,}. laying on of 
the name of the Lord Game. S: " 18 l "" k r i,„ „e repViienta.ive 
band. (Acts 8: 17; 19: 6; 1 Tim. 4: 14). These ntes »".,"■' „ nd a , 
ol spiritual facls which obtain In the lives ot true o«^ 
inch are essential factors in the development of the """!*""„ 

Emnhasize, daily devotion 1.; >»= individual and fam^y worship 
Sent. ,l°d™ rno^y-'.M'a,'.'-^, V*i 1a k 1ng' , iaS C "or d U,e '.a.herle,.. 
idowa, poor, sick and aged (Acta 6: 1-7). .„,.,. 

S. ,Onpo,e, on Scriptural ground,: War and the ulna. «»£•& 
We (Matt. 5: 21-26, 43 44; Rom. 12: 19-21. ■■■■-."^■"fj. a- l0 ); in- 
personal and industrial controversy t¥V t - e 7 -, 1 &. 1 S M v <;■ IB); going 
temperance „ all thing. (Titus 2: 2: G >\J; ''?' Co ? 6- l.,); divorc! 
.o law, especially against our Christi.nhethren (1 
and remarriage except I 

_n H i^or. o; >-*/, •"- — -- 

ever, form of oath (Mat.._S: 33 ; 37; .If™^ 1 ?, ■ JJ chancT and dnlil 

oa.bfbc.'uTd ".'.eie'tierfrtor-ar "-T.) ;">»«»• , «»K« ^Tayagan"! 
amusements (1 The... 5: 22; 1 Peter 2: 11; ««•■«■ ">• •«" 
and immodest dress (1 Tim. 2: 8-10; 1 Peter 3: l-«. 
6. Labor, earnestly in harmony with the Great Cor.ra.u.0. ,. lor ft. 

atttzsant-ls ar apre&sxi*,er 

(Ma.U 28: H-20; Mark 16: 15, 16; 2 Cor. 3: IB). . 

* creed, in harmoay with 

7. Maintains the New Testament a, it, only cr< 
which the above brief doctrinat statement is mad 

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Officii Or S ar, of .h. Church o! the B»tta» 
eral Manager. » _'° «,* S, fi '„, c,,, extra.) 

H. A. BRANDT. - 

:« >1 Elnin HL. a» Second-class Matter. 

Entered at 

Note* From Our CorreipondenU 

s were furnished by 
i held Dec 22. 


(.Continued From Page 60 


CbiScc Sehrock -I H »™f ™- T „?l™ w.% b.p.i«a; .tar. wen »™ 
joyed his uisp.iiog sermons. J"' 1 " .Mldm. We »re certainly 

n ooe family-fiber, mother and fcr« K„. Wfl.oa, Aline, Okla., 
th-ukM I»r tbi. addition to out toli-Erma W.lso 

J "' "' OREGON v . th Bro 

Alh»y.-Nov. 3 we enjoyed a w W™ "g^,, tL"Wota»' 

Reed omciatmij. Nov 23 Nl J. • "• £li Gco Carl and Wife, 

iwored us with one of bis bne messages. sp l en did 

.route to C.l.i.rnia. *<\° «°™<\°IZT^™ •£'">"' ""' d 

sermon on Work Dee. f '»= '^'^iS,'',, cepa'm.,,. 

olay. Whte Gifts for the KwE- tm --> J . ' aonomtment at tbe 

We our A, d »«» ££ , he comi , lg year looks 

and church services is growing. me 

"r, encouraging.-Jennie Holl, Corvalbs. Ore 


„ i i ,„ was held at tbe Bachmanville bouse Nov. 
Conc.go.-Our love feast »as held at toe £ w Edr , s 

1, and 18. Several vi.mng «"»'"•«" "" = ™ '„, „," Whitc Oak held a 
ol Fredericksburg officiated *£°^ =£ D.°h«..«iUe bouse tbe 
,W0 weeks' of rev.val rneeUng , a. . ^ j^,, 

latter part of November, when nve • ^ drar ,„„. 

sermons were full of scnplure anu were « Conew.go Sunday 

A short Christmas program w as J .... y ^ a w 

school the mormng of Dec. a. EM. j. c. ■ ^. g ^^ 
propriate talk and the real Chr.stmas spirit pre . 
Ehaabetbtown, Pa., Jan. U. co „ducted by 

Hm hey church me. Dec. 1 .» council The «»■».><= ^ ^ ^ 

?;.."" pe,' labored lor -he -« o^Ch,,,, Th^ch 
beard mtere.ting as wel *■."'!?""'„„, ,„ ,„„g from various 

,o SJO.-Mamie S., H.rshey, Pa.. Jan. 10. 
■^.own^Tbe standard «»^ "m'.nt Oil ^ I 

a efer n /..'st„"So^ rvt Brurigb of ,-. CUege 

c_*£t3 SET*: r. 5 ssjk. » rS; . ». 

S5 ',:S 1 tat"di.Sn.°aT"ta°e»Sn.-A. 
SDanoEle, Lew.islc.wn, Pa., Jan. 14. CLw church me, in eouncd D ^^^'^ 
?cCr'"V...»ger" «eut Smcc our las. report six members 
tve'"een a"dVd "'"he c urcb b, bg-^^lCo -' ^ 
revival before our spring love feast.-Mr.. Fred Walter, U uee„. 

awa, ho a » .«* ■ ' » "« ' J,„„ by lta c , loi , under .he d.rec- 

.'oToi UheS eaoe, Bro Witaer C Berg. Nov. S the Sister.' A.d 
uon ot .heir leaner, d.o \ serv i cc Riving instruction by talks 

^'"/ b ot;,» a t.oL of he mer°f,"of ,h mife box as a mean, of 
and of the mer, bringing in ol the 

missionary givu-IS- » »' " s0 S? „„.i»rf which will be used 

Si-wSwidf mS' t7bY e^nmV,ta^. V. P D d pre,e„,d a 

veryimpres,™ «;-_** ^ V'd/netfon "o, *--i 
reahring .earl, SSO. A J ^'""" ^nS'.S h'.ar.s 

Sn"^e„"^a, b !'»e SS^S I^J^taS ^^S 
■ j V , ii,lt adviser Mrs. J. E. Eicher, for the good work done 
'b S , "thi, tpaum'en."^;;. P A.Vyera, Mt. Pleasant, Pa., Jan. 14. 

Norri-town church has completed the organization for the coming 
„" ."^bTsundayschoo. gave' an and pagean 
Dec. 23. entitled P.lgrims of .he Night. An •««» ' '»' 
lifted Since our last report one ol our number wo. taken By 
death. Mr,. Lc.h Harley.-Mrs. W. M. Ulricb, Norr.s.own. Pa., Jan. 14 
Pike church. BrotbersvaUey congregation, met ... annual eh"'* 
meeting and elected officers for .he year. Eld. H. 0- Khodes was 
re ne'd a, elder and pa.tor. The treasurer's report showed a .nb- balance to start the new year. The count, .was a gely 
attended by .be members, proving the,, interest u. the welte'col 
the church. It wa. decided to elect deacons at our ne.i regular 
quarterly meeling.-B. B. Dickey, Berlin. Pa., Jan. 12. 

Rtchumd.-Dec. 9 Bro. N. K. Musser preached for us m the morning 
Dec 16 our church conducted services a. .he coun.y home. Dec. 22 
we began a series ol in .he Millbach house w..h Bro. 
I N H. Beabm, evangelisl. The a.lendance was e.cepl.onally good. 
The presence of iorly-aeven vi.iting ministers .luring these ""ices 
inspired us considerably. Bro. Beabm expounded .he Scr.p.ure. in 
a demons.ra.ion ol spirit and power in these twelve "rrnon.. often 
in.iu« in „.t of his experience during b.s travel ,n the Holy Land, 
the homes were greatly appreciated. The meetings 
and the church wa. greatly strengthened. Jan. 6, in 
aur singing class gave a message in song to the aged 
n. Brethren Home who greatly appreciated this in- 
Lentr, Richland, Pa., Jan. 16. 

egular business meeting was held Dec. 31 with 
d committee, for the coming year. Our elder, 
who has so earnestly served us through the 

„.„ year, wa, reelected *J«jr^ ^SU <£ 

a Chris.n.a. program Dec. 23 »M» ,._, „„„„„,. We 

STSiltr-SS a^oS'm'ler';,.' in'oo... Su„day..c„ool and ehnrch.- 
M... M. S. Man,., Salisbury, Pa., !»»• «■ _ ^ ^ „ ,„ d church met .» speend »"'»"- ici , c ctcd elder in 

elected officer, lor the year. L. ,^HoH'n|er ^ 

charge; clerk. Mrs. Jas. lutt, Mess.n. ,, supenntend- 

P Se«. ». Chri„i»n Worker,' Soc.e.y. J. A. She-e.^^ ^ b „„ 
ent-oi the Sundaysehool, C. C. » ■" our 

,,eadily forging ahead under '''' k "„w,hip and a rising group of 
p a,.or. Kegular aUendanee good »* > ^^ „, ch 

young people all .ndic.te .tot the ^ Lord , ^ ^.^ , 

•-■Mires to do the will ol mm who » p , a no marks 

:„r burch debt, last »«« «»> »'», , ° J T State rom to. .er.ed 
a growing interest in the church V^ziKia: of Bro. Hol.inger. 
In .he pulpil on several »;'•... „ [W ,d ea s in 

Bro. S.aple.on. *»»e™tendent. " ! ™° c 8 ffici .„t effort we hope to 

^""TLT-l A S, etero'J, S.x.on. Pa., J... «■ 
continue to grow. j. «• ,. . ll)ig con grC- 

Unlon,own.-Fi.«ng Tliaiiksgiv.og J"''" *'"£,* ,iven, Eld. J. E. 
ga.ion Nov 2P. *'-gST On Dee. 2 the pa,.or 
Wbilacre delivered the Thanksgiving . ^reliance c |,urch, which 

began a sene, ol evange "«e «r"«s in th e K r|[ , 

i, a mission point of this church. Altera lved into the 

sonl-winning and inspiring messages, .hire en w en ^^ ^ rfK 
church through b.p.i.m one i ne.atn, ed, and ^ ^ ^ 

Sunday evening. Dee. 23, the sunn j „joycd by all. The 

spiritual Christmas program winch wa, g > ^ ^^ 

following Sunday evening we were • re t p, ^ prc , t „, c d .be 

guests the young people ol the 'a ■" missionary romance 

J,,.... entitled Robe'' ■»' w » ^ J '^"p,, „, Rober. and Mary 
por.rayiug the early. hie. as » »J A[ji=a D „ r m B .he past month 
Moffat, pioneer missionaries o |n bapl , snl . ihe 

,. e more pneio „ «J s^ere^bu » the young people ■**£, — !,£ 1^ organi- 
A watch party wa. held at the home o « P Thc c0 „g, e gai,on 

ration, and every one spent an en loyah e even, g Fob „, ry . » 

i, planning to eondnet a . B, ; e Inst i.n« some ^ ^ ^ 

,,as decided in council to use all """"J , „, e ch „„h of the 

week's program. There are eight. en _ * ' p „p, , e „ 

Brethren living in Brownsville, a mil. v id„i,y, and they 

•he »'^°: 'r;,d"'j E Wbi.acr r ..snm'e the .ask lor then,. The 
requested that Eld. J- *.■ VYni a . , h serv ic C , being held 

w0 ,k began «»|' * ™* ,tSl>"h. home ol Brother and 
every two weeks_ ""Sunday^ incre „ rf a nd great interest has 

Sister Beahm. The alien. ™« hcrc ,, A ,„ p , a yer meeting, 

been manifested among the «,t, n"' ula „, pleasing, 

are held every Friday evenrng ^ t» *»-»_ g^ ^ 

having reached as high a. thirty '"'" „ arranging to have a 

""•''V'meSg. so°»ie .ime' during .be winter 
C„ n n„ingham New Salem. Pa„ Jan. 2- 


"in^Ton Def" lo°' ItapurposT .?' or^nirtg't *J f to 
parsonage on uec. v ■ ,, Mrs Fre d E. Maxey, president. The 

Molsbee, Nocona. Tex., Jan. 11. 


Pt— »« Vidto (Seeo»d)-0«r t- «f ^"=,1 J.n.^ with 

E ' d ' S .?d Mi, B. P H"A"'Driv.: ^ wa', appointed on the borne n,i„i.n 
to be filled. Bro. H. A. ^" vtr "' la '' _ ,.■:,..,.,,. as trustees o£ 

KJT^i^ ^..L. C M rS:y, V.. Jan. ., 

' h pei„ Mil, church me. in council in December wtan officer, ^wen 

clec.ed for .he coming year. It was decade, to n . ^ 

rsatJ^. S"-"T"is J .•= «. i --ifrf si 

ii^mn:r^nS , L%e^srp::rSr e , 9 2^M?," , R. i 

Henry, Roanoke, Va., Jan. 2. ■ . 

win. Grov..-We have ,«.. closed our n,,.a. which b .„ n 
Chrislma, day, which wa, conducted by Bro J. R. J»=£° week ,, 

lines, in .he communi.y. In.ere,. was good, aid the work resoi 

in that he s an evangelist of great aDiiuy. mi Lewia. 

re-p.c.ed by all with whom he come, in con.act.-Mrs. A. F. Lew.., 
Taylors Valley, Va„ Jan. 10. 


Omak.-At our December council church offi 
reelected. At the January meeting of the Si.te 
reorganized; all officers were reelected with oiste 

"Sen. Our B. Y P. ^ re. ered ^^W^ «* 
r. C ,n,"g '".'ofin. iS? sSom"pr h ictd .'he Christmas sermon- 
Mr,. Florence L. Bre.he.r,. Omak. Wash., Jan. 1-,„y ol on, -people ha." ^ 1 with .«« ^ 
of^^^rXtak" up'Sr'ou^'foJm.'o, service with new energy 
i„e have ueen away for Ihe holidays and rc.urned others have 

Sp.fs y N N L w'eek will begin tta Uking o, .to -~f£j« 
::.:;e„s,"1 J« m R .Sly we b'.dVpriVilege ol worshiping with 
^rSS a. Olymnia on a Sunday **££•? ^Ji^KX 
T're"S <o vS, S B, . D B E b ; and hi, daughter, and o.ber friends. 
Th bough, memories of year', ago in Northern Illinois. A back- 
ward look is helpiul when it impels us to take a forward step.-Mrs. 
W. B. Stover. Seattle. Wash., Jan. 14.«.-Nov. 1 our new paslor, Paul A. Miller 
ol Wcnatchee, began their labors among us. Wc 
ministrations very much. Our Chr.stma, 
esting and much appreciated by the audience. L 
Bro W C. Lehman ol Olyropia. At our council 
the following officer, were elected lor th 
Nora Musser; Sunday- school sup- 



under the direction of 

Bethany Bible School 

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Elgin, Illinois 

JlCK^OKK^vSCiC. v4r Sj : 

"Know Thyself" 

8 aid a Wi«e philosopher to hit people. Were 
he living today he would say it with even 
greater emphasis. The new day with its 
new problems makes it imperative that peo- 
ple know themselves as never before. 


rs for 1929 were 

' Aid Society we 

B. E. Breshears, 

i program Dec. 23. 

id wile, form . 

c enjoying their 

elder lor 1929 : 

;cting on Dec. 30 

ing year: Clerk, Mr: 

Mildred Grecnawalt; 

writer. " Messenger " 

_ Recently 
and each of the. 

port the 

l of teacher; 

His visits i 
closed Dec. 30 
ihe afternoon, 
at the Neffsville J 
sp.ration— Iram J. 
SeJisbury.— Our i 
election of officers - 
T. Rodney Coffman 

Christian Workers' president, Erne Millei 
agent and correspondent. Since our last 
baptism- two letters have been received a..*. .. 
our young people's class was without a teach 
,augbt the class one Sunday until ^e regular elect.. 
Mrs Margaret Greenawalt, Tacoma, Wash., Jan. 10. 
North Fork.-Aug. 7 Bro. Lester Huffman and wife came to our place 
and conducted a t^o weeks' singing •««*»*«£ 
much by all. On the 20th we hegan a series of meetings with Bro 
M J. ClL and wife of TroutvHle, Va., in charge. Bro. Cline preached 
,xteen inspiring sermons and as a result four were received into the 
church by baptism. Bro. Huffman and wife had charge of the mus.c 
We held our love feast at the close of the meetings with very good 
attendance. We enjoyed their being with us very much.-Mar.ha 
Hartman, Dry Run, W. Va., Jan. 11. 

Sand Ridgc.-July 16 Bro. I. L. Bennett of Sugar Grove, W. Va.. 
began a series of meetings at this place, preaching fifteen spT/tual 
messages, assisted by our pastor. E. A. Lambert. As n result of the 
meeting eight were received into the church by confession and 
baptism; two were reclaimed.-Martha Hartmon. Dry Run, W. Va., 
Jan. 11. 

For Men and Boys. By Sylvanus Stall, D. D. 
What a Young Boy Ought to Know. 
What a Young Man Ought to Know. 
What a Young Husband Ought to Know. 
What a Man of Forty-five Ought to Know. 

For Girls and Women. By Mrs. Rtary Wood-Alles 
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What a Young Girl Ought to Know. 
What a Young Woman Ought to Know. 
What a Young Wife Ought to Know. 
What a Woman of Forty-five Ought to Know. 

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|^ aoi ci :i:ra x> xi a^o i ci:icio i o CT X Uci:i ooo i o io m r ms 0. 

The Gospel Messenger 

■• This Gospel 

jf the Kingdom shall be preached 
whole world."-Matt. 24: 14. 

' THY KINGDOM COME " — m.«. 9: io : L U k. n. 2 


Elgin, IU., February 2, 1929 

the stature ol 

No. 5 

In This Number 


The Simplicity of the Gospel, 
For Light on the Meaning ol 

It Is Yet to Be 

For a Change in Conjunctions 

Among the Churches 

Around the World, ■••■---■■ ■ 
The Quiet Hour (H. A. B.), .. 

General Forum— 

Jeremiah (Poc 

Is the Church o 

By Galen B.i 

Higher Educati. 
W. W. Pett 

1). By H. A. Brandt, 

. the Chu 

Some J 

._i Pathfinders.— No. 16. 
! nin Truth. By Paul F. Bechtold, .... 
The Atlantic City Conference^ By M. Clyd. 
Scientific Christian.ty. By Nettie Mabel* 
Keynotes or Footnotes? By J. L, Hoff. . 
Interdenominational Council of Men's Work. 
Good Willing. I Shall. By Maud Mohler T 
Dangerous Ground. By J. Herman Rosenbe 

Pastor and People- 
Wesley's Message and Method in Evangelis: 
Whispers of the Hills (J- E. M.), 
Baptizing With Water.' 1 

Home ajid Family- 
Incompleteness (Poem), 

The Martyr By Florence S. Studebakcr. . 
A Thoughtless Mother. By Luta R. Tinkle, 
Sorvice Unwillingly Given. By Eli 

tly or a Prophetic Order? 
h of the Brethren.— Part 4. By 
By j. H. Moore 

Horst, 68 

Scnger 68 


By W. J. Wcrkman, 69 

Jas. A. Sell, , 

beth R. Blough ?* 


The Simplicity of the Gospel 

You have heard, no doubt, of the simple gospel. 
That was what Paul preached at Corinth. He did it 
" in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling." 
And yet it was " in demonstration of the Spirit and of 
power." In weakness and in demonstration of power ! 
What a combination! But Paul was a queer sort of 
man. He was strong when he was weak, you re- 

The simplicity of his preaching was one thing the 
Corinthians did not like about Paul. Perhaps they had 
been captured by the flowery sentences of Apollos, and 
they noticed the difference. Possibly they took it as 
uncomplimentary to their intelligence. Well, it was, 
and Paul had to tell them so, straight out. He could 
talk " wisdom " and did, " among them that are full- 
grown." But they were only babes, not strong enough 
yet for meat. If anybody questioned that, the proof 
was ready and abundant, their jealousy and strife. In- 
telligent people would not quarrel. People who do this 
may be smart but not really intelligent. 

For how can one be called intelligent who does not 
know what true wisdom is? The wisdom which Paul 
could and did speak-, on occasion, was not that of " the 
rulers of this world." It was " God's wisdom." The 
former kind had crucified the Lord of glory, and that 
fact shows what folly it really was. It did not have in- 
telligence enough to understand Jesus, and of course 
did not appreciate him. The other kind is a better 
judge of values. It knows what true worth is. It 
knows that the ideals incarnate in Jesus will give 
soundness and sweetness to life and that no others will. 
It knows that the choice of these ideals aligns the life 
with God and enables it to draw on the infinite re- 
sources of his goodness and strength. In short, it 
knows the simple gospel of Jesus as the power of God 
unto salvation. It knows Jesus Christ and him cruci- 
fied, and nothing else as the remedy for human ills. 

This is the highest wisdom because its insight has to 
do with the most vital concern of human existence. If 
you do not know this, you are a fool, quite regardless of 
your expertness in all the philosophies and scientific 
systems of the ages. The Corinthians did not know it 
and Paul could scarcely tell them of it. You can not 
'ell it to many Americans. Some Brethren will not 
listen to it. The reason is the same in all cases, from 
that of the Corinthians to that of Professor Barnes. 

The former were " yet carnal." The latter wants " the 
objectives of life reduced to a secular plane." The 
only difference between the two statements is that the 
last is better adapted to concealing its meaning. 

Professor Barnes told more truth than he intended 
probably, in his choice of the word " reduced." A 
reduction it certainly is, a decided let-down from the 
high plane on which the greatest satisfactions of life 
are found. It is as true now as it ever was that " the 
natural [psychical, unspiritual] man receiveth not the 
things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness 
unto him, and he can not know them because they are 
spiritually judged." And it is as great a pity now as 
it ever was that men should choose to live on that " re- 
duced " plane. 

It is the utter simplicity of this Christian gospel that 
disappoints so many. Some will not have it at all and 
so turn to a more intricate system of philosophy. Oth- 
ers consent to take it and then proceed to make it more 
attractive by adding the missing mystery and ma- 
chinery. To both groups it seems incredible, not to say 
impossible, that the answer to life's greatest question 
should be so easy. 

There is a ready remedy for this disappointment. 
Let those who crave more complexity find it in multi- 
plying the kinds of services to which the simple gospel 
invites them. There is simply no end of things they 
can do for their needy fellow-men, as long as their re- 
sources and desire to minister hold out. And sufficient 
intensity of desire will probably create the necessary re- 
sources. They can start activities and set up machin- 
ery to carry them on to their heart's content, all fired 
of course by the controlling purpose to bring blessing to 
others. Likewise let those who would have more 
mystery in the simplicity of the gospel delight them- 
selves by mystifying their brethren with the lengths to 
which they carry their spirit of self-sacrifice. There is 
plenty of room for all kinds of wonderful and inex- 
plicable deeds within the limits of loving to the utter- 

That is what it means to know Jesus Christ and him 
crucified. Loving to the uttermost is the very essence 
of the gospel. That is just what God did and does. 
That is what Jesus did and what he wants us to do. 
The gospel is the good news that God so loved us and 
desires to have us in his eternal fellowship, and will, if 
we love the things that he loves. The condition is rea- 
sonable since fellowship is impossible on any other 
basis. He loves righteousness and mankind. So must 
we. We must love them to the uttermost if we woidd 
know Jesus Christ and him crucified. 

That kind of living calls for a great enlargement of 
our loyalty to Christ. It must go farther in and far- 
ther out. It must penetrate to the very core of single- 
hearted consecration and it must reach out until it en- 
circles all men and all spheres erf human relationships. 
It must inspire and envelop everything, everything. 

The gospel is very simple, and very powerful. If 
we love to the uttermost, it will save to the uttermost. 

For Light on the Meaning of It 

Occasionally we like to see what the thinkers are 
saying about the meaning of Christianity. We wonder 
if something new may have turned up, whether some 
keen mind has penetrated more deeply into the essence 
of it, has seen more clearly than anybody who has 
gone the way before him what the distinguishing mark 
of it really is. Does the latest well considered verdict 
make it a system of correct conclusions about God and 
man and sin and salvation, or an attitude of heart 
toward the troublesome facts of everyday experience, 
or what? 

We find it interesting exercise and not without some 
profit, we verily believe, but we always come to rest 
in the feeling that an honest effort to live this religion 
throws more light on the subject than anything else. 
We get the most help that way. We would not despise 
the labor of the philosophers ancient or modern. We 
value honest hard work in any line and especially in 
this the greatest of all the realms of thought. But 
this we know : no conclusion reached in the study can 
be trusted until it has been reenforced or corrected by_ 
trial in the marketplace. 

Does the answer you have found deepen your filial 
trust in God in the face of life's stern facts, and does 
it strengthen your desire to see your brother prosper 
in his business? Does it do enough of the first to 
make you smile at misfortune and enough of the second 
to make you prefer another's advantage to your own? 
That is where the whole matter must head up, you 
know, and if your theory does that for you it is 
probably pretty good. 

It Is Yet to Be 

" No man, having put his hand to the plow, and look- 
ing back, is fit for the kingdom of God." 

Then let's look ahead and go forward. The past is 
gone. Let it be gone. It had its place in the history of 
the church and the world, but that place has been 
filled. It can not fill any more places. The future 
will have to do that. It will as fast as it becomes the 
present, and that process is going on very rapidly. 
That is the spot to watch. 

The past is full of valuable lessons for us. History 
is one of the most profitable of all studies. Experience 
is the greatest teacher there is. We are very foolish if 
we refuse or neglect to learn from it. But our goal is 
ahead. And our ideal is still in the making. The fu- 
ture, not the past, must shape it. 

When Jesus spoke the memorable words quoted 
above it was the fashion to look back. Current Juda- 
ism was looking feverishly for the kingdom of God 
but the kingdom of their hopes was the kingdom of 
David and Solomon somewhat enlarged and improved. 
That was the model on which the new kingdom was to 
be built. 

But that was not the model of Jesus. His kingdom 
was not of this world. It did not come with observa- 
tion. One of that sort the people tried to force on 
him once and he would not have it. He fled from it. 
In the fastnesses of the mountain he threw himself into 
the arms of his Father and prayed for new— well, 
what did he pray for that night? 

This great thing God is trying to do with the church 
has never been done. You can not find it by looking 
back. Forget the things which are behind. Stretch 
forward to the things which are before. Press on 
toward the goal unto the prize of the high calling of 
God in Christ Jesus. 

For a Change in Conjunctions 

There is too much " or " and " versus " in our 
church thinking and planning and not nearly enough 
of "and." Is the church a human institution or di- 
vine? So we falsely put the issue. Men and women 
are the members of it. They make up the officers and 
committees. Human beings are the material witli 
which and on which it works. It is obviously very-, 
very human. But its message and power and life are 
from God through Christ. Apart from him we can 
do nothing. It is therefore most assuredly divine. 
Let's have less of these disjunctives that draw us away 
from God and from each other and more of the words 
and thoughts that bind us together. We are workers 
together with God. 

cursed land 


Why wander up and down a sir. l 
Distrcssed in flesh and m.nd and soul . r 
A prophet speaks his voiee enrages men! 
Wnytustl^ry destruction and de-„d 

A. righteousness they ean no °" de " ta " d ' 
Nor'ever grasp by earth bee^uedk nj 

So let me hide my words, for the ha 

A sword to wound a zealous servant s hand. 

And I shall dwell within some desert waste 

For now the seer in me can no. refram. 
Elgin, 111. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-February 2, 1929 

crete result of this empnasis « .» ~-~ ^ prfests . Q ur mls51M1 : as a ^ church , t ^ ^ 

deavoring to Camp-on the rar^c.^ rf ^ = g, sacraments «* -^ ^ ^_ 


Is the Church of the Brethren a Priestly or a 
Prophetic Order? 


The religious life of the Old Testament was di- 

Py antagonistic or pos.tK.ns J" k ° 
each -roup supplemented the work of the other By 
m kin "bid comparisons we can find groups today 

boh ms ordinances and rituals and the observance of 
su h"n titutions as sacrifices, feasts and worship as- 
sies : so a group today who ho.ds ceremomes jm 
bols ordinances, practises and "orders supreme in 
S* interpretation of God's will. might *^ d J£ 
lowers of the priestly type of teachers The ord 
Zee being d.vine in origin, it is the duty of man to 
preserve the ordinance." This is the.r v.ew 

At times when Israel went into idolatry ^the 
preserved the ordinances of the temple despite the 
baXliding of the people. Teaching seemed useless^ 
therefore they were content merely to preserve fte 
« emonies. They were the priestly pnests m con- 
trasted with the teaching **"?*£*'%£ 
the people and made the vital by relating 
the spiritual truth in the ritual with actual needs in 
dally life. They saw that the individual was the goal 
of the law. The ceremonies were to minister to per- 
tZ needs in common experience. The Church o 
the Brethren endeavors to serve mankind and the 
Igdom of God in the capacity of teaching priests. 
We interpret the ordinances as "Gods means of de- 
veloping spiritual graces in the individual. The end 
of the commandment is love out of a pure heart. The 
ordinances were made for man, not the man for the 
purpose of preserving the ordinance. 

The prophets were the evangelists of their day : dis- 
closing sin, calling to repentance, rebuking political or 
religious alliances, defining future destinies of men 
and nations according to the response given to truth. 
They did not draw the people away from the priests, 
but exhorted them to return to their priests of Jehovah. 
For a broad summary of the prophetic message we 
might quote the prophet as saying: " Having returned 
to your priests, move heroically among your neighbors 
in reverence, patriotism, justice and brotherhood 
In the main the priest's interest was in the individual; 
» he spoke to God for men, he spoke to man for God. 
On occasions he spoke for the nation collectively. Bor- 
rowing a modern term, he ministered in an md.v.dual 
appeal The prophets demanded reforms in industrial, 
social,' religious, national and international relations. 
Borrowing again they heralded a social message, but 
they held in high esteem the functions of the pr.est- 

Through recent years the claims of the social gospel 
have provided the dominant preaching theme in many 
denominations. The appeal to the individual has been The *"" , ored with promise, and the 

service are very h.ghlj color . Lausa nne 

United Church of Canada and th rece 

rend Z 1 be the greater our o P or wise 
*on. Remember that the prophets never m,mm,ed 
, he work that the priests were appointed to ™ der . 

What of the Church of the Brethren? The soca 
conscience of Christianity having found a means of 
express" n in the Federal Council of Churches we now 
see in many bodies a visible return to r.tual, liturgy, 
e r e ders of worship and the mechanics of priestly wor- 
ship Surpliced choirs, robed speakers, a stud.ed wor- 
hip service, spoken expressions of adm.rat.on for the 
mpr sive drtuna of the Catholic ceremonies a grow- 
infa, empt to build a worship period that shall equal 
in value or surpass the sermon, religious pageants and 
dramas, these straws on the w.nd indicate that the 
prophets are turning their faces to the sublime func- 
tion of the priestly teachers of spiritual »"»*• 

Recently, Charles E. Jefferson, author of^ 
of Paul and Character of Jesus, writing for the Chrs 
L Century an article entitled, " The Next Great Step 
for the Church," says: " The sacrament of the Lord s 
supper has proved to be a divisive sacrament, and an- 
other sacrament must now be tried: the sacrament of 
the basin and the towel, the sacrament of John 
in his report of the last evening says of the 
Lt ut on of the Lord's supper. He dwells upon the 
Institution of another sacrament, that of foot washing 
This sacrament possibly is to be the sacrament of the 
future. It may turn out to be the sacrament which will 
unite all the followers of our Lord. 

Here again as on the peace quest.on we hold in our 
possession the treasure for which the lead- 
ership of the world is beginning to search: .. e., forms 
ceremonies, ordinances, sacraments r.chly endowed 
with the deepest spiritual truth. Are we holding thee 
treasures before the world, or are we hoarding them 
unto ourselves, or worse, apologizing for keeping 
them' Some day the leaders of Christendom will dis- 
cover that Jesus Christ was right when he prefaced the 
sacrament of unity with the sacrament of service. In 
that hour will they paraphrase Sherwood Eddy s ques- 
tion to us when he said: " And after this struggle m 
regard to peace and war I have come to hold the posi- 
tion which I now find to be held by the Church of the 
Brethren. Church of the Brethren, where have you 
been?" Did we have an adequate answer to that ques- 
tion? Will we have an adequate answer to this next 
one? Beside a voice that can reach the ears of rulers, 
the 'prophet must have the courage, the daring to 
champion truth through the days of its unpopularity^ 
The Quakers showed the daring of prophets in the 
day of their opportunity. The day of our opportunity 
is just ahead as the churches begin their search for 
sacraments that lead to unity. There are signs that to- 
day marks the dawn of a growing appreciation ot 
forms in worship. A missionary for the American 


Vedthat— ^— tr^thSVtask 
t:S ^ ^challenging that when we have 

undertaken it we shall have shown ourselves to be 

prophets rather than priests? 
Litchfield, Nebr. 

Higher Education in the Church of the 


In Five Parts— Part IV 
When it is considered that in 1926 1927 thirty^ 
(32%) per cent of the students and thirty-four (34%) 
„r cnt of the members of the in the 
c leges of the Church of the Brethren were members 
of other churches, the following principles have sigmfi- 

Can ( 6) Denominational colleges must depend «£>« 
„T church constituencies for the great W £*£ 
finances. Study the sources of endowment or the 
many denominational colleges, our own included, and 
Ts fact will be clearly verified. The fund raising or- 
i^lns have found this to be the case » their 
campaigns for funds for seminaries, hosp.tals and col 
le^es that are strictly denominational. . 

(7) The larger the amount of endowment received 
from non-church sources the less denominational be- 
comes the college. This is a natural consequence and 
Las teen the experience of all denominational college, 
tot have sought and accepted large-gifts rom o her 
than denominational sources. A study of the co leges 
that now pose as nonsectarian which were formerly de- 
nominational will reveal th.s truth. _ 

(81 A strong denominational emphasis « dithcutt 
in a student body where nearly half the students are not 
members of the church supporting the •«««•"• * 
this point denominational loyalty breaks down or at 
least weakens. 

(9) Coupled with the above principle is the fact that 
in general denominational loyalty is not as strong a, for- 
merly, which means that fewer students attend college, 
for strictly denominational reasons. This means tur- 
ther that denominationally a church does not need as 
many colleges as formerly, but on the other hand it 
means with greater emphasis than ever that a church 
that wants to have a future must provide m >ts own 
colleges training for those loyal, intelligent and spir- 
itually minded sons and daughters who are likely to 
become the church leaders. To repeat a former em- 
phasis the church must depend upon .ts denomina- 
tional ' colleges and seminary for her teachers, mis- 
sionaries, pastors and all other types of professional 

church leadership. .... „„iw. 

The work, therefore, of the denom.nat.onal college 
is coming more and more to be that of training the 
leadership of the church. This training, too, must be 
on a par with the best and must have a rich and sane 
denominational emphasis and atmosphere. In other 
words, the church college must redefine its objects. 
In the keen competition of the small church college 
with limited resources there is no hope to do work on 
the same level with the highly endowed private col- 
leges and universities and with the state universities in 
the fields of the secular professions,, in- 
dustrial arts and commerce. 

The denominational college must recognize its field 
of service with both its strength and hm.tat.ons and 
then adjust its resources and program to do what it 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1929 


can do and should do in a way that commands the re- 
spect of the public. 

(10) The membership of the Church of the Breth- 
ren is largely rural and there are few members of great 
wealth. A study of highly endowed institutions re- 
veals the fact that a larger percentage of the money 
comes from large gifts. When a church has few who 
can contribute large sums there is only one thing to do, 
and that is to enlarge the area to include more wealth. 
With our improved means of transportation distance is 
no longer a serious barrier to attendance at college, 
hence enlarging college territory need not be a hin- 
drance in reducing the number of colleges in the interest 
of efficiency. Accessibility and location in respect to 
population of church constituency should be con- 
sidered, however, in determining the location of a col- 

(11) Certainly the size of the membership and the 
wealth of the Church of the Brethren do not warrant 
the promotion at this time of any new institutions. 

(12) The average givings per member and per lo- 
cal congregation of the various denominations for all 
purposes must not be overlooked in determining the ex- 
pectancy of donations for colleges. The fund raising 
organizations have found that outside of the metro- 
politan areas the average expectancy per church for en- 
dowment is ten thousand ($10,000) dollars. The 
Church of the Brethren has no metropolitan churches 
enrolling captains of industry and other men and 
women of great wealth. 

(13) Training of pastors and missionaries and 
their adequate distribution and support must be con- 
sidered in attempting a solution for our higher educa- 
tion problem. 

If the local church treasury is drained to the point of 
depriving it of an adequate support for its local pro- 
gram including pastoral service, the fountain head of 
the whole church program is stifled and permanent in- 
jury is bound to result. This dilemma is upon us and 
will continue unless we reorganize our church program 
commensurate with our possibilities and on the basis of 
a reasonable expectancy of support. 

Far be it from me to suggest that the members of the 
church are giving too much. In truth we should give 
more and we can and will if more adequate educational 
and spiritual returns can be demonstrated. 
Champaign, III. 

Some Brethren Pathfinders 


1 6. Downfall of the Kentucky Churches 
A former chapter left the four known churches of 
Kentucky in properly organized condition, and seem- 
ingly good standing. Since they in course of time dis- 
appeared from the map it is but natural that we should 
inquire into their further history and fate. There are 
different stories, and at these we shall take a calm and 
deliberate look. 

We are quite sure of the correctness of our story up 
until the present date, 1830. It is only after this that 
the historic ground on which we trod seems to be a 
little shaky, in whatever way we may view the situa- 
tion. H. R. Holsinger in " History of the Tunkers," 
as noted in' the former chapter, says that after the 
churches in Kentucky were repeatedly visited by An- 
nual Meeting committees, 1,500 members were ex- 
pelled, and that many of those thus expelled left the 
state and settled in other parts, leaving the churches in 
Kentucky weak, but cites no authority for his state- 
ment. M. G. Brumbaugh in his splendid " History of 
the Brethren " makes mention of this expulsion on the 
authority of Abraham H. Cassel. In our collection of 

churches in Logan and Simpson Counties are uncertain. 
The Shelby County members had been expelled, leav- 
ing only four well certified churches as named by Jos- 
eph Rowland. Any way you may figure the member- 
ship falls far short of the 1,500 that Holsinger and 
some others say were disowned. Three hundred should 
be considered a very conservative estimate. 

But so far as our records show none of these 
churches, save the one in Shelby County, were ever 
expelled. What we are here saying disposes of the 
situation regarding the Shelby County church. Now, 
about the other four. What became of them? In 
1815, as stated briefly, there was born in Cape 
Girardeau County, Mo., a man named John Clinging- 
smith. His father, Daniel, was among the first to 
settle in Missouri. This John Clingingsmith married 
the daughter of Eld. James Hendricks, elder of the 
church in Missouri. He thus became associated with 
Eld. George Wolfe, and as his father-in-law and Eld. 
Wolfe had charge of the Kentucky churches during the 
period of their trouble, it was an easy matter, and 
naturally so, for him to be well informed regarding 
the fate of these churches. Eld. John Clingingsmith 
kept a diary in which he makes mention of incidents 
relating to the Far Western Brethren. He disposes of 
the Kentucky situation by saying, " It seems that these 
Kentucky brethren finally all went astray, probably 
followed Hostetler and Hon." While the memory of 
Bro. Clingingsmith does not always serve him perfect- 
ly, still his conclusion regarding the fate of the Ken- 
tucky members seems to us the logical one. 

There was not a strong man among them. Joseph 
Rowland, the most active elder in the group of 
churches, had gone to Illinois, and taken one of their 
trusty elders with him. In 1831, as we shall see later. 
Eld. Wolfe left Southern Illinois. During the decade 
following Eld. James Hendricks, a main standby, died, 
thus leaving all these southern congregations in Ken- 
tucky, Missouri and Illinois without a leader. What 
ought we to expect of a group of small churches with 
no outstanding leader to strengthen them against the 
false teachings of the generation? But listen a mo- 
ment. Just at that time a great religious wave was 
sweeping over Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and some 
other states. A leading spirit, in Kentucky, in this 
awakening was Barton W. Stone, an emotional man of 
eloquence and great power. Another was Alexander 
Campbell of Northwestern Virginia, by far the most 
widely known and the most talked of preacher in the 
Western Continent. He was a fanner, preacher, 
author, editor and debater, a man of marvelous learn- 
ing. In Cincinnati he held two debates, one with the 
infidel, Owen, and the other with Percell, a Catholic, 
that gave him almost world-wide notoriety. He was 
just eight years younger than Eld. Wolfe. 

Mr. Campbell became separated from the Baptists, 
taking with him the backward single immersion as his 

I Am Truth 


:a we are not in possession of what Bro. Cassel may 

— /e written on the subject. There is nothing in the 
early Conference Minutes to justify a statement of 
this sort, and if there is any reliable proof to the effect 
that this large body of members were expelled in Ken- 
tucky we have not been able to run it down. As we 
have already shown, the membership is unreasonable, 
absolutely incorrect. At most there could not have 
been more than seven congregations in the state. The 


I reveal myself to the pure in heart. 

I fly in through the window of open minds. 

I love to reward the humble. 

I enlarge the borders of life, and make it more 

I say much in few words. 

I fight prejudice as a venomous reptile. 

I richly repay those who diligently seek me. 

I shall live forever ; time always proves my .value. 

I am the foundation of all true science and religion. 

I bring freedom and happiness to all my friends. 

I avoid all extremes; look for me between them. 

I visit little children and aged seers ; youth and mid- 
dle age ; I am no respecter of persons. 

I dwell in the mountains and on the plains; in 
crowded cities and class rooms ; on ocean liners and in 
the desert ; I am everywhere. 

My number is legion, but we are all related and to- 
gether point to universal truth and God. 

I am Truth. 

Carleton, Nebr. 

form of baptism, and began preaching a doctrine al- 
most identical with that held by the Brethren until the 
candidate, for membership, entered the water. He held 
to the authenticity of the Bible, the divinity and bodily 
resurrection of Christ, the New Testament as the 
Christian's rule of faith and practice, the literal inter- 
pretation of the word, adult baptism, the necessity of 
faith, repentance and baptism for remission of sins, 
holding that baptism played its part in the process of 
conversion, regeneration and the new birth. This was 
just what the Brethren had been preaching for years, 
only with his great learning, breadth of thought and 
power of expression he could present the different doc- 
trines more clearly and forcefully than the common 
run of our preachers. Everywhere he went, discours- 
ing on these themes, our people heard him gladly. In 
fact, he captivated them. On the form of baptism he 
was a champion in defense of immersion, but said very 
little about trine immersion, only as he would run up 
against it in historical quotations. 

In Kentucky our people had no gifted man to keep 
them well informed regarding the superiority of the 
evidence in support of trine immersion as the apostolic 
form of baptism, and as Mr. Campbell, traveling up 
and down through the Blue Grass state, as he did time 
and again, preaching the early part of the Brethren 
doctrine so clearly, scores of them dismissed the 
thought of the threefold immersion, and some of our 
other church doctrine, and fell in with this movement. 
B. W. Stone in a measure preached the same doctrine, 
only his method was more emotional. It was this type 
of teaching that captivated many of our people and led 
them astray. This is the class of teaching that turned 
the heads and won the hearts of Peter Hon and the 
Hestetlers, causing them to accept single immersion and 
then to fall in with the Campbell movement. Hon 
stood apart from the movement, but he gave up his trine 
immersion and accepted the single form. As proof of 
what we are here saying we cite Landon West in Breth- 
ren Almanac for 1890 and the " Descendants of Jacob 
Hochstetler " by Harvey Hostetler, page 60. All this 
and other considerations lead us to conclude that the 
members of Kentucky, whether few or many, went 
astray for the want of wise and vigorous leadership, 
and that aside from those in Shelby County, were never 

One more consideration, as we shall show in a com- 
ing chapter. Early in the history of the Brotherhood 
the doctrine of final restoration got a firm hold on a 
number of our ministers. It was a type of speculative 
theology that fascinated them. The doctrine spread 
into North Carolina and some of the communities there 
became kind of a hot bed for this and other misleading 
speculations. We find the doctrine passing through 
the Cumberland Gap into Kentucky, seemingly poison- 
ing the minds of half the ministers in the state, and 
even disturbing those in Missouri and southern Illinois. 
And this was at a time when Universalism was sweep- 
ing over the country. As people viewed the doctrine of 
final restoration in those days, it was only a step from 
the theory to that of outright Universalism. This is 
another thing that misled not a few of the Kentucky 
members. When people once get to the point that they 
unqualifiedly accept this doctrine and preach it, there 
is little opportunity of getting them to take much inter- 
est in obeying from the heart the form of doctrine once 
delivered unto the apostolic saints, or to become much 
concerned about preaching the gospel in heathen lands. 
This whole story about a large number of members 
rushing into Kentucky at an unreasonably early date, 
building up many prosperous churches, all to be ex- 
pelled in a wholesale manner, is without historic foun- 
dation. On account of obstacles already named and 
others to be treated in chapter twenty-two, the churches 
in Kentucky became victims of unfortunate circum- 
stances. As early as 1798 a schismatic preacher, with 
a theology loose and misleading in the extreme, a man 
of splendid ability named John Ham, of North Caro- 
lina, was expelled, along with all the members asso- 
ciated with him. A few years later he and his mem- 
bers were said to have settled in the Greene River 
country, Kentucky, and to have established a few 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-February 2, 1929 

dlurch e,In tim ehea i eda„dhiswo^ r: -^ 
The fate of this movement along with the exp 
Hosteller and Hon in Shelby County, and the pao 


^nt astray, a few of the more faithful locatmg else- 

Setting, Fla 

The Atlantic City Conference 


THE Annua, Joint Meeting of the Home Missions 

, mtm to the effect that in this home 
Executive Secretary, tne fornl evs, but 

mission work, there are no star P 
all ar e needed to cover he ^ The ^Presid. ^ ^ 
conference suggested that a small hould 

ran furnish the nafon a Chief Ex cut 

i ■ „,-i Tt- venis evident, tnereiuic, <-> 

at this conference. For some yea 

the ' r , rC Th architect * mselves were there, and The 
^ , J h"« exhibit on church buildings was on 

l°i whi e the absence of beauty and true art militates 
T^st the impression of holiness " How ^ young 
/eople be expected -go straight ^ a f 

:teo to go du»i S »i — , ■, 

E Annual Joint Meetmg ol tne nuu.= »----- " nting a denominational department ot cnur 

CounT.l and the' Council of Women for Home Mrs- = „ * ^^ about the plan of ^hou.of 
. ^-,j :„ a. TTirst Presbyterian church, At 

sions was held in the First Presbyterian church , At 
antic City N. J., Jan. 9 and 10, 1929. Important meet- 
ngs of arion committees and commissions preceded 
S d followed the genera, sessions. While . would b 
impracticable to outline the program in detail, there 
outstanding emphases our people should know. 

A glance at the various reports and tie roster -of 
participating bodies reveals something of the magni- 
^ If the'enterprise represented in the Con erenc. 
Over forty national boards, represent..* nearly thirty 
denominations are officially represented in the organ, 
z.tion, while such bodies as the Federa Counc'l of 
Churches of Christ in America, the Institute of So- 
cial and Religious Research, the American Tract So 
ciety the American Bible Society, the Young Mens 
Christian Association, and the Young Women s Chris- 
tian Association are closely affiliated.,- 
cate that in the home mission fields of North America 
about twenty thousand workers are employed in ap- 
proximately thirty thousand (church s, mis- 
sions, schools, etc.) at an annual cost of nearly fifty 
million dollars. So far-reaching has the work become 
that a National Home Missions Congress ,s to convene 
in Washington in November, 1930, to the chal- 
lenge of the cause to the conscience of the Amer.can 

church. . , 

Perhaps the outstanding emphasis was on comity and 
cooperation. For a number of years there has been a 
committee on this department of endeavor which re- 
ported annually along with the other comm.ttees. But 
two years ago, the subject appeared so important that a 
special Comity Conference was called at Cleveland 
Ohio a year ago, which adopted a five-year program of 
survey and adjustment looking toward the ehmmat.on 
of needless duplication of endeavor and the accom- 
panying waste of talent and resources. Dr. the 
Executive Secretary, in his annual report expressed the 
opinion that the Cleveland Conference would compare 
favorably with the recent ones held at Stockholm, 
Lausanne, and Jerusalem, in strategic importance. Pur- 
suant to the objectives of this program, state councils 
have been organized in Montana, Washington, Idaho, 
California, North Dakota, Utah, Kentucky, Tennessee, 
Alabama, Georgia, Oklahoma, Oregon, and Michigan, 
while actual surveys are well under way in New Hamp- 
shire and Pennsylvania. 

The question concerning the future of the small de- 
nomination persists in the face of this program of 
comity and cooperation. Those which are too small to 
have any considerable mission work among such groups 
as Indian, migrant workers, Spanish speakmg peoples, 
European immigrants and Orientals, can hardly be 
more than " unofficial observers," in such a conference 
of experienced workers in these and other fields. But 
viewing the task as a whole, including the rural field, 
it is encouraging to remember the declaration of the 

worship is on the bias!" Art is now being taught in the 
schools, and churches will have to respect the rising 
aoDreciation of its principles. 
1P Dr William Adams Brown, and others, made a plea 
for more fervor in evangelism and missions. Com- 
menting on the fact that growth in church membership 
hardfy keeping up with growth in ****** £ 
suggested that perhaps the spirit of' adventure tlia 
Sted in the days of the pioneers, has become ^i fated 
in ,he love of comforts and in extravagance. Further 
more it was suggested that broadening the scope of the 
wo k may have taken away the old evangehst.c tovor. 
Said Dr Kohlstedf. "The church must be broad 
enough «o be social: but big enough to be different. 
Lack of vision, moreover, militates against zealous en- 
tovo Pity the person who has caught u P his 
horizon! Finally, to remember that darkness can not 
apprehend light, is to enable us to move orw d op- 
timistically singing, " Lead On, O Eternal! 

There was some discussion concerning the education 
of the mission worker. Theological education must be 
made more practical, having to do with actua problem 
of present fields, it was suggested. Men of practical 
experience, as well as scholarship should be the instruc- 
tors, while the invigorating atmosphere of intellectual 
honesty and vital piety should abound in the institu- 
tions where preachers are trained. Theo ogy must be 
formulated in harmony with the belief that the earth 
is round, and that a new social order ,s in the making. 
Lcivistown, Pa 

Scientific Christianity 

•The value of W deed lies in ..he quality rfthe Juan 

wh „ does it. The'grcaV "need of the world is .or spinal 
nualitv in men, for depth and altitude of soul, for wealth 
oftward life, out of which special deeds shall come like a 
brook from the mountains, with power. -H. t. ■ 

There seems to be much unrest as to what the mes- 
sage is that Christ gave to the world. The cry is fre- 
quently heard that science gives an adequate message, 
on the theory that the world today has outgrown re- 
ligion, has outgrown Christ. The contribution _ of 
science to the religious world is unspeakably great, but 
can in no way take the place of the Christ menage. 
It but takes up a strain that was being lost sight of and 
points more clearly than ever before to religion as an 
instinct in man that does not die out with enlighten- 
ment but is deepened and made more wonderful. 

True science leads straight to God. The Christian 
life and message has been clouded by ritual and cere- 
mony • worship has been crowded into a little space on 
Sunday in the church, around which much r.tual has 
grown into superstition and magic. Science is ex- 
posing these things and showing up religion in its true 
sense- it is showing it up laid bare of all these addi- 

„ and appendages ,it is — g the heart^re- 

a new life blooming in all its beauty, enr dung ■«* ety 
and making it a new communion of t.uth and rgnt 
: h le shams all gone. Science *»££*£ 
abolish worship-, rather, wants to ,« »***g 
until worship is real in spirit and in truth, ref J^ing 
A full of strength. Science can not condone a pious 
fo^ life th" does not vitally reflect the Spirit of 

C We' have in us the possibilities of a steady sym- 
metrical growth which may become a mature life n 
God's truth. These possibilities must be nurtured in 
order that we may grow in wisdom and stature and in 
favor with God and man as our Lord did. A lull 
grown Christian does- not spring up over night as a 
Lshroom, but grows from a tiny seed as does he^oak 
which after years of growth stands strong and firm. 

To commit catechisms and recite Bible passages 
alone is not the adequate way to nurture the abundant 
feL Christ. Bible truth, if really taught mus enter 
the consciousness and give a new v.s.on, a .new goal 
making the life a little better day by day. It is a m is 
take to say that one can sow wild oats in his youth 
Ind in mature years reap a Christlike life. We £JP 
what we sow-this is one of God's scientific truths. 
Religion is not an apartment of life separate and dis- 
tinct from the rest-it is all of life or none of it. 

There is no such thing as religious and secular edu- 
cation. All education worth having is religious edu- 
cation and it should be given with the God v.ewpoin 
"order that it may nurture the possible symmetrica 
growth. AH learning is of God, all truth is from the 
«e source, and should be so recognized in the teach- 
ing No one but a true follower of Christ is able ade- 
quately to teach any subject. Science, philosophy, psy- 
chology, if recognized as truth will lead the learner to 
God ft taught from the viewpoint of all truth being 
God's truth. Can it be that God's world is divided 
that some truth is of God while other is not ? Truth ,n 
Buddhism is as much God's truth as the truth Christ 
revealed and should be so recognized. It does not de- 
tract from Christianity to give credit to science or other 
religions for containing truth. It only makes Chr.s 
shine the brighter when we have a clear conception of 
Christianity in its relation to other revealed truths ; it 
shows clearly where Christ towers above the others 
with a unique message; for it is there we get the real 
significance of Christ's earthly life and his reason for 
coming to earth. 

When Christ came he brought man into contact 
a power he never had before. He showed him how 
to live a life he was never able to live before. Science 
is not trying to get rid of this power and this life 
Science only wants to help get rid of the rubbish that 
obscures the brightness of the Christ life and makes it 
powerless. True science bares her head and stands in 
reverence before the Christ. True science says that 
the world has not done Christ sufficient honors and 
never can as long as formality reigns supreme in the 
religious world. Science says: "Follow Christ and 
live the life he lived or renounce the name of Chris- 
tian " Science will accept no piety or formality that is 
void of spirit and might in any way tend to dim the 
light of Christ in the heart. Christ came for man, not 
for the organized church. Christ came to bring man 
into the spirit of the divinely made laws and principles 
of life. This scientific age wants facts, truth, the gen- 
uine The scientific age wants no prayer, only that 
which is true communion with the Father. It wants no 
worship, only that which feels God in the midst. It 
wants no 'confession of Christ unless there is true dis- 
cipleship, namely: spiritual life, service and love as 
Jesus had. Science can condone no cloak of religion. 
Science would have us take off our cloak, bare our 
hearts and let the world know us as we are. Today the 
Christian must be separate and apart from the world 
only as Christ was separate and apart, by living deeds 
and loving service. Today the Christian must grow 
both in favor with God and man, being in very truth 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2. 1929 

the light of the world and the salt of the earth, perfeet 
a5 his heavenly Father is perfect. 
Liao Chou, Shmsi, China. 

Keynotes or Footnotes? 


At a church conference in Oxford some time ago, a 
n of students from Oxford and Cambridge were 
St " Y" «h and the Church." Mr. Stephen 
N a candidate for the ministry who was studying 
* Trinity College, Cambridge, gave very frank ex- 
pjson to the sentiments that are today stirring he 
CZ of youth: "We are passionately stirred by the 
tous „g of the poor, by the tragedy of armaments, by 
^wrongs of oppressed nationalities. The church 
seems so terribly taken up with the heating and llght- 

in nlhU incident is historic fact, it is also parable. It 
i. a modern version of the parable of mint,, and 
eUmin If Christ were physically present today he 
„Td doubtless have a lot to say about the false 
weights and standards, that so many people are using. 
It said that a silk thread, if stretched across the lens 
„f a telescope, will completely hide a star from view. 
Some men have so long had their noses at the gnnd- 
; t0 ne of the temporal that they have forgotten the 
D °uty of the landscape all about them. They have 
"burning crusaders, stressing the cruca socia 
need of all men to be more careful in dottmg their , s 
, crossing their fs. They have often been tinkering 
around with church machinery or toying with specu- 
,ative abstractions, while neglecting the work of fa- 
iring the orphans, brothering the unbrothered, and 
ministering to the broken in spirit. Perhaps they need 
Z help of a Bureau of Moral Standards and Meas- 

Ur sTchmen forget that Christ himself was tempted in 
all things like as we are, and that he is able to help us 
„ver the same stony, thorny path which he himself 
his trod. The temptations which he faced simply in- 
volved the selection of one of two alternatives which 
lay before him: the narrow, stra,tened mountain 
path of the major issues of life and the broad descend- 
ing sidetrack of minor matters. The temptations to 
turn the stones into bread, to display his power in a 
selfish way, and to fall down and worship the king of 
evil were simply allurements to get him sidetracked 
into these marginal and incidental matters Christ, 
therefore, by virtue of his uncompromising life and his 
conquering ministry is the One who is eternally strik- 
ing the keynotes of life. Satan is the one who is 
men among the footnotes. 

The thinking which some have persisted m is about 
as important as the recent controversy in one denomi- 
nation over the wearing of buttons. If this argument 
were to be carried to its logical conclusion, it is proba- 
ble that eloquent and heated orations would be given 
on such challenging subjects as "The Fulfillment of 
Divine Prophecy as Recorded in the Wearing of Hooks 
and Eyes," or "The Cosmic Consequences of the 
Heresy of Using Buttons instead of Hooks and Eyes. 

An oriental king once gave Alexander the Great six 
hunting dogs. The oriental said: "They are brave 
and swift; do not be afraid to put them to the test. 
One day, when Alexander was seeking some diversion, 
he loosed a stag and unleashed the dogs. But they only 
stood up and yawned, and then lay down again. The 
great emperor was so disgusted that he ordered them 
to be whipped. When the oriental king heard of this. 
he wrote to the conqueror saying: " You whipped my 
famous dogs because they .were not interested in the 
stag; you should have loosed a lion and then you would 
have seen what my dogs would have done." The rea- 
son why many church-righteous people stand up oc- 
casionally, look around, yawn, and then commit them- 
selves to their religious slumbers again is that the only 
game they see in their provincial world is a stag, or 
perhaps only a rabbit, whereas they are not interested 
in anything less than a lion. There are lions aplenty 
in the world about, but we are not out in the wildness 
of the underbrush. We have been afraid to venture 
out beyond the safety regions surrounding our com- 
fortable compounds. 

We have become a crowd of office-seekers and office- 
keepers, instead of a band of determined fighters, en- 
gaged in a hand-to-hand struggle with the imps of 
Satan We have been searching for a comfortable, 
white-collar religion, instead of a motive which com- 
pels men to bury their lives in ministering to the out- 
caste and the under-dog, and " taste cold and darkness 
and oblivion there." We have been searching for a 
religion that is "cool and comfortable" (in the words 
of a certain Britisher), instead of the uncomfortably 
challenging experience of a white hot passion to serve. 
We have been satisfied with a morality that is clammy, 
pale, and sickly, instead of insisting upon that which 
gives the radiant glow of life at its highest and best 
We have often allowed ourselves to become a horde ot 
camp-followers and hangers-on, when the call rang 
forth for prophets, adventurers, and militant crusaders. 
We have been so busy picking gooseberries by the side 
of the road that we ignored the voice o the king as 
he rode by, calling for volunteers. We have been so 
busy swatting flies and setting mousetraps that we have 
forgotten that there are dragons to slay and lions to 
conquer. We have been putting religion to too tame 

US Dr Ewers looks at some concrete things with a 
definite perspective: " Stop praying for a clear Sun- 
day, and pray for church union. Quit praying for a 
dozen dear old saints to come to prayer meeting and 
pray for world peace. For the year try out 
the powers of faith and prayer for the largest enter- 
prises that you can think about; do not lm.,1 : these vast 
elements to petty things. You do not need t Corfu. 
engine to run a child's toy ; you do not need a powerful 
locomotive to pull a baby buggy. We need some such 
engineering sense as the man had who first tapped he 
power of Niagara, or the man who harnessed the 
wasted power of the mountains to electrify the western 
railroads. We need spiritual engineers to catch and 
employ the powers of faith and prayer, now almost 
untouched. For thousands of years electricity was ,n 
the universe, then Franklin sent up his kite Now we 
radio our sermons. Spiritually we are ,n the k,te-age 
we feel sure the power is there, but we have caught 

^erfwfat" then in a world every inch of which 
is instinct with unbelievable powers and resources, liv- 
ing in an age which has dumfounded the most darmg 
imaginations with the additional energies which it has 
disclosed-and we are satisfied to use these great n- 
finUudes of power to energize our childish p aying 
with toys and trifles. With these vast leg.ons at .our 
beck we have undertaken a mighty crusade, for in- 
stance to help the members of the younger generation 
not to confuse the use of the knife and the : fork aUhe 
dinner table, or to help them keep up with the latest 
cuTand styles in clothing. It is as though we were 
living in a gold mine and spent most of our time search- 
h," every crevice and cranny to make a collection 
of" all the worthless rocks and pebbles that we could 
find It is as though we should visit the world s great- 
est art gallery and spend all our time admiring the 
beauties of the stairways and the windows. _ t a 
though an educational institution should spend all its 
funds for dormitories, dining rooms, and heating 
Zts having not one cent for the libraries, labora- 
ories or Cass rooms ; or as though its president should 
use all its endowment for hiring secretaries, lanitors, 
and caretakers. 

We have been prostituting the infinite energies of 


beautiful cloistered walls, when we should have been 
so incensed with burning passion at seeing the ugly 
situations caused by greed and paganism out in the 
cold hard world that we would have hurried from the 
protected shrine to the scene of human need. We have 
often been wearing silk and velvet robes when we 

(Continued on Page 76) 

Interdenominational Council of Men's Work 


The Interdenominational Council of Men's Work, 
representing the departments of Men's Work in twen- 
ty-two denominations>and in which the Church of the 
Brethren is represented through Bro. P. J. SUhly and 
the writer, convened in a two days' session at the Chi- 
cago Temple, Chicago, 111., during last December. Rev. 
T Purcell of Atlanta, Ga., was the presiding officer. 
Thirty-seven leaders in Men's Work from every part 
of the United States were gathered to discuss for 
mutual helpfulness the successes and problems of 
Men's Work in their respective denominations. It is 
our conviction 'that these days of discussion and fel- 
lowship have contributed in a large way to the solution 
of the problems relating to manhood and the church. 
The spirit of cooperation among Christian denomina- 
tions seems to be increasing and this council seeks to 
encourage practical brotherhood among men who claim 
membership in different denominational groups. The 
interest of laymen in this closer relationship between 
churches is indicated in the occasional movement to 
mass Protestant manhood through some independent 
agencies, self-created and self-perpetuated It was the 
judgment of this Interdenominational Council that 
Later results may be secured in the interest o inter- 
denominational understanding and teamwork, through 
the type of cooperation expressed in tins council. We 
consider the exchange of ideas and experiences to be 
most valuable training for leaders in Men s Work 

The significance of the ever growing movement for 
adult religious education was again recognized, and 
the hope expressed by the representative of almost ev- 
ery denomination that the essent,al movement to or- 
ganize manhood in support of the total program of the 
church be associated in the closest possible way wit 
the training program of the church school. The adu t 
men's Bible class, while considered as an essential fac- 
tor in the training program for laymen was again 
deemed inadequate as an agency through which to 
accomplish the service activities of the whole church. 
It is interesting to note that leaders ,n religious educa- 
tion, who are considered experts all over this .country, 
are beginning to stress this same situation. The Gen- 
1 Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church has 
just reorganized its Board of Education in order to 
£ added emphasis to adult work. Its church-wide 
movement for the enlistment of men carries he name 
"Brotherhood." All agencies having to do with Men s 
Work are now combined into one effective organiza- 
tion which is to move as rapidly as poss.ble m the 
direction of an adequate self-support. 

The council took the initial steps to sponsor a great 
laymen's convention to be held in connection the 
Chicago Exposition in 1933. 

tL value of meetings like these lies in the exchange 
of experiences, ideas, plans and programs and the dis- 
cussion of common problems of men s work, that can 
be secured in no other way. It concerns one of the 

J better ^tT^u^eTio make real contributions to the 
heaven and earth for the purpose of P»*«**£; ^n S ion o" Christ's kingdom 
shoe polishes and tooth pastes and sewing machine 
s K . . . .. ...: ., .,„!, tn crush a mos- 

polisnes ami iwL.. p— — — - 

oils We have been "using a tank to crush a mos- 
quito using a naval gun to kill a potato-bug. running 
down a canoe with a battleship." When a family s 
house is burning, with many priceless he.rlc.oms threat- 
ened they do not spend their time arranging the rugs 
o sweeping the floors or dusting the furniture. Men 
who are on a sinking ship do no. indulge m heated con- 
troversies as to just what methods or what materials 
were used in building the ship or how much it cost. 
Nor yet do they argue how deep the sea is at that par- 
ticular point or what kinds of fish are -«,^- 
,ow or what types of seaweeds may be found there 
We have often been burning incense within the 

^eXt^nonnnationa, Council of Men's Work is 

affiliated with the Federal Council of Churches of 

Christ in America. 

Chicago, III. 


P ° WCr ' Former United Stales Prohibition Commissioner, 
Washington, D. C. 

Wesley's Message and Method in Evangelism 


IT is difficult to interpret Wesley without_recalhng ^ 

THE GOSPEL MESSENCER-February 2, 1929 

t0 Whitefield and Charles are points in «*?»£ 
L co m bination. He believed that the J g£ - £ 
power of (Sod unto This perhaps, w 
conviction held to most tenaciously of all. 

The thing in his life, however, that gripped men 
Jt was hi consecration, sincere, to , «mg 

n-ef *,*: rt ^s^S* 

^to^scrrow, he pulled down the censure of 

KffV»=S=S ^5=a£ fc rsass 

^f,df— ^That^^ow- 
ever had little bearing on conduct. They were u 
refined, impure and pleasure bent as a whole. 

The lower classes were coarse, brutal and vulgar 
TlTgr at middle classes were jus, coming .nto power 
Id Landing greater recognition **>£££ 
Thev were distinctly irrelig.ous. though not immoral. 
JZr did the lower classes attend church, and the n„d- 
die classes seldom. . 

Drunkenness was almost universal. Every sixth 
house in London was a "gin shop." Profanity was 
" n L. women and children included, especial y 
arnon- the lower classes. Public executions were 
^gely attended, the crowd making these days a part 
of their recreational pastime. 

The deists had declared religion irrational. 

come, he went to them. « Woe is me if I preach not, 

was his motto, too. 

His denials of self were well known. He gave away 

,11 but his living. When the income went up his 

lldard of giving went up-not his standard of living. . 
He turned from an association with the cultured in 
which he was congenial, to profligates. The un 
chu ched prisoners, sick, poor and ignorant children 
we" his chief concern. It is great for Hadley and 
Trotter to do this; but when a Wesley does ,t, the ap- 
r t^r"il their shoes" and tried to interpret 
Christ in terms of their needs. He was tenderly sym- 
pathetic, knowing them intimately. These things and 

The deists had declared religion irrational, xuc pathetlc , kn ow,ng men, '"""— ^ ^ manner 

spin, of the logician and debater was ,n the a,r and th ^ . earnestness and q u,e nes of ^ 

f . „.,;,o- tn rpnlv to tneir , , r c_„ rri m pn s hearts, as ne wcm. 

spmt ot me 10giLK.11 *..« ^- 

church men, therefore, were quick to reply to hen- 
arguments. They were so anxious to prove tot re- 
ligion is rational that they practically eliminated the 
supernatural therefrom. 

The church for this reason had no message of cer- 
tainty and convincing power to stir her to evangelistic 
and missionary endeavor. Her formalism and lack of 
warmth, and her failure to manifest the fruits of her 
professed faith in conduct gave her no appealing mes- 
sage to the great masses of desperately needy men even 
when feeble attempts were made. Into this England in 
1703 John Wesley was born. . . , ■ 

Some reconstruction of his background in inherit- 
ance and home training is also necessary to an under- 
standing of the man and his work. His father, grand- 
father and great-grandfather were rectors of the Es- 
tablished Church. Primarily, however, he was the son 
of his mother. He inherited her clear and forceful 
intellect, her ability to be practical in judgment and 
her deliberate steadiness in purpose. From her he re- 
ceived training in precision, order, attention to details 
in organization and a respect for customs and tradi- . 


/. The Message of Wesley 
The message of Wesley in evangelistic work may be. 
divided into two parts— his teaching and his life. First 
of all there were the truths he taught. They were 
few, simple and primary. He stressed the invitations 
and promises of the gospel, urging that men " repent 
and believe." A man must be right with God first; 
this made his message individualistic. 

Then he taught there should follow a definite inner 
change by the power of the Spirit. Religion is not 
only to be professed and believed, but also to be ex- 
perienced. This doctrine, a practical application of 
" justification by faith " to the emotional nature, he 
had learned from the Moravians. 

The third and last of the doctrines he emphasized 
was that conduct must follow in keeping with faith. 
Religion must be linked with life. Belief must be 
backed up by good works. Full membership into the 
societies was denied until works supported profession. 
It should be added that Wesley was no orator. His 
power lay in the truth preached and the divine enforce- 
ment rather than in its presentation. 

The second and greater evangelistic message of 
Wesley, by far, lay in his life, what he was. He was 
first of all a gentleman and without fear. This, in 
England of his day, was bound to call forth respect 
and admiration. He had a profound depth of convic- 
tion. He believed a few things with a vengeance.^ No 
wonder men forgave his unwisdom. His conviction 
commanded respect. He combined with this latter trait, 
remarkable toleration for those who sometimes widely 
differed from him. His love and patience led him to 
avoid controversy as much as possible. His attitude 

struck fire to men's hearts, as he went about with a 
onsuming passion, in tireless service, ta ta ,»»-£ 
to human need. Crossing the Channel fifty times, 
traveling 250.000 miles mostly on horseback, it IS no 
wonder audiences, as at Newcastle, would grow from 
a handful to 10,000 in a brief time. 

//. Wcslev's Method 
- The methods Wesley employed may be stated in 
few words. There is no evidence that he knew the 
hour of his visitation " or of England's. That he was 
c^led to a work of such magnitude and that England 
would so respond, he hardly realized even at the last 
He had seen and felt the call of human need With a 
conviction, the mighty gospel and a sincerely earnes 
life he went out to meet that need, and w, hou, :, we 
defined program in the modern sense. We have it 

the other way around in many instances today. In- 
t e ed sometJes we are trying to put across programs 
without having created the convict on at all. We 
have a program complex. Wesley d.dn t 

His personal habits were very methodical. His 
c,o"e adherence to prayer periods explain, > *e £»» 
of his power. Two hours daily-one m the mornmg 

^th^h^tne^^d tnen the next. 

and next. , , 

He, unlike Whitefield, was willing and preferred^ to 
address small crowds at close quarters. He torted 
hi m sage to men personally, following it with kind- 
Wadvce wherever he could. He gladly took oppor- 
unty to speak to individuals. For example: the sad- 
T k = ,nd he is left by his horse. Boys catch the 
,ors S e d lead ta back. Wesley speaks admonishing- 
;° S o them, after they curse. Again he is thrown an 
in the house near by, he discovers the inmates are 
backsliders of his society and pleads for their return 
to the fold. . , 

Finally he maintained a careful follow-up or check 
method on all converts. This gave rise to classes and 

close supervision. 

Into England of the eighteenth century with the 
masses unchurched and poor and vice obsessed and 
with the church formal, rationalistic and pleasure bent, 
came Tohn Wesley bringing— 

F r t, the message of truth that men should re ent 
and believe, experience an inner change when they 
dM and that conduct consistent with the profession 

*££& message of a life motivated by a great 
conviction and expressed in serv.ce m the 
meeting of men's desperate need; 

Thirdly, methods peculiarly adapted to his work do- 
ing the next thing next, speaking to the smaller groups 
witnessing to individuals, making personal appeals and 
checking up on all. 

Hagerstotxm, Mi. 

Whispers of the Hills 

The ,o„owin, bo„„ r e ™. ... r £"i^^S'" 
,h"ugh the Brc.hren FubUshin* Hou.,, E.g.n. Dl.-Ed. 

,„ the midst of his many duties as teacher D*J«*»™ 
Wavland has found time to write a senes of poems vaned 
ta theme and in character. Captivated **•*££ 
Shenandoah Valley he pours forth some_ delight ful verses 
that will please not only residents of the Old Dom.mon 
state but others as well. There is a happy classification of 
the poems under these heads: 
When the Child Wondered. 
When the Youth Listened. 
When the Man Heard. 
When the Idler Dreamed. 
When the Minstrel Sang. 

All told there are seventy-two selections in this cloth 
bound volume of 104 pages. The price ,s i one dollar per 
copy. Lovers of poetry will discover ra "Whisper of the 
Hills" the same sturdy qualities that mark the other vol- 
umes prepared by the author. One selecfon follows: 
" If the heart be strong 
No carping tongue 
Can set the world awry ; 
The sun will keep his wonted place. 
The stars bestow their gentle grace— 
The world will show a smiling face 
If the heart be strong. 

" If the heart be strong 
No dirge is sung 
For dead hopes of the past; 
The step is light though the head be gray, 
Vain caves in sleep fade as dreams away- 
New hope is born vvith each new day 
If the heart be strong. 

"If the heart be strong 
No siren song 
Can lure thee unto death ; 
True as the needle to the pole, 
Unto the fixed stars thy soul 
Shall follow life and find its goal, 
If the heart be strong." 

Baptizing With Water 


John the Bapt IS t in the early part of his ministry 
said to the Pharisees and Sadducees who came to mm 
for baptism: "I indeed baptize you with water unto 

" The^vocates of sprinkling and pouring water upon 
penitents for baptism ground an argument or, _tta 
language as favoring the application of the : water to the 
candidate, rather than dipping the candidate nto fte 
water This is considered a strong argument on the 
sprinkling and pouring side of the controversy. ; 

However, it meets with a tremendous set-back in a 
translation of the New Testament by the American 
Bible Union. The Union is an interdenominational 
missionary organization whose sole object is to en- 
courage a wider circulation of the Holy Smptures 
without note or comment. Its work ,s threefold. (1) 
Translation into the common dialects; (2) publication 
without profit; (3) distribution gratis, expenses to be 
paid 'by gifts from friends of the cause. 

A translation of the New Testament was completed 
bv the Union in 1865 under the following rules: (1) 
The received Greek, critically edited, with known er- 
rors corrected must be followed. (2) The common 
English version must be the basis of revision, and only 
such alteration must be made as the exact meaning of 
the text and the existing state of the language may re- 
quire (3) The exact meaning of the inspired text. 
as that text expressed it to those who understood the 
original Scriptures at the time they were first wntten, 
must be given in corresponding words and phrases, as 
far as they can be found in the English language, with 
the least possible obscurity or indefiniteness. 

The translators were selected from the leading evan- 
gelical denominations of the United States and care was 
exercised to secure the most competent scholars ot 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1929 

71 day No expense was spared to obtain the oldest 
relations of the Bible, copies of the ancient manu- 
scripts, and other facilities to make the region as per- 
fect as possible. . 

The result of their work. In every instance in the 
New testament where the word baptize occurs they 
Translated it JMMW. And in the text cited in Matt. 
,11 they tiave the Baptist to say: " I indeed mmerse 
1 to the water unto repentance." Acts 1 :S the ^same 
language occurs, and to* too it is translated, John 
indeed immersed in water." 

The advocates of sprinkling and pouring struck a 
rock in this translation and all they could do was to 
void it and pass by on the other side. The Bible 
Union also ran against a rock, but it was a rock of 
nreiudice and the translation never became popular, 
it is however a strong argument for the immersiomst 
and it is here given for the benefit of our young min- 
isters to strengthen them in defending the truth and 
the faith of our fathers. 
Hollidaysburg, Pa. 



So many tasks, but years are fleet 

And at the most are few, 

And weary grow the willing hands 

That myriad deeds would do; 

So many crooked paths that wind 

Where groping feet have strayed, 

So many unmarked mounds that rise 

Where buried hopes are laid, 

So much of sacrificial pain 

On unredeeming cross. 

So much of failure, futile toil, 

Uncompensated loss ; 

So vain the desert search for wells 

Whose waters sure abide, 

So many unreaped fields still wait 

As comes the even-tide, 

That 'mid the fragments and the waste 

Of hurried, cluttered years, 

I do not stand like one dismayed 

And stricken mute with fears, 

But from Essential Justice throned, 

Somewhere beyond all ken, 

My baffled soul demands the chance 

To live and strive again. 

— Myrtle Romilu 

The Martyr 


Mary Ellen Winslow walked slowly home from 
the Sisters' Aid Meeting and dropped wearily into her 
favorite easy chair before the fire. 

" Oh, dear!" she thought moodily, " I'm too tired to 
think what is coming next. And the Aid added one 
more task to my already overburdened list. How I can 
ever do it is more than I know. Just able to drag 
around, and then have all the church work besides!" 

Tabby, not understanding in the least what the so- 
liloquy was about, stood up on the hearth rug and 
came over to nib her nose affectionately against her 
mistress' soft skirts. 

" And goodness 1" continued Mary Ellen, thoroughly 
enjoying the blessed opportunity to indulge in self-pity. 
" There's many a person in the Aid that can make as 
good baked beans as I can for the church supper. And 
there's a heap more that can take care of the evan- 
gelist better'n I, too. Why don't they offer, I'd like to 
know? Why, I remember time of District Meeting 
that I was on more committees at the church than any 
other woman, and yet I had ten guests in my home. 
Ugh! I can feel my back ache yet from sleeping on 
that hard couch. Had to give up my bed for others — 
visitors— who had nothing to do all day but sit at the 
church and listen and doze, when they didn't want to 
hear about the church budget or the missionary deficit., 
Then there's that class of women — why should I teach 
them year in and year out? They can get some one 
else who can do it better. I've got too much to do." 

Mary Ellen leaned forward, poked vigorously at the 
fire and then settled herself again in her chair. 

"What's that, Mary Ellen! Too much to do?" de- 
manded Reuben from the doorway. Mrs. Winslow 
turned sharply and a crimson glow dyed her face, bhe 
had not thought anyone within hearing distance. 

"I've been wishin' you'd find that out for years, 
Mary Ellen," continued Reuben. "You do have too 
much to do. What's the matter now? Just home from 

By this time Mary Ellen had recovered herself and 
turned toward her husband. " Nothing is the matter. 
I guess I was just talking to myself, Reuben, but some- 
times I do wish I wouldn't need to feel responsible for 
any church work for awhile." 

» Now you are talkin', Mary Ellen," cried Reuben 
joyfully. " Did you ever think that it's possible to do 
too much church work?" 

"Why Reuben Winslow, how you talk! What do 
you mean, when we can only barely get in the pearly 
gates? How can you say we do too much? Thatsjust 

like a man !" 

" Now, Mary Ellen, don't fly up so. I mean this 
you take so many jobs at church just because folks ask 
you and then work your head off to get 'em all done 
and complain all the time about being overburdened. 1 
don't believe it's right, so I don't. If the Lord loves a 
cheerful giver when you're givin' money, I believe he 
loves a cheerful giver when you're givin' your time 

and talent." 

Mary Ellen rose to her feet and drew her thin little 
body up to her full height. How dared Reuben to talk 
thus to her? Her spirit rose in angry defiance, bhe 
never could endure criticism and this was so unjust. 
She opened her mouth to speak but somehow she was 
unable to do so. She could only stand and stare. 

Reuben, for twenty years a deacon in the first church, 
stood his ground manfully. It was true that everyone 
said he was the meekest man in the church, and had 
never made a two-minute speech in his life in official 
council and here he had started suddenly to preach 
to his capable Christian wife! Everyone said she was 
so efficient. It is hard to tell what would have hap- 
pened ; but it was milking time and Reuben concealed 
his alarm at the ominous silence and went on out leav- 
ing his offended spouse to her own thoughts. 

Mary Ellen sat down like one in a daze. " Reuben ! 
she gasped. " Whatever made him say such things to 

""some one opened the back door and called cheerily: 
" Anyone at home?" Mary Ellen barely had time to 
turn around before Grandma Allen's old cane came 
thumping heavily over the kitchen floor toward the sit- 
ting room. Mary Ellen was panic stricken. What if 
Grandma should know that she and Reuben had quar- 
reled? She must hide her feelings. 

" Yes I'm here, Grandma," she called in an effort to 
be cheery. " Come on in. I'm all tuckered out. Just 
crot home from the Aid. It was organization today! 
° Grandma peered anxiously into Mary Ellens face. 
"You do look tired, sister. "You've got too many 
jobs It's hard on you. You're not strong enough in 
body," said the old lady kindly as she laid aside her 
shawl and accepted the proffered chair. 

"Too many jobs!" cried Mary Ellen. There it 
goes-just what Reuben said and now you're saying it. 
What's wrong with everybody, anyhow? Ain't I giv- 
ing perfect satisfaction? Wasn't I just chosen Aid 
president today?" 

" There there, Mary Ellen ; I didn't mean to offend 
you. I know you're high strung. I've been wanting 
to tell you something for years but didn't have the 
courage. Now, I'm going to do it. It's for your good 
and all in love—you know that, don't you? 

"Yes" replied Mary Ellen meekly. She hoped 
Reuben 'wouldn't come in to hear Grandma's advice. It 
would be so awful to hear him say: " I told you so! 

" Well one time I was just past middle age like you 
are and I had a lot of zeal for the Lord. I had reared 
my little family too and did lots of church work along 
with all the other duties. The more work I did the 
more I wanted to do and I grew sort of sell .-conceited 
and wondered what the church would do if I suddenly 
dropped off. HW W0-UT4 they ever get along without 

me> Suddenly I began to lose joy in my work. I was 
too busy to pray. My physical strength began to fail 
and my spiritual strength went, too. I kept on with my 
work redoubling my efforts only to return home ex- 
hausted and filled with resentment. I began to pity 
myself and took a certain joy in my martydom. How 
long this would have gone on I do not know if the 
evangelist hadn't preached a sermon right at me one 
night during the revival. The Lord sent that message 
jsst for me. I was so struck with it .that I wrote it 
down so I'd remember it. Do you want to hear it. 
How yellow this paper is !" 

Grandma adjusted her spectacles and drew nearer 
the lamp, in the meanwhile stealing a sidelong glance at 
her hostess. 

" Living Water, John 4: How much of the work we 
do is dreary, wearisome, collar work, against the grain. 
Are you not often weary of the monotony and fatigue? 
Do you not go to your work sometimes with a fierce 
feeling of ' need-to-do-it,' yet also with inward rebel- 
lion? I will give you living water and it shall become 
in you a well of water springing into eternal life. If 
we will trust ourselves to Christ, he will be in as a 
springing Fountain of activity. This will fill our 
whole being with joyous energy and make it a delight 
to live and work. We will have new powers-new mo- 
tives Life will be delightsome in its hardest toil, when 
it is toil for the sake of, and by the indwelling strength 
of that great Lord and Master of our work." 

Grandma paused and folded the cherished message. 
Mary Ellen rose humbly and came over to her chair. 
" Grandma, how did you know I was critical and self- 
pitying? I never dreamed you were that way once. 
The well of living water changed you, indeed. Will it 
change me, too? I'll resign all my church work and 
spend more time in Bible study and prayer." ^ 

"Oh no, Mary Ellen," cried Grandma. You 
mustn't give them all up else where would you put al 
the energy the living water provides? No, ,ust make ,t 
a point to help others find a place of work. Your new 
task as Aid president will give you the best chance to 
show the spirit of real leadership. You needn t do all 
the work yourself; you can enlist as many others as 

P °" S Oh' Grandma, it's all in the attitude of mind! I 
see it now-and I'm so happy I want to pray.^ Come 
let's turn the lamp low and kneel here together, begged 
Mary Ellen. , L . . 

The back door opened softly and Reuben stolen. 
Seeing the dim light in the living room, he tiptoed to 
the door and peeped inside. The sight winch greeted 
his eyes made him chuckle contentedly under his 
breath: " I told you so !" 

Nappanee, lnd. 

A Thoughtless Mother 


A eew days ago, while helping Mrs Green cut and 
fit a new dress, I was made to realize the truth of the 
statement: "We follow blindly the dictates of 
Madame Fashion." The body of the dress was slipped 
on and I declared it a perfect fit. as Mrs. Green stood 
before the mirror inspecting it from every angle. In- 
deed it gave promise of being a pretty, simple and mod- 
est drest very becoming to the wearer. Now where 
are the sleeves? Let us see how they fit," I remarked, 
turning over the pieces of material on the table. 

.■Oh I-why-uh, I didn't mean to have any sleeves. 
I thought I would just bind the arm's eye," she replied, 
much bewildered. 

"Mrs Green," I exclaimed, "you do not mean to 
tell me you are not going to put sleeves in that dress . 
Seeing her embarrassment and feeling the need of say- 
ing something helpful, instead of railing crticism, I 
took her by the hand, and in a tone of regret ^ said 
" Mrs Green, do you not know that every year hun- 
dreds of girls and young men fall into deepest s,n and 
lose their virtue, leaving nothing but a blighted char- 
acter to face life, just because those girls are immodest- 
ly dressed? Their graceful, half-clad forms attract the 
attention and arouse the passions of young men, whose 

(Continual on Pago "' 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-February 2, 1929 


Miscellaneous Items 

Calendar for Sunday, February 3 
S „^«Ho..L»..»,'The Holy Scriptur«.-Psa. 19.7 

1.1 f Tim 3:14-17. 
Chn.U.n Worker.- Meeting, Christian Baptism. 
* * * * 
Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Lititz church, Pa. 

One baptism in the Tacoma church, Wash. 

T„. baptisms in the Heidelberg church Pa 

Lhaptisms in. he Eag.e Creek church. Ota 

Four baptisms in the Huntington City church, Ind. 

T F r ".isms in the Calvary church, Kansas Oty, ton . 

Len baptisms in .he Red River church, Okla., Bro. 
Z. Smith and wife, evangelists. 

Six baptisms in the Spring Run church, Pa., Bro. J. 
Rowland of Woodbury, Pa., evangehst. 
•> * ♦ * 
Our Evangelists 


,h. burden whi*<h«.eUo.rer. carry! " >°° 

ot i»r •»= ""«•• ol ,hosc "" * , „; , 

Bro H.t.on, Pastor, to begin Feb. .0 in the First 
C r r^^or, to begin March, in the Hunt- 
t:,:V'^t Huntingdon. Pa., ,o begin Feb. 3 

in the Tyrone church, Pa. 

Bro. W. N. Zobler of Lancaster. Pa., to begin Feb. 1(1 
the Harrisburg church, Pa. 

B„. W. T. Luckett of Hutchinson, Kans, to begn, March 
SI in the Wilev church, Colo. 

' Bro. McKinley Coffm.n, the pastor, to begn, about 
March 3 in the Fruitland church, Idaho. 
$ 4> * * 
Personal Mention 

,- ,., ( rinvis \ Mcx, will have time for 

D rn p F Weaver ol L lolls, «. "i^^., 
on e evangelic engagement .be coming spring or summer. 
Bro J S Zigler, pastor at Portland. Ind., now in attend- 
ance 1. BeU any Bible School, was a recent visitor a, .he 
Publishing House. 

Bro. J... Q. Goughnour is now available for evangelist c 
meetings and is ready to book Correspondents will 
note his new address, 215 Dixon Ave., Dixon, 111. 

Bro. J. U. G. has time for two revival meetings 
in March and April. Churches desiring his help may ad- 
dress him before March 1 at San Bernardino, Calif. 

Bro. E,r. E. Jarboe, pastor of the Burr Oak church of 
Northwestern Kansas, has time for one evangelistic n act- 
ing before Sep.. 1, next. Address him a. Burr Oak. Kans 

Secretary Sh.mberger is now arranging the schedule of 
western summer conferences for 1929. He and Bro. F E 
Mallo.t are conducting a training school for Southeastern 
Kansas at Galesburg near Parsons. 

Bro Ralph G. Rarick of Miliord, Ind., now in an evan- 
gelist meeting at Wichita. Kans., is available for a re- 
vival Feb. 20 to March 10. Any church interested should 
write him at once at 1301 N. St. Francis Ave.. Wichita, 

Dr C C Elli. of Juniata College and Sister Ellis are to 
leave about the middle of this month for a tr,p to the Holy 
Land and other points abroad. So we learn from Bro 
Telford B. Blough's call at the " Messenger rooms last 

Brethren Bon«ck and Emmerl are due to reach New- 
York next Monday, Feb. 4, by the S. S. George Washing- 
ton. Uni.ed States Line, instead of as previously announced. 
Arrangements have been made for forwarding any mail ad- 
dressed to them at New York in care of the other ship. 

Brother and Si.ler Jarboe, well known evangelists, gave 
us a brief and unexpected call Wednesday, Jan. 23. They 
were on their way to their next engagement at Peru. Ind., 
driving through slowly and carefully over the icy high- 
ways. Both are again enjoying reasonably good health. 

Bro J. L. Guthrie of Lafayette, Ohio, wishes us to state 
in behalf of himself and family that they greatly appreciate 
the many beautiful letters of sympathy whirl, have come 
to them from various parts of the Brotherhood in con- 
nection with the death of his daughter Mary who passed 
away Dec. 28 at the Petoskey Hospital. Pc.oskey, Mich. 

Si.ter M.ry L. Cook, now of North Manchester, Ind.. on 
account of "flu" and other complications has been obliged 
to suspend her evangelistic activities for the present. Re- 
newing her "Messenger" subscription she says : " Illness 
has come and it will be necessary to save the pennies here 
and there more closely than formerly but I feel I would 
not be saving to give up the ' Messenger' for I was raised 
on that and next to the Bible it is my source of greatest 

I am rarefully reading 

these historic and heroic events. 1 hope me 
be read by the young and the old.' 

TZ^Tn^Z £«*. The subjects 

^"u^'lreexcep^onallyiin^tantand. e-^- 
ers amongst the ablest the Cure, alTor £ J*« ^ 
^^rtl^^etr^ — 

The superintendent of a ^£^Si££ 

» One of our men had the misfortune to have his hand u 


hurcl bu, we did not know anything about his being 
hi! although he had been here for ■»«*£;££ 
Had we been informed we might have helped turn locate 
"ear the church where he would have had the advantage : 
fellowship of our own people. We perhaps could h 
interested him in church attendance, we could have give 
him some pastoral care. We will be glad to cooperate with 

A Joyous Event 

j ■_ .. >„cir tiiat at first seemed 

H r "," difficult? Tret "he ..Vo. o." .ucce.s thai 
perhaps too aitiieuit . «erc is ,"* j 

we pass on for the inspiration it carries.— to. 

Happy' Well, I should say. Our church has 
just raised the entire amount of the share given 
us The budget for missions was divided among 
the one thousand churches of our Brotherhood. 
Our share seemed a bit heavy last spring, but a 
few of us prayed over the matter and then deter- 
mined by the grace of God to see that our church 
raised every dollar. 

We are just now celebrating the successful 
achievement of that purpose. Surely this is a most 
happy occasion. A few of our members refused 
to help and they do not know how to rejoice. They 
had no part in the service and sacrifice so they 
just can't have fellowship in the rejoicing. My, it 
feels good to think one has done his share! I 
can't imagine how those people do feel who refuse 
to do their full share in carrying the gospel to the 
needy millions of the earth. One almost doubts 
whether such have fellowship with Christ at all. 
Of course, one should not judge another. But let 
me see, I believe Jesus said, " By their fruits ye 
shall know them." Well, yes, he said this too, " In- 
asmuch as ye did it unto these least, ye did it unto 

Do you know, I have come to the conclusion 
that one has not learned to give the Bible way 
until he can count giving a privilege and can re- 
joice after he has given. When folks spurn the 
privilege of sharing their money with the needy in 
order that the needy may hear the salvation story, 
or when they give with a grudging attitude, do 
you know, I believe they break open the wounds 
of the Master and grieve the Holy Spirit. Well, 
anyway, I rejoice in the fact that our congregation 
went over the top. 

Since the year doesn't close until February 28, I 
take this liberty of inviting other churches in the 
Brotherhood to join in this glorious feeling. ^ Just 
try it and see how happy you will be. I don't be- 
lieve any of our people gave up any of the neces- 
sities of life. Some may have denied themselves of 
a few comforts, but I think the number was small. 
I am afraid some of us have entries in our expense 
account for luxuries. If these amounts would have 
been turned for religious purposes we would have 
been able to do more than the share given to us. 
Let me tell you another thing. I am convinced 
that if more of those who give liberally would 
testify more frequently as to the joy it produces in 
their own soul, some of the slackers might be 
tempted to join the workers. It is all right to 
tempt folks to good works, isn't it? I guess Paul 
would say "exhort" instead of "tempt." Well, 
that is what I mean. It is possible to exhort folks 
by actions as well as words. I believe that is the 
better way. So our church exhorts all the other 
churches to finish the year with a shout of victory. 
May the ledger of God read 1,031 churches gave 
the entire amount of the shares given them for the 
general budget of the church! 

vo„ if any of your members or '"ends are coming to the 
city-H L. Hartsough. 3560 Congress St., Chicago, 
One energetic pastor writes us that he wants every mem- 

"" V?"ff££ th^sser^ We S/he 

guessed it. Me means l«c 

must be a good pastor. ' 

^^""r^Xl^ne'ar'your home who you know 
„ "no, go to the services of ^™™^Zo«Z 
„o, please invite them ^T^Zl* S if all 
derstand you are to come. We wonae 
our members everywhere understand that. 

* * •:• * 
Special Notices 

To the Church*, of Southern Ohio; Mail all checks for 

Trotwood, Ohio. , 

The official M.nche.ter College ladies' quartette and maU 

business manager, Harold J. Ranck, 611 College Ave.. 
North Manchester, Ind. 

ligious Education. 22 South State St., Elgin. III. 

A declamation contest for boys and girls, ages 9- 
,5 i being sponsored by the Board of Religious Educa- 
te ■ Silver medals will be swarded for winners in local 
community contests and gold medals for winners of D. - 
■ ict or group contests. It is hoped that every District ,,. 
B " j Brotherhood will promote these contest,. ta£« 
explaining it will he sent to anyone interested. Addre 
Board of Religious Education, 22 South State St., Elgin, 111. 
To the Church., of Ea.tern Pennsylvania: All luting 
clerks of the local churches of the Eastern District of Penn 
!va ,ia are hereby requested to forward all queries passed 
dt, ring the year for presentation at the District Meeting 
of S to mv address. 205 E. College Ave., Elizabeth.ow,, 
Pa., so that these queries may be inserted in the bookie 
of business for study prior to the meeting Please have 
them in my hands not later than March 20.-H. H. Nye, 
District Writing Clerk. 

A not. burning .ervice will be held a. the First church, 
Toledo. Ohio, Woodville and Madeline Sts., Sunday Feb 
10 Two years ago the local church took over from the 
District Mission Board the obligation of five ^ars s andm 
and by Dec. 2, last, succeeded in raising it all. There wdl 
be no drive for funds at this all-day meeting. The Board 
will furnish speakers for morning and afternoon services 
Basket dinner at the noon hour in the basement. Every- 
body invited to share in this day of blessing At 7.30 
P M Pastor Ralph R. Hatton assisted by Bro. Milton 
Thomas of Carey, Ohio, will begin their fourth consecutive 
revival at this place. .j. .;. <- + 

Information About the Conference Budget 

A Southern Ohio pastor wrote asking the following ques- 
tions, and as others may be interested, we give the answers 
to them: 

1 Do all sums credited to our congregation become a 
part of the Conference Budget or does it include only 
what we designate Conference Budget? 

Tb„ i-nnference Budget includes the regular work of all 

receives credit in the Conference Budget. 

2. Does the Board of Religious Education still require 
two Sunday-school offerings per year? 

Yes. the Board asks two offerings, and suggests April / 
and Sept. 15 as the dates. 

3 Is not the Board of Religious Education supported 
from the General Conference Budget? 

Yes. Note the Conference Budget for the year begin- 
ning March 1, 1929: .$330,000.00 

General Mission Board 2 , 5ri00 o 

Board of Religious Education ( ; m m 

General Ministerial Board 450000 

General Education Board '500 00 

American Bible Society 



,e Board of Religious Education does not receive 
4 Are all offerings coming from our congregation, or 
organizations within the congregation, for India workers, 
the Share plan, and Board of Religious Education offerings, 
credited to us in the Conference Budget? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1929 




More Land for Englishmen 

, the tight little island that is mostly England there is 
, woom for more Englishmen on the great estates. Just 
S "' 2 a 25000 aere estate in Wiltshire was sold for sub- 
tecently a , ^^ ^ viUageS| parts of four town- 

Tl sixty large farms, sixty smaller farms, large sections 
S ,?' rivers 2 500 aeres of woods.and the famous Manton 
°' Tho e "ining course." I. is sueh a ehange as this that 
bring" more room fo r Englishmen in t heir home land. 

Air Mail Traffic Increase* 

The vear 1928 was a great year for air mail traffic. 
,p„ h „„d y age carried in 1928 reached a total of 3,540,41 , as 
\Lared with 1,449,364 pounds of mad transported in 1927. 
^effect of the reduction of postage to five cents for the 
I st ounce, made last August, is seen in the fact that sixty- 
five per cent of the 1928 poundage was earned during the 
last five months, the association reports." On the basis of 
these figures 1929 should show further phenomenal gains in 

air mail traffic. _ 

The New Appraisal of War 
What is the new appraisal of war? Just how is the 
bloody business considered by a diplomat internationally 
known? Said Ambassador Myron T. Herrick on returning 
from France a few days ago: "War is now as archaic as 
dueling. In my opinion, the world war crystallized senti- 
ment against all war. It showed conclusively that when na- 
tions fight today they are playing a game in which all play- 
ers lose This sentiment has been growing in the last ten 
years, but needed the Kellogg pact to form a definite ex- 

Not a Good World's Record 

The United States still has the highest maternal mortality 
rate in the world, according to statistics furnished by the 
fhildren's Bureau of the Labor Department. Based on fig- 
ures from forty-one of the forty-eight states the rate was 
sixty-four out of 10,000 in 1927. The rate is higher for 
cities than rural districts, being seventy-four and fifty-five 
respectively in 1927. The extensive and intensive educa- 
tional work done by the Children's Bureau in the rural dis- 
tricts is thought to explain in part the lower maternal mor- 
tality rate in the country. 

On Knowing When to Quit 

We are not entering into the merits of a particular case 
which has been much in the papers of late, but we will say 
the struggle for the leadership of the Salvation Army 
abundantly indicates that there is something of an art in 
knowing when and how to quit. It is bad enough when a 
preacher does not know when he is through with his dis- 
course. But it is far worse when those in positions of re- 
sponsibility fail to understand when they have made their 
contribution. Living a life is somewhat like driving a car. 
It is just as important-some say more important-to know 
how to stop as it is to know how to start. 

January Weather Records 

Those who smile when the Californian apologizes for un- 
usual weather, may well have been smiled at by others as 
they discussed the freakish weather characteristic of the 
first month of 1929. For seemingly the world over, Jan- 
uary has been a month of broken weather records. Not 
only has the Middle West been treated to chilling storms 
made in Alaska, but from Europe has come word of storms 
and cold of the sort that play havoc with the works of man. 
For example, this from Sweden : " An extraordinary sight 
was witnessed at the ancient little city of Vastervik, which 
completely vanished in the night under the heavy snow. 
The inhabitants were buried many hours before the snow 
could be cleared from the doors. The whole city was par- 
alyzed, the snow being piled three stories high. A train was 
snowbound several miles from the city." This sounds even 
bigger than things Californians sometimes tell. 

The Mother as Daughter 

Have you seen the mother who takes special pride in 
looking as young, if not younger, than her daughter? If 
you have seen an extreme case, with the attempted decep- 
tion somewhat overdone, you may be interested in reading 
one well known woman's comments on a case where the 
mother was determined to dress and look as young as her 
daughter. " The rather silly matron had gone on a diet and 
lost twelve pounds. She got into the dress, all right. But 
it wasn't her dress and it didn't look it, either. And the 
school boy haircut was awful on her. She represents, in 
an exaggerated way, a hybrid growth peculiar to our day. 
She is sister to a number of women wno, in the pursuit of 
the quite legitimate business of looking young, feel they 
must not stop this side of infancy. . . . There's another 
kind of beauty awaiting the sound body and the well 
groomed look of mature years. And to her [a mother] it is 
infinitely more becoming than any imitaton of the fresh 
young skinned miss with her sapling lines of body," 

Filipino Women and Movies 

From Manila, P. I., there came recently a rather lengthy 
statement of Filipino reaction to the sort of movies that 
find a showing in those far-off islands. A part of It read as 
follows ■ " The women's club members arc clamoring for a 
more strict censorship of American films entering these is- 
lands. They threaten to stop giving movie money to their 
sons and daughters. It is alleged by Filipino mothers tha 
the bulk of films reaching the islands are oversexed and that 
their effect on young people whose ancesters for gener- 
tions back had been essentially oriental in their ^way of 
making love never can be anything but destructive. 

What It Costs to Run Harvard 

It costs a sizable sum to run a university like Harvard 
for a year. Anyone knows that, but just what is the cost? 
According to the treasurer's report the exact cost for the 
year ending June 30, 1928, was $10,589,940.44. "The princi- 
pal source of income was funds and gifts, which provided 
more than $4,900,000. Tuition fees yielded $2,400,033X19 dor- 
mitory rentals $715,620.15; dining halls and Harvard Union 
$769,261.47; athletics $998,959.58, and other income $798,174.- 
86 The operating expenses showed an increase of more 
than $1,000,000 over the preceding twelve months. Har- 
vard's endowment, exclusive of the land and buddings used 
exclusively for educational purposes, amounted to $86,702,- 
875.76 when the report was given. 

Too Much Reform 
The new wine of western civilization was not quite able to 
burst the old bottles that represent traditions in the land of 
Afghanistan. At least the immediate result has been a 
rapid change of kings and a deal of bloody confusion that 
has left even the tireless newspaper reader a bit confused 
as ,0 jus. what Afghan has the throne. The telephone 
radio, airplane and other new ideas introduced by King 
Amanullah have certainly scrambled Afghan affairs The 
whole situation serves to demonstrate anew that there is 
such a thing as too much reform A civilization can be 
made over in a generation or two without serious •"*«"'»• 
as in Japan. But an ancient order can hardly be over- 
thrown in a few months as King Amanullah proposed to 
do Even if the unseated king should regain his throne, it 
should be clear to him that changes are typically a process, 
and not an overnight transformation. 



i for tho WwUy Devotional Mcetlnc 
Prayerful, Private Meditation. 

God's Word 

One Way to Get a Church 

Of course there is more than one way to get a church 
bu, the one way the writer of this paragraph has in mind is 
the way of last resort. For there are situations in which 
otners can not be stirred to action. It is then that he who 
has he vision must work as well as talk. In particular we 
have in mind how a little village in Northern Illinois go a 
church K seems that the interest of others was exhausted 
when an old building was finally moved to a plot of ground 
which had been given as a site for a church. It was then 
hat the preacher proved his metal, personally wielding saw 
„d hammer that the building might be V«- »*£ 
services. Such practical measures are perhaps beneath .the 
d gni y of some soft handed ministers, bu. not a. Woodda e, 
I I And when .he remodeled church was dedicated practical- 
v the whole village turned out in honor of the minister who 
was not only a talker but a doer as well. One can imagine 
ometh ng of the feelings of Rev. Martin Gronewald when 
he could finally say: "After I finish painting the exterior 
no one will know that this beautiful little church se, back 
among maple trees is not an entirely new budding, con- 
ducted a, a much greater cos,." There is one ™y ° 
get to build it yourself. The world h std 
a great admiration for the man who can work while he 

Psa. 119: 7; 2 Tim. 3: 15 

For the Week Beginning February 10 

Many read God's word in such a casual or perfunctory 
way that they miss the richer veins of its meaning. But 
when some circumstance or trying experience reveals these 
obscured values they are certain to feel as the Psalmist, 
when he said : " I will give thanks . . . when I learn 
thy righteous judgments" (Psa. 119:7). Finding Gods 
word in terms of one's own experience is a matter for grati- 

The cleansing effect of God's word upon the finder's life 
is truly remarkable. For the joy .hat comes with the find- 
ing is from a heart made upright (Psa. 119:7). Tins fol- 
lows because the word becomes the burden of the fortunate 
man's thoughts. God's word is a treasure winch engages 
the finder's mind day and night (Psa. 1:2). To truly find 
God's word is to bring a cleansing, inspiring force into ones 

Early knowledge of God's word does make a difference. 
Timothy knew the sacred writings from his earliest-youth 
('Tim 3 15). From the very first as he faced trying situa- 
tions he had as his support his knowledge of the ripest 
spiritual experience of his time. The Master was sustained 
in the hour of temptation by a command of scriptural 
truth which he had gained when a Youth. No doubt Timo- 
thy's experience was the same. Those scriptures winch 
are laid up in .he hear, in .he days of one's youth become 
his spiritual armor in mature life. Compare Eph. 6:10-20. 

Thousands of the books written this year will not out- 
last in public interest the year of their publication. This 
is not true of the word of God. The age old vitality of the 
word is due to the fact that it is able to make men wise- 
" wise unto salvation." 

Jesus Christ is the Heart of God's word. For, as John 
explains, the Word became flesh (John 1:14). And the 
wisdom unto salvation is the wisdom which points to Christ 
as the Way. Salvation conies " through faith which is in 

Christ Jesus." 


1. Tell of some experience which helped you to find 

God's word, „„->- 

2. What more can the word do than cleanse a man s 

'''J.' When did you first learn the value of the Scriptures 
in meeting a trying ordeal? H. A. B. 

Sob Propaganda by the Wets 

There was a mother of ten children over in Michigan, who 
was sentenced under the laws of that state on .he basis of 

3ffi Message 

rection in 1925, six months in the county jail in 1927 and 
Fox of Lansing, Mich., reporting on the case for inc 

ior ini iei- «..i,er of five ch ldren, one Tony 

SJi.^£d - £ ^ ° ff - s " und v,r ich ffiv: 

new criminal code. It does sound sad that a «»*«..£. 
children should be sentenced for „fe-and ye what doe 
five offenses indicate with respect to a father? On the 
idence at hand i, shows that Paoich .htnk. mor d -ta 
drink than he does of his children and tha, likely 

society and his family are the better off with Papich safely 
u ked away for the rest of his days. When the wets begin 
to sob i, is a good thing to ask somChin* t abou, ,he cha. 
acter of the one protrayed as a martyr. Exhibits A and B 
as presented by the wets may easily prove a boomerang to 
the cause of sob propaganda by the wets. 

Modernizing Our Courts 

There are times when the average law-abiding citizen is 
more than impressed by the lumbering, comphca ed pro- 
cedure of our courts. For clearly one thing ,s einden . we 
re: onllb^wyers' d " -m^lty get together with the 
idea of modernizing our courts. Over ,n Cook Cunty 1, 
inois, the Judicial Advisory Council is ^-8 >o forego the 


ort concerning an immediate constructive program tat 
"We contemplate making suggestions of changes o court 
ru , e , insofar as Itfaw £ ^« ^ *^ ^ 

that are to be int oduced b do e he P .^ 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-February 2, 1929 

A Thoughtless Mother 

(Continue'! From P»8= '» 

Sat he should be sunk in the depth of the sea. 

Mrs Green stood with bowed head hstenmg. When 
I h nnLhed she looked up and said: I guess you 
are right Somehow I never thought of the harm that 
m.Vhtresuit from immodest dressing. I certainly have 
been a fool to follow Madame Fashion so blindly. I 
ha" enough material for sleeves and don't you flunk 
I should let the hem down a little . 

Isn't it true of a host of well meaning women and 
rirls that- "We follow blindly"? No one has told 
Set no one has warned them, and they follow ,n the 
ine of least resistance. Do what you can to help up- 
hold sane dressing and so protect the virtue of woman. 
Plymouth, Wis 

Service Unwillingly Given 


« It's addressed to you ; a boy brought it." 
Aunt Susan sat down in a rocking chair; she waited 
un ffl Evalyn had read her note. Then Evdyn turned 
to her- "Now how can I do what she asks?^ You 
know how busy I am ; every minute of my time is tak- 
en " If there was a trace of self-importance or of selt- 
complacency in Evalyn's attitude neither of the women 
seemed conscious of it. "Always somebody wanting 
nTe to do something for them; I do wish they would 
leave me alone 1" , - 

Aunt Susan read the note. " Oh, it's from Keturah? 
Poor thing, she must be sick." 

•• Evidently, and she wants to see me today. If you 
dare say I ought to go—" 
" But I do say it. I think you ought to go. 
« Well, I have so much to do. Why does she send 

for me?" , , 

"Did she ever disappoint you when the _ house was 

to be cleaned or when any extra washing—" 

"Never' I can see her now coming up the walk 

wearing her old washed-out, faded dress, starched and 

clean." , 

"And how faithfully she worked; no matter what 
took place, you could depend on her. You know you 
ou"ht to go. What were you going to have for lunch- 
eon ' I'll prepare it ; and I'll look after the bedrooms. 

Evalyn made one last complaint. "Why does she 
send for me? She works in several families." But no 
one was listening; Aunt Susan was making the beds, 
upstairs. She was thinking about Evalyn, her own 
sister's daughter. Evalyn hated interruptions, hated 
changes of any kind. Her hesitancy and unwillingness 
to do a favor were largely habit by this time. In all 
her work she displayed efficiency plus. She took a 
look into the refrigerator, got a few pans out of the 
kitchen cabinet, lit the gas in her range, and almost 
immediately a good meal was ready for the table. 

Evalyn questioned and demurred all the way to the 
street car. When she arrived at the hospital she in- 
quired for Keturah. The clerk told her they had a 
case by that name. " She is to be operated on this 
afternoon; so you can not see her; it is against our 
rules." Evalyn felt a strong desire to batter against 
the rule; even the exasperatingly calm demeanor of the 
clerk irritated her. Just then a nurse came into the 
office. Evalyn ignored the clerk ; she asked the nurse 
to take a message to Keturah. The nurse went away^ 
and returned almost instantly. 

" She is looking for you ; come at once." 
Evalyn followed her to the clean white bed where 
Keturah was lying. The gasp of relief, the look of 
real joy which came into her face was something to 
remember through life. It shocked Evalyn out of her 
narrow self-complacency. How dreadful it would be 

their work— as soon as I am aDie .,■„„ 

au ed, too weak to go on. The nurses were standing 
eady to wheel her into the operating «^**g 
whispered a few last instructions ««J£££ 
won't have to depend on her hands alone-f or her 

"men Evalyn arrived at home she sat down to 
iXm She was startled out of I her usual calm 

r biscuit then laid it on her plate. Then turning to 
Au^ Susan she exclaimed, " Oh, I could never have 
forgiven myself if I had disappointed ma poor 
worn I. I can see her now as she so txusttng* con- 
fided her poor little arrangements to me. And wha 
tarts m most is that she never doubted me; she was 
wak ng sure I would come to her. I might not have 
Jon if you had not been here. Perhaps because she 
has no people of her own, it was more important to 
look after her than any one else - - 

Aunt Susan poured coffee and said but little It was 
not her way to bother Evalyn advice The steady 
flame of spiritual light from her own life illumined 
to about her. She had learned that no matter how 
efficient we become as men and women, we are meffi- 
cient if we fail to keep our human relations nght-P" 
ticularly to those nearest and dearest to us. There are 
numberless little lovable details of service expected of 
us ■ let us do them as unto the Lord. It helps wonder- 
fully to feel that God is guiding us into paths where 
we should tread. Evalyn was being guided though she 
went unwillingly. What a pity that we should not be 
more generous with the love we give and to the love 
we receive. 

New Windsor, Md. 

men. which make display » *° '^"po^ t 
teachers with great ^™™ h }*-f""™* about Mark 

campuses emphas^ed.hrou^w 1 -f ^^ 
i ng , In an early fepct , Dr. ft. L K el ley ^^ 

certain collets In which he called t ^ SMm 

^rSfeLt^^^ thJt the, per- 

In this 



Last week I attended the meetings of the Council of 
Church Boards of Education and the Association of Ameri- 
can Colleges which met in Chattanooga from Jan. 7 to U 
,usive. S I, was one of the most suggestive, helpful and 
significant meetings of this kind that have come to my no- 
tice Several general impressions, trends, and points of 
emphasis will perhaps be of general pubhc '"'erest 

After attending the meetings of some of the Boards , o 
Education of other churches I was impressed the fact 
that the multiplication of educational mst.tut.ons beyond 
the power of the church to sustain and develop, was not 
limited to the Church of the Brethren. This movement of 
multiplication was strong fifty or seventy-five years .ago. 
Today educational standards are higher and require large 
sums of money. But due to improved means of travel, 
larger constituencies can be served by one ms.itution 
Mergers and consolidations are taking place in different 
churches, such as the Presbyterian, Episcopalian, Methodist, 
and the Evangelical Churches, thus strengthening weak in- 
stitutions and allowing them to improve the quahty of the.r 

work. . 

The importance of the teacher in a college was very im- 
pressively stressed. The preparation of the college teacher 
the discovery of the great teacher, the methods of the good 
teacher, the retention of the college teacher, the develop- 
ment of the teacher, and the reward of the teacher were 
heard in impressive repetition. The value of the Doctor 
of Philosophy degree was discussed again and again. Per- 
haps the most significant thing said about it was by Presi- 
dent Tullos of Wittenberg College, when he asserted that 
it was not the Ph. D. that was significant, but " the moral 
purpose necessary to go through what it takes to get It." 
The general feeling, I think, was that the training required 
to get a doctorate was of value to a great teacher but such 
a training did not guarantee a great teacher. Steps are 
being taken by the Association of American Colleges to 
persuade graduate schools to include in their courses lead- 
ing to a Ph. D. degree, some training in methods of college 
teaching. Hamilton Holt of Rollins College said he was 
looking for "golden personalities," for teachers in his col- 
lege experiment. The general feeling often expressed 
seemed to be that most college presidents and boards of 
trustees have been more interested in buildings and equip- 

sonar^'were'contributing to the cause of jeKgjon. ^ 

way he brought the «- *££ boards ar „ 
ligious responsibility .Churches a ^ ^ 

judging colleges by their produ cfc ui < ^ co „ eg( , 

liv es of men and women "^ *™ d £ te JSfc» eduction 
Perhaps the most hopeful thing in A ™ ;,;„ anrt 

is the revival of interest ,n « 'g-on m St ate urn 
other large private universme. Many of hes ^^ ^ 
University of Iowa, the TJnivers ty of Men - 
versi.y of Oregon, and other state schools are 
sch oo.s of ^^££Xx££& Prlnceto, 
the University of Chicago, ™' v " a reiving new alien 
a „d Colorado College .he eh Peleejvi^g ^ ^.^ 

lion and emphasis. Dr Charles u.r k , on the 

in the University of Chicago, spoke on Kel g ^ 

Campus" and pointed some rays o hope to ha ^ 

stitutions are "^^^J^SU*'*** re- 
on their campuses; they ar trvmg retalio nshlp ; 

ligion is and to make it taction in ^ ^ 

ing in this respect. #_*««„ among educator 

a „d individual colleges are «**£*%£?. *,* and 
experts to make a survey of every a pec. 

o p'SsX; Disciples, the U^^*^ 
Lutherans. The P«sby.r,ns are n w ^ the ^ ^ 
a survey conducted by rroiessui «**.*- 
UnWersity while the Methodists are con.empk. m a - 

#? T^KentuX - ' " ■' bracken o, Ohio SUt, 
St"^ foremost in this type pf : work. 
Their purpose in making these survey n perivaps^ 
best illustrated by a concrete ease. Dr. noy 
his staff are soon to make such a survey for the ^ Bap, 
coHeges in K-**** ^ isfde^natio, 
the following ^"fons.Does «e « P budgetmF 

make adequate provision for its shoots, 
methods in these ^*£«™U\l^Z»* 
counting system in use. Arc P J rovisio n 

to permit effective and economy « rt :1 W P 
are there for enlarging physical facilities. Are in 
paid such as to enable the institution » '^ ^"""j 
U strong ^,^-^Si of 

sys ,em she has under taken m K „ u ky^ ^ 

f a % m ?h n toThe Ugh. o he above findings there are 
r b III ion? by the experts making the survey 
„ som cases surveys go into the ****?+*£%£ 
gani,a.ion and administration, the «m=ul«m • the ,n , 

Such surveys will probably afford a more adequate way 

bets of hurch boards of education attended these meet ngs 
T heV lere most helpful, especially to the you^co,^ 

McPherson, Kans. 


On this subject I heard a sermon *"**£*%£ 

^ hovJ atom te^orrn, We all know every gov 
ernment has a uniform for its soldiers to wear which they 
rnu" not leave off except under certain conditions. Ju 

Cod has a uniform for his own soldiers to wear a. all 
S^twU^re, Whatisit ? Is it a fancy ng with 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1929 


,., lering ornaments, jewelry or costly array? No, those 
S l 11 are the fashions of the world-Satan's uniform. The 
n ,s ian's or God's uniform is a meek and quiet spirit; it 
Modest beeoming dress that does not generate pride 
15 if esteem When a man shaves off his beard, covers 
°'. l„ e rs with eostly rings, hangs on his person a costly 
A chain and proudly struts up and down the street 
Ting his costly cigar, is he no, pretty well togged out in 
Citan's uniform? . 

When a woman bobs and frizzles her beautiful long hair 
JTcod ^ave her not only for a covering, but for her 
1 „r and glory, besmears her face that God made perfect 
h ;,h powder and paint, scents herself with cosmetics 
r « on her person the glittering trinkets that pride and 
f hlon call for (but God's word forbids), and dresses m 
S2 Immodest, indecent, unbecoming way which exposes 
„e bod" » sbe not completely dressed in Satan's un- 
arm" She certainly is not dressed in Christ's uniform. 
N „ w what can a God of love think when he sees so many 
,,„ profess to be his, in Satan's uniform, giving courage 
^i worst enemy and discouraging his own true fol- 
° «.? What will he say when that time comes when he 
„m judge? And how awful it will be. But it will be man- 
r„d ! s own fault, for God is doing everything he can, con- 
sisl£ „„ y in love, to prevent man's being forever lost^ 
Westficld, Mass. 


Hettie Stauffer, daughter of Anna and Elias Stauffer 
Pifsbu g, Ohio, was born Nov. 24, 1872, and died Dec^S 
'a. the home of her brother, Harvey ^ Stauffer, Mt 
Pleasant, Mich. She took 
some college work at Man- 
chester, entered Bethany Bi- 
ble School the first year it was 
established, and graduated 
from there in 1908. She se- 
cured a position as teacher in 
the Berean Bible School, Los 
Angeles and the following 
year joined a party that 
toured the Holy Land. Dur- 
ing their visit in Palestine the 
party was captured by the 
Bedouins, robbed and threat- 
ened with death. Many thrill- 
ing experiences came to her 
on this trip. 
In 1912 she became the wife of Eld. John Calvin Bright 
and with him served the church in pastoral work until his 
death March 24, 1919. Added to this sorrow came the 
death of her father also. In 1921 Mrs. Bright and her sis- 
ter came to Florida and as the great need of service was 
visualized by Mrs. Bright she took new courage and se- 
cured a position as teacher in an isolated country district. 
Combining her educational and missionary efforts she ac- 
complished much lasting good for the people of that sec- 
tion. By her constant devotion and sterling character, she 
won for the great cause honor and glory. She was always 
a willing worker; she was a capable teacher and organizer, 
a good thinker and often was asked for advice. 

She leaves two sisters, one brother, three step-sons and 
two step-daughters. During her last illness she was at the 
home of her brother, after having secured all aid possible 
at the Battle Creek Sanitarium. Everything was done for 
her comfort but the malignant growth on the lungs was 
unconquerable. Her suffering is over, and although many 
hearts are sad, she is at peace with God. 
Sebring, Fla. Mrs. Lena Marchand. 
1 > ■ 


Eld. Andrew G. Butterbaugh, the son of Daniel and 
Margaret Butterbaugh, was born near Polo, 111., Dec. 
10, 1891, and died at Bulsar, India, Oct. 26, 1928. Bro. 
Butterbaugh had been feeling un- 
well for some time but did not 
think he was sick enough to go to 
bed. However, when there was a 
slight rise in his temperature he 
thought that it would be best to 
I . spend a day or so in bed. He men- 
tioned having an enlarged gland in 
the right groin, and some pain be- 
cause of it, but this seemed to be- 
come less. After being in bed a 
day his temperature rose one de- 
^m^- gree, and the next day another de- 

gree. We, of course, thought of malaria, and Bro. Butter- 
baugh said that he had had malaria that acted in that way. 
But his fever continued to rise a degree each day and 
would not yield to quinine. 

Then we began to suspect other things. There seemed 
to be some signs of typhoid, but we could not think of 
any source from which he would have gotten such an in- 
fection. Sunday, Oct. 22, there were slight signs of delirium 
and we sent a telegram for Dr. Cottrell, and at the same 
time started a rig to the station to meet him. Dr. Cottrell 
arrived on Monday night about 9:30 o'clock and at once 

made a thorough examination trying to determine the 
trouble. After making some tests the trouble appeared like 
septic poisoning and a post mortem confirmed this diagno- 
sis. On Wednesday we started to Bulsar as it was thought 
that Bro. Butterbaugh could be better nursed there than 
here. The first afternoon ten miles of the trip was made 
and we staid at the Pimperi government bungalow. He 
seemed to stand the trip fairly well. But the morning of 
the second day he showed signs of weakening. We arrived 
at the station about 11 : 30 o'clock and got in Bulsar about 
8:00 P. M. We did the best we could to make him com- 
fortable in the hospital rooms. 

We knew that Bro. Butterbaugh was a sick man, but 
none of us thought that the end would come so soon. We 
were hoping that under the care of our good doctors he 
would recover. But his weakened body gave way to the 
disease and at 12:30 A. M, Oct. 26, he wen. to be with 

J The funeral was conducted by the writer on «« »f*™»™ 
of the 26th, assisted by Elders I. S. Long and G. K-Satvech. 
Sister Butterbaugh had well chosen 2 Cor. 1 : i^ as tne 
text from which a few remarks should be made No tune 
I tnink, has this text meant more to all of us than it did 
then. There were about thirteen of the missionaries pres- 
ent. Three of the children who were at Landour ,n school 
were unable to be there. 

Bro. Butterbaugh's body was placed in the European 
cemetery in Bulsar near where Sisters Mary Quinter and 
Rosa Kaylor lie buried. . 

Bro. Butterbaugh and family landed in India on Mar A, 
1920, and did a most splendid service in the few shor years 
he was permitted to work. He worked at Dahanu Pal- 
ghar and Ahwa station and always tried to do his best in 
whatever position he was placed. He was humble and of 
a kind disposition, and pleasant to work with. 

Bro. Bu.terbaugh was ordained to the eldership at 
Dahanu in 192S. While he was not an orator ye he 
preached good sermons and the people of Ahw .are al 
ready quoting from his sermons. His consistent Christian 
life will long be remembered by those who knew h.m. 

■ T .. HP. Garner. 

Ahwa, Dangs, India. 

was to have them all serving the Lord and faithful to the 
church he loved. 

His faithful wife preceded him in death six years ago 
and since her sudden death, his health was gradually in 
the decline. ., r 

The funeral services were held by the pastor, Bro. W. U 
Sell, assisted by the writer, in the Grand Rapids church. 
Interment at the Dutton cemetery, Dutton, Mich. 

Grand Rapids, Mich. Mrs. W. C. Sell. 


Eld. Jonas C. Overholt, son of William and El^beth 
Overholt, was born near Akron, Ohio, Aug. 12 . 18S0 ?d 
parsed away in Orlando, Fla., Dec. 15, 1928, a. the age 
seventy-eight years. 

He had gone to Florida 
with the intention of spend- 
ing the winter there, but 
shortly after his arrival, he be- 
came ill with influenza which 
was followed by pneumonia, 
which caused his death. 

He united with the Church 

of the Brethren in Harbor 

Springs, Mich., at the age of 

thirty-one years. Two years 

later he was called to the 

ministry. Sixteen years later 

he was ordained as elder in 

the Thornapple church. He 

gave his time and talent to 

the call of the Lord and 

preached in different churches throughout M^ 

• ( „„^ B nt nf a Sunday-school in Dutton, wiicn., 

was superintendent 01 a J"™'j . , r ,._„j 

t .,„ He preached bis last sermon in the Grand 

SpS church of e ,he C Brethren Oct. .6, 1928, the subject 

^'at" gr^ny of our Annua, Conferences 
and D?stricf Mee.mgs and was vitally interested ,n all the 
activities of the church. 

He leaves behind to mourn his loss: one daught r, Mrs 

Rapids! Also there are four sisters and seven brothers 

''C Overborne of the charter members of the 
Grand Rapids church and was instrumental in the buying of 
fhe cnulh lots. He was greatly beloved by .he youn* »d 
old. Many went to him for on differen c ch 
ki m . He lived such a high, noble, pure Christian lite 
Z t waf an I^mpL for others, and His rich influence 
was greatly felt. Shortly before his trip to Florida, he and 
he present pastor of the Grand Rapids church made the 
annual church visit to many homes among the member- 
ship, the work not being quite completed In each .home he 
visited, his godly life and Christian inBuence left an im- 

Pr He i0 roved his church and all of her problems were a 
burden to his heart, and all of her progress was a ,oy to 
him He will be greatly missed by all, especially the F. B 
C class of which he was a member. He not only will be 
missed by the Grand Rapids church, but by the entire D„- 


Mary Aleta Guthrie, daughter of Joseph L. and Lenna D. 
Guthrie, was born in Wyandot County, Ohio, near the town 
of Sycamore and departed this life in the Petoskey Hos- 
pital, Petoskey, Michigan, 
Dec. 28, 1928, aged 19 years, 5 
months, and 23 days. 

When seven years of age 
Mary accepted Jesus as her 
Savior and became a member 
of the Church of the Breth- 

Most of her school days 
were spent in the schools of 
Jackson Township. She was 
a graduate of the La Fayette 
High School, class of 1926. 

Mary had chosen surgical 

nursing as her life work. She 

was taking her training in the 

Petoskey Hospital, Petoskey, 

Mich., where she was a senior nurse. 

She was making rapid progress in her chosen profession 
Her superiors and patients testified to her efficiency, skill, 
patience, love and cheerfulness. 

While engaged in her line of duty, Mary was stricken 
with influenza and pneumonia and in six short days passed 
away despite the efforts of the entire hospital medical and 

"^simple Christian life made friends of all she met. 
She leaves to mourn her departure her father and mother, 
two sisters, three brothers, many relatives and an un- 
usually large number of friends. 

••For as the heavens are higher than the earth so are 
God's ways higher than man's ways, and God s though, 
than man's thoughts." Just so are the opportunities for 
joy and service in that heavenly home immeasurably 
superior to the opportunities for joy and service upon this 

"['a", rites were conducted Dec. 31, 1928 2 P. M„ a. the 
La Favette Christian Church by the unders.gned assisted 
by Brethren Walter Landes, John De Jean, and N. I. Cool. 
She was laid at rest in the La Fayette cemetery. 
Williamstown, Ohio. J«se J. Anglemeyer. 

"He loved his children and the great anxiety of his heart 


The seasons roll on in rapid succession. It ha, been 
three years since the "Messenger" readers followed u 
diring'a touring season. Thinking such an accoun m ,g 
again be of interest, we shall attempt to give, from time to 
ime, something of our experiences as we tour ^"lage 
these winter months. Because of climatic conditions the 
uring season i, necessarily short. *«"*££ 
March i, is too hot to be safe living in a tent Following 
the hot season comes the monsoon which normally breaks 
early* June. Excessive rain makes it unwise to venture 
tent li « before November. During this time effort is made 
o reach - many people as possible from «Ik bungalow 
but the jungle villages are left practically untouched. So 
t U e ook fofward longingly for the open season when we 
",e ou, in the jungle districts with the t*pt ^ »°' k 
has its difficulties; nay. rather, impossibilities might better 
e pr s it; bu. we rejoice that with our Father whose „ 
are and whom we serve, there is «<>*<"* ™°^< c .fZl 
fail in reaching the goal we have set, the failure is ours 

""•ThTopening of the touring season finds us in a little 

vears We are nicely settled in a large intu. 

fbTof P vacy Tley Ire only five fee, high so give us 
,e ,y If Mutilation these coo. nights. The attic above j 
s one grand collection of dust, chaff, and dirt of the years 
gatherings, and a. times we are fully made aware of h, 

old canvas over our table, since we are not like chicken, 
and have no need of grit to digest our food. 
We find living in the center of the village this way ha, 

(Continued on P«fo 78) 





Keynotes or Footnotes? 

(Continurf From P»g< »> 

should have been clothing the ragged street urchtas ^ 
about us. We have often been b-B "* '« 
pedantic posture before some artificial, man-made 
E or altar when we should have been giving our 
attention to conserving that human hfc *c God has 
made and man has all but murdered «"**"££ 
We have been paying homage to our gold "uafixes 
and sTcred symbol" when we should have been taking 
up our cross and following after him. 

We have conveyances that take us over the earth 
with a speed which to the ancients would have been as 
he speed of light, and yet the movement for world 
peace drags along at a snail's pace. We have instru- 
ments that convey our thoughts across great stretches 
"f reluctant and defiant space with a faster than hght- 
ning-like rapidity, and yet we cannot project our sym- 
pathies across such easy hurdles as the present class 
and racial barriers. 

"We have found no peace, no peace: though our engmes 
are crafty. . 

What avail wings to the flier in the sloes 
While his dead soul like an anchor drags on the Earth 
And ! what avails lightning darting a man's voice, hnkmg 

the cities. . . . 

While in the booth he is the same varnished clod, 

And his soul flies not after?" 

—James Oppcnlieim. 

McPherson, Kans. 

God Willing, 1 Shall 


In writing his epistle, James admonishes us to say 
" if the Lord will " when we plan thus and so. But 
how often does the speaker seem to hold m mind a 
reservation, as if to say : " I will be resigned to the will 
of Providence if I am not allowed to do as I would. 
We can not shake the notion that for., our discipline 
God intends to thwart the plans most dear to us. 

After all, what is the will of the Lord? As we read 
his message it reveals itself to us in this manner: It is 
the will of God that he should be absolute Sovereign 
of the universe; that good should overcome evil; that 
men should be sons of God now and live in brother- 
hood with one another; that peace, love and joy should 
be their portion. Jesus, in speaking to his disciples, 
said : " These things have I spoken unto you that my 
joy might remain in you and your joy might be full." 
Isn't all this program perfectly satisfactory to every 


There is no one living who does not seek happiness, 
even though he may go about finding it in a stupid, 
blundering wav. This desire is the motive back of 
every action. Too often we struggle to gain satisfac- 
tion by amassing material wealth. This never suc- 
ceeds. Jesus came to show us the road to happiness 
and we find it now, on earth. 

Few people realize fully that they are carrying out 
the will of God as they do their daily tasks. We are 
inclined to think we must speak and teach to do his 
bidding. God has need of men in every occupation 
and walk of life. And the simple God-fearing layman 
influences men that can not be touched by the best of 
preachers. Actions testify more forcibly than words. 
In the early Christian church men spread the gospel 
wherever they went, regardless of occupation. It is 
well for Christians to have various kinds of employ- 
ment, for so they come into contact with all classes of 
people. And there is no common task that may not be 
done to the glory of God. All work well done gives 
honor to the Father. Christians should work better 
than others so that folks seeing the finished task will 
say : " How well these Christians do." 

Think, which can serve the Father better, a man of 
genius or a man of ordinary ability? If a man be 
willing to give bountifully of his means will he do 
more with much money or less? Is it not the will of 
the Father for his work to prosper? Then it must 
also be his will for every man to dedicate his life, time, 
service and possessions to his cause ; and it must also be 
the will of him for his faithful followers to attain the 
highest possible mark in their line of endeavor. It is 
foolishness to assume there is virtue in poverty or 

fai.ure. Good may come out of them, £<»£££ 
experiences are used for stepping stones to future « 
cess God has use for the winning man, whose life is 
pVen to him, and the more successful the more va ua 
tie he is. And our talents increase use. Jesus 
told two parables to make this clear. 

Of course, no matter how godly a Christian may be, 
it is inevitabie that hardship will ^ ' nt ° " Q 
That is the common lot of humanity, but it is unjust 
think that these times are the only ones when the will 
o£ God affects us. In fact, it is we ourselves who 
usually bring our trials on our own ^ ™*T 
mu st do is to ask that through will &*?T°> 
tions may be used to discipline our natures and tram us 
for better service. . 

However the will of God acts, it is always to result 
in our ultimate happiness. If only we could pray: 
■'Thy will be done," from the bottom of our hearts . 
What would it mean could the will of God be done on 
earth as it is in heaven? There would be no murder 
rape, arson, burglary; no war in the whole word no 
political graft; no greed and no abuse of employ ees 
People would live unmolested, working in harmony and 
love Kindness, honesty and goodness would reign 
There would be opportunity to carry on every beautiful 
art. There would be no heathen at home or abroad. 
Wouldn't that be wonderful? 

Why do we struggle for more and more dollars, 
merely to pile in heaps until they are too many to be 
used? Why do we seek happiness in silly pleasures 
and trifling baubles? The most beautiful thing that 
could happen to the world would be to have the king- 
dom of heaven an actuality for all humamty, and this 
is the will of our Father. Since we seek happiness, 
this is the goal for which we should all strive. 
Long Beach, Calif. 

Scriptures (spirits) and comparing them with those 
that had been with our folks who have borne the heat 
and burden of the day and have handed down to us 
the genuine goods. In John 7: 17: "If any man will 
do his will he shall know of his doctrme whether it be 
of God or of man." John 16:13a: "Howbe.t when 
he the Spirit of truth is come, he will guide you into 
all truth." Then apparently there is no room for doubt, 
for when a man hungers and thirsts after righteous- 
ness (truth), the Holy Spirit reveals to him the deep 
things of God and makes them a part of his very life. 
Also read 1 Cor. 2:9, 12; John 6:45 and other 

Again, we sometimes hear it said that if we are only 
sincere in what to do, our service is accepted^ Th,s 
sounds logical and good, but it is misleading. Sincen- 
ty is certainly very necessary, but it never excuses ig- 
norance of the right way. 

It is true that changes will come. They have taken 
on a large front in the Brotherhood; yet we do not 
condemn the changes so long as no church principle, 
are sacrificed. But when once we change to keep pace 
with other churches that have sacrificed what our dear 
church always contended for, then we are treading on 
dangerous ground and God will hold us responsible, be 
the principle what it may. 

Do not stand in jeopardy, dear reader, and remain in 
doubt But be sure you are right, then go ahead: live 
it, practice it, preach it, prove it for God's sake, for 
Christ's sake and for your own soul's sake. 
Souderton, Pa. 


Dangerous Ground 


With all the educational facilities that we have- 
schools, colleges, seminaries and publications-much 
preaching through services and radio, fall special serv- 
ices and programs that are being rendered in our day, 
there is a sad cry aloud that " we do not know where 
we stand any more in the church." This fact .s to be 
lamented because God never created anything that was 
not perfect; neither did he give us his precious word in 
a way so hard to understand that we will have to 
grope in doubt. Neither was the inspired word writ- 
ten in such terms that any child who has reached the 
age of maturity can not understand it. Neither did 
God hand down his precious word that we should be- 
come confused, .nor were the Scriptures given to take 
out certain parts and twist them around to suit our 
present day teachings. But it is and always was God's 
plan that we should know where we stand, because in 
his word over and over we are taught the condemna- 
tion of a doubt. 

Not knowing where we stand is indeed a very seri- 
ous condition to be in. And God pity the man or the 
woman who has not sufficient faith in our Creator to 
take him at his word. The writer is not in the least 
disposed to judge matters as they are existing general- 
ly over the Brotherhood, but facts speak louder than 
words and therefore can not be denied. Neither do 
we want to criticize, for criticism is a dangerous prac- 
tice. But we must know the truth for our soul's sake 
and the dangers of our times. 

We have heard it said that A says so, B says some- 
thing else, and C says different ; now whom shall we be- 
lieve? Again they say that the Bible, like a violin, 
plays whatever tune is desired. But if this is your 
conception of the matter, my dear reader, you are 
wrong. God's plan is not misleading, and can be un- 
derstood ; the fault every time lies with the individual 
who is not willing to comply with God's plan and not 
living up to bis baptismal vow. 

Let us look at a few scripture references which tell 
us where we stand. In John 8:32: "Ye shall know 
the truth and the truth shall make you free." Now 
free from what? Why, from doubt. But how shall 
we know what is truth? By searching and trying the 


The annual Bible Institute of Elizabethtown College wa< 
held from Jan. 13 to 20. A most excellent interest was 
again shown in this form of religious instruction and in- 

A number of reasons combined to make it a successful 
meeting First, the weather was most favorable; second, 
this group of interested workers always show a deep desire 
for more training and instruction. At some sessions the 
crowds were so large that many had to be turned away, the 
banner crowds ranging from 1,000 to 1,200; the third and 
greatest reason was a corps of most efficient teachers-son,, 
of the excellent talent in the church. Eld. A. C. Wieaiel 
of Bethanv Bible School offered courses in Bible Doctrnv 
Book Studies and Religious Education; he also preachc.l 
the Sunday sermons. Eld. M. J. Brougher, pastor of tie. 
church at Grcensburg, Pa., offered studies in Evangel.™ 
and Problems of the Ministry; he also preached very in- 
spiring sermons in the evening. Eld. I. M. Blough, mission- 
ary on furlough, now in training at Hartford, Conn., ga^ 
graphic lessons in India missions; his work was suppk 
mented by Mrs. S. N. McCann, now dean of women at 
Elizabethtown College, formerly missionary to India, and 
Miss Elsie Shickel, a great teacher of children s Industrie 
arts in India; Eld. Minor Myers, missionary on extended 
furlough from China, now acting as pastor of the church at 
Bridgewater, Va., presented three days' instruction on China 

During the week as Bro. Blough presented the great need 
of a church building at Vyara, India, at a proposed cost el 
$5,000, one good brother pledged $1,000 toward this noble 
work. At the Sunday missionary meetings $513 was raise, 
in addition to all other offerings for the expenses of the In- 
stitute as an added amount to this building fund. 

Such a series of vital and inspiring sessions are indeed 
experiences of transfiguration to him who would learn an J 
live and grow. Such meetings must indeed lift our local 
churches higher .in the great work, of advancing the in- 
terests of the kingdom. H. H. Nye. 
Elizabethtown, Pa. 


I would like to give to the "Messenger" readers a little 
New Year greeting. I am acquainted with some of then. 
through edifying articles written both by the brethren anrt 
sisters I get the " Messenger " every week and I pray God 
to bless the writers for their good work in the Lord's vine- 

Here in Denmark we have had remarkably nice winter 
weather up to this time. It is as if the very weather would 
preach to us that God is love.- At a distance from here there 
were some hard storms, yet most of these were on the sea. 
When I read of such it reminded mc of the case of louale 
When the great storm had performed the Lord's will he was 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1929 


hie to take care of his servant, Jonah, and all the rest who 

, ve re on the ship. 
Because of old age and poor health I have been a shut-in 

th is winter, but through the grace of God I have tried to 
se the time to the best advantage. I have read my Bible 
nd find it more precious than ever. Both the Old and New 

Testaments are a great comfort in the time of trouble. For 

instance, when we read Isa. 

They replenished the dishes, furnished their quota to the 
hospital and did other work. Now they will finance the 
built-in cupboards and window shades for the new parson- 
age and have a balance in the bank. What would we do 
without the Ladies' Aid? • Reina Jenks. 

Fruitland, Idaho. 


Appanoose. — On account of weather, re 

hul we felt that th, 

and a wave oi influenza 

b not so largely attended. 

meetings were good. Lone Star and Overbrook 

l their pastors cooperated in attendance and gave us 

Dec. IS we met lor our communion with Bro. Root 

sisted by the home ministers. We take a special offer- 

43: 1-3: "But now thus saith 

the Lord that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed 
thec O Israel: Fear not, for I have redeemed thee; I 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

[, a¥ e called thee by thy name, thou art mine. When thou 
passest through the waters, I will be with thee ; and through 
the rivers, they shall not overflow thee : when thou walkest 
through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall 
the flame kindle upon thee. For I am the Lord thy God, 
the Holy One of Israel, thy Savior." This portion is pre- 
cious to have in memory in time of trouble. 

God is love and we have much to be thankful for. From 
my windows I have watched with great pleasure the spar- 
rows when they swarm in the tree tops. Even though there 
mav be many of them, yet not one falls on the ground 
without the Father's will. Jesus said also that the very 
hairs of your head are all numbered, fear not therefore, ye 
are of more value than many sparrows. Will we believe 
this? Will we receive it? "When the Son of man cometh, 
shall he find faith on the earth?" 

The Pentecostal people have been working very hard 
among our little band of believers and are taking a few of 
them to our great sorrow. So you will see we are very 
much in need of your help and prayers. God bless you and 
greetings to all. Karen M. Jorgensen. 

Hjorring, Denmark. 

1 ♦ ■ 


My work this year takes me into many churches, and also 
where there is no church at all. The trip along the east 
coast comes the second Sunday of each month. 

Friday, Jan. 11, I started for Wabasso where Brethren 
C. S. Beers, E. E. Smith and Eby live. I arrived there about 
six o'clock. A protracted meeting was being held in the 
M. E. church and we went. 

Saturday, I continued my way toward the south. At Lake 
Worth I had a short visit with Eld. C. C. Price and wife. 
At Ft. Lauderdale I visited in Bro. C. E. Schuldt's home 
for some time. About five o'clock I arrived at Bro. I. J. 
Spalding's home at Davie. After some preparation, we re- 
tired to arise early to go on to Homestead. 

When we got through Miami Sunday morning on the way 
to Homestead, there were four Fords, carrying all the Spald- 
ing family, most of the Schuldt family, some of the Turner 
family, Sister Alice Kitson, Oscar Malmberg and myself. 
At the place of meeting were the Cripes, Prices, L. D. Buck- 
ingham, wife and son and family, Mr. and Mrs. Smith, Sis- 
ter Rohrer, and Bro. Grant Mahan. 

After a song service, a story for the children and a ser- 
mon, we were dismissed for the social hour and lunch. 
After all was in readiness again, an afternoon service was 
held and after dismissal all were free to go home or visit 
mof- The offering amounted to almost six dollars. 

We decided to have a love feast at the next regular serv- 
ice, Feb. 10, and we are hereby inviting all who can and 
want to be with us to be at Bro. Cripe's, six and one-half 
miles west of Princeton, Saturday evening, Feb. 9, at 6:30. 
We are planning to provide accommodations for all to sleep 
and come back to Bro. Cripe's for breakfast, Sunday morn- 
ing and stay for church services. J. H. Morris, 

Lakeland, Fla. . «. , 

The Aid Society of this church has been quite active 
during the past year. During the hot summer months an 
occasional refreshing evening serves as a good stimulant. 
The ladies have realized this, and each year provide an 
evening of entertainment which has added materially to 
the treasury. This year the evening was planned as a 
flower festival. Flowers, Japanese lanterns, tables and 
chairs transformed a spacious lawn into a beautiful flower 
garden where cool drinks, ice cream, cake and other deli- 
cious refreshments could be secured. The program hour 
afforded an opportunity for talent in instrumental and vocal 
music as well as dramatic reading to be exercised and en- 
joyed by the listeners. Another thing which seemed to 
be in evidence was the benefit derived from the social hour. 
The proceeds netted the treasury $81. 

The Easter and Christmas bazaars are always an espe- 
c 'al event. A large display of needlework in both fancy 
work and practical garments represent hours of work, but 
w e felt repaid when the proceeds (together with receipts 
from food sold) amounted to $183. 

The women have also served three commercial com- 
munity dinners. One was a father 'and son banquet, at 
which the spirit of fellowship was self-evident. Sixty sat 
down at the tables to enjoy the food, sociability and a 
good program. There is no way of knowing the far-reach- 
in g effects of the talks and the comradeship of the hour 
spent together. 

_ The total amount of money received in the treasury dur- 
■ng the year was $415.57. The Aid finished paying for the 

Battle CreeW- 
Bro. Harper M 


in council Dec. 7. 
unanimously reeled 

-3 of commit!' 
lite often vai 
3 conduct thci 
:sented the Ch 


:, Bro. 
: year, 

the opening 
The primary 
nas story by 

Inglewood church met in council Dec. 7. Our present clde: 
Win. Wertcnbakcr, 

Sister M. C. Stutsman was chosen " Messenger ' agent 
spondent. Other officers and men: 
Our Sunday-school superintendent 
exercises by having one of the cla 
department assisted by the juniors 
giving a pageant. The young people and 
interesting pageant directed by the past 
Ingiewood, Calif-, Jan. 4. 

Live Oak.— On Sunday, Dec. 16, Bro. D. J. Wampler of Idaho 

preached both morning and evening. Sunday evening, Dec. 23, a nice 

ram was rendered by the Sunday-school. The deputa- 

i Verne College was with us Saturday evening, Dec. 29; 

..ry helpful and interesting program on Sacrificial Serv- 

ice.- Bessie" Fillmore, Live Oak, Calif., Jan. 5. 

Los Angeles (First).— Our Christmas program 
especially good and well rendered. Shortly before C 
was given for the needy: clothing, furniture, 
vegetables. These were distributed by the pastor, 
for general missions amounted to S35.26. 
Dec. 12, but owing to inclement weathi 

m fined 

i program ' 

the first Sunday of each month for our District church budget. 
Our Aid Society has had the ehurchhousc papered and put on some 
blinds.-Mrs. J. B. Beckner, Michigan Valley, Kans., Jan. 21. 


semiannual communion was held Nov. 25 with 
•ely officiating, assisted by our elder. Samuel 
las pageant under the direction of the B. Y. 
P D was appreciated by a large audience. The younger departments 
of our Sunday-school gave a program on the morning of D*"- 
Sister Sarah Miller, one of our faithful workers, has been cc 
to her home by a light stroke; and our aged Sister Colista Riggs went 
to her reward Jan. 1. Our pastor and family, Bro. Harper M. Snavely. 
recently of Shamokin. Pa., are now located here and entering the work 
with enthusiasm. Jan. 6 Bro. Harley Townsend, secretary of the 
District Ministerial Board, gave us a strong sermon on the subject of 
unity following which he conducted a very impressive installation 
service for our pastor and wife. The following Thursday evening a 
fitting reception was tendered the pastor at the church. Going 
Forward was his sermon subject last Sunday, which typifies his 
manner of service \ weekly prayer service is launched this week 
under his lcadcrship.-Mrs. David P. Schcchlcr. Battle Creek, Mid... 
Jan. 17. 

Lansing— We are now holding services in our newly purchased 
church which is more centrally located lor all of the members. We 
'short council after church in which we straightened out the 
thcr conditions we 
>ut expect to huld 

held , 

The i 


as small. Ev 
Sunday "oF the month Eld. G. F. Chcmberlen brings the : 
us. Dec. 30 Bro. W. E. Trostle favored us and Jan. 6 Bro 
La Veroe. The Aid Society has a very effective way 
funds by way of the mite box system. Opening of the ho: 

that a number had paid many times over the amount ot cues in memuers 
that manner.-Lulu Terford, Los Angeles, Calif.. Jan. 17. the year 

San Bernardlno.-Our church met in council Jan. 3 and installed J«J™«W 
three deacons to office. We plan to have a pre-Easte 
ducted by our pastor. At the morning set 

a shower 

work of paying 
decided not to 
Sunday evenin 

ngs taken 

have been ext 


share in givin 

very third 
essage for 
Long from 
of raising 
es revealed 

Jan. 20. 

Rodney .-No 
church began 
mons, besides 
Rarick talked 

the chi 

On account of we 
lings until later, 

,i as the flu cpidct 

dy to help and our offerings and attendant. 
lood. We now have three ministers win 
—Lee Carr, Lansing, Mich 


g us the weekly message-Let 

v 18 Brother and Sister John Rarick ot the Vestaburg 

a two weeks' meeting, preaching in all seventeen sci ■ 
holding an all-day meeting on Sunday, Nov. 25. Sister 
jn the afternoon on the Home. Dec. 1 we met in 

mating. We elected church and Sunday-school officers [or 

Elder, Bro. Chas. Spencer; superintendent, Bro. W. F. 

Messenger" agent and correspondent, Sister Maud Fred- 

E. Tombaugh, Lansing, Mich., Jan. 21. 




of the Sunday-school gave 
ng before Christmas. In the 
im of songs and readings 
■ gave two inspiring 

Dec. 16 Bro. J. U. G. 
the winter here, filled the pulpit. The 
very good program on Sunday 
rning the young people gave a 
ch was enjoyed by all. Our 
last Sunday, for the new year. 


i Ben 

is especially 
Calif., Jan. 18. 

the young people 


. fifty 

ie flu 

ipossible to practice. 
lurch. Sunday-school 


Wiley church met in council Jan. 16. Bro. Will Li 

s of meetings for us Ea: 
boards were discontinued in their preset 
one board known as the executive board 
Sunday services have been very much 
the flu epidemic. The Ladie 
bandages for use on the missio 

i to begin 

,day. The financial and trustee 

rsent order, being merged into 

f the church. Our regular 

nterfered with because of 

Aid Society met Jan. 17 to prepare 

field— Mae U. Brubaker. Lamar, Colo., 

Winchester.— On Si 
riends gave a Cbri 
liad our council me- 


r the fir; 


jnday evenin 
stmas cantata which 
jting Jan. 13 and rce 
clerk, Jesse E. Walk, 
nday of the second m< 
r love 


church work. We will hold our love feast Ju 
taken at the council for the church was $29.75.- 
Winchester, Idaho, Jan. 15. 


Dixon church held its first harvest homecoming 
were held both morning and afternoon. A nuuih 
present. Utters were read from former pastr- 
glad to have the first pastor, 

me of the members and 
well worth while. We 
d officers for the year: 
We decided to take an 
each quartei 

! 16. The offering 
mda E. Flory. 


Kearney church is at present facing the situation of perhaps t 
per cent decrease in attendance at Sunday-school owing to the fin 
epidemic. The Christmas program given Dc 
There had been so much sickness that it was 
At our regular business meeting Dec. 19 the 

and Christian Worker officers were elected for the yrar. The ehur 
budget for 1929 was passed for $1,200, Walter May was elected Sun- 
day'school superintendent; Mar, Cloud, preside,,, of ,h< : Gins. 
Workers, and Minnie Alhrccht. president of the Junior Band. \Vc 
held our love feast Oct. 28 with good attendance. Our pastor, S. L. 
Thompson, gave an illustrated talk to the chddreu Dc*. 30. The 
Si, S3 Aid "has plenty of work bu, we have had to postpone 
— because of sickness. Wc are looking forward to better 
' all church activities when health con- 
Thompson, Kearney, Nebr., Jan. 16. 
''sou'tnLmp.-Nov. 25 three neighboring Sunday-schools met in con- 
vention with our school at the South Loup ehurchhousc. The Christ- 
mas season was observed with a program of scnptu.c rcad.ngs and 
songs which was very much appreciated by all present. Copying 
a suggestion from Bro. Stover's Diary Leaves, review Sunday was 
observed as a memory day. Thirteen scholars reviewed Wore 
school one lesson each. Everyone agreed that it was an ideal plan 
or securing the best results from review Sunday. In the evening a 
volunteer chorus gave a song story. The Life Story oi Charles Car y 
At a recent council meeting the following officers were elected tor 
£.. «„. Naomi Ward, clerk; Nancy Fread. " Messenger agent 
1 Litchfield. Nebr., Jan. 19. 

lttendance and greate 

i Oct. 7. Services 
of visitors were 

and correspondenl 

Ashland.-The Third Str 


history of the church from 
point was given in the afternoon. In 
Stutsman and wife began a two weeks' r 
spiritual meetings six accepted Christ a 
love feast was held Oct. 28. Dec. 30 Bro. 
evangelist, brought us a message. At out 
church accepted practically the same budget 
Bro. B. C. Whitmore. was elected a ' 

beginning ft! 
the evening Bi 
vival. As a result of tb 
d were baptized. 
J. Q. Goughnour, 
council meeting J; 

last year. Our pasto 
one year. During thi 

>ol is 



.nd church officers made their re 
a paying basis, and the Aid So, 
(00 in the treasury. The trustees 
/estigatc further thi 

ting be 

council Jan. 16. The 
eports. The Sunday- 
has something 
e asked by the 
under consider. - !- 
urcii, and report on the , 
request was made and 
revived and a different leader for 
" Mor 

■ lot tha 
or a nc 

re base. 

,ng the member 

Sialic r- 

j- the Sisters' Aid Society with the cooperation and financial help 
o'f'the Y P D. has furnished new carpet and rubber matting for 
the church. In November and December the Y. P. D. and the young 
married people's class each held a chicken supper, the proceeds being 
turned into the church treasury, amounting to more than $175. The 
outlook for the coming year is very encouraging.— Ada Underwood, 
Dixon. lll.,'Jan. 18. 

Indianapolis.— We began 
greater service for the M. 
in the official capacity: 
clerk; Virgil Stinebaugh 


the New Year 
stcr. The folloi 

/ill i 

for doing 
the church 


Studcbaker. eld. 

board of Christian educt 

Earl Peacher. "Messenger" agent; Mr 

espondent; Mrs. S. A. Hyltr- 

pid. ■ 

F. M. 

The i 

of the 


iuch against 

n purchased 

E. Hay, 

of the 


Hymnal has 
in"'our services. Several members have moved 
,-hich adds much to the interest, and their help 
a .eatly appreciated. A program was arranged 
for our Thursday evening services, th 
" church night." Various groups have 

city of late 

A su 







lattsfactory and has r 
Thursday evening service: 


F. * 

. Bowe 

rs, is 

genial cli 




to be 

of memb 


11 look 

our serv 



L. Studchake 




of th 


for us or 

Sunday r 


than doubled the attendance 
3ur correspondent, with her 
,_esent in Florida enjoying the 
gone until spring. Those knowing 
ill please let us know their names 
up, and try and interest them in 
, Indianapolis, Ind.. Jan. 21. 





gely attended. 

Iro. Dillon in 

hren, two of whon 

ng services and 

number. We hav 



deacons. We also h; 

school, considering the small numoer. 

J. E. Green. Middletown. Ind- Jan. 23. 


fall love (east was held Oct. 20. Bro 

«.. r attention in a splendid way the 

~ man led the 

Sunday gav 

Sunday School Convention which 

Bro. Zirkle preached 

rvening. We now 

elders, and five 

teresting Sunday- 

r classes— Florida 


church to i 

tion for quite a while, as a siti 
advisability of completing the 
granted that our prayer 
each evening be chosen 
man. Ashland, Ohio. Jan. 19. 
Poplar Crove (Ohio).-Dcc. 16 Bro. G. E. Weaver of P-.mona. Cah 
„. .1 Illustrated lecture, which was both entertaining and in- 
8 tionaf Sunday evening Dee. 2J, -he members of our church were happy through the baptism of Joseph Blickcnstaff. 
has been a devoted Christian for many ye; 
about thirty-five persons rendered the cant 
Jan. 13 closed our evangelistic campaign^' 
O. H. Austin. These people 
this time. The weather was tn 
was our attendance up to par. 

... Austin, r 
attend. However, the messages in sermon, st 
snirituat food for both saint and si 
"more souls were built up in Christ than 
were baptized, and one reconsecrated his hi 
with out pastor and his wife, who gave the 
fifty calls were made in an effort to i 
Bessie Huffman. Union City. Ind., Jai.. — 

,,„?li I W- n"t in council Jan. 6. Chore!, offic.r. deckd wore. 

ss^ju.,- n TT: .**4«: £z srsa. £n 

B „" corre.oondcn B,» G.O. C. rn b „„,,„.« h ool .op.rlo- 

™r ^inVr LtnT/pcci,.! .™ R! , pno.nmio.0. dio.o,. 
S.wS Acoll«,i.. w». »k.O .or n,i..ion,-F=,n Dao,„„,:,n. 
Portage, Ohio, Jan. 21. 

)-Dec. 2 the balance of the debt on the church Was 

is thankful. Our regular council was held 

officers were elected: Elder, J. F.; 

All departments of the church showeti a 

merest and attendance over the previous year. 

have an all-day meeting on Sunday. Feb^ 10. when 

■rvicc will be held. 

Following this service 

ta. The Christmas Story. 

charge of Rev. and Mrs. 

iaborcd under extreme hardships during 

of varied changes. At no meeting 

Et was estimated that during these 

: of our mcml 

were not ill feared to : 

[, was scarcely able physically to 

song had 

unting the results, many 

o him. Four 

cc. Together 

home, about 

iterest souls in his kingdom- 

Iowa River.— Our 

erman brought to -~ 

nificance of the symbols and Sister Leoth. 

Coffman of South English 

report of the Wc 

We were glad for the assistance of these visitors 
rendered a Christmas program Dec 23 which was 

held Dec. 30. Bro. Fred Duft was elected 

I. D. Lcath- 
ipiritual sig- 



ng was 



The Sunday-school 

njoyed. Our mem- 

■ '■ Mes- 


"ace which was purchased and installed a year ago. 

senger " agent and Sister Wheel 
was decided to. use the envelope systc 
hope to secure an evangelist for a sene 
severe weather and blockaded roa 
siderably this winter.— Mrs. T 


ch correspondent. 


ings next fall. The 

... hindered our services con- 

U. Reed, Marshalltown, Iowa, Jan. 24. 

Toledo (First). 
raised for which everyone 
Dec. 18 and the fol' 
clerk, Henry Torn 
decided incrcas 
It was decided 
a note burning ser- 
have charge of the morning and 
the District are invited to be with 
evening, Feb. 10, conducted by our 
by Bro. Milton Thomas, song lea, 
mecling these brethren have condu 
decided to make the first Sunday of 
day. at which time a special offer. i 
were authorized, as soon as funds i 
and ceiling of the basement painted; 
Feb. 10. To take care of the incrca: 
school a new class room 
has decided to pay $25 

Continued on Page 80) 

Home Mission Board 

Icr; this 
ctcd i: 

Churches of 
ival will begin Sunday 
Ralph Hatton. assisted 

Ihe fourth consecutive 
: Toledo church. Wc 
h church building fund 

have the 




i attendance of our 

n the basement. Th, 
ard pastoral suppot 


done by 





THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-February 2, 1929 


(Continued From Page 73) 
^a. curiosity «<» know how to .tr^gc ,*» , ~£ 


peat curiosity to know now u oil stoves 

prepares her food, and mjr two urn womM 

draw many people, often the men as we la 

This evening as I sit inside £- >- <h 
6 o„d,y number of the v a g e men £ta£ J-^ ^ 
M outside the tent walls ta -n even g ^ 

of i, would need to *< " £l ^ ° ur P audic nce. The vil- 
recogni« it as such, but it Phases o ^ ^.^ 

lage boasts of a musical man, so he beatmg. 
or 8 „m and the clanging of ^^ ^good accompanimao. J- 
crowd make up what they ^ .sag ^ sing , 

to the singing. Also, as our 1. tie group ^ 

th eir songs of praise to fan,, ar tun *-£ j^ ^ 
able to accompany them. Then, |gai . )s 

q „ie.ed and they listen to our Phonograph. A 
our evangelist explains the ™«» ^^our Lord. The 
and so the opportune comes to ^"^"^ Saheb a „d 
days are spent in house to house ^''^ IB ,,„ of the 
his helpers are able to E«t . out to a goodly . ^ 

surrounding viUages. Bu both ^the Mad ^ 

r-rSiT STltSlt can near our £, 

We were very much pleased^or a si ,ort v,s, from the 
MisS es Shuma k er Z > «-Hu^-«. 

Cht y s-r 5 H:uhison, visit among the *- 

— *■ "" b "" ". r'ThT .ami,; needs are no less 
J 1 " ^^Sn^l'sewheJ, so 'th? mother finds plenty to 
here in camp than elsewnerc, , running 

d °' ^r^i.^"™ tvfprU food and rest, 
smoothly. IK" 1 ™""' .__, w ; t h the ironing), 

^ may ^^"rthrseed sown bring fruit, his 
glory, and we seek your prayers to this end. 
Vada,Thana District, India. Mr, J. I. Kaylor. 

BfBS-*!. *. .* «""„1 M B 1„, «., .. .h. 

Brown. SI.... ■ ?-. V-™°S ""edVyc,"' -h. a.^; 

£S,Vw.. du^o"n„U«,' »»/,''«" •'°"«».^»™ Christian "" 
R.»rcl, lor many years " d „, ^hud™. Bciorc .be died she re ; 

Va - Tin fl 1929 

Beunh.t*, Cbarlc, did •'•"""St ,*£,! H, 
York. P... U«» "> »T " "°" .urvi.ed by hi. » 
„, ft. Lutberan church- Be » • e ,„, 

(AlUand) Brunhouse one M ^ M a 

b "" hCr ' IS u "reennroun, cemc.cry.- 

at his home in 
was a» member 
(c, Sister Mary 
sisters and one 
A Jacobs and Bro. J. J- 
Greece L. Keeney, York, 

a Mirv Tane McCloughan, was 

—Er^-- - s ra« sa'fis 

daughter, Jan. i, •»"■ . rirrle who died in April. •* , 

zeTTe'S? in Mi.™ g"**^ ,„ Mar, c. 
City, Ohio, Sepl. M. 1,2S ' .„ ' ,"„ children. ■ 
On, and <o .hern were born .even ^ ^ ^ 

■ the home of 

Jan. 7, 1929, 

[ this District 


iks Sept. 25, 

E whom preceded 



vcral years 

„„jghtcrs, one 

China, and three sons 

. Anna M. Gn; 


"ill health tor ! 


aTfministers in the church. FuMra ^ "^ _ obio . 
by L. A. Bookw.ller-C. V. LOPP ' B 18 ,„ oied a , the 

Cwford, Bro. Robert, born . J gf^.'Srid Cor. Smitb »nd 

Se,t 5 yelrr,he Z^ SlV^. ^ ». ^A^ - ^ 

SeT™.tB» .on followed- B ',"" ''"h/^. i.ken to .he hospital 
ago; hi. suflerins »u great u • be „„,„ on. He 

b«. Id. condition «» »|h .bat he o", ^ ^ ^ 

ville, Pa. 

adjoining cemetery.— M 

Habecker, Quarry 

Please note that the fifty cent 
marriage notice may be applied .- 
Teng"^' subscription for the newly 
be made when the notice ■■ 

required for the publication of a 

. - .v., nn months' " Gospel Mes- 

,,„J couple. Request should 

sent, and full address given. 

• veteran was killed in ai 
e was an employee of t 
and two small children. N 
Services by the wnter.- 


city oi 



r son, George 
, of diseases, 

Basart-Sharp.— By the 
ford. Calif- Dec. 2, 192 
both of Waterford.— J. 1 

Duvall-PUaon.— By the 

rsigned at tbe bride's home near Water- 
Bro Merl Basart and Sister Lomsa Sharp, 
t Wine, Empire, Calif, 
undersigned at .be borne ol Mr and «» 

^7^X:: feWiarifflfe B- Voder, 
|„ , r u?bS'.T«.? , S...-J. C Inm.n. Canton. Ob... 




»»ee Mr, Eva E.tella, died Jan. 1. 1929 •B," 1 D * A "V'ori daugb- 
„^rA,, M ."'She 1. .urvi.ed by be, bu.bacj *;"•/&«, ol the 
,„ and her lather, Harry C. R *='. Sta « ^ ^ Wak ,„a„._ 

Kt*t,crbiV , , 

Wreatha U. Winters. ■- { apop ] eX y, 

Bnrton, Alice, oi Huntington. Ind did D» J*»^ „,,„ r . hom 

-rS* Howard ^orn » Sr £^2 
» , bor'n' ■" ,hL n nSn" He united with .b^Cb^cb o, : .he _ Brethren 
in 18S2 and wa. called to .be »'»"'' J '» ^'^^toe he lived a. 

F ;™irn:ri S* n ittJfjrsrJtti ss.i 

Sv«r j week, be : .uSered great ^ bu , ,b™.b ..^he J^p ^ 
and trusted in God to the eaa, m w brot b ers an d one sister. 

S^ t ^ U .rrfii"SS , i^ David Mdler and 
,he D. Frederick. Nappanee, Ind. 

,h Bo: n g^ni.Je,« , rrH O.Jobn r d Hannah .£y-.«*-££ 
31, 192S. aged 74 year. H. ™'^ „ d „„ , ilf „. Service, a. 

££.£'.*»,"*«£» Burl., in the Lagrange ce„e.e,y.-Geo. 
S. Sherck, Middlebury, Ind. 

"Coach, Leo L, ; World » 
tvhile working at h.s trade, t 
Lo.Angele.. He leave, b,. w,. 
»a, thirty-three years ol age 
W a,..ler, Lo. Angel,., CnhL homc o( ^ 

She i. survived by "° »"^°"«f a , her home by E. D. Stover 
si „er, and ten grandehrdren.^ ^^ ^^ „„„,„,.- 

assisted by M. A. J ac oos- 

Florence L. Keeney. Ynrk, ra. ™„,„i„ster Md., died Jan. 

^•eSefSVl.T;h^|S.^ne^., e -U 

survived by three brothers and W^" 1 " ' h when ekven year 9 old 
she was small. She united with "' c "" was due , cancer with 
and lived faithful until the end. c ano inted ahout a year 

^ich she suffered l.r ''"''' 'Z'.J^ church ^ by Elder, C. E. 
ago. Euner^ .er,,ces a. h Okan |.n Y ( J ^ ^^^ adjom ,„g 

Holme, and H. M_ R?' h "ck ' Wash . 

the chureb.-Mr.. C. E. Holme,, to , 

tober, SUM Sarah France. « he ;«»«"»„„„ ye „. Sh e 
Va.. Jan. 10. 1929, l«lf»B ■« B, Joh" J and Si.ter Lydia Garb.r. 
„., a daughter ol the late Bro jonn j and four j|st , 

Earl, in lile .he un.ted wth tb « e»"«J- " u , ch b Eld . Jo h„ T. Click, 
'"■ VL, 5-b F Eld M'T Hnffman a 'ln«r„en. in the Garber cemetery.- 
assisted by Eld. M. L. nun, 
Mr,. J. D. Wine, Fores.v.lle. Va. 

Hanebert, E.ther. daughter oi »«' - "J.J 65 ' Joa „, S 
Illinois, died in Phdl.psburg, J™S,i";,i'|. 1880 with her parent, 
mon.h, and .days. S ^ """'..'"^f^rrUd Wm. Hanehe... To 
and later to Pawnee County . ^ ^ 

this unon were born five children, one although she 

united with the Church oi the Brethren .earl, in hle.^ ^ ^^ 


Heber, Blair, wa, bom in .«...«« "l^nsy van.a^un. f^ ™ • 
and departed .hi, life .n Lo. An«el« C. ^ ; dmh „, he 
„[ 27 years, 6 months and 6 days He ■■• »n ■ , lrf (or 

Brethren in Ohio when he »» ^«»/lSre h?, d.'a.b. The luneral 
*"., held", l h m"ra',y' 8 the' writer" Walter W.r.Uer, 
Lo. Angeles, Calif. 6 month,' 

S22.-S& £2 5t"c"«SSS p ". , ntme„, in the oemetery ad- 
ioining.-E. II. Lehman,, Pa. . 

indige.tion. She wa, the w.dow ol ueo J |m almOBt 

,i„en, and l.i.hiul •"£?£*£ Tehurch .ervice.. She i. «■ 
fiity year., and a "="'"," „,,,„. , our ,i„er,, one brother, twenty 
,i„ed by lour son,, »«' "m Service, in the church by 
grandchildren and one great t B ow,er. Burial in Mummerts 

E "\"'b A ou e aC c°eme"'ry neaVS^F.orence L. Keeney, York. 

meetinghouse cemetiry »», William died « the . «. : o. 84 year. 7 mouth. ..^^ days. 
Meebanicburg Church ol the B'"'"^ 8 '™ c „ „,,„ who „ he had 
be,.. He leave, one daughter Mr, CameJ , ^ 

L^?, k Kev^^rS'H--A,n.^,.Xe£.bu,.. ^ 

t.„- r«M.M horn Feb. 19, 1842, died at her home near 
Johnson Epsy Jane (S^). bo- ^ . ^^ ^^ 

Sidney. Ind,, Dec. «, "J* „_, anr j three daughters. Two daugh- 

s£S^^5asas-Js sbbjbs: 

^Mr,: jane, died ., ber home In £ Angele, Calit, Jan. , 

fb h . C i£tf2XStt2ZXl ««efe,y.-C. Walter War.Uer, 
Los Angelei, Calif. 

.^ EU L„ horn in Elkh.r, I»... J«- »«: »,'»• SlS'lS 
3^on,b. and 10 days. Bjtadta-.^ »■*= « rf ^ Dodd 

,wen.y.,even year.. ""»» ^"^"Jhr." adop.ed children, 
Jan. 1. 1886. He leaves hi. . ,jh i and in ^ dch ildren and 

,i,o hall .i.tet. and one hall broth", <£« « B ti> , c hureb a, 

great-grandchildren. He united w,th tl» w Rty H d 

L early age and 1- »»"'"'£* ol Gale.burg. oi which 
hi""., ' 1" '.S' bK h? EfAwtd cemetery.-Mary 
Gale.burg, Kan.. Walter T. Mason, died at her 

Mui, Si.ter Marie T wit. ol Brj^ .^^ ^ aboot „„, 
home in Md., Jan. 9. wo. fflicti „, A | t e, consulting 

yea,.. Sister Mason •«. ''" [ , , ta COIlM not be cured, .be was 
.peeiali.t, and being ^'"^^ S° d would call her She i. 
resinned and wdbng to go wnem-v Krother Funeral services 

'."rvTved by he, husband, on. and 0». brojh.r. ^ q . 

w.r. conducted by Eld S- F ' =»„,„•„„ ch „ r eb ; m Rose 
,he Method,,, church m ^J™'^,^*, Md. 
hill eeme.ery.-G.rnm. L. Kr.d r, g ^^ ^ 

».««. Mabel only child ol Mr. and ^ ^^ ^^ Q ^ 

Mulberry. Ind., Dee. 31, 18». SI « ™ d , hen moved to 

Nov. 27, 1912- They hved n Flora •"''«" al m „, h , , b - 

Laiayeue. being afflicted w .h £*£' ,„. B i 929 , ,ged 42 
died at the home of her parents .'" "."'"'I? Fair Haven Lutheran 
year, and 8 days. Eunc.l service. ,n d by ^ 

S* «l£itffi=?a*^ C. Stinehaugb, W 
"'aill^Bro. John F .., born i. ;> Ho-gh.m^n.y.Ja,Jeb. ^3. 
died a, Ibe home o h,, »n J"*^S" h „| The. Brethren. He wa, th, 
three he wa, baptt.ed into ^Church ol . ^^^ SnsanBij 

son ol Daniel and M, ^°V£'*t adr „. t.Vo .urvive with two grand. 
Aude.i to them were ho™ "» ch J °r.„ o| ^ c , ed 

,on, and hi, w.le. In 1BJ2 he *.««■' k , in th , battle ol 

Army commanded by General^ E J e "« n , back to larming. Hi. fir- 
Bull Run; alter «k« »»«f » to proceeded to Ulinoi. and later .., 
move wa. to Indiana, in WOO n. p ye memb ,... 

Mound City. Mo. He .er.ed ".deacon and CalB .. aboo, 

F b u™:a!',e' 1 rv i iees a". d .hrSurcT"b 8 ; ^'^0. Chcmberleu and Eld, A. t 
LTSerger Interment in Oakd.le cemetery 

^Rathel. born ,„ Darke g-. -fc*-^ 5JTJS 

,be home ol her daughter, Ro .= BroWM- « I „„,,,„„ .» 
22 day.. She was bapti.ed ■ "' " Warren.burg, Mo. To 

fonng' .She married , Eld I.aac M. »., ». '{^^g. ,»?„„,.. .. 
this union were borr. to.""*" , h Semce. at 
BkrSrS SfarS^Vk Su,er. Cutbrie. Mlnn^ 

ma , Si.ter Emm. V died ., Jj. _ bnme Hager..ow.. MJ-.J^ 
1, 1928, .Her ar. Ulne., ol two ooutb., «ed « , communiti „ |. 
united with the '%■*£* '°. =». and, toward, th... 
which she lived will reca I net in. Uted ,h e wa, an acU.t 

who were in need. A, long a. health I»"°"* h „ affliction, and 
worker in the church, which .he loved. 5b. ^ ._ ^.^ by o , ;< 
sorrows in the .pint ol a ». • were conducted at hr. 

daughter and three .ons Funeral « '»'«'„„„, to tta M ,r. , 
home by lb. pa-tor, B™ A. B- » ■ Md 
cemetery— Gamma L. ft.r.oer. ^ . 

M G,oria Lucile, died Jan S »» .. <b= borne ^ he, 
parent,. York P. aged 2 year, 6 monj, ^^^ V ^.^ ^ ^ 

SStfllVaiF ">? D " U1 '" G '"°" ou " , ce °" ery " 

Florence L. Keeney, York, Fa. Ramsey born in 

.ton.,. Aaron Edward, .on oi ^'^J^cfnitTi Cbic.go, 
Montgomery County Oh.o. died in .he C olum bu. P ^ ^ ^.^ ( 

Dec. 24, 1928. aged 66 year, and » ^ay.^n H.okrnan. 

eleven children. In September IMS,, no m da „ghter. 

One son and one daughter preceded him, hi. «,,e ^ > ^^ ^ 

survive with '""^t^Ctok Church ol the Brethren. Funeral 
wa, a member ol the Plunge i "| h Mish ler and Moyue 

SST B«rSrin''r« C ea"by Q ceme.ery , -Mr,. Ada Mi.bler, Sou.h 
Whitley, Ind. ■ F i or ida, aged 81 year,, 

"""ST* ?» day,- He was a delcon lor many 'y.Ir,. He « ,s 
8 month, and 8 day,^ B. rf (B „„ebrake) Rhineb.rt. He .■ 

,he .on ol Samuel and «» grandchildren and ore 

survived by one ,on and -'•*„'*„, Waynesboro by H. .«. 
r,ov°"\S.fh',l«on ,, N.vvo.mS°andJ M Moore. Burial . 
Price, cemeto" -Pearl Cbambcrlin, Waynesboro, Pa. 
P ^, Ch m H::.L Troycr, daughter o, Isaac ^Bu^-rg^J- 

„ her home •• S'-P^"^ ^. rr io= Wotola. Ri..; to .hi, «ni» 
and 28 day. Apr, 14. 18!J ' f '™*. r ;„,,„.,. She joined the Church 
were born f''^^\^ ," it 'h lu l u' death. Her 
ol the Brethren m 1»9Z ano iivcu ^ ^^ daughters, »« 

preceded her eleven years ... • d ;„„. ,erv 

=T %rF£ sS;r~" i ' 4 ' , " u 

Canton, III., Jan. 9. W^- "» children survive 

.he preceded h.m May 2. »a »J C s s „ by Eli 

grandchildren, one brother »n d on. .to. M cGuire, Canton, 1U. 

E F. Caslow, assisted by the writer.— .. 
Stophin. Jame, son ol : S.lah and Stmpkins, bor. ^.r ^ 

Vernon. Obio, June 8, 1847 died 1929, 1 „ ht 

he married Mary Jane ^^rr^TShia resided lor one 

came to Fayette County, HI., where ne nao chi id„n: 

year when he lived in "...oun. The lamd, cons.s 

a ... and a daughter «urv... * 'en *r ande ^ ^^^ 

grandchildren. He wa. th twdM. JjMb ^ him 

«... ...toj and ... ! O'o.bjr'- » , rf Uudon Towo.b.p, 

act ve members oi tbe liasKasKi. ^ church was round,. 

holding the office ol deacon Irorn J-^^^ wtl , and 
until the time ol hi. dea th. «= »a. «'"«> -„„itt.d. Fon.ial 


son, eleven grandchildren, .even gr=. g member ol 

g,.at.gra„dcbdd One daughter p™rfed he ^^ § 

i, h eld P b , B r V Mo B yn" , L?nl^M,s. Ad., Sou.b Whitley, »* 
«*. SUter Susie, nee ^.one.^orn at O.a.k,. K = , ^.ed , K. "'-• ^c't^niteo wUh'the church and continued »J 
At the age ol twelve .ne u. ggc shc mar ri.. 

a lai.hlnl, loyal member un.d be. ^ death. J° ,y b oru t« 

E l d . E J. Smith a. Wich... K»«,. To tta » ^ .^^ 
T' , 8 a,eran a"'* "I ih " ,„ i o'.i',,er. 8 and two brother, Fune,,. 
irvicer", "be writer. Burial in the cemetery a. Clov-.-E. 
Weaver, Clovis, N. Me*. ■ 

j- j ,^ n ft 1029 at his home In York, ' J ■' 
Sto..lo. Bro. Henry died Jan. 8. t»29, a. rf tta ch „ 

aged 58 years. 7 months and » day, »' ^ ^^ &s , 

ol the Brethren lor several year. ^ He .. . daughter, aleo two 

Emma J. Stengle. one .tepson and on. : anop > Lulber.. 

brother, one .l.ter.and two .Mb ro.t. r. |™' s ' G ip. and Re'- 
Sed^Ge^erBS^rYdiSrce^etery.-Florenc. L. Kcene,, 

TVner': MunI™Ind.. 'fgU'V year, 10 month, and 24 day. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1929 


'"'„ alio died ' 'IZJ'II, i and «a. always loyal and devoted 

w ,a»er. in _•»« Andre „ «;„,,,-, M „„cic. Ind. 

"""a ilr Jane, daughter of Samuel .... M"°«f (Dick- 

""•'»SS,: h s^^af,„^r^ari B ^x.^ 

Christian char '"'"' n :,,„„, w iih influenza and pneumonia. She u 
Fisher, following an n daughters, one brother and one 

•«' vi, ', d « b r'vic«Tn the H, 

«" i »"°"" y " e ""'T 929 ."a, thehomeo, 

m^^www**** * '''. .... ... .»» nM H. . M,»nn...n . ui . . .... mm, ,m , m, W 



daughters, one u.«u.«. »»- ■ - 

,rd City church by the writer and burial 
i Ind.-J. Andrew Miller. Muneie, Ind. 

Valentin* John died Jan 

10 months and 11 days 


1 the last 

a an vpars 10 monins aim u u-jo. — - 

I ySft SSiS2ASK Waynesboro. Pa. ; 

.„ s , k Count,. Oho, Jjg S. ^ c . ght years oU ,,„ „ , 

5 months and 23 nays. . W arncr and they spent more than 

died. 1» 1W f';™,"™ i„ Mooroe Township. Seven children we,. 

S ?rx£ £=$? Kie^hrfr Ee,''Ri,^ i ;hu , rcr B .n*, h hi, 

^.TLr^dlet ISJtfaWU Landis.-M... Ada 
M " hte ' *1irS r, « - Pn=nmoni., Bee. .1. .». aged 1 .yea, 

•- S^«^ £■ - - ,wo'b-hS 
,. E . Williams June '. 1OT, ' ™ ™" ,v id „ j„ „„,ehin S on, Kans. In 
three sistcs and he, mother who '«'»« rcma incd a faith- 

'„„ childhood ^'TjofZ church .id I SrUt. Although bedfast 

»" ' ™*':""i „,h"r o the church he ,e,v,d with dignity 
,„d as one oi the regular u>h= . rf ^ ^ ^ „ „,„,. 

„,d devotion. He was happy int « F , scrvic e, were 

Surviving are lathe, "°'J" "f^.t", chu , c h. Burial was in the 
conducted by the writer at Ui= {-"£» „, ,„ d . 

-adtord'ohio, died near W.karusa. 
t ths and 7 days. He married Lyd.a 
Q . 11, 186S. To this union was born 
7 1866, he married Rosa A. Ganger 
inion were born eight children, two 
lives on the old homestead and the 
the last thirteen years. He umted 

For Home Use 

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Frame is walnut finish. 

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No. 4T. 24x36 i 

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No. Z. 3x3 ft *■» 

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No. 5.3x6 ft $-» 

No. 6. 3x7 ft., **> 

No. 7. 4x4 ft., "0 

No. 8. taSft. 3-30 



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Black, slated two 

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No. 2. 3 feet wide, per yard. 


No. 1. 

Wise, Joseph B., born near B 
Dec 30. 1923. aged 87 years. 6 mc 
Miller March IS, 1863, who diedj 

who died April" 11, 1908. To this 
,.[ whom preceded him. One son 
lather had his home with hin 

Black, slated one side 

No. 3. 4 feet wide, per yard g-g 

No. 4. 3 iect wide, per yard * 1 " u 

, 2x3 It., . 

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Cork Tack Bulletin Boards 


"C _ u..i ., ,. ,i- !■ man and wa3 a 

Frederick, Nappanee, Ind. .. d 

Wit..,, Lola Dawson. ho,n in M„sha. town low. Oct *«*«« 
Dec. 22, 1928. aged 23 year. 2 « ^^"w.on and was married to 
??"'," W-,.' Th ,'„ ne 'V°?919 She united witn the Church of the 
Lloyd Witte, June 30, mi- ™ w0 „dcrlul faith in he, Master; 
Brethren in .926 and <>™^°J\°J e ,1 passed away. She had 

ttJZX* £ '™< '<»<' H " by h "fhrtrr th "s,i n . ed h hy 
■!""* S "' Vi r,h he s;n r B:r„"dintX^ b Ora , W;dd 1 ="'.:.*«rn,en, in 
!.: Cu" f«i Hmfio" ^emeSy Redfands.-S. J. Miller. La Verne, 
°t*. John B„ died a. his home in Ohio aged » yea,, . 

month; ind .6 days. When '«»''/ Kbletavto. 
church. He found great comfort in the B.hle, having 
many times. Services in the home by the . 
Ohio-Chas. L. Floty. Piqua. Ohio. 

A combination bulletin and 
blackboard. Made of euperior 
cork Vi inch thick. Frame, 
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tto.lC. 18x2A inches W-2. 

No. Z G 24x36 inches »-™ 

Andrews Wood Felt Erasers. 

each " 

Weber Noiseless and Du»tle.. 



Alpha Dustless Crayon 

A auigle groa. of the Alpha 
Dustlcsa will Uat na long a» abt 
gross of common chalk crayon. 

Made in three grades—" H " hard. 
■•M" medium, "S" soft. P,ice. 
pe, gross, 7Sc, carriage extra. Per 
dozen, ZSc postpaid. 

.vith the 
„„ .t through 
writer. Burial at Versailles. 


H. H. Nye, Eliaabethtown P. ,.; y v W G Miller 1535 Grand A.e, Cedar 

Sdt i s ow. ; Vc"Moo^at: 1 1 Snias-jf jtjra 

Treasurer, Oyde M. Culp, Elgin- »L .v.**..-™,, 

_ . , ti t m,-r Chairman Ehzabetntown, 

Bo^ ol Rellglou. Education. -H.K. Obe,^^ Uta «■' ■ L w shul „, 
Pa.; C. S. lkenbcy. Vice-Chairman, "?'"""«; Va ya.; Eva T,ostle. 
North Manchester, Ind.; J. M Henry. Bn« ewa er, va . c 

3«5 Van Buren St.. Chicago. 111.; Dan ™"' w ' 3* Executive Seere- 
E,nest Davis. S46 Malaga Ave., Wenaichee. \\ ash. txec 
tarj and Direeto, ol Young People's Wotk.C.H. |namoe g .^a, 
III.; Director ol Children's Work. Ruth |f" v H "(, ''f™," £lgu,, 111. 
E. G. HoB. Elgin. Hi.; Assistant Editor. Maud Newcomer, « ». 

General Education B^rf.-D.W. Kuru, Cb»™.» . IMS E^TUrd 5tj 
Long Beach, Calif.; J. S. Noffs.nger. SeereU'r-Trea.urer .*•» u J 

an'd ULftffiSS ?2, C s: |d7la|d W.| /A,^ A C. 

beihtown College; M. G. Brumbaugh, Juniata CoUege. ^ »' 

Robinson, Secretary, Pleasant Hill, Ohio; M. J. - Br ^ e ,""' T rca8U rer, 
Secretary, 132 Shearer St., Greenubure, Pa.. J- J- loa "' 
McPherson, Kans. _, . i-n„,,.rHa1r> 

f , w. f .a»._ I A Dove Chairroan, Cloveraaie, 

Conference Prognun Committee.— J. A. "^- % Wine Mt. MorriB, 
Va.; R. W. Schlosser, Eliz.bethtown. Pa.; GrO"« FSethtown, Pa.; 

Waterloo. Iowa; H. H. Nye. Elirabethtown. Pa, Levi uars o. 

Va.! J. B. Emmert, 2627 <th St., La Verue. Calil.i J. K. MiLer. ^ 

grancf Ave., Cedar Rapids. Iowa; L. C. Moomaw, ^ J. 2 fe t»« gf 

Roanoke, Va.; Manager and Treasurer, R. E. Arnold, dgrn. 

Secretary, Lauren T. Miller, Elgin, 111. 

Council of Bcrda-Chairman, J. t.'SgEu'SP'STO Wash-' 

S,«" d "r. S r."'V" y ' J' S e N ° ff ,a,V"l' W £'., algto,' BL; Tr.a.urer, 
iriKton, D. C-; Execnlive Secretary, J. W. w-r. c-'»**^ • 

Oyde M. Culp, Elgin, HL „ , w . . 

Mrs. P. A. Shearer, MS W Main St.. Decatur. I1L 

AudMag Comndttea-E. M. Butterbaugh, 52S Ea.t IndUn. Ave., 
South Bend, Ind.; J. J Oiler, Waynesboro. Fa. 

Annua. Meeting J. StauHer. Mulberry Grove III. 
, M.mbe, o| Advbmr, Board ol American Bible Socl.ty.-Ros. B. 
Murphy. 2260 N. Park Ave.. Philadelphia, Pa 

General RaU„ y Transportation A«ent-J. F. Appleman, Plymouth, 

Delivery Extra 

Your teachers and classes will do better work when they use the black- 
board The eye fixes firmly what is otherwise passed by. 

*.,„„ nu n '" """ limW " """" ; 



BOOKS f ?5e"cHers 

Alexander B. Bruce 

Aquilla Webb 

. H. R. L. Slieppard 

James Stalker 

Henry Sloane Coffin 

T. DeWitt Talmagc 












YOUR uwn, ~ --- ^ 


Formerly priced at $1.50 to $3.50 






NEW TABERNACLE SERMONS - - - • " Ma e k intosh Maekay 
BIBLE TYPES OF MODERN «^» ™ . ™ Mackintosh Maekay 





i „"u U N N D D R R E E D ^!vL S |=s F AND C O^N N ES ". 







G. B. F. Hallock 

Frederick Barton 

J. H. Jowett 

W. M. Clow 

Alexander Whyte 

William Taylor 

William Taylor 

A. B. Bruce 


G. W. Truett 




THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-February 2, 1929 



OfUl Organ .1 the Church of the Brethren 

»w ^ * •— ™^<° 8 s--' "• E - A " ' ' ? " 

ing church 

Entered at the Post 
Acceptance for mailing 
section 1103 

Eloia DL. M Second-class Matter. 

Note* From Our Corre»pondenU 

(Continued From Page 77) 
... rendered by tte Sunday-school on Sundajr program was rendered oj „,„, ever given by 

"r" "uLt StuS^Sd-.llSS McKin,„,y. To.edo, O.uo, 
whose aoarcas *» 

J ' n - a OKLAHOMA 

■i n ,. a nfneers for the coming year 

Hollo, of.urch »e, "«-jJ'i M i eider. We bad. 

were elected, Bro. Byron »•■• t .,. nl i e d We just closed a revival 

Christmas program which was wen Sch rock o( Hampton, 

had a splendid "»«'"•"' S,. encouraged and the eomntun.ty 
r, B "en Th |to hU Seh,S ttijf. «~VcS "^T are »»S 

pb7r ch „;T t ^i^n;:t7a'.r-o d ;p.r L ..nbau 8 ,,,Ho,,o„. 

Okla., Jan. W. - . officers were elected 

Red River church met » con" 1. an. « "ben £ ^ 

lor the coming V"> KM1- ehSch trustees. J. S. Hart. J. Allen 
senger" agent. Mr.. Gay •»■»: ^»™ h *™J^ 'building committee 
Nill and 0... ™n>««. T"««« >SS t f2d S. began a series ol 
lor our new church, oro. a. *»_■* „..!,- The interest was 

Inee.ings lor «. Dec H and --"Vhri.. .»d «n.«d the church 

His message, were both »'«""« "/^^'^during the meeting, 
each evening by a good ■"«.=««. ?° e n ^ h " men', chorus ol Kom. 
„e were favored h, •«« »» »° ™ e d dLnner ,, the 
The last Sunday we enjoyed at, all •«« "J.'^galog, The Littlest 
church. Dec. 21 our singing class i gave IK so « « D 

Son. Our yearly business tneeuog vM h '" ^ „ boo , wperin . 
McCann was <'«'"»" ^j ' Workers' president! Si.ters Maggie 
tendent; Luke Howell, cnrisuan ™ "j . Our pastor will 

Lo.ber and Lydia Merke, Junior ^»»~ «Jf^ " Sunday mom- 
hold consecration services lor all the new officer. 
ing.-Mrs. Floyd Lowber. Cordell, Okla., Jan. .». 


Grant, Psuuv-Th. church held ''•^ZI^'cJm". t£ 
elected lor the year, Bro. Geo. Shade being ™ „ rf 

Sunday-school gave a pageant on Dec 23 £« »»£ ,„, thurch 
was lilted lor the General Mission Board Chn-tm" 7 
and Aid Society sen. bask... "^"^.""ling and sang carol. Several aiso w Q Sunday-school is growing 

in home, where there was sickness. «u eighty-three. All ol 

holding a good average; the enrollment now is «B™» , 

our children stay lor preaching services. The Cradle «™«W" 

given the Sunday-school by Sister R-C. Flory lb.. » '^^ 

^ -re' sen,',.! SJjtTS SgSg- - "fST 

and Bro Crumpacker ,o C"™. expressing » »«£«»« J* „-, 
elation ol tteir «.rk. The moths, and da g s ^ ^ 

,„„„,! soca Dec a. S.^* ^ven by a Nc ar East 

the vear. Jan. O an iiiici"»'"B '*** rt , -- 

Reiiel worker -Mr.. Marie Pence, Grant. Pass. Ore., Jan. IS. 

rj,'" cantata entitled. The 

Maple Spring churches rendered « ™«« ^ ^ reorganised 

Bethlehem Star. Maple Spring So nda) it Su „j.,y.,chool year 

with Bro. Harold a. ""''" n "'^ ,„„,„!,. Jan. 1 Querna- 
,ith Oct. 1 instead ol Dec. JO as to wb|ch 

council a. the Maple So « I ■ ^ ^ 

... lor the church were elected. Bro. ^ JJ ^ M bc 
.erved us l.ithlully •• elder th. : la. • ■""» » d prc ,idi„g elder lor 
relieved, and Bro. W. D. Rummcl was ■''«"= ' A „„„i C on- 

one year. Our pastor. Bro Kulp w.l 1 rcpre ent MKl . 

lerence «» «»-- ^f gj, "St*,, Rum„cl.-Mr, 
'j" B V,. r 'Kun,mel. Holl.opple, Pa.. Jan. ■«■ .„ ac „i n g hour, the 


i„g in the White Gilt ol »111 to the a i. .^ ^^ ^^ a , s0 

New Year's eve our annua, «'« « , hor , „, k , we „ given and 
reception lo, new -*>•>•!•. ^ opened the new year by having our 
relreshments were served we op. ui mad= and offic „, 

annual bus,,.... meeting at which t, ,ne rep or . ^ ,„„,, 

|„, the year elected. Jot many ch anje. t c ^ ^ delegates 
budget was also adopted. 1'ive were n. Dlon mi sistcr , 

to District Meeting are J. P ' C . ote ™ d ' n Mi> '' b e, Lambert. Our pastor, 
Mollie M. Blough. Helen a.ycomb and Brt.l ^^ hsvi „ g 

H. E. Blough. ,. """"^ ,„'',* b y "„tl, during the year was about 
accepted his resignation. ™ "" "» " octogenarian; Siste, Burns. 
6v .r 0«, old... •'»"' d M 1 » o '/, R ,C b e a ' o, month.; Joseph Howard 
who had been an invalid lor a '"""" h ir liv „ i„ mine 

and Benjamin F. Grove, both ol "J""» d ™' „, „„eun,onia. The 
accidents, and Stephen How«d «b« d..« P faf h ^ 

Howard, were brother, an d both k . large , uc .„,„bcd to 

„.w year on. young brother B,,^^ ^ bad , 

pneumonia. i»e '"", , ... „„„JiH n im are mproved now. Many 
She state ^* ; ««»;-"." »'= boars....... the 

o. our families were sick. vw» b c c So Ifiihemer of 

pulpi. was ably hlled today by Brethren ^C; ^^ £ „, 

Wcstmont, and J. L. W. ucain, 

Johnstown. Pa.. Jan. 20. om e|Jer> 

Tyrone.-Wc met in council Jan. 3. in tne ao aiJ , ,„ 

Bro. D. B. M.ddocks. ou, P"'°'so'ite"ol much sickness du„ng the 
p ^,r i n!n„Ss, C r"! : ..enda„c: a.)o,h Sunday-^oo. a_»d worship 
^ ri Y J V h> D. k a?our P c;urcb.n , berr^, 3 a large attendance „j l^jrj 
S"Sy°daraS S harvJ,rho"e^f£'^^»« J^ 

SJiVft ST£ Sock^ Cl^rd Wester and D,^ r T. 
M ,.„ The Christmas program, in cb. J I . ioo w 

Kli^iSf. to ou^nf ev ngeiistic meeting. w„h ( -J 
,.,e... They wi *****£ ^ro K«» Gla.s ol Juniata Park. ,. 
d "-",e.X" 8 1'us. "''wive "are holding ^-^ ««»» - 
. e.ninne of the city preparatory to our m«-eu«b» 

ro G E. Weaver, the chalk preacher, with 
r people have been sick, some quite seriously, 
all improving, for which we are thankful.- 
, Pa., Jan. 21. 

■gular council at the Green Tree 
were reelected, the supcrintend- 

„. began a 
Rulus Bucher Irom 

aiso expecting to hav' 
us soe-n. A number of 
but at present they i 
Carrie B. Snyder, Tyr 

West Green Tree.— We held ou Dec. 4. Sundayschool offi 

;„,-,"being Bro "facob- Wniiams „t ft. ™<™\^*£* Yree 
Longenecker, Flora, house; Bro. Samuel UD. r^ } 

JOT' .1' H^He'irir'orrChro.'ue'rco^gatio. preached very 

i,„p,e.sive sermons. One "'""J^'V. 

,.,i.s ol mooting, at the Ftorm !»«■£ JoQ ,„ „, 

Quarryville was with us !or 0« w«j ^ ^ 10 _ M rs. Anna 
epidemic the meetings »=« disco 
Butterbaugh. Rheem.. Pa., Jan. 2>- 


Boon, ymr** Christmas nigb, the f^SAjTJ^S\ 

i-rs '"-^?sc3'- -ss^-k £-.7 1 

and part time pastor. The L„„ b „„., through the effort, ol the 
reader, in «rtr »»* ° Y ' P. S and jun'ora are the,, 
Sisters' Aid Society. The y r -_ , D Hoyi Boone Mill. V... 

work with new leaders tor i*,*. •" 

Jan. 21- . , Tbe mission iund ol $150 

lb>w church met m »»«'' . J ™ W L ; Greene County School, 
was divided •g^^XTSSL* We recently installed 
District missions and Genera M ,,,o„ ^ tta ,„, „ 

, pipeless lurnace in the cl.uicl. wn.c n a ard „ m 

the' "worshipers. J^.^^'Vya" church Lidia. and 550 lor home 
decided to give $50 to the vy " a J[d cbr i.,„a, program; the, 

work. The young people g »ve » »~ , , ood , some poo, 

al,o .ang «rol. ^./'""^ *,„ ,1 « lioliday season and brougb, 

B^;li^sLo?f^£^^^ : ^--- 

year were elected a. iollows: ™^^ N. »■ • „ „,, El.i, 

"Messenger" agent, H. E ' "jJ" ™» nd Aid ^ei.,, was given. The 

Broyl... A '.port ol ,ht ."" S b r " tb e pas tor lor their work i» the 

S^r^pi SV envelop. .*. 

f,.bed y a. this meeting. A financial commit.. 

Broyles. Lu,ay. Va., Jan. U- g Garbtr 

W.yno.b.m church me. ,„ council Jan. 18 w ^ Thr 

presiding. Several ^'the diu b b" ICe'- A little repair ».,k 
have been received into tne . b . se m C nt ol our church. The Hu 

i, being Planned to be done in the base ^ meetings to be 

ha, been very bad in our <0*» wh* ,„„ Ht V.rnon 

p^hS JoTuI-Gournif Wampler! Waynesboro. Va.. Jan. 21. 


SUUJW church me. in =o--il J«. * ^> £* *' 
coming year ».'...« .d .. oltow •• B™- ™ ^ write, chore,, 

Sister Chloe HoUstetter. clerk, vvm r. . superintendent, t.. 

eorrc.pondent; Wm. ""»' "'"^" Grace Goyer. Siste, 
fill the vacancy c.u.rf b, ■ th. .death ot ^ ^ „„., 

Ell. Ving.t » '^^^'bu" inc., meeting the putor »»■ »«- 
meeting. At the close ot tne o Christmas gift Irom member, 

«„,.d with a pore, ol money „ "^"^J „ Ty liberal dona- 
of the church. The A.d b<,c, «'» b " D e„. On account ol the do 

,io„, ol money to t&. ' ntarch th. P. « ?«» „ tad bee 

epidemic, we were unable to J- X.ta" »'•*'• "''P 1 ' Gr0 " "" 
planned. Thank.g.vmg the three ' h »™ MS a „ d , loti „„ lollowing a 
Stanley-had a un.oo service in IK jS.bTterUl. and Methodist 
basket supper in the «« "fenoon and Bro. Bli.h ol th. Method,-. 
churches met us m tne .ore Hollenberg has charge o, 

church gave a very inspiring sra» • d M , c Grove eacl, 

tbree churches here P.e«ch,„g a. b", h S,a„y ten(]eiit rf ^ s , k 
Sunday lorenoon. S..t.r B ollenherg „ p ^ ^ ^ h , 

Sunday-school a »i «lso has charge , 1( . jcboo , 

1 our church. The children are d»m»,. had Quite ., 

every Friday al.ernoo,, for th.. "^""^^ed by so many ol ou, 
decrease in membership the past | »«'; St „ |c Wi ,„ J,„. 18. 

member, moving away.-Mrs. Faith nenoer. 

i also chosen. — Elsie 





Heidell«rg.-0. New Yea,', eve a program wa, rendered „ oor 
eborch in charge ol the mi.s.onary «°»»'V"' "'"",'.' d ™ reading. 
The program con.i.ted ol rec.ta. ons, »u, m a od . r. d, B 
lollowed by ... addres, by Eld M eh, 1 Kurt. The o« g ^ 
lilted lor mis.ion,. Jan. 13 two ol our »™I ^ meeting 

i°o« Se S.nd », Volunteer. =1 Eli^hethtown College w, I be with 
uTin the near luture.-Kathryn M. Brnbaker, Schaellerstown, Pa., 

)a i!lg.nto.-Since our la,, report we enjnyed having the Volunteer 
BanTirom Juni.U wi.h .. lor a program which .»« ™°' rf "J 
much The Sunday preceding Thanksg.v,ng the junior elmreh league 
worker, had a .hor, program and open. I lb* money bo «h«h 
contained »3. We have about lorty-five children in th.| > grow- w. 
had a short service on Thanksgiving morning. Dec. » Bro ■ C'awson 
„om ^'obe preached a Cb 1 tma, sermon lo, us. "J--^-- 

S; 8 .? 'a.*: r E, rec S en, d m'en,hlr" E n, we decided to adopt the 
envelope system lor this year. All loroe, offiee'. »«. '"'"',!.« 
III,.. ,„, Brethren H. H. and Arthur Wollord are delegates to 
Di" riot Meeting with Siste.s Sadie Wollord and Opal Leonard, alter. 
?«« Ian 15 we enjoyed a chalk talk b, Bro. G. E. Weaver ol 
Pomona Mi. which , was very in.ere.ting and belplui.-Mr, Wil.on 
E. Leonard, Ligonier, Pa., Jan. 22. 

L1UO church met in council Jan. 9. One certificate ol membership 
was mot™ two certificates were received and one applicant received 
to, bS" Our membership now numb.,, 226. The lollowing office,, 
were eleeSd lor the year: Elder, Bro. J. W. G. Her.hey; Sunday- 
r.hLl .unerinlendent Bro. G. G. Minnieh; Christian Wo,ke,s' pros,- 
d .„?B™S™.n D*ri.h. Dec. 16 the Volunteer Band ol Elizabeth, 
town Colleae rendered a program in our chu,ch. Dec. 23 the P.'mary 
SparS nfrendered a cEristma, The children - «* 
ville Orphanage ...i.t.d in this program and touched lb .heart o al 
present On Christmas evening the older pupil. g»-e ex.rc.s.s, 
including a cant.t. entitled. The Bethlehem Stoiry. Dec. 30 Eldere 
Nathan Martin and Amo, Kuhns were with OS. The latter addressed 
the Sunday-.chool and Bro. Martin preached the mo.nmg .mm 
Jan. 13 Eld. David Snader preached Inr us.-Flor.nte B. G.bbtl, 
Lititz, Pa., Jan. 21. . 

LHtl. Swatm church met in council at the Frystown house 
Eld Ira Gibbel presiding. Snnday-cbool officer, we.e elected for 
the coming year. It was deeided to purchase new Hymnals 
lor ,b" Frystown house and to have Christian Workers' .1 
two ol our house, in the evening instead ol Sundayschool. Jan. 13 
in the evening. Eld. J. W. Meyer preached lor us at the 1-rystowr 
hou.e.-Elizabeth Meyer, Myerstown, Pa., Jan. 21. 

Mapl. Spring enjnyed a .plendid Bible Institute Dec. 22 an, 
23 with T. T. Mye., ol Jonia.a College .. instructor. The message 
were both intere.ting and In.trnctlve. Dec. 23 the children i ol 
Sunday-.chool gave a .bort Christmas program. Watch night .erv 
ice. were held at the Maple Spring church which were very rnuc 
enloyed by loose who attended. We had songs, PW" and .no, 
talks by .everal members. Dec. 26 the ladle, ol tb. Westmont .n 

More and more Easter is becoming a Great Church Day, 
stressing the Resurrection of our Lord and Savior. 

To our many patrons seeking help for the Easter Serv.ce, 
we suggest the following from which to choose: 
Easter Programs Easter Post Cards 

Easter Tiding.— 25c 

95 pageS-WO re.i.a.ions. 17 dialogue, and 21 songs. 
Paramount Easier Book No. 1— 25c 

6, page, ol Exercises. Dialogues, Drills,, 
Tableaux, Recitations and Songs. 
Paramount Easter Book No. 2— 25c 

64 page, ol Exercises, Playlet,, Dialogues, Drill,, Kecta- 
lions and Songs. , 

Paramount Easter Book No. 1— 25c 

Just out. Similar to the above. 
More Short Missionary Stories— $150 

"ton mc This scries has a quotation, printed in beautiful 
cotor, and gold bevelled gob? edges. Pack ol two card,, 
10c. Three packs. ZSc. 

No. U0. Beautiful Bible text, artistic picture apP«-P'£ te 
(or individual or class use. Five designs. Per dozen, zuc. 
Per hundred, Jl-25- 

No 444 In colors. Five excellent designs, four of which 
hi^e aTpropriaTe Bible text and one an Easter w..h. Per 
dozen, 20c. Per hundred, J1-2S. 

Easter Cards 

:s. Among thes 
with a strong call to service. 
Pageant* for the Year— $1.50 

By Henrietta Heron 

191 pages. Twenty-two pageants, 
Easter Pageant. 
Junior Pageant* — $1.00 

By Ada Rose Demerest 

93 pages. Four tee n^program 

No 1148. Four designs. Flowers, cross and Bible verse or 
each. Size 2^x4« inches. With envelopes, per set of 10 

No. 1141. Four designs each with dainty picture in colors. 
c,rrinture verse Easter greeting and another beautiHii 
Sment. Size' 2^x4 inches, tfitl 
10, 2t)C. 

lvclopcs, per set of 

Easter Folders 



in East. 
Jesu* Only, an Easter Cantata 

i„fere'S, O un«u a ? M E"ch Ct 30c: PeVV*e>Vrepaid. '*& 
The Garden of Joseph, an Easter Cantata 

Reissued because, of. its popularity. ■ Especially rccom- 

No 1142 Four designs with daintily colored picture, 
Easter greeting, Bible verse and suitable quotation. Size 
of page 2^x4 inches. Per set of 10 with envelopes, 30c. 

No 1111 Four designs with church and flowers Easter 
greetingand Scripture verse. Size 3**4* inches, >« set 
of 10 with envelope? w 

No. 101. — 
signs, 3>4x5tf i 

^ hlend beautifully. Four pages. Six de 
ictus. 6 in envelope, 3*c. Per dozen, SOc. 

„*adSf tor those "who desire "an easy and 
Each 30c. Per dozen, postpaid, $3.00 


No. 530. An eight-page folder with colored cover d« 
Bible text and greeting. Four designs. 6 for SOc. 
dozen, SOc. 

cacu jut. ' *i uva-^u, *•**-•* p ■ — 

The Living Lord, an Ea»ter Service and Patgeaut 

31 nag.,. An excellent selection and arrangement lor 
cbo.eb "and S.....lay -school. Single copy, 10c 25 to « 
e""ies He each. In larger qnanlities, 7c eacb. Postpaid. 

Easter Crosses 

j beautilol colors 2Jt>4>/6 inches in 
,i.e""Eaci.""c7os. contain, a fitting picture wreatl, .e am 
SoSera. Excellent lor class u,c. 20e per dozen. il.S* per 


We are trying to make it easy for you to choose your Easter materia^ Make 

I your own selections. If we have failed to meet your needs, write and tell us what | 

3§ you want. Serving you is our pleasure. jj| 

^ Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 1U. ^ 

The GospelMessenger 

•M-' "^ ==^==^== === ^ ==== ...... .„ the stature of 

THY KINGDOM COME" — m»». 9: io ; L»ke ii: 

Vol. 78 

Elgin, 111., February 9, 1929 

No. 6 

In This Number 

E That Ye May Not Sin 

On Order in Prayer ....... 

Drawing Near and Going 1 
The Means and the End. . 

Among 'ne Churehes 

At „„nd (lie ' World." — ^ 
The Quiet Hour (R. H. Jl Forum- 

Tht Unknown God (Poem) 
A Common Error. By H. 

He has turned his back on sin. He has set his face 
toward truth and righteousness. The cherishing of sin 
or even indifference toward it is out of the question 
for him. How shall he that has died to sin live any 
longer therein? 

Such is the background and the controlling idea of 
this great and loving appeal. It is an unmistakable 
BjHmr, Lawrenee ^«™ : ;;;;;;-| and emphatic answer to the deadly doctrine that Chris- 
tians may sin with impunity because they are saved by 
the grace of God anyway and to be assured of that 

of Prophecy in the Chureh of the Brethren? By ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ j^ q,^,. as their Savior. 

If modern readers of this letter would read it in the 

.. Will, 
Brethren Pathnr.ders.-No. 17. By J. H. Moore. ... 
'- the Chord, of the Brelhren.-Part 5 

Higher Educati 

W. W- Peters, 
Is the Spirit of P 

Galen Barkdoll. 
Mothers of Son,. By Roth H. Brow 

n-nn Lins. By Maud Molilcr Inmi 
Sh?MS.WiA? By W.J. Werk 
A Young Man's P 
Justice, Judgment 
A Warning From 

... (Poem) 

ind Grace. By Jas. A. Sell. ... 
he Prophets. By S. M. West, 

Pastor and People— 

\ndrew the Mm of Simple Faith. By Warren SI, 

The G t Of the Sermon. By D. W. Kurtz 

Or. Going to Church. By Maud Mohler Trimmer. 

Home and Family- 
How Did You Die (Poem)? Sel 
1= Mother Ever a Superfluity? 
Study of Babyhood (J. E. M.l, 
Mother's First Duty. By Lula 

ected by Mrs. C. L. Collier 
By Mary Polk Ellenberger, 



That Ye May Not Sin 

To this end John wrote to his "little children." 
That was the purpose that moved his great heart. Sin 
was in the air. Worse yet, it was in the church, in the 
lives of the members. John hated this evil thing with 
all the intensity of his being for he knew exactly what 
it would do to all who cherished it. It would defeat 
them. It would destroy them. It would damn them. 
So John wrote a letter to these " children " of his. 
dearer to him than his own life. It is a letter of lead- 
ing and pleading, of light and love. It warns and in- 
structs and persuades. Don't sin, it says. If we do, 
and confess it, the good Father is faithful and just to 
forgive us and to cleanse us from all-unrighteousness. 
But it's too dangerous to tamper with. Don t. 

Sit down and read the general epistles right through, 
with the pastorals and the first three chapters of Reve- 
lation thrown in for good measure. 

Do this with one 

light of its fundamental purpose their heated argu- 
ments over the holiness question would end before 
they get started. It is not the moral possibility of a 
Christian's yielding to temptation that is the issue. 
This is assumed and the reader is warned against sup- 
posing that he is beyond danger, and the remedy when 
he falls is pointed out. The point is whether a Chris- 
tian has a right to sin or can look upon sin with in- 
difference. He can not. 

He can not, moreover, with such an easy going atti- 
tude to sin, claim the services of the Advocate in his 
behalf. The blood of Jesus Christ cleanses us from 
sin, if we walk in the light, if we confess, if we repent, 
etc., but not otherwise! This condition is often spe- 
cifically stated and is always understood. It is some- 
times allowed to slip out of sight, unfortunately and 
disastrously, even now. 

But the raising of false issues and the waste of time 
and strength in argument about them will go on. as 
long as the letter rather than the spirit rules -in our 
use of Scripture. In the case before us, is it not the 
climax of absurdity to make John stultify himself by 
saying one thing in one breath and the very opposite 
in the next? Yet that is -just what the literalist makes 
him do. For the discussionists on both sides of this 
question of absolute sinlessness get their choicest proof 
texts from this one short letter. They would quickly 
come to agreement, if they could forget the academic 
question they wax so warm over and set themselves the 
easier and more profitable task discovering the spirit 
of the little book as a whole, and the situation which 
it and the other similar writings of this 

The latter is greatly to be coveted. The consciousness 
of soul touch with him, awareness of his Spirit im- 
pinging upon your own spirit, wooing, persuading, in- 
spiring—nothing can equal this as a guarantee of peace, 
strength, joy. 

But before you have any right to the blessed sense 
of his presence there must come the fact. It isn't a de- 
lusion that you want, however delightful for the mo- 
ment, only to be disillusioned and disappointed in the 
end. You do not want a cheap psychological trick 
played on you. You want God on the throne of your 
life, gently restraining, carefully guiding, warmly com- 
forting. Ask him for himself then, first of all. 

There is no prayer he will more surely answer than 
that. But are you sure that you want him? Do you 
love him? Do you love what he loves? Do you love 
his other children, even the wayward ones? Do you 
love cleanness and goodness? Is the only thing you 
hate the only thing he hates, namely, sin ? Do you hate 
it ? Do you want to be rid of it ? 

Ask God for himself first, the fact first, remember, 
and then the glad sense of it. And then, talk over with 
him the other things you'd like to have. 

e open to all -££-*£ ££f !£ ^ They could at leas, agree to let each one have 

„■_■ the technical point, for that would 

apostolic church. 

will find that there was more than enough of sin there 
and that Peter and John and Paul and Jude grievously 
lamented this deplorable state and fought against it 
with all their might. You will find also, if you do not 
fall asleep while you are looking, that this unhappy 
condition was made as bad as it was by the mischie- 
vous teaching of certain leaders among them who 
turned the grace of God into lasciviousness (Jude 4). 

Think of that, will you? They took this precious 
truth and twisted it into an excuse for sinning, that 
grace might abound. It is not our good works but 
Christ's that save us. He is our Substitute. Accept 
him as your Savior. Then if you sin, his cleansing 
blood will wash that away. Our righteousness is but 
filthy rags. Trust his. Ours does not count. Salva- 
tion is of grace. 

It takes but a slight turn of the dial to ruin the re- 
ception and change the sweetest music into raucous 
noise. 'Which is exactly what these truth twisters did. 
to the near ruination of the church and the grief of 
such lovers of holiness as the aged and saintly beloved 
disciple. What ! A Christian go on living in sin ! 

It is unthinkable. A Christian is born of God. The 
Holy Spirit has begotten in him a new life and a new 
love, the life of God and the love of goodness. He can 
not sin for his ideals and ambitions are directly opposed 
to sin. He has entered on the eternal quest of holiness. 

his own opinion on 

no longer have much interest for them, while they give 
their energies henceforth to holy living and to persuad- 
ing others to do likewise. 

That is the one important lesson we should get from 
our contacts with the holiness extremists. They are 
often a sore trial to one's patience, especially if one 
ventures to set their practice alongside of their pro- 
fession, but since we have them with us and can not 
use their philosophy we ought to get some good from 
them. We can. Let them send us back to First John 
to learn afresh how utterly deceitful sin is and how 
foreign to the new life in Christ Jesus. Let us hate 
this evil thing with a new and intenser hatred. We 
have no business with it. We have turned our backs 
upon it. We are bound for holiness and God. 

Praise be for the Fount of cleansing. Neglect not 
to wash in it daily. And press on toward the prize of 
your high calling in Christ Jesus, fearing nothing in 
the world but sin. Your call is unto holiness. Be 
afraid of sin. If you are tempted to dally with it, re- 
member John's warning. Don't. 

On Order in Prayer 

The blessing most to be sought from God in prayer 
is God himself ; first, the fact of his controlling pres- 
ence in the life, and then the sense of that presence. 

Drawing Near and Going In 

A certain discreet scribe there was once who was 
not far from the kingdom of God. This nearness of 
his was due to his keen sensitiveness to what is vital, 
decisive, enduring. He saw duty whole, not small un- 
related bits of it. If he acted in conformity with his 
insight, he must surely have gone on all the way into 
the kingdom. And what would let that scribe in, will 
let anybody in. 

This is all because the kingdom is what it is, right- 
eousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Spirit, otherwise 
called simply the rule, of God in the soul. Where he 
lives and rules there is love of him and his other chil- 
dren. And where that love is, he is and his kingdom is. 
The scribe was almost there. 

There were other scribes in those days, plenty of 
them, more skilled than he, perhaps, in making much 
ado about nothing. They were not so near the king- 
dom. They could not see so well. They could see 
armies and banners and big buildings and processions. 
Strange to say, some of them could even see gnats. 
But they could not see either justice or mercy. They 
could not see the love of God nor the love of their 
fellow-men. And so they missed seeing the kingdom 

of God. 

Now as then, seeing straight comes first in this mat- 
ter of kingdom approach. Walking in the light of 
what you see brings it to a successful issue. That 
takes you all the way in. 

The Means and the End 

" But what are we to do after we are organized?" 
somebody asked the promoter of the new movement. 
A timely question, surely. It is a wonder somebody 
didn't think of it before the organization was effected. 
Any organization really ought to have something to do 
besides get itself set up with a nice list of vice-presi- 
dents and committees. 

It is the same old trouble, the agency or instrument 
threatening to crowd the objective out of the house. 
The means becomes the end. Sometimes this happens/ 
for want of a simple and definite purpose to begin 
with and sometimes because the fuss and noise inci- 
dent' to the running of the machine is mistaken for 
work. Either there was no end in view in the first 
place or it has since been lost in a cloud of dust. 

What to do is a good question. If we have not 
given it any thought before we ought to take it up 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 9, 1929 


The Unknown God 

In ancient Greece, men everywhere 
Groped in their darkness after God, 
Their altars built in ignorance 
Wherever streets by men were trod. 

Their deities were many score; 
On worship blind then- souls did fed 
They worshiped gods of peace and war. 
And gods of varied human need. 
They knew not how, in any case, 
To worship; for they were untaught. 
But they believed that motives true 
Would bring the recompense they sought. 
One day a shrewd and thoughtful sage 
Besought him of the God unknown, 
Who rules the earth and universe 
From his sublime and gorgeous throne. 
This unknown God of earth and sky, 
Who holds the destinies of all, 
Creator, Lord and King supreme, 
Preserves his creatures great and small. 
And, yet, today this sovereign Lord 
To many millions is unknown. 
With notions vague they stumble on 
In paths with superstition strown. 
They see not God; they hear him not, 
Although he's present everywhere; 
Although he speaks in accents clear. 
And manifests his wondrous care. 

Oh, men of this fair land of ours, 
Why censure heathen men of old? 
Look up and out, reach out your hands; 
He will to you his truth unfold. 
And walk with him by night and day. 
Through every path he'll safely guide 
If we'll but trust him all the way. . 
Acquaint yourselves with this true God, 

Morrill, Kans. ***-* 

A Common Error 


To err is human. Most men demand no logical proof 
of this fact. Experience daily verifies it. We need 
not be conscious of an error for it to have its blighting 
effect upon us. Ignorance is no excuse before the civil 
law, neither is it a valid excuse before the moral law. 
Furthermore, an error unconsciously done is often 
many times more pernicious than an error consciously 
done-especially to that person who is sincerely striv- 
ing for a better life— for it carries with it no guilt, yet 
at the same time its full quota of moral deterioration. 
It is of a common error of this character that I want to 

When I was in the grade school, we were taught to 
write by using a copybook which had a model at the 
top of each page and eight or ten blank lines below it. 
Our task was to reproduce the model on each of the 
blank lines. According to all known laws each suc- 
cessive copy should have been better than the preced- 
ing. However, exactly the converse frequently hap- 
pened. The first copy turned out to be the best and the 
last—which should have been the best— the worst. The 
difficulty did not lie in our hand, but in our eyes. In- 
stead of looking at the original, after our first copy we 
looked at our own reproductions of the original. These 
faulty copies led to an enhanced perversion of the 
original with each attempt. Unconsciously we looked 
at the wrong place. 

Now living is life's finest art. As all other arts, it 
must be learned. Our success or .failure in learning 
how to live will depend primarily upon what our ideals 
are and who our teacher is. No language contains a 
higher adjective descriptive of living than Christlike. 
No higher tribute can be paid to any man than this : 
He is a Christlike man. Wherever known, Jesus is 
looked upon as God's Model for humanity. We see in 
him God's Ideal for each of us and our own highest 
Desire for ourselves. 
One will get the best results, in making his life a 

reproduction of Christ's only when he looks d,re«ly 
at him. There is a portrait of Jesus-rather four par 
ttaL-in the four Gospels. Any individual who real y 
hungers and thirsts after righteousness or Ch.isthke 
ness wm turn to the New Testament and look long and 
slarchingly at the portrait found there. Many of us 
7 his print make the same error that students made 
in using the old-style copy book. Instead of looking 
at h original, Jesus, we look at the Christ a. found 
in the spirit and practice of the corporate church. A 
vho do'this should know the counsel o a « 
coach to his players; Keep your eye on the ball, if you 
Z* to hi. ... Applied to the thought at hand, th 
counsel would read; Keep your eye on Chnst, if you 
want to be Christlike. 

No institution-the church induded-that has ex- 
isted for the propagation of an ideal has beep able ove 
an extended period of time to retain the ideal in. 
original setting and power. This is no P^cularjault 
of fhe church as an institution. It is an •*«*»«*■ 
ness in every organization. Every organization to pre- 
serve itself must gain recruits. Its most cog- 
ger is that of putting the perpetua ion of to — 
tion above the devotion to the ideal for which the n- 
stitu.ion exists. Fearing for its own existence, the 
church throughout its history, therefore, has made con- 
cessions and compromises in order to gain popular 
favor and prestige. The inevitable result has ;been ^ 
toning down of the Christian message with a corre- 
sponding decrease in power. Where can you find a 
church whose requirements for admission are as rigid 
as were Jesus' demands for discplesh.p ? Few have 
been the times, indeed, that entering the church has 
been anything like equivalent to a complete committal 
of oneself to Jesus' way of life. Surely it isnt so to- 
day To be a member in good standing in any 
church today does not necessarily signify that one is 
even a passing student in the school of Chnst. A study 
of the Ideal as embodied in Jesus makes the usual prac- 
tice of such commands as, " Follow me, and, Go 
thou and do likewise," unrecognizable as Christian. 
Many writers on current religion think Christianity 
has fallen on hard times. One writer puts .t thus: 
" Religion is not in a robust state of health in modern 
civilization." Another says; "The tendency of our 
a<re from which religion is not exempt, is to do as 
little work as possible and to do it with one eye on the 
clock" Statements of this variety may be obnoxious 
to many of us; nevertheless, they contain sufficient 
truth to demand a wide hearing. Personally, I have 
vet to find a man who does not think that the chasm 
between the theory and pracice in present-day rehgion 
needs considerable narrowing. 

History indicates clearly that the church has had a 
hard struggle to keep alive the Spirit of Christ. Re- 
peatedly Christianity has been reduced to a shadow and 
the sharp edge of the Spirit dulled. Fortunately, there 
have always been restless souls who refused to be fed 
on the dry husks of formalism and ecclesiasticism. 
They have demanded for themselves and their fellows 
living bread. Their search has. invariably led them 
back to the New Testament to take a fresh look at the 
Master. The result has been a rediscovery of Jesus 
and a new realization of divine power. Most of the 
Protestant denominations were born on the floodtide 
of a spiritual revival set in motion by a small group of 
seeking souls. The Church of the Brethren was started 
by a small group of such spirits-without the estab- 
lished churches of the time. They yearned for the 
freer life of the spirit which they did not find in the es- 
tablished churches. They turned to the Bible, their 
most direct approach to Jesus. They found there what 
they were hunting. In the revelations and fresh spir- 
itual impulse that followed the Church of the Brethren 

was born. 

If we view the church— and we should— as a train- 
ing school for Christian character, it is to be expected 
that its corporate spiritual life will be on a level far 
lower than the attainment of a few of the most spir- 
itually mature members of the group. There is immi- 
nent danger in this situation which exists in every 
church. Individuals come to accept the spiritual level 
of the church for their standard, instead of " pressing 
on unto perfection " in the Christian graces. The re- 

sult is a constant pull downward. The tide can be 
uried only as the desire is created for the best and 
h 'dividual is led on, as was Alexander Mack, o 
seek and to look at the portrait of Jesus Christ as 
found in the New Testament. Jesus is the Fountain 
of our religion and it is only when we come directly 
o mm thafwe can discover for ourselves the comple e 
realitv of the Christian experience. Many of us mak 
Z copy book error in learning the Christian life. We 
keep our eye on the spiritual level of the corporate 
church and on the imperfect reproductions of Jesus 
abou us, instead of getting our eye and keeping our 
eye on the Jesus of the New Testament. Water ,s al- 
ways purest nearest its source. So is religion. 

During the Middle Ages true religion was almost 
snuffed out of a clever ecclesiastical hierarchy that 
kept The masses ignorant. The Bible was prohlb- 
ited for individual usage. Men died ,n their efforts 
o translate the Bible into the vernacular «g 
They believed that spiritual freedom would be gained 
onhTas individuals had recourse directiy to the Bible. 
The genius of the Protestant movement was the be- 
lief that the individual could work out his own sal- 
vation if he were given the Bible, without the special 
ad of an ecclesiastical organization. The victory ha, 
^ng been won and the Bible is today ^the common 
property of the masses. Once it was kept from to 
people. Now any of us who want it can have it How 
Lch better off are we than men once were? That 
Tepends upon how much we utilize this Book thatteVl 
us of Jesus, the Christ who truly sets men free. But 
we all with unveiled face beholding as in a mirror the 
Tory of the Lord, are transformed into the sarn, 
fmage from glory to glory, even as from the Lord to 
Spirit" (2 Cor. 3:18). 
Twin Falls, Idaho. 

Some Brethren Pathfinders 


1 7. In Adams County 
While Eld. Wolfe was doing what he could to 
strengthened stabilize the cause in Kentucky he was 
yet to grapple with two other big propositions A 
number of his Union County members had moved 
Adams County and it looked as though the rest of then 
might follow suit. When Illinois entered to : Union m 
m& she came in as a free state. A little later Mis 
souri was admitted as a slave state. In Kentucky was 
also slavery. A large per cent of the early emigrant 
came from slave territory and now began agitation ,r, 
favor of so changing the constitution as to permit th 
owning of slaves. The legislature decided to put th 
question of amending the constitution up to the peopl 
For eighteen months the excitement ran high. N